Squares in London

Squares have long been a feature of London and come in numerous identifiable forms. The landscaping spectrum of squares stretches from those containing more hardscape constituting town squares (also known as city squares) to those containing planted communal gardens, for which London is a major international exponent, known as garden squares.

A few in the capital of the United Kingdom such as Trafalgar Square were from the outset public open spaces in exactly the same way as other city squares worldwide, typically a plaza, piazza and a platz in Spain, Italy and Germany. Most, however, were garden squares that were originally built as private communal gardens for use by the inhabitants of the surrounding houses. All types of the space are more prevalent in parts of London with high (urban) density. Some of these gardens are now open to the public, while others, for example around Notting Hill, are still fenced and private.

The terminology has been loosely applied for over a century. Some have irregular shape — three triangles and pentagon feature among those officially named Square. Approbative and technical studies of garden squares commonly cover equivalent landscaped communal gardens not named as a Square many of which spaces have become small public parks — a diversity of descriptive names features at the list of London's "garden squares".

Sutton Nicholls's view of St. James's Square, c. 1722
St. James's Square, c. 1722
Fitzroy Square from the BT Tower
Fitzroy Square

Name and shape

"Square" is a generic term for neat, planned or set aside urban open spaces larger than a verge or pavement overlooked by buildings. In London elements of fields were set aside, a fact reflected in the name of the square London Fields and two later examples: Coram's Fields and Lincoln's Inn Fields. Some are not actually square, or even rectangular. One reason for this is the use of a local nickname for the street, park or garden in question. Another is that some older squares were irregularly shaped to begin with, or lost their original layout due to the city's many transformations, not least following the Great Fire of London and The Blitz.

The street naming (or streetnaming) authority of each London Borough and the City of London Corporation by authority of an Act of 1939 imposes rules to authorise appropriate street names for new developments and for owners wishing to rename features.[1] Commercial building and retained historic names apart, new residential squares must in many boroughs be "for a square only" — considered not well elongated but rectangular and to some extent open.[2] Billiter Square, EC3 and Millennium Square, SE1 in districts dominated by retail, commerce and offices are among many modern buildings (not beside a visible rectangular open space) which have alternative, higher built density, square features to their design, such as a courtyard or a square footprint.

Some squares are paved (Granary Square); some grass and trees (Russell Square); many others diverse communal gardens. Most of those which are square have the word in their name and these are listed below; others more flexibly identified do not; such notable lists are commonly identified as list of garden squares or "estate gardens", "communal gardens", "formal gardens" about which many books have been written. Increasingly, spaces are being constructed that are legally private, although in practice open to the public (Paternoster Square).

The Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea contains over a hundred garden squares whose use is restricted to residents. The upkeep of these spaces (almost all named after their adjoining streets for example Square/Crescent/Gardens/Place) is partly paid for through a levy on top of residents' council tax.[3] One instance is a lune, The Boltons.

Toward the public end of the public/private continuum, London's growth has taken in village greens. A minority of these partly or wholly survive such as Newington Green to form council-run open spaces breaking up housing, road networks and/or retail streets. The categories of greens and garden squares become more well-visited scaled up, above an informal cut-off, being the today mainly government-run, characteristic parks and open spaces in London — less urban such land includes London's 26 commons most of which were significantly reduced in size in the period of Inclosure and 16 country parks.

History

Development of Squares

The making of residential squares fell into decline in the early 20th century, one of the last notable such squares having been designed by Edwin Lutyens for Hampstead Garden Suburb. Numerous squares were in danger of filling in for further building. This was banned by the London Squares Act of 1931.[4] In the last quarter of the 20th century a fashion for making office squares developed, a trend led by the Broadgate development. Developers such as London Square, Berkeley Homes and Taylor Wimpey (in the first two instances through their London subsidiaries) have built and set aside land in more than one of their 21st century London developments to create those of the residential type.[5][6][7][8][9][10] More broadly, mixed-use squares to give a focal area have become a resurgent planning design, reflected for instance in Times Square, Sutton and Canada Square, Canary Wharf.

Viewings and events in private communal gardens

Since 1998 many private squares (which term in that context takes in many other shapes of gardens between houses) temporarily open to the paying public: London's "Open Garden Squares Weekend", founded by Caroline Aldiss, takes place on the second weekend in June.[11] The event is organised by the London Parks and Garden Trust. In 2013 over 200 gardens took part, including the garden of the Prime Minister at 10 Downing Street and the Gardens of HM Prison Wormwood Scrubs. Other events in keynote squares coincide such as a World Archaeology Festival, Gordon Square, Bloomsbury run by UCL Institute of Archaeology.[12]

The parks can be categorised as public garden squares, private garden squares or other squares.

Social importance

Was that a dream by Cedric Le Borgne
An illuminated wire sculpture of a nightingale, displayed in London's Berkeley Square as part of Lumiere London 2018, an art festival. The sculpture and the accompanying soundtrack A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square formed an art installation titled 'Was that a dream?' by a French artist Cédric Le Borgne.[13]

The local proliferation relative to other UK cities coupled with, since the early 20th century, their widespread opening up has similarly made squares broadly cited in portrayals of London. Initially cultural use was mainly confined to novels and, to a lesser degree, fine art.

"It's a Long Way to Tipperary" is a 1910s song featuring the line "Farewell Leicester Square". "A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square" is a romantic hit of 1940 with lyrics by Eric Maschwitz and music by Manning Sherwin, sang that year separately by Ray Noble and Vera Lynn and a theme of a film the next year, by Fritz Lang., Man Hunt. In the 1956 song "Why Can't The English?" from the musical My Fair Lady, Professor Henry Higgins laments, "Hear them down in Soho Square/Dropping H's everywhere."

Drama most notably includes the high-audience soap opera broadcast by the BBC running since 1985, EastEnders based on a semi-permanent set north of London's border, Albert Square. It had pre-release titles Square Dance, Round the Square, Round the Houses, London Pride and East 8.[14]

Soho Square garden contains a bench that commemorates the singer Kirsty MacColl, who wrote the song "Soho Square" for her album Titanic Days. After her death in 2000, fans bought a memorial bench in her honour, inscribing the lyrics: "One day I'll be waiting there / No empty bench in Soho Square".[15] The Lindisfarne album Elvis Lives On the Moon also includes a song named after that square.[16]

Notable communal gardens surrounded by buildings

Most notable town squares

List of Greater London squares

The tables below state whether each Square is set around an open-air focus. It comprises, only, roads and communal spaces with the word Square. Those marked No may be squares in an unconventional sense — a building or complex that has around it a paved or road area / a building with a covered forum and/or atrium or a throwback to when it may have had a communal focus.

