Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte

Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte , commonly known as Kotte (/ˈkoʊteɪ/), is the official, administrative capital of Sri Lanka.[2] Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is a satellite city and within the urban area of Sri Lanka's de-facto economic and legislative capital, Colombo. Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte Municipal Council area is bounded in

  • the North by Kolonnawa Urban Council area,
  • the North-East by the Kotikawatta–Mulleriyawa Pradeshiya Sabha area,
  • the East by the Kaduwela Municipal Council area,
  • the South-East by the Maharagama Urban Council area,
  • the South-West by the Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia Municipal Council and
  • the West by the Colombo Municipal Council area, which is the commercial capital of Sri Lanka.
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte

ශ්‍රී ජයවර්ධනපුර කෝට්ටේ
ஶ்ரீ ஜெயவர்த்தனபுர கோட்டே
Colombo Metropolitan Region
Diyatha Uyana
Diyatha Uyana
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is located in Colombo District
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is located in Sri Lanka
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is located in Asia
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Coordinates: 6°55′N 79°55′E / 6.917°N 79.917°E
CountrySri Lanka
ProvinceWestern Province
DistrictColombo District
Government
 • MayorMadura Vithanage (Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna)
Area
 • Administrative Capital17 km2 (7 sq mi)
Population
(2001)[1]
 • Administrative Capital115,826
 • Density3,305/km2 (8,560/sq mi)
 • Metro
2,234,289
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (SLST)
Postal code
10100
Area code(s)011
Websitewww.kotte.mc.gov.lk

History

Map of Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte (1557 -1565)
Map of Kotte (1557-1565)

The village of Darugama lay at the confluence of two streams, the Diyawanna Oya and the Kolonnawa Oya. As Darugama was a naturally secure place, it was not easy for enemies to enter it. Here, in the 13th century, a chieftain named Nissanka Alagakkonara built a Kotte (meaning fortress)

Alagakkonara is mentioned by Ibn Batuta as ruling in Kurunegala, but other sources indicate that he was the Bandara (Guardian) of Raigama Korale (county) in the modern Kalutara District. Arya Chakravarthy's army was held by Alagakkonara in front of Kotte, while he defeated the enemy's invasion fleet at Panadura to the south-west.[3]

Kotte was a jala durgha (water fortress), in the shape of a triangle, with the Diyawanna Oya and Kolonnawa Oya marshes forming two long sides; along the shorter third (land) side a large moat (the 'inner moat') was dug. The fortress was nearly 2.5 km2 (0.97 sq mi) in area, fortified with ramparts of kabook or laterite rock, 2.5 metres (8 ft 2 in) high and 10.7 metres (35 ft) in breadth.[4]

In 1391, following the conquest of the Jaffna Kingdom by Prince Sapumal (Sembahap Perumal), Kotte was given the epithet 'Sri Jayawardhanapura' ('resplendent city of growing victory'). It became the capital of the ancient Kingdom of Kotte, which it remained until the end of the 16th century.

From the ramparts to the magnificent three storied buildings that housed the Kings Palace, Laterite and clay were the main raw material used in its construction. One of the places from which the laterite blocks were mined can be seen even today inside the premises of Ananda Sasthralaya (a local school).

The main features of the capital city were [4]-

  • The King's palace, with walls of quartz that sparkle in the moonlight (candrakanta pasana) and a golden spire, with beautiful flower gardens and springs of water.[5]
  • The three-storeyed Dalada Maligawa with Buddha's sacred tooth relic in it (Temple of the tooth)
  • The five-storeyed "Arama" where sixty Buddhist Bhikkus resided, with a Sangha Raja(a high priest)as the chief incumbent.
  • The King's Treasure House
  • The 'Kotavehara' at Baddagana, the only Buddhist temple of the city outside the moat and rampart.
  • The Royal cemetery at Beddagana (Veherakanda memorial)
  • The 'Angampitiya', the military parade and training ground just inside the inner moat.

The Portuguese arrived on the island in 1505 and were initially welcomed by the king. But they had militaristic and monopolistic intentions and gained control of the city by 1565. Failing to withstand repeated assaults by the forces of the neighbouring kingdom of Sitawaka, the city was abandoned by the Portuguese, who made Colombo their new capital.[6]

Like similar cities of that era, Sri Jayawardhanapura was built with security in mind. A rampart and moat protected the entire city. Traces of this moat and rampart are still visible today at certain places. Along parts of the rampart, encroachers have now built houses, garages and even toilets.

The urbanisation of Kotte restarted in the 19th century. The archaeological remains were torn up and used as building materials (a process that continues) — some of it even ending up in the Victoria Bridge, across the Kelani River.

