South Yemen insurgency

The South Yemen insurgency is a term used by the Yemeni government to describe the protests and attacks on government forces in southern Yemen, ongoing since 27 April 2009, on South Yemen's independence day. Although the violence has been blamed on elements within the southern secessionist movement, leaders of the group maintain that their aims of independence are to be achieved through peaceful means, and claim that attacks are from ordinary citizens in response to the government's provocative actions. The insurgency comes amid the Shia insurgency in the country's north as led by the Houthi communities. Southern leaders led a brief, unsuccessful secession in 1994 following unification. Many of them are involved in the present secession movement. Southern separatist insurgents are active mainly in the area of former South Yemen, but also in Ad Dali' Governorate, which was not a part of the independent southern state.[10] They are supported by the United Arab Emirates, even though the UAE is a member of the Saudi Arabian-led coalition working to support the Yemeni government under President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi.[11]


In 1990, North Yemen and South Yemen united into one country, but in 1994, South Yemeni army units staged an armed revolt against what they considered corrupt crony state rule by North Yemeni dictator Ali Abdullah Saleh. The revolt however failed as Saleh enlisted Salafi and Jihadist forces to fight against Southern forces of the Yemeni Socialist Party. However, after 15 years, in 2009, prominent Southern Islamist leader Tariq al-Fadhli, who had fought for the Mujahideen in the Soviet–Afghan War, broke his alliance with President Saleh to join the secessionist Southern Movement. This gave new power to movement, in which al-Fadhli became a prominent figure. That same month, on 28 April, a revolt in the South started, with massive demonstrations in most major towns.[12]


The political movement behind the so-called 'insurgency' is a group called the Southern Movement. Led by exiled South Yemeni leaders and opposition figures, this group calls for peaceful protests. However, their protests have recently often turned into riots, some with armed fighters. The insurgency has occasionally been linked by the Yemeni government to Islamist groups, including ex-military commanders and South-Yemeni tribes. South Yemen is home to several jihadist movements, some of which are believed to be affiliated with al-Qaeda, most notably a group called the Aden-Abyan Islamic Army. Naser al-Wahishi the leader of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula expressed support for the South Yemeni separatist movement.[13] However leaders of the Southern Movement were quick to deny any links with al-Qaeda.[14] Many believe that Saleh's government is using al-Qaeda as a means to win international support against insurgencies in the North and South.[15] As a response to such accusations, Tariq al-Fadhli - one of the leaders of the southern movement - posted a video of himself on YouTube raising the American flag with the national anthem over his compound in an attempt to openly distance himself from Al-Qaeda.[16]

There are many leaders within the movement, including Fadi Hassan Ahmed Baoum who is head of the Southern Movement's Supreme Council. He was arrested and later released by Yemeni authorities. Meanwhile, Tahir Tamah has been said to be behind the group's militant faction.[9]


