Albert Walter "Sparky" Lyle (born July 22, 1944) is an American former left-handed relief pitcher who spent sixteen seasons in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1967 through 1982. He was a relief pitcher for the Boston Red Sox, New York Yankees, Texas Rangers, Philadelphia Phillies, and Chicago White Sox.
A three-time All-Star, he won the American League (AL) Cy Young Award in 1977. He led the American League (AL) in saves in 1972 and 1976. With the Yankees, Lyle was a member of the World Series champions in 1977 and 1978, both over the Los Angeles Dodgers.
Lyle co-authored, with Peter Golenbock, The Bronx Zoo, a 1979 tell-all book which chronicled the dissension within the Yankees in its World Series Championship seasons of 1977 and 1978. From 1998–2012, Lyle served as manager of the Somerset Patriots, a minor league baseball team of the Atlantic League of Professional Baseball.
Lyle at TD Bank Ballpark in 2019
|Born: July 22, 1944|
|July 4, 1967, for the Boston Red Sox|
|Last MLB appearance|
|September 27, 1982, for the Chicago White Sox|
|Earned run average||2.88|
|Career highlights and awards|
Lyle was born in DuBois, Pennsylvania on July 22, 1944, but grew up in nearby Reynoldsville. His father was a carpenter and general contractor, and his mother a seamstress at a coffin factory. He attended Reynoldsville High School where he played varsity football and basketball. During the spring of his junior year, he began playing American Legion baseball for the DuBois team because neither his high school nor Reynoldsville fielded an organized baseball squad.
He once struck out 31 batters while pitching 14 of 17 innings in a state tournament game for DuBois. At the time, his pitching repertoire consisted of a fastball, curveball and changeup. He was brought in for a tryout with the Pittsburgh Pirates alongside Bruce Dal Canton. The Pirates only signed the latter after seeing that the speed of Lyle's pitches was no match for Dal Canton's. Lyle did succeed in catching the attention of George Staller who was a scout for the Baltimore Orioles at the time. Lyle signed with the ballclub as an amateur free agent on June 17, 1964.
He spent the opening half of his first professional campaign in 1964 with the Bluefield Orioles. He appeared in seven games, three out of the bullpen. It was the first time he was used as a reliever, an idea which he suggested to manager Jim Frey. Later that season, he would earn a promotion to the Fox Cities Foxes, where he was used exclusively as a starting pitcher in six matches for the eventual Midwest League champions.
Lyle was selected by the Boston Red Sox in the first-year draft on November 30, 1964. He progressed up the Red Sox farm system as a relief pitcher, with stops in Winston-Salem in 1965, Pittsfield in 1966 and Toronto in the first half of 1967. It was during his time at Pittsfield that he picked up the slider, a pitch that was introduced to him by Ted Williams at spring training prior to that season. Lyle recalled, "He told me it was the best pitch in baseball because it was the only pitch he couldn't hit even when he knew it was coming." The slider became the most successful pitch in his repertoire.
He was called up to Boston after Dennis Bennett was sold to the New York Mets on June 24, 1967. Lyle pitched two scoreless innings to close out a 4–3 Red Sox loss to the California Angels in his major-league debut at Anaheim Stadium on July 4. He recorded his first career save twelve days later on July 16 in Boston's 9–5 victory over the Detroit Tigers at Fenway Park. His first win in the majors came on July 27 in the Red Sox's ten-inning 6–5 triumph at home over the Angels. He ended his rookie campaign with 27 mound appearances, a 1–2 record, five saves and a 2.28 earned run average (ERA). He was left off Boston's World Series roster due to a sore arm.
During spring training prior to the 1972 season on March 22, Lyle was traded to the New York Yankees for Danny Cater and a player to be named later (Mario Guerrero). The transaction eventually proved to be one-sided as Lyle became the Yankees' bullpen ace, establishing himself as one of the best relief pitchers of the 1970s. He played a major role in the Yankees capturing three straight pennants from 1976 to 1978 and winning the World Series in the last two of those years. In 1972, he saved 35 games, an American League record at the time, and a major league record for left-handers; Ron Perranoski had set both marks in 1970, but John Hiller would surpass Lyle's total with 38 in 1973. In 1972, Lyle also became the first southpaw to collect 100 saves in the American League. He also finished 3rd in the 1972 MVP voting.
