Soldier Field

Soldier Field is an American football stadium located in the Near South Side of Chicago, Illinois. It opened in 1924 and is the home field of the Chicago Bears of the National Football League (NFL), who moved there in 1971.[12][13] With a football capacity of 61,500, it is the third-smallest stadium in the NFL. In 2016, Soldier Field became the second-oldest stadium in the league when the Los Angeles Rams began playing temporarily at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, which opened a year earlier than Soldier Field.

The stadium's interior was mostly demolished and rebuilt as part of a major renovation project in 2002, which modernized the facility but lowered seating capacity, while also causing it to be delisted as a National Historic Landmark. Soldier Field has served as the home venue for a number of other sports teams in its history, including the Chicago Cardinals of the NFL, University of Notre Dame football, and the Chicago Fire of Major League Soccer, as well as games from the 1994 FIFA World Cup, the 1999 FIFA Women's World Cup, and multiple CONCACAF Gold Cup championships. In 1968, it hosted the first Games of the Special Olympics.

Soldier Field
"Stadium in a Park"
Soldier Field Logo
Soldier field 2006
Soldier Field in October 2006
Soldier Field is located in Chicago
Soldier Field
Soldier Field
Location in Chicago
Soldier Field is located in Illinois
Soldier Field
Soldier Field
Location in Illinois
Soldier Field is located in the United States
Soldier Field
Soldier Field
Location in the United States
Former namesMunicipal Grant Park Stadium (1924–1925)
Address1410 S Museum Campus Drive
LocationChicago, Illinois
Coordinates41°51′44″N 87°37′00″W / 41.8623°N 87.6167°WCoordinates: 41°51′44″N 87°37′00″W / 41.8623°N 87.6167°W[1]
Public transitMainline rail interchange Metra
at Museum Campus/11th Street
at 18th Street
Metro interchange Chicago Transit Authority
at Roosevelt
OwnerChicago Park District
OperatorSMG
Executive suites133
Capacity66,944 (1994)
61,500 (2003)[2]
Acreage7 acres (2.8 ha)[3]
SurfaceKentucky Bluegrass
(1924–1970, 1988–present)
AstroTurf (1971–1987)
Construction
Broke groundAugust 11, 1922[4]
OpenedOctober 9, 1924
94 years ago
Renovated2002–2003
ClosedJanuary 19, 2002 –
September 26, 2003 (renovations)
Construction costUS$13 million (original)[3]
($190 million in 2015 dollars)[5]
$632 million (2001–2003 renovation)[6]
Renovations: ($861 million in 2015 dollars[5])
ArchitectHolabird & Roche
Wood + Zapata, Inc.
Lohan Caprile Goettsch Architects
Project managerHoffman Associates[7]
Structural engineerThornton Tomasetti
Services engineerEllerbe Becket[7]
General contractorTurner/Barton Malow/Kenny[7]
Tenants
Notre Dame Fighting Irish football (NCAA) (1929)[8][9]
Chicago Rockets/Hornets (AAFC) (1946–1949)
Chicago Cardinals (NFL) (1959)
UIC Chikas football (NCAA) (1966)[10]–1973)[11]
Chicago Spurs (NPSL) (1967)
Chicago Owls (CFL) (1968–1969)
Chicago Bears (NFL) (1971–2001, 2003–present)
Chicago Sting (NASL) (1975–1976)
Chicago Fire (WFL) (1974)
Chicago Winds (WFL) (1975)
Chicago Blitz (USFL) (1983–1984)
Chicago Fire (MLS) (1998–2001, 2003–2005)
Chicago Enforcers (XFL) (2001)
Designated1987
Delisted2006

History

Child,Mother,Father,MilitaryFamily
Sculpture of a sailor and his family, gazing eastward, over Lake Michigan

Soldier Field was designed in 1919 and opened on October 9, 1924, as Municipal Grant Park Stadium. The name was changed to Soldier Field on November 11, 1925, as a memorial to U.S. soldiers who had died in combat. Its formal dedication as Soldier Field was on Saturday, November 27, 1926,[14] during the 29th annual playing of the Army–Navy Game.[15] Its design is in the Neoclassical style, with Doric columns rising above the East and West entrances.[16] The stadium cost $13 million to construct ($182 million in 2015 dollars), a very large sum for a sporting venue at that time (in comparison, L.A. Memorial Coliseum had cost less than $1 million in 1923 dollars).

Early configuration

In its earliest configuration, Soldier Field was capable of seating 74,280 spectators and was in the shape of a U. Additional seating could be added along the interior field, upper promenades and on the large, open field and terrace beyond the north endzone,[17] bringing the seating capacity to over 100,000.[18]

Chicago Bears move in

Soldier Field was used as a site for many sporting events and exhibitions. The Chicago Cardinals used it as their home field for their final season in Chicago in 1959. A dozen years later in September 1971, the Chicago Bears moved in, originally with a three-year commitment.[12][13] They previously played at Wrigley Field, best known as the home of the Chicago Cubs baseball team, but were forced to move to a larger venue due to post-AFL–NFL merger policies requiring that stadium capacities seat over 50,000 spectators. They had intended to build a stadium in Arlington Heights. In 1978, the Bears and the Chicago Park District agreed to a 20-year lease and renovation of the stadium. Both parties pooled their resources for the renovation.[19] The playing surface was AstroTurf from 1971 through 1987, replaced with natural grass in 1988.[20]

Replacement talks

In 1989, Soldier Field's future was in jeopardy after a proposal was created for a "McDome", which was intended to be a domed stadium for the Bears, but was rejected by the Illinois Legislature in 1990. Because of this, Bears president Michael McCaskey considered relocation as a possible factor for a new stadium. The Bears had also purchased options in Hoffman Estates, Elk Grove Village, and Aurora. In 1995, McCaskey announced that he and Northwest Indiana developers agreed to construction of an entertainment complex called "Planet Park", which would also include a new stadium. However, the plan was rejected by the Lake County Council, and in 1998, Chicago mayor Richard M. Daley proposed that the Bears share Comiskey Park with the Chicago White Sox.[21]

Renovations

Soldier Field Chicago aerial view
Aerial view of the stadium in 1988.
Soldierfield2002
Aerial view of Soldier Field during renovation in April 2002.
Soldier-Field-01
Soldier Field as seen from Lake Shore Drive. The modern grandstands, added in 2003, extend well above the original Neoclassical columns.