2009–2011 insurgency

  • 2009
    • April 2009
      • 28 April 2009, 14 people are injured and 1 soldier is killed as separatist militants attack a checkpoint in Mukalla, this was the 7th soldier to be killed in South Yemen secessionist violence.[17]
    • May 2009
      • 3 May 2009, one man is killed and 4 are injured in a bomb blast carried out by separatist militia.[18]
      • 4 May 2009, armed South-Yemeni protesters ambushed a military base in the South, killing 1 soldier.[19]
    • June 2009
      • 8 June 2009, 2 people were killed and 4 were wounded during protests in the South, bringing total casualties to 11 soldiers and 11 others killed.[20][21]
    • July 2009
      • 25 July 2009, 1 person was killed and 4 injured as protesters clash with police in Dhaleh.[22]
      • 28 July 2009, 4 Yemeni soldiers are killed as armed men attack a government checkpoint in the south. It was said supporters of Tareq al-Fadhli, an Islamist leader who called for protests in response for the death of 16 people at a separatist rally, were responsible[22]
    • October 2009
      • 25 October 2009, gunmen ambushed a vehicle carrying the body of a soldier killed in Sa'dah, the ambush kills 2 soldiers and injures 3.[23]
    • November 2009
      • 1 November 2009, armed rebels attack the headquarters of security corps in Abyan Governorate, killing 1 soldier and kidnapping Deputy Governor of Abyan, Adel Hamoud al-Sabri.[24]
      • 25 November 2009, clashes between Yemeni security forces and demonstrators left five people, including 2 soldiers dead and 10 people injured.[25]
  • 2010
    • January 2010
      • 10 January 2010, South Yemenis launched a general strike and staged large protests against what they called oppression by Ali Abdullah Saleh's regime.[26]
      • 24 January 2010, in the southern province of Shabwa, in Yemen, three members of Yemen's security forces were killed after an attack on a checkpoint.[27]
      • 25 January 2010, during riots, one policeman was killed while 11 policemen and 3 school children were injured.[28]
      • 27 January 2010, separatists shoot dead a policeman in Al-Ghaydah.[29]
    • February 2010
      • 1 February – 24 February 2010, government crackdown arrests 130 separatists in South Yemen.[30]
      • 2 February 2010, unknown gunman killed Yemeni opposition figure and Yemeni Socialist Party member Saeed Ahmed Abdullah bin Daoud in Ayban.[31]
      • 13 February 2010, Riots in al-Hawta city, Lahij province left one dead and 7 injured. According to Hawta security director Ali Ammar: "Separatist elements blocked the roads, opened fire randomly and hurled a grenade at a security patrol, killing a citizen and injuring others." [32]
      • 17 February 2010, Tareq al-Fadhli announced that starting on 20 February, the next phase of the South Yemeni uprising would begin with mass protests and civil disobedience campaign.[33] The man who died was a protester and another 5 protesters were arrested. However, in a separate clashes armed separatists killed a soldier and wounded three in Shabwa province.[34]
      • 20 February 2010, separatists kill the director of a criminal investigations unit and one of his guards in an ambush on a government convoy, another three people were injured. In a separate incident clashes erupted between security forces and gunmen in al-Dalea.[35]
      • 22 February 2010, Faris al-Dhama, a South Yemeni activist is arrested and killed by the Yemeni government.[36]
      • 23 February 2010, a soldier is killed by armed separatists in Dhale Province [37]
      • 26 February 2010, a soldier is killed in an ambush in the Abyan province.[38]
      • 27 February 2010, Yemen declares state of emergency in southern Yemen. This decision follows a rise in attacks against soldiers.[39]
    • March 2010
      • 1 March 2010, Southern Yemeni activist, accused of links with Al-Qaeda, his wife, son and daughter and two policemen were killed in an armed attack against his home. An other policemen was wounded.[40] In a second time over 19 people were killed in a bombing in the city of Ta'izz.[41]
      • 11 March 2010, two militants were killed and 10 others wounded in clashes with police. 6 policemen were also wounded.[42]
    • April 2010
      • 1 April 2010, an argument between inmates from the separatist Movement for the Independence of Southern Yemen and guards resulted in a bomb being thrown and up to forty inmates escaping in Daleh. Four were reported injured.[43]
      • 15 April 2010, two militants were wounded during a riot after a demonstration in the city of Daleh.[44]
    • June 2010
      • 4 June 2010, a Yemeni colonel and two of his bodyguards were killed in an attack.[45]
      • 20 June 2010, two officers were killed in an ambush in the province of Dali.[46]
      • 23 June 2010, three soldiers were killed in fighting in Dhaleh province.[47]
      • 24 June 2010, three soldiers and a civilian were killed, and eight others wounded in clashes in Dhaleh province.[48]
      • 25 June 2010, one Southern Movement separatist was killed by security forces in Aden after a firefight erupted during anti-government protests.[49]
    • July 2010
      • 7 July 2010, two demonstrators died and four were injured when police attempted to break up anti-government protest in Aden.[50]
      • 27 July 2010, separatists ambushed a security patrol in Lahij, killing four soldiers and wounding nine others.[48]
    • September 2010
      • 5 September 2010, Two people were killed and seven others were injured Sunday in clashes between security forces and militants in Lahij governorate in southern Yemen.[51]
    • December 2010
      • 17 December 2010, clashes killed four Yemeni soldiers and an army officer after soldiers shot dead a Southern Movement member, Abbas Tanbaj, in Habilain in Lahij governorate. Eight additional people are reported wounded, including five soldiers, two militants, and a civilian.[48]
  • 2011
    • January 2011
      • 8 January 2011, Southern Movement militants attacked a checkpoint in al Malah district in Lahij governorate. At last two soldiers were killed and another was injured in the attack.[52]
      • 10 January 2011, clashes in Lahij governorate killed at last two soldiers.[53]
      • 12 January 2011, fighting between southern separatists and soldiers in Lahij governorate killed four Yemeni soldiers and wounded ten others.[54]
      • 13 January 2011, southern Movement supporters demonstrated in Mukallah in Hadramawt governorate demanding that detained militants be released. One militant was killed and two others were wounded.[55]
      • 16 January 2011, one woman was killed and seven civilians were wounded in Habilain in Lahij governorate during fighting. The army reported that four of its soldiers were wounded during the clashes.[48]

