Sovremenny-class destroyer

The Sovremenny class, Soviet designation Project 956 Sarych (buzzard), is a class of anti-ship and anti-aircraft guided missile destroyers of the Soviet and later Russian Navy. The ships are named after qualities, with "Sovremenny" translating as "modern" or "contemporary". Most of the ships have been retired from active service and one converted into a museum ship in 2018, but several remain in commission with the Russian Navy. Four modified ships were delivered to the People's Liberation Army Navy, and remain in service.

The Sovremenny class were guided missile destroyers, primarily tasked with anti-ship warfare, while also providing sea and air defense for warships and transports under escort. The class was designed to complement the Udaloy-class destroyers, which were fitted primarily for anti-submarine operations.

Bezuprechnyy
Sovremenny-class destroyer Bezuprechny
Class overview
Name: Sovremenny class
Builders: Zhdanov Shipyard
Operators:
Preceded by:
Succeeded by:
Built: 1976–2004
In commission: 1980–present
Planned: 25
Completed: 21
Cancelled: 4
Active: 6 (+2 undergoing overhaul)
Retired: 13
Preserved: 1
General characteristics
Type: Guided missile destroyer
Displacement: 6,600 tons standard, 8,480 tons full load
Length: 156 m (511 ft 10 in)
Beam: 17.3 m (56 ft 9 in)
Draught: 6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)
Propulsion: 2 shaft steam turbines, 4 boilers, 75,000 kW (100,000 hp), 2 fixed propellers, 2 turbo generators,and 2 diesel generators
Speed: 32.7 knots (60.6 km/h; 37.6 mph)
Range:
  • 3,920 nmi (7,260 km; 4,510 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph)
  • 1,345 nmi (2,491 km; 1,548 mi) at 33 knots (61 km/h; 38 mph)
Complement: 350
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Radar: Air target acquisition radar, 3 × navigation radars, 130 mm gun fire-control radars, 30 mm air-defence gun fire control radar
  • Sonar: Active and passive under-keel sonar
  • ES: Tactical situation plotting board, anti-ship missile fire control system, air defence, missile fire-control system, and torpedo fire control system
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
2 PK-2 decoy dispensers (200 rockets)
Armament:
  • Guns:
  • 4 (2 × 2) AK-130 130 mm naval guns
  • 4 × 30 mm AK-630 CIWS
  • Missiles
  • 8 (2 × 4) (SS-N-22 'Sunburn') anti-ship missiles
  • 48 (2 × 24) SA-N-7 'Gadfly' surface-to-air missiles
  • Anti-submarine:
  • 2 × 2 533 mm torpedo tubes
  • 2 × 6 RBU-1000 300 mm anti-submarine rocket launchers
Aircraft carried:Ka-27 series helicopter
Aviation facilities: Helipad

History

Osmotritelny
Sovremenny-class destroyer Osmotritelny

The project began in the late 1960s when it was becoming obvious in the Soviet Navy that naval guns still had an important role particularly in support of amphibious landings, but existing gun cruisers and destroyers were showing their age. A new design was started, employing a new 130 mm automatic gun turret. Single and twin mounts were developed, and the twin mount chosen for its superior rate of fire. In 1971 a go-ahead was given for the Severnaya design bureau to design "a ship capable of supporting amphibious landings".[1] At the same time, the United States Navy was constructing new large Spruance-class multi-role destroyers. To respond to this new threat, Project 956 was updated with new air defence suite and new, powerful 3M80 anti-ship missiles. Although the Soviet Navy had largely moved to gas turbine propulsion for its new warships, steam turbines were selected instead for Project 956: partly because production of naval gas turbines would have been insufficient for entire program. Lead ship of the class, Sovremenny was laid down in 1976 and commissioned in 1980. A total of 18 were built for the Russian Navy, but currently only 5 remain in service due to lack of funds and trained personnel. Additional 3 ships are ongoing modernization and overhaul and 2 are laid-up in reserve (the table lists 3 in service 2 in reserve and 1 being overhauled and 11 decommissioned + 4 Chinese). All the ships were built by Severnaya Verf 190 St. Petersburg.

These ships have a maximum displacement of 7,940 tons. The ships are 156 metres (511 ft 10 in) in length, with a beam of 17.3 metres (56 ft 9 in) and a draught of 6.5 metres (21 ft 4 in). They are armed with an anti-submarine helicopter, 48 air defence missiles, eight anti-ship missiles, torpedoes, mines, long-range guns and a sophisticated electronic warfare system.

There are a total of three versions of this class: the original Project 956 armed with the 3M80 version of the Moskit anti-ship missile, and its successor, the Project 956A, which is armed with the improved 3M80M version of the Moskit with longer range. The main difference between the two is that the missile launching tubes on Project 956A are longer than that of Project 956 to accommodate the increased size of the newer missile, and these launching tubes can be used to fire / store the original 3M80 as well. A third version, Project 956EM, later developed for the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force was the latest development of this class. Chinese media called the ship "carrier killer".

Design

Command and control

The ship's combat systems can use target designation data from the ship's active and passive sensors, from other ships in the fleet, from surveillance aircraft or via a communications link from the ship's helicopter. The multi-channel defence suite is capable of striking several targets simultaneously.

Missiles

Otchayannyy2
Midships view.

The ship is outfitted with the Raduga Moskit anti-ship missile system with two four-cell launchers installed port and starboard of the forward island and set at an angle about 15°. The ship carries a total of eight Moskit 3M80E missiles, NATO designation SS-N-22 Sunburn. The missile is sea-skimming with a velocity of Mach 2.5, armed with a 300-kilogram (660 lb) high-explosive or a nuclear 200 kt warhead. The range is from 10 to 120 kilometres (6.2 to 74.6 mi). The launch weight is 4,000 kg (8,800 lb).

Two Shtil surface-to-air missile systems are installed, each on the raised deck behind the twin-barrelled 130 mm guns. Shtil is the export name of the SA-N-7, NATO reporting name Gadfly. (From the 9th ship onwards, same launcher is used for SA-17 Grizzly/SA-N-12 Yezh.) The system uses the ship's three-dimensional circular scan radar for target tracking. Up to three missiles can be aimed simultaneously. The range is up to 30 km (19 mi) against targets with speeds up to 830 metres per second (2,700 ft/s). The ship carries 48 Shtil missiles.

Guns

Otlichnyy1
Bow view.

The ship's 130-millimetre (5.1 in) guns are the AK-130-MR-184.[2] The system includes a computer control system with electronic and television sighting. The gun can be operated in fully automatic mode from the radar control system, under autonomous control using the turret mounted Kondensor optical sighting system and can also be laid manually. Rate of fire is disputed, but various Russian sources credit the weapon with a cyclic rate of 30–40 rounds per minute per barrel, in line with the French Creusot-Loire 100 mm or the Italian OTO Melara 127 mm/54, but faster than the US Mark 45.

The ship has four six-barreled 30 mm AK-630 auto-cannon systems. The maximum rate of fire is 5,000 rounds/min. Range is up to 4,000 m for low flying anti-ship missiles and 5,000 m for light surface targets. The gun is outfitted with radar and television detection and tracking. The latest Sovremennys carry the Kashtan CIWS system instead of AK-630.

Anti-submarine systems

Otlichnyy3
Helicopter pad.

The destroyers have two double 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes and two six-barrel RBU-1000 anti-submarine rocket launchers, with 48 rockets.[2] Range is 1,000 metres (1,100 yd). The rocket is armed with a 55 kg (121 lb) warhead.

Helicopter

The ship's helicopter pad and telescopic hangar accommodates one Kamov Ka-27 anti-submarine warfare helicopter, NATO codename Helix. The helicopter can operate in conditions up to Sea State 5 and up to 200 km (120 mi) from the host ship.

Countermeasures

The Project 956 destroyer is fitted with an electronic countermeasures system and carries a store of 200 rockets for the two decoy dispensers, model PK-2.

Sensors

Radar

Destroyer Bezuderzhnyy
Sovremenny-class destroyer Bezuderzhny underway.

The complete sensor suite and ECM comprises: 3D radar 'Top Steer', replaced later with 'Top Plate' (MR-760), 230 km range vs fighters and 50 km vs missiles and a total of 40 targets can be simultaneously tracked; Mineral system ('Band Stand') to allow the SS-N 22 guidance; 3 navigation and surface control radar MR-201 e 212; 2 'Bass Tilt' (MR-123) for CIWS; 6 'Front Dome'(MR-90) radar for SA-N-7 guidance (a very large arrangement to assure an effective defense against saturation attacks), linked with 3D radar and two SAM launcher (5 missile min each); 1 'Kite Screech' radar for 130 mm (MR-184 Lev). ECM and ESM are many: 2 ESM MR-410 or MP-405; 2 ECM MRP-11M or 12M ('Bell Shroud'), 2 'Bell Squat', 4 'Football B' and one MR-407; 2 PK-2M rocket launchers (140 mm), and 8 PK-10 (120 mm), 2–8 laser warning receiver systems Spektr-F, one Squeeze Box (TV, laser and IR system).

Sonar

Medium and high frequencies (M/HF) MGK-355 Platina integrated sonar system with NATO reporting name Bull Horn, including the MG-335 hull mounted array. Type 956 originally only carries the hull mounted array because the ASW gear of this class is primarily for self-defense. For Type 956A, an improved MGK-355MS Platina is carried, which include hull mounted array, VDS, and towed array, with NATO reporting names Bull Nose / Mare Tail / Steer Hide respectively. It is reported that Type 956EM equipped with the successor of MGK-355/355MS, the MGK-355TA integrated sonar system which includes both the hull mounted and towed arrays (with NATO reporting name Horse Jaw & Horse Tail respectively).

Propulsion

The ship's propulsion system is based on two steam turbine engines each producing 37,000 kW (50,000 hp) together with four high-pressure boilers. There are two fixed-pitch propellers. The ship's maximum speed is just under 33 knots (61 km/h; 38 mph). At a fuel-economic speed of 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph) the range is 3,920 nautical miles (7,260 km; 4,510 mi). Several ships of this class suffered from problems regarding their propulsion system that were so severe that they had to be retired.[3]

PLAN variants

The Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force (PLAN) had two modified Sovremenny-class destroyers delivered in December 1999 and November 2000. In 2002, the PLAN ordered two improved versions designated 956-EM. The first vessel was launched in late 2005, while the second was launched in 2006. All four vessels were commissioned to the East Sea Fleet.

