Sonora entrance sign
"Home of the Caverns of Sonora"
Location in the state of Texas
|• Mayor||Wanda Shurley|
|• Total||2 sq mi (5.1 km2)|
|• Land||2.0 sq mi (5.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||2,129 ft (649 m)|
|• Density||1,512.0/sq mi (592.9/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|Area code(s)||Area code 325|
|GNIS feature ID||1368606|
Sonora is located at (30.568166, -100.644163).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.1 km²), all of it land.
The area lies in the western portions of the Texas Hill Country, a region of limestone outcrops and rolling terrain dotted with areas of live oaks (Quercus fusiformis) and juniper (Juniperus ashei) in the form of a woodland or savanna, alternating with a blend of various grasses and other shrubs and cacti.
Sonora's climate is subhumid and subtropical, though periods of long drought are not uncommon due to the proximity of deserts and steppes nearby, to the west. The upland location allows some of the periodic Gulf of Mexico moisture to interact with frontal systems and elevated terrain to create more clouds and precipitation than locations in the brush country to the south, or the steppes and deserts to the west and northwest. Thunderstorms with heavy rainfall are most frequent during spring and fall months, though some lighter, steady precipitation and low clouds can occur during the winter, due in large part to frontal systems originating on the plains and prairies to the north.
Summers are long and hot, often with higher humidity, though a good breeze often moderates the heat. Fall through spring months are often pleasant, though winter can experience brief periods of cold or cloudy weather.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, 2,924 people, 1,043 households, and 808 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,488.8 people per square mile (576.0/km²). There were 1,264 housing units at an average density of 643.6 per square mile (249.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.18% White, 0.34% African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 23.36% from other races, and 1.54% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 53.35% of the population.
Of the 1,043 households, 42.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.5% were not families. About 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.23.
In the city, the population was distributed as 31.1% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $36,272, and for a family was $38,106. Males had a median income of $31,728 versus $17,935 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,128. About 13.0% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.9% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.
The city government of Sonora uses the aldermanic form of government. It is led by an elected mayor and four other council members.
As of February 24, 2016 the mayor of Sonora was Wanda Shurley and the four council members were Doug Chandler, Todd Munn, Jeremy Dawson, and Terri Johnson. The Sonora police department is headed by Chief Matthew Routh.
The City of Sonora is served by the Sonora Independent School District. Sonora exhibits a proud tradition of both academic and athletic success in its long history. The Sonora High School Broncos have won the most football state championships in their division (2A) with five, the most recent having been won in 2000 against the Blanco Panthers.
The latest championship team was coached by Jason Herring. 2000 was the first of two State Championships for him, his second coming in 2011 (beating the Broncos on the way there) with the Refugio Bobcats.
On the night of April 2, 1901, William Carver, a member of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch, was shot and killed in Jack Owen's Bakery by Sheriff E.S. Briant and his deputies. Briant was trying to arrest Carver on suspicion of the murder of Oliver Thornton in Concho County.
Bobby Dan Davis Blocker (December 10, 1928 – May 13, 1972) was an American television actor and Korean War veteran. He is best remembered for his role as Hoss Cartwright in the NBC Western television series Bonanza.Dogtooth spar
Dogtooth spar is a speleothem found in limestone caves that consists of very large calcite crystals resembling dogs' teeth (hence the name). They form through mineral precipitation of water-borne calcite. Dogtooth spar crystals are not limited to caves, but can grow in any open space including veins, fractures, and geodes.
These sharp tooth-shaped crystals are generally of the magnitude of centimeters long, but anomalous samples decimeters long exist, notably in Sitting Bull Crystal Caverns. A layer of crystalline calcite can be found underneath the surface of crystal points.
The sharply tooth-shaped crystals typically consist of acute scalenohedrons, twelve triangular crystal faces that ideally form scalene triangles. However, modification of these faces is common, and individual crystal faces may have many more than three edges. Calcite crystallizes in the rhombohedral system, and the most common scalenohedron form has the Miller index .
Spar is a general term for transparent to translucent, generally light-colored and vitreous crystalline minerals.Helictite
A helictite is a speleothem (cave-formed mineral) found in a limestone cave that changes its axis from the vertical at one or more stages during its growth. Helictites have a curving or angular form that looks as if they were grown in zero gravity. They are most likely the result of capillary forces acting on tiny water droplets, a force often strong enough at this scale to defy gravity.