He again led the league in saves in 1976, and in 1977 became the first AL reliever ever to win the Cy Young Award. He was named an American League All-Star in 1973, 1976 and 1977. In 1976, he broke Hoyt Wilhelm's American League record of 154 career saves, and the following year eclipsed Perranoski's major league mark for left-handers of 179 career saves. Through 1977, Lyle had compiled 201 career saves, and was within range of Wilhelm's career big-league record of 227. Lyle was associated with a trademark song to herald his entry into games, Pomp and Circumstance March No. 1 in D.
But despite the fact Lyle had won the 1977 Cy Young Award, the Yankees signed Goose Gossage as a free agent during the 1977 off-season, and Gossage followed with an outstanding 1978 season which made Lyle expendable. During the 1978 season, Yankees teammate Graig Nettles quipped that Lyle went "from Cy Young to sayonara." On November 10, 1978, Lyle was part of a major trade that sent him, along with Mike Heath, Larry McCall, Dave Rajsich, Domingo Ramos and $400,000, to the Texas Rangers in exchange for Juan Beníquez, Mike Griffin, Paul Mirabella, Dave Righetti, and Greg Jemison.
In his late 30s, Lyle was unable to duplicate the great success he had previously enjoyed (perhaps due to the strain of pitching over 100 innings six times from 1969–78), and saved only 21 games for the Rangers in 1979–80. Rollie Fingers moved ahead of Lyle in career saves in early 1980, breaking Wilhelm's record just weeks before Lyle reached the mark, and Fingers eventually pushed his record beyond Lyle's reach.
On September 13, 1980, Lyle was traded to the Philadelphia Phillies for a player to be named later (Kevin Saucier). Although the Phillies won their first World Series title in 1980, Lyle did not appear in the postseason, having been acquired by too late to qualify for playoff rosters.
On August 21, 1982, he was purchased by the Chicago White Sox from the Phillies. His last game was played on September 27 of that season for the White Sox, who released him on October 12. Lyle finished his 16-year career with 238 saves, a 2.88 ERA, and a record of 99–76 in 899 games pitched — all in relief. In 1985, Fingers broke his American League record for career saves; and in 1991 Righetti surpassed Lyle's major-league record for career saves by a left-hander, though Lyle still holds the AL mark of 232.
In 1998, he became the first manager of the Somerset Patriots, an independent baseball league team based in Bridgewater, New Jersey. He managed the team to Atlantic League pennants in 2001, 2003, 2005, 2008 and 2009, and was the Patriots' manager until November 27, 2012 when he became manager emeritus. His number 28 that he wore with the Patriots was retired on June 14, 2014.
A noted clubhouse prankster in his playing days, Lyle was known for sneaking into the locker room during games to sit naked on birthday cakes prepared for teammates, leaving the imprint of his posterior on the frosting. In his autobiography, Lyle noted that teammate Ron Swoboda turned the tables on him by defecating on a cake which was then delivered to Lyle; Lyle said the reason why he eventually stopped his cake sitting was because of the notoriety he gained from doing it, thinking that someone might try to "put a needle in the cake" to hurt him.
As a world class practical joker, Lyle engaged in creative pranks like filling a tube of toothpaste with Vaseline, putting goldfish in the dugout water cooler and ordering pizzas to be delivered to the other team's bullpen. He also loved giving "hotfoots", a time-honored baseball trick where a player will sneak up on another player or reporter while they are giving an interview in the dugout. The unsuspecting victim then has a match or two placed gently in the back or side of their shoe, with the head facing out. When the moment is right, the prankster lights the match head and slinks away to watch from a distance. As soon as the flame from the slowly burning head reaches the victim’s shoe, it’s hot enough to be felt. Lyle enjoyed the final result, usually a startled yelp in the middle of a serious conversation.
