South Central China

South central China (Chinese: 中南; pinyin: Zhōngnán; literally: 'Central-South') is a region of the People's Republic of China defined by governmental bureaus that includes the provinces of Guangdong, Hainan, Henan, Hubei, and Hunan, and the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, however the two provincial-level special administrative regions (SAR) are also often included under south central China: Hong Kong and Macau. This part is often divided into south China (华南) and central China (华中) regions due to difference between civilian customs.

South Central China
The South Central region of the People's Republic of China

Administrative divisions

GB[1] ISO №[2] Provincial-level division Chinese Name Capital Population Density Area Abbreviation/Symbol
HA 41 Henan Province 河南省
Hénán Shěng
Zhengzhou 94,023,567 563.01 167,000
HB 42 Hubei Province 湖北省
Húběi Shěng
Wuhan 57,237,740 307.89 185,900
È
HN 43 Hunan Province 湖南省
Húnán Shěng
Changsha 65,683,722 312.77 210,000
Xiāng
GD 44 Guangdong Province 广东省
Guǎngdōng Shěng
Guangzhou 104,303,132 579.46 180,000
Yuè
GX 45 Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 广西壮族自治区
Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū
Nanning 46,026,629 195.02 236,000
Guì
HI 46 Hainan Province 海南省
Hǎinán Shěng
Haikou 8,671,518 255.04 34,000
Qióng
HK 91 Hong Kong Special Administrative Region 香港特别行政区
Xiánggǎng Tèbié Xíngzhèngqū
Hong Kong 7,061,200 6,396.01 1,104
Gǎng
MC 92 Macau Special Administrative Region 澳门特别行政区
Àomén Tèbié Xíngzhèngqū
Macau 552,300 19,044.82 29
Ào

Cities with urban area over one million in population

# City Urban area[3] District area[3] City proper[3] Prov. Census date
1 Shenzhen 10,358,381 10,358,381 10,358,381 GD 2010-11-01
2 Guangzhou 9,702,144 11,071,424 12,701,948 GD 2010-11-01
3 Wuhan 7,541,527 9,785,388 9,785,388 HB 2010-11-01
4 Dongguan 7,271,322 8,220,207 8,220,207 GD 2010-11-01
5 Hong Kong[4] 7,071,576 7,071,576 7,071,576 HK 2011-06-30
6 Foshan 6,771,895 7,197,394 7,197,394 GD 2010-11-01
7 Zhengzhou 3,677,032 4,253,913 8,627,089 HA 2010-11-01
8 Shantou 3,644,017 5,329,024 5,389,328 GD 2010-11-01
9 Changsha 2,963,218 3,092,213 7,040,952 HN 2010-11-01
10 Zhongshan 2,740,994 3,121,275 3,121,275 GD 2010-11-01
11 Nanning 2,660,833 3,434,303 6,658,742 GX 2010-11-01
12 Huizhou 1,807,858 2,344,634 4,598,402 GD 2010-11-01
13 Luoyang 1,584,463 1,926,079 6,549,941 HA 2010-11-01
14 Haikou 1,517,410 2,046,170 2,046,170 HI 2010-11-01
15 Jiangmen 1,480,023 1,822,614 4,450,703 GD 2010-11-01
16 Xiangfan[note 1] 1,433,057 2,199,690 5,500,307 HB 2010-11-01
17 Liuzhou 1,410,712 1,436,599 3,758,704 GX 2010-11-01
18 Zhuhai 1,369,538 1,562,530 1,562,530 GD 2010-11-01
19 Hengyang 1,115,645 1,133,967 7,148,344 HN 2010-11-01
20 Yichang 1,049,363 1,411,380 4,059,686 HB 2010-11-01
21 Zhanjiang 1,038,762 1,611,868 6,994,832 GD 2010-11-01

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Xiangfan was renamed as Xiangyang on 2 December 2010.

References

  1. ^ GB/T 2260 codes for the provinces of China
  2. ^ ISO 3166-2:CN (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of China)
  3. ^ a b c 国务院人口普查办公室; 国家统计局人口和社会科技统计司, eds. (2012). 中国2010年人口普查分县资料 (in Chinese). Beijing: 中国统计出版社 [China Statistics Press]. ISBN 978-7-5037-6659-6.
  4. ^ 香港政府統計處 [Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong SAR Government], ed. (2012). 香港2011年人口普查 - 主要報告 (in Chinese). Hong Kong: Government Logistics Department.
Allium monanthum

Allium monanthum, the Korean wild chive, is a spring vegetable with minuscule bulbous roots that have a mild onion flavor and found in the woodlands of Korea, Japan, northeastern Russia (Primorye), and northeastern China (Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning).

