Sozopolis (Pisidia)

Sozopolis in Pisidia (Ancient Greek: Σωζόπολη της Πισιδίας), which had been called Apollonia (Ἀπολλωνία) and Apollonias (Ἀπολλωνίας)[1] during Seleucid times, was a town in the former Roman province of Pisidia, and is not to be confused with the Thracian Sozopolis in Haemimonto in present-day Bulgaria.

Location

Isparta location Uluborlu
map of country round Sozopolis, Pisidia.

Sozopolis in Pisidia must have been situated in the border region of that province, since some ancient accounts place it in Phrygia.[2] Its site may correspond to present-day Uluborlu in Isparta Province, Turkey.[3] Older sources put it "Souzon, south of Aglasoun".[4] Modern scholars locate its site near Uluborlu, Isparta Province.[5][6]

History

Stephanus of Byzantium says that Apollonia in Pisidia (Sozopolis) was originally called Mordiaeon or Mordiaïon (Μορδιάιον), and was celebrated for its quinces.[7][8] The coins of Apollonia record Alexander the Great as the founder, and also the name of a stream that flowed; by it, the Hippopharas.[9][10] Two Greek inscriptions of the Roman period copied by Francis Arundell give the full title of the town in that age, "the Boule and Demus of the Apolloniatae Lycii Thraces Coloni," by which he concluded that the city was founded by a Thracian colony established in Lycia, but that conclusion is not universally accepted.[9]

Sozopolis in Pisidia was the birthplace of Severus of Antioch (born around 456).[11]

The icon of the Theotokos of Pisidian Sozopolis, celebrated by Eastern Orthodox Christians on 3 September, originated in this city.[12]

Fragments of the Res Gestae Divi Augusti in Greek have been found in the area.

Bishopric

Sozopolis sent its bishop and possibly two other representatives to the Council of Constantinople in 381,[2] and its bishop attended the Council of Ephesus in 431.[13]

The see is included in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees.[3]

References

  1. ^ Strabo. Geographica. p. 576. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  2. ^ a b Getzel M. Cohen, The Hellenistic Settlements in Europe, the Islands, and Asia Minor (University of California Press 1995 ISBH 978-0-52091408-7), p. 289
  3. ^ a b Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 975
  4. ^ Philip Schaff (editor), Basil the Great: Letters and Select Works, note to Letter CCLXVI of Saint Basil (to the Sozopolitans)
  5. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 65, and directory notes accompanying.
  6. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  7. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v. Ἀπολλωνία.
  8. ^ Athen. III 81 Α
  9. ^ a b  Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Apollonia". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.
  10. ^ Gustav Hirschfeld: Apollonia 21.(in German) In: Realencyclopädie der classischen Altertumswissenschaft (RE). Volume II, 1, Stuttgart 1893ff., col. 116.
  11. ^ Pauline Allen, C.T.R Hayward, Severus of Antioch (Routledge 2004 ISBN 978-1-13456780-5)
  12. ^ September 3 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
  13. ^ John Chapman, "Monophysites and Monophysitism" in Catholic Encyclopedia (New York 1911)

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Apollonia". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 38°04′21″N 30°28′14″E / 38.072539°N 30.470512°E

List of ancient Greek cities

This is a small list of ancient Greek cities, including colonies outside Greece proper. Note that there were a great many Greek cities in the ancient world. In this list, a city is defined as a single population center. These were often referred to as poleis in the ancient world, although the list is not limited to "proper" poleis. Also excluded from the list are larger units, such as kingdoms or empires.

A city is defined as ancient Greek if at any time its population or the dominant stratum within it spoke Greek. Many were soon assimilated to some other language. By analogy some cities are included that never spoke Greek and were not Hellenic per se but contributed to Hellenic culture later found in the region.

List of archaeological sites by country

This is a list of notable archaeological sites sorted by country and territories.

For one sorted by continent and time period, see the list of archaeological sites by continent and age.

Siege of Sozopolis

The Siege of Sozopolis saw the Byzantine conquest of the Seljuq Turk-held town of Sozopolis in 1120, improving Byzantine communications with the city of Attaleia.

Sozopolis

Sozopolis may refer to :

Sozopolis (Pisidia), a town in the late Roman province of Pisidia, in Asia Minor (present-day Turkey)

Sozopolis (Thrace), a seaside city in ancient Thrace (present-day Bulgaria)

Sozopolis in Haemimonto, a titular episcopal see of the Catholic Church, centered on Sozopolis, Thrace

Translation (relic)

In Christianity, the translation of relics is the removal of holy objects from one locality to another (usually a higher-status location); usually only the movement of the remains of the saint's body would be treated so formally, with secondary relics such as items of clothing treated with less ceremony. Translations could be accompanied by many acts, including all-night vigils and processions, often involving entire communities.

The solemn translation (in Latin, translatio) of relics is not treated as the outward recognition of sanctity. Rather, miracles confirmed a saint's sanctity, as evinced by the fact that when, in the twelfth century, the Papacy attempted to make sanctification an official process; many collections of miracles were written in the hope of providing proof of the saint-in-question's status. In the early Middle Ages, however, solemn translation marked the moment at which, the saint's miracles having been recognized, the relic was moved by a bishop or abbot to a prominent position within the church. Local veneration was then permitted. This process is known as local canonization.The date of a translation of a saint's relics was celebrated as a feast day in its own right. For example, on January 27 is celebrated the translation of the relics of St. John Chrysostom from the Armenian village of Comana (where he died in exile in 407) to Constantinople. The most commonly celebrated feast days, however, are the dies natales (the day on which the saint died, not the modern idea of birthday).

Relics sometimes travelled very far. The relics of Saint Thyrsus at Sozopolis, Pisidia, in Asia Minor, were brought to Constantinople and then to Spain. His cult became popular in the Iberian Peninsula, where he is known as San Tirso or Santo Tirso. Some of his relics were brought to France: Thyrsus is thus the titular saint of the cathedral of Sisteron in the Basses Alpes, the Cathédrale Notre Dame et Saint Thyrse. Thyrsus is thus the patron saint of Sisteron. Liborius of Le Mans became patron saint of Paderborn, in Germany, after his relics were transferred there in 836.

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