Beginning in 1978, the plank seating was replaced by individual seats with backs and armrests. In 1982, a new press box as well as 60 skyboxes were added to the stadium, boosting capacity to 66,030. In 1988, 56 more skyboxes were added increasing capacity to 66,946. Capacity was slightly increased to 66,950 in 1992. By 1994, capacity was slightly reduced to 66,944. During the renovation, seating capacity was reduced to 55,701 by building a grandstand in the open end of the U shape. This moved the field closer to both ends at the expense of seating capacity. The goal of this renovation was to move the fans closer to the field.[15] The front row 50-yard line seats were then now only 55 feet (17 m) away from the sidelines, the shortest distance of all NFL stadiums, until MetLife Stadium opened in 2010, with a distance of 46 feet.

Landmark delisting

In 2001, the Chicago Park District, which owns the structure, faced substantial criticism when it announced plans to alter the stadium with a design by Benjamin T. Wood and Carlos Zapata of the Boston-based architecture firm Wood + Zapata. Stadium grounds were reconfigured by Chicago-based architecture firm of Lohan Associate, led by architect Dirk Lohan, the grandson of architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. The stadium's interior would be demolished and reconstructed while the exterior would be preserved. This is an example of facadism. A similar endeavor of constructing a new stadium within the confines of an historic stadium's exterior was completed in Leipzig, Germany's Red Bull Arena, which similarly built a modern stadium while persevering the exterior of the original Zentralstadion.

On January 19, 2002, the night of the Bears' playoff loss to the Philadelphia Eagles, demolition was begun as tailgate fires still burned in the trash cans in the parking lots. Removal of 24,000 stadium seats in 36 hours by Archer Seating Clearinghouse, a speed record never exceeded since, was the first step in building the new Soldier Field. Nostalgic Bears fans, recalling the glory seasons, especially 1985, along with some retired players picked up their seats in the South Parking lot.

The foremen on the job were Grant Wedding, who himself installed the seats in 1979, and Mark Wretschko who was an executive for the factory who made the 1979 seats.

Dozens of articles by writers and columnists attacked the project as an aesthetic, political, and financial nightmare. The project received mixed reviews within the architecture community, including criticism by civic and preservation groups.[22] Prominent American architect and Chicagoan Stanley Tigerman called it "a fiasco".[23] The Chicago Tribune architecture critic Blair Kamin dubbed it the "Eyesore on the Lake Shore".[24][25][26] The renovation was described by some as "a spaceship landed on the stadium".[27][28] Lohan responded,

I would never say that Soldier Field is an architectural landmark. Nobody has copied it; nobody has learned from it. People like it for nostalgic reasons. They remember the games and parades and tractor pulls and veterans' affairs they've seen there over the years. I wouldn't do this if it were the Parthenon. But this isn't the Parthenon.[23]

Proponents argued the renovation was direly needed citing aging and cramped facilities. The New York Times ranked the renovated Soldier Field as one of the five best new buildings of 2003.[29] Soldier Field was given an award in design excellence by the American Institute of Architects in 2004.[30]

On September 23, 2004, as a result of the 2003 renovation, a 10-member federal advisory committee unanimously recommended that Soldier Field be delisted as a National Historic Landmark.[31][32] The recommendation to delist was prepared by Carol Ahlgren, architectural historian at the National Park Service's Midwest Regional Office in Omaha, Nebraska. Ahlgren was quoted in Preservation Online as stating that "if we had let this stand, I believe it would have lowered the standard of National Historic Landmarks throughout the country", and, "If we want to keep the integrity of the program, let alone the landmarks, we really had no other recourse." The stadium lost the Landmark designation on February 17, 2006.[33]

Subsequent developments

In May 2012, the stadium became the first NFL stadium to achieve LEED status.[34]

Public transportation

The closest Chicago 'L' station to Soldier Field is the Roosevelt station on the Orange, Green and Red lines. The Chicago Transit Authority also operates the #128 Soldier Field Express bus route to the stadium from Ogilvie Transportation Center and Union Station. There are also two Metra stations close by—the Museum Campus/11th Street station on the Metra Electric Line, which also is used by South Shore Line trains, and 18th Street, which is only served by the Metra Electric Line. Pace also provides access from the Northwest, West and Southwest suburbs to the stadium with four express routes from Schaumburg, Lombard, Bolingbrook, Burr Ridge, Palos Heights and Oak Lawn.

