Speke Hall

Speke Hall is a wood-framed wattle-and-daub Tudor manor house in Speke, Liverpool, England. It is one of the finest surviving examples of its kind. It is owned by the National Trust and a Grade I listed building.[1]

Speke Hall
Speke Hall front 2017
North front of Speke Hall
TypeManor House
LocationSpeke
Coordinates53°20′12″N 2°52′27″W / 53.3368°N 2.87422°WCoordinates: 53°20′12″N 2°52′27″W / 53.3368°N 2.87422°W
OS grid referenceSJ 41865 82568
AreaLiverpool
Built1530 - 1598
Architectural style(s)Tudor
OwnerNational Trust
Listed Building – Grade I
Official name: Speke Hall
Designated28 June 1952
Reference no.1359837
Speke Hall is located in Merseyside
Speke Hall
Location of Speke Hall in Merseyside
Speke Hall by James McNeill Whistler
Speke Hall by James Abbott McNeill Whistler (1870).

History

Construction of the current building began under Sir William Norris in 1530,[2][3] though earlier buildings had been on the site, parts of which are incorporated into today's structure. The Great Hall was the first part of the house to be built, in 1530. The Great (or Oak) Parlour wing was added in 1531. Around this time the North Bay was also added to the house. Between 1540 and 1570 the south wing was altered and extended. The west wing was added between 1546 and 1547. The last significant change to the building was in 1598, when the north range was added by Edward Norris. Since then there have only been minor changes to the Hall and gardens.

The oak frame, typical of the period, rests on a base of red sandstone surrounded by a now dry moat. The main beams of the house are stiffened with smaller timbers and filled with wattle and daub.

During the turmoil of the Reformation the Norrises were Roman Catholics[4] so the house incorporated a priest hole and a special observation hole built into a chimney in a bedroom to allow the occupant to see the approach to the house to warn the priest that people were coming. There is also an eavesdrop (a small open hole under the eaves of the house) which allowed a servant to listen in on the conversations of people awaiting admission at the original front door.

In 1612 a porch was added to the Great Parlour. A laundry and dairy were founded in 1860; the laundry was altered in the 1950s.

The house was owned by the Norris family for many generations[5] until 1736 when Mary Norris, the heiress, married Sir Sidney Beauclerk.[6] After Mary's death in 1766 the house was leased to various tenants.[4] Richard Watt, a Liverpool merchant, purchased the house and estate from the Beauclerks in 1795.[7] The last surviving heir of the Watt family was Miss Adelaide Watt, who inherited the house and returned to it in 1878 at the age of 21 years. She died in 1921, leaving the house and estate in trust for 21 years, during which time it was looked after by the staff under the supervision of Thomas Whatmore, who had been butler to Miss Watt.[8] At the end of this period, in 1943, the house passed into the ownership of the National Trust. The house was administered by Liverpool City Corporation from 1946 until 1974 when it passed to Merseyside County Council who carried out a seven year programme of major structural repairs and restoration which was completed in 1983.[4] The National Trust took over full responsibility in 1986.

The gardens date from the 1850s. In the courtyard of the main building are two ancient yew trees, male and female, called 'Adam' and 'Eve'. First recorded in correspondence dating to 1712, they are estimated to be at least 500 years old.[9]

21st century

The Home Farm building has been renovated and now houses the shop, restaurant and reception. The laundry has been converted into the education room and the dairy contains interpretation material. Furthermore, rooms such as a gun room have been changed over the years and then changed back by the National Trust in order to show more of the History of Speke Hall. Walks in the grounds give panoramic views over the Mersey Basin towards the Wirral Peninsula. Liverpool Airport is adjacent to Speke Hall. Speke Hall was featured in Series 13 of Most Haunted which was broadcast on Living TV on 13 October 2009.

