Sopore known as Suyyapur in antiquity,[2] is a town in the Baramulla district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is 45 km (28 mi) north-west of Srinagar, and 16 km (10 mi) south-west from the city of Baramulla.

Sopore City has Asia's second largest fruit mandi (wholesale market) And Largest Fresh Water Lake Known As Walur Lake.[3] it is known as the "Apple Town".[4] Apart from fruit mandi, Sopore is near to one of Asia's largest freshwater lakes, Wular Lake.[5]



Apple Town
Chota London (Small London) Or Apple Town
Sopore is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Location in Indian Jammu and Kashmir
Sopore is located in India
Sopore (India)
Coordinates: 34°18′N 74°28′E / 34.30°N 74.47°ECoordinates: 34°18′N 74°28′E / 34.30°N 74.47°E
CountrySopore India
StateJammu and Kashmir
Founded byEngineer Suyya
Named forSuyya
 • TypeDemocratic (MLA)
 • BodyMC Sopore
Area rank5
 • Total118,608
 • Rank6
Languages = Kashmiri, Urdu
 • OfficialUrdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Pin Code
193201 (Sopore City And Zaingeer Block), 193301 (Watergam Rafiabad Block)
Telephone code01954
Vehicle registrationJK-05


Sopore was founded by Utpala engineer and irrigation minister Suyya during the reign of king Avantivarman in 880 CE. As such the name of the city is Suyya-pur, which has been shortened to Sopore. When the engineer Suyya was working in Sopore no people were coming forth to plunge themselves in gushing water. The king, Avantiverman, thereupon ordered that a part of treasury may be thrown into the water; consequently, a large number of people plunged into the river to get as many coins as they could.[6] It was engineer Suyya's idea to throw coins into flooded land not the king.

Pashtun tribesmen such as Mehsud and Afridi from mountainous region of North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) of the newly formed state of Pakistan invaded Sopore on 22 October 1947.[7] In 1989, Sopore became a focus of the separatist activities and violence with frequent protests and strikes. On 6 January 1993, Indian troops fired at local residents and set fire to homes and businesses in which over 55 civilians were killed. The incident is infamously remembered as Sopore massacre.[8]


As of 2011 census, Sopore had a population of 118,608 and area of 61 square kilometres (24 sq mi).[9]


Sopore is one of the largest subdivisions of the state with 7 tehsils. And it is also the oldest existing subdivision of the state.[10] Bashir Ahmad Bhat (KAS) who is an administrator, has served the sub-division between August 2015 to April 2017 as the Sub-Divisional Magistrate.[11]


The main public educational institutions in Sopore are Government Boys Higher Secondary School Sopore, Government Girls Higher Secondary School Sopore, Shah Rasool Memorial Welkin Higher Secondary School Sopore, Muslim Education Trust Sopore, Government Degree College Sopore, Government Degree College for Women Sopore, Industrial Training Institute Jalalabad [12] and Prime Public School Bomai. The Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology is located in Wadoora, Sopore. [13]


  1. ^ "Town and Village Wise Primary Census Abstract". 2011 Census of India. Government of India. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
  2. ^ Jyoteeshwar Pathik. Glimpses of History of Jammu & Kashmir. Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd. Retrieved 2 December 2010. Suyya who was a great engineer is said to have drained a large chunk of wasteland during his regime. His memory is commemorated by Suyyapur or Sopore, a township in Baramulla district Sopore is the main town for two belts which are Rafiabad connected via Marazigund and Zangair via seelu both belts are famous for Apples and are nearby from the town. The original name of Pulwama was Panwangam, which comprised four local namely, Malikpora, Dangerpora, Chatpora, Dullpora.
  3. ^ "Asia's 2nd largest fruit mandi at Sopore in shambles". Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  4. ^ "Apple town Sopore sees cold war between separatists, militant cadre". Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Wular Lake". Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  6. ^ Raina, Mohini Qasba (2013). Kashur The Kashmiri Speaking People: Analytical Perspective. Partridge Publishing Singapore. p. 9. ISBN 978-1482-899-47-4.
  7. ^ "The Story of Kashmir Affairs – A Peep into the Past". Archived from the original on 18 June 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  8. ^ McGirk, Tim (8 January 1993). "Outcry in Delhi over Kashmir massacre". The Independent. UK. Retrieved 10 April 2009.
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^ "Industrial Training Institute Jalalabad". Industrial Training Institute Jalalabad. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  13. ^ "Faculty of Agriculture". Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
Atiqa Bano