2011 Yemeni revolution

  • 24 February 2011, at least one civilian was killed during a Southern Movement protest in the city of Lawder in Abyan governorate.[56]
  • 28 March 2011, in Shabwa the Southern Movement attacked and looted Central Security camps, taking control of Nessab, Al-Saaed, Haban and Maevaa districts of the city.[57]
  • 4 April 2011, southern separatists stormed military checkpoints in the southern governorate of Lahij. The clashes left one soldier dead and five soldiers wounded.[58]
  • 20 April 2011, gunmen attacked security forces at a protest in Khormaksar city in Aden governorate, killing one soldier and wounding at least four other people. Some witnesses report that the gunmen were connected to the Southern Movement.[48]
  • 10 June 2011, suspected Southern Movement militants attacked a military checkpoint outside al Habilain in Lahij governorate. At least five soldiers and three rebels were killed.[59]
  • 16 June 2011, gunmen linked with the Southern Movement shot and killed two Yemeni soldiers in Lahij governorate.[60]
  • 24 June 2011, at least three soldiers and a passerby were killed in an attack led by South Yemen militants in al Mansoura.[48]
  • 24 June 2011, a famous Southern separatist leader Jeyab al Saadi was killed when security forces opened fire on the funeral procession in Aden.[61]
Yemen division 2012-3-11
Situation in March 2012, showing the area where there was presence of South Yemen resistance
  • 1 July 2011, an armed militant from the Southern Movement was killed in an attack on an army position in Aden. Six others, including three soldiers, were injured in the clash.[62]
  • 9 July 2011, Southern Movement was blamed for an ambush against a security patrol killing a Yemeni army officer and two troops. Two civilians were also wounded in the attack.[63]
  • 23 August 2011, armed tribesmen backed by the Southern Movement captured a prison in Lahj. Government forces were unable to counter the heavy fire and surrendered. Over 20 prisoners were freed.[64]

Post-Revolution (2012)

The southern movement, like the Houthis rejected a GCC brokered deal between the GPC and Al-Islah and boycotted the February 21, 2012 presidential election leaving Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi as only candidate.[65]


  • 17 January 2014, Clashes between Yemeni troops and secessionist militants killed four people Friday in southern Yemen, two of them soldiers, sources on both sides said. The fighting broke out when the militants ambushed a military vehicle, killing the soldiers and wounding four others, a military source told AFP.[66]
  • 30 January 2014, two soldiers were among four people killed when the army clashed with separatists in Daleh in south Yemen. Southern Movement activists ambushed an army vehicle at dawn with automatic fire, killing two soldiers. Also were killed two attackers and seven more wounded in a subsequent firefight.
An activist with Southern Movement confirmed the clash, saying the attackers belonged to the militant Southern Resistance group.[4]
  • 5 February 2014, unidentified gunmen shot dead four Yemeni soldiers an attack on a military vehicle in the southern Shabwah Governorate. They opened fire as the vehicle headed to an army checkpoint near the port of Balhaf gas-export terminal.[67]
  • 7 February 2014, four soldiers killed and many wounded when Yemeni tribesmen ambushed a military convoy accompanying technicians repairmen which were sent to repair an oil pipeline that was blown up by tribal militias in the restive southeastern Hadhramaut Governorate.[68]
  • 18 February 2014, Yemen's Ministry of Defense said that nine people were killed in clashes between armed men and Yemeni soldiers in the southern city of Dalea. Including four soldiers and one officer were killed in the clashes. Also fourteen other soldiers were kidnapped.[69]
  • 9 March 2014, At least two Yemeni soldiers and four militants were killed in a clash on Saturday when fighters tried to attack a military compound in southern Yemen.[70]
  • 7 August 2014, military and local officials said that eleven militants and four Yemeni soldiers were killed in attacks on two army posts in the southeastern Hadramawt province.[71]


In the end of April 2017, Governor of the Aden Governorate Aidarus al-Zoubaidi was sacked by President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, with the reason of disloyalty to him, and loyalty to the Southern Movement. In 3 May 2017, major rallies were held in Aden to protest the decision of Hadi. One week later, Southern Transitional Council was formed, and some of the members were the governors of Dhale, Shabwah, Hadhramaut, Lahij, Socotra, and Al Mahrah governorates. It also have partial control in Abyan and Aden governorates. One day later, Hadi rejected the council, and called it illegitimate.[72][73][74][75]



See also


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External links

1935 Yazidi revolt

The 1935 Yazidi revolt took place in Iraq in October 1935. The Iraqi government, under Yasin al-Hashimi, crushed a revolt by the Yazidi people of Jabal Sinjar against the imposition of conscription. The Iraqi army, led by Bakr Sidqi, reportedly killed over 200 Yazidi and imposed martial law throughout the region. Parallel revolts opposing conscription also broke out that year in the northern (Kurdish populated) and mid-Euphrates (majorly Shia populated) regions of Iraq.

