Srebarna Nature Reserve

The Srebarna Nature Reserve (Bulgarian: Природен резерват Сребърна, transliterated as Priroden rezervat Srebarna) is a nature reserve in northeastern Bulgaria (Southern Dobruja), near the village of the same name, 18 km west of Silistra and 2 km south of the Danube. It comprises Lake Srebarna and its surroundings and is located on the Via Pontica, a bird migration route between Europe and Africa.

The reserve embraces 6 km2 of protected area and a buffer zone of 5.4 km2. The lake's depth varies from 1 to 3 m. There is a museum constructed, where a collection of stuffed species typical for the reserve is arranged.

Srebarna Nature Reserve
Dalmatian Pelican and Great Cormorant in danube delta
Lake Srebarna
Map showing the location of Srebarna Nature Reserve
Map showing the location of Srebarna Nature Reserve
Location within Bulgaria
LocationSilistra Province, Bulgaria
Nearest citySilistra
Coordinates44°06′52″N 27°04′41″E / 44.11444°N 27.07806°ECoordinates: 44°06′52″N 27°04′41″E / 44.11444°N 27.07806°E
Established1948
UNESCO World Heritage site
CriteriaNatural: (x)
Reference219bis
Inscription1983 (7th Session)
Extensions2008
Area638 ha (2.46 sq mi)
Buffer zone673 ha (2.60 sq mi)
Official nameSrébarna
Designated24 September 1975
Reference no.64[1]

History

While Lake Srebarna was studied many times in the past by foreign biologists, the first Bulgarian scientist to take an interest in the area was Aleksi Petrov, who visited the reserve in 1911. In 1913, the whole of Southern Dobrudja was incorporated in Romania, but was returned to Bulgaria in 1940, when the area was visited once again by Petrov to examine the colonies of birds that nest there.

Srebarna-lake-Svik
View towards the Srebarna reserve

The area was proclaimed a nature reserve in 1948 and is a Ramsar site since 1975. The reserve was recognized as World Natural Heritage Site under the 1972 Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage and included in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1983.

Legends

There are several legends about the origin of the lake's name. The one is about a khan named Srebrist, who died in the neighbourhood whilst engaging in an unequal battle with the Pechenegs. A second one tells about a boat full of silver (srebro in Bulgarian) along the shores of the lake. According to a third one, which is regarded as most plausible, the name comes from the silvery reflections on the lake's surface during full moon.

Environment

Flora

Stuffed-Pelicans-Srebarna
Pelicans in the museum

There are hydrophyte species such as reed in and around the lake. The reserve is home to 139 plant species, 11 of them are in danger of extinction outside the territory of Srebarna.

Fauna

A wide variety of fauna exists in the area. 39 mammal, 21 reptile and amphibian and 10 fish species inhabit the reserve, which is most famous for the 179 bird species that nest on its territory, some of which include the Dalmatian pelican, the mute swan, the greylag goose, the marsh harrier, the bluethroat, herons and cormorants.

Gallery

Srebarna Nature Reserve 01
Srebarna Nature Reserve 02
Srebarna Nature Reserve 03
Srebarna Nature Reserve 04
Srebarna Nature Reserve 05

Honour

Srebarna Glacier on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Srebarna.

References

  1. ^ "Srébarna". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.

External links

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