Springfield is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Clark County. The municipality is located in west central Ohio and is situated on the Mad River, Buck Creek, and Beaver Creek, approximately 45 miles (72 km) west of Columbus and 25 miles (40 km) northeast of Dayton. Springfield is home to Wittenberg University, a liberal arts college.
As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 60,608, The Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area had a population of 138,333 residents. and the Dayton-Springfield-Greenville, OH Combined Statistical Area had 1,072,891 residents. The Little Miami Scenic Trail, a paved rail-trail which is almost 80 miles long, goes from the Buck Creek Scenic Trailhead in Springfield south to Newtown, Ohio (near Cincinnati), and is popular with hikers and cyclists.
In 1983, Newsweek featured Springfield in its 50th-anniversary issue, entitled, "The American Dream." It chronicled the impact of the past 50 years on five local families. In 2004, Springfield was chosen as an "All-America City." In the 2010s, Springfield was one of the lowest-ranking cities in the state and nation for indicators such as health, happiness, and well-being.
|City of Springfield|
The Home City, The Rose City (City of Roses), The Champion City, The Field
Location within the state of Ohio
Location of Springfield in Clark County
|• Mayor||Warren R. Copeland (D)|
|• City||25.50 sq mi (66.04 km2)|
|• Land||25.29 sq mi (65.50 km2)|
|• Water||0.21 sq mi (0.54 km2)|
|Elevation||978 ft (298 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,396.5/sq mi (925.3/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1065370|
The villages of Peckuwe and Piqua were located near today's Springfield, Ohio, at 39° 54.5′ N, 83° 54.68′ W, and 39° 54.501′ N, 83° 54.682′ W respectively, and were home to the Peckuwe and Kispoko Divisions of the Shawnee Tribe until the Battle of Piqua, August 8, 1780. The Piqua Sept of Ohio Shawnee Tribe has placed a traditional cedar pole in commemoration, located "on the southern edge of the George Rogers Clark Historical Park, in the lowlands in front of the park's 'Hertzler House'."
Springfield was founded by James Demint, a former teamster from Kentucky, in 1801. When Clark County was created from parts of Champaign, Madison, and Greene counties, Springfield, named for Springfield, Massachusetts—which, at the time, was important for hosting the U.S. Federal Springfield Armory; enduring the Attack on Springfield during King Philip's War in 1675; and Shays' Rebellion in 1787—beat out the village of New Boston as the county seat in 1818 by two votes in the state legislature.
Springfield traces its early growth to the National Road, which ended in Springfield for approximately 10 years as politicians wrangled over the path it would continue. Dayton and Eaton wanted the road to veer south after Springfield, but President Andrew Jackson made the final decision to have the road continue straight west to Richmond, Indiana.
During the mid-and-late 19th century, Springfield was dominated by industrialists including Oliver S. Kelly, Asa S. Bushnell, James Leffel, P. P. Mast, and Benjamin H. Warder. Asa S. Bushnell built the Springfield, Ohio Bushnell Building where the patent attorney to the Wright Brothers, Harry Aubrey Toulmin, Sr., wrote the 1904 patent to cover the invention of the airplane. To promote the products of his agricultural equipment company, P. P. Mast started Farm & Fireside magazine. Mast’s publishing company – Mast, Crowell, and Kirkpatrick – grew to become Crowell-Collier Publishing Company best known for Collier's Weekly. In 1894, The Kelly Springfield Tire Company was founded.
At the turn of the 20th century, Springfield became known as the "Home City." Several lodges including the Masonic Lodge, Knights of Pythias, and Odd Fellows built homes for orphans and aged members of their order. Springfield also became known as "The Champion City," a reference to the Champion Farm Equipment brand manufactured by the Warder, Bushnell & Glessner Company, which was later absorbed into International Harvester in 1902. International remains in Springfield as Navistar International, a producer of medium to large trucks.
In 1902 A.B. Graham, then the superintendent of schools for Springfield Township in Clark County, established a "Boys' and Girls' Agricultural Club." Approximately 85 children from 10 to 15 years of age attended the first meeting on January 15, 1902, in Springfield, Ohio, in the basement of the Clark County Courthouse. This was the start of what would be called the "4-H Club" within a few years, quickly growing to a nationwide organization. (4-H stands for "Head, Heart, Hands, and Health"). The first "projects" included food preservation, gardening, and elementary agriculture. Today, the Courthouse still bears a large 4H symbol under the flag pole at the front of the building to commemorate its part in founding the organization. The Clark County Fair is the second largest fair in the state (only the Ohio State Fair is larger) in large part to 4H remaining very popular in the area.