Helictites are, perhaps, the most delicate of cave formations. They are usually made of needle-form calcite and aragonite. Helictite forms have been described in several types: ribbon helictites, saws, rods, butterflies, "hands", curly-fries, and "clumps of worms". They typically have radial symmetry. They can be easily crushed or broken by the slightest touch. Because of this, helictites are rarely seen within arm's reach in tourist caves.
Timpanogos Cave National Monument in Utah has one of the largest collections of these formations in the world. Large numbers are also in the Jenolan Caves in Australia and in the Pozalagua Cave in Karrantza, Spain. A remarkable suite of helictites also occurs in Asperge Cave, France.Interstate 14
Interstate 14 (I-14), also known as the "14th Amendment Highway", the Gulf Coast Strategic Highway and the Central Texas Corridor, is an Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of Texas that follows U.S. Highway 190 (US 190). The highway was named for the 14th Amendment. In 2005, I-14 was planned to have a western terminus at Natchez, Mississippi (later from I-49 near Alexandria, Louisiana), extending east through Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama, before ending at Augusta, Georgia or North Augusta, South Carolina. Advocates of the Gulf-Coast Strategic Highway proposed extending I-14 to I-10 near Fort Stockton and the junction of US 277 and I-10 near Sonora, Texas.
The proposal for 14th Amendment Highway has its origins in the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU). The study and planning of I-14 has continued because of support and interest from both the Congress and the associated state highway departments. The I-14 corridor provides a national strategic link to numerous major military bases and major Gulf Coast and Atlantic ports used for overseas deployments in six states from Texas to South Carolina.
The Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act (FAST) Act, signed by President Obama on December 14, 2015, officially assigned the Future I-14 designation to the US 190 Central Texas Corridor.Junction Boys
The Junction Boys were the “survivors” of Texas A&M Aggies football coach Paul “Bear” Bryant’s 10-day summer camp in Junction, Texas, beginning September 1, 1954. The ordeal has achieved legendary status and has become the subject of a 2001 book The Junction Boys by Jim Dent and a television movie with the same name produced by ESPN that starred Tom Berenger as Bryant.KHOS-FM
KHOS-FM (92.1 FM, "Real Country") is a radio station broadcasting a classic country music format. Licensed to Sonora, Texas, United States, the station serves the San Angelo area. The station is currently owned by Foster Charitable Foundation and has programming from Citadel Media and Dial Global.List of Ancestral Puebloan dwellings in Arizona
This is a list of Ancestral Puebloan dwellings in Arizona.List of Ancestral Puebloan dwellings in Utah
This is a list of Ancestral Puebloan dwellings in Utah, United States.Mesa Public Schools
Mesa Public Schools (incorporated as Mesa Unified School District #4) is the largest public school district in the state of Arizona. Its approximately 64,000 students enjoy opportunities such as Montessori, International Baccalaureate, dual-language immersion, honors and Advanced Placement courses and Franklin traditional schools.
MPS serves most of the city of Mesa, plus small portions of Tempe and Chandler.
The district has 82 schools, which includes 55 elementary schools, 9 junior high schools, six comprehensive high schools, and several alternative schools.
The educator Jack Taylor served on the school board for eight years. He was also the mayor of Mesa from 1966 to 1972; thereafter a member, consecutively, of both houses of the Arizona State Legislature; a native of Sonora, Texas, he is interred at Mesa City CemeteryRay Barnhart
Ray Anderson Barnhart (January 12, 1928 – May 26, 2013) was a businessman and Republican politician, formerly from Pasadena in Harris County, Texas.
From February 12, 1981 to December 31, 1987 , Barnhart was director of the Federal Highway Administration under U.S. President Ronald W. Reagan. In 1976, he, along with Ernest Angelo of Midland, and Barbara Staff of Dallas were co-chairmen of the Reagan presidential primary campaign against sitting President Gerald R. Ford Jr. From 1973 to 1974, Barnhart was a one-term member of the Texas House of Representatives. He previously served on the Pasadena City Council from 1965 to 1969.Show cave
A show cave—also called tourist cave, public cave, and in the United States, commercial cave—is a cave which has been made accessible to the public for guided visits.Sonora High School (Texas)
Sonora High School is a public high school located in Sonora, Texas and classified as a 3A school by the UIL. It is part of the Sonora Independent School District which covers all of Sutton County. In 2013, the school was rated "Met Standard" by the Texas Education Agency.Sonora Independent School District
Sonora Independent School District is a public school district based in Sonora, Texas (USA). The district's boundaries parallel that of Sutton County.
