Stan Coveleski

Stanley Anthony Coveleski (born Stanislaus Kowalewski, July 13, 1889 – March 20, 1984) was an American Major League Baseball pitcher. In 14 seasons in the American League (AL), Coveleski pitched for the Philadelphia Athletics, Cleveland Indians, Washington Senators and New York Yankees. In 450 career games from 1912 to 1928, Coveleski pitched 3,082 innings and posted a win–loss record of 215–142, with 224 complete games, 38 shutouts, and a 2.89 earned run average (ERA). He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1969.

Born in Shamokin, Pennsylvania, Coveleski began playing professional baseball in 1908, following in the footsteps of his brother, Harry Coveleski. He played mostly for the Lancaster Red Roses until he made his major league debut with the Athletics in 1912. Following three more seasons in the minor leagues, he stayed in the major leagues after signing with the Indians in 1916. During his nine seasons with the Indians, his accomplishments included winning three games during the 1920 World Series.

After his time with the Indians ended, Coveleski spent three seasons with the Senators and one with the Yankees before retiring after the 1928 season. He retired to South Bend, Indiana, where he died in 1984. A starting pitcher, Coveleski specialized in throwing the spitball, a pitch where the ball is altered with a foreign substance such as chewing tobacco. It was legal when his career began and outlawed in 1920, but he was one of 17 pitchers permitted to continue throwing the pitch.

Stan Coveleski
Stan Coveleski npcc 13989
Coveleski with the Senators
Starting pitcher
Born: July 13, 1889
Shamokin, Pennsylvania
Died: March 20, 1984 (aged 94)
South Bend, Indiana
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
September 10, 1912, for the Philadelphia Athletics
Last MLB appearance
August 3, 1928, for the New York Yankees
MLB statistics
Win–loss record215–142
Earned run average2.89
Career highlights and awards
Member of the National
Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Baseball Hall of Fame Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg Empty Star.svg
Election MethodVeteran's Committee

Early years

Stanislaus Anthony Kowalewski was the youngest of five baseball-playing brothers in the coal-mining community of Shamokin, Pennsylvania in Northumberland County, east of the Susquehanna River and northeast of the state capital of Harrisburg.[1] His oldest brother Jacob died serving in the Spanish–American War (1898); his other brothers Frank and John also played professional baseball, but only in the minor leagues and never reached the major leagues.[2] His older brother, Harry Coveleski (1886-1950), later won 20 games in a season on three occasions during his 14 years major league career.[3][4]

Like many his age in the Shamokin area, Coveleski began work as a "breaker boy" at a local colliery at the age of 12.[1] In return for 72 hours of labor per week, Coveleski received $3.75, or about five cents an hour.[5] "There was nothing strange in those days about a twelve-year-old Polish kid working in the mines for 72 hours a week at a nickel an hour", he later recalled. "What was strange is that I ever got out of there".[5] Coveleski was rarely able to play baseball as a child due to his work schedule.[1]

Nevertheless, he worked on his pitching skills during the evenings, when he threw stones at a tin can placed 50 feet away.[6] When he was 18 years old, Coveleski's abilities caught the attention of the local semi-professional ball club, which invited him to pitch for them. "When it came to throwing a baseball, why it was easy to pitch", Coveleski recalled. "After all, the plate's a lot bigger than a tin can to throw at".[6] His baseball career in Shamokin was short-lived; after five games, Coveleski relocated to Lancaster, Pennsylvania.[6]

Philadelphia Athletics and minor leagues

Coveleski signed his first professional contract in 1909 with the minor league Lancaster Red Roses, a club affiliated with the Tri-State League. Originally reluctant to sign for the club, he only agreed to do so if his older brother John also joined; at that time he anglicized his name, changing it to Coveleskie, which it would remain throughout his professional career.[2] During his first trip to Lancaster, he recalled that it was "the first time I ever rode on a train", and he added that he "was too shy to eat in the hotel with the rest of the team".[7] In 272 innings of work his first season, Coveleski had a 23–11 win-loss record with an earned run average of 1.95.[8] He pitched two more seasons for Lancaster, earning a record of 53–38 in 109 appearances through three seasons.[7]