On the improved Project 956EM the aft AK-130 main gun was removed. The four AK-630 CIWS were replaced by two sets of Kashtan CIWS short-range air defence gun/missile systems. Each Kashtan system comprises a 3R86E1 command module and two 3R87E combat modules. Each 3R87E combat module has two 30 mm GSh-30k six-barrel automatic guns (range 0.5–4 km (0.31–2.49 mi)) and two SA-N-11 air defence missiles. The missile is armed with a 9 kg (20 lb) warhead and has a range of 1.5–8 km (0.93–4.97 mi). This improved 956EM version is also the first to be armed with the newer version of SS-N-22, which reported has a designation of 3-M80MBE and possibly funded by China (according to Russian sources), and the new missile differs from the older ones mainly in that the range is increased from 120 km (75 mi) to 200 km (120 mi). The air defense software is upgraded to accommodate the newer SA-N-12/SA-17 SAM system, but since China had already joined Russia in developing an even newer successor, it is not clear if SA-N-12/SA-17 has entered Chinese service in large numbers.

In 2006, the extra spheres (painted white as the mid-2006) added atop of the superstructures of the Chinese ships appearing in latest photographs of the Chinese units have shown that these Chinese ships had been upgraded with the domestic HN-900 Data link (Chinese equivalent of Link 11A/B, to be upgraded) and SATCOM (probably the SNTI-240).

From mid-2014, all four Chinese Sovremenny-class destroyers are planned to undergo a midlife upgrade program. Hangzhou is currently undergoing refit with the removal of its original components, and are expected to be replaced with domestic systems. In addition to replacement of electronics and sensors, armament upgrades include replacing 2x4 3M80E Moskit anti-ship missiles with 2x4 YJ-12A supersonic missiles, swapping two launchers for 48 SA-N-12 SAMs with 4 sets of 8-cell vertical launch systems totaling 32 cells for HQ-16C or Yu-8 anti-submarine missiles and adding a 24-cell FL-3000N short-range anti-air missiles.[4][5]

  • Project cost: 600 million US$ (mid-1990s price) was the price paid for Project 956A (two ships), and 1.4 billion US$ (early-2000's price) for Project 956EM (two ships).[6][7]
Taizhou2005Sankt-peterburg

The third Sovremenny-class destroyer sold to China was delivered in December 2005.

PLAN destroyer Sovremenny bridge

The newest version has updated its close-defense systems.

PLAN destroyer Sovremenny rear view

The rear main gun has been removed from the latest version.

Ships

US Navy 050606-N-5258M-011 Russian destroyer RFS Nastoychivyy (DD 610) is currently underway participating in Baltic Operations (BALTOPS) 2005
Nastoychivy (DD 610) underway in the Baltic Sea off the coast of Ventspils, Latvia (2005).
Stoykiy
Overhead view of Stoykiy.
PLANS Ningbo (DDG-139)
Chinese destroyer Ningbo (139)
Name Namesake Laid down Launched Commissioned Fleet Status
 Russian Navy
Sovremennyy Modern 3 March 1976 18 November 1978 25 December 1980 Northern Decommissioned in 1998
Otchayannyy Reckless 1 March 1977 29 March 1980 30 September 1982 Northern Decommissioned in 1998
Otlichnyy Excellent 22 April 1978 21 March 1981 30 September 1983 Northern Decommissioned in 1998
Osmotritelnyy Circumspect 27 October 1978 24 April 1982 30 September 1984 Pacific Decommissioned in 1998
Bezuprechnyy Impeccable 29 January 1981 25 July 1983 6 November 1985 Northern Decommissioned in 2001
Boevoy Militant 26 March 1982 4 August 1984 28 September 1986 Pacific Decommissioned in 2010
Stoykiy Steadfast 28 September 1982 27 July 1985 31 December 1986 Pacific Decommissioned in 1998
Okrylyonnyy Winged 16 April 1983 31 May 1986 30 December 1987 Northern Decommissioned in 1998
Burnyy Impetuous 4 November 1983 30 December 1986 30 September 1988 Pacific Undergoing overhaul[8]
Gremyashchiy
(ex-Veduschiy)
Thunderous 23 November 1984 30 May 1987 30 December 1988 Northern Decommissioned in 2006
Bystryy Quick 29 October 1985 28 November 1987 30 September 1989 Pacific Active
Rastoropnyy Prompt 15 August 1986 4 June 1988 30 December 1989 Northern Decommissioned in 2012
Bezboyaznennyy Fearless 8 January 1987 18 February 1989 28 December 1990 Pacific Decommissioned in 2016
Gremyashchiy
(ex-Bezuderzhnyy)
Thunderous 24 February 1987 30 September 1989 25 June 1991 Northern Decommissioned in 2013
Bespokoynyy Restless 18 April 1987 9 June 1990 28 December 1991 Baltic Decommissioned in 2018, museum ship in Kronstadt[9]
Nastoychivyy
(ex-Moskovskiy Komsomolets)
Persistent 7 April 1988 19 January 1991 30 December 1992 Baltic Undergoing overhaul[10]
Admiral Ushakov
(ex-Besstrashnyy)
Fyodor Ushakov
(ex-Fearless)
6 May 1988 28 December 1991 30 December 1993 Northern Active
 People's Liberation Army Navy
Hangzhou
(ex-Vazhnyy)
City of Hangzhou 4 November 1988 27 May 1994 25 December 1999 East Sea Active
Fuzhou
(ex-Vdumchivyy)
City of Fuzhou 22 April 1989 16 April 1999 20 November 2000 East Sea Active
Taizhou
(ex-Vnushitelnyy)
either of two cities 3 July 2002 27 April 2004 28 December 2005 East Sea Active
Ningbo
(ex-Vechnyy)
City of Ningbo 15 November 2002 23 July 2004 27 September 2006 East Sea Active

China reportedly also holds the option to purchase an additional two Project 956EM in the future, but this now seems unlikely with the decision to proceed with the development of the Type 052 destroyer in 2005.

See also

References

  1. ^ "956 Sovremenny class". warfare.be. Archived from the original on 2016-04-23. Retrieved 2011-12-28.
  2. ^ a b "Sovremenny Class - Project 956". fas.org. Federation of American Scientists. Archived from the original on 2016-03-23.
  3. ^ "Sovremenny Class – Project 956". GlobalSecurity.org. Archived from the original on 2007-06-21. Retrieved 2019-05-11.
  4. ^ "China's PLAN Upgrading its Project 956E Destroyers with VLS and YJ-12A Anti-Ship Missiles". Navy Recognition. 15 April 2016. Archived from the original on 19 April 2016. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  5. ^ Lin, Jeffrey; Singer, P.W. (29 April 2016). "China Refits Older Warships for a Bigger Punch". Popular Science. Archived from the original on 2 September 2017. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  6. ^ Novichkov, Nikolai; Chang, Yihong; Scott, Richard (8 January 2002). "China buys two more Project 956EM ships". Jane's Defence Weekly. Archived from the original on 2002-02-06.
  7. ^ "Project 956 (Sovremenny Class) Missile Destroyer". SinoDefence. Archived from the original on 2006-08-22. Retrieved 2006-08-22.
  8. ^ В Санкт-Петербурге восстановят энергетическую установку эсминца "Бурный". FlotProm (in Russian). Mil.Press. 18 February 2013. Archived from the original on 28 September 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
  9. ^ В Кронштадте открыли крупнейший в России корабль-музей "Беспокойный" (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 27 July 2018. Archived from the original on 11 May 2019. Retrieved 11 May 2019.
  10. ^ "Эсминец Балтийского флота «Настойчивый» в 2019 году встанет на плановый ремонт". function.mil.ru (in Russian). 5 February 2019. Archived from the original on 7 February 2019. Retrieved 1 May 2019.

External links

AK-130

The AK-130 is an automatic naval cannon with a caliber of 130 millimetres (5.1 in).

Aleksandr Nosatov

Aleksandr Mikhailovich Nosatov (Russian: Александр Михайлович Носатов; born 27 March 1963) is an officer of the Russian Navy. He currently holds the rank of admiral, and is commander in chief of the Baltic Fleet.

Born in Sevastopol, Nosatov's initial service was with the Soviet Navy's Pacific Fleet during the last years of the Soviet Union. He remained in the navy after its formation as a Russian military force, rising through the ranks and serving in a number of posts in the Pacific Fleet. Following studies at the Naval Academy, he took command of his own ship in 2000. Various staff appointments followed, before Nosatov transferred to the Black Sea Fleet as its deputy commander, and then chief of staff, in the early 2010s. He briefly became head of the Naval Academy in 2016, shortly before a purge of the Baltic Fleet's higher echelons that year. Having served for only just over a month as head of the academy, Nosatov was appointed acting commander of the Baltic Fleet, and subsequently confirmed in the post later that year. He was promoted to admiral in 2018, and has received several awards and decorations over his career.

Baltic Fleet

The Baltic Fleet (Russian: Балтийский флот) is the fleet of the Russian Navy in the Baltic Sea.

Established 18 May 1703, under Tsar Peter the Great as part of the Imperial Russian Navy, the Baltic Fleet is the oldest Russian Navy formation. In 1918 the fleet was inherited by the Russian SFSR then the Soviet Union in 1922, where it was eventually known as the Twice Red Banner Baltic Fleet as part of the Soviet Navy, as during this period it gained the two awards of the Order of the Red Banner. Following the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Baltic Fleet was inherited by the Russian Federation and reverted to its original name as part of the Russian Navy.

The Baltic Fleet is headquartered in Kaliningrad and its main base in Baltiysk, both in Kaliningrad Oblast, and another base in Kronshtadt, Saint Petersburg in the Gulf of Finland.

Carrier battle group

A carrier battle group (CVBG) consists of an aircraft carrier (designated CV) and its large number of escorts, together defining the group. The first naval task forces built around carriers appeared just prior to and during World War II. The Imperial Japanese Navy, IJN, was the first to assemble a large number of carriers into a single task force, known as Kido Butai. This task force was used with devastating effect in the Imperial Japanese Navy's attack on Pearl Harbor. Kido Butai operated as the IJN's main carrier battle group until four of its carriers were sunk at the Battle of Midway. In contrast, the United States Navy deployed its large carriers in separate formations, with each carrier assigned its own cruiser and destroyer escorts. These single-carrier formations would often be paired or grouped together for certain assignments, most notably the Battle of the Coral Sea and Midway. By 1943, however, large numbers of fleet and light carriers became available, which required larger formations of three or four carriers. These groups eventually formed the Fast Carrier Task Force, which became the primary battle unit of the U.S. Fifth and Third Fleets.

With the construction of the large 'super carriers' of the Cold War era, the practice of operating each carrier in a single formation was revived. During the Cold War, the main role of the CVBG in case of conflict with the Soviet Union would have been to protect Atlantic supply routes between the United States and Europe, while the role of the Soviet Navy would have been to interrupt these sea lanes, a fundamentally easier task. Because the Soviet Union had no large carriers of its own, a situation of dueling aircraft carriers would have been unlikely. However, a primary mission of the Soviet Navy's attack submarines was to track every allied battle group and, on the outbreak of hostilities, sink the carriers. Understanding this threat, the CVBG expended enormous resources in its own anti-submarine warfare mission.

