Southwest China

Southwest China (Chinese: 西南; pinyin: Xīnán) is a region of the People's Republic of China defined by governmental bureaus that includes the municipality of Chongqing, the provinces of Sichuan, Yunnan and Guizhou, and the Tibet Autonomous Region.

Southwest China
The southwestern People's Republic of China region.

Administrative divisions

GB[1] ISO №[2] Province Chinese Name Capital Population Density Area Abbreviation/Symbol
CQ 50 Chongqing Municipality 重庆市
Chóngqìng Shì
Chongqing 28,846,170 350.50 82,300
SC 51 Sichuan Province 四川省
Sìchuān Shěng
Chengdu 80,418,200 165.81 485,000 川(蜀)
Chuān (Shǔ)
GZ 52 Guizhou Province 贵州省
Gùizhōu Shěng
Guiyang 34,746,468 197.42 176,000 贵(黔)
Guì (Qián)
YN 53 Yunnan Province 云南省
Yúnnán Shěng
Kunming 45,966,239 116.67 394,000 云(滇)
Yún (Diān)
XZ 54 Tibet Autonomous Region
Xizang Autonomous Region
Xīzàng Zìzhìqū
Lhasa 3,002,166 2.44 1,228,400

Cities with urban area over one million in population

# City Urban area[3] District area[3] City proper[3] Prov. Census date
1 Chongqing[a] 8,894,757 12,084,385 16,044,027 CQ 2010-11-01
2 Chengdu 6,316,922 7,415,590 14,047,625 SC 2010-11-01
3 Kunming[b] 3,140,777 3,272,586 6,432,209 YN 2010-11-01
4 Guiyang 2,520,061 3,034,750 4,322,611 GZ 2010-11-01
  1. ^ Chongqing core area only, satellite urban area separated from Chongqing core area is not included.
  2. ^ Dongchuan is a satellite urban area separated from Kunming and it is not included.


  1. ^ GB/T 2260 codes for the provinces of China
  2. ^ ISO 3166-2:CN (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of China)
  3. ^ a b c 国务院人口普查办公室、国家统计局人口和社会科技统计司编 (2012). 中国2010年人口普查分县资料. Beijing: 中国统计出版社 [China Statistics Press]. ISBN 978-7-5037-6659-6.
Banan District, Chongqing

Banan District (simplified Chinese: 巴南区; traditional Chinese: 巴南區; pinyin: Bānán Qū), formerly Ba County, is a district of Chongqing municipality.

Chishui River

Chishui River (Chinese: 赤水河) is a major tributary of upper Yangtze River. Its name literally means "red water river" because it shows reddish color in lower stream due to a large sediment concentration. It derived in Yunnan Province, forming partly the boundary between Guizhou Province and Sichuan Province and flows into Yangtze River in Sichuan Province. It is sometimes called the River of Wines since there are several types of famous Chinese wines, including Lang Wine, Xi Wine and Maotai, originated along the river. It is also known as the field of a major battle commanded by Mao Zedong in 1935 during the Long March of Red Army. The Jiming Three Provinces Bridge is being built where 3 provinces of Sichuan, Guizhou, and Yunnan meet.

Dadukou District

Dadukou District (simplified Chinese: 大渡口区; traditional Chinese: 大渡口區; pinyin: Dàdùkǒu Qū) a district of Chongqing municipality.

Dadukou is an industrialised district where the Chongqing Iron & Steel Company Limited ("Chong Gang" or 重钢) is based. Most of the facilities, including school, hospitals, shopping-malls, etc. are organised around Chong Gang.


Erkuai (Chinese: 饵块; pinyin: ĕrkuāi, literally: ear piece) is a type of rice cake particular to the Yunnan Province of southwest China.The name literally means "ear piece," a reference to the shape of one of its common forms. It is often served stir-fried with vegetables, and málà (麻辣) sauce, which is a mixture of dried red chilis, Sichuan pepper, and salt.

It is also sold as the popular street food kăo ĕrkuāi (烤饵块) or shāo ěrkuāi grilled and rolled around a yóutiáo (strip of fried dough), with sweet or savory condiments added, making a rolled-up snack resembling a Mexican burrito. The sweet type contains a sweet brown sauce and peanuts, while the savory type is spread with lǔfǔ and bean sprouts, and various other toppings. Kăo ĕrkuāi is particularly popular in the tourist area of Dali.

Its peculiar name has led to it being called one of the Eighteen Oddities in Yunnan.

Furong Cave

Furong Cave (Chinese: 芙蓉洞) is a karst cave located on the banks of the Furong River, 20 km (12 mi) from the seat of Wulong District, Chongqing, People's Republic of China.

Jiangbei District, Chongqing

Jiangbei District (simplified Chinese: 江北区; traditional Chinese: 江北區; pinyin: Jiāngběi Qū) is a district of Chongqing municipality which is currently undergoing much development.