Lancaster Red Roses baseball team (team photo, 1909)
1909 Lancaster Red Roses; Stan Coveleski is standing fourth from left

In 1912, he pitched for the relocated Lancaster team, the Atlantic City Lanks, where he had a 20–14 record with a 2.53 ERA in 40 appearances, 30 of them starts.[8] In September 1912, manager Connie Mack signed him to a contract with the Philadelphia Athletics and brought him to the major leagues, where he made his debut for the Athletics on September 10. Coveleski pitched in five games for the Athletics that season, starting two of them and finishing the season with a 2–1 record and a 3.43 ERA.[9] After the season ended, Mack felt that Coveleski needed more seasoning, and sent him to the Spokane Indians of the Northwestern League.[2] Coveleski finished the 1913 season with a 17–20 record and a 2.82 ERA.[8] Around that time, he married Mary Stivetts, and the following season he went 20–15, pitched over 300 innings, and led the league in strikeouts.[2]

At the time of his debut, the Philadelphia club retained several talented pitchers, including Eddie Plank, Chief Bender, and Jack Coombs. Coveleski admitted that he "[didn't] know if I could have beat them out for a spot in the rotation."[10] After the 1914 season, the Portland Beavers of the Pacific Coast League wanted Coveleski, and traded five players to Spokane to acquire him.[2] While Connie Mack had an agreement with Spokane that Coveleski would be promoted after playing there for a time, the Athletics fell under new ownership in 1913 and lost control of him due to the Athletics' rights expiring.[11] Coveleski spent his time in Portland learning to throw the spitball; originally using chewing tobacco, he later used alum.[2] In his lone season with Portland, he won and lost 17 games, and had a 2.67 ERA.[8] After the season ended, the Cleveland Indians purchased Coveleski from Portland, and he joined the major league squad in 1916.[2]

Cleveland Indians

Stan Coveleski
with Cleveland in 1918

When Coveleski was brought up to the majors, the original intention was to use him as a relief pitcher. Due to an injury to Ed Klepfer, the Indians used him as a starter early on in the season, and kept him in the role when he performed well.[12] He was scheduled to pitch in the first week of the season against his brother Harry, but the matchup never took place at Harry's behest.[2] Coveleski fought health problems during the season, suffering from tonsillitis in the middle of the year and pitching one game with a fever of 102 °F (39 °C).[13] He finished the season with a 15–13 record and a 3.41 ERA in 45 games, 27 of them starts.[9] Coveleski had lost 10 pounds due to illness during 1916, but recovered during the offseason, gained 20 pounds, and appeared healthier by the time the season began.[14]

Stan Coveleskie (1922 baseball card)
Baseball card of Coveleski; he originally spelled his last name as Coveleskie.

Coveleski's status as the ace of the staff was demonstrated when he was named the starter for Opening Day of the 1917 season; he beat the Detroit Tigers 6–4 on April 11.[15] He improved statistically during the 1917 season, winning 19 games and losing 14 with an ERA of 1.81 and a career high 133 strikeouts.[9] On September 19, Coveleski pitched a one-hitter against the New York Yankees; the only hit came from Fritz Maisel in the seventh inning.[16] Coveleski continued to improve during the war-shortened 1918 season. His outings that year included pitching a complete game against the New York Yankees, where he pitched 19 innings, allowing two runs as the Indians won, 3–2.[17] He finished the season with a 22–13 record, a 1.82 ERA, and 311 innings pitched in 38 games, 33 of them starts; his wins and ERA were both second in the American League to Walter Johnson.[2][9] In 1919, Coveleski pitched in 43 games, starting 34, and had a 24–12 record and an ERA of 2.61.[9]