Guided missile destroyer

A guided-missile destroyer is a destroyer designed to launch guided missiles. Many are also equipped to carry out anti-submarine, anti-air, and anti-surface operations. The NATO standard designation for these vessels is DDG. Nations vary in their use of destroyer D designation in their hull pennant numbering, either prefixing or dropping it altogether. The U.S. Navy has adopted the classification DDG in the American hull classification system.

In addition to the guns, a guided-missile destroyer is usually equipped with two large missile magazines, usually in vertical-launch cells. Some guided-missile destroyers contain powerful radar systems, such as the United States’ Aegis Combat System, and may be adopted for use in an anti-missile or ballistic-missile defense role. This is especially true of navies that no longer operate cruisers, so other vessels must be adopted to fill in the gap.

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Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 operational history

Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 propulsion

Savoia-Marchetti SM.81

Savoia-Marchetti SM.82

Savoia-Marchetti SM.89

SB2A Buccaneer

SB2C Helldiver

SB2U Vindicator

SBD Dauntless

SC convoys

SC Seahawk

SC250 bomb

Scalphunter (Marvel Comics)

Scammell Pioneer Semi-trailer

Scammell Pioneer

Scarlat Callimachi (communist activist)

Schalburg Corps

Schalburg Cross

Scharführer

Scharnhorst-class battleship

Schiller International University

Schindler's List

Schindlerjuden

Schlachtgeschwader 2

Schloss Hartheim

Schmetterling

Schnellbomber

Schnellboot

Schütze

Schofield tank

Schola Cantorum

Schrödinger (Hellsing)

Schräge Musik

Schutzstaffel unit insignia

Schutzstaffel

Schuyler Enck

Schwarze Kapelle

Schweinfurt-Regensburg mission

Schweizerischer Vaterländischer Verband

Schwerbelastungskörper

Schwere Wehrmachtschlepper

Schwerer Gustav

Schwerer Panzerspähwagen

Science and technology in Nazi Germany

Scots College (Paris)

Scott Atran

Scott Corbett

Scouting in displaced persons camps

SCR-268 radar

SCR-270 radar

SCR-536

SCR-584 radar

Scrap Iron Flotilla

Screamin' Jay Hawkins

Scribner Army Airfield

Scuttling of the French fleet in Toulon

Sd.Kfz. 10

Sd.Kfz. 11

Sd.Kfz. 2

Sd.Kfz. 250

Sd.Kfz. 251

Sd.Kfz. 252

Sd.Kfz. 253

Sd.Kfz. 254

Sd.Kfz. 4

Sd.Kfz. 6

Sd.Kfz. 7

Sea of Azov coastal advance

Sea of Sand

Seabees in World War II

Seagoing cowboys

Search for HMAS Sydney and German auxiliary cruiser Kormoran

Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corporation

Sebastian Haffner

Sebring Regional Airport

Sechsschartenturm, Heavy MG bunker, La Mare Mill

Second Air Force

Second anti-Partisan offensive

Second Army (Australia)

Second Army (United Kingdom)

Second Artillery Corps

Second Australian Imperial Force

Second Battle of El Alamein order of battle

Second Battle of El Alamein

Second Battle of Kharkov

Second Battle of Sirte

Second Battle of the Java Sea

Second Cairo Conference

Second East Turkestan Republic

Second Encirclement Campaign against Hubei-Henan-Shaanxi Soviet

Second Encirclement Campaign against Jiangxi Soviet

Second Encirclement Campaign against Shaanxi-Gansu Soviet

Second Encirclement Campaign

Second French Indochina Campaign

Second Great Fire of London

Second Guangxi Campaign

Second Happy Time

Second Infantry Fusiliers Division

Second Philippine Republic

Second Quebec Conference

Second Raid on Schweinfurt

Second Sino-Japanese War

Second Taiwan Strait Crisis

Second United Front

Second United States Army

Second Vienna Award

Second World War at Sea series

Secret Agent (1947 film)

Secret Agent X-9 (1945 serial)

Secret Army (Belgium)

Secret Army (TV series)

Secret Polish Army

Secret Service in Darkest Africa

Secret Weapons Over Normandy

Security Battalions

Security Division (Germany)

Sedgley OSS .38

Sedjenane

Seeds of Destiny

Seehund

Seetakt radar

Seeteufel

Sefanaia Sukanaivalu

Seigo Kosaku

Seiichi Itō

Seiichi Kuno

Seiji Yoshida

Seine

Seishirō Itagaki

Sekula Drljević

Selarang Barracks Incident

Selbstopfer

Selbstschutz

Selective Training and Service Act of 1940

Self-Government Guiding Board

Self-portrait with a friend (Raphael)

Self determination

Selim Ben Achour

Selma Meerbaum-Eisinger

Selvino children

Selâhattin Ülkümen

Semitan

Semovente 105/25

Semovente 47/32

Semovente 75/18

Semovente 75/34

Semovente 90/53

Semovente da 149/40

Semyon Krivoshein

Semyon Rudniev

Semyon Timoshenko

Senate of France

Sendai-class cruiser

Senger Line

Senio

Senjūrō Hayashi

Senjinkun military code

Senninbari

Sentai

Sentarō Ōmori

Sentier (Paris Métro)

Sentimental Journey (aircraft)

Sentinel tank

Sentosa

Sepp Dietrich

Seppo Lindström

September Massacres

Serbia (1941-1944)

Serbian State Guard

Serbian Volunteer Corps

Serge and Beate Klarsfeld

Serge Elisséeff

Serge Gainsbourg

Serge Le Dizet

Serge Moscovici

Serge Nigg

Serge Thion

Serge Weinberg

Sergei Ivanovich Tiulpanov

Sergei Khudyakov

Sergei Semak

Sergey Belavenets

Sergey Biryuzov

Sergey Kavtaradze

Sergio Osmeña

Sergio Parisse

Sergio Pignedoli

Series E bond

Serjeant's Inn

Serrate radar detector

Service d'ordre légionnaire

Service for Poland's Victory

Servicemen's Readjustment Act (USA)

Services Reconnaissance Department

Seán Russell

Seth Neddermeyer

Settela Steinbach

Seven anti-Partisan offensives

Seven Beauties

Seven Wise Dwarfs

Seventeen Moments of Spring

Seventeenth Air Force

Seventeenth Army (Japan)

Seventh Air Force

Seventh United States Army

Severin Louis Rombach

Severodvinsk

Seweryn Franciszek Czetwertyński-Światopełk

Sexton (artillery)

Sexual enslavement by Nazi Germany in World War II

Seymour Benzer

Seymour W. Terry

Sfarmă-Piatră

SG-43 Goryunov

SGH War Memorial

Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos

Sgt. Rock (comics)

Sh'erit ha-Pletah

Shōji Nishimura

Shōjirō Iida

Shōwa Restoration

Shōzō Murata

Shaanxi Y-8

Shaanxi Y-9

Shadi Air Base

Shadow of Suribachi: Raising the Flags on Iwo Jima

Shadows of Memory

Shafter Airport

Shag Crawford

Shah Nawaz Khan (general)

Shah Seyyed Ali Kazemi

Shahid-e-Bharat

Shakespeare and Company (bookstore)

Shakhbut Bin Sultan Al Nahyan

Shalom Yoran

Shalva Maghlakelidze

Shang Zhen

Shangdang Campaign

Shangguan Yunxiang

Shanghai Campaign

Shanghai Expeditionary Army

Shanghai ghetto

Shanlin

Shantou-class gunboat

Shaukat Malik

Shchuka-class submarine

Sheffield Blitz

Shefqet Verlaci

Shek Kong Airfield

Shelby Storck

Shell Shock

Shelling of Mainila

Shenton Thomas

Shenyang J-11

Shenyang J-5

Shenyang J-6

Shenyang J-8

Shenyang Military Region

Sher-e-Hind

Sher Bahadur Thapa

Sher Shah (VC)

Sheriff Andy Taylor

Sherman Firefly

Sherman W. Tribbitt

Sherwood H. Hallman

Sherwood Lett

Sherwood Schwartz

Shetland bus boats

Shetland bus

Shevah Weiss

Shi-Ki

Shi Yousan

Shiba Gorō

Shibayama Yahachi

Shigekazu Shimazaki

Shigematsu Sakaibara

Shigenori Tōgō

Shigeru Fukudome

Shigeru Honjō

Shigetarō Shimada

Shigeyoshi Inoue

Shigeyoshi Miwa

Shigiyasu Suzuki

Shiing-Shen Chern

Shikata ga nai

Shikishima-class battleship

Shimamura Hayao

Shimane Maru-class escort aircraft carrier

Shimushu-class coastal defense ship

Shimushu escort

Shin guntō

Shin Onna Tachiguishi-Retsuden

Shinkolobwe

Shinozaki Mamoru

Shintarō Hashimoto

Shinyei Nakamine

Shinyo (suicide boat)

Shinzo Hamai

Ship of Fools (painting)

Ships of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Shipyard Railway

Shirō Ishii

Shiratsuyu-class destroyer

Shiro Azuma

Shiva N'Zigou

Shizo Kanakuri

Shizuichi Tanaka

Shizuo Yokoyama

Shizuya Hayashi

Shlomo Carlebach (rabbi)

Shmuel Alexandrov

Shmuel Dovid Ungar

Shmuel Tamir

Sho Ito

Shoah (film)

Shoah Foundation

Shocker (Kamen Rider)

Shoes on the Danube Promenade

Shohatsu-class landing craft

Shoichi Yokoi

Shony Alex Braun

Shoo Shoo Baby (aircraft)

SHORAN

Shoreham Aircraft Museum

Short Seaford

Short Sunderland

Showa Steel Works

Shozo Sakurai

Shuangduiji Campaign

Shukri al-Quwatli

Shunji Isaki

Shunkichi Kikuchi

Shunroku Hata

Shyaulyay Offensive Operation

Sibiu Literary Circle

Sicherheitsdienst

Sicherheitspolizei

Sichuan invasion

Sid Luckman

Sid McMath

Sid Scales

Sidney Bates

Sidney Cotton

Sidney Dillon Ripley

Sidney Drell

Sidney George Rogerson

Sidney Hinds

Sid Jelinek

Sidney Keyes

Sidney Kirkman

Sidney Mashbir

Sidney R. Yates

Sidney Sheldon

Siebel Si 204

Sieg Heil

Sieg im Westen

Siege of Bastogne

Siege of Breslau

Siege of Calais (1940)

Siege of Changchun

Siege of Dunkirk

Siege of Malta (World War II)

Siege of Mogilev

Siege of Odessa (1941)

Siege of Sevastopol (1941-1942)

Siege of Tobruk

Siege of Warsaw (1939)

Siegfried Alkan

Siegfried Flesch

Siegfried Freytag

Siegfried Gumbel

Siegfried Handloser

Siegfried Hecker

Siegfried Kasche

Siegfried Knappe

Siegfried Line

Siegfried Müller (mercenary)

Siegfried Rasp

Siegfried Rädel

Siegfried Seidl

Siegfried Uiberreither

Siegfried Verbeke

Siegfried Wolfgang Fehmer

Siegmund Sredzki

Siemens-Schuckert D.I

Siemens-Schuckert D.III

Siemens-Schuckert D.IV

Siemens and Halske T52

Sieradz National Defence Brigade

Sig Rune

SIGABA

Sigfrid Lindberg

Siggie Nordstrom

Sigismund-Helmut von Dawans

Sigismund Payne Best

Sigmaringen

Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Rascher

Sigmund Sobolewski

Signe Johansson-Engdahl

Sigrid Hunke

Sigrid Schultz

Sikorski-Mayski Agreement

Sikorsky Memorial Airport

Silas Rhodes

Silbervogel

Silent Hunter 4: Wolves of the Pacific

Silent Hunter II

Silent Hunter III

Silent Hunter

Silent Raiders

Silent Running: My Years on a World War II Attack Submarine

Silent Service (video game)

Silent Service II

Silesian Offensives

Silver Star

Silverplate

Silvestre de Sacy

Silvestre S. Herrera

Silvio Cator

Simcha Rotem

Simcha Zorin

Simeon Saxe-Coburg-Gotha

Šimun Katalinić

Simion Stoilow

Simmon Latutin

Simo Dubajić

Simo Häyhä

Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr.