Events

Football

Single events

The Army-Navy football game at Soldier's Field (cropped)
1926 Army–Navy Game
  • The stadium hosted its first football game, on October 4, 1924, between Louisville Male High School and Chicago's Austin Community Academy High School. Louisville's team won 26–0. (Chicago Tribune, October 2, 1924)
  • Over 100,000 spectators attended the 1926 Army–Navy Game. It would decide the national championship, as Navy entered undefeated and Army had lost only to Notre Dame. The game lived up to its hype, and even though it ended in a 21–21 tie, Navy was awarded the national championship.[35]
  • The all-time collegiate attendance record of 123,000+ was established November 26, 1927, as Notre Dame beat the University of Southern California 7–6. In 2016, 150,000+ attended a game between Virginia Tech and Tennessee at Bristol Speedway.[15]
  • Austin defeated Leo to win the 1937 Prep Bowl; another contender for the highest attendance ever (estimated at over 120,000 spectators). The Chicago Prep Bowl games are held at Soldier Field yearly on the day after Thanksgiving. The bowl game is older than the IHSA state championship tournament held since the 1960s.
  • The stadium was host to 41 College All-Star Games, an exhibition between the previous year's NFL champion (or, in its final years, Super Bowl champion) and a team of collegiate all-star players prior to their reporting to their new professional teams training camps. This game was discontinued after the 1976 NFL season. The final game in 1976 was halted in the third quarter when a torrential thunderstorm broke out and play was never resumed.
  • In 2012, Notre Dame hosted a game at Soldier Field against the University of Miami as part of their Shamrock Series.
  • Four NFC Championship Games have been held at the stadium.
  • NFL teams winless at Soldier Field: Baltimore Ravens (0–3), Cleveland Browns (0–3), and Los Angeles Chargers (0–4).
  • NFL teams unbeaten at Soldier Field: Houston Texans (2–0).

NFL playoffs

Soldier Field aerial
Aerial view of the stadium in 2008
Soldier Field Chicago
The outside of soldier field, stating: "Soldier Field, dedicated to the men and women of the armed services".
  • Other Bears playoff games at Soldier Field:
Soldier Field (14905141281)
The scenery around soldier field.

College football

NIU Huskies football plays select games at Soldier Field, all of which have featured the Huskies hosting a team from the Big Ten Conference. Northern Illinois University (NIU) is located in DeKalb, 65 miles (105 km) to the west on Interstate 88.

  • On September 1, 2007, NIU faced the University of Iowa in the first Division I College Football game at Soldier Field since renovations. The Hawkeyes defeated the Huskies, 16–3.
  • On September 17, 2011, the Huskies returned to play the Wisconsin Badgers in a game that was called "Soldier Field Showdown II". The eventual Big Ten champion Badgers topped NIU, 49–7.
  • On September 1, 2012, NIU hosted the Iowa Hawkeyes in a season opener that was called "Soldier Field Showdown III". The Hawkeyes narrowly defeated the Huskies, 18–17.

Notre Dame Fighting Irish football used the stadium as home field for the 1929 season while Notre Dame Stadium was being constructed. The school has used Soldier Field for single games on occasion both prior to and since the 1929 season.

Hockey

The Notre Dame Fighting Irish and Miami RedHawks played a doubleheader on February 17, 2013 with the Wisconsin Badgers and Minnesota Golden Gophers in the Hockey City Classic, the first outdoor hockey game in the history of the stadium.[36] A Chicago Gay Hockey Association intra-squad game was held in affiliation with the Hockey City Classic.[37]

The Chicago Blackhawks played against the Pittsburgh Penguins on March 1, 2014 as part of the NHL's Stadium Series. The Blackhawks defeated the Penguins 5-1 before a sold-out crowd of 62,921.[38] The team also held its 2015 Stanley Cup Championship celebration at the stadium instead of Grant Park, where other city championships have typically been held, due to recent rains.[39]

February 7, 2015 Soldier Field hosted another edition of the Hockey City Classic. The event had been delayed due to unusually warm weather (42 °F) and complications with the quality of the ice. The 2015 edition of the Hockey City Classic featured a match between Miami of Ohio and Western Michigan, followed by a match between the Big Ten's Michigan and Michigan State[40][41][42][43][44][45][46][47] February 5 the organizers of the Hockey City Classic organized the Unite on the Ice event benefiting St. Jude Children's Research Hospital. The event was centered upon a celebrity hockey game with former NHL and AHL players, as well as a public free skate at Soldier Field. Participants in the celebrity game included Éric Dazé, Jamal Mayers and Gino Cavallini. Denis Savard was in attendance, serving as an 'honorary coach' during the game.[48] February 15, 2015 Soldier Field hosted another Chicago Gay Hockey Association intra-league match in association with the Hockey City Classic at Soldier Field.[37]

Date Away Team Result Home Team Spectators
February 17, 2013 Miami (OH) 1-2 Notre Dame 52,051
Minnesota 2-3 Wisconsin 52,051
March 1, 2014 Pittsburgh Penguins 1-5 Chicago Blackhawks 62,921
February 7, 2015 Miami (OH) 4-3 Western Michigan 22,751
Michigan State 1-4 Michigan 22,751

Soccer

1994 FIFA World Cup

The Refurbished Soldier Field
Soldier Field before a soccer match
Date Time (CDT) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
June 17, 1994 14:00  Germany 1–0  Bolivia Group C/Opening Match 63,117
June 21, 1994 15:00  Germany 1–1  Spain Group C 63,113
June 26, 1994 11:30  Greece 0–4  Bulgaria Group D 63,160
June 27, 1994 15:00  Bolivia 1–3  Spain Group C 63,089
July 2, 1994 11:00  Germany 3–2  Belgium Round of 16 60,246

1999 FIFA Women's World Cup

Date Time (CDT) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
June 24, 1999 17.00  Brazil 2–0  Italy Group B 65,080
19.00  United States 7–1  Nigeria Group A 65,080
June 26, 1999 16.00  Ghana 0–2  Sweden Group D 34,256
18.30  Norway 4-0  Japan Group C 34,256