Central China

Central China (simplified Chinese: 华中; traditional Chinese: 華中; pinyin: Huázhōng) is a geographical and a loosely defined cultural region that covers the central area of China. This region includes the provinces of Henan, Hubei and Hunan, as Jiangxi is sometimes also regarded to be part of this region. Central China is now officially part of South Central China governed by the People's Republic of China. In the context of the Rise of Central China Plan by the State Council of the People's Republic of China in 2004, surrounding provinces including Shanxi, Anhui, are also defined as regions of Central China development zones.

Dengfeng

Dengfeng (Chinese: 登封; pinyin: Dēngfēng; postal: Tengfeng) is a county-level city of Henan Province, South Central China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Zhengzhou. In ancient times, it was known as Yangcheng (simplified Chinese: 阳城; traditional Chinese: 陽城; pinyin: Yángchéng).Dengfeng has an area of 1,220 km2 (470 sq mi) and a population of 630,000. It occupies the southwestern corner of Zhengzhou and is its westernmost county-level division.

Dengfeng is located at the foot of the Mount Song, one of the most sacred mountains in China. The city is one of the most renowned spiritual centres of China, home to various religious institutions and famous temples, such as the Taoist Zhongyue Temple, the Buddhist Shaolin Temple - a place of martial arts, as well as the Confucian Songyang Academy, hence its poetic expression derived from Chinese literature as the spiritual "centre of heaven and earth".

Erqi District

Erqi District (Chinese: 二七区; pinyin: Èrqī Qū) is one of 6 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan Province, South Central China.

Fuyan Cave

Fuyan Cave (Chinese: 福岩洞) is a complex of limestone caves in Tangbei village, Lefutang town, Daoxian, Hunan province, south central China famous for the discovery of the oldest evidence for unambiguously fully modern humans outside Africa. 47 human teeth, dating to between 80,000 and 120,000 years ago, were discovered at Fuyan Cave. The teeth are also unusual for showing signs of cavities, a feature typically not found in teeth older than 50,000 years.

Guancheng Hui District

Guancheng Hui District (simplified Chinese: 管城回族区; traditional Chinese: 管城回族區; pinyin: Guǎnchéng Huízú Qū; Xiao'erjing: قُوًاچْع خُوِذُو ٿُو‎) is one of 6 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan Province, South Central China.

The District government is located in this district. The ruins of a Shang Dynasty city, Ao (隞; Aó) are located here in Shang City Park.

Huang Zhong

Huang Zhong (pronunciation , pinyin: Huáng Zhōng) (died 220), courtesy name Hansheng, was a military general serving under the warlord Liu Bei during the late Eastern Han dynasty of China. He is best known for his victory at the Battle of Mount Dingjun in 219, in which his force routed that of an enemy general, Xiahou Yuan, who was killed in action during the raid.Huang Zhong is portrayed in the 14th-century historical novel Romance of the Three Kingdoms and popular culture as an elderly general with youthful vigour and constitution, and as one of the Five Tiger Generals under Liu Bei.

Huiji District

Huiji District (Chinese: 惠济区; pinyin: Hùijì Qū), formerly Mangshan District (邙山区; Mángshān Qū), is one of 6 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan Province, South Central China.

Located south of the Yellow River and north of Zhongyuan and Jinshui, much of Huiji lies outside Zhengzhou's urban area and is overall still an agricultural area, though many upper-class villas and townhouse complex are located here due to its relatively pristine environment. It has an area of and a population of 232.8 km2 (89.9 sq mi) and a population of 269,561, making it Zhengzhou's least densely populated district.

There are many tourist attractions located just south of the Yellow River, including Mount Mang, Huayuankou, Fujing Ecological Garden, Dahe village, and the Yellow River Wetland Protected Area, as well as the proposed Zhengzhou Wildlife Park.

Jinshui District

Jinshui District (Chinese: 金水区; pinyin: Jīnshuǐ Qū) is one of 6 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan Province, South Central China. The District is 135.3 square km, in which the urban area is 70.65 square km. The total population is 1.4 million.The district is seat to the Henan provincial government as well as the most developed city district in Zhengzhou and the province.

