Oversight of the force is conducted by the Police and Crime Commissioner, Alan Billings, a former Anglican priest and Deputy Leader of Sheffield City Council who was elected at a by-election on 30 October 2014, to replace Shaun Wright, the incumbent who resigned in the wake of the Rotherham child sexual exploitation controversy.
The force's roads policing unit and its helicopter, Sierra Yankee 99, have been a feature in three television series: Traffic Cops, Sky Cops and Police Interceptors. The helicopter unit was subsequently taken over by NPAS, and closed down. The aircraft was decomissioned and sold to another country along with the rest of the MD902 fleet from forces across the country
|South Yorkshire Police|
|Motto||Justice with courage|
|Annual budget||£251 million (2012–13)|
|Operations jurisdiction||county of South Yorkshire (i.e. the metropolitan districts of Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham and Sheffield), England|
|Map of South Yorkshire Police's jurisdiction.|
|Governing body||Home Office|
|Headquarters||Carbrook House, 5 Carbrook Hall Road, Sheffield, South Yorkshire, S9 2EH|
|Sworn members||2710 (As of August 2013)|
|Unsworn members||2218 (As of August 2013)|
|South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner responsible|
|Vehicle Fleets||500 +|
The police force covers an area of approximately 600 square miles (approx. 1,554 square kilometres) which is made up of the county's three boroughs (Barnsley, Doncaster and Rotherham) along with the City of Sheffield. The resident population is 1.2 million. In terms of officer numbers the force is the thirteenth largest of the forces of the United Kingdom. Conversely, it is the 7th smallest territorial police force in terms of geographic area of responsibility.
The force is divided into four basic command units (BCUs):
Force Headquarters is at Carbrook House, in Tinsley, Sheffield, folloiwing a move from Snig Hill Police Station in early 2013. This move saw the Senior Command Team and other services (such as firearms licensing) move into one location. This was funded by the sale of out-dated buildings, including West Bar Police Station, and the future sale of vacated properties.
The Chief Constable is Stephen Watson who replaced DCC Dawn Copley who stood down a day after assuming the post due to 'her conduct at a previous force being investigated'. She had assumed the post after Crompton was suspended regarding comments made about the Hillsborough disaster. The Chief Constable is assisted by ACC Jo Byrne and Temporary ACC Rachel Barber. Nigel Hiller is the Director of Finance.
The South Yorkshire Special Constabulary is headed by Chief Officer Stephen Merrett. He is assisted by Deputy Chief Officer Craig Batham.
South Yorkshire Police is governed by the South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner. The election took place on 15 November 2012, the same day as 40 other elections for the respective Police and Crime Commissioners (the Metropolitan Police and City of London Police having other elected officials acting as Commissioner). His deputy, Tracey Cheetham, was confirmed by the South Yorkshire Police and Crime Panel in January 2013. This is a salaried position, which is coming under scrutiny by local press.
|South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner election, 2012 |
|Party||Candidate||1st round||2nd round|
First round votes Transfer votes
|Total||Of round||Transfers||Total||Of round|
|English Democrat||David Allen||22,608||15.56%||
|Liberal Democrat||Robert Teal||10,223||7.04%||
Before November 2012 police governance was undertaken by the South Yorkshire Police Authority, made up of elected councillors from the four metropolitan boroughs.
The force was formed in 1974, as a merger of the previous Sheffield and Rotherham Constabulary along with part of the West Yorkshire Constabulary area (which Barnsley Borough Police and Doncaster Borough Police had been merged into on 1 October 1968).
During the miners strike of 1984 officers from South Yorkshire attacked striking miners then arrested 95 on the charge of rioting. It was found the Police Force had fabricated evidence, carried out false arrest and assaulted miners. No police officer has ever been disciplined or accepted responsibility for their actions. Ex officer Tony Munday has called for an inquiry into how South Yorkshire Police handled the aftermath of the Battle of Orgreave claiming he was told what to put in his statement "by a senior South Yorkshire detective" after he arrested a miner during the Orgreave confrontation. "I've never before or since, while I've been a police officer, been involved where effectively chunks of a statement were dictated. They weren't my words,"
The force was condemned by Prime Minister David Cameron in September 2012 for their dishonesty and negligence in their handling of the Hillsborough disaster in 1989, which led to an apology from the then Chief Constable David Crompton. The Hillsborough Independent Panel had exposed the way in which the force had attempted to divert blame from their own mishandling of the tragedy by feeding false information to the media and altering statements given by their own officers. In June 2013, UK newspaper The Guardian reported on emails sent by Crompton in which he had suggested that the families of fans killed at the Hillsborough disaster had been untruthful. In one, Crompton had written: "One thing is certain – the Hillsborough Campaign for Justice will be doing their version … in fact their version of certain events has become 'the truth' even though it isn't!! I just have the feeling that the media 'machine' favours the families and not us, so we need to be a bit more innovative in our response to have a fighting chance otherwise we will just be roadkill."