Demolished squares are listed in a table at the end of this section.

They are arranged by postcode, see the map below of postcodes.

LONDON post town map
London post town postcodes

City (EC)

Name Post district Open-to-sky area between buildings Image
Exchange EC2 Yes Exchange Square, London
Monkwell EC2 Yes Obelisk in Monkwell Square - geograph.org.uk - 643310
Finsbury EC2 Yes Bistro in the Square, Finsbury Square. - geograph.org.uk - 1072846
Devonshire EC2 Yes Circular seated area in the middle of Devonshire Square - geograph.org.uk - 1021445
Paternoster EC4 Yes Paternoster Square, London EC2, at Christmas - geograph.org.uk - 1092286
St Helen’s EC3 Yes London Lloyds of London von St Mary Axe 201008
Ludgate EC4 No Creed Lane (geograph 4279051)
Reliance EC2 No Shoreditch, Reliance Square - geograph.org.uk - 1692298
Mark EC2 Yes Mark Square - geograph.org.uk - 1163071
Finsbury Avenue EC2 Yes Finsbury Avenue Square - geograph.org.uk - 1072706
New Inn EC2 No New Inn Square no number plates
Trinity EC3 Yes London . Widok z Trinity Square Gardens - panoramio
Brewery EC1 Yes Brewery Square, Clerkenwell EC1V small
Rosebery EC1 No Rosebery Square - a raised outdoor terrace of a mansion block[n 1]
Coldbath
(historically Cold Bath)
EC1 Yes Coldbath Square
St John’s EC1 Yes Clerkenwell, The Order of St John, EC1 - geograph.org.uk - 756231
Myddelton EC1 Yes St Mark's Church, Myddleton Square - geograph.org.uk - 110035
America EC3 Yes Flowerbed in America Square - geograph.org.uk - 1004689
Aldermanbury EC2 Yes Looking from Aldermanbury into Basinghall Street - geograph.org.uk - 1256808
Salisbury EC4 Yes Salisbury Square, London, January 2018 03
New St EC4 Yes Looking towards Aldermanbury Square, London EC2 in the snow - geograph.org.uk - 879062
Gough EC4 Yes The courtyard of Gough Square (4044101858)
Waterhouse EC1 Yes Holborn, Waterhouse Square, 142 Holborn Bars, EC1 - geograph.org.uk - 667992
King EC1 Yes King Square Gardens Borough of Islington London August 11th 2014 - 05
Northampton EC1 Yes Northampton Square - geograph.org.uk - 979
Charterhouse EC1 Yes Charterhouse Square[n 2][17]
Warwick EC4 Yes Warwick Square, near St Pauls, City of London EC4M[n 3]
Bartholomew EC1 No Жнівеньскі Лондан 07[n 4]
Bridgewater EC2 No A small pre-school playground

City (WC)

Name Post district Open-to-sky area between buildings Image
Queen WC1 Yes Bloomsbury, Queen Square, WC1 - geograph.org.uk - 669373
New WC2 Yes Lincolns Inn New Square 20130413 108
Red Lion WC1 Yes Red Lion Square park
Gray’s Inn WC1 Yes Gray's Inn in the snow (8399086152)
South WC1 Yes Gray's inn zzz
Bloomsbury WC1 Yes Bloomsbury Square gardens 01
Regent WC1 Yes Regent Square WC1 - geograph.org.uk - 1400805
Mecklenburgh WC1 Yes Mecklenburgh Square.jpeg[n 5]
Granville WC1 Yes Granville Square (geograph 2858772)
Wilmington WC1 Yes Wilmington Square - geograph.org.uk - 1396214
Lloyd WC1 Yes Lloyd Square, Islington, London (geograph 3755756)
Brunswick WC1 Yes BrunswickSquare[n 6]
Torrington WC1 Yes Torrington Square March 2016 01
Tavistock WC1 Yes 2013-02 gandhi tavistock square
Gordon WC1 Yes Gordon Square Gardens, London Borough of Camden, WC1
Woburn WC1 Yes Woburn Square Garden - geograph.org.uk - 1374266
Russell WC1 Yes Summer in the City - geograph.org.uk - 904991
Bedford WC1 Yes Bedford gardens
Fleet WC1 Yes [n 7]
Wells WC1 Yes [n 7]
Argyle WC1 Yes London - Crestfield Street - View on Argyle Square

Inner

North and northwest

Name Post district Open-to-sky area between buildings Image
Canonbury N1 Yes Canonbury Square, London Borough of Islington, N1 (2432814041)
Union N1 Yes Union Square, Islington (geograph 4343015)
Arlington N1 Yes Arlington Square
Claremont N1 Yes Claremont square, Islington (1) - geograph.org.uk - 1523970
Hoxton N1 Yes Hoxton square 2
Charles N1 Yes Charles Square, Shoreditch (geograph 3877762)
Highbury N5 Yes Highbury Square interior
Euston NW1 Yes Piscator - geograph.org.uk - 913686
Munster NW1 Yes
Park NW1 Yes Park Square East - geograph.org.uk - 1396235
Dorset NW1 Yes Dorset Square, Marylebone - panoramio
Blandford NW1 Yes
Cloudesley N1 Yes Holy Trinity, Cloudesley Square (geograph 3486241)
John Spencer N1 Yes [n 8]
De Beauvoir N1 Yes De Beauvoir Town, Looking across De Beauvoir Square - geograph.org.uk - 1729359
Old Royal Free N1 Yes Old Royal Free Water Tower - geograph.org.uk - 1394809
Lonsdale N1 Yes Lonsdale Square Gardens - geograph.org.uk - 110233
Gibson N1 Yes Gibson Square, Islington - geograph.org.uk - 1135628
Milner N1 Yes Milner Square, Islington - geograph.org.uk - 1376178
Barnsbury N1 Yes Barnsbury Square (geograph 1686928)
Alwyne N1 Yes Alwyne Square, Canonbury - geograph.org.uk - 859054
Thornhill NW1 Yes Thornhill Square, Barnsbury - geograph.org.uk - 624532
Edward N1 Yes Edward Square, Islington 0588
Tolmers NW1 Yes Tolmers Square, Euston - geograph.org.uk - 660384
Chalcot NW1 Yes Chalcot Square - geograph.org.uk - 1005457
Oakley NW1 Yes Oakley Square Gardens, Camden Town - geograph.org.uk - 178583
Harrington NW1 Yes Harrington Square Camden - geograph.org.uk - 1593060
Ampthill NW1 Yes Ampthill Square Estate, Camden Town - geograph.org.uk - 404860
Wilton N1 Yes Wilton Square N1 - geograph.org.uk - 1091995[n 9]
St Mark’s NW1 Yes St. Marks Church (7263664718)[n 10]
South NW11 Yes 3-18 South Square, Hampstead Garden Suburb 3
North NW11 Yes The Manse, 14 North Square, Hampstead Garden Suburb
Litchfield NW11 Yes same layout as Lucas Square below
Lucas NW11 Yes Lucas Square, Hampstead Way, NW11 (geograph 2598438)
Pond N6 Yes Georgian Houses, Pond Square, Highgate Village - geograph.org.uk - 1214770
Camden NW1 Yes Camden Square (6005623628)
Anderson N1 Yes
Peabody N1 Yes
Packington N1 Yes
Canalside N1 Yes
Red House N1 Yes
Northpoint and
Caledonian
NW1 No [n 11]
1 Hamond N1 No [n 12]
Triton NW1 No Triton Square - geograph.org.uk - 1164984
Rochester NW1 No
Uhura N16 No