Jiulongpo District

Jiulongpo (simplified Chinese: 九龙坡; traditional Chinese: 九龍坡; pinyin: Jiǔlóngpō Qū) is a district forming part of the western part of the Chongqing urban core (重庆主城区). Its total population is around 675,000, while its urban city population is nearly 650,000 (2005).

Liangping District

Liangping District (Chinese: 梁平区; pinyin: Liángpíng Qū), formerly Liangping County (Chinese: 梁平县) and Liangshan County (Chinese: 梁山县) , is a district in the north of Chongqing Municipality, People's Republic of China.

Nanchuan District

Nanchuan (Chinese: 南川; pinyin: Nánchuān) is a district and former county of Chongqing, China, bordering Guizhou province to the south.


Nanzhong (Chinese: 南中; pinyin: Nánzhóng) is the ancient name for a region in southwest China that covers parts of present-day Yunnan, Guizhou and southern Sichuan provinces.During the Three Kingdoms period (220–280) of China, the Nanzhong region was part of the territory of the state of Shu Han (or simply Shu). In 225, some local governors rebelled against Shu rule while the Nanman tribes made intrusions into Nanzhong. In response, the Shu regent Zhuge Liang led imperial forces on a campaign in Nanzhong and succeeded in quelling the rebellions and pacifying the Nanman tribes. In legend, Zhuge Liang captured and released the Nanman leader Meng Huo seven times until the latter finally swore allegiance to Shu.

National Southwestern Associated University

When the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out between China and Japan in 1937, Peking University, Tsinghua University and Nankai University merged to form Changsha Temporary University in Changsha and later National Southwestern Associated University (Lianda) (traditional Chinese: 國立西南聯合大學; simplified Chinese: 国立西南联合大学; pinyin: Guólì Xīnán Liánhé Dàxué) in Kunming and Mengzi, in Southwest China's Yunnan Province. After the war, the universities moved back and resumed their operation. What was left behind in Kunming became the National Kunming Normal University which later emerged as the Yunnan Normal University.

Shizhong District, Chongqing

Shizhong District is a former district of Chongqing Municipality, China.

Shuangqiao District, Chongqing

Shuangqiao District (simplified Chinese: 双桥区; traditional Chinese: 雙橋區; pinyin: Shuāngqiáo Qū) is a former district of Chongqing, China.

In October 2011, Shuangqiao was merged into Dazu County to form the new Dazu District.

Southwest China vole

The Southwest China vole (Eothenomys custos) is a species of rodent in the family Cricetidae. It is found only in Yunnan and Sichuan, China. It occurs in Cangshan Erhai Nature Reserve.

Southwest University

Southwest University (SWU, simplified Chinese: 西南大学; traditional Chinese: 西南大學; pinyin: Xīnán Dàxué) is a comprehensive university in Chongqing, China. It is a Chinese Ministry of Education Double First Class Discipline University, with Double First Class status in certain disciplines.

Xiushan Tujia and Miao Autonomous County

Xiushan Tujia and Miao Autonomous County (Chinese: 秀山土家族苗族自治县; pinyin: Xiùshān Tǔjiāzú Miáozú Zìzhìxiàn), or Xiushan County for short, is located in the southeast of Chongqing Municipality, China. It is the municipality's southernmost county-level division.

Area: 2,450 km2 (950 sq mi)

Population: 620,000 (2006)

Yinglong Lake National Wetland Park

Yinglong Lake National Wetland Park is located in Nan'an District, Chongqing. It is a major suburban wetland park, educational base and protected area in Chongqing. This park is based on the western shore of Yinglong Lake, a reservoir lake built in 2003, which covers an area of more than 90 square kilometers. It is about 28 kilometers away from the downtown Chongqing. The wetland and the lake are strictly protected because they are the back-up water source of this city. The wetland park is open to public, and it is purposed to give people opportunities to view the scenic wetland and see wetland species, and to educate people to protect wetlands and water sources.

Yubei District

Yubei District (simplified Chinese: 渝北区; traditional Chinese: 渝北區; pinyin: Yúběi Qū), literally means the north of Yu (the abbreviation for Chongqing), is a district of Chongqing municipality, bordering Sichuan province to the north. Lianglu, which is a town administered by Yubei District, is where the Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport is located.

Zhong County

Zhong County or Zhongxian (simplified Chinese: 忠县; traditional Chinese: 忠縣; pinyin: Zhōng Xiàn) is a county of Chongqing Municipality, China.

The Shibaozhai Temple, which is endangered by the rising waters caused by the Three Gorges Dam, is located there.

Zhong County has two Yangtze River crossings: the Zhongxian Yangtze River Bridge and Zhongzhou Yangtze River Bridge.



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