In July 2014 South Yorkshire Police came under scrutiny once again following a much criticized filmed raid on the home of Sir Cliff Richard. No charges resulted but South Yorkshire police agreed to pay Sir Cliff £400,000 to settle a claim he brought against the force.
On 27 April 2016, it was reported that the force's Chief Constable David Crompton was to be suspended following statements made by South Yorkshire Police after the verdict of the jury in the second Hillsborough disaster inquest. He was temporarily replaced by Deputy Chief Constable Dawn Copley, but the following day it was announced that she herself would be stepping down "in the interests of the force and the workforce" after an investigation into her conduct whilst serving as Assistant Chief Constable at Greater Manchester Police was reported.
On 10 May 2016 it was reported that two serving police officers, a pilot serving with the National Police Air Service and two retired police officers who crewed the South Yorkshire Police helicopter were to stand trial accused of misusing the camera on the SY Police helicopter to film people who were naked or having sex. Four of the men denied charges of misconduct in a public office and were due to stand trial at Sheffield Crown Court on 17 July 2017. A fifth man did not appear at the hearing.
|Period of Appointment||Name|
|1974–1979||Sir Richard Barratt, CBE, QPM|
|1979–1983||James Hilton Brownlow CBE QPM|
|1983–1990||Peter Wright CBE|
|2004–2011||Meredydd Hughes CBE QPM|
|2011–2012||Robert Dyson QPM (temporary)|
This table sorts names alphabetically by default. The Roll of Honour is a list of all sworn police officers who have died whilst on duty. The Roll of Honour is provided by the national police charity, the Police Roll of Honour Trust.
|Name||Rank||Organisation||Date||Cause of death|
|Alfred Austwick||09Police Constable||West Riding of Yorkshire Constabulary||1886-08-011 August 1886 (aged 30)||Shot and fatally wounded by a man he had warned about his conduct|
|William Beardshaw||09Police Constable||Sheffield Borough Police||1855-07-2323 July 1855 (aged 26)||Struck on head by a stone during a street disturbance and died next day|
|Arthur Tyler Bull||10Special Constable||Rotherham Borough Police||1916-10-022 October 1916 (aged 46)||Collapsed of heart failure while on duty in the early hours|
|Archie Cornish||07Inspector||Sheffield Police Fire Brigade||1931-02-1818 February 1931 (aged 47)||Burns sustained fighting a fire at a hospital in November 1930|
|Sandra Jane Edwards||09Woman Police Constable||South Yorkshire Police||1995-05-1010 May 1995 (aged 28)||Traffic car crashed while pursuing a stolen car|
|Dave Fields||09Police Constable||South Yorkshire Police||2017-12-2525 December 2017 (aged 45)||Traffic car crashed while responding to an incident|
|Samuel Pidd Gibson||09Police Constable||Sheffield Borough Police||1872-02-2424 February 1872 (aged 33)||A fractured skull received during an arrest in a hostile crowd|
|Harold Grainger||09Police Constable||South Yorkshire Police||1974-10-2626 October 1974 (aged 35)||Police vehicle accident while on prisoner escort to Paisley|
|Glen Howe||09Police Constable||South Yorkshire Police||2008-10-2424 October 2008 (aged 48)||Police motorcycle accident attending an emergency in Sheffield|
|Thomas Andrew Jackson||09Police Constable||South Yorkshire Police||2003-12-1313 December 2003 (aged 46)||Collapsed dispersing rival football crowds with his police dog|
|William Jackson||08Sergeant||Sheffield City Police||1914-11-2626 November 1914 (aged 41)||Accidentally killed by a train while crossing the line on patrol at night|
|John William Kew||09Police Constable||West Riding of Yorkshire Constabulary||1900-07-1111 July 1900 (aged 29)||Fatally shot challenging two armed suspects who had threatened him|
|Harry Marriott||09Police Constable||Sheffield City Police||1961-06-088 June 1961 (aged 31)||Accidental collision with a van while on motorcycle patrol|
|Lot Moor||09Police Constable||West Riding of Yorkshire Constabulary||1900-06-1616 June 1900 (aged 58)||Found dead on his beat in the early morning believed from heart failure|
|Frank Hides Munks||10Police War Reserve Constable||Sheffield City Police||1940-12-1313 December 1940 (aged 52)||Enemy air raid|
|John Pollard||01Chief Constable||Rotherham Borough Police||1888-06-3030 June 1888 (aged 41)||Collapsed while running to the scene of a fire late at night|
|Edwin Pryor||09Police Constable||Sheffield Borough Police||1857-04-088 April 1857||Struck on head by a stone during a street disturbance and died next day|
|Rex Webster Robinson||08Sergeant||Doncaster Borough Police||1961-12-099 December 1961 (aged 52)||Collapsed while briefing traffic officers on shift changeover|
|Gina Corin Rutherford||09Woman Police Constable||South Yorkshire Police||1994-02-077 February 1994 (aged 25)||Drowned in a patrol car which left an icy road and crashed into a river|
|Barry Saunders||09Police Constable||South Yorkshire Police||1989-11-2424 November 1989 (aged 31)||Fell through a roof while checking burgled factory premises|
|James Slee||09Police Constable||Sheffield City Police||1940-09September 1940 (aged 30)||Road accident on patrol in a police motorcycle combination|