CONCACAF Gold Cups

2007 CONCACAF Gold Cup

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
21 June 2007  Canada 1–2  United States Semifinals 50,760
 Mexico 1–0  Guadeloupe
24 June 2007  United States 2–1  Mexico Final 60,000

2009 CONCACAF Gold Cup

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
23 July 2009  Honduras 1–2  United States Semifinals 55,173
 Costa Rica 1–1 (3-5 pen)  Mexico

2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
12 June 2011  El Salvador 6–1  Cuba Group A 62,000
 Mexico 4–1  Costa Rica

2013 CONCACAF Gold Cup

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
28 July 2013  United States 1–0  Panama Final 57,920

2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup

Date Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
July 9, 2015  Trinidad and Tobago 3–1  Guatemala Group C 54,126
 Mexico 6–0  Cuba

Copa América Centenario

Date Time (CDT) Team #1 Result Team #2 Round Spectators
June 5, 2016 16:00  Jamaica 0–1  Venezuela Group C 25,560
June 7, 2016 19:00  United States 4–0  Costa Rica Group A 39,642
June 10, 2016 20:30  Argentina 5–0  Panama Group D 53,885
June 22, 2016 19:00  Colombia 0–2  Chile Semi-finals 55,423

Single events

Special Olympics

The first Special Olympics games were held at Soldier Field on July 20, 1968. The games involved more than 1,000 people with intellectual disabilities from 26 U.S. states and Canada competing in track and field and swimming. In 1970, the second international games occurred, when Special Olympics returned to Soldier Field.[50][51]

Rugby union

The stadium hosted its first international rugby union test match between the United States Eagles and New Zealand All Blacks on November 1, 2014 as part of the 2014 end-of-year rugby union tests.[52] More than half of the 61,500 tickets were sold within two days.[53] The All Blacks beat the Eagles 74–6.[54] The stadium hosted its second international rugby union match on September 5, 2015 with the United States hosting Australia as part of the 2015 Rugby World Cup warm-up matches shortly before both teams were due to travel to England for the 2015 Rugby World Cup.[55] The Eagles were defeated 47–10. Ireland beat New Zealand 40-29 on November 5, 2016 at Soldier Field, as part of the 2016 end-of-year rugby union internationals – the very first time Ireland had beaten the All Blacks in a Test match in 111 years of play.[56]

Date Winner Score Opponent Attendance
November 1, 2014 New Zealand  74–6  United States 61,500
September 5, 2015 Australia  47-10  United States 23,212
November 5, 2016 Ireland  40-29  New Zealand 60,000
November 3, 2018 New Zealand  67-6  United States 35,051
November 3, 2018 Ireland  54-7  Italy 35,051
November 3, 2018 Māori All Blacks  59-22  United States 35,051