At the beginning of the 1920 season, the spitball was banned by Major League Baseball. As a current spitball pitcher, Coveleski was grandfathered in, and was allowed to continue using the pitch until his retirement.[10] He won his first seven starting appearances of the season, but on May 28, his wife died suddenly, and he was given some time off to mourn, returning to pitching two weeks later.[2] Nearly three months later, he was the starting pitcher against the New York Yankees on August 16. In the game, Coveleski hit a sacrifice fly to help the Indians win, 4–3, but it was best remembered as the game where Yankees pitcher Carl Mays hit Ray Chapman, leading to the only death in MLB history from a pitch.[18] He finished the 1920 regular season with 24 wins, 14 losses, a 2.49 ERA, and 133 strikeouts; he led the AL in strikeouts and finished second in ERA to Bob Shawkey.[9]

Coveleski's helped the Indians to win the AL pennant and play in the 1920 World Series against the Brooklyn Robins. Coveleski was the star of the 1920 World Series, in which he pitched three complete game victories. He pitched the first game against Rube Marquard, and allowed one run and five hits in a 3–1 Cleveland victory.[19] Four days later, he pitched game four, again allowing one run and five hits in a 5–1 win.[19] In game seven, the final one of the series, Coveleski threw a complete game shutout with five hits against fellow spitballer Burleigh Grimes; the 3–0 victory gave the Indians the first World Series championship in franchise history.[19] Coveleski had an ERA of 0.67, which remains a World Series record.[10]

After spending the offseason hunting with Smoky Joe Wood,[20] Coveleski returned to the Indians in 1921, and throughout the season, the Indians battled the Yankees for first in the American League. On September 26, the two teams faced off, but Coveleski failed to make it past the third inning; the Yankees won 8–7 to ensure they won the pennant.[21] Coveleski pitched 315 innings in 1921, matching his career high from the year before, and had a 23–13 record and a 3.37 ERA.[9] The following season, Coveleski married Frances Stivetts, the sister of his late wife.[2] While he did cause the Yankees to move out of first place after winning an August 23 game against them, 4–1,[22] it was his last game of the season. He finished the year with a 17–14 record, the first time since 1917 he did not have 20 wins, and a 3.32 ERA.[9]

Early on in the 1923 season, Coveleski pitched 27 straight scoreless innings, winning three consecutive games during that time.[23][24] However, he won less frequently as the season wore on, losing three straight games in mid-August. His last game came on August 15, with over a month left in the season.[24] Coveleski finished the season with a 13–14 record, his first season with a losing record. Despite that, he had an ERA of 2.76 and five shutouts, both of which led the AL.[9] In 1924, Coveleski struggled, and at the end of May, he had four losses and an ERA of 6.49.[25] By the end of the season, he had a 15–16 record and a 4.04 ERA.[9] In December 1924, after nine years pitching for Cleveland, Coveleski was traded to the Washington Senators for pitcher By Speece and outfielder Carr Smith.[9]

Despite Coveleski's success in Cleveland, he was not a fan of playing there; he stated that he "didn't like the town. Now the people are all right, but I just didn't like the town."[2] He also stated that it began to affect his performance on the mound, and that he began to get "lazy" from being with the club so long.[2] He did, however, have praise for his catcher: "The best thing that happened to me there was pitching to Steve O'Neill. He caught me for nine years in Cleveland and knew me so well he didn't even need to give me a sign".[10]