On March 7, 1904, over a thousand residents formed a lynch mob, stormed the jail, and removed prisoner Richard Dixon, a black man accused of murdering police officer Charles B. Collis. Richard Dixon was shot to death and then hung from a pole on the corner of Fountain and Main Street, where the mob continued to shoot his lifeless body. The mob then proceeded to burn much of the black area of town. In February 1906, another mob formed and again burned the black section of town known as "the levee". Sixty years later, Springfield was the first city in Ohio to have a black mayor, Robert Henry.
From 1916 to 1926, 10 automobile companies operated in Springfield. Among them: The Bramwell, Brenning, Foos, Frayer-Miller, Kelly Steam, Russell-Springfield, and Westcott. The Westcott, known as the car built to last, was a six-cylinder four-door sedan manufactured by Burton J. Westcott of the Westcott Motor Car Company. Burton and Orpha Westcott however, are better known for having contracted the world-renowned architect Frank Lloyd Wright to design their home in 1908 at 1340 East High Street. The Westcott House, a sprawling two-story stucco and concrete house has all the features of Wright's prairie style including horizontal lines, low-pitched roof, and broad eaves. It is the only Frank Lloyd Wright prairie style house in the state of Ohio. The property was purchased in 2000 by the Frank Lloyd Wright Building Conservancy (Chicago, IL), and as part of a prearranged plan, the house was then sold to a newly formed local Westcott House Foundation. The Westcott House Foundation managed the extensive 5-year, $5.3 million restorations, the house was fully restored to its original glory in October 2005, when it officially opened to the public for guided tours.
International Harvester (now Navistar International), a manufacturer of farm machinery and later trucks, became the leading local industry after Springfield native William Whiteley invented the self-raking reaper and mower, in 1856. It held that position, along with Crowell-Collier Publishing, throughout most of the next century. Crowell-Collier closed its magazines in 1957 and sold its Springfield printing plant.
The decline in manufacturing and other blue-collar industries in the late 20th and early 21st centuries created significant economic and population losses in Springfield. A 27% decline in median income between 1999 and 2014 was the largest of any metropolitan area in the country. Topping out over 82,000 in the 1960 census, the city population was estimated under 60,000 in 2017. Despite efforts by local politicians and business organizations, an economic recovery enjoyed by larger cities since the Great Recession has not included Springfield or other small cities in Ohio.
In recent years, Springfield has been trying to revitalize the downtown area with several projects, hoping that it will attract more tourists and benefit the local economy. In 2019, the city began development on 34 new townhomes in downtown along Center Street, which will be named Center Street Townes.  The City of Springfield also voted to approve $50,000 towards a new parking garage in downtown Springfield. 
Springfield is located at (39.927067, −83.804131).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.50 square miles (66.04 km2), of which, 25.29 square miles (65.50 km2) is land and 0.21 square miles (0.54 km2) is water. The Clarence J. Brown Reservoir is located on the northeast outskirts of Springfield.
As of the 2000 census, the median income for a household in the city was $32,193, and the median income for a family was $39,890. Males had a median income of $32,027 versus $23,155 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,660. 16.9% of the population and 13.5% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 23.9% of those under the age of 18 and 9.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
As of the 2010 census, there were 60,608 people, 24,459 households, and 14,399 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,693.7 people per square mile (1,039.6/km²). There were 28,437 housing units at an average density of 1,263.9 per square mile (487.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.2% White, 18.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, and 4.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.0% of the population.
There are 24,459 households of which 26.3% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.4% are married couples living together, 18.6% have a female householder with no spouse present, 5.9% have a male householder with no spouse present, and 41.1% are non-families. Of all households, 34.1% are made up of individuals and 13.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.38, and the average family size is 3.01.
In the population is spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 11.5% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 36 years. For every 100 females, there are 90.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 86.2 males.
From 2012 through 2014, the city experienced a 21% increase in violent crime; from 618 per 100,000 persons to 750. Also during those years, occurrences of murder and non-negligent manslaughter steadily increased; from 5 to 7. In 2015, Springfield's violent crime reached a 14-year high.
Springfield Public Schools enroll 8,604 students in public primary and secondary schools. The district operates 16 public schools including ten elementary schools, three middle schools, one high school, and one alternative school.
Springfield is also home to Nightingale Montessori, a small private school using the methods from Dr. Montessori. The school was founded over thirty years ago and has been educating many from Springfield, Clark County, and other surrounding counties such as Greene, Clinton, Champaign, Franklin, Madison, and Logan. The school accepts the Ed Choice scholarship, The Jon Peterson Scholarship, and the Autism Scholarship. Students are admitted as early as 2 1/2 years old through high school.