West and southwest

Name Post district Open-to-sky area between buildings Image
Berkeley W1 Yes Berkeley Square Park - panoramio
Grosvenor W1 Yes Grosvenor Square - geograph.org.uk - 1090067
Belgrave SW1 Yes Entrance to Gardens in Belgrave Square - geograph.org.uk - 1296516
Parliament SW1 Yes Westminster, London, UK - panoramio (60)
Fitzroy W1 Yes Fitzroy Square London
Cavendish W1 Yes Cavendish Square - geograph.org.uk - 387126
Manchester W1 Yes Manchester Square nord
Portman W1 Yes Portman square garden - panoramio
Montagu W1 Yes Playpark in Montagu Square - geograph.org.uk - 1048040
Bryanston W1 Yes Bryanston Square - geograph.org.uk - 374401
Smith SW1 Yes Smith Square Westminster London - geograph.org.uk - 1092459[n 13]
Earl’s Court SW5 Yes Earls Court Square, SW5 - geograph.org.uk - 876717
Redcliffe SW10 Yes Redcliffe Square Gardens - geograph.org.uk - 957168
Nevern SW5 Yes Nevern Square - geograph.org.uk - 1211002
St George's SW1 Yes Gardens in St George's Square, Pimlico - geograph.org.uk - 1300142
Warwick SW1 Yes St gabriel Warwick Square
Eccleston SW1 Yes Garden Path Eccleston Square - geograph.org.uk - 1297548
Vincent SW1 Yes Vincent Square SW1 (2) - geograph.org.uk - 139780
Lindsay SW1 Yes Lindsay Square, Pimlico (geograph 3295332)
Dolphin SW1 Yes Dolphin Square (171233643)[n 14]
Victoria SW1 Yes Victoria Square - geograph.org.uk - 1194345
Ebury SW1 Yes Westminster, Ebury Square Garden - geograph.org.uk - 1333419
Eaton SW1 Yes The Parish of St.Peter - panoramio
Lowndes SW1 Yes Anti-Pakistan demonstration outside High Commission of Pakistan, London 01
Cleveland W2 Yes Cleveland Square, Bayswater-geograph-2740555
Montpelier SW7 Yes Montpelier Square, Knightsbridge - geograph.org.uk - 481205
Trevor SW7 Yes Trevor Square, Knightsbridge (geograph 4338316)
Brompton SW3 Yes Brompton Square, London SW3 - geograph.org.uk - 1108023
Thurloe SW7 Yes Thurloe Square from the V and A - geograph.org.uk - 1143578
Hereford SW7 Yes View up Hereford Square (geograph 4026598)
Onslow SW7 Yes Onslow Square SW7 - geograph.org.uk - 190560
Admiral SW10 Yes Crossing Battersea railway bridge- view downstream including Chelsea Harbour development (geograph 2356478)
Coleridge SW10 Yes Marjon Chelsea campus model 01
Alexander SW3 Yes GEORGE GODWIN - 24 Alexander Square South Kensington London SW3 2AU[n 15]
Ovington SW3 Yes Houses on Ovington Gardens (geograph 2484839)
Wellington SW3 Yes Wellington Square, Chelsea, London - geograph.org.uk - 3722
Chelsea SW3 Yes
Carlyle SW3 Yes Carlyle Square Gardens - geograph.org.uk - 493841
Tedworth SW3 Yes
Cadogan SW1 Yes Buildings on Cadogan Square (geograph 3805645)
Markham SW3 Yes Gardens in Markham Square - geograph.org.uk - 1150405
Sloane SW1 Yes Sloane Square
Duke of York SW3 No Duke of York Square SW3 - geograph.org.uk - 192560
Paultons SW3 Yes Communal garden in Paultons Square (geograph 4104043)
St Mary’s W2 Yes St Mary's Church, Paddington Green, W2 - Churchyard - geograph.org.uk - 351974
Cambridge W2 Yes Cambridge Square, London W2
Oxford W2 Yes Oxford Square 17
Sheldon W2 Yes Sheldon-square
Lancer W8 Yes Entrance to Lancer Square - geograph.org.uk - 811859
Rose SW3 Yes Rose Square, Fulham Road SW7 (geograph 2757075)[n 16]
Chantry W8 Yes [n 17]
St Mary’s or Old Ealing W5 Yes Old Ealing - geograph.org.uk - 86323
Kensington W8 Yes Porchester Square Gardens - geograph.org.uk - 363441
St Andrews W11 Yes
Wesley W11 Yes Refreshments on the lawn, Wesley Square (geograph 5012224)
Mortimer W11 Yes
St Charles W10 No St Charles Square - geograph.org.uk - 925989
Colville W11 Yes
Powis W11 Yes Notting Hill Carnival - 2013 (geograph 3620364)
Orme W11 Yes St Petersburgh Square (geograph 5514801)
Porchester W2 Yes Porchester Square Gardens - geograph.org.uk - 363441
Princes W2 Yes Princes Square (geograph 5537487)
Pembridge W2 Yes Kensington, Pembridge Square (geograph 3201133)
Leinster W2 Yes Leinster Square Gardens
Katherine W11 Yes
Norland W11 Yes St. James, Norland Square church, W11 - geograph.org.uk - 1441797
Campden Hill W8 Yes Campden Hill Square, W8 - geograph.org.uk - 393930
Edwardes W8 Yes Edwardes Square, London 03
Wycombe W8 Yes
Ravenscourt W6 Yes Houses on Ravenscourt Square (geograph 3382083)
St Peter's Square W6 Yes Greek Runner Hammersmith 364
Ashcroft W6 Yes Morris dancers, Ashcroft Square, King Street W6 (geograph 2997360)
Westcroft W6 Yes
Essex Place (Market) Square
Chiswick High Road
W4 Yes
Lyric Square W6 Yes Lyric Square, W6 - geograph.org.uk - 1620314
Shuters W14 Yes
Orchard W14 Yes
Vine W14 Yes
Audley, South Audley Street W1 No Looking southwards down South Audley Street - geograph.org.uk - 1089831
Franklin W14 No Franklin Square, W14 - geograph.org.uk - 1443866[n 18]
Fountain SW1 No Fountain Square - geograph.org.uk - 646066
Brassey SW11 No
Chesterton W8 No Warwick Road & Pembroke Road, London SW5[n 19]
Lampeter W6 No [n 20]
Nottingdale W11 No [n 11]
St Edmunds SW13 Yes
Grafton SW4 Yes London Wealth and Poverty 1898-1899 Grafton Square, Clapham Old Town
Fenner SW11 Yes Abstract art on apartment block, Fenner Square (geograph 5198105)[n 21]
Monarch SW11 Yes
Battersea SW11 Yes Battersea Square (geograph 4705633)
Ivory SW11 Yes Gartons Way-Plantation Wharf - geograph.org.uk - 1261207
Heathfield SW18 No Heathfield Square enclosing HMP Wandsworth and Gordon Crescent enc green
Restoration SW11 No
White's SW4 No
Philpot SW6 No
Macaulay SW4 Yes
Imperial SW6 Yes Imperial Square, Fulham (geograph 3806153)
Hurlingham SW6 Yes
Marryat SW6 Yes
Red Lion SW18 No
Hardwicks SW18 No