Concerts

Fare Thee Well - Celebrating 50 Years of the Grateful Dead 9
Fare Thee Well: Celebrating 50 Years of the Grateful Dead in 2015
Date Artist Opening act(s) Tour / concert name Attendance / Capacity Revenue Notes
August 21, 1937 Lily Pons
Rudy Vallee
Jascha Heifetz
Bobby Breen
N/A 8th Annual Chicagoland Music Festival N/A N/A
August 15, 1964 Johnny Cash
June Carter
N/A Chicagoland Music Festival N/A N/A
August 9, 1966 Barbra Streisand N/A An Evening with Barbra Streisand Tour N/A N/A
July 18, 1970
Performers
N/A WCFL's Big Ten Summer Music Festival N/A N/A
June 4, 1977 Emerson, Lake & Palmer Foghat
The J. Geils Band
Climax Blues Band
ELP Works N/A N/A
June 19, 1977 Pink Floyd N/A In the Flesh Tour 95,000 N/A
July 9, 1977 Lynyrd Skynyrd Point Blank 77,197 N/A
July 10, 1977 Ted Nugent Lynyrd Skynyrd
REO Speedwagon
Journey
.38 Special
Super Bowl of Rock #3 N/A N/A
August 13, 1977 Peter Frampton Bob Seger & The Silver Bullet Band
Rick Derringer
UFO
N/A N/A
July 8, 1978 The Rolling Stones Journey
Southside Johnny & The Asbury Jukes
Peter Tosh
The Rolling Stones US Tour 1978 N/A N/A
August 26, 1978 Parliament-Funkadelic The Bar-Kays
Con Funk Shun
A Taste of Honey
Funk Fest N/A N/A
July 19, 1980 Smokey Robinson The O'Jays N/A N/A
August 10–18, 1983 N/A ChicagoFest N/A N/A
August 9, 1985 Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band N/A Born in the U.S.A. Tour 71,222 / 71,222 $1,228,500
July 31, 1987 Madonna Level 42 Who's That Girl World Tour 47,407 / 47,407 $1,066,658
July 29, 1990 Paul McCartney N/A The Paul McCartney World Tour 55,630 / 55,630 $1,807,975
June 22, 1990 Grateful Dead N/A N/A N/A
June 25, 1992 Steve Miller Band
June 26, 1992
June 18, 1993 Sting
June 19, 1993
July 12, 1994 Pink Floyd N/A The Division Bell Tour 51,981 / 51,981 $2,056,105
July 23, 1994 Grateful Dead Traffic N/A N/A
July 24, 1994
September 11, 1994 The Rolling Stones Lenny Kravitz Voodoo Lounge Tour 90,303 / 90,303 $4,194,320
September 12, 1994
July 8, 1995 Grateful Dead The Band N/A N/A The 1995 Grateful Dead concerts were the band's last, as guitarist and vocalist Jerry Garcia died a month later.[57]
July 9, 1995
July 11, 1995 Pearl Jam Bad Religion
Otis Rush
Vitalogy Tour N/A N/A
September 14, 1996 Little Feat Taj Mahal N/A N/A
June 27, 1997 U2 Fun Lovin' Criminals PopMart Tour 116,912 / 127,500 $5,956,587
June 28, 1997
June 29, 1997
July 18, 1997 N/A Vans Warped Tour N/A N/A
September 23, 1997 The Rolling Stones Blues Traveler Bridges to Babylon Tour 107,186 / 107,186 $6,260,000
September 25, 1997
May 10, 1998 George Strait N/A Country Music Festival Tour N/A N/A
April 25, 1999
May 13, 2000 Wilco N/A N/A N/A
June 29, 2000 Dave Matthews Band Ben Harper & The Innocent Criminals
Ozomatli
The Summer 2000 Tour 115,006 / 115,006 $5,175,270
June 30, 2000
June 16, 2001 NSYNC BBMak
3LW
Dream
PopOdyssey 85,650 / 103,903 $4,739,359
June 17, 2001
July 6, 2001 Dave Matthews Band Buddy Guy
Angélique Kidjo
The Summer 2001 Tour 103,675 / 103,675 $4,834,864
July 7, 2001
September 10, 2005 The Rolling Stones Los Lonely Boys A Bigger Bang 55,046 / 55,046 $7,231,427
July 21, 2006 Bon Jovi Nickelback Have a Nice Day Tour 52,612 / 52,612 $3,988,455
October 11, 2006 The Rolling Stones Elvis Costello & The Imposters A Bigger Bang 33,296 / 33,296 $4,020,721
June 21, 2008 Kenny Chesney Keith Urban
LeAnn Rimes
Luke Bryan
Gary Allan
The Poets and Pirates Tour 46,463 / 48,585 $4,063,663
October 11–12, 2008 N/A Chicago Country Music Festival N/A N/A
June 13, 2009 Kenny Chesney Lady Antebellum
Miranda Lambert
Montgomery Gentry
Sugarland
Sun City Carnival Tour 48,763 / 50,109 $3,184,606
September 12, 2009 U2 Snow Patrol U2 360° Tour 135,872 / 135,872 $13,860,480
September 13, 2009
June 12, 2010 N/A The Bamboozle Roadshow 2010 N/A N/A Event held at Soldier Field parking lot
June 19, 2010 Eagles Dixie Chicks
JD & The Straight Shot
Long Road Out of Eden Tour 29,233 / 32,420 $3,186,493
July 7, 2010 deadmau5 Rye Rye
Brazilian Girls
N/A N/A
July 30, 2010 Bon Jovi Kid Rock The Circle Tour 95,959 / 95,959 $8,606,259
July 31, 2010
July 5, 2011 U2 Interpol U2 360° Tour 64,297 / 64,297 $5,786,335
August 23, 2011 Wayne Baker Brooks Sugar Blue N/A N/A
July 7, 2012 Kenny Chesney
Tim McGraw
Jake Owen
Grace Potter and the Nocturnals
Brothers of the Sun Tour 51,100 / 51,100 $5,109,399
July 12, 2013 Bon Jovi The J. Geils Band Because We Can 45,178 / 45,178 $4,690,204
July 22, 2013 Jay-Z
Justin Timberlake
DJ Cassidy Legends of the Summer 52,671 / 52,671 $5,715,152
August 10, 2013 Taylor Swift Ed Sheeran
Casey James
Austin Mahone
The Red Tour 50,809 / 50,809 $4,149,148
July 24, 2014 Beyoncé
Jay-Z
N/A On the Run Tour 50,035 / 50,035 $5,783,396
August 29, 2014 One Direction 5 Seconds of Summer Where We Are Tour 104,617 / 104,617 $9,446,247 During the August 29 show, the band performed a cover of "Happy Birthday" by Mildred J. Hill dedicated to Liam, and one of "The Way You Make Me Feel" by Michael Jackson.
August 30, 2014
August 31, 2014 Luke Bryan Dierks Bentley
Lee Brice
Cole Swindell
DJ Rock
That's My Kind of Night Tour 50,529 / 50,529 $3,754,362
June 6, 2015 Kenny Chesney
Miranda Lambert
Brantley Gilbert
Chase Rice
Old Dominion
The Big Revival Tour 43,630 / 48,278 $3,776,207 Chesney was the main headliner, Lambert joined as the co-headliner only for the Chicago show
July 3, 2015 Grateful Dead N/A Fare Thee Well: Celebrating 50 Years of the Grateful Dead 210,283 / 210,283 $30,683,274 50th Anniversary concerts[58]
July 4, 2015
July 5, 2015
July 18, 2015 Taylor Swift Vance Joy
Shawn Mendes
HAIM
The 1989 World Tour 110,109 / 110,109 $11,469,887 Andy Grammer and Serayah were special guests on the July 18 show
July 19, 2015 Sam Hunt and Andreja Pejić & Lily Donaldson were special guests on the July 19 show
August 23, 2015 One Direction Icona Pop On the Road Again Tour 41,527 / 41,527 $3,382,655
May 27, 2016 Beyoncé Rae Sremmurd The Formation World Tour 89,270 / 89,270 $11,279,890
May 28, 2016 DJ Scratch
July 1, 2016 Guns N' Roses Alice in Chains Not in This Lifetime... Tour 82,172 / 96,088 $8,843,684
July 3, 2016
July 23, 2016 Coldplay Alessia Cara
Foxes
A Head Full of Dreams Tour 95,323 / 95,323 $10,215,572 The July 23 show was cut short due to inclement weather.[59]
July 24, 2016
June 3, 2017 U2 The Lumineers The Joshua Tree Tour 2017 105,078 / 105,078 $13,435,925
June 4, 2017
June 18, 2017 Metallica Avenged Sevenfold
Local H
Mix Master Mike
WorldWired Tour 51,041 / 51,041 $6,093,976
August 17, 2017 Coldplay AlunaGeorge
Izzy Bizu
A Head Full of Dreams Tour 52,726 / 52,726 $6,026,402
June 1, 2018 Taylor Swift Camila Cabello
Charli XCX
Taylor Swift's Reputation Stadium Tour 105,208 / 105,208 $14,576,697
June 2, 2018
July 28, 2018 Kenny Chesney Thomas Rhett
Old Dominion
Brandon Lay
Trip Around The Sun Tour 52,189 / 52,189 $5,751,195
August 10, 2018 Beyoncé
Jay-Z
Chloe X Halle and DJ Khaled On the Run II Tour 86,602 / 86,602 $12,303,099 During the second show, “Summer” was added to the setlist. “Apeshit” was also performed for the first time in its entirety with choreography and background dancers.
August 11, 2018
October 4, 2018 Ed Sheeran Snow Patrol
Lauv
÷ Tour TBA TBA
May 11, 2019 BTS BTS World Tour Love Yourself: Speak Yourself TBA TBA
May 12, 2019
June 21, 2019 The Rolling Stones No Filter Tour TBA TBA
June 25, 2019

