St. Albans (city), Vermont

St. Albans City[4] is the county seat[5] of Franklin County, Vermont, in the United States. At the 2010 census, the city population was 6,918. St Albans City is surrounded by "St. Albans Town", which is incorporated separately from the city of St. Albans. The city and county are part of the Burlington metropolitan area, although the city is in Franklin County, north of the metro area's most populous county, Chittenden County.

St. Albans City, Vermont
St. Albans Historic District
St. Albans Historic District
Official seal of St. Albans City, Vermont

Seal
Nickname(s): 
Railroad City of Vermont
Location in Franklin County and the state of Vermont.
Location in Franklin County and the state of Vermont.
St. Albans City, Vermont is located in the United States
St. Albans City, Vermont
St. Albans City, Vermont
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 44°48′35″N 73°5′14″W / 44.80972°N 73.08722°WCoordinates: 44°48′35″N 73°5′14″W / 44.80972°N 73.08722°W
CountryUnited States
StateVermont
CountyFranklin
Settled1783
Organized (town)1785
Incorporated (city)1902
Government
 • MayorElizabeth Gamache (D)
Area
 • Total2.03 sq mi (5.3 km2)
 • Land2.03 sq mi (5.3 km2)
Elevation
200 ft (61 m)
Population
 • Total6,918
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code
05478
Area code(s)802
FIPS code50-61675[1]
GNIS feature ID1462196[3]
Websitewww.stalbansvt.com

History

Main Street Looking North, St. Albans, VT
Main Street in 1909

One of the New Hampshire grants, St. Albans was chartered by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth on August 17, 1763 to Stephen Pomeroy and 63 others. Named after St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England, it was first settled during the Revolution by Jesse Welden. The war delayed further settlement until 1785, when many others began to arrive. Farmers found the rich, dark loam suitable for cultivation, as well as for the raising of cattle, horses and sheep. Butter and cheese were produced in great quantities.[6] St. Albans also became known as "Railroad City," home to a major depot, operations center and repair shop of the Vermont and Canada Railroad.[7] When the village was incorporated in 1859,[8] it had an iron foundry, a manufacturer of freight cars, and a large number of mechanic shops.[6]

The northernmost engagement of the Civil War, known as the St. Albans Raid, occurred here on October 19, 1864. In 1902, the City of St. Albans was incorporated, comprising two square miles (518 hectares) within the town of St. Albans. Today it is a tourist destination noted for its Victorian and Craftsman style architecture built during the railroad era, when over 200 trains a day passed through.[9] St. Albans is a research target for genealogists, as European immigrants heading for the United States would sometimes land in Canada at Halifax, Nova Scotia or Montreal, Quebec, then take a train through the border crossing here. The National Archives (NARA) lists for St. Albans cover the period 1895–1954.[10]

Culture

In late April St. Albans hosts the annual Vermont Maple Festival. The festival includes various food-related contests, as well as the Sap Run, a footrace from Swanton, 8.2 mi (13.2 km) to the north.[11] It is home to the Vermont Voltage, a semi-professional men's soccer team.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.3 km2), all land. The city is surrounded by the town of St. Albans, with its lush farmland across gently rolling hills. The city is drained by Stevens Brook.

St. Albans is crossed by Interstate 89, U.S. Route 7, as well as Vermont Route 36, 38, 104 and 105. It is about 15 miles (24 km) from Vermont's border with Quebec.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
19006,239
19106,3812.3%
19207,58818.9%
19308,0205.7%
19408,0370.2%
19508,5526.4%
19608,8063.0%
19708,082−8.2%
19807,308−9.6%
19907,3390.4%
20007,6504.2%
20106,918−9.6%
Est. 20146,860[12]−0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

At the 2010 census,[1] there were 6,918 people. In the 2000 census there were 7,650 people, 3,235 households and 1,937 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,768.2 per square mile (1,455.0/km2). There were 3,376 housing units at an average density of 1,662.9 per square mile (642.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.87% White, 0.39% Black or African American, 1.20% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.45% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. 0.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,235 households of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.1% were non-families. 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.97.

Age distribution was 25.6% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.2 males.

Government

Church Street, St. Albans, VT
Church Street in 1909

St. Albans is governed via a mayor, a city manager and city council. The city council consists of six members, each elected from an individual ward. The mayor is elected by citywide vote.

Economy

Personal income

In the 2010 census, the median household income was $37,221, and the median family income was $44,286. Males had a median income of $31,340 versus $23,262 for females. The city's per capita income was $17,853. About 8.5% of families and 9.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.2% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

Industry

The USCIS has a service center in St. Albans. The city also has a thriving industrial park with manufacturing branches for companies including Ben & Jerry's, Mylan, NECR, Barry Callebaut, and others.