Li Yan (Three Kingdoms)

Li Yan (died 234), courtesy name Zhengfang, also known as Li Ping, was a military general of the state of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period of China. He climbed to the zenith of his career when he was asked by the Shu emperor Liu Bei to be the military paramountcy and co-regent alongside Zhuge Liang for his son and successor, Liu Shan. After the death of Liu Bei, Li Yan was given the rank of General of the Vanguard which was last held by Guan Yu back in 220. Li served most of his career in the mid and late 220s as the area commander for the Eastern Front centered in Yong An with Chen Dao as his deputy; he never faced any major battles in his position. However, during the 230s and the 4th of Zhuge Liang's Northern Expeditions, Li Yan was given a higher rank of General of the Agile Cavalry, below only Zhuge Liang. He was assigned to handle logistics, but he was unable to deliver supplies to Zhuge Liang's army in a timely manner. After his attempt to fraudulently cover his inability to follow commands, Li Yan was stripped from positions and power.

Myrica rubra

Myrica rubra, also called yangmei (Chinese: 杨梅; pinyin: yángméi; Cantonese: yeung4 mui4; Shanghainese: [jɑ̃.mɛ]), yamamomo (Japanese: ヤマモモ, "mountain peach"), Chinese bayberry, Japanese bayberry, red bayberry, yumberry, waxberry, or Chinese strawberry (and often mistranslated from Chinese as arbutus) is a subtropical tree grown for its sweet, crimson to dark purple-red, fruit.

Nansha New Area

Nansha New Area (Chinese: t 南沙新區, s 南沙新区, p Nánshā Xīnqū) is the newly established state-level new area (special economic and political administration zone) under the direct control of Guangzhou Municipal Government on September 2012.On September 2012 Nansha New Area was approved by the State Council of China's Central Government as the sixth state-level new area (followed by Pudong of Shanghai, Binhai of Tianjin, Liangjiang of Chongqing, Zhoushan of Zhejiang, and Lanzhou New Area, Gansu), which is also the first state-level new development area in South Central China.

National Key Buddhist Temples in Han Chinese Area

National Key Buddhist Temples in Han Chinese Area are national key ("important") Buddhist temples in areas traditionally associated with the Han Chinese in the People's Republic of China (excluding Inner Mongolia, Tibet, and Xinjiang). The list was originally released on 9 April 1983 by the State Council, and included 142 Buddhist temples.

Qing River

The Qing River (Chinese: 清江; pinyin: Qīng Jiāng; literally: 'Pure River') is a right (southern) tributary of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) in Hubei province of south-central China.

Shangjie District

Shangjie (Chinese: 上街; pinyin: Shàngjiē; literally: 'upper street') is one of 6 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan Province, South Central China, located about 38 kilometres (24 mi) west of the city proper in between the Yellow River to the north and Mount Song to the south; it is not contiguous with the other five districts of Zhengzhou. Shangjie District was established as an industrial zone in 1958. It has an area of 64.7 square kilometres (25.0 sq mi) and a population of about 130,000.

Xinmi

Xinmi (Chinese: 新密; pinyin: Xīnmì), formerly Mi County (simplified Chinese: 密县; traditional Chinese: 密縣; pinyin: Mì Xiàn), is a county-level city of Henan Province, South Central China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Zhengzhou.

The archaeological Bronze Age site Xinzhai was found 1979 about 20 km (12 mi) southeast of Xinmi.

Xong language

The Xong language (Dut Xonb [tu˥˧ɕõ˧˥]), is the northern-most Hmongic language, spoken in south-central China by ca 0.9 million people. It's called Xiangxi Miaoyu (湘西苗语), Western Hunan Miao, in Chinese. In Western sources, it's been called Eastern Miao, Meo, Red Miao and North Hmongic. The official alphabet was adopted in 1956.

Zhongmu County

Zhongmu County (Chinese: 中牟; pinyin: Zhōngmù; postal: Chungmow) is a county of Henan Province, South Central China, it is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan. It has an area of 1,416.8 km2 (547.0 sq mi) and a population of 680,000. Located in the north-central part of the province, it is the easternmost county-level division of Zhengzhou.

The Battle of Guandu took place in 200 CE in the northeast of Zhongmu County.

Zhongyuan District

Zhongyuan District (simplified Chinese: 中原区; traditional Chinese: 中原區; pinyin: Zhōngyuán Qū; literally: 'central plain') is one of 6 urban districts of the prefecture-level city of Zhengzhou, the capital of Henan Province, South Central China. The city government is located in this district.

Zhongyuan is the second most populous district in Zhengzhou with a population of over 900,000. It is the city's industrial center especially in textiles, though many factories are closing and moving into more remote areas due to pollution. Zhengzhou University is located in the district as well as many of Henan's best middle schools. Zhongyuan is undergoing a construction boom though not as intense as the eastern area of the city.

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