Images

Speke Hall, Liverpool

Speke Hall from the rear

Speke Hall courtyard 5

Courtyard at the centre of the hall

Great Hall, Speke Hall 1

The Great Hall

Oak parlour, Speke Hall 5

The Oak Parlour

Tapestry Bedroom, Speke Hall 2

Tapestry bedroom

Visitor centre, Speke Hall 05

Visitor centre, the former home farm of the estate

Maze at Speke Hall 1

Maze behind the visitor centre

References

  1. ^ "Speke Hall, Liverpool". Historic England. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  2. ^ "Speke Hall, Gardens & Estate". Visit Liverpool. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  3. ^ "Guide to Liverpool Buildings" (PDF). European Conference on Visual Perception. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  4. ^ a b c Tibbles, A. J. (1983). Speke Hall. Liverpool: Merseyside County Museums. ISBN 0 906367 13 1.
  5. ^ "The Norrises". National Trust. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011.
  6. ^ "The Beauclerks". National Trust. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011.
  7. ^ "The Watts". National Trust. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011.
  8. ^ Whatmore, Tom. "Speke Hall. My Home". tomwhatmore.webspace.virginmedia.com. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011.
  9. ^ "Gardens". National Trust. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011.

External links

Al-Rahma Mosque, Liverpool

The Al-Rahma Mosque (Arabic: مسجد الرحمة‎) is a mosque located on Hatherley Street in Toxteth, Liverpool, England, which can accommodate between 2,000 and 2,500 people and serves as the main place of worship and focus point for Liverpool's Muslim population, estimated at 25,000 people.

All Saints' Church, Childwall

All Saints' Church, is in Childwall, Liverpool, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade I listed building, and is the only medieval church remaining in the Metropolitan borough of Liverpool. It is an active Anglican parish church in the diocese of Liverpool, the archdeaconry of Liverpool and the deanery of Liverpool South – Childwall.

Architecture of Liverpool

The architecture of Liverpool is rooted in the city's development into a major port of the British Empire. It encompasses a variety of architectural styles of the past 300 years, while next to nothing remains of its medieval structures which would have dated back as far as the 13th century. Erected 1716-18, Bluecoat Chambers is supposed to be the oldest surviving building in central Liverpool.There are over 2,500 listed buildings in Liverpool of which 27 are Grade I and 85 Grade II* listed. It has been described by English Heritage as England's finest Victorian city. However, due to neglect, some of Liverpool's finest listed buildings are on English Heritage's Heritage at Risk register.In accordance with Liverpool's role as a trading port, many of its best buildings were erected as headquarters for shipping firms and insurance companies. The wealth thus generated led to the construction of grand civic buildings, designed to allow the local administrators to "run the city with pride".The historical significance and value of Liverpool's architecture and port layout was recognised when, in 2004, UNESCO declared large parts of the city a World Heritage Site. Known as the Liverpool Maritime Mercantile City, the nomination papers stress the city's role in the development of international trade and docking technology, summed up in this way under Selection Criterion iv: "Liverpool is an outstanding example of a world mercantile port city, which represents the early development of global trading and cultural connections throughout the British Empire."

Argoed, Flintshire

Argoed is a community in Flintshire, Wales, located between the towns of Mold and Buckley. The largest settlement in the community is Mynydd Isa, with New Brighton and Mynydd bychan to the north and Llong on the southern border of the community.

Religion: There are 3 churches:- St.Cecilia's, Mynydd Isa, built 1842; St.James Church built 1893 and Village Temple Congregational Church founded in 1912.

There are two schools:- Argoed High School and Ysgol Mynydd Isa.

Library:- Mynydd Isa Library

Places of Interest nearby:

Bronwylfa Park, Pen-y Lon, Mynydd Isa Park & Garden CH7 6YG

13.5 miles - Erddig, atmospheric 1,200 acre County Park and formal walled garden.

15.2 miles - Speke Hall Garden and Estate, featuring Black & White Tudor house.

18.4 miles - Chirk Castle, magnificent Medieval fortress of The Welsh Marches.Population: 874 increasing at the 2011 census following reorganisation to 5837.Number of houses in Argoed(2001): 179 increasing to 2,405 in 2011.

Church of St Andrew, Dowlish Wake

The Anglican Church of St Andrew in Dowlish Wake, Somerset, England was built in the 14th century. It is a Grade II* listed building.

County Sessions House, Liverpool

The County Sessions House stands at the bottom of Islington in Liverpool, Merseyside, England, to the east of the Walker Art Gallery. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II* listed building.