|Kenneth South||09Police Constable||Sheffield City Police||1960-03-3030 March 1960 (aged 25)||Motorcycle accident after finishing an extended tour of duty|
|Frederick Parkes Spencer||09Police Fireman||Sheffield Police Fire Brigade||1940-12-1212 December 1940 (aged 36)||Killed fighting a fire at the Empire Theatre after an enemy air raid|
|George William Watson||07Inspector||West Riding of Yorkshire Constabulary||1953-11-055 November 1953 (aged 48)||Collapsed soon after leading a police funeral escort|
The South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner by-election was a 2014 by-election on 30 October 2014 for the position of Police and Crime Commissioner in the South Yorkshire Police region of the United Kingdom. It was triggered by the resignation of Shaun Wright, the inaugural South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner, who stepped down from the position on 16 September 2014 following the Rotherham child sexual exploitation scandal. Wright had been head of children's services in Rotherham between 2005 and 2010, while events surrounding the scandal were taking place. The Labour candidate, Alan Billings, was elected.Alan Billings
Alan Roy Billings (born 7 October 1942) is an Anglican priest who is currently the South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner. He has been a parish priest and academic as well as being active in politics.Alcock v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire Police
Alcock v Chief Constable of South Yorkshire Police  UKHL 5,  1 AC 310 is a leading English tort law case on liability for nervous shock (psychiatric injury). The case centred upon the liability of the Police for the nervous shock suffered in consequence of the events of the Hillsborough disaster.Barnsley Borough Police
Barnsley Borough Police was the police force operating in county borough of Barnsley, England until 1 October 1968. The force was merged with other forces in 1968 to form the West Yorkshire Constabulary. The area passed to the South Yorkshire Police in 1974.Battle of Orgreave
The Battle of Orgreave was a violent confrontation on 18 June 1984 between police and pickets at a British Steel Corporation (BSC) coking plant in Orgreave, in Rotherham, South Yorkshire. It was a pivotal event in the 1984–85 UK miners' strike, and one of the most violent clashes in British industrial history. Alastair Stewart has characterised it as "a defining and ghastly moment" that "changed, forever, the conduct of industrial relations and how this country functions as an economy and as a democracy". Historian Tristram Hunt (a former Labour MP) has described the confrontation as "almost medieval in its choreography ... at various stages a siege, a battle, a chase, a rout and, finally, a brutal example of legalised state violence". Most media reports at the time depicted it as "an act of self-defence by police who had come under attack", and there still exists a body of opinion that the police at Orgreave "were upholding the law in the face of intimidation from thousands of strikers".Following the confrontation, 71 pickets were charged with riot and 24 with violent disorder. At the time, riot was punishable by life imprisonment. The trials collapsed when the evidence given by the police was deemed "unreliable". Gareth Peirce, who acted as solicitor for some of the men, said that the charge of riot had been used "to make a public example of people, as a device to assist in breaking the strike", while Mansfield called it "the worst example of a mass frame-up in this country this century". In June 1991, South Yorkshire Police paid £425,000 in compensation to 39 miners for assault, wrongful arrest, unlawful detention and malicious prosecution.In 2015, the Independent Police Complaints Commission reported that there was "evidence of excessive violence by police officers, a false narrative from police exaggerating violence by miners, perjury by officers giving evidence to prosecute the arrested men, and an apparent coverup of that perjury by senior officers". Alan Billings, the South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner, admitted that the police had been "dangerously close to being used as an instrument of state". Following the 2016 inquest verdict into the 1989 Hillsborough disaster, previously censored documents suggesting links between the actions of senior South Yorkshire Police officers at both incidents were published. This led to renewed calls for a public inquiry to be held into the actions of the police at Orgreave. In October 2016, Home Secretary Amber Rudd announced there would be no statutory inquiry or independent review in an Oral Answer to a Question in the House of Commons, in a written ministerial statement to the House of Commons and Lords, and in a letter to the Orgreave Truth and Justice Campaign (OTJC).Bernard Hogan-Howe, Baron Hogan-Howe
Bernard Hogan-Howe, Baron Hogan-Howe (born 25 October 1957) is a former English police officer and was the head of London's Metropolitan Police as Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis from 2011 until 2017.