Washington Senators and New York Yankees

Due to the acquisition of Coveleski, combined with winning the 1924 World Series, the Washington Senators were considered favorites to win the AL in 1925.[26] During his first season in Washington, Coveleski bounced back from his 1924 season, and by mid-July, critics regarded his success as the biggest surprise in baseball; Cleveland considered him to be past his best.[27] He won 20 games and lost five that year, and his ERA of 2.84 led the AL.[2] Coveleski also finished 12th in MVP voting that year.[9] The Senators won the AL and were to face the Pittsburgh Pirates in the 1925 World Series, but Coveleski suffered from sore back muscles late in the season.[28] Coveleski pitched two games in the World Series. In game two, he faced Vic Aldridge in a pitcher's duel; the teams were tied at one apiece in the eighth inning, but a Pittsburgh home run led to a 3–2 loss.[29] Aldridge and Coveleski faced off again in game five, and Coveleski allowed four runs in under seven innings, leading to a 6–3 Pirates win.[30] The Senators lost the series in seven games, and he finished with a 3.77 ERA, five walks, three strikeouts, and two of the Senators' four losses.[9]

Coveleski continued to pitch for Washington during the 1926 season. His performances that season included a 2–0 victory against the Boston Red Sox on August 31, in which the game was finished in only 78 minutes.[31] Coveleski finished the season with 14 wins, 11 losses, 3 shutouts, and a 3.12 ERA in 36 games.[9] To start the 1927 season, due to an injury to Walter Johnson, Coveleski became the Senators' Opening Day starter against the Red Sox; he won the game 6–2.[32] However, his performance declined due to "a chronically sore arm", which limited his playing time that season.[33] Due to his sore arm, the Senators released him unconditionally on June 17, 1927.[2] He finished the season with a 2–1 record and a 3.14 ERA in five games.[9]

On December 21, 1927, Coveleski signed with the New York Yankees in an attempt at a comeback. In his final season, he posted a 5–1 record with a 5.74 ERA in 12 appearances.[33] Coveleski failed to regain his form, however, pitching his last game on August 3, and after the signing of Tom Zachary, manager Miller Huggins released Coveleski.[34] He retired from the game later that year.[9]

Later life and legacy

In 1929, after leaving major league baseball, Coveleski relocated to South Bend, Indiana. There, he ran Coveleski Service Station for a time, but closed the business during the Great Depression. He became a popular member of the community in South Bend, providing free pitching lessons to local youths in a field behind his garage.[35] After his playing career ended, he dropped the "e" at the end of his name, as he never corrected anyone if his last name was incorrectly spelled.[36] In 1969, Coveleski was named to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Veterans' Committee alongside 1920s pitcher Waite Hoyt. Of his introduction into the Hall he said, "I figured I'd make it sooner or later, and I just kept hoping each year would be the one."[2] His health declined in later years, and he was eventually admitted to a local nursing home, where he died on March 20, 1984 at the age of 94.[2]

In addition to Coveleski's induction into the Baseball Hall of Fame,[33] he was inducted into the National Polish-American Sports Hall of Fame in 1976.[37] In 1984, the minor league baseball stadium in South Bend, Indiana, was named in his honor.[35] Coveleski was interviewed by Lawrence Ritter for his 1966 book The Glory of Their Times, a series of interviews with players of the early 20th century.[2] To fellow ballplayers, Coveleski was considered "taciturn and ornery" on days when he was scheduled to pitch, but was otherwise friendly with a lively sense of humor.[2]