South

Name Postal district Open to air communal space Image
Brewery SE1 Yes Brewery Square, south of Tower Bridge - geograph.org.uk - 823101
Avondale SE1 Yes St Philip & St Mark, Avondale Square, Camberwell & Sculpture (geograph 2275982)
Perkins SE1 Yes Perkins Square - geograph.org.uk - 1022903
Nelson SE1 Yes Nelson Square - geograph.org.uk - 920583
St Philip Battersea, SW8 Yes Battersea, St Philip's Church - geograph.org.uk - 1454062[n 22]
West SE11 Yes 6-19 West Square (geograph 4826425)
Cleaver SE11 Yes Cleaver Square (geograph 3663479)
Bermondsey SE16 Yes Alfie's Kitchen and Bar (3469030040)
Merrick SE1 Yes Merrick Square, off Trinity Street (1) - geograph.org.uk - 1765992
Thorburn SE1 Yes Church in the square - geograph.org.uk - 1706294
Helsinki SE16 Yes Riverside flats (geograph 3703362)
Gatehouse SE1 Yes Gatehouse Square - geograph.org.uk - 1022928
Surrey SE1 Yes Previously All Saints, Surrey Square, Walworth (geograph 2276019)
Providence SE1 Yes Providence Square Garden (geograph 4378474)
Millennium, Shad Thames SE1 Yes
Edward SE16 Yes Thames Developments (geograph 5663982)
Elizabeth SE16 Yes Elizabeth Square, Lavender Wharf (geograph 2970021)
Frederick SE16 Yes Thames Developments (geograph 5663982)
Helena SE16 Yes Thames Developments (geograph 5663982)
Sophia SE16 Yes Thames Developments (geograph 5663982)
William SE16 Yes Thames Developments (geograph 5663982)
New Place SE16 Yes
London congestion charge zone
London congestion charge zone
Lockwood SE16 Yes
London congestion charge zone
London congestion charge zone
Marden SE16 Yes
London congestion charge zone
London congestion charge zone
Layard SE16 Yes
London congestion charge zone
London congestion charge zone
St Olav’s SE16 Yes [18][19]
Reveley SE16 Yes [n 18]
Greenacre SE16 Yes [n 18]
Great Guildford Business SE1 No
Bergen SE16 No
Tillett SE16 Yes
Graphite, Vauxhall Walk SE11 Yes
Cornwall, Kennings Way SW11 Yes [n 23]
John Parker SW11 Yes Flats, Clapham (geograph 3465010)[n 21]
Holliday SW11 Yes [n 21]
Weekley SW11 Yes [n 21]
Winchester SE1 No
Cobalt Vauxhall, SW8 Yes Harleyford Road - geograph.org.uk - 1013044
Albert SW8 Yes
Walcot SE11 Yes Walcot Square SE11 - geograph.org.uk - 167290[n 24]
St Georges SE8 Yes [n 25]
Trinity Church SE1 Yes Trinity Church Square - north side - geograph.org.uk - 847609[n 26]
Montague SE15 Yes
Peabody SE1 Yes Peabody Square Model Dwellings, Blackfriars Road
Sutherland SE17 Yes Sutherland Square, SE17 (geograph 2668688)
Peckham SE15 Yes Peckham Square - geograph.org.uk - 1741872
Granville SE15 Yes
Yarnfield SE15 Yes
Choumert SE15 Yes
Vivian SE15 Yes
Galatea SE15 Yes
Huguenot SE15
Shard's SE15 No [n 27]
Dickens SE1 Yes
Hamilton SE1 Yes
Fountain Green SE16 Yes Fountain Green Square (geograph 2127509)
Bonnington SW8 Yes Bonnington Square Garden - geograph.org.uk - 1397632
Addington SE5 Yes Addington Square SE5 - geograph.org.uk - 165917
Rust SE5 Yes
Foxley SW9 Yes
Nightingale SW12 Yes Nightingale Square, Balham (geograph 3262823)
Lorrimore SE17 Yes St Paul, Lorrimore Square, London SE17 - geograph.org.uk - 1750513
Flat Iron SE1 No [20]
Gagarin, Southwark Street SE1 No [n 24]
Westminster Business SE11 No [n 28]