In 2009, the school district was rated "academically acceptable" by the Texas Education Agency.A former board member, Mallory Ann Barnhart Rousellot operates a downtown restaurant, Mercantile on Main, in Sonora. She is chairman of the Sutton County Republican Party. She and her husband, Mark W. Rousellot, operate a ranch in Sutton County.Stephanomeria
Stephanomeria is a genus of North American plants also known as wirelettuce, belonging to the dandelion tribe within the sunflower family.Stephanomeria species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Schinia scarletina, which feeds exclusively on the genus.
Annual speciesStephanomeria diegensis Gottlieb - wreathplant - Baja California, southern California; Hybrid origin: S. exigua х S. virgata
Stephanomeria elata Nutt. - Santa Barbara wirelettuce - California and Oregon; 2n=32
Stephanomeria exiguaNutt. - small wirelettuce - widespread throughout western United States + Baja California; 2n=16
Stephanomeria hitchcockii Gand. - Kansas
Stephanomeria malheurensis Gottlieb - Malheur wirelettuce - Harney County in Oregon; 2n=16
Stephanomeria mexiae M.E.Jones - Chihuahua
Stephanomeria paniculata Nutt. - tufted wirelettuce - Washington, Oregon, California, Nevada, Idaho; 2n=16
Stephanomeria virgata Benth. - rod wirelettuce - California, Oregon, Nevada, Baja California; 2n=16Perennial speciesStephanomeria cichoriacea A.Gray - chicoryleaf wirelettuce - southern California; 2n=16
Stephanomeria fluminea Gottlieb - Teton wirelettuce - Endemic to northwestern Wyoming; 2n=16
Stephanomeria guadalupensis Brandegee - Endemic to Guadalupe Island in Baja California; 2n=16
Stephanomeria lactucina A.Gray - woodland wirelettuce - California, Oregon and Nevada; 2n=16
Stephanomeria monocephala Moran - Baja California
Stephanomeria occultata Moran - Endemic to Weber River corridor, Northern Utah; 2n=16
Stephanomeria parryi A.Gray - Parry's wirelettuce - Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah; 2n=32
Stephanomeria pauciflora (Torr.) A.Nelson - Brownplume wirelettuce - widespread, southwestern United States; Mexico (Baja California, Sonora, Coahuila); 2n=16
Stephanomeria runcinata Nutt. - desert wirelettuce - Colorado, Montana, Nebraska, Utah, Wyoming, North Dakota, Alberta, Saskatchewan; 2n=16
Stephanomeria tenuifolia (Raf.) H.M.Hall - narrow-leaved wirelettuce - western United States; Saskatchewan, British Columbia, Baja California; 2n=16
Stephanomeria thurberi A.Gray - Thurber's wirelettuce - New Mexico, Arizona, Sonora, Texas; 2n=16formerly includedsee Chaetadelpha Microseris Munzothamnus Pleiacanthus PrenanthellaSutton County, Texas
Sutton County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 4,128. Its county seat is Sonora. The county was created in 1887 and organized in 1890. Sutton County is named for John S. Sutton, an officer in the Confederate Army.Sutton County Courthouse
The Sutton County Courthouse, on Public Square in Sonora, Texas, was built in 1891. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.It was designed in Second Empire style by architect Oscar Ruffini.It is a Texas State Antiquities Landmark and a Recorded Texas Historic Landmark.The Knickerbocker Buckaroo
The Knickerbocker Buckaroo was a 1919 American silent Western/romantic comedy film directed by Albert Parker and starring Douglas Fairbanks, who also wrote (under the pseudonym Elton Thomas) and produced the film. The Knickerbocker Buckaroo is now considered lost.William Carver (Wild Bunch)
William "News" Carver (September 12, 1868 – April 2, 1901) was an American outlaw and a member of Butch Cassidy's Wild Bunch during the closing years of the American Old West. His nickname "News" was given to him because he enjoyed seeing his name in newspaper stories of his gang's exploits. He was ambushed and killed by Sheriff deputies in 1901.
Municipalities and communities of Sutton County, Texas, United States
County seat: Sonora