Also located in Springfield is the Global Impact STEM Academy, an early-college middle school and high school certified in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics curriculum. It was founded in 2013.
Springfield is home to two institutions of higher learning, Wittenberg University, and Clark State Community College.
Wittenberg University is a Lutheran university that was founded in Springfield in 1845. It is a four-year private liberal arts university. It has approximately 1800 students and a faculty of approximately 140. It is situated on a campus of one hundred and fourteen rolling acres, shaded by many majestic trees. It is one of the most highly rated liberal arts universities in the nation, offering more than seventy majors, which include those in the sciences as well as in the arts. Wittenberg has more than one hundred fifty campus organizations, which include ten national fraternities and sororities. It has its own WUSO radio station and newspaper. The University is best known for its music department and its athletic endeavors. Wittenberg is also distinguished by its active interdisciplinary programs such as East Asian Studies and Russian Area Studies. Recently majors in Management, Communication, and Education are also becoming popular. The University made significant renovations to its science facilities with the opening of the Barbara Deer Kuss Science Center in 2003.
The city is also home to Clark State Community College. Clark State Community College was founded in 1962 under the name of the Springfield and Clark County Technical Education Program as a technical education college for Clark County, Ohio and the surrounding area. It changed its name in 1966 to Clark County Technical Institute. The Ohio Board of Regents accredited it as Ohio's first technical college. It is now called Clark State Community College and has more than one thousand students. It offers courses in business, health, public services, engineering technologies, agriculture, and general studies.
The city is served by one daily newspaper, the Springfield News-Sun. The Wittenberg Torch is the newspaper of Wittenberg University, and WUSO-FM "The Berg" is its radio station. WEEC-FM radio, featuring Christian-based programming, is also located in the city.
The following are notable people born and/or raised in Springfield:
William Bradley Kincaid (July 13, 1895 – September 23, 1989) was an American folk singer and radio entertainer.He was born in Point Leavell, Garrard County, Kentucky but built a music career in the northern states. His debut radio performance came in 1926 on the National Barn Dance show on WLS-AM in Chicago, Illinois. A prolific composer of folk and country music tunes, the first edition of his 1928 songbook called My Favorite Mountain Ballads sold more than 100,000 copies; later editions brought the total to 400,000. He recorded on Gennett Records.In 1935 he was working at WBZ-AM in Boston, Massachusetts where he performed with a band that included young singer and banjo player Marshall Jones. Kincaid teased the 22-year-old fellow Kentuckian for always being grumpy when he came to the studio to do the early morning broadcast, nicknaming him "Grandpa" Jones. The moniker became permanent for the future Grand Ole Opry star.Kincaid moved to Nashville, Tennessee in 1945 where he too became a member of the Grand Ole Opry.In 1971, he was inducted into the Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame.In 1988, the then-93-year-old Kincaid was involved in an automobile accident and sustained injuries from which he never fully recovered. He died in 1989 at the age of 94 in Springfield, Ohio and was interred there in the Ferncliff Cemetery.Old Homestead Records released several volumes of Kincaid's mountain ballads, hymns, and old-time songs.Brooks Lawrence
Brooks Ulysses Lawrence (January 30, 1925 – April 27, 2000) was a Major League Baseball All-Star pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals (1954–1955), Cincinnati Redlegs (1956–1959), and Cincinnati Reds (1960).
Lawrence was born in Springfield, Ohio, and attended Miami University in Oxford, Ohio. His career started in the Negro National League, where he earned the nickname "Bull".
Lawrence's Major League debut came in 1954. As a 29-year-old rookie, Lawrence went 15–6 with a 3.74 ERA while starting and relieving for the St. Louis Cardinals. He struggled in 1955 and was demoted to Oakland (in the Pacific Coast League), but he went 5–1 down the stretch and earned a second chance with the big-league club.
Lawrence's best season came in 1956. Prior to that year, St. Louis sent Lawrence and Sonny Senerchia to the Cincinnati Reds in exchange for Jackie Collum. With the Reds that season, Lawrence posted a 19–10 record and a 3.99 ERA. He opened the season with 13 consecutive wins and earned a spot on the National League All-Star team. That year he led the Reds in wins, innings pitched and shutouts.
