Spencer, Massachusetts

Spencer is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 11,688 at the 2010 census.

For geographic and demographic information on the census-designated place Spencer, please see the article Spencer (CDP), Massachusetts.

Spencer, Massachusetts
Spencer's Memorial Town Hall, on Main Street at Maple Street.
Spencer's Memorial Town Hall, on Main Street at Maple Street.
Official seal of Spencer, Massachusetts

"Look to the Future"
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Coordinates: 42°14′38″N 71°59′34″W / 42.24389°N 71.99278°WCoordinates: 42°14′38″N 71°59′34″W / 42.24389°N 71.99278°W
CountryUnited States
 • TypeOpen town meeting
 • Town
Adam Gaudette
 • Total34.1 sq mi (88.2 km2)
 • Land32.9 sq mi (85.1 km2)
 • Water1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
925 ft (282 m)
 • Total11,688
 • Density340/sq mi (130/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP Code
Area code(s)508 / 774
FIPS code25-66105
GNIS feature ID0618385


Bemis memorial park

Spencer was first settled in 1717 by Nathaniel Wood, and first permanently settled by Samuel Bemis in 1721.[1]

Spencer is located in central Worcester County, twenty minutes west of Worcester via Route 9, and about forty-five east of Springfield via Routes 49, 20, and the Massachusetts Turnpike. It was officially incorporated on April 12, 1753, splitting from the town of Leicester. Spencer was named after the then-acting governor of Massachusetts, Spencer Phips. Spencer was the home of the Howe family of inventors, including Elias Howe, who perfected the lockstitch sewing machine.

In 1784 Spencer was a major stopping place on the Old Boston Post Road's stage route between Boston and Hartford, and on to New York. Passengers changed stages in Spencer, as one coach would come from Boston and connect with one coming north from Hartford. Each stagecoach would turn around and return whence it came. Travelers often stopped for the night at Jenk’s Tavern in Spencer, as did General Henry Knox, pushing his cannons through the streets of the town on his way to Boston from Ticonderoga, and George Washington in 1789. Spencer still has colonial-era milestone markers showing the route of the old post road.

When the War of Independence broke out in 1775 it found Spencer ready to take part; fifty-six men under Captain Ebenezer Mason immediately set out to Boston. Many of these men later took part in the Battle of Bunker Hill. A total of 313 Spencer men are known to have served in the Civil War; thirty-two lost their lives in the service of their country.

Spencer's first mill was built in 1740 on the Seven Mile River, the greatest source of waterpower in the town. In 1811, Josiah Green began making shoes, and in 1834 he built a factory. The Prouty family began to make shoes in 1820, and built their factory in 1855. In 1812, Elliot Prouty had begun to "draw" wire in a mill he had built. His business flourished in his family until 1916, when it merged with Wickwire Steel Co. At one time, Spencer had 11 factories and 26 buildings for wire drawing.

In 1839 the town hall was constructed, and eighteen years later, Denny Hall, the town's first high school, was built. In 1888–1889, four prominent citizens (David Prouty, Richard Sugden, Luther Hill and Nathaniel Myrick) presented the town with a new high school, a library, a public park and the Spencer Agricultural Fair Grounds. The Howe family of Spencer did much to make the town famous in the annals of ingenious Americans. William Howe of Spencer developed a wooden truss bridge named for him, and his brother, Tyler Howe, patented a spring bed. Their nephew, Elias Howe, Jr., may well have eclipsed them when he invented the lockstitch sewing machine.

Spencer is home to Saint Joseph's Abbey, a cloistered Roman Catholic monastery of monks of the Cistercian Order of the Strict Observance, popularly known as Trappists.[2] They support the order through their three industries: the Holy Rood Guild, which makes a variety of liturgical garments (vestments) and linens; and Trappist Preserves, jams and jellies sold in retail outlets and at their gift shop in the Porter's Lodge; and Spencer Trappist Ale (the first and only certified Trappist beer made in the U.S.).

2007 public water lye accident

On April 25, 2007, it was discovered early in the morning that there was a malfunction at one of the town's water treatment facilities where a hazardous amount of sodium hydroxide (lye) was released into the town's water supply. The official cause was a malfunction of the system due to operator error, that regulates the amount of lye released. According to local news reports, dozens of people received medical treatment for "burning sensations and skin rashes".[3]


Spencer bloomin baskets
Hanging Basket on Main Street with Town Hall tower in background.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 34.0 square miles (88 km2), of which 32.8 square miles (85 km2) is land and 1.2 square miles (3.1 km2), or 3.52%, is water.

The town, roughly rectangular in shape, is bounded on the east by Leicester, on the south by Charlton, on the west by East Brookfield and North Brookfield, on the northwest by New Braintree, on the north by Oakham, and on the northeast by Paxton.

It is divided into quarters by north–south Route 31 and east–west Route 9. A third state highway, Route 49, connects the town's western portions with nearby Sturbridge.