Atiqa Bano (1940 – 4 October 2017) was an Indian educationist and activist for the artistic and cultural heritage of Kashmir. She established and curated the Meeras Mahal, a private museum of history and art at Noor Bagh in Kashmir.


Bash-Kotur is a boywomen in sopore Region of kashmir. Its population was 2,353 in 2009.

Ghulam Rasool Kar

Ghulam Rasool Kar (19 June 1921 – 10 April 2015) was an Indian politician from Jammu and Kashmir. He became a member of the Jammu and Kashmir Constituent Assembly in 1951 and the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly in 1957. He served as a minister in the Government of Jammu and Kashmir in 1965-71 and 1972-75. He was nominated as a member of Rajya Sabha in 1984 and served till 1987. He was elected as Member of parliament in year 1996. He has served as state chief of Jammu and kashmir pradesh congress committee.

On 10 April 2015, Ghulam Rasool Kar died at SKIMS after a brief illness at the age of 94.

Government Degree College, Sopore

Government Degree College Sopore (Urdu, گورنمنٹ ڈگری کالج سوپور) is an educational institution located in the town of Sopore in the Baramulla District of Jammu and Kashmir, India and is one of the reputed institutes in Jammu and Kashmir. The College was established in 1951 to provide higher education to the students of the area. It is one of the oldest institutes in the valley of Kashmir and is National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) accredited.

Government Degree College for Women, Sopore

The Government Degree College for Women, Sopore (Urdu;گورنمنٹ ڈگری کالج خواتین سُوپور) commonly known as Women's College Sopore is a University of Kashmir affiliated autonomous women's degree college located at Sopore in Baramulla district in the Indian administrated state of Jammu and Kashmir. The college is affiliated with University of Kashmir and is recognised by University Grants Commission of India under articles 2(f) and 12(B) of UGC Act, 1956.


Hanjiwera is a notified area and village in Singhpora, Pattan, Baramulla district in Indian administered state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is located 37 km to the east from the District headquarters in Baramulla. 25 km from State capital Srinagar.

Hanjiwera is divided into two sublocalities: Hanjiwera Bala and Hanjiwera Payeen. Hanjiwera Bala consists mainly the population of Sunni Muslims and some Hindu houses whereas hanjiwera Payeen mainly possesses Shia Muslims. The village is located on either sides of NH-1A highway connecting Baramulla and Srinagar.

Baramula, Sopore, Bandipore, Srinagar are the nearby cities to Hanjwera.


Hathlangoo (English: The Hundred Branches) previously known as Hashmatpora is a village in the Sopore tehsil of Baramulla District in Jammu and Kashmir. It is located 8 km (5.0 mi) away from sub-district headquarter Sopore and 22 km (14 mi) away from district headquarter Baramulla. It is one of the largest villages in Zaingair. Nearby villages include Muqam, Malpora, Magraypora, Botingoo, Watlab, Janwara and Warpora.

Indian Army operations in Jammu and Kashmir

Indian Army operations in Jammu and Kashmir include security operations such as Operation Rakshak (Protector) and Operation Sarp Vinash. Other operations include humanitarian missions such as Operation Megh Rahat and operations with a social aim such as Operation Goodwill and Operation Calm Down.


Ladoora is a notified area and village in the Baramulla district, Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is located on the banks of River Jhelum. It is approximately seven kilometers from Sopore.

Ladoora Rafiabad is known for Fruit Business.

Many Noted Business and Political personalities belong to Ladoora Rafiabad.


Langate is a tehsil in Kupwara district of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Langate tehsil headquarters is Langate town . It is located 20 km towards south from district headquarters Kupwara. 66 km from State capital Srinagar, Jammu towards East.