Legislature

The New Parliament was inaugurated on 29 April 1982. The buildings were built on reclaimed land, after a massive lake was formed by dredging the marshlands around the Diyawanna Oya. The new parliamentary buildings were built on Duwa, a 50,000 square metre (12 acre) island in the centre of the lake. The island (off Baddegana Road, Pita Kotte) had been used as a recreation and brawling spot for Portuguese soldiers in the last days of the Kotte era, alcohol being banned from the Royal City. It had belonged to E. W. Perera and had housed a chicken farm prior to being vested in the state. On 29 April 1982, the new parliamentary complex was declared open by the former president J. R. Jayewardene.

The process of relocating government institutions from the former capital of Colombo is still in progress.

Municipal structure [7]

Colombo 79.87379E 6.92710N
Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is located at the south east of Colombo.

The Kotte Urban Development Council was created in the 1930s, with a modern building at Rajagiriya. It was succeeded by the Kotte Urban Council, which had a large section of its area removed and tagged onto the Colombo Municipal Council ward of Borella while the Battaramulla urban council was dissolved and a small section of Battaramulla tagged onto the Kotte Urban Council. The Kotte Urban Council became the Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Municipal Council in 1997, with Chandra Silva as the first Mayor.

There are 20 Members of the Municipal Council (MMCs), elected on proportional representation. There are 18 wards, but these are now merely polling divisions, without individual representation.

Zones

Wards

Ward No Ward Name
01 Obesekarapura
02 Moragasmulla
03 Meda Welikada
04 Rajagiriya
05 Bandaranayakapura
06 Nawala West
07 Koswatta
08 Ethulkotte
09 Pitakotte East
10 Pitakotte
11 Pitakotte West
12 Nawala East
13 Nugegoda West
14 Pagoda North
15 Gangodavila East
16 Pagoda South
17 Nugegoda East
18 Gangodavila West

Grama Niladhari Division

Division No Division Name
514 Welikada East
514A Welikada West
514B Rajagiriya
514C Obesekarapura
514D Welikada North
519 Nugegoda
519A Pagoda
519B Nugegoda West
519C Pagoda East
520 Nawala West
520A Koswatte
520B Nawala East
521 Ethul Kotte
521A Ethul Kotte West
522 Pitakotte West
522A Pitakotte East
522B Pitakotte
526 Gangodavila North
526A Gangodavila South
526C Gangodavila East

Demographics

Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte is a multi-ethnic, multi-religious urban centre. According to the census of 2012 the demographics by ethnicity and religion is as follows:

Religious & Ethnic Identification in Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte [9] [10]
2012 Percentage
Buddhist 82,841 77.06%
Roman Catholic 7,827 7.28%
Muslim 6,772 6.30%
Other Christian 5,040 4.69%
Hindu 4,864 4.52%
Other 164 0.15%
Total 107,508 100.00%
Sinhalese 91,268 84.89%
Sri Lankan Tamil 7,503 6.98%
Sri Lankan Moor 5,207 4.84%
Burgher 1,049 0.98%
Other 840 0.78%
Indian Tamil 801 0.75%
Malay 710 0.66%
Sri Lankan Chetty 72 0.07%
Baratha 58 0.05%
Total 107,508 100.00%

Infrastructure

HSBC Group Service Center, Rajagiriya
The HSBC Service Center
The Parliament of Sri Lanka
The Parliament of Sri Lanka situated in Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte

Transport

The only main railway station is at Nugegoda, on the Kelani Valley Line . Also at Nugegoda is the main bus terminus. There is subsidiary bus stands at Pita Kotte. This urban area is well served by buses and there is a CTB bus depot at Udahamulla.

In 2005, a Passenger boat service was being finalised and would commence adjacent to Parliament Junction at Bataramulla and end at the Wellawatte canal near Marine drive. Each journey would take around 30 minutes. It would have stations at the Kotte Marsh, Nawala, Open University, Apollo Hospital, Duplication road, Wellawatte and at St Peter's College, Colombo.[11] The Sri Lanka Navy is currently conducting a pilot project between the Open University and Wellawatte.

Health

The main hospital of area situated at Madivela known as Sri Jayawardenapura Hospital is a gift from the Japanese government. There is a dedicated Eye & ENT hospital at Rajagiriya, and another maternity hospital under construction in Nawala. A small private health centre, the Blue Cross Hospital at Rajagiriya, provides basic facilities for medical diagnostics, and there is a small nursing home in Park Lane, Welikada, much patronised by Maldivians.

