Southeastern Anatolia Region

The Southeastern Anatolia Region (Turkish: Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesi) is a geographical region of Turkey.

It is bordered by the Mediterranean Region to the west, the Eastern Anatolia Region to the north, Syria to the south, and Iraq to the southeast.

Southeastern Anatolia Region

Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesi
Region of Turkey
Location of Southeastern Anatolia Region
CountryTurkey
Area
 • Total59,176 km2 (22,848 sq mi)

Subdivision

  • Middle Euphrates Section (Turkish: Orta Fırat Bölümü)
    • Gaziantep Area (Turkish: Gaziantep Yöresi)
    • Şanlıurfa Area (Turkish: Şanlıurfa Yöresi)
  • Tigris Section (Turkish: Dicle Bölümü)
    • Diyarbakır Area (Turkish: Diyarbakır Yöresi)
    • Mardin - Midyat Area (Turkish: Mardin - Midyat Yöresi)

Ecoregions

Terrestrial

Palearctic

Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and scrub

Provinces

Provinces that are entirely in the Southeastern Anatolia Region:

Provinces that are mostly in the Southeastern Anatolia Region:

Provinces that are partially in the Southeastern Anatolia Region:

Geography and climate

Gaziantep
Gaziantep Castle
Batman
Climate chart (explanation)
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
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Source: Turkish State Meteorology [1]

Southeastern Anatolia Region has an area of 59,176 km2 and is the second smallest region of Turkey. Southeastern Anatolia Region has a semi-arid continental climate with very hot and dry summers and cold and often snowy winters.

Tourism

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-01-19. Retrieved 2011-01-15.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External links

Coordinates: 37°00′N 40°00′E / 37.000°N 40.000°E

Apamea (Euphrates)

Apamea or Apameia (Greek: Απάμεια) was a Hellenistic city on the left (viz., the eastern) bank of the Euphrates, opposite the famous city of Zeugma, at the end of a bridge of boats (Greek: Ζεῦγμα zeugma) connecting the two, founded by Seleucus I Nicator (Pliny, v. 21). The city was rebuilt by Seleucus I. The site, once partially covered by the village of Tilmusa (formerly Rumkale), Şanlıurfa Province, Turkey, is now flooded by the lake formed by the Birecik Dam (Birejik Dam).The ancient term Zeugma actually referred to the twin cities on the opposing banks of the river. Today the name Zeugma is usually understood to refer to the settlement on the west bank, called Seleucia (Greek: Σελεύκεια) after the founder, while the one on the East bank was called Apamea after his Persian wife Apama.

Central East Anatolia Region (statistical)

The Central East Anatolia Region (Turkish: Ortadoğu Anadolu Bölgesi) (TRB) is a statistical region in Turkey.

Derik, Turkey

For the given name, see Derek.Derik (Syriac: ܖܪܝܟܐ‎ Dêrike, Kurdish: Dêrika Çiyayê Mazî‎) is a district of the Mardin Province in the southeastern Anatolia region of Turkey. It has borders with Mazıdağı, Viranşehir and Kızıltepe.

Karaca Dağ

Karaca (Kurmanji Kurdish: Qerejdax) is a shield volcano located in eastern Turkey.It was also known as 'Mount Masia'. Which in turn was used to give the title of an Iris found on the mountain, as Iris masia.On 6 March 2006 Der Spiegel reported that the Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research in Cologne had discovered that the genetically common ancestor of 68 contemporary types of cereal still grows as a wild plant on the slopes of Mount Karaca (Karacadag). The results strongly suggest that slopes of Karaca Dağ provided the site for the first domestication of einkorn wheat approximately 9,000 years ago.

Kulp, Turkey

Kulp (Ottoman Turkish: قولب‎ Qulb, central district: Ottoman Turkish: پاصور‎ Pasur, Kurdish: Pasûr‎, Zazaki: Pasor) is a district of Diyarbakır Province in Turkey. The population was 10,119 in 2010.

Kurd Mountains

Kurd Mountains or Kurd-Dagh (Arabic: جبل الأكراد‎ Jabal al-Akrad, Kurdish: چیای کورمنج‎ Çiyayê Kurmênc, Turkish: Kurt Dağı), is a highland region in northwestern Syria and southeastern Turkey. It is located in the Aleppo Governorate of Syria and Kilis Province of Turkey. The Kurd mountain should not be confused with the neighboring Jabal al Akrad (Kurds' mountain) which is located further southwest towards the mediterranean coastline.

Kurtalan

Kurtalan (Kurdish: Misirc‎) is a district of Siirt Province of Turkey.

Lice, Turkey

Lice (pronounced [ˈlidʒe]), (Ottoman Turkish: ليجه‎,) is a Kurdish district of Diyarbakır Province in Turkey. The population was 9,644 in 2010. It is located 90 km (56 mi) from the capital, Diyarbakır. The mayor is Rezan Zoğurlu (BDP).

On September 6, 1975, Lice was struck by an earthquake rated severe on the Mercalli intensity scale. More than 2,300 people were killed.

The Kurdistan Workers' Party or PKK, was founded in the village of Fis, in Lice district on November 27, 1978.The Lice massacre took place from October 20–23, 1993.