Born in Sheffield, Hogan-Howe joined the South Yorkshire Police in 1979, becoming District Commander of the Doncaster West area, as well as obtaining university qualifications in law and criminology. In 1997, he transferred to Merseyside Police as Assistant Chief Constable for Community Affairs, moving on to area operations. He then joined the Metropolitan Police as Assistant Commissioner for personnel, before being appointed Chief Constable of Merseyside Police.
After two years as an Inspector of Constabulary, Hogan-Howe was briefly Acting Deputy Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police before being appointed Commissioner in September 2011. He once interrupted an interview in order to personally apprehend a criminal, and later made the controversial decision not to arrest protesters carrying an ISIS flag.
Hogan-Howe was knighted in the 2013 New Year Honours for services to policing.Disappearance of Ben Needham
Ben Needham (born 29 October 1989 in Sheffield) is a British child who disappeared on 24 July 1991 on the Greek island of Kos. At the time of his disappearance, he was aged 21 months. After initial searches failed to locate him, he was believed to have been kidnapped. Despite numerous claims of sightings, his whereabouts remain unknown.In October 2012, South Yorkshire Police began to follow a line of inquiry which suggested that Ben had been accidentally killed and buried in a mound of rubble by an excavator driver working in a field adjoining the house where he was last seen. Extensive excavation of the rubble was undertaken by British and Greek Police. One item of particular interest to the police was a Dinky toy car, which they hoped to recover and believed could be "key to discovering his fate." The search failed to detect any human remains or items belonging to Ben.In September 2016, the police returned to Kos to carry out further excavations. Although no remains were found, a yellow Dinky car, believed to have been Ben's, was recovered. Detective Inspector Jon Cousins, heading the inquiry, said: "It is my professional belief that Ben Needham died as a result of an accident near to the farmhouse in Iraklis where he was last seen playing. The recovery of this item, and its location, further adds to my belief that material was removed from the farmhouse on or shortly after the day that Ben disappeared." In November 2018, British police said that blood found on the aforementioned toy car was not Ben's.Doncaster Borough Police
Doncaster Borough Police was the police force operating in the county borough of Doncaster, England from 1836 until 1 October 1968. The force was then merged with others to form a West Yorkshire Constabulary. From 1974 its area passed to the South Yorkshire Police.Hillsborough disaster
The Hillsborough disaster was a fatal crush of people during an FA Cup semi-final football match between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest at Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield, England, on 15 April 1989. With 96 fatalities and 766 injuries, it remains the worst disaster in British sporting history. The crush occurred in the two standing-only central pens in the Leppings Lane stand, allocated to Liverpool supporters. Shortly before kick-off, in an attempt to ease overcrowding outside the entrance turnstiles, the police match commander, chief superintendent David Duckenfield, ordered exit gate C to be opened, leading to an influx of even more supporters to the already overcrowded central pens.In the days and weeks following the disaster, police fed false stories to the press suggesting that hooliganism and drunkenness by Liverpool supporters were the root causes of the disaster. Blaming of Liverpool fans persisted even after the Taylor Report of 1990, which found that the main cause of the disaster was a failure of control by South Yorkshire Police (SYP). Following the Taylor report, the Director of Public Prosecutions (DPP) ruled there was no evidence to justify prosecution of any individuals or institutions. The disaster also led to a number of safety improvements in the largest English football grounds, notably the elimination of fenced standing terraces in favour of all-seater stadiums in the top two tiers of English football.The first coroner's inquests into