The 1972 New York Yankees season was the 70th season for the Yankees in New York, and the 72nd season overall. The team finished with a record of 79–76, finishing 6½ games behind the Detroit Tigers. New York was managed by Ralph Houk. The Yankees played at Yankee Stadium.1976 New York Yankees season
The 1976 New York Yankees season was the 74th season for the Yankees in New York, and the 76th season overall for the franchise. The team finished with a record of 97–62, finishing 10½ games ahead of the Baltimore Orioles to win their first American League East title.
In the ALCS, the Yankees defeated the Kansas City Royals in 5 games. Chris Chambliss's walk-off home run in Game 5 clinched the pennant for the Yankees.
In the World Series, they were defeated in a four-game sweep by the defending champion Cincinnati Reds, marking only the second time that the Yankees had ever been swept in a World Series in their history (following the 1963 Los Angeles Dodgers).
New York was managed by Billy Martin. The Yankees returned to the newly renovated Yankee Stadium.1977 American League Championship Series
The 1977 American League Championship Series was a five-game series played between October 5 and 9, 1977, at Yankee Stadium (Games 1–2), and Royals Stadium (3–5). The Yankees took the series 3–2, and defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers in the 1977 World Series to take the title. Kansas City was given home-field advantage as it rotated back to the West Division; the Royals held a 102–60 record to the Yankees' 100–62 record.1977 New York Yankees season
The 1977 New York Yankees season was the 75th season for the Yankees in New York and the 77th season overall for the franchise. The team won the World Series, which was the 21st championship in franchise history and the first championship under the ownership of George Steinbrenner. The season was brought to life years later in the book, turned drama-documentary, The Bronx is Burning.1980 Texas Rangers season
The Texas Rangers 1980 season involved the Rangers finishing 4th in the American League west with a record of 76 wins and 85 losses.1981 Philadelphia Phillies season
The Philadelphia Phillies' 1981 season was a season in American baseball.1982 Chicago White Sox season
The 1982 Chicago White Sox season was the White Sox's 82nd season in the major leagues, and their 83rd season overall. They finished with a record 87-75, good enough for 3rd place in the American League West, 6 games behind the 1st place California Angels.1982 Philadelphia Phillies season
The 1982 season was the 100th season in Philadelphia Phillies franchise history. During the season, Steve Carlton would be the last pitcher to win at least 20 games in one season for the Phillies in the 20th century. He would also become the first pitcher to win four Cy Young Awards in a career. The 1982 Phillies finished the season with an 89-73 record, placing them in second place in the NL East, three games behind the World Champion St. Louis Cardinals.1988 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting
Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1988 followed the system in place since 1978.
The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players and
elected Willie Stargell.
The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider older major league players as well as managers, umpires, executives, and figures from the Negro Leagues.
It selected no one.Charley Feeney
Charles V. "Charley" Feeney (November 26, 1924 - March 17, 2014) was an American sportswriter in New York, New York, and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, for more than 40 years.Domingo Ramos
Domingo Antonio Ramos (born March 9, 1958), is a former professional baseball player who was an infielder in Major League Baseball from 1978-1990. In 1982 with the Seattle Mariners, he filled in at all four infield positions, never appearing in more than 75 games. Ramos was primarily a glove man, and hit over .200 just twice, .283 in 1983 and .311 in 1987, in 103 at-bats,
Ramos earned his first career hit on May 23, 1980. On June 26, 1982 he recorded his first career RBI. His first career home run came on an April 17, 1983 in a 7-4 loss against the Oakland Athletics. His first career stolen base came 2 days later, in a 6-2 loss at the Minnesota Twins. His first career 4-hit game came on September 8, 1987 in a 7-0 win over the Cleveland Indians.