Coveleski had 216 wins and 142 losses with a 2.89 ERA in 450 games, 385 of them starts in a 14-year career. He had 224 complete games, 38 shutouts, 981 strikeouts, and pitched 3,082 total innings.[9] His control was highly regarded. He never considered himself a strikeout pitcher, and it was not unusual for him to pitch a complete game having thrown 95 pitches or less.[2] He once pitched seven innings of a game where every pitch was either a hit or a strike.[38] In 2001, baseball statistician Bill James ranked Coveleski 58th among the all-time greatest major league pitchers.[39]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Kashatus, pp. 9–10.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Levitt, Dan. "Stan Coveleski". The Baseball Biography Project. Society for American Baseball Research. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
  3. ^ "Three Coveleski Boys Sign". The Ogden Standard. February 8, 1909. p. 5.
  4. ^ "Harry Coveleski Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
  5. ^ a b Kashatus, p. 9.
  6. ^ a b c Kashatus, p. 10.
  7. ^ a b Kashatus, p. 44.
  8. ^ a b c d "Stan Coveleski Minor League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q "Stan Coveleski Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference. Retrieved April 9, 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d Kashatus, p. 86.
  11. ^ Macht, pp. 559–560
  12. ^ Bang, Ed (May 20, 1916). "Cleveland Still On Top" (PDF). Sporting Life. p. 8.
  13. ^ Nickerson, Herman (January 13, 1917). "Affairs in American League" (PDF). Sporting Life. p. 6.
  14. ^ Bang, Ed (January 27, 1917). "Cleveland Better Prepared in Case of a Player Strike Than Any Other Club" (PDF). Sporting Life. p. 7.
  15. ^ "The 1917 Cleveland Indians Game Log". Retrosheet. Retrieved May 5, 2012.
  16. ^ Schneider, p. 156.
  17. ^ "Cleveland Wins 19-Inning Game". The Spokesman-Review. May 25, 1918. p. 14.
  18. ^ Sowell, pp. 172–174.
  19. ^ a b c "1920 World Series". Retrieved May 27, 2012.
  20. ^ Sowell, p. 279.
  21. ^ "25,000 Crowd Polo Grounds For The Game". The Miami News. September 27, 1921. p. 9.
  22. ^ "Coveleskie Proves Too Much". Christian Science Monitor. August 24, 1922. p. 12.
  23. ^ "Coveleskie Gains Another Triumph". The New York Times. May 1, 1923.
  24. ^ a b "Stan Coveleski 1923 Pitching Gamelogs". Retrieved June 7, 2012.
  25. ^ "Stan Coveleski 1924 Pitching Gamelogs". Retrieved June 7, 2012.
  26. ^ "Senators and Yankees Favored to Cop Pennant". Reading Eagle. February 6, 1925. p. 24.
  27. ^ "Tight race in the Majors". Calgary Herald. July 20, 1925. p. 12.
  28. ^ "Senators and Pirates Are Evenly Matched for Series". Youngstown Vindicator. October 3, 1925. p. 11.
  29. ^ Thomas, pp. 275–276.
  30. ^ Thomas, p. 279.
  31. ^ "Cards Lead League Beat Pirates Two". The Owosso Argus-Press. September 1, 1926. p. 14.
  32. ^ Thomas, p. 293.
  33. ^ a b c Kashatus, p. 88.
  34. ^ "Yankees Sign Zachary and Release Covey". Rochester Evening Journal. August 24, 1928. p. 10.
  35. ^ a b Kashatus, p. 126.
  36. ^ Nemec, p. 98.
  37. ^ "Stan Coveleski". National Polish-American Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on June 16, 2012. Retrieved June 11, 2012.
  38. ^ Sowell, p. 99.
  39. ^ James, p. 882.


  • James, Bill (2001). The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-7432-2722-3.
  • Kashatus, William C. (2002). Diamonds in the Coalfields: 21 Remarkable Baseball Players, Managers, and Umpires from Northeast Pennsylvania. McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-1176-4.
  • Macht, Norman Lee (2007). Connie Mack and the Early Years of Baseball. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 978-0-8032-3263-1.
  • Nemec, David (1995). Players of Cooperstown: Baseball's Hall of Fame. Publications International. ISBN 978-0-7853-1438-7.
  • Schneider, Russell (2004). The Cleveland Indians Encyclopedia. Sports Publishing LLC. ISBN 978-1-58261-840-1.
  • Sowell, Mike (1989). The Pitch That Killed. Ivan R. Dee. ISBN 978-1-56663-551-6.
  • Thomas, Henry W. (1995). Walter Johnson: Baseball's Big Train. Bison Books. ISBN 978-0-8032-9433-2.

External links

1912 Philadelphia Athletics season

The 1912 Philadelphia Athletics season involved the A's finishing 3rd in the American League with a record of 90 wins and 62 losses.