East

Name Post district Open to air communal space Image
Clapton E5 Yes Clapton Square - geograph.org.uk - 1373803
Tredegar E3 Yes Tredegar Square (7060769943)
Canada E14 Yes Canada Square in a sunny day - panoramio (1)
Cabot E14 Yes Cabot Square, London (15679738743)
Thomas More E1 Yes News Internaltional Building in London
Chow E8 Yes Chow Square, Dalston (geograph 2925892)
Time E8 Yes
Lea E3 Yes
Hornbeam E3 Yes
Grayling E2 Yes
Murray E16 No Murray Square (geograph 3969625)[n 29]
Patriot E2 No
Bishops, Spitalfields Market E1 Yes Spitalfields Re-development, London - geograph.org.uk - 64144
Spital E1 No [n 30]
Bartholomew E1 Yes St Bartholomew, Bethnal Green (geograph 4160985)
Beaumont E1 Yes
Carlton E1 Yes
Harpley E1 Yes
Avis E1 Yes
Sidney E1 Yes Sidney Square Gardens - geograph.org.uk - 593785
Petticoat E1 Yes Petticoat Square, Middlesex Street, City of London - geograph.org.uk - 64260
Arbour Stepney, E1 Yes The former Raine's Foundation Grammar School building in Arbour Square - geograph.org.uk - 149017
Brayford E1 Yes [n 31]
Rectory E1 Yes Stepney Temple Court 03.jpeg
Roy E14 Yes [n 32]
York E14 Yes Queen's Head, E14 - geograph.org.uk - 1170452
Cutlers E14 Yes [n 33]
St David’s E14 Yes Riverside Apartments, Isle of Dogs (geograph 3624562)[21]
The Mother's E5 Yes [n 18]
Shalborne E9 Yes Hackney Wick, Eastway (geograph 5186295)
Silk Mills E9 Yes Silk Mills Square (geograph 3046181) (cropped)
Leabank E9 Yes
Oakum E11 Yes [n 34]
Stonechat E6 Yes [n 35]
Partridge E6 Yes [n 35]
Royal Victoria E16 Yes Sculpture in Royal Victoria Square, London in March 2011 - 04
Lampern E2 Yes
Old Market E2 Yes Columbia Road, Shoreditch (geograph 3484188)
Ambassador E14 Yes [n 36]
St Georges E14 Yes
Alphabet Square E3 Yes [n 18]
Aqua Vista E3 Yes
Guerin E3 Yes
St George's E7 No
Regent E3 No
Old School E14 No
Athol E14 No
Torrens E15 No
Olympus E5 No
Sheffield E3 Yes
Trellis E3 Yes
Gerry Raffles Square and Theatre Square E15 Yes Theatre Royal Stratford East
Lanark E14 Yes View along Pepper Street back towards East Ferry Road (geograph 3236099)
Burrells Wharf E14 Yes Burells wharf
Capstan E14 Yes
Cumberland Mills E14 No [n 37]
Torres, Bering and Vulcan E14 Yes [n 18]
Botanic E14 Yes Recent developments on Leamouth Peninsula (geograph 4950240)
Transom E14 No
Forge E14 Yes
Hopewell E14
Hymek E14
Warrior E12 No
St Luke’s E16 No Canning Town, Former St Luke's Church - geograph.org.uk - 762025
St Thomas’s E9 Yes St Thomas Square, Hackney - geograph.org.uk - 402495
Goldsmith’s E2 No The Albion in Goldsmith Row (geograph 2442547)
Ion E2 Yes Ion Square Gardens, London Borough of Tower Hamlets, E2 (2404503484)
St Peter’s E2 Yes Bethnal Green, Church of St Peter and St Thomas - geograph.org.uk - 1716762
Evergreen E8 Yes Evergreen Square, Hackney (geograph 2965137)
Pollard E2 Yes
Chant E15 No
Barnby E15 No
Market, Chrisp Street E14 Yes Global cuisine at Chrisp Street market - geograph.org.uk - 864538
Shaw E17 Yes
Fassett E9 Yes View from the roof of the German Hospital, Dalston (3058841015)
Primrose E9 No
Principal, Chelmer Road E9 No
Sutton E9 Yes [n 18]
The Square, High Road E10 Yes
O’Leary E1 Yes
Education E1 No
Douthwaite E1 Yes
Cork E1 Yes
Wellclose E1 Yes
Albert E15 No Albert Square (geograph 5357366)
Maryland E15 No Maryland Square (geograph 4684639)
Portland E1 No [n 37]
Tollgate E6 No [n 38]
Goose E6 No [n 38]
Butterfield E6 No [n 38]
Martineau E1 No [n 38]

Outer

East

Name Post town Post district Open to air communal space Image
Brandesbury Woodford Green IG8 Yes Claybury Mental hospital, or London County Lunatic Asylum
Rosebury Woodford Green IG8 Yes Claybury Mental hospital, or London County Lunatic Asylum
Brackley Woodford Green IG6 Yes [n 39]
Eastbury Barking IG11 Yes Eastbury Manor Barking - geograph.org.uk - 52748
Warrington Dagenham RM8 Yes St Peter, Warrinton Road, Becontree - geograph.org.uk - 1762175
The Square Ilford IG1 Yes
The Square Woodford Green IG8 Yes
Noel Dagenham RM8 Yes [n 40]
Causton Dagenham RM9 Yes
Arnett London E4 Yes
Manor Dagenham RM8 No
Osborne Dagenham RM9 No
Hunters Dagenham RM9 No

West

Name Post town Post district Open to air communal space Image
Dolphin London W4 Yes [n 35]
Townfield Hayes UB3 Yes
Emerald Southall UB2 Yes
The Square Uxbridge UB11 Yes
Coleridge London W13 Yes [n 18]
Haliday Southall UB2 Yes [n 18]
Cubitt Southall UB2 Yes [n 18]
Chiswick London W4 No Boston House, Chiswick Square London
Drenon Hayes UB3 No
Tudor Hayes UB3 No