the Hillsborough disaster, completed in 1991, ruled all deaths that occurred that day to be accidental. Families strongly rejected the original coroner's findings, and their fight to have the matter re-opened persisted, despite Lord Justice Stuart-Smith concluding in 1997 there was no justification for a new inquiry. Private prosecutions brought by the Hillsborough Families Support Group against Duckenfield and his deputy Bernard Murray failed in 2000.In 2009, a Hillsborough Independent Panel was formed to review all evidence. Reporting in 2012, it confirmed Taylor's 1990 criticisms, while also revealing new details about the extent of police efforts to shift blame onto fans, the role of other emergency services, and the error of the first coroner's inquests. The panel's report resulted in the previous findings of accidental death being quashed, and the creation of new coroner's inquests. It also produced two criminal investigations led by police in 2012: Operation Resolve to look into the causes of the disaster, and by the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) to examine actions by police in the aftermath.The second coroner's inquests were held from 1 April 2014 to 26 April 2016. They ruled that the supporters were unlawfully killed due to grossly negligent failures by police and ambulance services to fulfil their duty of care to the supporters. The inquests also found that the design of the stadium contributed to the crush, and that supporters were not to blame for the dangerous conditions. Public anger over the actions of his force during the second inquests led the SYP chief constable David Crompton to be suspended following the verdict. In June 2017, six people were charged with various offences including manslaughter by gross negligence, misconduct in public office and perverting the course of justice for their actions during and after the disaster. The Crown Prosecution Service subsequently dropped all charges against one of the defendants.Jane Collins
Jane Maria Collins (born 17 February 1962) is a British politician who sits as Member of the European Parliament for the Yorkshire and the Humber region for the Brexit Party. She was elected in May 2014. She currently sits in the Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy group.Collins was elected as a member of the UK Independence Party in May 2014 and served as the party's spokesperson on Employment law, Home Affairs and most recently on Animal Welfare. On 15 April 2019 she announced that she was leaving the party to join the Brexit Party.Meredydd Hughes
Meredydd John Hughes CBE QPM is a retired British police officer. He served as Chief Constable of South Yorkshire Police from 1 September 2004 to 2011.
Hughes started his career at South Wales Constabulary in 1979, and was transferred to West Yorkshire Police in 1995 to a position of Superintendent. He was promoted in 1999 to the rank of Assistant Chief Constable of Greater Manchester Police. In 2002 he moved to South Yorkshire Police to take over the position of Deputy Chief Constable, before becoming the force's Chief Constable in 2004. He was awarded the Queen's Police Medal in the 2006 New Year Honours.
During his career Hughes held a number of operational responsibilities, including work as a firearms officer, IT Project manager, and Silver Commander of games held at Leeds United F.C. As a senior manager, he was responsible for Operational Support, Uniform Operations, Press & PR, Professional Standards and Information Systems during various stages of his career.As a member of ACPO, he was the Chair of Roads Policing Enforcement Technology Committee and Vice Chair of the National Operations Forum and Chair of the Drivers Project (placing new databases such as drivers and motor insurance records on PNC), until resigning the post in December 2007.As Assistant Chief Constable in Greater Manchester, Hughes commanded the planning and delivery of the 2002 Commonwealth Games policing operation. Whilst Chief Constable in South Yorkshire, the Force was rated by the HMIC as one of the four most improved forces in the country. He led the response to the South Yorkshire flooding of 2007, and dealt with a number of major events and incidents, retaining his status as a Gold Public Order and Firearms Commander.