Lawrence's career came to a close in 1960, and he retired with an overall record of 69–62 with a 4.25 ERA in 1,040.7 innings pitched. Due largely to his 13-game winning streak and his association with the surprisingly successful 1956 Reds club, Lawrence earned induction into the Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame in 1976.
After his retirement from baseball, Lawrence worked for International Harvester in his hometown of Springfield, Ohio. He later worked for the Reds in scouting, minor league player development, and radio and television.
Lawrence died on April 27, 2000.Catholic Central School (Springfield, Ohio)
Catholic Central School is a private, Roman Catholic school in Springfield, Ohio. Part of the Archdiocese of Cincinnati, Catholic Central provides education for grades PreK-12 at three campuses. It was recently ranked as one of the Top 50 Catholic Schools in the Nation. The school's sports teams are known as the Fighting Irish.Clark County, Ohio
Clark County is a county in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 138,333. Its county seat is Springfield. The county was created on March 1, 1818, and was named for General George Rogers Clark, a hero of the American Revolution.
Clark County comprises the Springfield, OH Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Dayton-Springfield-Sidney-OH Combined Statistical Area.Drew Daniel
Andrew Theodore Daniel (born April 28, 1982) was the winner of the American reality television show Big Brother 5 in 2004.Dustin Hermanson
Dustin Michael Hermanson (born December 21, 1972) is an American former right-handed relief pitcher in Major League Baseball.
Hermanson played college baseball for Kent State, where he was a finalist for the Golden Spikes Award in 1994. He was selected in the first round of the 1994 Major League Baseball Draft with the third overall selection by the San Diego Padres. He then played for the Padres for two seasons before joining the Montreal Expos.
After four seasons with the Expos, he moved around the majors, St. Louis Cardinals, Boston Red Sox, San Francisco Giants, and Chicago White Sox. He served as the closer for the White Sox during most of their 2005 championship season, saving 34 games before being replaced by rookie Bobby Jenks in late September when he injured his back. Hermanson had a 2.04 ERA at the time of his injury.
On October 30, 2006, the White Sox declined a 2007 option for $3.65 million on Hermanson. He received a $500,000 payout. He signed a minor league deal with a spring training invitation with the Reds on March 1, 2007, but was released on April 1.East Springfield, Ohio
East Springfield is a census-designated place (CDP) in northwestern Salem Township, Jefferson County, Ohio, United States. Although it is unincorporated, it has a post office, with the ZIP code of 43925. It lies along State Route 43, 16 miles (26 km) northwest of the county seat of Steubenville and 17 miles (27 km) southeast of Carrollton. The community is part of the Weirton–Steubenville, WV-OH Metropolitan Statistical Area.Johnny Lytle
Johnny Dillard Lytle (October 13, 1932 in Springfield, Ohio – December 15, 1995 in Springfield) was a jazz drummer and vibraphonist.Justin Chambers
Justin Willman Chambers (born July 11, 1970) is an American actor and former model. Born in Ohio, he went to Southeastern High School, South Charleston and later studied acting at New York's HB Studio. Chambers began modeling after being approached by a modeling scout in Paris. He went on to represent fashion brands including Calvin Klein, Armani, and Dolce & Gabbana.
Chambers began his acting career with a recurring role in soap opera Another World, and made his feature film debut with a supporting role in 1999's comedy drama Liberty Heights. His breakthrough role came in 2005 when he was cast as Dr. Alex Karev in the ABC medical drama series Grey's Anatomy. Chambers gained widespread recognition as the series progressed and the character became one of the most popular from the hit series, earning multiple nominations and the 2017 Best TV Network Drama Actor at the People's Choice Awards as well as nominations for the Screen Actors Guild Award.K. Jack Bauer
Karl Jack Bauer (born 30 July 1926 in Springfield, Ohio – died 17 September 1987 in Troy, New York), was one of the founders of the North American Society for Oceanic History (NASOH) and a well-known naval historian. NASOH's K. Jack Bauer Award is named in his memory.New Springfield, Ohio
New Springfield is an unincorporated community in southern Springfield Township, Mahoning County, Ohio, United States. Although it is unincorporated, it has a post office, with the ZIP code of 44443. It lies at the intersection of State Routes 165 and 617.
The community is part of the Youngstown-Warren-Boardman, OH-PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
New Springfield was platted in the early 1820s. A post office called New Springfield has been in operation since 1828.Nicholas Dinkel
Nicholas Stephen Dinkel (May 12, 1874 in Springfield, Ohio – May 14, 1919 in Cincinnati, Ohio) was an American football player and a starting quarterback for the University of Notre Dame.