South West

Name Post town Post district Open to air communal space Image
Aubyn London SW15 Yes
Emerald London SW15 Yes
Toland London SW15 Yes
Vanneck London SW15 Yes
Chartfield London SW15 Yes
Barringer London SW17 Yes
Bevin London SW17 Yes
Pavilion London SW17 Yes [n 18]
Chapman London SW19 Yes The Chapman Lodge, Wimbledon (geograph 3284115)
Sutton Hounslow TW5 Yes Sutton Square, Heston (geograph 2240086)
Epsom Hounslow TW6 Yes Aircraft Service Hangar and Aircraft Holding Area (geograph 5242670)
New Chapel Feltham TW13 Yes A244, Feltham (geograph 4715093)
New Feltham TW14 Yes [n 18]
Market Kingston upon Thames KT1 Yes Kingston Market Square
Sigrist Kingston upon Thames KT1 Yes [n 18]
Topiary Richmond TW9 Yes Sunset over Topiary Square, Richmond (geograph 3731149)
Heron Richmond TW9 Yes Richmond Courtyard - geograph.org.uk - 508174
Charlotte Richmond TW10 Yes
St Andrew’s Surbiton KT6 Yes
Upper Isleworth TW7 Yes Water fountain and lamp standard, South St (geograph 2602171)[n 24]
Lower Isleworth TW7 Yes Lower Square, Isleworth (geograph 2192600)
Memorial Isleworth TW7 Yes Twickenham Road, Isleworth (geograph 3376048)[n 24]
Cheriton London SW17 No Cheriton Square (geograph 3993481)
Belvedere London SW19 No
George London SW19 No
Radcliffe London SW15 No
Magna London SW14 No
The Square Richmond TW9 No Princes Street - geograph.org.uk - 1071435
Mission Brentford TW8 No Brentford - Pottery Road (geograph 5192864)
Ferry Brentford TW8 No
King George Richmond TW10 No
Fleetwood Kingston upon Thames KT1 No
Charter Kingston upon Thames KT1 No
Ernest Kingston upon Thames KT1 No
Rosebery Kingston upon Thames KT1 No
Waters Kingston upon Thames KT1 No
Ashcombe New Malden KT3 No [n 37]
St George’s New Malden KT3 No
St Leonards Surbiton KT6 No
Cardington Hounslow TW4 No

South-East

Name Post town Post district Open to air communal space Image
Ryculff London SE3 Yes
Collins London SE3 Yes
Tristan London SE3 Yes
Lebrun London SE3 Yes
Gallus London SE3 Yes
Queen’s Elm London SE3 Yes
James Clavell London SE18 Yes London-Woolwich, Royal Arsenal, James Clavell Square, cannons 02
School London SE10 Yes
Roman London SE28 Yes
The Gardens London SE22 Yes
Arpley London SE20 Yes
Watermen’s London SE20 Yes
Palace London SE19 Yes
Talisman London SE26 Yes
Ealdham London SE9 Yes
Chiswell London SE3 Yes
Brook London SE18 No
Mortgramit London SE18 No
Reginald London SE8 Yes
Corvette London SE10 Yes
Gibbs London SE19 Yes
Kingston London SE19 Yes
Bury London SE19 Yes
Montbelle London SE19 Yes
Beresford London SE18 Yes
Les Smith London SE18 Yes
Old Clem London SE18 Yes
Artillery London SE18 Yes
Peppermead London SE13 Yes
Robert London SE13 Yes
Archer London SE14 Yes
Broadway Bexleyheath DA6 Yes
Market Bromley BR1 Yes
St Paul’s Bromley BR2 Yes
Oregon Orpington BR6 Yes
Adams Bexleyheath DA6 No
Gainsborough Bexleyheath DA6 No
Regent Belvedere DA17 No

North

Name Post town Post district Open to air communal space Image
Red London N16 Yes
Arundel London N7 Yes
The Market London N9 Yes
North London N9 Yes
Topham London N17 Yes
Brunswick London N17 Yes
Broadfield Enfield EN1 Yes
Westbrook Cockfosters EN4 Yes
Cornwallis London N19 Yes
Albion London E8 Yes
Christina London N4 Yes
Schonfeld London N16 Yes [n 18]
Hamilton, Sandringham Gardens London N12 No
Chaplin London N12 No

South

Name Post town Post district Open to air communal space Image
Whitgift Croydon CR0 Yes
The Pavement Croydon CR0 Yes
Torrington Croydon CR0 Yes
Rathbone Croydon CR0 Yes
Kennet Mitchen CR4 Yes
Berkshire Mitcham CR4 Yes
Charlwood Mitcham CR4 Yes
Glebe Mitcham CR4 Yes
Bovingdon Mitcham CR4 Yes
Appleton Mitcham SM3 Yes
Stanley Carshalton SM5 Yes
Alexandra Morden SM4 Yes
Times Sutton SM1 Yes
Wallington Wallington SM6 Yes

North west

Name Post town Post district Open to air communal space Image
Chelmsford London NW4 Yes
St Leonard’s London NW5 Yes
Seaton London NW7 Yes
Sentinel London NW4 Yes
Central London NW11 Yes
Belsize London NW3 Yes
Hampden London N14 Yes
Central Wembley HA9 Yes Central Square, Wembley (geograph 4571851)
Elliott London NW3 No
New End London NW3 No
The Mount London NW3 No The Mount Square - geograph.org.uk - 609328