Hughes was a member of the Association of Chief Police Officers, serving as ACPO's Head of Roads Policing and then as Head of the Uniformed Operations Business Area. His responsibilities included the oversight of all ACPO's firearms issues, public order, roads policing, specialist operations and emergency planning. He retired having worked on part of the police planning for the 2012 Olympic Games and also oversaw changes to the service following Stockwell and the 2009 G-20 London summit protests.In 2005 he led the ACPO team co-ordinating the England and Wales resources for the G8 Summit at Gleneagles, and played a role in the national response to the 7 July 2005 London bombings. In 2010 he coordinated the policing of the Papal visit.He retired from the police service in October 2011, and is a Company Director and Consultant. The Institute of Directors (IoD) named him as "Chartered Director of the Year 2011" in September 2011Hughes was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2012 New Year Honours.Nervous shock
In English law, a nervous shock is a psychiatric / mental illness or injury inflicted upon a person by intentional or negligent actions or omissions of another. Often it is a psychiatric disorder triggered by witnessing an accident, for example an injury caused to one's parents or spouse. Although the term "nervous shock" has been described as "inaccurate" and "misleading", it continues to be applied as a useful abbreviation for a complex concept. The possibility of recovering damages for nervous shock, particularly caused by negligence, is strongly limited in English law.Norman Bettison
Sir Norman George Bettison, QPM (born 3 January 1956) is a British former police officer and the former Chief Constable of West Yorkshire Police. He resigned in October 2012 amidst controversy about his role in the Hillsborough disaster, in which he was involved in the implementation of a cover-up of police errors. He remained the subject of an Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) investigation, and was charged on the 28 June 2017 with four counts of misconduct in public office. The case was dropped on 21 August 2018. Bettison's own book Hillsborough Untold (2016) contains his version of events.Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Council
Rotherham Metropolitan Borough Council is the local authority of the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham in South Yorkshire, England. It is a metropolitan district council, one of four in South Yorkshire and one of 36 in the metropolitan counties of England. The council was created by the Local Government Act 1972.
In February 2015 the elected council had its powers suspended and transferred to commissioners appointed by HM Government after it was severely criticised by the Casey report into the Rotherham child sexual exploitation scandal. Power is being returned to the council in phases, with the council expected to fully regain its powers by March 2019.Rotherham child sexual exploitation scandal
The Rotherham child sexual exploitation scandal consisted of the organised child sexual abuse that occurred in the northern English town of Rotherham, South Yorkshire, from the late 1980s until the 2010s and the failure of local authorities to act on reports of the abuse throughout most of that period. Researcher Angie Heal, who was hired by local officials and warned them about child exploitation occurring between 2002 and 2007, has since described it as the "biggest child protection scandal in UK history". Evidence of the abuse was first noted in the early 1990s, when care home managers investigated reports that children in their care were being picked up by taxi drivers. From at least 2001, multiple reports passed names of alleged perpetrators, several from one family, to the police and Rotherham Council. The first group conviction took place in 2010, when five British-Pakistani men were convicted of sexual offences against girls aged 12–16. From January 2011 Andrew Norfolk of The Times pressed the issue, reporting in 2012 that the abuse in the town was widespread, and that the police and council had known about it for over ten years.The Times articles, along with the 2012 trial of the Rochdale child sex abuse ring, prompted the House of Commons Home Affairs Committee to conduct hearings. Following this and further articles from Norfolk, Rotherham Council commissioned an independent inquiry led by Professor Alexis Jay. In August 2014 the Jay report concluded that an estimated 1,400 children, most of them white girls, had been sexually abused in Rotherham between 1997 and 2013 by predominantly British-Pakistani men (Kurdish and Kosovan men were also involved). British Asian girls in Rotherham also suffered abuse, but a fear of shame and dishonour made them reluctant to report the abuse to authorities. A "common thread" was that taxi drivers had been picking the children up for sex from care homes and schools. The abuse included gang rape, forcing children to watch rape, dousing them with petrol and threatening to set them on fire, threatening to rape their mothers and younger sisters, and trafficking them to other towns. There were pregnancies—one at age 12—terminations, miscarriages, babies raised by their mothers, and babies removed, causing further trauma.The failure to address the abuse was attributed to a combination of factors revolving around race, class and gender—contemptuous and sexist attitudes toward the mostly working-class victims; fear that the perpetrators' ethnicity would trigger allegations of racism and damage community relations; the Labour council's reluctance to challenge a Labour-voting ethnic minority; lack of a child-centred focus; a desire to protect the town's reputation; and lack of training and resources.Rotherham Council's chief executive, its director of children's services, and the Police and Crime Commissioner for South Yorkshire Police all resigned. The Independent Police Complaints Commission and the National Crime Agency both opened inquiries, the latter expected to last eight years. The government appointed Louise Casey to conduct an inspection of Rotherham Council. Published in January 2015, the Casey report concluded that the council had a bullying, sexist culture of covering up information and silencing whistleblowers, and was "not fit for purpose". In February 2015 the government replaced the council's elected officers with a team of five commissioners. As a result of new police inquiries, 19 men and two women were convicted in 2016 and 2017 of sexual offences in the town dating back to the late 1980s; one of the ringleaders was jailed for 35 years.South Yorkshire
South Yorkshire is a metropolitan county in England. It is the southernmost county in the Yorkshire and the Humber region and had a population of 1.34 million in 2011. It has an area of 1,552 square kilometres (599 sq mi) and consists of four metropolitan boroughs, Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham and Sheffield. South Yorkshire was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972. Its largest settlement is Sheffield.
