Springfield, Vermont

Springfield is a town in Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population was 9,373 at the 2010 census.

Springfield, Vermont
The Eureka Schoolhouse (1790), Vermont's oldest one-room school
The Eureka Schoolhouse (1790), Vermont's oldest one-room school
Flag of Springfield, Vermont

Flag
Motto(s): 
Progress Through Precision
Location in Windsor County and the state of Vermont.
Location in Windsor County and the state of Vermont.
Springfield, Vermont is located in the United States
Springfield, Vermont
Springfield, Vermont
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 43°18′N 72°29′W / 43.300°N 72.483°WCoordinates: 43°18′N 72°29′W / 43.300°N 72.483°W
CountryUnited States
StateVermont
CountyWindsor
Chartered1761
Area
 • Total49.5 sq mi (128.1 km2)
 • Land49.3 sq mi (127.7 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation
531 ft (162 m)
Population
(2010)
 • Total9,373
 • Density190.1/sq mi (73.4/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
05156 and 05150
Area code(s)802
FIPS code50-69550[1]
GNIS feature ID1462214[2]
Websitewww.springfieldvt.govoffice2.com

History

The land currently recognized as Springfield is the traditional land of the Pennacook and Abenaki people.[3]

PostcardSpringfieldVTBlackRiverAndFalls1910
Black River and falls c. 1910
Springfield, Vermont (1915)
Springfield, 1915
SimpsonsSpringfieldVT
The Springfield Theater premiere of The Simpsons Movie, 2007

One of the New Hampshire grants, the township was chartered on August 20, 1761 by Governor Benning Wentworth and awarded to Gideon Lyman and 61 others. Although Springfield's alluvial flats made it among the best agricultural towns in the state, the Black River falls, which drop 110 feet (33.5 m) in 1/8 of a mile (201 m), helped it develop into a mill town.[4] Springfield was located in the center of the Precision Valley region, home of the Vermont machine tool industry.

In 1888, the Jones and Lamson Machine Tool Company (J&L) moved to Springfield from Windsor, Vermont under the successful leadership of James Hartness. Gaining international renown for precision and innovation, J&L ushered in a new era of precision manufacturing in the area. Edwin R. Fellows co-founded the Fellows Gear Shaper Company here in 1896. As knowledge and infrastructure grew to support precision machining, other companies such as the Bryant Chucking Grinder Company and Lovejoy Tool formed, grew, and provided much of the economic engine. Springfield Telescope Makers, the oldest amateur telescope makers' club in the United States, has been headquartered in Springfield since its inception in 1920. The club's clubhouse, Stellafane, located on the campus of Stellafane Observatory has hosted a convention for the geographically scattered club since 1927. During World War II, Springfield's production of machine tools was of such importance to the American war effort that the US government ranked Springfield (together with the Cone at Windsor) as the seventh most important bombing target in the country.[5]

Springfield is also home to the Eureka Schoolhouse, the oldest one-room school in the state of Vermont. Completed in 1790, the building was in continuous use until 1900 and was restored in 1968 by the Vermont Board of Historic Sites. The school house was named by its first teacher, David Searle, who, after a long journey through the new frontier was heard to cry "Eureka!" upon reaching the new settlement of Springfield. The name stuck, and "Eureka" can still be found in street and business names throughout Springfield.[6]

Several sites in Springfield, including the historic downtown area, have been designated as having historical significance according to the National Register of Historic Places. Among them are the Hartness House (original home of the entrepreneur and governor) and the Gould's Mill Bridge, a steel truss bridge.[7]

On July 10, 2007, Springfield was selected to host the premiere of The Simpsons Movie, which, like the Simpsons TV show, is set in a town called Springfield. In a Fox competition, Vermont was chosen to host the opening over 13 other places around the nation called Springfield.[8]

Geography

Springfield, Vt. (2675991404)
Lithograph of Springfield from 1886 by L.R. Burleigh with a list of landmarks

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 49.5 square miles (128.1 km2), of which 49.3 square miles (127.7 km2) is land and 0.2 square mile (0.4 km2) (0.30%) is water. Bounded on the east by the Connecticut River, Springfield is drained by the Black River, which flows directly through downtown. The town includes the village of North Springfield.

Cultural and historic sites

  • Eureka Schoolhouse (1790)
  • Hartness Mansion (1903–1904)
  • Springfield Art & Historical Society
  • The Stellafane National Historic Landmark

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
17901,097
18002,03285.2%
18102,55625.8%
18202,7025.7%
18302,7491.7%
18402,625−4.5%
18502,7625.2%
18602,9587.1%
18702,937−0.7%
18803,1447.0%
18902,881−8.4%
19003,43219.1%
19104,78439.4%
19207,20250.5%
19306,955−3.4%
19407,72011.0%
19509,19019.0%
19609,9348.1%
197010,0631.3%
198010,1901.3%
19909,579−6.0%
20009,078−5.2%
20109,3733.2%
Est. 20149,232[9]−1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 9,078 people, 3,886 households, and 2,498 families residing in the town. The population density was 184.1 people per square mile (71.1/km2). There were 4,232 housing units at an average density of 85.8 per square mile (33.1/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.60% White, 0.24% African American, 0.14% Native American, 0.77% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.72% of the population.