German Church, Liverpool

The German Church (German: Deutsche Kirche) in Liverpool is in Bedford Street South/ Canning Street and is part of the German speaking churches of North England.

The North of England German Protestant churches are members of the "Synod of German-speaking Lutheran, Reformed and United Congregations in Great Britain" and come under the care of the overseas department of the EKD (Evangelical Church in Germany).

Services in German are held twice a month on the first (4:00 pm) and third Sundays (11:00 am).

Regular Groups include a Faith discussion group, Wirral Circle and a Toddler Play Group.

Grade II listed buildings in Liverpool-L24

Liverpool is a city and port in Merseyside, England, which contains many listed buildings. A listed building is a structure designated by English Heritage of being of architectural and/or of historical importance and, as such, is included in the National Heritage List for England. There are three grades of listing, according to the degree of importance of the structure. Grade I includes those buildings that are of "exceptional interest, sometimes considered to be internationally important"; the buildings in Grade II* are "particularly important buildings of more than special interest"; and those in Grade II are "nationally important and of special interest". Very few buildings are included in Grade I — only 2.5% of the total. Grade II* buildings represent 5.5% of the total, while the great majority, 92%, are included in Grade II.Liverpool contains more than 1,550 listed buildings, of which 28 are in Grade I, 109 in Grade II*, and the rest in Grade II. This list contains the Grade II listed buildings in the L24 postal district of Liverpool. The district lies to the south of the centre of the city, and includes the area of Speke. It contains industrial estates, housing estates, and Liverpool John Lennon Airport. Its most important historical building is the Grade I listed Speke Hall. Five of the structures in this list are associated with the hall. The other listed buildings are two churches, a lychgate, a former school, houses, gate piers from a former airport, and a farmhouse.

Grade II listed buildings from other areas in the city can be found through the template on the right, along with the lists of the Grade I and Grade II* buildings in the city.

Grade I listed buildings in Liverpool

There are over 2500 listed buildings in Liverpool, England. A listed building is one considered to be of special architectural, historical or cultural significance, which is protected from being demolished, extended or altered, unless special permission is granted by the relevant planning authorities. Of the listed buildings in Liverpool, 27 are classified as Grade I listed and are recognised as buildings of outstanding architectural or historic interest. The following list provides information on all the Grade I listed buildings in the city.

In Liverpool, several of the Grade I buildings are recognised for their architectural importance, including the Albert Dock, which was the first non-combustible warehouse system in the world; and Oriel Chambers, which was the world's first metal framed, glass curtain walled building. The Liver Building is also recognised as one of the first reinforced concrete buildings constructed in the United Kingdom.

The oldest Grade I listed building in Liverpool is the Tudor manor house, Speke Hall, whose exterior largely dates from the 15th and 16th centuries. A small portion of All Saints' Church dates from the 14th century, although the majority was added later. The newest building on the list is the neo-Gothic Liverpool Cathedral, which wasn't completed until 1980, some 76 years after it was started. Most of the buildings on the list date from the Georgian and Victorian eras, the period during which Liverpool grew rapidly from a relatively small provincial coastal town into one of the most important ports in the world.

Of the 27 buildings in the list, 12 are places of worship, including the city's Anglican Cathedral, six Anglican churches, three Unitarian churches or chapels, a Roman Catholic church and a Synagogue. Five of the remaining 15 buildings in the list are located at the Albert Dock and comprise the largest single collection of Grade I listed buildings anywhere in England.

John Middleton (giant)

John Middleton (1578–1623) was an English giant who was born in the village of Hale and is commonly known as the Childe of Hale. Legend tells that he slept with his feet out of the window of his small house. Tales also credit him with great strength.

Liverpool Coach Station

Liverpool Coach Station (also known as Norton Street Coach Station) was a major coach station in Liverpool, England which offered services to 122 destinations throughout the United Kingdom provided by National Express. It opened in November 1994 and was closed on 14 January 2016.

Liverpool South Parkway railway station

Liverpool South Parkway station is a railway station and bus interchange in the Garston district of Liverpool, England. It serves, via a bus link, Liverpool John Lennon Airport in the neighbouring suburb of Speke, as well as providing an interchange between main line services and the Merseyrail rapid transit/commuter rail network.