Langate Tehsil is bounded by Watergam and Kralgund Tehsils towards South, Handwara Tehsil towards North. Sopore City, Baramula City, Bandipore City, Watergam City, Srinagar City are the nearby Cities to Langate.

Rafiabad, India

Rafiabad (رفیع آباد) is a Tehsil town in Baramulla of Jammu and Kashmir, India. The Tehsil Headquarters is Rafiabad town. It is located towards west of Baramulla about 25 km from District headquarters. And 76 km from state capital Srinagar towards East. Rafiabad is surrounded by Boniyar tehsil, Rohama Tehsil, Baramulla Tehsil, Sopore Tehsil. Baramulla, Sopore, Bandipore, Poonch are the nearby Cities to Rafiabad.Rohama is the best destination for tourists .As it is surrounded by the mountains,grasslands,lakes etc.


people of rafiabad are best known for the wide range of cultural aspects.The finest artists in the kashmir valley are from the rafiabad.

Saifuddin Soz

Saifuddin Soz (Kashmiri: सैफ़ुद्दीन सोज़, سیف الدین سوز) (born 23 November 1937) is an Indian professor and a long-time Member of the Parliament of India. Soz hails from the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.

He had been India's Minister of Water Resources in India's 14th Lok Sabha and Minister of Environment and Forests in the 1990s.

In January 2006, he was nominated to the Congress Working Committee, the executive committee of the Indian National Congress.


Sheikhgal or Watali is an unclassified Indo-Aryan language of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Its speakers, the formerly nomadic Watals, are found throughout Kashmir, particularly in the districts of Srinagar (Parimpora, Nowhatta, Dargah, Natipora, Hawal), Baramulla (Bandipora, Khawja Bagh, Sopore and Tangmarg), Pulwama (Lolaab and Lassipora) and Kupwara (Kanthpora, Kulgam, Haihama, Magam, Handwara, Tarathpora). Among its speakers the language is also known as Opedigal or Phiri kathi.Although attitudes towards the language are generally negative, the community is compact and Sheikhgal is the dominant language within the home. However, in other domains (market, workplace etc.) the language of wider communication Kashmiri is the preferred choice, even with other speakers of Sheikhgal. Within the family, there is a slight shift away from using Sheikhgal (85% of those interviewed by Mullick speak Sheikhgal with their spouses but only 69% do so with their children).

Sopore (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Sopore (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is one of the 87 constituencies in the Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir a north state of India. Sopore is also part of Baramulla Lok Sabha constituency.

Sopore massacre

The Sopore massacre refers to the killing of 55 Kashmiri civilians by the Indian Border Security Force (BSF) after they tried to break the restrictions imposed in the town of Sopore in Kashmir on 6 January 1993.

Sopore railway station

Sopore railway station, also known as Amargrah railway station, lies on Northern Railway Network Zone of Indian Railways.

Syed Ali Shah Geelani

Syed Ali Shah Geelani (born 29 September 1929) is a Kashmiri separatist Hurriyat leader. He was previously a member of Jamaat-e-Islami Kashmir but later on founded his own party by the name of Tehreek-e-Hurriyat. He has served as the chairman of All Parties Hurriyat Conference, a conglomerate of separatist parties in Jammu and Kashmir. He was an MLA from the Sopore constituency of Jammu and Kashmir three times (1972,1977 and 1987).


Watergam Rafiabad, is a town located in the Sopore Baramulla district of the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is 58 km (36 mi) north-west of Srinagar, and 15 km (9 mi) from the city of Baramulla. It is located on the banks of Nallah Hamal running parallel to the Baramulla-Rafiabad-Kupwara National Highway NH-701.

Watergam Rafiabad is the first and only town in Rafiabad Sopore constituency.


Zaingair is a group of villages in the sopore tehsil of Baramulla district, Jammu and Kashmir. It is the largest area in the sopore tehsil. It comprises about 38 villages in three sub tehsils of Sopore. It is a rich area in land, scenery, mountains etc. The people of the zaingair are mostly in the fruit business.

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