There were 3,886 households out of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.9% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.7% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $34,169, and the median income for a family was $42,620. Males had a median income of $31,931 versus $23,019 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,452. About 8.3% of families and 9.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Springfield's public school system currently has two elementary schools, one middle school grades 6-8, and one high school grades 9-12. These schools are overseen by a five-member school board elected individually by staggered elections to three year terms. In 2006 the public technical school, the River Valley Technical Center, left the Springfield School District to form its own district. The Springfield School District is currently undertaking action to renovate its elementary schools. The School Board plans to expand Union Street School and Elm Hill School, while the voters decided in 2008 to cease using Park Street School as a school "As soon as possible" due to prohibitive refurbishment costs and safety issues.

Elementary and middle schools

The city's two public elementary schools are Elm Hill and Union Street Schools.

Riverside Middle School is the town's only public middle school (grades 6-8).

Springfield High School

Springfield High School is Springfield's only high school.

  • Team Name: Cosmos
  • School Colors: Green and White

River Valley Technical Center

The River Valley Technical Center is housed in the Howard Dean Education Center and is adjacent to Springfield High School. The RVTC teaches technical courses to the students of Springfield and surrounding towns of Chester, Bellows Falls, Westminster, Ludlow and Charlestown.

Colleges and universities

Springfield is home to branches of the Community College of Vermont and the University of Vermont, which are housed in the Howard Dean Education Center.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Springfield is crossed by Interstate 91 (Exit 7 serves the town), U.S. Route 5, Vermont Route 10, Vermont Route 11, Vermont Route 106 and Vermont Route 143. Connecticut River Transit's the Current (CRT) provides Springfield with public transportation by bus around town and to Bellows Falls, Ludlow and the White River Junction and Lebanon, New Hampshire areas. The closest Greyhound bus and Amtrak train station is located in Bellows Falls, about 10 miles (16 km) to the south.

Notable people

Scene on Black River, Springfield, VT
Black River in 1907

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "Native American Tribes of Vermont". Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  4. ^ A. J. Coolidge & J. B. Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
  5. ^ Wayne G. Broehl, Jr., Precision Valley: The Machine Tool Companies of Springfield, Vermont. (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1959) p. 184, citing W. Storrs Lee, The Green Mountains of Vermont (New York: Henry Hold & Company, Inc., 1949) p.76.
  6. ^ "Community Development - Agency of Commerce and Community Development". www.dhca.state.vt.us.
  7. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  8. ^ "Vermont town voted Simpsons home". BBC News. 2007-07-10. Retrieved 2007-07-10.
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
  11. ^ Barney, Keith. The History of Springfield, Vermont 1885–1961. William J. Bryant Foundation, 1972. pp. 119, 224.
  12. ^ Hubbard, Charles Horace (1895). History of the Town of Springfield, Vermont. G.H. Walker & Co. pp. 40, 75, 236.
  13. ^ Stone, Arthur F. (1929). The Vermont of Today, with its Background, Attractions and People. 3. New York, NY: Lewis Historical Publishing Company. p. 89.

External links

Charles B. Hoard

Charles Brooks Hoard (June 5, 1805 – November 20, 1886) was a U.S. Representative from New York.

Cheshire Bridge (Connecticut River)

The Cheshire Bridge spans the Connecticut River between Charlestown, New Hampshire and Springfield, Vermont.

Community College of Vermont

The Community College of Vermont (CCV) is a community college in Vermont. It is Vermont's second largest college, serving 7,000 students each semester. The college has 12 locations throughout Vermont as well as extensive online learning options. CCV is the most expensive community college in the United States.

Daric Barton

Daric William Barton (born August 16, 1985) is an American professional baseball first baseman who is currently a free agent. He previously played for the Oakland Athletics.

Dudley C. Haskell

Dudley Chase Haskell (March 23, 1842 – December 16, 1883) was a nineteenth-century politician and merchant from Kansas. He was the grandfather of Otis Halbert Holmes.

He is the namesake of Haskell County in southwestern Kansas.

Edwin W. Stoughton

Edwin Wallace Stoughton (May 14, 1818 – January 7, 1882) was an American lawyer and diplomat.

James Hartness

James Hartness (September 3, 1861 – February 2, 1934) was an American inventor; a mechanical engineer; an entrepreneur who mentored other inventors to develop their machine tool products and create a thriving industrial center in southeastern Vermont; an amateur astronomer who fostered the construction of telescopes by amateurs in his town; an early aviator who built one of Vermont's first airports; and the 58th Governor of Vermont from 1921 to 1923.