Education

There are a number of State and Private Schools in Kotte. They are either "National schools" (run by the central government; Main School President's College, Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte), "Government schools" (run by the Provincial Councils), Semi-government/Private schools, or International schools (run by trusts and individuals; Gateway College Colombo is an example of the latter class of school).

The oldest English School on the island is Sri Jayawardenepura Maha Vidyalaya, formerly known as Christian College, located in Pita Kotte. The Ananda Sastralaya at Pita Kotte is the oldest Buddhist school in the city, and Anula Vidyalaya, Nugegoda is the biggest Buddhist girls school in South Asia, with over 5000 students.

The Education Ministry as well as the Department of Examinations is based in Kotte.

A considerable number of the students living within the zone study at government owned colleges and International schools in Colombo.

Located at Nawala is the Open University, Sri Lanka, and at Nugegoda is the University of Sri Jayewardenepura. Public Libraries are conveniently located, and can be found at Nugegoda and Rajagiriya.

Climate

Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte features a tropical rainforest climate (Köppen: Af) more subject to the Intertropical Convergence Zone than the trade winds. Since there are a few cyclones, the climate is not purely equatorial but subequatorial, with little variation in temperatures throughout the course of the year. The city does feature wetter and drier months, with February on average being its driest month, seeing on average 63 mm (2.5 in) of precipitation. However, since none of the average monthly precipitation falls below 60 mm (2.4 in), Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte falls under the tropical rainforest climate category.

Sports and recreation

Fountain at Diyatha Uyana
Diyatha Uyana

Cricket is the most popular sport in this urban area as well as the country and is usually played in the grounds around the city.

Association football was at one time the most popular sport in the Colombo area, although it was eclipsed by cricket after 1980. Four separate football clubs (Lido, Welikada Progress, Welikada Red Star and Welikada United) once used the EW Perera Park grounds at Welikada, Rajagiriya where a pavilion was constructed in the 1970s. However, when the grounds were destroyed by the JR Jayawardene regime in the late 1970s, the football clubs disappeared. Football continued to be played at the grounds at Obeysekerapura in Rajagiriya.

In the 1990s the Kotte Municipal Council constructed the Chandra Silva Stadium, to replace the EW Perera Grounds. Part of the grounds was sold and later used to construct the HSBC building. In 2007 the Municipality, with aid from the Ministry of Urban Development, completed the first stage of the new Chandra Silva Stadium on the site of a rubbish dump behind the HSBC building.

Recently, football has once more grown in popularity, and the sport now has a considerable following. The football association's new training facility at Kotte is aimed at harnessing and developing the available talent and organizing the individual players into a cohesive team. It includes a football playground with a sprinkler system, gym and a host of other facilities.[14]

Other sports are mostly played in the numerous clubs and gyms, and include tennis, squash, billiards, horse riding, indoor cricket, badminton and table tennis. Horse riding can be pursued at the Premadasa Riding School in Nugegoda.

Coordinates: 6°54′39″N 79°53′16.21″E / 6.91083°N 79.8878361°E

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "The Administrative Capital of Sri Lanka since 1982 is Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte". Official Sri Lanka government website. Archived from the original on 2014-12-20. Retrieved 2015-01-07.
  3. ^ "Sri Lanka: A Country Study". Russell R. Ross and Andrea Matles Savada. Retrieved 2007-02-26.
  4. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-12. Retrieved 2009-01-30.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Edmund Jayasuriya (Tr), sälaḷihini sandeśa of Toṭagamuve Srī Rāhula Thera, Colombo: Central Cultural Fund, 2002, ISBN 955-613-144-2
  6. ^ "European encroachment and dominance". U.S. Library of Congress. Archived from the original on 2006-10-05. Retrieved 2007-02-26.
  7. ^ "Sri Jayawardanapura Kotte Municipal Council - Colombo District".
  8. ^ "Ward Map of Sri Jayawardanapura Kotte Municipal Council - Colombo District" (PDF).
  9. ^ "Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka - Population by ethnicity and district according to Divisional Secretary's Division, 2012".
  10. ^ "Department of Census and Statistics Sri Lanka - Population by divisional secretariat division, religion and sex- 2012" (PDF).
  11. ^ "Canal transport to ease traffic pile up". Chanuka Mannapperuma. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2005-07-10.
  12. ^ "Weather Forecast Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte: Averages (1961-1990)". Free Meteo. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
  13. ^ "Kotte, Sri Lanka Travel Weather Averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2013-08-05.
  14. ^ "National training centre for Football at Beddegana". Sri Lanka Football. Archived from the original on 2006-11-17. Retrieved 2007-02-26.