Other events

FDR-Soldier-Field-October-28-1944
President Franklin D. Roosevelt at Soldier Field
Douglas MacArthur speaking at Soldier Field HD-SN-99-03036.JPEG
Gen. Douglas MacArthur at Soldier Field
Gay Games 2006, Chicago
Opening ceremonies of the 2006 Gay Games
President Barack Obama throws a football
President Barack Obama throws a football at Soldier Field after the 2012 NATO summit.

In popular culture

  • In the Marvel Comics event Siege, Soldier Field is inadvertently destroyed mid-game by Thor's friend Volstagg when he is tricked into fighting the U-Foes through Loki and Norman Osborn's manipulations of events.[83] The stadium is later seen being rebuilt by the heroes after Steve Rogers is appointed head of U.S. Security, following the aforementioned event.[84]
  • The 1977 documentary film Powers of Ten focuses on two people having a picnic on the east side of Soldier Field.[85]
  • The stadium appears in the 2006 Clint Eastwood–directed movie Flags of Our Fathers, when the survivors of the Iwo Jima flag-raising reenact it for a patriotic rally.[86]
  • The opening match of the 1994 World Cup at Soldier Field was one of the five events covered in the ESPN 30 for 30 documentary June 17th, 1994.
  • Soldier Field features (much changed) in August 4017a.d. in From The Highlands short story in David Weber's anthology collection Changer Of Worlds. It appears to have gone through multiple renovations, rebuilds and even having been built over, until nothing but the open space of the original remained
  • In the 13th Episode of Chicago Fire's fourth season, Soldier Field was featured on one of their calls for a terrorist hoax.
  • In the 21st Episode of Chicago Fire's fifth season, Soldier Field was featured on one of their calls for a high angle rescue.

Gallery

Soldier Field Chicago aerial view

Aerial view, c. 1988, behind the stadium is the Field Museum of Natural History

Soldier field

View from Northerly Island

Soldierfield2003reno

The stadium mid-renovation in March 2003.

20070110 Soldier Field Bronze Mural (1)

Front of bronze mural

Soldier Field

View towards the western grandstand's cantilever over the original western colonnade