Simon Dubnow

Simon Emil Koedel

Simon François Ravenet

Simon Fraser, 15th Lord Lovat

Simon Kitson

Simon Sabiani

Simon Sheppard (far-right activist)

Simon Srebnik

Simon Vouet

Simon Wiesenthal

Simon Wilton Phipps

Simon Zimny

Simone and Cino Del Duca Foundation

Simone Del Duca

Simone Signoret

Simone Veil

Simone Weil

Simplon (Paris Métro)

Sin (Marvel Comics)

Sinan Hasani

Since You Went Away

Sinclair Ross

Sink the Bismarck!

Sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse

Sino-German cooperation (1911–1941)

Sino-Japanese relations (1931-1937)

Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945)

Siping Campaign

Sippenhaft

Sir Alfred Rawlinson, 3rd Baronet

Sir Charles Madden, 2nd Baronet

Sir Edmund Bacon, 13th Baronet

Sir Edmund Paston-Bedingfeld, 9th Baronet

Sir George Dick-Lauder, 12th Baronet

Sir Godfrey Nicholson, 1st Baronet

Sir Guy Campbell, 5th Baronet

Sir Henry Aubrey-Fletcher, 6th Baronet

Sir Hugh Barrett-Lennard, 6th Baronet

Sir Ivar Colquhoun, 8th Baronet

Sir James Hutchison, 1st Baronet

Sir John Arbuthnot, 1st Baronet

Sir John Aubrey-Fletcher, 7th Baronet

Sir John Dick-Lauder, 11th Baronet

Sir John Gilmour, 3rd Baronet

Sir John Smyth, 1st Baronet

Sir Louis Spears, 1st Baronet

Sir Martin Lindsay, 1st Baronet

Sir Max Aitken, 2nd Baronet

Sir Peter Proby, 2nd Baronet

Sir Richard Wallace, 1st Baronet

Sir Robert Cary, 1st Baronet

Sir Ronald Ross, 2nd Baronet

Sir Rupert Clarke, 3rd Baronet

Sir Standish O'Grady Roche, 4th Baronet

Sir Stephen Bull, 2nd Baronet

Sir William Gladstone, 7th Baronet

Sir William Mount, 2nd Baronet

Sir Winston Churchill High School

Sir Winston Churchill Secondary School (Vancouver)

Siracourt

Sisak children's concentration camp

Sisters in Resistance

Site A/Plot M Disposal Site

Situation Hopeless ... But Not Serious

Situation Hopeless... But Not Serious

Sixteenth Air Force

Sixteenth Army (Japan)

Sixth anti-Partisan offensive

Sixth United States Army Group

Sixth United States Army

SJ radar

Skink anti-aircraft tank

Skip bombing

Skitch Henderson

Skoda 100 mm Model 16/19

Skoda 100 mm Model 1916

Skoda 105 mm Model 1939

Skoda 150 mm Model 1918

Skoda 37 mm A7

Skoda 37 mm Model 1934

Skoda 37 mm Model 1937

Skoda 75 mm Model 15

Skoda 75 mm Model 1928

Skoda 75 mm Model 1936

Skoda 75 mm Model 1939

Skoda K-series

Skokie (film)

Skorpa, Møre og Romsdal

Skorpa prisoner of war camp

Skåne Line

Slaughterhouse-Five (film)

Slaughterhouse-Five

Slavko Šlander

Slavko Kvaternik

Slavko Stanzer

Sliač Airport

Slim Aarons

Sloan Doak

Sloan Wilson

Slobodan Jovanović

Slovak-Hungarian War

Slovak Insurgent Air Force

Slovak invasion of Poland

Slovak National Uprising

Slovak Republic (1939–1945)

Slovene Home Guard

Slovenská pospolitosť - Národná strana

Slutsk Affair

Small Box Girder

Small Scale Raiding Force

Smatchet

SMERSH

Smilo Freiherr von Lüttwitz

Smith & Wesson M&P

Smith Gun

SMK tank

Smoky (dog)

Smyth Report

SN machine gun

SNCF Class Z 20500

Sniper's Badge

Sniper! (board game)

SNOS

Snow White's Scary Adventures

So Proudly We Hail!

SO3C Seamew

Soap made from human corpses

Sobhuza II of Swaziland

Sobibor extermination camp

Social Outsiders in Nazi Germany

Social Pact

Society of Red Tape Cutters

Sociétaires of the Comédie-Française

SOE F Section networks

SOE F Section timeline

Soemu Toyoda

Sofiane Feghouli

Soldau concentration camp

Soldier of Orange

Soldier, what did you see?

Soldiers at War

Soldiers: Heroes of World War II

Solférino (Paris Métro)

Solko van den Bergh

Solomon Blatt, Jr.

Solomon Islands campaign

Solomon Islands Labour Corps

Solothurn S-18/1000

Solovyovo, Priozersky District, Leningrad Oblast

Solveig Dommartin

Some Punkins

Somerset Arthur Maxwell

SOMUA MCG

Somua S35

Sonderaktion 1005

Sonderaktion Krakau

Sonderkommando Elbe

Sonderkommando

Sonderkraftfahrzeug

Sonderweg

Song of Russia

Song Xilian

Song Zheyuan

Songs of the Third Reich

Sonja Morgenstern

Sonja Mugoša

Sonkrai

Sonnenstein castle

Sonny Bupp

Sonya Butt

Sonya Olschanezky

Soobrazitelny-class destroyer

Sook Ching massacre

Soong Mei-ling

Sophie's Choice (film)

Sophie Gengembre Anderson

Sophie Scholl

Sophie Zawistowski

Sophoklis Venizelos

Sorbonne

Sorley MacLean

Sotirios Versis

Sotnia

Souleymane Bamba

Soup Nazi

South-East Asian theatre of World War II

South-East Asian Theatre of World War II

South Alberta Regiment

South Atlantic air ferry route in World War II

South Atlantic Station

South by Java Head

South East Asia Command

South Manchuria Railway

South Pacific Combat Air Transport Command

South Pacific Scouts

South Quay Estate

South Sea Fleet

South Seas Detachment

South Seas Force

South West Pacific Area (command)

South West Pacific Area

South West Pacific theatre of World War II

Southampton Blitz

Southeast Area Fleet

Southern California Logistics Airport

Southern Expeditionary Army Group

Southern Front (Soviet Union)

Southern Jiangsu Campaign

Southern Rhodesia in World War II

Southwest Area Fleet

Southwestern Front (Soviet Union)

Souviens-toi du jour

Soviet-Japanese Border Wars

Soviet-Polish Non-Aggression Pact

Soviet Air Forces Order of Battle 1 May 1945

Soviet armored fighting vehicle production during World War II

Soviet battleship Sovetskaya Ukraina

Soviet cruiser Kirov

Soviet cruiser Krasnyi Krym

Soviet cruiser Maxim Gorky

Soviet deportations from Bessarabia

Soviet deportations from Estonia

Soviet destruction battalion 1941

Soviet gunboat Krasnoye Znamya

Soviet helmets during World War II

Soviet occupation of Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina

Soviet occupation of Hungary

Soviet occupation of Latvia in 1940

Soviet occupation of Romania

Soviet occupation zone

Soviet order of battle for invasion of Poland in 1939

Soviet partisan brigade 1941-1944

Soviet partisan detachment 1941-1944

Soviet partisan group 1941-1944

Soviet partisan regiment 1941-1944

Soviet partisan united formation 1941-1944

Soviet partisans in Poland

Soviet partisans

Soviet propaganda during World War II

Soviet repressions of Polish citizens (1939-1946)

Soviet S-class submarine

Soviet special camps

Soviet submarine L-3

Soviet tank production during World War II

Soviet Tankmen's Song

Soviet Union

Soviet VHF transceiver A7

Soviet Volunteer Group

Soviet war crimes

Soviet women in the Great Patriotic War

Soviet–Japanese Neutrality Pact

Sovremenny-class destroyer

Space Mountain (Disneyland, Paris)

Space Mountain: Mission 2

Space Nazis

Spain in World War II

Spallation Neutron Source

Spandau Prison

Spanish Cross

Sparrow Force

SPARS

Spartacus Educational

Spear of Destiny (video game)

Spearhead (novel)

Special Bureau for India

Special Courts

Special Engineering Detachment

Special Intelligence Service

Special Interrogation Group

Special Operations Executive

Special Repair Service

Specifications for World War II infantry weapons

Speculation about Mona Lisa

Speer und Er

Spica-class torpedo boat

Spike Milligan

Spirit of the Winter War

Spiru Haret

Spiv

Splendeurs et misères des courtisanes

Spook Louder

Sportpalast speech

Spring 1945 offensive in Italy

Springbok Club

Springer (tank)

Spyforce

Squad Leader Scenarios

Squad Leader

Squander Bug

Square Montholon

Squid (weapon)

SR West Country and Battle of Britain Classes

Srbe na vrbe!