On November 10, 1978 he was traded by New York Yankees with Dave Rajsich, Larry McCall, Sparky Lyle, Mike Heath and Cash to Texas Rangers for Greg Jemison, Paul Mirabella, Mike Griffin, Juan Beniquez and Dave Righetti, considered the top lefty prospect in the minors‚ who went on to win Rookie of the Year honors in 1981.Lyle (surname)
Lyle is a surname of Scottish origin which means "an island." It can be traced back to Radulphus de Insula, 11th-century Lord of Duchal Castle. Notable people with the surname include:
Aaron Lyle (1759–1825), member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania
Abram Lyle (1820–1891), noted for founding the sugar refiners Abram Lyle & Sons which merged with a rival to become Tate & Lyle
Adrienne Lyle (born 1985), US Olympian in equestrian
Alexander Gordon Lyle (1889–1955), US Navy dentist and Medal of Honor awardee
Amalya Lyle Kearse (born 1937), judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
Amos Lyle (1866–1943), politician in the Canadian province of Manitoba
Bobby Lyle (born 1944), jazz pianist
Brayden Lyle (born 1973), former Australian rules footballer who played for the West Coast Eagles and Port Adelaide Power in the AFL
Dan Lyle (born 1970), American rugby union footballer
Derek Lyle (born 1981), footballer, currently playing as a striker for Hamilton Accies in the Scottish Premier League
Ethel Hedgeman Lyle (1887–1950), founder of the Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority (ΆKΆ) at Howard University in 1908
Freddrenna Lyle, alderman of the 6th ward, in Chicago
Graham Lyle (born 1944), Scottish singer-songwriter and guitarist; half of the duo Gallagher and Lyle
George B. Lyle, briefly mayor of Atlanta during the month of May in 1942
George Lyle (ice hockey) (born 1953), former professional ice hockey player
Jarrod Lyle (1981-2018), Australian professional golfer
John E. Lyle Jr. (1910–2003), U.S. representative from Texas
John M. Lyle (1872–1945), Canadian architect
Keith Lyle (born 1972), former safety in the National Football League
Maria Lyle (born 2000), Scottish sprinter
Nancy Lyle (1910–1986), tennis player from United Kingdom
Pablo Lyle (born 1986), Mexican telenovela actor
Rick Lyle (born 1971), former American football defensive end
Robert Lyle (Minnesota politician), American politician
Ron Lyle (1941–2011), professional boxer
Rudy Lyle (1930–1985), American bluegrass banjo player
Sandy Lyle (born 1958), Scottish professional golfer
Sparky Lyle (born 1944), former American left-handed relief pitcher in Major League Baseball
Stevie Lyle (born 1979), British professional ice hockey goaltender
Thomas Ranken Lyle (1860–1944), Irish-Australian mathematical physicist, radiologist, educator and rugby player
Tom Lyle (born 1953), comic book artist and penciller
William Lyle (1871–1949), medical doctor and politician from Northern Ireland
Willie Lyle (born 1984), Scottish professional footballerMario Guerrero
Mario Miguel Guerrero Abud (born September 28, 1949) is a former Major League Baseball shortstop who played for four teams in an eight-year career from 1973 to 1980.
Guerrero signed with the New York Yankees as an amateur free agent in 1968. After four plus seasons in their farm system, he was sent to the Boston Red Sox on June 30, 1972 as the player to be named later in the deal that brought future Cy Young Award winner Sparky Lyle to the Yankees. Guerrero made the BoSox out of spring training 1973, and won the starting shortstop job over Rick Burleson the following Spring following Luis Aparicio's retirement.
During the off season, Guerrero was traded to the St. Louis Cardinals for pitcher Jim Willoughby. He split 1975 between the Cards and their triple A affiliate, the Tulsa Oilers, batting .239 in 64 games at the major league level. He was assigned to Tulsa in 1976 when he was traded to the California Angels for two minor leaguers.
He signed as a free agent with the San Francisco Giants after the 1977 season only to be packaged in a trade to the Oakland Athletics for Vida Blue during spring training 1978. He played three seasons in Oakland before his contract was purchased by the Seattle Mariners. He retired following his release from the M's in spring training 1981. In 1989, Guerrero played for the Winter Haven Super Sox of the Senior Professional Baseball Association. He batted .315 in 15 games.
His brother Epy Guerrero was a coach for the Toronto Blue Jays. While working as a buscón (headhunter) in the Dominican Republic, Guerrero sued Raúl Mondesí for 1% of his salary. He ended up winning a $640,000 judgment.Peter Golenbock
Peter Golenbock (born July 19, 1946) is a sports journalist and author. He has written ten New York Times best sellers including Dynasty: The New York Yankees 1949-1964, The Bronx Zoo (with Sparky Lyle), Number 1 (with Billy Martin), Balls (with Graig Nettles), Personal Fouls, Idiot (with Johnny Damon), Presumed Guilty (with Jose Baez), American Prince (with Tony Curtis), and Driven (with Donald Driver), and "House of Nails" with Lenny Dykstra.
Golenbock was working as a lawyer for Prentice-Hall in the summer of 1972 when he knocked on the door of Nick D'Incecco, the head of P-H's trade book division, and told D'Incecco he wanted to write a history of the Casey Stengel New York Yankees. D'Incecco, being a Yankee fan, liked the idea and gave him a contract almost on the spot. Golenbock interviewed almost all of the Yankees of that era (including Joe DiMaggio, Mickey Mantle, Casey Stengel, Whitey Ford, Roger Maris, Ralph Houk, and Yogi Berra). Billy Martin so loved what Golenbock wrote in Dynasty that he asked him to write his autobiography, Number 1.
As a result, Golenbock continued to write books on the Yankees - The Bronx Zoo (a 1979 release written with pitcher Sparky Lyle), Balls (with third baseman Graig Nettles), and Number 1 (with manager Billy Martin), to name a few. He covered the old Brooklyn Dodgers teams in Bums: An Oral History of the Brooklyn Dodgers (which won the 1984 CASEY Award for the best baseball book of the year). He also has written books on NASCAR, the New York Mets, and the Boston Red Sox (his 1992 Fenway: An Unexpurgated History of the Boston Red Sox was updated and re-released in 2005 as Red Sox Nation).Golenbock also has written on collegiate athletics. Personal Fouls - The Broken Promises and Shattered Dreams of Big Money Basketball at Jim Valvano's North Carolina State revisited 1980s college basketball and focused on Jim Valvano and the NC State University basketball team. Valvano threatened to sue Simon and Schuster and Golenbock for $250 million due to the lack of evidence and "unnamed sources" used in the book. After a full review of the manuscript S&S decided to drop it. "'Following completion of careful pre-publication review by the editors with the author," Simon & Schuster said, "it was determined that the manuscript Personal Fouls by Peter Golenbock did not meet the publishing standards established by Pocket Books. Therefore, Pocket Books will not proceed with publication of the book.'" It was picked up by small publisher Carroll and Graf. Within a week of publication, the school chancellor Bruce Poulton retired, and Valvano later was fired first as athletic director and as basketball coach. The book prompted an NCAA investigation which cleared Valvano of any wrongdoing, but only found that free tickets and shoes properly issued to players were then sold for monetary gain by those players alone.Golenbock next wrote an award-winning children's book entitled Teammates, which described an incident during Jackie Robinson's first season as a Brooklyn Dodger when he was publicly befriended by teammate Pee Wee Reese, a Southerner who believed Robinson had just as much right to be playing as anyone. Teammates was selected by Redbook Magazine as one of the ten-best children's books of 1990. It is still being used in schools across America today to foster racial relations.
Golenbock then published The Forever Boys, an intimate look at the lives of former major league ballplayers as they attempted to recapture former glory in the Senior Professional Baseball League. Golenbock spent the 1989–90 season with the St. Petersburg Pelicans of the senior league as he wrote about the joys and hardships of playing baseball on the professional level.
