Spyridon Trikoupis

Spiridon Trikoupis (Greek: Σπυρίδων Τρικούπης; April 20, 1788 – February 24, 1873) was a Greek statesman, diplomat, author and orator. He was the first Prime Minister of Greece (1833) and member of provisional governments of Greece since 1826.

He was born in Missolonghi and was son of the primate of Missolonghi, Ioannis Trikoupis. After studying in Paris and London, he became private secretary to Frederick North, 5th Earl of Guilford, Governor of the Ionian Islands.

During the Greek War of Independence, he occupied several important administrative and diplomatic posts. He was a member of the provisional government in 1826, a member of the national convention at Troezen in 1827, and president of the council and minister of foreign affairs in 1832. He was appointed the first Prime Minister of Greece in 1833. He was thrice Greek minister (ambassador) to London (1834–1837, 1841–1843 and 1849–1862)[1], and in 1850 envoy-extraordinary to Paris.

His funeral oration for his friend Lord Byron, delivered in the cathedral of Missolonghi in 1824[2][3] was translated into many languages. A collection of his earlier religious and political orations was published in Paris in 1836. He was the author of Istoria tis Ellinikis Epanastaseos (London, 1853–1857), his work on the history of the Greek revolution. He was the father of Charilaos Trikoupis, also a Prime Minister of Greece.

Spyridon Trikoupis
Σπυρίδων Τρικούπης
1st Prime Minister of Greece
In office
February 6, 1833 – October 24, 1833
Preceded by(various Governmental Commities)
Augustinos Kapodistrias
as Governor
Succeeded byAlexandros Mavrokordatos
Personal details
BornApril 20, 1788
Missolonghi, Ottoman empire
DiedFebruary 24, 1873 (aged 84)
Athens, Greece
Political partyEnglish Party
ChildrenCharilaos Trikoupis


  1. ^ https://www.mfa.gr/uk/en/the-embassy/history/missions-history.html
  2. ^ Richard Edgcumbe, Byron: the Last Phase, Haskell House Publishers (New York, 1972) p. 185-190
  3. ^ Pietro Gamba, A Narrative of Lord Byron's Last Journey to Greece: Extracted from the journal of Count Peter Gamba, who attended his lordship on that expedition, Folcroft Library Editions (1975) p.339

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
None (civil war)
Prime Minister of Greece
6 February – 24 October 1833
Succeeded by
Alexandros Mavrokordatos
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Greek Minister to the United Kingdom
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Greek Minister to the United Kingdom
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Greek Minister to the United Kingdom
Succeeded by
23 October 1862 Revolution

The 23 October 1862 Revolution was a popular insurrection which led to the overthrow of King Otto of Greece. Starting on 18 October in Vonitsa, it soon spread to other cities and reached Athens on 22 October.

Administrative Committee of Greece (1831)

The Administrative Committee of Greece (Greek: Διοικητική Επιτροπή της Ελλάδος) of 1831 was a committee that was created to temporarily assume the executive powers that had been left vacant with the assassination of Governor Ioannis Kapodistrias. The Committee came into being in December 1831 and was dissolved in February or March 1832.

The Committee was presided by Kapodistrias' brother Augustinos. The other members of the Committee were Theodoros Kolokotronis and Ioannis Kolettis. The Committee was dissolved in March 1832 after Augustinos left to return to Corfu.

On 28 March 1832, a new five-person Administrative Committee was created with Georgios Kountouriotis, Alexander Ypsilantis, Andreas Zaimis, Markos Botsaris, and Spyridon Trikoupis.

Administrative Committee of Greece (1832)

A number of different and competing administrations used the name Administrative Committee (Greek: Διοικητική Επιτροπή) throughout 1832, each claiming responsibility for a different part of Greece, all after the dissolution of the Administrative Committee of 1831 of Augustinos Kapodistrias, Theodoros Kolokotronis, and Ioannis Kolettis

Aikaterini Trikoupi

Aikaterini Trikoupi (Greek: Αικατερίνη Τρικούπη, Constantinople, 1800 – Aegina, 15 July 1871) was the wife of the Prime Minister of Greece and historian Spyridon Trikoupis. Her son was Charilaos Trikoupis, also a prime minister.

Alexandros Mavrokordatos

Alexandros Mavrokordatos (Greek: Αλέξανδρος Μαυροκορδάτος; 11 February 1791 – 18 August 1865) was a Greek statesman and member of the Mavrocordatos family of Phanariotes.

Asimakis Fotilas

Asimakis Fotilas (Greek: Ασημάκης Φωτήλας) (1761–1835) was a Greek politician and a revolutionary leader.

Augustinos Kapodistrias

Count Augustinos Ioannis Maria Kapodistrias (Greek: Αυγουστίνος Ιωάννης Μαρία Καποδίστριας, 1778–1857) was a Greek soldier and politician. He was born in Corfu. Kapodistrias was the younger brother of the first Governor of Greece Ioannis Kapodistrias and Viaros Kapodistrias (politician, lawyer and member of Filiki Eteria). After the latter's assassination on October 9, 1831, Augustinos succeeded his brother as head of the governing council, and at the office of governor. His six-month rule was marked by political instability and the country's slide to anarchy.