Srbosjek (knife)

Sreten Žujović

Srul Bronshtein

SS-Begleitkommando des Führers

SS-Dienstalterslisten

SS-Ehrenring

SS-GB

SS-Hauptamt

SS-Leitheft

SS-Standarte Kurt Eggers

SS-Sturmbrigade Dirlewanger

SS-Totenkopfverbände

SS-Verfügungstruppe

SS-Wirtschafts-Verwaltungshauptamt

SS A. B. Hammond

SS A. Frank Lever

SS A. J. Cermak

SS A. Mitchell Palmer

SS Abner Doubleday

SS Abraham Clark

SS Admiral Nakhimov

SS Adolph Woermann

SS Aenos (1910)

SS Aenos (1944)

SS Albert M. Boe

SS Alexander Macomb

SS Amelia Earhart

SS American Victory

SS Amerigo Vespucci

SS and Police Leader

SS Andrew Furuseth

SS Annie Oakley

SS Antenor (1924)

SS Assyrian (1914)

SS Athenia

SS Audacious (1913)

SS Beatus

SS Benjamin Harrison

SS Bessemer Victory

SS Blairspey

SS blood group tattoo

SS Booker T. Washington

SS Brigade Westfalen

SS British Premier

SS Caribou

SS Castilian

SS Ceramic (1912)

SS Charles Bulfinch

SS Charles H. Cugle

SS Charles H. Herty

SS Chivalry

SS City of Benares

SS City of Cairo

SS City of Flint (1919)

SS City of Johannesburg

SS City of Nagpur

SS City of Paris (1922)

SS City of Pretoria

SS City of Venice

SS Clan Alpine

SS Clan Campbell (1937)

SS Clan Chisholm

SS Clan Forbes

SS Clan Fraser

SS Clan Macwhirter

SS Clara Barton

SS Clearton

SS Commissaire Ramel

SS Corinthic (1924)

SS Daniel Webster

SS David E. Hughes

SS Davidson Victory

SS Deutschland (1923)

SS Donau (1929)

SS Duchess of York

SS Eaglescliffe Hall

SS Emidio

SS Empire Brigade

SS Empire Elgar

SS Empire Miniver

SS English Trader

SS Fanad Head

SS Fiscus

SS Flynderborg (1930)

SS Führungshauptamt

SS Fort La Monte

SS Fort Lee

SS General von Steuben

SS George Calvert (MC Hull 29)

SS George E. Badger

SS George Washington Carver

SS Geronimo

SS Gouverneur Morris

SS Gustaf E. Reuter

SS Harriet Tubman

SS Hat Creek

SS Heimwehr Danzig

SS Henry Bacon

SS Henry R. Schoolcraft

SS James B. Stephens

SS James Longstreet

SS Jeremiah O'Brien

SS John Barry

SS John Harvey

SS John Stagg

SS John W. Brown

SS Khedive Ismail

SS Kościuszko

SS Kurtuluş

SS Lane Victory

SS Leopoldville (1929)

SS Long Service Award

SS Malakand (1919)

SS Marine Electric

SS Maritime Victory

SS marschiert

SS Martin Behrman

SS Martti Ragnar (1934)

SS Mayagüez

SS Meriwether Lewis

SS MIT Victory

SS Montfort Stokes

SS Mount Ida

SS Nitta Maru

SS Noronic

SS Ohio

SS Oliver Ellsworth

SS Patrick Henry

SS Paul Hamilton

SS Peleus

SS Pierre L'Enfant

SS Politician

SS Potrero del Llano

SS President Coolidge

SS Rajputana

SS Ranchi

SS Red Oak Victory

SS Richard K. Call

SS Richard Montgomery

SS River Afton

SS Robert E. Peary

SS Robert M. T. Hunter

SS Robin Moor

SS Russell A. Alger

SS Sacketts Harbor

SS Samarkand

SS Samuel Huntington

SS Santa Teresa

SS Sauternes

SS Scoresby

SS Soesterberg

SS Somersby

SS St. Louis

SS Stanford White

SS Stephen Hopkins

SS Storaa

SS Suevic

SS Thistlegorm

SS Thomas T. Tucker

SS Thorøy

SS Tiberton

SS Timothy Bloodworth

SS Timothy Pickering

SS Tjisalak

SS U.S.O.

SS uniform

SS Uriah M. Rose

SS Vega (1913)

SS Volo

SS Volunteer Grenadier Brigade Landstorm Nederland

SS William A. Graham

SS William and Mary Victory

SS Winona

SS Yarmouth Castle

SS Yawata Maru

SS Zachary Taylor

Sándor Büchler

Sándor Lumniczer

Sándor Prokopp

Sára Salkaházi

St-Gervais-et-St-Protais Church

St-Michel - Notre-Dame (Paris RER)

St Augustine Watling Street

St Martin's Church, Bladon

St Mildred, Bread Street

St Swithin, London Stone

St. George (Raphael)

St. John Graham Young

St. John the Baptist (Leonardo)

St. Michael (Raphael)

St. Michael Vanquishing Satan (Raphael)

St. Nazaire Raid

St. Petersburg-Clearwater International Airport

St. Sebastian (Mantegna)

St. Victor's Abbey, Paris

Stab-in-the-back legend

Stab (Luftwaffe designation)

Stabilizing Automatic Bomb Sight

Stabschef (SA)

Stabsführer

Stabsscharführer

Stade de France

Stade de la Beaujoire

Stade de Paris

Stade des Alpes

Stade Français Paris (football)

Stade Français Paris in cup finals

Stade Français

Stade Jean-Bouin

Stade Lesdiguières

Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir

Stade Pierre de Coubertin

Stade Roland Garros

Stade Sébastien Charléty

Staf De Clercq

Staffelführer

Staffelkapitän

Stahlhelm

Stalag 133

Stalag 17

Stalag fiction

Stalag II-A

Stalag II-B

Stalag II-D

Stalag III-A

Stalag III-C

Stalag IV-A

Stalag IV-B

Stalag IV-E

Stalag IV-G

Stalag IX-B

Stalag IX-C

Stalag Luft 7

Stalag Luft I

Stalag Luft III

Stalag Luft IV

Stalag Luft VI

Stalag V-A

Stalag VI-B

Stalag VI-C

Stalag VI-K

Stalag VII-A

Stalag VIII-A

Stalag VIII-B

Stalag VIII-C

Stalag VIII-D

Stalag VIII-E

Stalag VIII-F

Stalag X-B

Stalag XI-A

Stalag XI-B

Stalag XI-C

Stalag XIII-C

Stalag XIII-D

Stalag XVIII-A

Stalag XVIII-D

Stalag XX-A

Stalag XX-B

Stalag XXI-D

Stalag

Stalin's Missed Chance

Stalin's speech on August 19, 1939

Stalin Line

Stalingrad (2005 video game)

Stalingrad (book)

Stalingrad (1989 film)

Stalingrad (1993 film)

Stalingrad (2013 film)

Stalingrad (Paris Métro)

Stalingrad (wargame)

Stan Cullis

Stan Frankel

Stan Free

Stan Lopata

Stan Musial

Stan Rowley

Stan Spence

Stand Up for Justice: The Ralph Lazo Story

Standard Beaverette

Standartenführer

Stanisław Broniewski

Stanisław Bułak-Bałachowicz

Stanisław Dobosiewicz

Stanisław Grodzicki

Stanisław Grzesiuk

Stanisław Grzmot-Skotnicki

Stanisław Jankowski

Stanisław Kętrzyński

Stanisław Kasznica

Stanisław Leśniewski

Stanisław Maczek

Stanisław Mikołajczyk

Stanisław Mrozowski

Stanisław Patek

Stanisław Ruziewicz

Stanisław Ryniak

Stanisław Sedlaczek

Stanisław Skalski

Stanisław Skarżyński

Stanisław Staszewski

Stanisław Swianiewicz

Stanisław Taczak

Stanisław Urban

Stanisław Zaremba (mathematician)

Stanislas de Boufflers

Stanislas Dehaene

Stanislas Julien

Stanislav Zimprich

Stanislaw Ulam

Stanley A. Prokop

Stanley Bender

Stanley Burton Centre for Holocaust Studies

Stanley Dunham

Stanley Forman Reed

Stanley G. Benner

Stanley Hollis

Stanley Internment Camp

Stanley James Woodbridge

Stanley K. Hathaway

Stanley Matthews

Stanley R. Christianson

Stanley Rogers Resor

Stanley Savige

Stanley Warren

Stanley Waters

Star Bonifacio Echeverria, S.A.

Star of the Grand Cross of the Iron Cross

Star Tours

Stara Gradiška concentration camp

Starfish site

Starry Night Over the Rhone

Stars (film)

Stasys Lozoraitis

State of Burma

State racism

Statute on Jews

Stawka większa niż życie

Steel Panthers (series)

Steen Rømer Larsen

Steeve Joseph-Reinette

Stefan de Walden

Stefan Filipkiewicz

Stefan Frankowski

Stefan Heym

Stefan Inglot

Stefan Jaracz

Stefan Kieniewicz

Stefan Kisielewski

Stefan Korboński

Stefan Lichański

Stefan Lux

Stefan Mazurkiewicz

Stefan Rowecki

Stefan Starzyński

Stefan Strzemieński

Stefan Wincenty Frelichowski

Stefan Wolpe

Stefan Wyszyński

Stefan Zweig

Stefanie Zweig

Stefanos Sarafis

Stella Isaacs, Marchioness of Reading

Stella Kübler

Sten Mellgren

Sten Pettersson

Sten submachine gun

Stendhal University

Stendhal

Stepan Bandera

Stepan Kretov

Stephan Sinding

Stephanie von Hohenlohe

Stephen Ambrose

Stephen Bungay

Stephen Clarkson

Stephen Dodgson

Stephen Fleck

Stephen H. Norwood

Stephen Halden Beattie

Stephen Hastings

Stephen L.R. McNichols

Stephen M. Young

Stephen R. Gregg

Stephen Roskill

Stephen W. Groves

Stephen Worobetz

Steppe Front

Sterling Hayden

Stevan Dedijer

Stevan Sekereš

Steve Gohouri

Steve Hutchinson (figure skater)

Steve Reeves

Steve Shirley

Steven Derounian

Steven T. Katz

Stevo Žigon

Stew Bowers

Stewart Farrar

Stewart McDonald

Stewart Menzies

Stewart Udall

Steyr-Münichholz subcamp

StG44

StG45

Sticky bomb

Stien Kaiser

Stinson Municipal Airport

Stitch Encounter

Stjepan Filipović

Stockton Metropolitan Airport

Stolpersteine in the district of Braunau am Inn

Stolpersteine

Storm Across Europe

Storm Over Arnhem

Storm Over the Pacific

Storm Warning (Higgins novel)

Storming of the Bastille

Storybook Land Canal Boats

Stoyan Stoyanov

Straža na Drini

Strafbattalion

Straight Flush (B-29)

Strange Cargo (B-29)

Strasbourg - Saint-Denis (Paris Métro)

Strategic bombing during World War II

Strategic Bombing Survey (Atomic attacks)

Strategic Bombing Survey (Pacific War)

Strategic Bombing Survey

Strategic Command: European Theater

Strategic operations of the Red Army in World War II

Strawberry Fields (film)

StrayDog: Kerberos Panzer Cops

Street Names of Paris, 1er arrondissement

Strength Through Joy

Stridsvagn m/41

Strikers 1945 Plus

Strom Thurmond

Structure of the Imperial Japanese forces in the South Pacific Mandate

Structure of the Japanese Army in Mengjiang

Struma disaster

Stuart Greeves

Stuart Price

Stuart Russell (politician)

Stuart S. Stryker

Stuart Symington

Stuart tank

Studebaker US6

Studio Tram Tour: Behind the Magic

Sturer Emil

Sturmabteilung

Sturmbannführer

Sturmführer

Sturmgeschütz III

Sturmgeschütz IV

Sturmgeschütz

Sturmhauptführer

Sturmmann

Sturmpistole

Sturmscharführer

Sturmtiger

Sturzkampfgeschwader 2

Stuttgart Municipal Airport

Stutthof concentration camp

Stutthof Trial

Stéphane Allagnon

Stéphane Dalmat

Stéphane Gillet

Stéphane Glas

Stéphane Grappelli

Stéphane Mahé

Stéphane Mallarmé

Stéphane Pichot

Stéphane Pédron

Stéphane Sednaoui

Stéphane Ziani

Stéphanie Cohen-Aloro

Stéphen Drouin

SU-100

SU-100Y Self-Propelled Gun

SU-101 and SU-102 self-propelled guns

SU-122

SU-14

SU-152

SU-76

SU-85

Su Bingwen

Su Yu

Sub-district II of Żoliborz (of Armia Krajowa)

Sub-district III of Wola (of Armia Krajowa)

Sub-district IV of Ochota (of Armia Krajowa)

Sub-district VI of Praga (of Armia Krajowa)

Sub-district VII of Warsaw suburbs (of Armia Krajowa)

Subhas Brigade

Subhas Chandra Bose

Subject of the state

Submarine aircraft carrier

Submarine chaser

Submarine Command

Submarine pen

Submarines of the People's Liberation Army Navy

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Subsequent Nuremberg Trials

Sudden Strike

Sudetendeutsches Freikorps

Sudetenland Medal

Sudetenland

Sue Ryder

Sue S. Dauser

Suffren-class cruiser

Sugamo Prison

Sugar Ray Robinson

Suggestion Box

Suicide (Suvorov)

Suite française (Irène Némirovsky)

Suiyuan Campaign (1936)

Sukhoi Su-6

Sullivan brothers

Sully - Morland (Paris Métro)

Sully Prudhomme

Sulo Kolkka

Suma-class cruiser

Sumiteru Taniguchi

SUMKA

Summer Offensive of 1947 in Northeast China

Summi Pontificatus

Sumner Redstone

Sumter-class attack transport

Sun Chu

Sun Chuanfang

Sun Dianying

Sun Du

Sun Li-jen

Sun Lianzhong

Sun Tongxuan

Sun Weiru

Sun Yuanliang

Sun Zhen

Sundown town

Sune Bergström

Sunset at Chaophraya (1996 film)

Sunset at Chaophraya (2013 film)

Sunset/Sunside

Sunshine (1999 film)

Suomi M/31

Super-Soldier

Super Type A Cruiser

Super Yamato-class battleship

Superman (Earth-Two)

Supermarine Attacker

Supermarine Seafang

Supermarine Seafire

Supermarine Spiteful

Supermarine Swift

SuperPatriot

Superpower

Supervising Women Workers

Supreme Allied Commander

Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers

Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force

Supreme Order of Caucasians

Surcouf (N N 3)

Surrender of Japan

Survivors' Talmud

Susan Solomon

Susan Travers

Suwa Shrine (Nagasaki)

Suzanne Cory

Suzanne Malherbe

Suzanne Schiffman

Suzanne Spaak

Suzy Chaffee

Sven Friberg

Sven Lindqvist (footballer)

Sven Rydell

Sverre Bergh

Sverre Bratland

Sverre Granlund

Sverre Hansen

Sverre Helgesen

Sverre Petterssen

Sverre Riisnæs

Sverre Sørsdal

Svetomir Đukić

Svetozar Vujković

Svetozar Vukmanović-Tempo

Svolochi

SVT-40

Svyaschennaya Voyna

Swamp Ghost

Swarm (comics)

Swastika Laundry

Swastika Night

Swastika origin theories

Swastika, Ontario

Swastika

Swatow Operation

Sweden and the Winter War

Sweden during World War II

Swedish Coastal Artillery

Swedish extradition of Baltic soldiers

Swedish iron ore (WWII)

Swedish iron ore during World War II

Swedish neutrality

Swedish Resistance Movement

Swedish Volunteer Corps (Winter War)

Swift training rifle

Swing Kids (film)

Swing Kids

Switzerland during the World Wars

Swooner Crooner

The Swoose

Sword Beach

Sword in the Desert

Sy Bartlett

Sybil Bauer

Sybil Sassoon

Syd Anderson

Syd Lucas

Syd Shores

Sydir Kovpak

Sydney Atkinson

Sydney Brenner

Sydney David Pierce

Sydney Knowles

Sydney S. Shulemson

Sydney S. Woods

Sydspissen concentration camp

Sylvain Armand

Sylvain Distin

Sylvain Garel

Sylvain Lévi

Sylvain Marconnet

Sylvain Maréchal

Sylvain N'Diaye

Sylvan Shemitz

Sylvester Stadler

Sylvestre François Lacroix

Sylvia Rexach

Sylvie Valayre

Sylvin Rubinstein

Sylwester Braun

Syria-Lebanon Campaign

Szare Szeregi

Szilárd petition

Szmalcownik

Szmul Zygielbojm

Szpęgawski Forest

Sébastien Denis

Sébastien Izambard

Ségur (Paris Métro)

Sèvres - Babylone (Paris Métro)

Sèvres - Lecourbe (Paris Métro)

List of active People's Liberation Army Navy ships

List of active People's Liberation Army Navy ships is a list of ships currently in active service with the People's Liberation Army Navy. There are approximately 496 ships listed in the tables below that constitute active ships, but this figure does not include the 232 various auxiliary vessels of the PLAN. A summary of ship types in service with the PLAN include an aircraft carrier, amphibious transport docks, landing ship tanks, landing ship medium, destroyers, frigates, corvettes, missile boats, submarine chasers, gunboats, mine countermeasures vessels, replenishment oilers and various auxiliaries. In addition, there are also nuclear and conventional submarines presently in service.

All ships and submarines currently in commission with the People's Liberation Army Navy were built in China, with the exception of the Sovremenny-class destroyers, Kilo-class submarines and the aircraft carrier Liaoning. Those vessels were either imported from, or originated from Russia or Ukraine.

The convention for naming naval ships is as follows: Aircraft carriers are named after provinces. Nuclear-powered submarines are all named Changzheng (Long March) and number. Destroyers and frigates are named after cities. Smaller anti-submarine ships are named for counties. Tank landing ships and dock landing ships carry the names of mountains. Infantry landing ships are named for rivers. Replenishment ships are named for lakes.

List of ships of Russia by project number

The list of ships of Russia by project number includes all Russian ships by assigned project numbers. Ship descriptions are Russian assigned classifications when known. (The Russian term "проект" can be translated either as the cognate "project" or as "design".)

Project 1: Leningrad-class destroyer (Series I)

Project 2: Uragan-class guard ship (Series I & III)

Project 3: Fugas-class minesweeper (Series I)

Project 4: Uragan-class guard ship (Series II)

Project 5: Toplivo-1 class water lighter

Project 6: Dekabrist-class submarine

Project 7: Gnevny-class destroyer

Project 7U: Soobrazitelny-class destroyer

Project 9: S-class diesel attack submarine

Project 19: NKVD large guard ship, cancelled

Project 20: Tashkent-class destroyer leader

Project 21: Study for 35,500-ton Nelson class-style battleship

Project 22: Heavy cruiser design cancelled 1939

Project 23: Sovetsky Soyuz-class battleship

Project 24: post-World War II battleship design

Project 25: Study for 30,900-ton battleship

Project 26: Kirov-class light cruiser

Project 29 Yastreb-class guard ship

Project 29K Yastreb-class guard ship (completed after World War II)

Project 30: Ognevoy-class destroyer

Project 30K: Ognevoy-class destroyer (completed after World War II)

Project 30bis: Skoryy-class destroyer

Project 33: Conversion of Kirov-class cruiser Voroshilov to missile cruiser

Project 34: Modernization of Skoryy-class destroyers

Project 35: Mirka-class large patrol ship

Project 35M: Mirka II-class large patrol ship

Project 38: Leningrad-class destroyer (Series II)

Project 39: Uragan-class guard ship (Series IV)

Project 40: Destroyer design cancelled 1944

Project 41: Neustrashimy-class destroyer

Project 42: Kola-class large patrol ship

Project 43: NKVD guard ship

Project 45: Opytny-class experimental destroyer

Project 47: 4500-ton destroyer design

Project 48: Kiev-class destroyer leader

Project 50: Riga-class large patrol ship

Project 52: Purga-class large guard ship

Project 53: Fugas-class minesweeper (Series II)

Project 53U: Fugas-class minesweeper (Series III)

Project 56 Spokoinyy: Kotlin-class destroyer

Project 56A: Modified Kotlin-class large anti-submarine ship

Project 56EM: Kildin-class destroyer (prototype)

Project 56M: Kildin-class destroyer

Project 56U: Modernised Kildin-class destroyer

Project 57 Gremjashny: Kanin-class guided missile destroyer (prototype)

Project 57bis: Kanin-class guided missile destroyer

Project 57AM/PLO: Kanin-class ASW destroyer

Project 58: Fugas-class minesweeper (Series IV)

Project 58: Kynda-class missile cruiser

Project 59: T-250-class minesweeper

Project 60: Coastal minesweeper design

Project 61: Kashin-class destroyer

Project 61M: Modified Kashin-class large anti-submarine ship

Project 66: heavy cruiser design

Project 68: Chapayev-class light cruiser

Project 68bis: Sverdlov-class light cruiser

Project 69: Kronshtadt-class battlecruiser

Project 70E: Modified Sverdlov-class light cruiser

Project 71: Small aircraft carrier design cancelled 1940

Project 82: Stalingrad-class battlecruiser battlecruiser

Project 83: Ex-German heavy cruiser Lützow

Project 96: M-class submarine (Series VI, VI-bis & XII)

Project 96M: M-class submarine (Series XV, completed after World War II)

Project 97: Dobrynya Nikitich-class icebreaker

Project 97AP/2: Improved Dobrynya class icebreaker

Project 97P: Ivan Susanin-class icebreaker and border patrol ship

Project 106: Vydra-class landing craft

Project 122: Kronshtadt-class patrol boat

Project 122A: medium floating dry dock

Project 123: Komsomolets-class, motor torpedo boat

Project 130: Bereza-class deperming vessel

Project 133 Antares: Muravey-class border patrol boat

Project 133.1M: Parchim III-class small anti-submarine ship

Project 133.2: Parchim II-class small anti-submarine ship

Project 141: kashtan-class mooring buoy tender

Project 145: Sura-class mooring/buoy tender

Project 159: Petya-class frigate

Project 160: Altay-class tanker

Project 183: P-6-class torpedo boat

Project 183T: P-8-class torpedo boat

Project 183TK: P-10-class torpedo boat

Project 183R: Komar-class fast missile boat

Project 204: Poti-class anti-submarine corvette

Project 205M Tsunami: Osa-class fast missile boat

Project 205P Tarantul: Stenka-class border patrol boat

Project 206 Shtorm: Shershen-class torpedo boat

Project 206E: Mol-class torpedo boat (export version of Shershen class)

Project 206M: Turya-class torpedo boat

Project 206MR Vikhr: Matka-class missile boat

Project 253L MT: MT class minesweeper

Project 254: T43-class seagoing minesweeper

Project 257: Vanya-class coastal minesweeper

Project 258: T43-class minesweeper radar picket conversion

Project 258M: Upgrading of radars on Project 258 ships

Project 264: T58-class minesweeper radar picket conversion

Project 265: Sasha class minesweeper

Project 266 Rubin: Yurka-class seagoing minesweeper

Project 266M Akvamarin: Natya-class seagoing minesweeper

Project 266DB Akvamarin 2: Natya II-class seagoing minesweeper

Project 300: Oskol I-class floating workshop

Project 301T: Oskol II-class floating workshop

Project 303: Modified Oskol-class floating workshop

Project 304: Amur-class floating workshop

Project 304M: Amur II class repair ship with passenger facilities

Project 305: Tomba-class electric power station

Project 310 Batur: Don-class submarine support ship

Project 323: Lama-class floating missile technician base

Project 323B: Improved Lama class ballistic missile transport

Project 357: Libau-class despatch vessel

Project 376U: Yaroslavets class training launch

Project 394B: Primor'ye-class intelligence collection ship

Project 411B: Dry cargo lighter

Project 431: Cargo lighter

Project 437N: Khobi-class small tanker

Project 503M: Alpinist-class small intelligence ship

Project 513M: Modified T-43-class environmental monitoring ship

Project 527M: Prut-class rescue ship

Project 530 Karpaty: Nepa-class submarine salvage vessel

Project 536: Pioner Moskvy-class underwater research support ship

Project 537: Elbrus-class rescue ship

Project 550: Amguema-class polar logistics ship

Project 561: Voda-class water tanker

Project 563: Goryn-class seagoing tug

Project 563S: Goryn-class rescue tug

Project 577: Uda-class military tanker

Project 593: Volgograd trials tender

Project 611: Zulu-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 611AV : Zulu-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 613: Whiskey-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 615: Quebec-class coastal attack submarine

Project 627 Kit: November-class nuclear-powered attack submarine (prototype)

Project 627A: November-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 628: Golf I-class diesel-electric strategic missile submarine

Project 629M: Golf II-class diesel-electric strategic missile submarine

Project 633: Romeo-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 636 Varshavyanka: Improved Kilo-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 640: Whiskey Canvas Bag-class radar picket submarine

Project 640T: Whiskey Canvas Bag-class communications submarine

Project 640U: Whiskey Twin Cylinder class missile submarine (prototype)

Project 641: Foxtrot-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 641B Som: Tango-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 644: Whiskey Twin Cylinder-class missile submarine

Project 645 November-class nuclear-powered attack submarine with liquid metal reactor

Project 651: Juliett-class diesel-electric cruise missile submarine

Project 655: Whiskey Long Bin-class diesel-electric cruise missile submarine

Project 658: Hotel I-class nuclear-powered strategic missile submarine

Project 658M: Hotel II-class nuclear-powered strategic missile submarine

Project 659: Echo I-class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine

Project 659T: Echo I-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 661 Anchar: Papa-class nuclear-powered guided missile submarine

Project 664: Projected nuclear-powered amphibious assault submarine-minelayer.

Project 665: Whiskey-class diesel electric submarine

Project 667A Navaga: Yankee-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine

Project 667AM Navaga-M: Yankee II-class ballistic missile submarine

Project 667AU Nalim: Yankee I & II class missile upgrade

Project 667AT Grusha: Yankee Notch-class attack submarine conversion

Project 667M Andromeda: Yankee Sidecar-class cruise missile submarine conversion

Project 667B Murena: Delta I-class nuclear-powered strategic missile submarine

Project 667BD Murena-M: Delta II-class nuclear-powered strategic missile submarine

Project 667BDR Kalmar: Delta III-class nuclear-powered strategic missile submarine

Project 667BDRM Delfin: Delta IV-class nuclear-powered strategic missile submarine

Project 670A Skat: Charlie I-class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine

Project 670M Chayka: Charlie II-class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine

Project 671 Yersh: Victor I-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 671RT Semga : Victor II-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 671RTM Shchuka: Victor III-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 675: Echo II-class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine

Project 677: Lada: Sankt Petersburg-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 685: Plavnik: Mike-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 690: Kefal: Bravo-class diesel-electric submarine

Project 699: Upgraded Vanya-class minesweeper

Project 701: Hotel III-class nuclear-powered strategic missile submarine

Project 705 Lira: Alfa-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 712: Sliva-class rescue tug

Project 717: Projected nuclear-powered amphibious assault submarine (1970)

Project 730: Roslavl-class seagoing tug

Project 733: Okhtenskiy-class seagoing tug

Project 733S: Goliat-class Rescue tug developed from Okhtenskiy class seagoing tug, hence S suffix added to the project number (S = Spastel'niy)

Project 740: Yunnyy Partizan-class freighter

Project 745: Sorum class seagoing tug

Project 748: Projected nuclear-powered amphibious assault submarine

Project 770: Polnocny A-class small landing ship

Project 771: Polnocny B-class small landing ship

Project 772U: Bryza class training cutter

Project 773: Polnocny C-class medium landing ship

Project 773U: Polnocny D-class medium landing ship

Project 775: Ropucha I-class large landing ship

Project 775M: Ropucha II-class large landing ship

Project 776: Modified Polnocny C-class amphibious assault command ship

Project 782: meidum floating dry dock

Project 823: medium floating dry dock

Project 850: Nikolay Zubov-class expeditionary oceanographic vessel

Project 860 Azimut: Samara-class hydrographic survey ship

Project 861: Moma-class hydrographic survey ship

Project 861M: Moma-class small intelligence ship

Project 862: Yug-class expeditionary oceanographic vessel

Project 862.1: Yug-class medium intelligence ship

Project 862.2: Improved Yug-class intelligence ship

Project 864: Vishnya-class large intelligence ship

Project 865 Pyranja: Losos-class midget submarine

Project 870: Kamenka-class hydrographic survey ship

Project 871: Biya-class hydrographic survey ship

Project 872: Finik-class munition ship

Project 873: Sibiryakov-class expeditionary oceanographic vessel

Project 877 Paltus: Kilo-class diesel-electric attack submarine

Project 885 Yasen: Severodvinsk-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 887: Smolnyy-class training ship

Project 935: Borei-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine (prototype)

Project 940 Lenok: India-class diesel-electric rescue submarine

Project 941 Akula: Typhoon-class nuclear-powered strategic missile submarine

Project 945A Barrakuda: Sierra I-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 945B Kondor: Sierra II-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 949 Granit: Oscar I-class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine

Project 949A Antei: Oscar II-class nuclear-powered cruise missile submarine

Project 955: Borei-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine

Project 955A: Borei II-class nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarine

Project 956 Sarych: Sovremenny-class destroyer

Project 956A Sarych: Improved Sovremenny-class destroyer

Project 959 Oko: proposed further T58-class minesweeper radar picket conversion with improved radar

Project 962: proposed radar picket ship based on the Kara-class cruiser

Project 971 Bars: Akula-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 971U Shchuka B: Akula II-class nuclear-powered attack submarine

Project 977.0 Akson: Yankee Pod-class nuclear-powered submarine sonar testbed conversion

Project 978.0: Yankee Stretch-class nuclear-powered small submarine support submarine

Project 996: proposed Sovremennyy-class destroyer radar picket conversion

Project 1041.0: Svetlyak-class fast patrol boat

Project 1041.1: Svetlyak-class Kh-35 missile boat

Project 1041.2: Svetlyak-class gunboat (export version)

Project 1075: Lida-class minesweeper

Project 1083.1: Paltus-class special purpose submarine

Project 1112: Klazma-class cable ship

Project 1123 Kondor: Moskva-class anti-submarine cruiser

Project 1124K Albatros: Grisha IV-class small anti-submarine ship

Project 1124M Albatros: Grisha III-class small anti-submarine ship

Project 1124P Albatros: Grisha II-class small anti-submarine ship

Project 1124.4 Albatros: Grisha V-class small anti-submarine ship

Project 1134 Berkut: Kresta I-class missile cruiser

Project 1134A Berkut A: Kresta II-class large anti-submarine ship

Project 1134B Berkut B: Kara-class large anti-submarine ship

Project 1135 Burevestnik: Krivak I / Bditel'nyy-class large patrol ship

Project 1135M Burevestnik M: Krivak II / Bessmennyy-class large patrol ship

Project 1135.1 Nerey: Krivak III / Menzhinskiy-class border patrol ship

Project 1135.2 Burevestnik: Modernized Krivak I / Legkiy-class large patrol ship

Project 1135.5 Nerey: Krivak III-class border patrol ship

Project 1135.6 Grigorovich: Admiral_Grigorovich-class large patrol ship

Project 1141.1 Sokol: Aleksandr Kunakhovich small anti-submarine ship

Project 1143 Krechet: Kiev-class aircraft-carrying cruiser

Project 1143.5 Orel: Kuznetsov-class heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser

Project 1143.7 : Ulyanovsk-class heavy aircraft-carrying cruiser

Project 1144.2 Orlan: Kirov-class nuclear-powered missile cruiser

Project 1145.1 Sokol: Mukha small anti-submarine ship

Project 1151.0: Belyanka-class transport

Project 1154.0 Yastreb: Neustrashimyy-class frigate

Project 1153 OREL: projected nuclear-powered aircraft carrier (1976)

Project 1155 Fregat: Udaloy I-class large anti-submarine ship

Project 1155.1 Fregat: Udaloy II / Admiral Chabanenko-class large anti-submarine ship

Project 1157.0: Sadko-class Seagoing armament transport

Project 1159: Koni-class frigate

Project 1160 Oryel: projected nuclear-powered aircraft carrier (1969)

Project 1164 Atlant: Slava-class missile cruiser

Project 1166.1: Gepard-class small anti-submarine ship

Project 1171 Tapir: Alligator-class large landing ship

Project 1171.1: Ivan Gren-class landing ship

Project 1172: Emba-class cable ship

Project 1174: Ivan Rogov-class large landing ship

Project 1175: Biryusa-class cable ship

Project 1176 Akula: Ondatra-class landing craft

Project 1177.0 Serna: Serna-class landing craft

Project 1178: Kherson proposed Kiev-type amphibious assault ship

Project 1190: Khasan-class river monitor

Project 1204: Shmel'-class river monitor

Project 1205 Skat: Gus-class landing craft (hovercraft)

Project 1206 Kalmar: Lebed-class landing craft (hovercraft)

Project 1206.1 Murena: Tsaplya-class landing craft (hovercraft)

Project 1206.1E: export version Type 1206.1 without artillery rocket launchers.