Demolished

  • Angel Square, EC1
  • Billiter Square, EC3

See also

Notes and References

Notes
  1. ^ a C-shaped building with a raised terrace occupying the void
  2. ^ A pentagon. One actual square is directly north and commonly confused by map makers, the Green. Nine courtyards which are smaller than both exist e.g. Preacher's Court, Pensioners Court, Masters Court which are mostly green.
  3. ^ A tree on a central verge then a side yard with relatively large surface car park for the City of London
  4. ^ Bartholomew Court of the Redbrick Estate mirrors it closely, save its north side remains (nos 20-28, three buildings).
  5. ^ Forms the east of Coram’s Fields
  6. ^ Forms the west of Coram’s Fields
  7. ^ a b Smaller than large communal courtyards in the same estate
  8. ^ Set around two greens
  9. ^ The outer sides form four lines, one very short; the inner sides i.e. the communal gardens are a rounded triangle
  10. ^ St Mark’s Square: narrowly the bulk is a church if excluding two sections of road (which surrounds)
  11. ^ a b Recesses in a building’s front (car parks in indents) are marked no for ease of reference.
  12. ^ Block of flats with smaller garden to rear
  13. ^ Half of Smith Square is a church if excluding the circular road with five exits surrounding
  14. ^ More than 1000 homes adjoin and have this address
  15. ^ Alexander Square is on one side trees to the back of houses on Egerton Crescent (the only square is conceived taking in Brompton Road), has three minor roads around the other sides of its thin strip of green divided in two by another minor road
  16. ^ Most of the gardens are to the side rather than central at Rose Square, a former hospital, Fulham Road, Chelsea, London
  17. ^ Chantry Square is set around a small circle with a semi-circular hedge
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Car park with trees
  19. ^ Chesterton Square is a large courtyard of a large civic/social housing building
  20. ^ South part has a courtyard used for parking and small shrubbery
  21. ^ a b c d Weekley Sq has two mature trees along a hedge with a small shrubbery, it is otherwise a parking lot. The four squares in SW11 are identical to neighbouring Carmichael Close.
  22. ^ Half of St Philip Square is the Church of St Philip with St Bartholomew
  23. ^ Cornwall Square is divided by fences among the owners.
  24. ^ a b c d Triangular
  25. ^ Bounded by the Thames, a boat repair marina and the roads named Deptford Wharf and Plough Way, St George’s Square in SE8 has no homes or businesses.
  26. ^ Half of Trinity Church Sqaure is Henry Wood Hall, an Arts Organisation which replaced the church.
  27. ^ A narrow asphalted accessway
  28. ^ A non-enclosed small parking court
  29. ^ A street with two right-angles, not a square
  30. ^ A short street, leading past Bishops Square, becoming Lamb Street
  31. ^ A small L-shaped courtyard style space, between clusters of buildings
  32. ^ A long, nearly enclosed by homes, green courtyard
  33. ^ A small courtyard between buildings for parking
  34. ^ Sixty homes under construction
  35. ^ a b c Lacks fourth side. Car park with trees
  36. ^ A single tree and square layout
  37. ^ a b c A cross-shaped road with blocks of apartments that have a courtyard; mainly a parking lot.
  38. ^ a b c d Part of a road with a slight kink
  39. ^ Mostly fenced gardens; has a large, railed end verge centred on shrubs
  40. ^ Crossed by two roads and bounded by another
References
  1. ^ London Buildings Acts (Amendment) Act 1939, Part 2: Naming and Numbering of Streets and Buildings.
  2. ^ Street Naming application pack Example policy list from Kensington and Chelsea, replacing similar earlier rule. Retrieved 2018-03-12
  3. ^ "Your garden square and you" Archived 2006-07-11 at the Wayback Machine, Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, London, UK. URL accessed 20 June 2006.
  4. ^ Camilla Phelps, "London opens its gates". The English Garden, June 2013, 97.
  5. ^ "Square" Details of 21st century square, at Farm Lane, Fulham, London Square Group, 2018
  6. ^ "Square"" Details of 21st century square at Waldegrave Road, Teddington, London Square Group, 2018
  7. ^ "Brunswick Square, Orpington" Berkeley Homes Group, 2018
  8. ^ "Royal Warwick Square, Kensington", Berkeley Homes Group, 2018
  9. ^ "St George's Square, Sudbury Hill, Harrow" Taylor Wimpey, 2018
  10. ^ "Tolworth Square, Surbiton" Taylor Wimpey, 2018
  11. ^ Phelps, "London opens its gates". The English Garden, June 2013, 95–98.
  12. ^ "World Archaeology Festival 2013", UCL.
  13. ^ "Cédric Le Borgne: Was That a Dream?". visitlondon.com.
  14. ^ Smith, Rupert (2005). EastEnders: 20 Years in Albert Square (Hardback)|format= requires |url= (help). BBC Books. p. 15. ISBN 978-0-563-52165-5.
  15. ^ "Bench in Soho Square". Kirsty MacColl. 2001-08-12. Retrieved 2011-02-03.
  16. ^ http://www.lindisfarne.co.uk/discography/elvis-lives-on-the-moon.htm
  17. ^ Historic England. "lamp post in Pensioners Court (1206699)". National Heritage List for England.
  18. ^ Historic England. "Archway to Rotherhithe Tunnel Approach (1385848)". National Heritage List for England.
  19. ^ Historic England. "Rotherhithe (Norwegian Seamen) War Memorial (1449959)". National Heritage List for England.
  20. ^ Flat Iron Square at Google Maps; a street food market which was once a large parking lot, between Southwark St and Union St.
  21. ^ Three squares opening out onto the Thames

External links

Bedford Square

Bedford Square is a garden square in the Bloomsbury district of the Borough of Camden in London, England.

Belgrave Square

Belgrave Square is one of the grandest and largest 19th-century squares in London. It is the centrepiece of Belgravia, and was laid out by the property contractor Thomas Cubitt for the 2nd Earl Grosvenor, later the 1st Marquess of Westminster, in the 1820s. Most of the houses were occupied by 1840. The square takes its name from one of the Duke of Westminster's subsidiary titles, Viscount Belgrave. The village of Belgrave, Cheshire is two miles (3 km) from the Grosvenor family's main country seat of Eaton Hall. Today, many embassies are based in the square.

Berkeley Square

Berkeley Square is a town square in Mayfair in the West End of London, in the City of Westminster. It was originally laid out in the mid 18th century by architect William Kent.

The gardens in the centre are open to the public, and their very large London Plane trees are among the oldest in central London, planted in 1789.

Bloomsbury Square

Bloomsbury Square is a garden square in Holborn, Camden, London. Developed in the late 17th century, it was initially known as Southampton Square and was one of the earliest London squares. By the early 19th century, Bedford House along the north of the square had been demolished and replaced with terraced housing designed by James Burton.

Brunswick Square

Brunswick Square is a 3-acre (1.2 ha) public garden and ancillary streets along two of its sides in Bloomsbury, in the London Borough of Camden. It is overlooked by the School of Pharmacy and the Foundling Museum to the north; the Brunswick Centre to the west; and International Hall (a hall of residence of the University of London) to the south. East is an enclosed area of playgrounds with further trees, Coram's Fields, associated with charity Coram Family which is just over double its size; next to that area Brunswick Square is mirrored, symmetrically by Mecklenburgh Square, likewise of 3 acres including roads. The squares are named after contemporary Queen consorts (the wife of George III and the wife of his eldest son George IV).

Cavendish Square

Cavendish Square is a public square in the West End of London, very close to Oxford Circus, where the two main shopping thoroughfares of Oxford Street and Regent Street meet. It is located at the eastern end of Wigmore Street, which connects it to Portman Square, part of the Portman Estate, to its west. One side is faced by the rear of the flagship John Lewis shop.

Chester Square

Chester Square is a small residential garden square located in London's Belgravia district. Along with its sister squares Belgrave Square and Eaton Square, it is one of the three garden squares built by the Grosvenor family when they developed the main part of Belgravia in the 19th century.

Chester Square is named after the city of Chester, near to which Eaton Hall, the ancestral home of the Grosvenor family, stands.The property at 32 Chester Square was used as a filming location for the music video of the Morrissey song "Suedehead".

1–13 and 14–23, 24–32, 37–39, 42–45, 45a, 45b, 65–76 and 77–80, 80a, and 84–88 Chester Square and the Mews Arch are all listed Grade II for their architectural merit.The gardens are Grade II listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens. They are not open to the public.