Dinkel played his first two years with the Notre Dame football team at the right end position. But during his senior season in 1894, new head coach James L. Morison installed an offense based upon speed running to the outside. Seeking to capitalize on this philosophy, Dinkel swapped positions with then-Irish quarterback Charles Zeitler and led the team from under center.
Dinkel's team achieved easy victories over Hillsdale, Wabash and Rush Medical, but struggled to a 0-1-1 mark in a home-and-home series with Albion, thus finishing the year at 3-1-1.
After graduating, Dinkel returned to his home in Springfield, Ohio, where in 1896 he was involved in a controversial 24-6 victory by Wittenberg College over Ohio State: Allegedly, Dinkel was not enrolled at Wittenberg but merely played for them as a "ringer" at right tackle.
Shortly thereafter, Dinkel moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he worked as a salesman until his death from heart disease in 1919.Quentin Jackson
Quentin "Butter" Jackson (born January 13, 1909 in Springfield, Ohio; died October 2, 1976 in New York City) was an American jazz trombonist. In the early stage of his career he worked with Cab Calloway and was in the Duke Ellington Orchestra. Later he did notable work with Charles Mingus, Kenny Burrell, and others.
On her album Dinah Sings Bessie Smith, Dinah Washington did a version of Bessie Smith's "Trombone Cholly" with Jackson on the horn, under the title "Trombone Butter".Ron Burton
Ronald E. Burton (July 25, 1936 – September 13, 2003) was an American football player in the American Football League (AFL) for the Boston Patriots. He was a consensus All-American running back at Northwestern University, and is a member of the Northwestern Hall of Fame and College Football Hall of Fame.Samson Mason
Samson Mason (July 24, 1793 – February 1, 1869) was a U.S. Representative from Ohio.
Born in Fort Ann, Washington County, New York, Mason attended the common schools in Onondaga, New York.
He studied law.
He was admitted to the bar and practiced in Springfield, Ohio.
He served as prosecuting attorney of Clark County in 1822.
He served as a member of the State Senate 1829-1831.
He served as president judge of the court of common pleas in 1834.
Mason was elected as an Anti-Jacksonian to the Twenty-fourth Congress and reelected as a Whig to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1835 – March 3, 1843).
He served as chairman of the Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business (Twenty-fifth Congress).
He was not a candidate for renomination.
Mason was a Presidential elector in 1844 for Clay/Frelinghuysen.
He served as a member of the state house of representatives in 1845 and 1846.
United States Attorney for Ohio 1850-1853.
He served as a delegate to the Ohio constitutional convention in 1850.
He served in the state senate 1862-1864.
He served from captain to major general in the state militia.
He died in Springfield, Ohio, February 1, 1869.
He was interred in Ferncliff Cemetery.Springfield News-Sun
The Springfield News-Sun is a daily newspaper published in Springfield, Ohio, by Cox Enterprises, which also publishes the Dayton Daily News. Both newspapers contain similar editorial content, but tailor their local news coverage to the area served. The News-Sun primarily serves Springfield and Urbana, in southwestern Ohio. While the Springfield News-Sun's newsroom is in downtown Springfield, the newspaper is published in Dayton.
The newspaper has won nearly 100 Ohio Associated Press Awards, including a General Excellence Award. Nearly 90% of adults in Clark County read the Springfield News-Sun over the course of a month. Its website, SpringfieldNewsSun.com, is updated 7 days a week and features local breaking news.St. Joseph's Catholic Church (Springfield, Ohio)
St. Joseph's Church is a historic Catholic church in the city of Springfield, Ohio, United States. Established in the 1880s to serve southeastern Springfield's growing Catholic population, it uses a tall Romanesque Revival church building, which was designed by a leading city architect; the building has been named a historic site.St. Raphael's Catholic Church (Springfield, Ohio)
St. Raphael's Church is a historic Catholic church in the city of Springfield, Ohio, United States. Established in the 1840s as Springfield's first Catholic parish, it uses a Gothic Revival church building, the towers of which hold a prominent spot in the city's skyline. As a work of a leading city architect, the building has been named a historic site.Westcott House (Springfield, Ohio)
The Westcott House is a Frank Lloyd Wright-designed Prairie Style house in Springfield, Ohio. The house was built in 1908 for Mr. Burton J. Westcott, his wife Orpha, and their family. The Westcott property is the only Prairie style house designed by Wright in the state of Ohio. The grounds include the main house and a garage with stables connected by an extensive pergola.
Places adjacent to Springfield, Ohio
Municipalities and communities of Clark County, Ohio, United States
County seat: Springfield
‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties