Spanish royal family

The House of Bourbon-Anjou[1][2][3] (or simply House of Bourbon-Spain) is the reigning royal house of the Kingdom of Spain. The current Spanish royal family consists of the present king, the queen consort, their children and the king's parents. The House of Bourbon-Anjou is a branch of the House of Bourbon that descends from Philip V of Spain.

Spanish royal family
Arms of Anjou- Coat of Arms of Spain Template
Parent houseHouse of Bourbon
Country Spain
FoundedNovember 16, 1700
FounderPhilip V
Current headFelipe VI
Style(s)"His/Her Majesty"
"His/Her Royal Highness"
"His/Her Excellency"
MottoPlus ultra
(Latin for "Further beyond")
Estate(s)Royal Palace of Madrid (seat)
Royal Palace of El Pardo (private residence)
El Escorial
Royal Palace of Aranjuez
La Granja
Royal Palace of Riofrío
Royal Palace of La Almudaina

Naples, Sardinia, Sicily, Milan, Lothier, Brabant, Limburg, Luxemburg, Namur, Flanders, Hainaut:


Two Sicilies:

Cadet branchesBourbon-Parma
Bourbon-Two Sicilies

Titles and styles

The titles and styles of the Royal Family are as follows:[4]

  • The occupant of the Throne is The King or The Queen, together with other titles pertaining to the Crown or belonging to members of the Royal Family. They are styled His or Her Majesty.
  • The King's wife bears the title of Queen with the style Her Majesty.
  • The husband of the Queen regnant bears the title of Prince and is styled His Royal Highness.
  • The King's heir apparent or heir presumptive bears the title of Prince or Princess of Asturias with the style His or Her Royal Highness.
  • A King's sons and daughters, not being the Prince or Princess of Asturias, as well as the children of the Prince or Princess, bear the title of Infante or Infanta of Spain, and are styled as His or Her Royal Highness. The children of an Infante or Infanta have the rank (but not the title) of Grandees, and the style of His or Her Excellency.
  • Spouses and widows/widowers of the monarch's sons and daughters, other than those of the Prince or Princess of Asturias, are entitled to the form of address and honours the monarch may grant them.
  • The sovereign may also grant the dignity of Infante or Infanta with the style of Highness.
  • If the heirs of King Juan Carlos I were to be extinguished, the 1978 Constitution reserves the right for the Cortes Generales to designate the successor to the throne as may be suitable for Spain.

Members of the Royal Family

Members of the King's Family

House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies

Royal family tree

Queen María de las Mercedes
King Alfonso XII
Queen María Cristina
Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Mercedes, Princess of Asturias
King Alfonso XIII
Queen Victoria Eugenia
Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria
Infanta Alicia, Duchess of Calabria
Infante Juan, Count of Barcelona
Princess María de las Mercedes, Countess of Barcelona
Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria
The Dowager Duchess of Calabria**
Luís Gómez-Acebo, Duke of Badajoz and Viscount de la Torre
The Duchess of Badajoz**
King Juan Carlos I*
Queen Sofía*
The Duke of Soria and Hernani**
The Duchess of Soria and Hernani**
Doña Simoneta Gómez-Acebo y de Borbón**
The Viscount de la Torre**
Don Bruno Gómez-Acebo y de Borbón**
Don Luis Gómez-Acebo y de Borbón**
Don Fernando Gómez-Acebo y de Borbón**
Don Alfonso Zurita y de Borbón**
Doña María Zurita y de Borbón**
Jaime de Marichalar
(div. 2010)
The Duchess of Lugo**
Iñaki Urdangarin**
Infanta Cristina**
The King*
The Queen*
Don Felipe de Marichalar y Borbón**
Doña Victoria de Marichalar y Borbón**
Don Juan Urdangarín y de Borbón**
Don Pablo Urdangarín y de Borbón**
Don Miguel Urdangarín y de Borbón**
Doña Irene Urdangarín y de Borbón**
The Princess of Asturias*
Infanta Sofía*

* - Member of the Royal Family (as opposed to the Family of the King, or extended family)

** - Member of the Extended royal family

Public role

Members of the Spanish Royal Family are often asked by non-profit charitable, cultural, or religious organizations within and without Spain to become their patrons, a role the Spanish constitution recognizes and codified in Title II Article 62 (j). It is incumbent for the monarch "to exercise the High Patronage of the Royal Academies".[5] Royal patronage conveys a sense of official credibility as the organization is scrutinized for suitability. A royal presence often greatly raises the profile of the organization and attracts media publicity and public interest that the organization may not have otherwise garnered, aiding in the charitable cause or cultural event. Royalty make use of their considerable celebrity to assist the organization to raise funds or to promote government policy.

Additionally, members of the royal family may also pursue their own charitable and cultural interests. Queen Sofía devotes much of her time to the Queen Sofia Foundation (Fundación Reina Sofía);[6] while King Felipe chairs the Prince of Asturias Foundation (Fundación Príncipe de Asturias), which aims to promote "scientific, cultural and humanistic values that form part of mankind's universal heritage."[7]

The Prince of Asturias Foundation holds an annual awards ceremony acknowledging the contributions of individuals, entities, and/or organizations from around the world who make notable achievements in the sciences, humanities, or public affairs. King Felipe serves as president of the Codespa Foundation, which finances specific economic and social development activities in Latin American and other countries, and serves as president of the Spanish branch of the Association of European Journalists, which is composed of achieving communications professionals.[8] King Felipe also serves as honorary chair of the Ministry of Culture National Awards Ceremonies.[9]

Infanta Elena, Duchess of Lugo, Juan Carlos' elder daughter, is the Director of Cultural and Social Projects of Mapfre Foundation,[10] while Infanta Cristina, Juan Carlos' younger daughter, served as the Goodwill Ambassador to the United Nations for the 2nd World Assembly on Ageing, and is a member of the Dali Foundation Board of Trustees, president of the International Foundation for Disabled Sailing, and Director of Social Welfare at the La Caixa Foundation in Barcelona where she lives with her family.[11]

King Juan Carlos, Queen Sofia, and Infanta Cristina are all members of the Bilderberg Group, an informal think-tank centered on United States and European relations, and other world issues.[12][13][14]

See also


  1. ^ Feal Vázquez; Javier (2003). "Los símbolos de la Patria" (PDF).
  2. ^ Fernández-Xesta y Vázquez; Ernesto (2012). "La heráldica familiar". ISSN 1137-1056.
  3. ^ Campos Pérez; Lara (2009). "Iconografía de la idea de España en los manuales escolares durante la transición a la democracia (1976-1983)". pp. 109–130. ISSN 0214-400X.
  4. ^ Royal Decree 1368/1987, dated 6 November, regulating titles, forms of address and honours pertaining to the Royal Family and to the Regents Boletín Oficial del Estado (BOE)
  5. ^ 1978 Spanish Constitution. Part II. The Crown
  6. ^ Queen Sofia Foundation
  7. ^ Prince of Asturias Foundation
  8. ^ Codespa Foundation Archived 2009-05-04 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ Delivery of the National Awards of the Ministry of Culture 2008
  10. ^ Infanta Elena
  11. ^ Infanta Cristina
  12. ^ Mark Oliver (4 June 2004). "The Bilderberg group". The Guardian.
  13. ^ "Bilderberg Meeting of 1997 Assembles". PR Newswire. 13 June 1997. Archived from the original on 30 April 2011.
  14. ^ "Bilderberg Group Meets In Athens Amid Tight Security". NASDAQ.
1808 in France

Events from the year 1808 in France.

Boris, Prince of Turnovo

Prince Boris of Bulgaria, Duke of Saxony, Prince of Turnovo (born 12 October 1997 in Madrid), is the elder son of Kardam, Prince of Turnovo, and the grandson of former Tsar Simeon II of Bulgaria.He is, after the death of his father on 7 April 2015, first in line of succession to the defunct Bulgarian throne.Boris, who has maintained close relations with the Spanish royal family since his father's death, speaks Spanish, English, French and some Bulgarian. He is an artist, devoted to sculpture, plays the guitar and was educated at the Lycée Français Molière in Villanueva de la Cañada in the vicinity of Madrid. He chose to complete his baccalaureate studies in Austria.


Comillas is a small township and municipality in the northern reaches of Spain, in the autonomous community of Cantabria. The Marquessate of Comillas, a fiefdom of Spanish nobility, holds ceremonial office in the seat of power at a small castle which overlooks the town. The Comillas Pontifical University was housed here before it moved to Madrid, and the old university buildings are among the finest examples of architecture in the town. Besides this, there are many notable medieval and baroque buildings.

From the second half of the 19th century, the Spanish royal family started spending their summers in Comillas, and so did large part of the Spanish nobility, whose many descendants still frequent the town every summer. As a result, Comillas left an imprint of architectural relics such as palaces or monuments designed by renowned Catalan artists in particular, i.e. Gaudí or Doménech i Montaner. From the second half of the 20th century however, southern Spain became more popular due to an increasing inclination towards sunny destinations, and so places like Marbella or Sotogrande became attractive prospects for the rich and famous. Although the town has seen an upsurge in the last years, it still maintains its character as "the haven for the decadent and discreet aristocracy".Comillas was the capital of Spain for a day, the 6th of August 1881, following an agreement between king Alfonso XII and the Minister's Council to gather at a formal meeting in town.

Francis I of the Two Sicilies

Francis I of the Two Sicilies (Italian: Francesco Gennaro Giuseppe; 19 August 1777 – 8 November 1830) was King of the Two Sicilies from 1825 to 1830 and a member of the Spanish royal family.

Genealogy of the Spanish Royal Family

The genealogy of the Spanish Royal Family runs through the House of Bourbon, the Capetian dynasty, and the House of Oldenburg. Specifically, King Felipe VI's father, King Juan Carlos is a member of the House of Bourbon, and his mother, Queen Sofia, is of the House of Oldenburg.

House of Bourbon-Parma

The House of Bourbon-Parma (Italian: Casa di Borbone di Parma) is a cadet branch of the Spanish royal family, whose members once ruled as King of Etruria and as Duke of Parma and Piacenza, Guastalla, and Lucca. The House descended from the French Capetian dynasty in male line. Its name of Bourbon-Parma comes from the main name (Bourbon) and the other (Parma) from the title of Duke of Parma.

The title was held by the Spanish Bourbons as the founder was the great-grandson of Duke Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma.

Infante Fernando of Bourbon and Braganza

DonFernando de Borbón y Braganza (full name: Fernando Maria Jose) (19 October 1824 – 2 January 1861) was a member of the Spanish royal family, and a supporter of Carlism. He lived most of his life in exile with his father and brothers.

Isabella, Princess of Asturias (1851–1931)

Isabella, Princess of Asturias (Spanish: María Isabel Francisca de Asís Cristina Francisca de Paula Dominga; 20 December 1851 – 22 April 1931), was the eldest daughter of Queen Isabella II and her husband Francis, Duke of Cádiz, twice recognized as the heir presumptive to the Spanish throne and given the title Princess of Asturias, which was reserved for the heir to the Spanish crown. She was married to Prince Gaetan, Count of Girgenti (a son of King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies), who committed suicide just three years after their marriage on 13 May 1868.

Infanta Isabella was a prominent figure at the royal court of Spain during the reign of her brother King Alfonso XII of Spain and during the minority of her nephew King Alfonso XIII. She was the most popular member of the Spanish royal family for most of her life. After the fall of the monarchy of Alfonso XIII, she refused the offer of officials of the Second Spanish Republic to continue to reside in Spain. She died in a matter of days after taking up a new life in exile in France.

List of honours of the Spanish Royal Family by country

This article serves as an index - as complete as possible - of all the honorific orders or similar decorations received by the Spanish Royal Family, classified by continent, awarding country and recipient.


Mallorca (Catalan: [məˈʎɔɾkə], Spanish: [maˈʎoɾka]), or Majorca (), is the largest island in the Balearic Islands, which are part of Spain and located in the Mediterranean. The native language, as on the rest of the Balearic Islands, is Catalan, which is co-official with Spanish.

The capital of the island, Palma, is also the capital of the autonomous community of the Balearic Islands. The Balearic Islands have been an autonomous region of Spain since 1983. There are two small islands off the coast of Mallorca: Cabrera (southeast of Palma) and Dragonera (west of Palma). The anthem of Mallorca is "La Balanguera".

Like the other Balearic Islands of Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera, the island is an extremely popular holiday destination, particularly for tourists from Germany and the United Kingdom. The international airport, Palma de Mallorca Airport, is one of the busiest in Spain; it was used by 28.0 million passengers in 2017, increasing every year since 2012.The name derives from Classical Latin insula maior, "larger island". Later, in Medieval Latin, this became Maiorica, "the larger one", in comparison to Menorca, "the smaller one".

Maria Luisa, Duchess of Lucca

Maria Luisa of Spain (Spanish pronunciation: [maˈɾi.a ˈlwisa]) (6 July 1782 – 13 March 1824) was a Spanish infanta, daughter of King Charles IV and his wife, Maria Luisa of Parma. In 1795, she married her first cousin Louis, Hereditary Prince of Parma. She spent the first years of her married life at the Spanish court where their first child, Charles, was born.

In 1801 the Treaty of Aranjuez made her husband King of Etruria, a kingdom created from the former Duchy of Tuscany in exchange for the renunciation of the Duchy of Parma. They arrived in Florence, the capital of the new kingdom, in August 1801. During a brief visit to Spain in 1802, Maria Luisa gave birth to her second child. Her husband's reign in Etruria was marred by his ill health. He died in 1803, at the age of 30, following an epileptic crisis. Maria Luisa acted as regent for their son. During her government in Florence, she tried to gain the support of her subjects, but her administration of Etruria was cut short by Napoleon Bonaparte, who forced her to leave with her children in December 1807. As part of the Treaty of Fontainebleau, Napoleon incorporated Etruria to his domains.

After a futile interview with Napoleon in Milan, Maria Luisa looked for refuge in exile with her family in Spain. The Spanish court was deeply divided and a month after her arrival the country was thrown into unrest when a popular uprising, known as the Mutiny of Aranjuez, forced Maria Luisa's father to abdicate in favor of her brother Ferdinand VII. Napoleon invited father and son to Bayonne, France, with the excuse of acting as a mediator, but gave the kingdom to his brother Joseph. Napoleon called the remaining members of the Spanish royal family to France and at their departure on 2 May 1808, the citizens of Madrid rose up against the French occupation. In France, Maria Luisa was reunited in exile with her parents. She was the only member of the Spanish royal family to directly oppose Napoleon. After her secret plan to escape was discovered, Maria Luisa was separated from her son and placed with her daughter as prisoners in a Roman convent.

Maria Luisa, mostly known as the Queen of Etruria during her lifetime, regained her freedom in 1814 at the fall of Napoleon. In the following years she continued to live in Rome, hoping to recover her son's former domains. To put forward her case she wrote a book of memoirs, but was disappointed when the Congress of Vienna (1814–15) compensated her not with Parma, but with the smaller Duchy of Lucca, which had been carved out of Tuscany. As a consolation she was allowed to retain the honors of a queen. Initially reluctant to accept this accord, Maria Luisa did not take the government of Lucca until December 1817. As a reigning duchess of Lucca, she disregarded the constitution imposed by the Congress of Vienna. While spending time in her palace in Rome, she died of cancer at the age of 41.

Palacio de la Magdalena

The Palacio de la Magdalena (Spanish for Magdalena Palace) is a palace located on the Magdalena Peninsula of the city of Santander, Cantabria, Spain. It was built between 1909 and 1911, by popular subscription, to house the Spanish Royal Family. Built by the architects Javier González Riancho and Gonzalo Bringas Vega, is located in the place where the old Fort of San Salvador de Hano was, which protected the entrance to the bay.

Palau Reial de Pedralbes

The Palacio Real de Pedralbes or Palau Reial de Pedralbes (Catalan pronunciation: [pəˈlaw rəˈjal də pəˈðɾalβəs]; English: "Pedralbes Royal Palace") is a building placed in the middle of an ample garden in the district of Les Corts, in Barcelona. From 1919 until 1931 it was the residence for the Spanish Royal Family when they visited the city. It houses the Museu de la Ceramica (ceramic museum), Museu Tèxtil i d'Indumentària and Museu de les Arts Decoratives (interior design museum), both part of the Disseny Hub Barcelona and is the permanent seat of the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM).

Patrimonio Nacional

The Consejo de Administración del Patrimonio Nacional (Board of Directors of the National Heritage, or National Heritage) is a Spanish state agency, under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of the Presidency, by delegation of the Prime Minister of Spain, that administers the sites owned by the Spanish State and used by the King of Spain and the Spanish Royal Family as residences and for State Ceremonies. The Patrimonio Nacional includes palaces, gardens, monasteries and convents, called the Royal sites. When not in official use, the Royal sites are open to the public. It also manages the residences of the president of the government of Spain.

During the reign of Alfonso XIII, it was known as Patrimonio Real (Royal Heritage).

Patrimonio Nacional organizes temporary exhibitions and concerts in the Royal sites. It also publishes catalogues of the Royal Collections, books on the Royal sites, facsimiles of some of the books held in the library of El Escorial and the Royal Library, visitors guides to the different sites as well as the official photographs of the King of Spain. It also publishes a quarterly magazine, Reales Sitios, about the art collections and cultural history of the Royal sites.

The Royal Family has other palaces but these are not controlled by Patrimonio Nacional.

Premios Nacionales del Deporte

Premios Nacionales del Deporte (National Sports Awards) are annual sporting awards given to best Spanish athletes. They are awarded by Consejo Superior de Deportes (CSD) and sponsored by the Spanish Royal Family.

The awards were established in 1982 and are always presented for best achievements in the preceding calendar year. The two most prestigious awards are Premio Reina Sofía for Best Spanish Sportswoman and Premio Don Felipe de Borbón for Best Spanish Sportsman.

Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Beatrice Leopoldine Victoria; 20 April 1884 – 13 July 1966) was a member of the British royal family, a male-line granddaughter of Queen Victoria. She later married into the Spanish royal family, and was the wife of Alfonso de Orleans y Borbón, Infante of Spain, a first cousin of Alfonso XIII of Spain.

Queen Sofía of Spain

Sofía of Greece and Denmark (Greek: Σοφία; born 2 November 1938) is a member of the Spanish royal family who served as Queen of Spain during the reign of her husband, King Juan Carlos I, from 1975 to 2014. Queen Sofía is the first child of King Paul of Greece and Frederica of Hanover. As her family was forced into exile during the Second World War, she spent part of her childhood in South Africa, returning to Greece in 1946. She completed her secondary education in a boarding school in Germany before returning to Greece where she specialised in childcare, music and archaeology. She married Juan Carlos, son of the Spanish pretender Infante Juan, on 14 May 1962 with whom she has had three children: Elena, Cristina, and Felipe.

She became queen upon her husband's accession in 1975. On 19 June 2014, Juan Carlos abdicated in favour of their son Felipe VI.

Regalia of Spain

The Spanish Royal Crown may refer to either the heraldic crown, which does not exist physically; or the crown known as the corona tumular, a physical crown used during proclamation ceremonies since the 18th century.

The last time the crown was shown at a public ceremony was in the Cortes Generales during the swearing-in of His Majesty King Felipe VI on 19 June 2014 after the abdication of his father, King Juan Carlos I. Since July 2014, the Crown and sceptre are on permanent public display for the first time ever in the so-called Crown Room at the Royal Palace of Madrid.

Spanish Royal Guard

The Royal Guard (Spanish: Guardia Real) is an independent regiment of the Spanish Armed Forces that is dedicated to the protection of the King of Spain and members of the Spanish Royal Family. It currently has a strength of 1900 troops. While the guard does participate in parades and other ceremonial events, it is a fully functional combat unit. Its members are recruited from the ranks of all three branches of the Spanish Armed Forces and receive the same combat training as regular soldiers.

The guard contains a diverse mix of units: a Royal Marines company from the Navy, a paratroop company from the Air Force and an infantry company from the Army, among others. Some units have served in recent times in Afghanistan and Bosnia.

Spanish royal family
Coat of arms of the King of Spain

HM King Juan Carlos I
HM Queen Sofía

Extended royal family

HRH The Duchess of Badajoz

  • HE Doña Simoneta
  • HE The Viscount de la Torre
  • HE Don Bruno
  • HE Don Luis
  • HE Don Fernando

HRH The Duchess of Soria and Hernani
HE The Duke of Soria and Hernani

  • HE Don Alfonso
  • HE Doña María
Non-reigning pretenders

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