Springfield Fire Department

The Springfield Fire Department provides fire protection and emergency medical services to the city of Springfield, Massachusetts. The department is one of the oldest established fire departments in the United States.[3]

Springfield Fire Department
SpringfieldMA FDBadge
Operational area
Country United States
State Massachusetts
City Springfield
Agency overview[1]
EstablishedJanuary 17, 1794
Annual calls15,953 (2012)
Employees225 (2012)
Annual budget$19,149,354 (2012)
StaffingCareer
CommissionerBernard J. Calvi
IAFF648
Facilities and equipment[2]
Battalions2
Stations8
Engines8
Trucks4
Rescues1
HAZMAT1
Wildland1
Website
Official website
IAFF website

History

In the 1670s, Springfield was burned to the ground during the King Philip's War. As a result, the settlers started to focus on the need for fire protection. Technology of the time limited this protection to a simple bucket brigade.[3] On January 17, 1794 citizens formed a volunteer fire club that agreed to "preserve the lives and property of each other from destruction by fire". This was the start of what would become the Springfield Fire department and makes it one of the oldest established fire departments in the country.[3]

This volunteer department was supplemented by aid from the Springfield Armory until the late 1800s. In 1852 the town was incorporated into a city and this called for a new fire organization.[3] Years later in 1872, the department transitioned to an all paid department. This transition brought about the establishment of a central telegraph alarm system and the creation of a gravity-fed, reservoir water system which is still in use. In 1913, the Department became one of the first municipal department in the country to be completely motorized, using Knox fire engines manufactured in Springfield.[3]

Stations and apparatus

The Springfield Fire Department operates out of 8 fire stations.[2]

Address Engine Ladder Special Command
1 605 Worthington St Engine 1 Ladder 1 [4]
3 382 White St Engine 3 Ladder 3 District Chief 2 [5]
5 15 Odessa St. Engine 5 (Quint) [6]
8 33 Eastern Ave Engine 8 Truck 2 Rescue Squad [7]
9 1212 Carew St Engine 9 Ladder 9 Arson/Bomb Squad Unit District Chief 1 [8]
10 2729 Main St Engine 10 [9]
12 1265 Parker St Engine 12 Brush 1 [10]
16 14 Massreco St Engine 16 [11]

Disbanded Fire Companies

Throughout the history of the Springfield Fire Department, several fire companies have been disbanded.

* Engine 2 - 14 Massreco St.
* Engine 4
* Engine 6 - 25 Mill St.
* Engine 7 - 605 Worthington St.
* Engine 11
* Engine 13 - 157 Pine St.
* Engine 14 - 1045 Sumner Ave.
* Engine 15 - 833 Page Blvd.
* Ladder 5 - 15 Odessa St.
* Ladder 8 - 33 Eastern Ave. 
* Ladder 10 - 2729 Main St.
* Ladder 12 - 1265 Parker St.

References

  1. ^ "Fiscal year 2014 Budget" (PDF). Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Firehouse Locations". Springfield Fire Department. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  3. ^ a b c d e "History". Springfield Fire Department. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  4. ^ "Station 1". IAFF Local 648. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  5. ^ "Station 3". IAFF Local 648. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  6. ^ "Station 5". IAFF Local 648. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  7. ^ "Station 8". IAFF Local 648. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  8. ^ "Station 9". IAFF Local 648. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  9. ^ "Station 10". IAFF Local 648. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  10. ^ "Station 12". IAFF Local 648. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  11. ^ "Station 16". IAFF Local 648. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
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History of Springfield, Massachusetts