After writing Fenway, a sprawling, in-depth colorful history of the Boston Red Sox in 1991, he wrote American Zoom, an inside look at the multimillion-dollar NASCAR stock car racing industry. It is to this date the best-selling book ever written about the sport.In May 1994 St. Martin's Press published Wild, High, and Tight: The Life and Death of Billy Martin. Said Larry King in his column in USA Today, "It is one of the best biographies I have ever read." Robert Lipsyte in the New York Times said "It is the first nonfiction baseball book that reads like a Russian novel."Golenbock's next books were Wrigleyville, an oral history of the Chicago Cubs; Cowboys Have Always Been My Heroes, an oral history of the Dallas Cowboys; and The Last Lap, a look at the men who lost their lives on the NASCAR racing circuit.
In the spring of 2000 Golenbock published The Spirit of St. Louis, an oral history of the St. Louis Cardinals and Browns. Golenbock also wrote a children's book about Hank Aaron's ordeal in breaking Babe Ruth's career home run record entitled Brave in Every Way. He followed that with Go Gators! an oral history of the University of Florida football team, and NASCAR Confidential with interviews with many of NASCAR's former heroes. In 2005 he published Idiot with Johnny Damon, an inside story of how the Red Sox won the World Championship in 2004.
Next came Miracle, the true-life saga of racer Bobby Allison. Golenbock then wrote 7: The Mickey Mantle Novel, a controversial look at the life of the great Yankee slugger. In 2008 Golenbock wrote In the Country of Brooklyn, a political and social history of the borough for HarperCollins. In late 2008 Golenbock released a biography on Hollywood screen actor Tony Curtis (co-written with Curtis), entitled American Prince: A Memoir.
In the spring of 2009 Golenbock wrote George: The Poor Little Rich Boy who Built the Yankee Empire, a book he began in 1980, and in 2010 he worked with Humpy Wheeler, for many years the president of the Charlotte Motor Speedway, on his autobiography, Growing Up NASCAR.
IN 2011 he wrote the controversial Presumed Guilty with Jose Baez, the attorney for Casey Anthony, who had been accused of killing her daughter. The book is the inside story of one of the first big cases tried entirely in the media. It describes how the case became a reality show in which truth and justice took a back seat to a prosecutor's need for publicity and fame.
In 2012, he co-authored the memoir of Larry Lawton, entitled Gangster Redemption.In 2013 he published Driven, with Green Bay Packers star received Donald Driver, an athlete who grew up in poverty in Houston, had to live in a UHaul trailer for several months, sold drugs to sustain himself, and who went on to Alcorn A&M and the Packers to fame and fortune. Driven was Golenbock's ninth New York Times best seller.
In 2014 he published The "Chairman: The Rise and Betrayal of Jim Greer." Greer was the chairman of the Republican Party of Florida, a moderate who was swept from power by the Tea Party faction that accused him of financial wrongdoing. He was found guilty after Gov. Charlie Crist lied about his actions in order to protect his political standing. Greer served a year in prison.
In 2016 "House of Nails: The Construction, The Demolition, The Resurrection" became Golenbock's tenth best seller. Dykstra was a controversial baseball player for the New York Mets and the Philadelphia Phillies.
Golenbock was a radio sports talk show host in 1980 on station WOR in New York City. He was a color broadcaster for the St. Petersburg Pelicans of the Senior Professional Baseball League in 1989-90 and has been a frequent guest on many television and radio talk shows including Biography on A&E, the Fifty Greatest Athletes on ESPN, and Yankeeography on the YES network.
Golenbock lives in St. Petersburg, Florida, with Wendy Sears Grassi, and their cat Chauncey. He is a professor at the University of South Florida where he teaches courses about the influence of sports on American history.Pittsfield Red Sox
The Pittsfield Red Sox was the name of an American minor league baseball franchise based in Pittsfield, Massachusetts, from 1965 through 1969. It was the Double-A Eastern League affiliate in the Boston Red Sox farm system and produced future Major League Baseball players such as George Scott, Sparky Lyle, Reggie Smith and Hall of Famer Carlton Fisk. The team played at Wahconah Park.Porfi Altamirano
Porfirio Altamirano Ramírez (born May 17, 1952), nicknamed "El Guajiro" is a Nicaraguan former Major League Baseball right-handed middle relief pitcher who played for the Philadelphia Phillies (1982–83) and Chicago Cubs (1984).