Spencer has many acres of preserved parks and hiking areas, such as the Burncoat Pond Wildlife Sanctuary, which is protected by the Massachusetts Audubon Society, and Spencer State Forest/Howe State Park, marking the birth place of inventor Elias Howe.[4][5]


Historical population
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 11,691 people, 4,583 households, and 3,093 families residing in the town. The population density was 355.9 inhabitants per square mile (137.4/km2). There were 4,938 housing units at an average density of 150.3 per square mile (58.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.93% White, 0.59% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 0.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.33% of the population.

There were 4,583 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.5% were non-families. Of all households 25.9% were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the town, the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.9 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $46,598, and the median income for a family was $56,763. Males had a median income of $40,581 versus $29,837 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,017. About 5.9% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.


County-level state agency heads
Clerk of Courts: Dennis P. McManus (D)
District Attorney: Joe Early Jr. (D)
Register of Deeds: Katie Toomey (D)
Register of Probate: Stephanie Fattman (R)
County Sheriff: Lew Evangelidis (R)
State government
State Representative(s): Donnie Berthiaume (R), Peter Durant (R)
State Senator(s): Anne M. Gobi (D)
Governor's Councilor(s): Jen Caissie (R)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s): James P. McGovern (D-2nd District),
U.S. Senators: Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)


1899 Spencer public library Massachusetts
Spencer public library, 1899

The Spencer public library began in 1870.[17][18] In fiscal year 2008, the town of Spencer spent 2.04% ($280,959) of its budget on its public library—or $23 per person.[19]


Spencer's public schools are regionalized K–12 with East Brookfield. Spencer students attend Wire Village School for grades kindergarten through fourth. Students from both towns attend Knox Trail Junior High School for grades 5–8, but the 6th grade is only students from Spencer; David Prouty High School for grades 9–12. David Prouty Junior High School, which was also the former building of the old high school, was recently closed and reopened as a senior living center after being replaced by the Wire Village School.

  • Some students come out of the 8th grade and have the option of going to Bay Path RVTHS for high school.

On November 18, 2015, more than 200 students from David Prouty High School took part in a sit-in in protest of the district's administration. Protesting the lack of current textbooks, cuts in the music and theater programs, the band, and the Student Council, they walked out of class and spent the day in the gymnasium. Having not been satisfied with having their voices heard at the School Committee meeting the night before, they were targeting the superintendent, Tracey Crowe, whom the district's teachers had also given a vote of no confidence in.[20][21]

Notable people

See also


  1. ^ "History of Spencer, Massachusetts, from its earliest settlement to the year 1860: including a brief sketch of Leicester, to the year 1753".
  2. ^ "Saint Joseph's Abbey | A community of Trappist monks living a contemplative life of prayer and work". www.spencerabbey.org. Retrieved 2015-09-07.
  3. ^ "Chemical Release Taints Spencer Water Supply". wbztv.com.
  4. ^ https://www.massaudubon.org/get-outdoors/wildlife-sanctuaries/burncoat-pond
  5. ^ https://www.mass.gov/locations/spencer-state-forest
  6. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  7. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  8. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  9. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  10. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  15. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  17. ^ C.B. Tillinghast. The free public libraries of Massachusetts. 1st Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts. Boston: Wright & Potter, 1891. Google books
  18. ^ Richard Sugden Library. Retrieved 2010-11-10
  19. ^ July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008; cf. The FY2008 Municipal Pie: What’s Your Share? Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Library Commissioners. Boston: 2009. Available: Municipal Pie Reports Archived 2012-01-23 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2010-08-04
  20. ^ "Protests at David Prouty High follow cutbacks". telegram.com.
  21. ^ "High School Students In Spencer Protest Administration With Sit-In". boston.cbslocal.com.
  22. ^ "JONES, Phineas, (1819 - 1884)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved August 13, 2007.
  23. ^ Sullivan, Mark (May 20, 2018). "Villainous wrestling champ from Spencer to make homecoming at DCU Center". Telegram & Gazette. Retrieved May 23, 2018.

External links

Anne Gobi

Anne M. Gobi is an American state legislator serving in the Massachusetts Senate since January 2015. She previously served in the Massachusetts House of Representatives. She is a Spencer resident and a member of the Democratic Party. She was first elected to the state House in an October 2001 special election. She was elected to the state Senate and was sworn in January 7, 2015. She succeeded retiring Democrat Stephen Brewer.

Browning Pond

Browning Pond is located in Oakham and Spencer, Massachusetts. This 89-acre (360,000 m2) great pond forms the headwaters of the Seven Mile River. It is part of the Chicopee River Watershed.

Cranberry River (Massachusetts)

The Cranberry River is a river in central Massachusetts that is part of the Chicopee River Watershed. It rises in Cranberry Meadow Pond in Spencer, Massachusetts, and flows northward for 3.7 miles (6.0 km) to its confluence with the Sevenmile River southwest of Spencer.