Battle of Kamatero

The Battle of Kamatero was an armed conflict during the Greek revolution between the Greek forces under the command of the Greek ex officer of the French army, Colonel Denis Bourbaki and the Ottoman forces led by Reşid Mehmed Pasha. The battle ended with the decisive victory of the Ottomans on the night of 27 January 1827 (O.S.) in Kamatero, Greece (near Menidi).

Christos Palaskas

Christos Palaskas (Greek: Χρήστος Παλάσκας, Gotista, Ioannina, 1788 – Drakospilia, Parnassos, 1822) was a Greek chieftain during the Greek War of Independence. He was killed on 25 May 1822 by Odysseas Androutsos’s men, during an internal conflict.

Dionysios Solomos

Dionysios Solomos (; Greek: Διονύσιος Σολωμός [ði.oniˈsios soloˈmos]; 8 April 1798 – 9 February 1857) was a Greek poet from Zakynthos, but his grandfather was from Candia (Heraklion) and moved to Zakynthos after the conquest by the Othomans in 1669. He is best known for writing the Hymn to Liberty (Greek: Ὕμνος εις την Ἐλευθερίαν, Ýmnos eis tīn Eleutherían), of which the first two stanzas, set to music by Nikolaos Mantzaros, became the Greek and Cypriot national anthem in 1865. He was the central figure of the Heptanese School of poetry, and is considered the national poet of Greece—not only because he wrote the national anthem, but also because he contributed to the preservation of earlier poetic tradition and highlighted its usefulness to modern literature. Other notable poems include Ὁ Κρητικός (Τhe Cretan), Ἐλεύθεροι Πολιορκημένοι (The Free Besieged) and others. A characteristic of his work is that no poem except the Hymn to Liberty was completed, and almost nothing was published during his lifetime.

Early Greek parties

Early Greek parties were not features of the provisional and regional governments that were set up between 1821 and 1832. Nascent political parties were organized around a variety of interests and backgrounds, but regardless of these various factors, the political formations were named after one of the three Great Powers (Britain, France and Russia) that established the Kingdom of Greece in 1832.

English Party

The English Party (Greek: Αγγλικό Κóμμα), was one of the three informal early Greek parties that dominated the political history of the First Hellenic Republic and the first years of the Kingdom Of Greece during the early 19th century, the other two being the Russian Party and the French Party.

Giannis Chondrogiannis

Giannis Chondrogiannis or Hondrogiannis (Greek: Γιάννης Χοντρογιάννης; 1761–1835) was a Greek politician and a revolutionary leader. He worked with Asimakis Zaimis.

Loutro, Messenia

Loutro (Greek, Modern: Λουτρό) is a small town in the municipality of Oichalia, Messenia, Peloponnese, Southern Greece. There is a small church in the west side of the town and a large square where children play soccer and hide-and-seek. Five other small towns surround Loutro: Filia, Meligalas, Malta, Meropi, and Oichalia. Loutro has two cafeterias.

History [edit]

The earliest reference to the name "Bath" made in 1835 as a municipal district of the municipality Ichalia. The village, however, seems to have been part of the ancient city, since the references are to Oichalia by Pausanias, Strabo and others, the area from the edge to the edge Ichalia kiss allegedly Oichalia. Name Oichalia due to his wife Melanie King, son of Apollo. In the area there was a large temple dedicated to the goddess Demeter and Persephone. In the temple ritual events were similar to the Eleusinian mysteries.

Loutro became the first meaningful battle for the liberation of Greece in 1821. On March 20, 1821 at "Mouritses" became a decisive battle for the outcome of the match, after that point was the passage of Kalamata. From Bathroom was even one of the three captains named Petropoulos (Barampos), the family still exists today, was the principal chieftain Papatsonis where after three-hour battle captured all the Turkish name of the village is not listed in excellence that it shall be given the battle of Verga and Almyros from 22 to 24 June 1826. The names are: Yanis Iliakopoulou, Thodorakis Iliakopoulou, Dimitrakis Konstantopoulos, Adam Miller. Also took part in the battle and Liaros, Mafrandras and chieftain Barampos (Petropoulos).

Due to the strategic location of the area east of the village and over the position Tsakona has occurred biggest battle reign Franks. In 1265 the battle of Makryplagiou crash that resulted in the Greeks after the betrayal of the Seljuk Turks who were sent from Byzantium. The Greeks and the Slavs of moth Gortynias were lined up on the slopes of the hands (of paradise and Derveni until Ellinitsa), while the Franks with the Seljuks came up from the passage of Tsakonas and the villages of pit or lakkochoria (MEROPI- muse-Tsaousides-TOSKESI (Oichalia)-BATH-kiss). At the time of the Morea, the battle came as a Change and as Tourkoleka (there was an important castle was Gardiki the castle of Oria). The strategic location of Makryplagiou also evident from the report of Spyridon Trikoupis where in his book "THE HISTORY OF THE GREEK REVOLUTION" tells us that Kolokotronis to halt the march of Ibrahim Pasha of Tripoli posted in late May 1825, gunmen in 3000 Makryplagi and other mosque in 1000 (Charandros) located north of the village

Meletis Vasileiou

Meletis Vasileiou (Greek: Μελέτης Βασιλείου, 1778–1826) from Chasia in Attica was a leader of the Greek War of Independence who contributed a lot to the organization of the revolutionary forces in Attica.