The Yazidis of Jabal Sinjar constituted the majority of Iraqi Yazidi population - the third largest non-Muslim minority within the kingdom, and the largest ethno-religious group in the province of Mosul. In 1939, the region of Jabal Sinjar was once again put under military control, together with the Shekhan District.

2006 Yemen prison escape

Twenty-three suspected Al-Qaeda members escaped from a Yemen prison in 2006. The escape is notable because the escapees included several individuals imprisoned for their participation in the USS Cole bombing. Gaber Al-Bana’a was believed to be an American citizen, who traveled to an Afghan training camp with some friends who became known as the Lackawanna Six or Buffalo Six, when they were rounded up as a "sleeper cell".

The prisoners escaped through a 140-metre tunnel.

2007 attack on tourists in Yemen

The 2007 Yemen tourist attack was a suicide car bomb attack on Spanish tourists visiting the Queen of Sheba temple in Mareb, Ma'rib Governorate on July 2, 2007.

2008 attack on tourists in Yemen

The 2008 Yemen tourist attack was an ambush attack on Belgian tourists traveling in a convoy through Hadhramaut in the Wadi Dawan desert valley on January 18, 2008.

2014 Rada' bombings

The 2014 Rada' bombings occurred on December 16, 2014 after two car bombs exploded in Rada' District, Al Bayda' Governorate, Yemen killing as many as 31 people, including 20 children.

Alwaziri coup

The Alwaziri coup, also referred as the Yahia clan coup was a violent dynasty overthrow attempt in the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen in 1948, which created a great deal of violence and ended with around 5,000 fatalities. During the coup attempt, Imam Yahya Muhammad Hamid ed-Din, the ruler of the kingdom, was killed and the rival Sayyid family, the Alwazirs, seized power for several weeks. Backed by the al-Saud family of Saudi Arabia, the Hamidaddins restored their rule. After deposition of the Alwaziris, the restored monarchy of Imam Yahya was succeeded by his son Ahmad bin Yahya.

Battle of Aden (2018)

The Battle of Aden was a conflict between the Southern Transitional Council (STC) and the Yemeni government around the headquarters in Aden.

Insurgency in Yemen

The terms Insurgency in Yemen or Yemeni insurgency may refer to any of the following conflicts:

al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen (1998–2015)

Houthi insurgency in Yemen (2004–2015)

South Yemen insurgency (2009–2014)

Internal conflict in Yemen

Internal conflict in Yemen may refer to:

Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen

Shia insurgency in Yemen

South Yemen insurgency

List of wars involving Yemen

This is a list of wars that Yemen has been involved in.

NDF Rebellion

The NDF Rebellion was an uprising in the Yemen Arab Republic by the National Democratic Front, under Yahya Shami, between 1978 and 1982. The rebellion began in 1978, following the death of Ahmad al-Ghashmi and the rise to power of Ali Abdullah Saleh. The NDF was supported in its rebellion by the PDRY and Libya. The NDF enjoyed various successes throughout the war, although it was weakened by the peace treaty between North and South Yemen following the 1979 border war.There were several attempts at ceasefires between the government and the NDF. Kuwait managed to facilitate the signing of a ceasefire between the government and the NDF on 26 November 1981, although hostilities re-erupted in December 1981. Later, the Palestinian Liberation Organization was able to mediate a ceasefire agreement on 3 April 1982, however hostilities began again later the same April, with the NDF capturing Juban. Government forces in turn attacked NDF positions in Juban in May 1982.

PDRY support for the NDF diminished under the Presidency of the less overtly militant Ali Nasir Muhammad, and PDRY support for the NDF finally ended in May 1982. The NDF was eventually defeated by a rejuvenated YAR Army in conjunction with the pro-government Islamic Front, allowing the YAR government to finally establish control over the North-South border region.

Popular Resistance Committees (Yemen)

The Popular Resistance (Arabic: المقاومة الشعبية‎), also known as "popular resistance committees", are armed groups that have been established in several Yemeni provinces during the Yemeni Civil War, after the Houthi takeover in Yemen. They fight alongside the Yemeni army loyal to president Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi, and the Popular committees. They are currently fighting against the Houthi fighters, and forces loyal to former president, Ali Abdullah Saleh. In some provinces, they have united with the People's Committees to fight against AQAP.