James Kochalka

James Kochalka (born May 26, 1967 in Springfield, Vermont) is an American comic book artist and writer, and rock musician. His comics are noted for their blending of the real and the surreal. Largely autobiographical, Kochalka's cartoon expression of the world around him includes such real-life characters as his wife, children, cat, friends and colleagues, but always filtered through his own observations and flights of whimsy. In March 2011 he was declared the cartoonist laureate of Vermont, serving a term of three years.

John M. Pierce

John M. Pierce (1886 – March 4, 1958) was an American teacher and amateur astronomer.

Pierce worked with Russell W. Porter to organize Stellafane, the observatory near Springfield, Vermont where amateur telescope makers still meet annually for the Stellafane convention. He was one of the earliest members of the Springfield Telescope Makers and served as its vice president.

Pierce contributed many articles to the telescope making column conducted by Albert G. Ingalls in Scientific American, and wrote several chapters in the Amateur Telescope Making series of books, including "Motor Drives", "Making Astronomical Flats", and "A Telescope Anyone Can Make" (the latter appeared only in the earliest printings). When the hobby was new and supplies were hard to come by, Pierce set up a small business to provide kits and parts for amateur astronomers.

In 1933 and 1934 he published a series of 14 articles on telescope making in Hugo Gernsback's Everyday Science and Mechanics called "Hobbygrafs" (or sometimes "Hobbygraphs").

Robert E. Cox, in an obituary for Sky and Telescope magazine in 1958, considered John M. Pierce on a par with Ingalls and Porter, describing him as one of "the big three behind the amateur telescope making movement in America."

Karen Arthur

Karen Arthur (born August 24, 1941, in Omaha, Nebraska) is an American film director, producer, and actress.Arthur has directed three feature films, including Lady Beware (1987) and The Mafu Cage (1978), but the majority of her work has been in television, where she has had a long and prolific career directing television movies and series. In 1985, she won a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Directing in a Drama Series (for an episode of Cagney & Lacey).She is currently a resident of the town of Springfield, Vermont.

Lewis R. Morris

Lewis Richard Morris (November 2, 1760–December 29, 1825) was an American lawyer and politician. He served as a United States Representative from Vermont.

Mount Ephraim (Vermont)

Mount Ephraim is a 1,490-foot (450 m) mountain near Springfield, Vermont, U.S. and the highest land mass in the Precision Valley. It features one of several mysterious stone monuments that appear through the area.

North Springfield, Vermont

North Springfield is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in the town of Springfield, Windsor County, Vermont, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population of the CDP was 573. It lies at an altitude of 495 feet (151 m). A post office has been operated in North Springfield since 1832. Black River Produce, a major food processor and distributor, is headquartered in the village.

It is the location of the Stellafane Observatory, which is a National Historic Landmark.

Pattrice jones

pattrice jones is an ecofeminist writer, educator, and activist. She is the co-founder of VINE Sanctuary in Springfield, Vermont, an LGBTQ-run farmed animal sanctuary.

Russell W. Porter

Russell Williams Porter (December 13, 1871 – February 22, 1949) was an American artist, engineer, amateur astronomer and Arctic explorer. He was a pioneer in the field of “cutaway illustration" and is sometimes referred to as the "founder" or one of the "founders" of amateur telescope making."

Springfield (CDP), Vermont

Springfield is a census-designated place (CDP) comprising the main settlement within the town of Springfield, Windsor County, Vermont, United States. The population of the CDP was 3,979 at the 2010 census, compared with 9,373 for the town as a whole.

Stellafane

Stellafane (Latin for shrine to the stars) is the name of the clubhouse built by the Springfield Telescope Makers club of Springfield, Vermont in the early 1920s, and has since come to refer to the club's land and buildings on the summit of Breezy Hill. It also refers to the Stellafane Convention, a gathering of amateur telescope makers and amateur astronomers (star party) held every year at that location. The property is a National Historic Landmark.

Tory's Cave (Springfield, Vermont)

Tory's Cave is in Springfield, Vermont, across the Connecticut River from Charlestown, New Hampshire.

The cave has two entrances, one of which has a commanding view of the river. The cave contains a room large enough to accommodate several people.In 1781, Shem Kemfield, a Tory from Charlestown, New Hampshire, and several companions lived in the cave for a short time.

Vermont Route 11

Vermont Route 11 (abbreviated VT 11) is an east–west state highway in Vermont, United States. The western end of the highway is at Vermont Route 7A in Manchester. The eastern end is at the New Hampshire border at the Cheshire Bridge over the Connecticut River, connecting Springfield, Vermont and Charlestown, New Hampshire. The route continues into New Hampshire as New Hampshire Route 11, and then following that into Maine as Maine State Route 11. The three Routes 11, totaling 551.7 miles (887.9 km) in length, were once part of the New England Interstate system.

Places adjacent to Springfield, Vermont
Municipalities and communities of Windsor County, Vermont, United States
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