Lying on the east side of the Pennines, South Yorkshire is landlocked, and borders Derbyshire to the west and south-west, West Yorkshire to the north-west, North Yorkshire to the north, the East Riding of Yorkshire to the north-east, Lincolnshire to the east and Nottinghamshire to the south-east. The Sheffield Urban Area is the tenth most populous conurbation in the United Kingdom, and dominates the western half of South Yorkshire with over half of the county's population living within it. South Yorkshire lies within the Sheffield City Region with Barnsley also being within the Leeds City Region, reflecting its geographical position midway between Yorkshire's two largest cities.
South Yorkshire County Council was abolished in 1986 and its metropolitan boroughs are now effectively unitary authorities, although the metropolitan county continues to exist in law. As a ceremonial county, South Yorkshire has a Lord Lieutenant and a High Sheriff.
South Yorkshire was created from 32 local government districts of the West Riding of Yorkshire (the administrative county and four independent county boroughs), with small areas from Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire.
In the 2016 referendum on the United Kingdom's membership of the European Union, South Yorkshire voted 62% leave and 38% remain, making it one of the most heavily Leave areas in the country.South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner
The South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner is the police and crime commissioner of the South Yorkshire Police in South Yorkshire. The post was created on 21 November 2012, following an election held on 15 November 2012, and replaced the South Yorkshire Police Authority. The current South Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner is Alan Billings of the Labour Party, who was elected in 2014 and again in 2016. The role was created in 2012 and the initial office holder was Shaun Wright, who resigned on 16 September 2014. The police and crime commissioner is required to produce a strategic South Yorkshire Police and Crime Plan, setting out the priorities for the South Yorkshire Police, and their work is scrutinised by the South Yorkshire Police and Crime Panel.West Yorkshire Constabulary
The West Yorkshire Constabulary (WYC) was, from 1968 to 1974, the statutory police force for the West Riding of Yorkshire, in northern England.
It was formed under the Police Act 1964, and was a merger of the previous West Riding Constabulary along with six borough forces for the county boroughs of Barnsley, Dewsbury, Doncaster, Halifax, Huddersfield, Wakefield. The other four West Riding county boroughs, Bradford, Leeds and Sheffield and Rotherham retained independent police forces (a merged force for Sheffield/Rotherham).
The West Riding Constabulary had been originally set up in 1856, as required by the County and Borough Police Act 1856. The first Chief Constable was Lt Col C. A. Cobbe. The force's strength was 354 by the end of the year, and its headquarters were at Wakefield. 
In 1974 the force was split, under the Local Government Act 1972. The bulk of the force went to form the new West Yorkshire Police (with Bradford and Leeds) and South Yorkshire Police (with Sheffield and Rotherham Constabulary the former Barnsley and Doncaster County Borough forces and the interlinked county areas), with other parts coming under the North Yorkshire Police, Cumbria Constabulary, Humberside Police, and Lancashire Police forces. The sub-division of Saddleworth, part of the Huddersfield division of the West Yorkshire Constabulary, was taken into the new Greater Manchester Police.White v Chief Constable of the South Yorkshire Police
White v Chief Constable of the South Yorkshire Police was a 1998 case in English tort law in which police officers who were present in the aftermath of the Hillsborough disaster sued for post traumatic stress disorder. The claim was rejected by the House of Lords on the basis that none of the claimants could be considered "primary victims" "since none of them were at any time exposed to personal danger nor reasonably believed themselves to be so".The decision could have been disposed of in the manner of Chadwick v British Railways Board, where the rescuer may not have been in physical danger but was awarded damages due to his putting himself in the 'zone of danger', after the event. This was not followed and the "rescuers" category was thus limited in terms of people acting in the course of their job.
|Territorial police forces|
|Regional motorway policing|
|Regional counter terrorism|
|Regional organised crime|