The Kurdish castle of Ataq used to exist near the modern Lice.

Mardin Airport

Mardin Airport is an airport in Mardin, Turkey (IATA: MQM, ICAO: LTCR), located in Kızıltepe, 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast from Mardin.

Mazıdağı

Mazıdağı (Syriac:Samrah, Kurdish: Şemrex‎) is a district of Mardin Province in the southeastern Anatolia region of Turkey. Today Sunni Muslim Kurdish people form a majority in this district as a result of the Assyrian Genocide and migration of the local Assyrian/Syriac people. Prior to this, nomadic Kurdish tribes inhabited the surrounding mountains.

Many Kurdish inhabitants moved to the provinces centre such as Diyarbakır, Mardin and Batman due to poverty and the conflict between the Turkish government and the PKK. The municipality towns elections were won by Hasip Aktas a member of the Democratic Society Party with %57 of all votes in 2009. Mazıdağı region is very rich in phosphate mines.

Oğuzeli Airport

Gaziantep Oğuzeli International Airport (IATA: GZT, ICAO: LTAJ) (Turkish: Gaziantep Oğuzeli Uluslararası Havalimanı) is a public airport in Gaziantep, Turkey. Inaugurated in 1976, it is 20 km far from the city. Gaziantep Airport was extended with construction started in 1998, and achieved the international airport status in 2006. The passenger terminal covers an area of 5.799 m² and has a parking lot for 400 cars.

Sakçagözü

Sakçagözü is a village in the Nurdağı of Gaziantep, Turkey. The population was 3000 in 1999. Located 3 km to the Northwest is the archaeological site of Coba Höyük, which contains Pottery Neolithic, Halaf, Ubaid, Late Chalcolithic/Uruk and Neo-Hittite material culture.

Siirt Airport

Siirt Airport (IATA: SXZ, ICAO: LTCL) is an airport in Siirt, the city in Southeastern Anatolian region of Turkey.

Siirt Province

Siirt Province, (Turkish: Siirt ili, Kurdish: Parêzgeha Sêrt‎) is a province of Turkey, located in the southeast. The province borders Bitlis to the north, Batman to the west, Mardin to the southwest, Şırnak to the south, and Van to the east. It has an area of 5,406 km² and a total population of 300,695 (as of 2010). The provincial capital is the city of Siirt. The majority of the province's population is Kurdish.

Silopi

Silopi is a district of Şırnak Province in Turkey's Southeastern Anatolia Region, close to the borders of Iraq and Syria. The district, composed of Silopi center, 3 depending townships with own municipalities and 23 villages has an urban population of 73,400 (2009 census).The Habur frontier gate, the only major crossing between Turkey and Iraq, is situated within the district of Silopi and is a decisive factor in the region's economy, both in Turkey and in beyond the Iraqi border. Queues of lorries waiting for customs and security clearance that sometimes reach a few dozens of kilometers on the motorway connecting the two countries are a common sight. The Khabur River, which carries the same name as the frontier gate, crosses in the district territory and joins the Tigris here. The Kirkuk-Ceyhan Oil Pipeline also crosses the district.

On August 7, 2015, clashes between Turkish security forces and the Kurdish militant PKK group may have killed three people. Government reports claimed "terrorists" were killed, while pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party lawmaker Faysal Sarıyıldız said that the casualties were civilians and that he had seen no sign of armed militants, according to Reuters. Conflict between PKK and the Turkish government in this region has escalated since late July 2015.

Southeast Anatolia Region (statistical)

The Southeast Anatolia Region (Turkish: Güneydoğu Anadolu Bölgesi) (TRC) is a statistical region in Turkey.

Taurus Mountains

The Taurus Mountains (Turkish: Toros Dağları), are a mountain complex in southern Turkey, separating the Mediterranean coastal region of southern Turkey from the central Anatolian Plateau. The system extends along a curve from Lake Eğirdir in the west to the upper reaches of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers in the east. It is a part of the Alpide belt in Eurasia.

The Taurus mountains are divided into three chains from west to east as follows;

Western Taurus (Batı Toroslar)

Akdağlar, the Bey Mountains, Katrancık Mountain, Geyik Mountain

Central Taurus (Orta Toroslar)

Akçalı Mountains, Bolkar Mountains, Anti-Taurus Mountains, Tahtalı Mountains, Aladaglar Mountain

Southeastern Taurus (Güneydoğu Toroslar)

Nurhak Mountains, Malatya Mountains, Maden Mountains, Genç Mountains, Bitlis Mountains

Tek Tek Mountains National Park

Tek Tek Mountains National Park (Turkish: Tek Tek Dağları Milli Parkı), established on May 29, 2007, is a national park in southeastern Turkey. It is located in Şanlıurfa.The national park covers an area of 19,335 ha (47,780 acres).

İslâhiye

Islahiye is a town and district of Gaziantep Province in southeastern Turkey. It is a railway border crossing into Syria.

The railway station of Islahiye is the last stop on the railway to Damascus in Syria. Since March 2001, a regular train line runs once a week between Syria and Iran via Islahiye.The state road D.825, which connects Gaziantep with Antakya, runs through Islahiye.

Imperial conversion
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
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