Born in Ciudad Darío, Nicaragua, Altamirano first became successful in his native country in the 1970s when he pitched for the Estelí team in the Nicaraguan National League, where he broke many records. He also shut out the powerful Cuban national team in a tournament in Colombia in 1976 beating them 5–0 and also shut out the USA team 4–0 in 1977 on a tournament played in Nicaragua, attaining status as one Nicaragua's best amateur pitchers.Although not equipped with an overpowering arm, Altamirano had an 87–92 MPH fastball and mixed in a slider and an occasional curveball. He was an ideal reliever for a bullpen-by-committee because he was able to pitch two or three innings at a time, setting the table for a variety of teammates, from Sparky Lyle to Tug McGraw to Lee Smith.
He made his major league debut on May 9, 1982 and played in 60 games over two seasons for the Philadelphia Phillies. Just before the 1984 season, he was traded to the Chicago Cubs with Bob Dernier and Gary Matthews in exchange for Bill Campbell and Mike Diaz. In his three-year MLB career, Altamirano compiled a 7–4 record with 57 strikeouts, a 4.03 ERA, two saves, and 91.2 innings, in 65 games pitched.Altamirano also pitched as a closer in the Venezuelan professional league in the mid-1980s for Aguilas de Zulia.Somerset Patriots
The Somerset Patriots are an American professional baseball team based in Bridgewater Township, New Jersey. They are a member of the Liberty Division of the Atlantic League of Professional Baseball, which is not affiliated with Major League Baseball. From the 1999 season to the present, the Patriots have played their home games at TD Bank Ballpark.
The Patriots are the winningest franchise of the Atlantic League, capturing six Championship Series titles in 2001, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2009, and most recently, 2015. Their most recent playoff appearance was in 2018 when they lost in the Semifinals against the Long Island Ducks.
The "Patriots" name refers to the Middlebrook encampment where the first official flag of the United States was unfurled, after a law to adopt a national flag had been passed by Congress on June 14, 1777. By special order of Congress, a 13-star flag is flown 24 hours a day at the Washington Camp Ground, part of the former Middlebrook encampment, in Bridgewater Township.The Bronx Zoo (book)
The Bronx Zoo: The Astonishing Inside Story of the 1978 World Champion New York Yankees is a nonfiction book written by former Major League Baseball pitcher Sparky Lyle and Peter Golenbock. A memoir of Lyle's tenure with the New York Yankees, the book documents the 1978 New York Yankees season, including the 1978 World Series and conflicts between players. The book was published by Crown Publishers in 1979.
The term "Bronx Zoo" became a nickname for the Yankees teams of the late 1970s through early 1980s.Yankeeography
Yankeeography is a biography-style television program that chronicles the lives and careers of the players, coaches, and other notable personnel associated with the New York Yankees Major League Baseball team. The series is aired on the YES Network and is produced by MLB Productions. The series is hosted by Yankees radio personality John Sterling. The series has earned five New York Sports Emmy Awards since its inception. In addition to airing on YES, MLB Productions has packaged many of the shows into DVD boxed sets.
After debuting as a weekly show with the 2002 launch of YES, Yankeeography only debuts new episodes periodically (as there are fewer prominent Yankees yet to be spotlighted). For instance, four episodes premiered in 2006: Tino Martinez, David Cone, the Yankees' 1996 World Series team, and Billy Martin. All Yankees with retired numbers have had shows completed with the exception of Bill Dickey. The show has been criticized for producing episodes on players who remain active while Hall of Famers from much earlier eras such as Jack Chesbro, Tony Lazzeri, Red Ruffing and Lefty Gomez were not profiled. Some profiles have been updated to reflect new developments.