1920 Brooklyn Robins season

The 1920 Brooklyn Robins, also known as the Dodgers, won 16 of their final 18 games to pull away from a tight pennant race and earn a trip to their second World Series against the Cleveland Indians. They lost the series in seven games.

The team featured four Hall of Famers: manager Wilbert Robinson, pitchers Burleigh Grimes and Rube Marquard, and outfielder Zack Wheat. Grimes anchored a pitching staff that allowed the fewest runs in the majors.

1920 Cleveland Indians season

The 1920 Cleveland Indians season was the 20th season in franchise history. The Indians won the American League pennant and proceeded to win their first World Series title in the history of the franchise. Pitchers Jim Bagby, Stan Coveleski and Ray Caldwell combined to win 75 games. Despite the team's success, the season was perhaps more indelibly marked by the death of starting shortstop Ray Chapman, who died after being hit by a pitch on August 17.

1920 World Series

In the 1920 World Series, the Cleveland Indians beat the Brooklyn Dodgers, then known interchangeably as the Robins in reference to their manager Wilbert Robinson, in seven games, five games to two. This series was a best-of-nine series, like the first World Series in 1903 and the World Series of 1919 and 1921. The only World Series triple play, the first World Series grand slam and the first World Series home run by a pitcher all occurred in Game 5 of this Series. The Indians won the series in memory of their former shortstop Ray Chapman, who had been killed earlier in the season when struck in the head by a pitched ball.

The triple play was unassisted and turned by Cleveland's Bill Wambsganss in Game 5. Wambsganss, playing second base, caught a line drive off the bat of Clarence Mitchell, stepped on second base to put out Pete Kilduff, and tagged Otto Miller coming from first base. It was the second of fifteen (as of 2016) unassisted triple plays in major-league baseball history, and it remains the only one in postseason play. Mitchell made history again in the eighth inning by hitting into a double play, accounting for five outs in two straight at-bats.

The fifth game also saw the first grand slam in World Series history (hit by Cleveland's Elmer Smith) and the first Series home run by a pitcher (Cleveland's Jim Bagby, Sr.). And in that same game, Brooklyn outhit Cleveland but lost 8–1.

Cleveland had won the American League pennant in a close race with the Chicago White Sox and the New York Yankees. The Sox's participation in the Black Sox Scandal the previous year had caught up to them late in the season, and their star players were suspended with three games left in the season, when they were in a virtual tie with the Indians. The Yankees, with their recently acquired star Babe Ruth, were almost ready to start their eventual World Series dynasty. For Cleveland, it would prove to be one of their few successes in a long history of largely either poor or not-quite-good enough clubs.

It is notable that all seven games of the 1920 World Series were won by the team who scored first. In fact, Game 4 was the only game in which the losing team scored a run before the winning team had scored all of its runs. The lead never changed hands in any game.

This would be the last World Series until 1980 to feature two franchises that had not previously won a championship.

1920 in baseball

The following are the baseball events of the year 1920 throughout the world.

1923 Major League Baseball season

The 1923 Major League Baseball season.

1925 Major League Baseball season

The 1925 Major League Baseball season.

1925 Washington Senators season

The 1925 Washington Senators won 96 games, lost 55, and finished in first place in the American League. Fueled by the excitement of winning their second AL pennant, the Senators led 3 games to 1 in the World Series before succumbing to the Pittsburgh Pirates.

1925 World Series

In the 1925 World Series, the Pittsburgh Pirates defeated the defending champion Washington Senators in seven games.

In a reversal of fortune on all counts from the previous 1924 World Series, when Washington's Walter Johnson had come back from two losses to win the seventh and deciding game, Johnson dominated in Games 1 and 4, but lost Game 7.