Panagiotis Karatzas

Panagiotis Karatzas (Greek: Παναγιώτης Καρατζάς; 17th century – 1824) was a Greek revolutionary leader in Patras during the Greek Revolution of 1821. During his childhood years he showed his bravery and defiance against the Turkish and often fighting with Turkish peers. He fled for the Ionian Islands, which were then under English rule, and moved to Zakynthos and enrolled into the British Army in the 3rd Greek Legion. He returned to Patras in 1809.

He was one of the main commanders during the Siege of Patras (1821). He was against the Ottoman era local kodjabashis of the area. He was murdered by Greek rivals in 1824.

Russian Party

The Russian Party (Greek: Ρωσικό Κóμμα), presenting itself as the Napist Party ("Dell Party", Greek: κόμμα των Ναπαίων), one of the Early Greek parties, was an informal grouping of Greek political leaders that formed during the brief period of the First Hellenic Republic (1828-1831) and lasted through the reign of King Otto. The parties of that era were named after one of the three Great Powers who had together settled the Greek War of Independence in the Treaty of Constantinople (1832). The three rival powers, Russia, the United Kingdom and France came together in order to check the power of the other two nations.

The Russian Party had considerable power, enjoying privileged access to the Orthodox Church, the state machinery, military leaders, and Peloponnesian political families; but it was also popular with a significant section of the common people who wanted a strong centralized government to crush the power of the Greek shipping magnates and the rest of the business class, which followed the English Party.


Spyridon (Ancient Greek: Σπυρίδων; Greek: Σπυρίδωνας) is a Greek male given name. It is often shortened to Σπύρος (Spyros), often Anglicised as Spyro or Spiro, as Spyridon sounds archaic and ecclesiastical. The name originates in ancient Greek, originating from Spyris (Σπυρίς), meaning the one who manufactures spyrides (σπυρίδες), which were a kind of wicker baskets, or meaning the affluent, the rich man, who has much grain or other goods to spyrides (σπυρίδες).

Individuals bearing this name include:

Saint Spyridon, Orthodox saintSt Spyridon College, Greek Orthodox school in SydneyArchbishop Spyridon of Athens, former Archbishop of Athens

Spiro Agnew, 39th Vice President of the United States from 1969 to 1973, under President Richard Nixon

Spyridon Belokas (1877–unknown), Greek runner

Spyros Christopoulos, Greek footballer

Spyridon Gianniotis, freestyle swimmer

Spyros Gogolos, Greek footballer

Spyros Kokotos, Greek architect

Spyros Kyprianou, 2nd President of the Republic of Cyprus

Spyridon Lambros, Greek history professor and former Prime Minister of Greece

Spiros Livathinos, Greek footballer and football coach

Spyridon Louis, gold medalist of the first modern Olympic Marathon

Spyridon Marinatos, 20th century archaeologist

Spyros Markezinis, Greek politician

Spyridon Merkouris, Greek politician, long-time mayor of Athens

Spyros Moustakas, Greek writer

Spyros Moustaklis, Greek democracy activist

Spyros Paliouras, Greek writer

Spyros Spyromilios, Greek Gendarmerie officer in the Greek struggle for Macedonia

Spyridon Trikoupis, 2nd Prime Minister of Greece

Spyridon Samaras, Greek composer

Spyridon Stais, Greek politician

Spyridon Trikoupis, former Prime Minister of Greece

Spyros Vallas, Greek footballer

Spyridon Vasdekis, Greek long jumper

Spyridon Vassiliadis, Greek poet and playwright

Spyros Vrettos, Greek poet

Spyridon Xyndas, 19th century musician

Martinus Spyridon Johannes Lodewijk, Dutch comics writer and cartoonist, and advertising adviser.


Trikoupis may refer to:

Charilaos Trikoupis

Nikolaos Trikoupis

Spyridon Trikoupis

Ottoman Greece
Greek Enlightenment
European intervention and
Greek involvement in
the Napoleonic Wars
Naval conflicts
Greek regional councils and statutes
Greek national assemblies
International Conferences,
Treaties and Protocols
Moldavia and Wallachia
(Danubian Principalities)
Ottoman Empire, Algeria, and Egypt
Britain, France and Russia
Morea expedition
First Hellenic Republic
Kingdom of Greece (Wittelsbach)
Kingdom of Greece (Glücksburg)
Second Hellenic Republic
Kingdom of Greece (Glücksburg)
Military Junta
Third Hellenic Republic
(since 1974)
First Hellenic Republic
Kingdom of Greece (Wittelsbach)
Kingdom of Greece (Glücksburg)
Second Hellenic Republic
Kingdom of Greece (Glücksburg)
Military Junta
Third Hellenic Republic
(since 1974)

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