Springfield, Massachusetts, was founded in 1636 as Agawam, the northernmost settlement of the Connecticut Colony. The settlement defected from Connecticut after four years, however, later joining forces with the coastal Massachusetts Bay Colony. The town changed its name to Springfield, and changed the political boundaries among what later became New England states. The history of Springfield, Massachusetts springs in large part from its favorable geography, situated on a steep bluff overlooking the Connecticut River's confluence with three tributaries. It was an ancient Indian crossroad for two major trade routes: Boston-to-Albany and New York City-to-Montreal. Springfield also sits on some of the northeastern United States' most fertile soil.Springfield flourished as a trading post and agricultural center until 1675's King Philip's War, when a coalition of Indians laid siege to Springfield and later burned it to the ground. Its prosperity waned for the next hundred years but, in 1777, Revolutionary War leaders made it a National Armory to store weapons, and in 1795 it began manufacturing muskets. Until 1968, the Armory made small arms. Its first American muskets (1794) were followed by the famous Springfield rifle and the revolutionary M1 Garand and M14s. The Springfield Armory attracted generations of skilled laborers to the city, making it the United States' longtime center for precision manufacturing (comparable to a Silicon Valley of the Industrial Revolution). The Armory's near-capture during Shays Rebellion of 1787 was among the troubles that prompted the U.S. Constitutional Convention later that year.Innovations in the 19th and 20th centuries include the first American English dictionary (1805, Noah Webster), the first use of interchangeable parts and the assembly line in manufacturing (1819, Thomas Blanchard), the first American horseless car (1825, again Thomas Blanchard), vulcanized rubber (1844, Charles Goodyear), the first American gasoline-powered car (1893, Duryea Brothers), the first American motorcycle company (1901, "Indian"), an early commercial radio station (1921, WBZ, and most famously, the world's third-most-popular sport of basketball (1891, Dr. James Naismith).

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Springfield, Massachusetts

Springfield is a city in the state of Massachusetts, United States, and the seat of Hampden County. Springfield sits on the eastern bank of the Connecticut River near its confluence with three rivers: the western Westfield River, the eastern Chicopee River, and the eastern Mill River. As of the 2010 Census, the city's population was 153,060. As of 2017, the estimated population was 154,758, making it the third-largest city in Massachusetts, the fourth-most populous city in New England after Boston, Worcester, and Providence, and the 12th-most populous in the Northeastern United States. Metropolitan Springfield, as one of two metropolitan areas in Massachusetts (the other being Greater Boston), had a population of 692,942 as of 2010.The first Springfield in the New World, during the American Revolution, George Washington designated it as the site of the Springfield Armory for its central location, subsequently the site of Shays' Rebellion. The city would also play a pivotal role in the Civil War, as a major stop on the Underground Railroad and home of abolitionist John Brown, best known for his raid on Harpers Ferry, and for the Armory's manufacture of the famed "Springfield rifles" used ubiquitously by Union troops. Closing during the Johnson administration, today the national park historic site features the largest collection of historic American firearms in the world. Today the city is the largest in western New England, and the urban, economic, and media capital of Massachusetts' section of the Connecticut River Valley, colloquially known as the Pioneer Valley.

Springfield has several nicknames – "The City of Firsts", due to the many innovations developed there, such as the first American dictionary, the first American gas-powered automobile, and the first machining lathe for interchangeable parts; "The City of Homes", due to its Victorian residential architecture; and "Hoop City", as basketball – one of the world's most popular sports – was invented in Springfield in 1891 by James Naismith.

Hartford, the capital of Connecticut, lies 24 miles (39 km) south of Springfield, on the western bank of the Connecticut River. The Hartford-Springfield region is known as the Knowledge Corridor because it hosts over 160,000 university students and over 32 universities and liberal arts colleges – the second-highest concentration of higher-learning institutions in the United States. The city of Springfield itself is home to Springfield College, Western New England University, American International College, and Springfield Technical Community College, among other higher educational institutions.

Symbols of Springfield, Massachusetts

The City of Springfield, Massachusetts has two official symbols, and is also often represented by depictions of the Municipal Group as a de facto emblem of its government.

West Springfield, Massachusetts

West Springfield is a city in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of the Springfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 28,391 at the 2010 census. The city is also known as "West Side", in reference to the fact that it is on the western side of the Connecticut River from Springfield, a fact which played a major part in the town's early history.

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