The Senators built up a 3–1 Series lead. After Pittsburgh won the next two games, Johnson again took the mound for Game 7, and carried a 6–4 lead into the bottom of the seventh inning. But errors by shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh in both the seventh and eighth innings led to four unearned runs, and the Pirates become the first team in a best-of-seven Series to overcome a 3–1 Series deficit to win the championship. Peckinpaugh, the Senators' regular shortstop and the 1925 American League Most Valuable Player, had a tough Series in the field, committing a record eight errors.

Playing conditions were of no help. The 1925 Series was postponed twice due to poor weather, and Game 7 was played in what soon became a steady downpour, described as "probably the worst conditions ever for a World Series game." Senators outfielder Goose Goslin reported that the fog prevented him from clearly seeing the infield during the last three innings of the game, and claimed that the Series-winning hit was actually a foul ball. In the next day's The New York Times, James Harrison wrote "In a grave of mud was buried Walter Johnson's ambition to join the select panel of pitchers who have won three victories in one World Series. With mud shackling his ankles and water running down his neck, the grand old man of baseball succumbed to weariness, a sore leg, wretched support and the most miserable weather conditions that ever confronted a pitcher."Twice in Game 7 the visiting Senators held leads of at least three runs over the Pirates but failed to hold them. In fact, after the top of the first inning, Washington led 4-0. Nevertheless, Pittsburgh eventually won the game, scoring three runs in the bottom of the eighth inning to turn a 6-7 deficit into a 9-7 lead. To date, the four-run deficit is the largest ever overcome in the seventh game of the World Series.

A memorable play occurred during the eighth inning of Game 3. The Senators' Sam Rice ran after an Earl Smith line drive hit into right center field. Rice made a diving "catch" into the temporary stands, but did not emerge with the ball for approximately fifteen seconds. The Pirates contested the play, saying a fan probably stuffed the ball into Rice's glove. The call stood and Rice parried questions about the incident for the rest of his life—never explicitly saying whether he had or had not really made the catch. His typical answer (including to Commissioner Landis, who said it was a good answer) was always "The umpire said I caught it." Rice left a sealed letter at the Hall of Fame to be opened after his death. In it, he had written: "At no time did I lose possession of the ball."

Writer Lamont Buchanan wrote, "In 1925, the Senators hopped the Big Train once too often... earning Bucky [Harris] the criticism of many fans and American League head [Ban] Johnson who dispatched an irate wire to the Senators manager." In his telegram, Ban Johnson accused the manager of failing to relieve Walter Johnson "for sentimental reasons." Despite the second-guessing, Harris always said, 'If I had it to do over again, I'd still pitch Johnson.'" Contrary to what Ron Darling claimed, this was Walter Johnson's last World Series. By the time the original Washington Senators next reached the Fall Classic in 1933---their last before they became the Minnesota Twins---Johnson had retired.

1926 Washington Senators season

The 1926 Washington Senators won 81 games, lost 69, and finished in fourth place in the American League. They were managed by Bucky Harris and played home games at Griffith Stadium.

1928 New York Yankees season

The New York Yankees' 1928 season was their 26th season. The team finished with a record of 101–53, winning their sixth pennant, finishing 2.5 games ahead of the Philadelphia Athletics. New York was managed by Miller Huggins. The Yankees played at Yankee Stadium. In the World Series, they swept the St. Louis Cardinals. Pitcher Urban Shocker died in September due to complications from pneumonia.

1969 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1969 followed the system reintroduced in 1968.

The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted once by mail to select from recent major league players and

elected two, Roy Campanella and Stan Musial.

The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider executives, managers, umpires, and earlier major league players.

It selected two players, Stan Coveleski and Waite Hoyt.

1984 Major League Baseball season

The 1984 Major League Baseball season started with a 9-game winning streak by eventual World Series champions Detroit Tigers who started the season with 35 wins and 5 losses and never relinquished the first place lead.

Cleveland Indians award winners and league leaders

This is a list of award winners and league leaders for the Cleveland Indians professional baseball team.