The station is located towards the southern end of Merseyrail's Northern Line and on the junction of two main lines: the City Line from Liverpool to Manchester via Warrington and the Liverpool branch of the West Coast Main Line to London via Crewe.

Allerton Traction Maintenance Depot is situated to the immediate east of the station.

Lydiate Hall

Lydiate Hall was a 16th-century hall in Lydiate, Merseyside, England. The hall was a black-and-white half-timbered house, and was similar in design to Speke Hall. The hall was accompanied by a private chapel. It was a known Catholic house during the time of Elizabeth I of England, and the building contained at least three priest holes. The hall became a ruin in the early 20th century, and is now part of the grounds of Lydiate Hall Farm on Southport Road, Lydiate. It is now part of a conservation area, along with the nearby Scotch Piper Inn and St Catherine's Chapel. Its ruins were Grade II listed in 1968.The building was constructed in the 15th and 16th century, and was altered in the 19th century. The building was set out in an L-shape. As of the 20th century, the foundations exist, along with the brick and stone structure with 19th century windows on the ground and first floor; the timber-framed hall was completely demolished. A partial collar and strut roof with moulded tie beams remained as of 1985, as well as a Tudor-headed fireplace with shield and cornice and a 19th-century range.

Municipal Buildings, Liverpool

Municipal Buildings is a Grade II* listed building on Dale Street, Liverpool, England.

National Museums Liverpool

National Museums Liverpool, formerly National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside, comprises several museums and art galleries in and around Liverpool, England. All the museums and galleries in the group have free admission. The museum is a non-departmental public body sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport and an exempt charity under English law.In the 1980s, local politics in Liverpool was under the control of the Militant group of the Labour Party. In 1986, Liverpool's Militant councillors discussed closing down the city's museums and selling off their contents, in particular their art collections. To prevent this from happening the Conservative government nationalised all of Liverpool's museums under the Merseyside Museums and Galleries Order 1986 which created a new national trustee body National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside. It changed its name to National Museums Liverpool in 2003.

It holds in trust multi-disciplinary collections of worldwide origin made up of more than one million objects and works of art. The organisation holds courses, lectures, activities and events and provides educational workshops and activities for school children, young people and adults. Its venues are open to the public seven days a week 361 days a year and all exhibitions are free. National Museums Liverpool has charitable status and is England’s only national museums group based entirely outside London. It currently comprises eight different venues, one of which is outside Liverpool itself — the Lady Lever Art Gallery, located in Port Sunlight.

Serena Korda

Serena Korda (born 1979) is a British artist. She has made work across a number of disciplines including performance, sculpture, ceramics and public art. Her work has been exhibited at galleries including BALTIC, Gateshead, Camden Arts Centre, London, and on the High Line, New York. She studied at Middlesex University, and the Royal College of Art where she won the Deutsche Bank Art Award (2009).

Southall Railway Centre

Southall Railway Centre is a railway heritage centre at Southall in west London, near to Southall railway station and the Grand Union Canal. Formerly of the Great Western Railway the site is now run partly by Locomotive Services Limited and West Coast Railways, both of whom lease the site from Network Rail. The location is not open to the public.

The Great Western Railway Preservation Group (GWRPG) lease part of the West Coast Railway section of the site for their own use.

Speke

Speke () is a town in Liverpool, England. It is 7.7 miles (12.4 km) south east of the city centre and to the west of the Widnes.

Speke is bordered by a number of other areas; Garston, Hunts Cross, Halewood and Hale Village and is located near to the widest part of the River Mersey.

Wavertree Sports Park

Wavertree Sports Park is a large sporting, exercise and leisure complex located in the Wavertree area of Liverpool, England. The sports park is home to the Liverpool Aquatics Centre, Liverpool Tennis Centre and Wavertree Athletics Centre alongside numerous other health and fitness related facilities.

Buildings and structures in Liverpool, England
Skyscrapers and highrises
(over 60m)
Notable lowrises
Places of worship
Transportation
Shopping complexes
Sports venues and arenas
Sculptures and monuments
Lists

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.