Infrastructure

Health care

The Northwestern Medical Center is a hospital serving the city and the Franklin County area.

Railways

St. Albans station 1910 postcard
Central Vermont Railroad Station

Saint Albans is the northern terminus of the Vermonter, an all-coach train operated by Amtrak, the national passenger rail system. The train operates daily between Saint Albans and Washington, D.C.

The train formerly continued from Saint Albans to Montreal and was named the Montrealer, but that connection was discontinued.

Education

St. Albans is home to St. Albans City School, an elementary school for students in kindergarten through eighth grade, and Bellows Free Academy, St. Albans, a public high school serving students from many towns in the southern half of Franklin Country.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ [1], United States Census Bureau, 2008 [?]. Accessed 2009-01-07.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ Title 24, Part I, Chapter 1, §7, Vermont Statutes. Accessed 2007-11-01.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ a b Austin J. Coolidge & John B. Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
  7. ^ "St. Albans, Vermont, New England, USA". www.virtualvermont.com.
  8. ^ Trade, St Albans Board of (18 June 1889). "Advantages, Resources and Attractions of St. Albans, Vt: Its Location, Railroad Facilities, Churches, Schools, Literary and Social Life ; Industries and Institutions; and General Features". Pub. for the Board of trade – via Google Books.
  9. ^ "STA museum - Everyday life of the Romans". www.stamuseum.com.
  10. ^ Holden, Cindy. "St. Albans Lists". freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com.
  11. ^ "Vermont Maple Festival". Vermont Maple Festival. Retrieved 2009-08-01.
  12. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2015.

External links

Central Vermont Railroad Headquarters

The Central Vermont Railroad Headquarters is a complex of railroad-related buildings and infrastructure in the city of St. Albans, Vermont. Developed between the 1860s and 1920s by the Central Vermont Railroad (CVR), the complex is the largest assemblage of railroad-related buildings in Vermont. Located between Catherine and Pine Streets on either side of Lake Street, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. Many of the buildings are no longer used for railroad functions, but the former Central Vermont Railway Office now houses the offices of the New England Central Railroad, and the present Amtrak station uses a former CVR building.

Collins-Perley Sports Complex

Collins Perley Sports & Fitness Center is an athletic facility in St. Albans, Vermont. It was opened in 1985 and is the current home of the Vermont Voltage, and Bellows Free Academy, St. Albans athletics.

Dustin Allard Degree

Dustin Allard Degree (born February 12, 1985) is a politician from the city of St. Albans in the U.S. state of Vermont. A Republican, he represented St. Albans in the Vermont General Assembly during the 2011-2012 biennial session. Degree graduated from Bellows Free Academy, St. Albans, in 2003 and attended Norwich University and the University of Vermont. He previously worked in the office of Governor Jim Douglas.

In June 2010, Degree left his job in the governor's office to run for the Vermont House of Representatives, seeking the Franklin-3 District seat in the General Assembly to represent St. Albans City. He cited fiscal responsibility and the need to provide more opportunities to young Vermonters as his top priorities during the campaign.On November 2, 2010, Degree defeated one-term incumbent State Representative Jeff Young by 243 votes to secure one of the two seats in the district. When he took office on January 5, 2011, at 25 years old, he was the second youngest member of the Vermont General Assembly and the youngest Republican serving in the Legislature. Degree was also the principal in the St. Albans consulting company Champlain Strategies, LLC.In 2012, Degree ran for the State Senate; he won a nomination for one of Franklin County's two seats. In the general election, he was defeated by only 34 votes, a result which was confirmed by a recount.Degree ran again in 2014; in November, he won election to one of Franklin County's two seats.In 2016, Degree was reelected to a second term. In January 2017, the Republican members of the State Senate chose him to serve as minority leader.Degree resigned from the Senate in November 2017 in order to join the administration of Governor Phil Scott as special assistant to the governor and executive director of workforce expansion.In December 2017, Scott announced that he had appointed Randy Brock to fill the Senate vacancy caused by Degree's resignation.

Elbert S. Brigham

Elbert Sidney Brigham (October 19, 1877 – July 5, 1962) was a U.S. Representative from Vermont.

Fairfield Street School

The Fairfield Street School is a historic school building at 78 Fairfield Street in the city of St. Albans, Vermont. Built in 1911, it served as a school until 1970, and is now converted into residential use. It is a prominent local example of Colonial Revival architecture, designed by Burlington architect Frank Lyman Austin. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1996.