Four Winds Field at Coveleski Stadium

Four Winds Field at Coveleski Stadium is a baseball stadium in South Bend, Indiana, home to the South Bend Cubs, a minor league baseball team which plays in the Class-A Midwest League. The stadium opened in 1987, and its open concourse is considered the template for many later minor league ball parks built in the 1990s. It has a capacity of 5,000 spectators.

The park is named for Stan Coveleski, the hall of fame pitcher who once lived in South Bend. It is colloquially known as "The Cove".

Coveleski Stadium is located on South Street in downtown South Bend.

Harry Coveleski

Harry Frank Coveleski (April 23, 1886 – August 4, 1950) was a Major League Baseball pitcher with the Philadelphia Phillies, Cincinnati Reds, and Detroit Tigers.

Jim Perry (baseball)

James Evan Perry, Jr. (born October 30, 1935) is an American former Major League Baseball pitcher. He pitched from 1959–1975 for four teams. During a 17-year baseball career, Perry compiled 215 wins, 1,576 strikeouts, and a 3.45 earned run average.

Lancaster Red Roses

The Lancaster Red Roses baseball team, originally known as the Maroons, changed its name at the start of the 1906 season during a bitter match with the York, Pennsylvania-based White Roses. Some sources indicate that the rival teams were named for the opposing factions in England's historic Wars of the Roses. The Lancaster Red Roses played at Stumpf Field, which is still used today by local baseball and softball leagues.

List of Cleveland Indians Opening Day starting pitchers

The Cleveland Indians are a Major League Baseball (MLB) franchise based in Cleveland, Ohio. They play in the American League Central division. The first game of the new baseball season is played on Opening Day, and being named the starter that day is an honor, which is often given to the player who is expected to lead the pitching staff that season, though there are various strategic reasons why a team's best pitcher might not start on Opening Day. Since joining the league in 1901, the Indians have used 58 different Opening Day starting pitchers which includes the Opening Day starting pitchers from the Bluebirds and the Naps. They have a record of 58 wins and 54 losses in their Opening Day games.The Indians have played in three different home ball parks, League Park from 1901 through 1946, Cleveland Stadium from 1932 to 1993, and Progressive Field since 1994. From 1934 through 1946 some games were played at League Park and some at Cleveland Stadium. They had a record of 11 wins and 4 losses in Opening Day games at League Park, 9 wins and 13 losses at Cleveland Stadium and 2 wins and 4 losses at Progressive Field, for a total home record in Opening Day games of 22 wins and 21 losses. Their record in Opening Day away games is 35 wins and 35 losses.Bob Feller has the most Opening Day starts for the Indians, with seven. Stan Coveleski had six Opening Day starts for the Indians, Bob Lemon and CC Sabathia each had five Opening Day starts, and Addie Joss, Willie Mitchell, Gaylord Perry and Charles Nagy each had four. Several Baseball Hall of Famers have made Opening Day starts for the Indians, including Feller, Coveleski, Lemon, Joss, Gaylord Perry, Dennis Eckersley and Early Wynn. Brothers Jim Perry and Gaylord Perry each made Opening Day starts for the Indians. Jim Perry started on Opening Day in 1961 and Gaylord Perry made Opening Day starts in 1972, 1973, 1974 and 1975.The Indians have played in the World Series six times. They won in 1920 and 1948, and lost in 1954, 1995, 1997, and 2016. Coveleski was the Opening Day starting pitcher in 1920, Feller in 1948, Wynn in 1954, Dennis Martínez in 1995, Nagy in 1997, and Corey Kluber. The Indians are five and one in Opening Day games in those seasons, with the only loss coming in 2016. The Indians and the Toronto Blue Jays currently hold the record for the longest Opening Day game in Major League history. They set that record on Opening Day 2012, when the game lasted 16 innings. This broke the previous record of 15 innings between the Indians and the Detroit Tigers in 1960.

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