Fitzroy Square

Fitzroy Square is one of the Georgian squares in London and is the only one found in the central London area known as Fitzrovia.

Gordon Square

Gordon Square is part of the Bedford Estate in Bloomsbury, London, United Kingdom (postal district WC1).

Grosvenor Square

Grosvenor Square is a large garden square in the Mayfair district of London. It is the centrepiece of the Mayfair property of the Duke of Westminster, and takes its name from the surname "Grosvenor".

Hanover Square, Westminster

Hanover Square is a square in Mayfair, Westminster, situated to the south west of Oxford Circus, the major junction where Oxford Street meets Regent Street.

The streets which converge at Hanover Square are (in alphabetical order): Brook Street, Dering Street, Hanover Street, Harewood Place and Princes Street.

Hanover Square was developed from 1713 as a fashionable residential address by Richard Lumley, 1st Earl of Scarbrough, a soldier and statesman best known for his role in the Glorious Revolution. Like Scarbrough, most of the early residents were staunch supporters of the Hanoverian succession of 1714. "Early Hanover Square was decidedly Whig and most decidedly military", commented the architectural historian Sir John Summerson. Early residents included Generals Earl Cadogan, Sir Charles Wills, Stewart, Evans, Lord Carpenter and John Pepper, "names conspicuously associated with episodes in Marlborough’s war and the 'Fifteen'."While a few of the 18th-century houses remain largely intact, most of the square has been reconstructed in a variety of periods. It is now almost entirely occupied by offices, including the London office of Vogue, the UK headquarters of the telecoms and data consultancy Expect Solutions, MVA Consultancy, and the global headquarters of property consultancy SMART4.

The parish church of St George's, Hanover Square, is a short distance to the south of the square at the junction of St George Street and Maddox Street, built on land given by William Steuart. In 1759 James Abercrombie, commander-in-chief of British forces in North America during the French and Indian War, resided in St George Street.

Hoxton Square

Hoxton Square is a garden square situated in Hoxton in the London Borough of Hackney, in London's East End. Laid out in 1683, it is thought to be one of the oldest squares in London. At one time home to industrial premises, since the 1990s it has become the heart of the Hoxton arts and media scene, as well as being a hub of the thriving local entertainment district. Since the year 2000 the square's buildings, largely of Victorian vintage, have become host to a variety of bars, restaurants and clubs.

Manchester Square

Manchester Square is an 18th-century garden square in the Marylebone area in London, England, a short distance north of Oxford Street. It is one of the smaller but better preserved Georgian squares in central London. The central section of the northern side of the square is occupied by a mansion once known as Manchester House and later as Hertford House, which is now the home of the Wallace Collection, a major collection of fine and decorative arts. The house and square form part of Marylebone's Portman Estate. Construction on both was underway by around 1776.

Famous residents in the square have included Julius Benedict, the German-born composer, who lived at no. 2, John Hughlings Jackson, the English neurologist, who lived at no. 3, and Alfred, Lord Milner, the British statesman and colonial administrator, at no. 14. Admiral Sir Thomas Foley and his wife (later widow) Lady Lucy Anne FitzGerald occupied no. 1 as their London townhouse during the first half of the nineteenth century. In 1814 and 1815 Manchester Square became briefly famous, when newspapers reported that a pig-faced woman was living there.The cover photograph for Please Please Me, the first LP by The Beatles, was taken by Angus McBean in 1963. It showed the group looking down over the stairwell inside EMI House in Manchester Square, EMI's London headquarters at the time (now demolished). A repeat photo was taken in 1969 for the cover of their then-intended Get Back album; it was not used when the project saw release as Let It Be, but was eventually used on the retrospective albums 1962–1966 and 1967–1970.

In the early 20th century, the chemical company ICI moved into a new headquarters in the north-west corner of the square, which was designed in a style that blends in with the traditional architecture to some extent. The remainder of the square is still occupied by tall brick Georgian terraced houses, many of which are now offices.

Manchester Square Fire Station, actually a few blocks away in Chiltern Street, was decommissioned in June 2005 by the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority (LFEPA), and is now a luxury hotel and restaurant.

Queen Square, London

Queen Square is a garden square in the Bloomsbury district of central London. Many of its buildings are associated with medicine, particularly neurology.

Redcliffe Square

Redcliffe Square is a town square located in the Kensington area of southwest central London, England (postcode SW10). Redcliffe Square Gardens are located in the square.Redcliffe Gardens runs northwest–southeast through the square. To the east is The Boltons. To the southwest is Brompton Cemetery.

The square is home to St Luke's Church, Redcliffe Gardens and Redcliffe School's early years and pre-prep school.

Russell Square

Russell Square is a large garden square in Bloomsbury, in the London Borough of Camden, built predominantly by James Burton. It is near the University of London's main buildings and the British Museum. To the north is Woburn Place, and to the south-east is Southampton Row. Russell Square tube station is nearby to the north-east.It is named after the surname of the Earls and Dukes of Bedford; the freehold remains with the Bedford Estate, though the square is managed by Camden Council. The gardens are Grade II-listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.In 2005, two terrorist bombings occurred near the square. One of the bombings was on a London Underground train between King's Cross St Pancras tube station and Russell Square tube station, and another was on a bus on Tavistock Square, near Russell Square. To commemorate the victims, flowers were laid at the square. In 2016 the Russell Square stabbing took place.

Tavistock Square

Tavistock Square is a public square in Bloomsbury, in the London Borough of Camden.

Wilton Crescent

Wilton Crescent is an early 19th century-built street of Grade II listed buildings and also describes its central private communal garden (also known as Wilton Garden). It is in Belgravia, London and is often taken to fall into the category of London's garden squares. The street is notable for its affluent and politically important list of residents, present and historic, and it today includes the High Commission of Singapore and equivalent Embassy of Luxembourg.

Woburn Square

Woburn Square is the smallest of the Bloomsbury squares and owned by the University of London. Designed by Thomas Cubitt and built between 1829 and 1847, it is named after Woburn Abbey, the main country seat of the Dukes of Bedford, who developed much of Bloomsbury.

The original construction was of 41 houses, smaller than those of adjoining Gordon Square and hence with lower rents. The square was built on the boundary between the parishes of St. Pancras and Holborn and the boundary marker stones are still visible in the gardens. The two squares were built to improve land that was originally marshland.

This narrow square was longer, extending down towards Russell Square, before the southern half and the Lewis Vulliamy designed Christ Church were demolished in the 1970s to make space for new buildings for the School of Oriental and African Studies and the Institute of Education.

London landmarks
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