Project 1206T: Pelikan class minelayer, mine laying version of Project 1206

Project 1208 Slepen': Yaz-class river patrol boat

Project 1209 Omar: Utenok-class landing craft (hovercraft)

Project 12210: fuel lighter

Project 1232.1 Dzheyran: Aist-class small landing ship (hovercraft)

Project 1232.2 Zubr: Zubr-class small landing ship (hovercraft)

Project 1234 Ovod: Nanuchka I-class small missile ship

Project 1234.1: Nanuchka III / Burun-class small missile ship

Project 1234.2: Nanuchka IV / Nakat-class small missile ship

Project 1236: Potok (Seman')-class torpedo trials ship Torpedo trials ship

Project 1239 Sivuch: Dergach / Bora class small missile ship

Project 1240 Uragan: Sarancha-class fast missile boat

Project 1241 Molniya: Tarantul I-class missile boat

Project 1241PE: Modified Pauk-class border patrol ship

Project 1241.1RZ Molniya M: Tarantul III-class missile boat

Project 1241.2 Molniya: Tarantul II-class missile boat

Project 1241.2 Molniya 2: Pauk-class small anti-submarine ship

Project 1241.2P Molniya 2: Pauk I-class border patrol ship

Project 1248 Moskit: Vosh-class river patrol boat

Project 1248.1: Vosh class riverine patrol boat without mine laying rails.

Project 1249: Piyavka-class border patrol ship

Project 1258: Yevgenya-class harbor minesweeper

Project 1259 Malakhit: Olya-class minesweeper

Project 1265 Yakhont: Sonya-class base minesweeper

Project 1266.0: Gorya-class seagoing minesweeper

Project 1270.0: Alexandrit-class minesweeper

Project 1274: Improved Klasz'ma class cable layer with mine laying capability

Project 1330: fisheries protection boat

Project 13560: medium floating dry dock

Project 1360: Chika class presidential yacht

Project 1388M: Razvedchik class flag officer's yacht

Project 1415.1: Tanya class workboat

Project 1431.0: Mirazh-class border patrol boat

Project 1452: Ingul-class rescue tug

Project 1453: Ingul-class rescue tug

Project 1454: Sorum Mod-class experimental craft

Project 14670: officers' yacht

Project 1481: Bis-class Riverine fuel lighter

Project 15010: fuel lighter

Project 1541: Luza-class missile fuel tanker

Project 1545: Baskunchak-class tanker water tanker

Project 1549: Manych-class water tanker

Project 1559B: Boris Chilikin-class military tanker

Project 1593: Boris Chilikin-class military tanker

Project 1595: Neon Antonov-class freighter

Project 16570: Khoper-class salvage tug

Project 16900A: Kanin-class cargo lighter

Project 1710 Makrel: Beluga-class experimental submarine

Project 1760: Medium floating dry dock

Project 1780: Shilka class medium floating dry dock

Project 1783A: Vala-class special wastes tanker

Project 1791: Amga-class transport

Project 1799: Pelym-class deperming vessel

Project 1799A: Improved Pelym class deperming vessel

Project 1806: Onega-class hydroacoustic monitoring ship and physical fields measuring vessel

Project 1823: Muna-class military transport

Project 1824: Muna-class military transport

Project 1826: Lira / Balzam-class large intelligence ship

Project 1828: Yuriy Ivanov-class large intelligence ship

Project 1840: Lima-class experimental submarine

Project 1851: Paltus (Nelma) class special op submarine

Project 1859: Berezina replenishment ship. Holm lists as Project 1833. Single vessel, Berezina, operated in the Black Sea Fleet from 1978 (acceptance into fleet service) to 2002. Scrapped in Turkey in late 2002.

Project 1886 Ugra-class submarine tender

Project 1893: Katun I-class firefighting ship

Project 1908: Akademik Sergei Korolev telemetry tracking and control ship

Project 1909: Kosmonavt Yuri Gagarin telemetry tracking and control ship

Project 1910 Kashalot: Uniform-class special purpose submarine

Project 1914.1: Marshal Nedelin-class range instrumentation ship

Project 1917: Kosmonaut Vladimir Komarov telemetry tracking and control ship

Project 1918: Vytegrales-class transport

Project 1941 Titan: Kapusta-class command ship

Project 1993: Katun II-class firefighting ship, also known as Ikar class

Project 2012.0 Sargan: Sarov-class submarine

Project 2020: Malina-class nuclear fuel transport ship

Project 2038.0: Steregushchy-class corvette

Project 2038.2 Tigr: Steregushchy-class corvette (export version)

Project 2038.5: Gremyashchiy-class corvette

Project 2038.6: Derzky-class corvette

Project 20910: Chilim class air cushioned vehicle

Project 21270: flag officer's yacht

Project 2163.0: Buyan-class corvette

Project 2163.1: Buyan-class missile corvette

Project 2163.2: Tornado, export version of Buyan

Project 2182.0: Dyugon-class landing craft

Project 2190.0: Project 21900 icebreaker

Project 2195.6: Proposed multi-purpose destroyer

Project 2198.0: Grachonok-class counter saboteur ship

Project 2212.0: Purga-class icebreaker

Project 2216.0: Vasily Bykov-class large patrol ship

Project 2235.0 Admiral Gorshkov-class frigate

Project 2246.0: Rubin-class border patrol vessel

Project 2280.0: Karakurt-class corvette

Project 2313.0: Academician Pashin-class military tanker

Project 2356.0: Lider-class destroyer

Project 2356.0E Shkval: Lider-class destroyer (export version)

Project 11711E: Cayman : amphibious assault ship

Project 11430E: Lamantin : nuclear-powered heavy aircraft carrier

Project A-202: Roslavl-class seagoing tug

Project B-92: Neftegaz-class tug

Project B-93: Akademik Fersman-class geophysical research ship

Project B-99: Iva / Vikhr-class rescue tug

Project B-320/320 II: Ob'-class floating hospital

Northern Wedding

Northern Wedding was a NATO Cold War naval military exercise, designed to test NATO's ability to rearm and resupply Europe during times of war. In 1978, it was described as being 'conducted every four years', but by the mid 1980s, Exercise Ocean Safari was being run in odd-numbered years, 'every other year, alternating with Northern Wedding.'

Russian ship Admiral Ushakov

Several Russian and Soviet warships were named Admiral Ushakov (Адмирал Ушаков) in honour of Fyodor Fyodorovich Ushakov:

Russian coast defense ship Admiral Ushakov, lead ship of her class of coastal battleships; sunk at the Battle of Tsushima in 1905

Soviet cruiser Admiral Ushakov, a Sverdlov-class cruiser, laid down in 1950 and scrapped in 1987

Russian battlecruiser Admiral Ushakov, formerly named Kirov, lead ship of her class of nuclear powered missile cruisers

Russian destroyer Admiral Ushakov (ru), formerly named Besstrashnyy, a Sovremenny-class destroyer, currently active in service

Type 052B destroyer

The Type 052B or Guangzhou class destroyer (NATO reporting name: Luyang I class) is a class of multirole missile destroyers built by the People's Republic of China. Two ships have been built, with Guangzhou (168) and Wuhan (169) both being commissioned into the People's Liberation Army Navy Surface Force in July 2004. This class features a stealthy hull and significantly improved air defence systems, an area that had been a major weakness on previous ships designed by China. These ships represent a major improvement over older generation vessels and reflects the PLAN's need for more modern destroyer designs.

USS McClusky (FFG-41)

USS McClusky (FFG-41) was a Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigate of the United States Navy. She was named for Rear Admiral C. Wade McClusky (1902–1976) who as a Lieutenant Commander led the air group of USS Enterprise, which sank the Japanese carriers Kaga and Akagi during the Battle of Midway. McClusky later served as part of Destroyer Squadron 1, and after 31 years of service, was decommissioned on 14 January 2015 at Naval Base San Diego.

William R. Hawkins

William R. Hawkins is a conservative American author and scholar whose principal field of study is the interplay between economic policy and national security. He serves on the board of the Asia America Initiative, a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting democratic ideals, strengthening international security, and mediating in conflict-plagued areas throughout the Asia-Pacific region. In 1990 he won the Republican nomination for the United States Senate race in Tennessee, but lost in the general election to the Democratic incumbent Senator Al Gore, Jr. He is the author, with Erin Anderson, of The Open Borders Lobby and the Nation’s Security After 9/11, a book published by the Center for the Study of Popular Culture in 2004.He graduated from the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign in 1972 with a degree in political science and history, and received an M.A. in economics from the University of Tennessee in 1980. He served as president of the Hamilton Center for National Strategy from 1989 to 1994, and wrote a syndicated column for the Knight Ridder/Tribune Newswire from 1991 to 1995. He served as a senior adviser on economic policy and national security from 1995 to 1999 to Representative Duncan Hunter, chairman of the National Security Subcommittee on Military Procurement, U.S. House of Representatives. Between 1997 and 2000 he hosted "In the National Interest", a one-hour radio program which was broadcast by the Information and Entertainment America Network in more than 60 radio markets across the United States. Between 1999 and 2008 he was senior fellow at the U.S. Business and Industry Council Educational Foundation.He was a prominent critic of the so-called FSX deal in which the U.S. government agreed in 1987 to provide the Japanese aerospace industry with important American military technology to build a new generation of fighter planes for the Japanese defense establishment. He argued that Japan should instead buy American-made planes.

In the mid-1990s he opposed the Clinton administration's cuts in the U.S. defense budget.Hawkins has called the Sovremenny class destroyer ships "cruisers" and complained that the United States has built no "cruisers" since 1994, even though the USS Arleigh Burke (DDG-51) class destroyers are much larger and more capable than the Sovremenny and continue to be produced.

Sovremenny-class destroyers
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Soviet and Russian ship classes after 1945
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