South Indian Railway Company

South Indian Railway Company was a railway company which operated in South India from 1874 to 1951.

South Indian Railway Company
Reporting markSIR
LocaleMadras Presidency
Dates of operation1 July 1874–13 April 1951
(76 years, 9 months and 13 days)
PredecessorGreat Southern Railway of India
Carnatic Railway
SuccessorSouthern Railway zone
HeadquartersYork Street, Westminster, London, UKGBI (R. O.)
Trichinopoly, Madras Presidency, British Raj (Operations)


The Great Southern of India Railway Company was established with its headquarters in England in 1853. The Carnatic Railway Company was founded in 1869.[1] The two companies merged in 1874 to form the South Indian Railway Company.[2] The new firm was registered in London in 1890 with Trichinopoly as its headquarters. In 1891, the Pondicherry Railway Company (incorporated in 1845[1]) merged with the South Indian Railway Company. The company moved its headquarters to Madurai and later, Chennai Central. The company operated a suburban electric train service for Madras city from May 1931 onwards. The South Indian Railway Company was nationalized in 1944. On 1 April 1951, the South Indian Railway Company, the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway Company and the Mysore Railway Company were merged to form the Southern Railway zone of the Indian Railways.

Opening of the South Indian Railway between Tuticorin and Madura Madras Presidency Natives waiting to see the Prince an engraving, 1876

Opening of the South Indian Railway between Tuticorin and Madura by Madras Presidency. Natives waiting to see the Prince in 1876

Railway Station South India

An up-country railway station

Conversion to broad gauge

The railway lines were converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge in the 1990s.

See also


  1. ^ a b "Indian Tramway Limited". Herepath's Railway and Commercial Journal. 32 (1595): 3. 1 January 1870.
  2. ^ Report on the Administration of the Madras Presidency During the Year 1875-76. Government Press. 1877. p. 260.

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