External links

Alakeshwara Archaeological Site

Alakeshwara Archaeological Site (also known as Alakeshwara Maligaya or Alakeshwara Sohona) is a historical site with archaeological ruins, situated in Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, Western province, Sri Lanka. The site has been formally recognised by the Government as an archaeological protected monument in Sri Lanka.The site consists of two rectangular shaped building foundations, built out of Kabok stones. The two foundations are located close to each other and assumed to be the palace ruins of King Nissanka Alagakkonara (Alakeshwara), who was a minister of King Vikramabahu III of Gampola.

The larger foundation is about 12 m (39 ft) length and 5.6 m (18 ft) wide while the smaller square foundation has a length and width of 6.6 m (22 ft). Architectural features and the artifacts found from the site, such as grinding stones and water filters collaborate the assumption that the site is the palace of Alakeshwara. However this site is also known as the mausoleum (tomb) of Alakeshwara, but there is no conclusive evidence to substantiate this claim.

Capital of Sri Lanka

The current capital of Sri Lanka is Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte. In the course of history, the national capital has been in many locations other than Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte.

Diyawanna Lake

Diyawanna Lake (Sinhala: දියවන්නා ඔය, Tamil: தியவன்ன ஓயா) or Parliament Lake, is one of the lakes within Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, Sri Lanka.

It is quite popular as the Sri Lankan Parliament Building was built on an artificial island at the center of the lake. The Diyatha Uyana park is also located on the banks of this lake.

Government of Sri Lanka

The Government of Sri Lanka (GoSL) (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා රජය Śrī Laṃkā Rajaya) is a semi-presidential system determined by the Sri Lankan Constitution. It administers the island from both its commercial capital of Colombo and the administrative capital of Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte.

Jinadasa Niyathapala

Polthutuwe Arachchige Jinadasa Niyathapala (Sinhala: පොල්තුටුවේ ආරච්චිගේ ජිනදාස නියතපාල) (11 April 1929 – 29 January 2018) was a veteran Sri Lankan politician and a former member and Senator of the Parliament of Sri Lanka and former General Secretary of the United National Party. A section of the Nawala Road was renamed as the Jinadasa Niyathapala Mawatha in recognition of services rendered by Niyathapala to Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte.

Kotte Divisional Secretariat

SRI JAYAWARDHANAPURA KOTTE Divisional secretariat within Colombo District in the Western province, is larger than Dehiwala, Rathmalana and Moratuwa Divisional Secretariats. The total extent utilized lands in Gramaniladhari divisions is about 1523 hectares. It consists of 20 GS divisions bounded on Kolonnawa and Kaduwela Divisional secretariats by north and east, Maharagama and Thimbirigasyaya Divisional Secretariats by south and west. This area is to be considered as Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte Municipal council area as well.

So that , this area is highly urbanized due to some factors like being a main administrative capital ,parliament complex and especially suburban area in the Colombo city. It has become highly populated with the developed road network and sufficient infrastructure facilities.

It is very clear the Economic system of the area is basically focused on service sector. Accordingly , main professions of major population in the area base on service sector. In addition , clear development can be seen in the industrial sector. People who engage in the agriculture, are in minor population and part time farmers are more than full time farmers of that population.

Role performed at DS

Kotte Divisional Secretariat is a Divisional Secretariat of Colombo District, of Western Province, Sri Lanka.

Madiwela Housing Complex

Madiwela Housing Complex in the suburb of Madiwela, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is a housing scheme owned and maintained by the Parliament of Sri Lanka for the use of Members of Parliament (MPs) from out side Colombo.Until the 1980s, MPs from outlying regions of the island lodged at Srawasthi Mandiraya in central Colombo. The Madiwela Housing Complex was built with 120 housing units for Members of Parliament and their families for the duration of their term in office. The Madiwela Housing Complex was completed in 1994. In 2014 the government decided to construct a high-rise residential tower at a 1.0 ha (2.5 acres) site near the Sri Jayewardenepura Teaching Hospital in Thalapathpitiya, at a cost of Rs 6B, to replace the aging housing at Madiwela.

National War Memorial, Colombo

The National War Memorial in front of the Parliament complex is dedicated to all military personal killed since World War I and police personal killed due to militancy.

An annual ceremony to commemorate the velour and gallantry of War Heroes is held at the site on Remembrance Day of May.

Nayana Fernando

Nayana Fernando (full name Palamandadige Nayana Priyanjana Fernando; born 14 October 1988) in Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte is a Sri Lankan cricketer. He is a right-handed batsman and right-arm bowler who plays for Moratuwa Sports Club. He was born in Panadura.