David Prouty High School

David Prouty High School is a public high school located in Spencer, Massachusetts. In the 2015 rankings of U.S. News & World Report Best High Schools, David Prouty High School was left unranked. The school serves grades 9-12 with a student to teacher ratio of 13:1.

Don Brown (American football coach)

Don Brown (born July 31, 1955) is an American college football coach and former player. He is currently the defensive coordinator at The University of Michigan. Previously, he served as defensive coordinator Boston College and at the University of Connecticut and as the head football coach at Plymouth State University (1993–1995), Northeastern University (2000–2003), and the University of Massachusetts Amherst (2004–2008), compiling a career college football head coaching record of 95–45. Brown was also the interim head baseball coach at Yale University in 1992, tallying a mark of 26–10. This past season his defense boasted 5 first team all B1G defense/special teams players.

Donnie Berthiaume

Donald R. Berthiaume, Jr. is a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, sworn in January 2015. A resident of Spencer, Massachusetts, he was elected as a Republican to represent the 5th Worcester district. Berthiaume is a former Spencer selectman.

Elias Howe

Elias Howe Jr. (; July 9, 1819 – October 3, 1867) was an American inventor best known for his creation of the modern lockstitch sewing machine.


FLEXcon is a worldwide manufacturer of pressure-sensitive film products for applications that include indoor and outdoor advertising, product identification and safety/hazard labels, bar coded labels, primary labels and bonding/mounting.FLEXcon also develops custom solutions to meet unique converting or application needs. The company is headquartered in Spencer, Massachusetts, and has operations throughout North America and Europe, with distribution worldwide.

Nathan Cobb

Nathan Augustus Cobb (30 June 1859, Spencer, Massachusetts – 4 June 1932, Baltimore, Maryland) is known as "the father of nematology in the United States".

He provided the foundations for nematode taxonomy and described over 1000 different nematode species. An individual with a variety of skills, he made significant contributions to a number of scientific disciplines and the USDA Nematology Lab, originally established with him as the director, continues today.

He was the father of Frjeda Blanchard, the geneticist who first demonstrated Mendelian inheritance in reptiles.

Patrick Ricard (American football)

Patrick Ricard (born May 27, 1994) is an American football fullback and nose tackle for the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League (NFL). He played college football at Maine.

Peter Durant

Peter J. Durant is an American politician who represents the 6th Worcester District in the Massachusetts House of Representatives and is a former member of the Spencer, Massachusetts Board of Selectmen.

Phineas Jones

Phineas Jones (April 18, 1819, Spencer, Massachusetts – April 19, 1884, Newark, New Jersey) was a Republican politician who represented New Jersey's 6th congressional district in the United States House of Representatives from 1883 to 1885.

Spencer Airport

Spencer Airport, (ICAO: K60M, FAA LID: 60M) in Spencer, Massachusetts, is a public airport which was once owned by Gregg E. Andrews. It has one runway, averages 125 flights per week, and has approximately 26 aircraft based on its field. Andrews Aviation, based at the airport provides flight instruction in a vintage Piper J-3 Cub.

Mr. Andrews was killed in a plane crash at the airport on December 22, 2010.

Spencer State Forest

Spencer State Forest is a Massachusetts state forest and recreation reserve located in the town of Spencer, managed by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation. The 92 mile (148 km) Midstate Trail passes through the state forest. The Commonwealth of Massachusetts also conducts logging in some parts of the property.

St. Joseph's Abbey, Massachusetts

St. Joseph's Abbey is a Trappist monastery in Spencer, Massachusetts. It is known for its production and marketing of jams and jellies, which partially supports the abbey. In 2013, the abbey became the first Trappist brewery outside Europe. The monastery is also known as one of the origins of the centering prayer movement in the 1970s. The grounds of the Abbey are generally open to the public except for certain areas reserved for the monastic enclosure.

Sugden Reservoir

The Sugden Reservoir is a Massachusetts reservoir located in Spencer, Massachusetts. It forms the headwaters of Shaw Brook, which is a tributary to Turkey Hill Creek, a major tributary to the Seven Mile River. This water body is part of the Chicopee River Watershed.

Thompson Pond (Massachusetts)

Thompson Pond is a fresh water pond in central Massachusetts, near North Spencer and Paxton. It is part of the Chicopee River Watershed.

William F. Ladd

William Ferson Ladd, born in Spencer, Massachusetts on 14, February 1896, was the thirty-third Adjutant General of the State of Connecticut. During World War I, Ladd was a traveling salesman.

William Howe (architect)

William Howe (May 12, 1803 – September 9, 1852) was an American architect and bridge builder famous for patenting the Howe truss design for bridges in 1840.

Municipalities and communities of Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States
Ghost town
Indian reservations
Major cities
Cities and towns
Cities and towns
Cities and towns

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.