Holt tractor Soldier Field Chicago 1924

Soldier Field nearing completion, 1924

UsavsHonduras

Soccer game

See also

References

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  2. ^ "Soldier Field". ESPN.com. January 9, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2012.
  3. ^ a b "Stadium History and Timeline". Official website. Soldier Field. 2010. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
  4. ^ "Start Work On New Municipal Stadium In Grant Park, Chicago". The Christian Science Monitor. August 16, 1922.
  5. ^ a b Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
  6. ^ Riess, Steven A. (2005). "Soldier Field". The Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago Historical Society. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
  7. ^ a b c Published October 6, 2003 (October 6, 2003). "After a quick build, showtime in Chicago". SportsBusiness Journal. Retrieved March 10, 2012.
  8. ^ Hall, Andrew (January 18, 2015). "Report: Annual Blue-Gold Spring Game May Be Moved To Soldier Field". slapthesign.com. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  9. ^ Ford, Liam T.A. Ford (2009). Soldier Field: A Stadium and Its City (1st ed.). Chicago: University Of Chicago Press. p. 91. In 1929 a new stadium was under construction at Notre Dame, and the team played its entire home season at Soldier Field
  10. ^ Ford, Liam T.A. Ford (2009). Soldier Field: A Stadium and Its City (1st ed.). Chicago: University Of Chicago Press. p. 236. UIC started playing football at Soldier Field in 1966
  11. ^ Ford, Liam T. A. Ford (2009). Soldier Field: A Stadium and Its City (1st ed.). Chicago: University Of Chicago Press. p. 236. their last home game at Soldier Field, on November 3, 1973
  12. ^ a b Rollow, Cooper (March 14, 1971). "Bears find home; it's Soldier Field". Chicago Tribune. p. 1, part 3.
  13. ^ a b "Bears sign to play in Soldier Field". Milwaukee Journal. March 14, 1971. p. 21.
  14. ^ "110,000 to see game today". Chicago Daily Tribune. November 27, 1926. p. 1.
  15. ^ a b c "Historical timeline of Soldier Field". Chicago Bears. 2009. Archived from the original on December 22, 2015. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
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  27. ^ https://ftw.usatoday.com/2015/10/best-worst-nfl-stadiums-capacity-rankings-lambeau-field-solder-field-size-super-bowls
  28. ^ Chapman, Steve (September 14, 2003). "A stadium deal that is hard to bear". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
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  32. ^ Murray, Jeanne (October 20, 2006). "Leveling the Playing Field". Preservation Magazine. National Trust for Historic Preservation. Retrieved May 22, 2010.
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  36. ^ [1] Archived July 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  37. ^ a b Forman, Ross (January 24, 2015). "CGHA to skate at Soldier Field after Hockey City Classic". Windycitymediagroup.com. Windy City Times. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
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  39. ^ Bradley, Ben (June 16, 2015). "Blackhawks rally tickets to be available Wednesday". Abc7chicago.com. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
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  46. ^ "Saturday, February 7, 2015 Miami (MIA) vs Western Michigan (WMU)". Collegehockeystats.net. Retrieved November 3, 2015.
  47. ^ "Michigan 4, Michigan State 1". Uscho.com. Retrieved November 3, 2015.
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  49. ^ Liverpool Hold Off Olympiacos at Soldier Field Archived July 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine ICC.com July 28, 2014 Retrieved July 28, 2014
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  55. ^ "2015 Wallabies Fixtures". Australian Rugby Union. Retrieved 2015-07-04.
  56. ^ "Ireland 40-29 New Zealand: Joe Schmidt's men taste historic victory over All Blacks as they run in five tries to record first win in 111 years". Daily Mail. 5 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
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  59. ^ Legaspi, Althea (2016-07-24). "Rain can't dampen Coldplay party at Soldier Field". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2016-07-24.
  60. ^ "Planes Thrill Crowd at Military Show". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 25, 1932.
  61. ^ "1,500 Soldiers Will Move into Loop Wednesday". Chicago Daily Tribune. June 13, 1932.
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  64. ^ O'Donnell Bennett, James (May 28, 1933). "Exposition Starts with Pageant in Soldiers' Field". Chicago Daily Tribune.
  65. ^ Gentry, Guy (October 28, 1944). "700,000 Tickets Out for F.D.R. Rally Tonight". Chicago Daily Tribune.
  66. ^ "Record Crowd Hears President Give Peace Program". Chicago Defender. November 4, 1944.
  67. ^ "Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, "Campaign Address at Soldier Field, Chicago" October 28, 1944". Associated Press.
  68. ^ Edwards, Willard (October 29, 1944). "F.D.R. Promises New Deal No. 2; Dewey Hits at War 'Credit' Claim". Chicago Daily Tribune.
  69. ^ Franklin D. Roosevelt, "Campaign Address at Soldier Field", Oct. 28, 1944
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  71. ^ "Record Crowd In Chicago". Chicago Defender. November 4, 1944.
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  73. ^ "Checkered Flag Waves for NASCAR Legends story – Soldier Field". Laidbackracing.com. Retrieved November 30, 2014.
  74. ^ Higgins, Tom (July 9, 2010). "Chicago's storied Soldier Field was once a NASCAR track". www.thatsracin.com. Archived from the original on January 4, 2011. Retrieved March 10, 2012.
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  82. ^ "President Obama throws football at Soldier Field". Chicago Bears. May 21, 2012. Archived from the original on June 19, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2012.
  83. ^ Siege #1
  84. ^ Avengers (vol. 4) #1
  85. ^ "Powers of Ten". Film and description. Organisation Européenne pour la Recherche Nucléaire (CERN). June 14, 2011. Retrieved August 11, 2011. The zoom-out continues, to a view of 100 meters (10^2 m), then 1 kilometer (10^3 m), and so on, increasing the perspective. The picnic is revealed to be taking place near Soldier Field on Chicago's waterfront, and continuing to zoom out to a field of view of 10^24 meters, or the size of the observable universe.
  86. ^ Turan, Kenneth (October 20, 2006). "Movie Review: Flags of Our Fathers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 21, 2010.

Further reading

  • Ford, Liam T. A. (2009). Soldier Field: A Stadium and Its City. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-25706-8. OCLC 317923072.

External links

1901 Washington Agricultural football team

The 1901 Washington Agricultural football team was an American football team that represented Washington Agricultural College as an independent during the 1901 college football season. In its first season under head coach William Namack, the team compiled a 4–1 record and outscored opponents by a total of 47 to 7. The team played its home games at Soldier Field in Pullman, Washington, and was recognized as the co-champion of the northwest.

1929 Notre Dame Fighting Irish football team

The 1929 Notre Dame Fighting Irish football team represented the University of Notre Dame during the 1929 college football season. Led by twelfth-year head coach Knute Rockne, the independent Irish won all nine games and outscored its opponents 145 to 38, with four shutouts.

When Rockne fell ill, Tom Lieb became de facto head coach. Notre Dame was selected as the national champion by Billingsley Report, Boand System, Dickinson System, Dunkel System, College Football Researchers Association, Helms Athletic Foundation, National Championship Foundation, Poling System, and Jeff Sagarin's ELO-Chess system.The three home games this season were played at Soldier Field in Chicago, Illinois. On campus, Cartier Field was razed and the new Notre Dame Stadium opened the following season in 1930.