Franklin-3 Vermont Representative District, 2002–12

The Franklin-3 Representative District is a two-member state Representative district in the U.S. state of Vermont. It is one of the 108 one or two member districts into which the state was divided by the redistricting and reapportionment plan developed by the Vermont General Assembly following the 2000 U.S. Census. The plan applies to legislatures elected in 2002, 2004, 2006, 2008, and 2010. A new plan will be developed in 2012 following the 2010 U.S. Census.

The Franklin-3 District includes all of the Franklin County city of St. Albans.

As of the 2000 census, the state as a whole had a population of 608,827. As there are a total of 150 representatives, there were 4,059 residents per representative (or 8,118 residents per two representatives). The two member Franklin-3 District had a population of 7,650 in that same census, 5.76% below the state average.

Giroux Furniture Company Building

The Giroux Furniture Company Building is a historic commercial building at 10-18 Catherine Street in the city of St. Albans, Vermont. Built in two parts (1896 and 1905), it is a reminder of the city's railroad-related history, and served for many years as an enduring commercial presence. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.

Hathaway's Tavern

Hathaway's Tavern is a historic public accommodation at 255 North Main Street in the city of St. Albans, Vermont, United States. Built in 1793, it is the city's oldest surviving building, and was briefly used as the seat of the Franklin County government. A private residence since 1805, it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.

Houghton House (St. Albans, Vermont)

The Houghton House is a historic house at 86 South Main Street in the city of St. Albans, Vermont. Built about 1800, with an interior dating to 1829-30, it is a fine and little-altered local example of transitional Georgian-Federal styling, and is one of the city's oldest surviving buildings. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972. It presently houses a funeral home.

L'Ecole Saintes-Anges

The L'Ecole Saintes-Anges, or the Holy Angels Convent in English, is a historic religious and educational building at 247 Lake Street in the city of St. Albans, Vermont. Built in 1899, it is a prominent local example of Romanesque Revival architecture, and served historically as a significant cultural center for the local French Canadian immigrant population. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. The building has been readapted for residential use.

List of people from St. Albans (city), Vermont

The following list includes notable people who were born or have lived in the U.S. city of St. Albans, Vermont.

St. Albans, Vermont

St. Albans, Vermont may refer to:

St. Albans (town), Vermont, established 1763, a town in Franklin County, Vermont, U.S.

St. Albans (city), Vermont, established 1902, a city in Franklin County, Vermont, U.S.

St. Albans Historic District

The St. Albans Historic District encompasses most of the historic commercial core of the city of St. Albans, Vermont. The district includes the historic town common (Taylor Park), which acts as its focal center, and commercial and civic architecture dating from the early 19th to early 20th centuries. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.

St. Albans Messenger

The St. Albans Messenger is a newspaper published in St. Albans, Vermont. The newspaper is distributed throughout Franklin County and Northwestern Vermont.

St. Albans station (Vermont)

St. Albans station is an Amtrak train station in St. Albans, Vermont, United States. It is the northern terminus of the daily Vermonter service.

Service to St. Albans on the Vermont Central Railroad began in 1851. A new station with a large trainshed and an adjacent office building were completed in 1867 as part of major construction of the railroad's main shops. Service under the Central Vermont Railway (later part of the Grand Trunk Railway and Canadian National Railway continued until 1966; the station was demolished in 1963. Amtrak service resumed in 1972 using a former switch house as a station building. The station has been served by the Montrealer from 1972 to 1987 and 1989 to 1995, and by the Vermonter since 1995.

The office building is used as the headquarters of the New England Central Railroad, successor of the Central Vermont. The office building and current station building are part of the Central Vermont Railroad Headquarters, which was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.

United States Post Office and Custom House (St. Albans, Vermont)

The United States Post Office and Custom House is a historic government building at 40 South Main Street in the city of St. Albans, Vermont. Built in 1938, and still in use housing federal offices, it is an enduring presence of the federal government in the city. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2017.

Warner Home

The Warner Home is a historic orphanage building at 133 High Street in the city of St. Albans, Vermont. It was built in 1902, and was one of the region's major orphanages. It was converted to conventional residential use in 1987, and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places for its social significance and fine Colonial Revival architecture in 1988.

Willard Manufacturing Company Building

The Willard Manufacturing Company Building is a historic factory building at 25 Stowell Street in the city of St. Albans, Vermont. Built in 1896, the building saw industrial uses continuously until 2006, retaining many original early period features. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2006.

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