Fernando, who has played with Moratuwa Under-23s since 2007, made his List A debut during the 2009-10 season, against Police Sports Club, scoring 26 runs in his debut innings, though he followed this up with a golden duck in his next match.

Nipuna Gamage

Nipuna Gamage (born 21 December 1995) is a Sri Lankan cricketer. He made his List A debut for Polonnaruwa District in the 2016–17 Districts One Day Tournament on 18 March 2017. He made his Twenty20 debut for Kalutara Town Club in the 2017–18 SLC Twenty20 Tournament on 25 February 2018.

President's College, Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte

The President's College is a boys' national school in Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte, Sri Lanka. Founded on 4 February 1978, its inauguration was the first official act carried out by President J. R. Jayewardene.

Sanitha de Mel

Sanitha de Mel (born 15 November 1992) is a Sri Lankan cricketer. He made his first-class debut for Colts Cricket Club in the 2010–11 Premier Trophy on 29 April 2011.

Speaker's Residence, Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte

The Speaker's Residence is the official residence of the Speaker of the Parliament of Sri Lanka, located in Sri Jayawardenapura-Kotte, Sri Lanka. The current residence was built in 2000 in close proximity to the Parliament Complex.

Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte Municipal Council

The Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte Municipal Council is the local council for Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte, is the administrative city of Sri Lanka. The council was first formed as Kotte Urban Development Council which was established in the 1930s and the council became Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte Municipal Council in 1997, Chandra Silva was elected as the first mayor.Sri Jayawardenapura Kotte Municipal Council area is bounded in the

North by Kolonnawa Urban Council area

North-East by Kotikawatta – Mulleriyawa Pradeshiya Sabha area

East by Kaduwela Municipal Council area

South-East by Maharagama Urban Council area

South-West by Dehiwala-Mount Lavinia Municipal Council are

West by Colombo Municipal Council area

Sri Jayawardenepura Maha Vidyalaya

Sri Jayawardenepura Maha Vidyalaya is a government school in Kotte, Sri Lanka.

Sri Lankan Parliament Building

The Sri Lankan Parliament Complex (also known as the New Parliament Complex) is a public building and landmark that houses the Parliament of Sri Lanka. Situated in Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, the administrative capital, it is built on an island, surrounded by the Diyawanna Oya. It was designed by Deshamanya Geoffrey Bawa.

Tharindu Karunaratne

Tharindu Karunaratne (born 1 September 1994) is a Sri Lankan cricketer. He made his first-class debut for Bloomfield Cricket and Athletic Club in the 2016–17 Premier League Tournament on 9 December 2016. He made his Twenty20 debut for Bloomfield Cricket and Athletic Club in the 2018–19 SLC Twenty20 Tournament on 15 February 2019. He made his List A debut for Bloomfield Cricket and Athletic Club in the 2018–19 Premier Limited Overs Tournament on 4 March 2019.

Umesh Karunaratne

Umesh Karunaratne (born 19 January 1989) is a Sri Lankan first-class cricketer. He was part of Sri Lanka's squad for the 2008 Under-19 Cricket World Cup.

Vidura College, Nawala

Vidura College – Colombo is a private English medium school in Colombo, Sri Lanka. Its current principal is D.G. Sumanasekera.

Climate data for Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
31.2
(88.2)
31.7
(89.1)
31.8
(89.2)
31.1
(88.0)
30.4
(86.7)
30.0
(86.0)
30.0
(86.0)
30.3
(86.5)
30.0
(86.0)
30.2
(86.4)
30.4
(86.7)
30.7
(87.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.6
(79.9)
26.9
(80.4)
27.7
(81.9)
28.2
(82.8)
28.3
(82.9)
27.9
(82.2)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.5
(81.5)
27.0
(80.6)
26.7
(80.1)
26.6
(79.9)
27.4
(81.3)
Average low °C (°F) 22.3
(72.1)
22.7
(72.9)
23.7
(74.7)
24.6
(76.3)
25.5
(77.9)
25.5
(77.9)
25.1
(77.2)
25.2
(77.4)
24.8
(76.6)
24.0
(75.2)
23.2
(73.8)
22.8
(73.0)
24.1
(75.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 85
(3.3)
63
(2.5)
112
(4.4)
252
(9.9)
335
(13.2)
195
(7.7)
130
(5.1)
95
(3.7)
165
(6.5)
358
(14.1)
309
(12.2)
153
(6.0)
2,251
(88.6)
Source #1: Free Meteo (1961-1990)[12]
Source #2: Weatherbase[13] for precipitation
Sri Lankan cities with a 50,000+ population
500,000 and more
200,000–499,999
50,000–249,999
National capitals#
Municipal councils
Urban councils
Capitals of Asia

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.