Revolts during the Turkish War of Independence

A number of revolts against the Turkish Revolutionaries broke out during the Turkish War of Independence.

Kemal Atatürk, who was the leader of the nationalist government of Turkey during the war of independence was primarily concerned about subduing the internal revolts and establishing domestic security. To achieve this, the parliament passed the Law of Treachery to the Homeland and established Mobile Gendarmerie Troops. These revolts had the effect of delaying the nationalist movement's struggle against the occupying foreign forces on several fronts. These revolts, such as those by Ahmed Anzavur, were put down with some difficulty by nationalist forces.

Timeline of the Yemeni Crisis (2011–present)

Timeline of the Yemeni Crisis (2011–present) refers to events of the Shia insurgency in Yemen, the 2011 Yemeni Revolution, the Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen and the South Yemen insurgency.

Yemen War

Yemen War may refer to:

Yemeni Civil War (disambiguation)

Saudi–Yemeni War (1934)

North Yemen Civil War (1962–1970)

Yemenite War of 1979

South Yemen Civil War (1986)

Yemeni Civil War (1994)

Hanish Islands conflict (1995)

Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen (2001–present)

Houthi insurgency in Yemen (2004–2015)

South Yemen insurgency (2009–2015)

Yemeni Civil War (2015–present)

Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen (2015–present)

Saudi–Yemeni border conflict (2015–present)

Yemeni Civil War

Yemeni Civil War may refer to several historical events which have taken place in Yemen:

Alwaziri coup, February – March 1948

Yemeni–Adenese clan violence, 1956–60

North Yemen Civil War, 1962–70

Aden Emergency, 1963–67

North Yemen-South Yemen Border Conflict of 1972

Yemenite War of 1972

NDF Rebellion, 1978–82

Yemenite War of 1979

South Yemen Civil War, January 13–25, 1986

Yemeni Civil War (1994)

Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen, 1998–present

Houthi insurgency in Yemen, 2004–15

South Yemen insurgency, 2009–15

Yemeni Crisis (2011–present)

Yemeni Revolution, 2011–12

Yemeni Civil War (2015–present), ongoing

Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, ongoing

Lahij insurgency, March 27 – August 4, 2015

Aden unrest (2015–present), ongoing

Hadramaut Insurgency, April 26, 2016 – present

Yemeni Civil War (1994)

The May–July 1994 civil war in Yemen, also known as the First Yemeni Civil War, was a civil conflict waged between the two Yemeni forces of the pro-union northern and the socialist separatist southern Yemeni states and their supporters. The war resulted in the defeat of the southern armed forces, the reunification of Yemen, and the flight into exile of many Yemeni Socialist Party (YSP) leaders and other separatists.

Yemeni Crisis (2011–present)

The Yemeni Crisis began with the 2011–12 revolution against President Ali Abdullah Saleh, who had led Yemen for more than three decades. After Saleh left office in early 2012 as part of a mediated agreement between the Yemeni government and opposition groups, the government led by Saleh's former vice president, Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, struggled to unite the fractious political landscape of the country and fend off threats both from Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula and Houthi militants that had been waging a protracted insurgency in the north for years. In 2014, Houthi fighters swept into the capital of Sana'a and forced Hadi to negotiate a "unity government" with other political factions. The rebels continued to apply pressure on the weakened government until, after his presidential palace and private residence came under attack from the militant group, Hadi resigned along with his ministers in January 2015. The following month, the Houthis declared themselves in control of the government, dissolving Parliament and installing an interim Revolutionary Committee led by Mohammed Ali al-Houthi, a cousin of Houthi leader Abdul-Malik al-Houthi. However, Hadi escaped to Aden, where he declared that he remains Yemen's legitimate president, proclaimed the country's temporary capital, and called on loyal government officials and members of the military to rally to him. On 27 March 2015, BBC reported that Hadi had "fled rebel forces in the city of Aden" and subsequently "arrived in Saudi Arabia's capital Riyadh" as "Saudi authorities began air strikes in Yemen". Civil War subsequently erupted between Hadi's government and the Houthis. Since 2017 the separatist Southern Transitional Council (STC) has also fought against the government.

Yemeni–Adenese clan violence

Yemeni–Adenese clan violence refers to sectarian violence in Yemen and Aden during 1956-60, resulting in some 1,000 deaths.

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