1959 Chicago Cardinals season

The 1959 Chicago Cardinals season was the team's 40th and final season in Chicago. The Cardinals opened the season with a 49–21 home win over the Washington Redskins at Soldier Field, but finished with a record of two wins and ten losses, last place in the Eastern Conference. They tied with the Los Angeles Rams for the worst record in the 12-team league.Their final home game in Chicago was on November 29, a 31–7 loss to the cross-town rival Bears at Soldier Field. The home games of October 25 and November 22, both losses, were played in Minnesota at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, the future home of the expansion Minnesota Vikings, starting two years later in 1961.

In March 1960, the Chicago Cardinals relocated to St. Louis and became the St. Louis Cardinals, bringing the NFL back to Missouri.

1982 Chicago Bears season

The 1982 Chicago Bears season was their 63rd regular season completed in the National Football League. The club posted a 3–6 record under first year head coach Mike Ditka in a strike shortened season.

The strike also prevented the Bears–Packers rivalry from being played this year, making the Lions–Packers rivalry the longest-running annual series in the league.

1985 Chicago Bears season

The 1985 Chicago Bears season was their 66th regular season and 16th post-season completed in the National Football League (NFL). The Bears entered 1985 looking to improve on their 10–6 record from 1984 and advance further than the NFC Championship Game, where they lost to the 15–1 San Francisco 49ers. Not only did the Bears improve on that record, they put together one of the greatest seasons in NFL history.

The Bears won fifteen games, as the 49ers had the year before, and won their first twelve before losing. The Bears' defense was ranked first in the league and only allowed 198 total points (an average of 12.4 points per game). The Bears won the NFC Central Division by seven games over the second place Green Bay Packers and earned the NFC's top seed and home field advantage throughout the playoffs at Soldier Field. In their two playoff games against the New York Giants and Los Angeles Rams, the Bears outscored their opponents 45–0 and became the first team to record back-to-back playoff shutouts. Then, in Super Bowl XX in New Orleans against the New England Patriots, the Bears set several more records. First, their 46 points broke the record that had been set by the Los Angeles Raiders in 1984 with 38 and tied by the 49ers the following year. Their 36-point margin of victory topped the 29-point margin of victory that the Raiders had put up in Super Bowl XVIII and stood as a record until the 49ers won Super Bowl XXIV, also in New Orleans, by 45 points over the Denver Broncos. It was the Bears' first NFL World Championship title since 1963.

The 1985 Chicago Bears are one of the few teams to consistently challenge the undefeated 1972 Miami Dolphins for the unofficial title of the greatest NFL team of all time. In 2007, the 1985 Bears were ranked as the second greatest Super Bowl championship team on the NFL Network's documentary series America's Game: The Super Bowl Champions, ranking behind the 1972 Dolphins. Other sources rate the 1985 Chicago Bears as the greatest NFL team ever.

1998 U.S. Open Cup Final

The 1998 U.S. Open Cup Final was the 85th final of the Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup, the United States's oldest soccer cup competition. The match, contested by the Chicago Fire and Columbus Crew, took place on October 30, 1998 at Soldier Field in Chicago, Illinois. It was Chicago's and the Crew's first U.S Open Cup campaign and their first final in the U.S. Open Cup. The Chicago Fire won the game 2–1 in overtime thanks to goals from Jerzy Podbrożny and Frank Klopas while the Crew goal came from Stern John.Fire defender, C. J. Brown, was named the clubs Man of the Match after the game.

2003 Chicago Bears season

The 2003 Chicago Bears season was the franchise's 84th season in the National Football League. The team improved to a 7–9 over its 4–12 record from 2002,under head coach Dick Jauron. The team was once again in a quarterbacking carousel with quarterbacks Kordell Stewart, Chris Chandler, and rookie Rex Grossman. In the end, head coach Dick Jauron was fired after the conclusion of the season.

2006 Chicago Bears season

The 2006 Chicago Bears season was the franchise's 87th season in the National Football League and 25th post-season completed in the National Football League. The Bears posted a 13–3 regular season record, the best in the NFC, improving on their previous year’s record of 11–5. The Bears retained their NFC North divisional title, and won the National Football Conference Championship title against the New Orleans Saints, on January 21, 2007. The Bears played the Indianapolis Colts at Super Bowl XLI, where they lost 29–17. They finished the 2006 NFL season tied for second in points scored, and third in points allowed.Due to the NFL's scheduling formula the Bears played 6 intra-division games, posting a record of 5–1. Because of rotating cycle scheduling, the Bears matched up against all four teams in the AFC East (going 2–2) and NFC West (going 4–0). In the remaining games, the Bears played the NFC's other reigning division winners, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers and New York Giants, posting a record of 2–0. During the entire season, the Bears played 10 games at home, 8 games on the road, and 1 game at a neutral field for the Super Bowl. Including the playoffs and Super Bowl, the Bears finished with a record of 15–4.

Noteworthy football stories for the 2006 season were replacing retired cornerback and kick returner Jerry Azumah, the quarterback controversy between productive but inconsistent and potentially fragile Rex Grossman and veteran free agent Brian Griese, the record setting returns by Devin Hester, Bernard Berrian's breakout season, competition between the Bears' running backs (Cedric Benson and Thomas Jones), and 5th round draft pick Mark Anderson's 12 quarterback sacks as a rookie.

Chicago Bears

The Chicago Bears are a professional American football team based in Chicago, Illinois. The Bears compete in the National Football League (NFL) as a member club of the league's National Football Conference (NFC) North division. The Bears have won nine NFL Championships, including one Super Bowl, and hold the NFL record for the most enshrinees in the Pro Football Hall of Fame and the most retired jersey numbers. The Bears have also recorded more victories than any other NFL franchise.The franchise was founded in Decatur, Illinois, on September 17, 1920, and moved to Chicago in 1921. It is one of only two remaining franchises from the NFL's founding in 1920, along with the Arizona Cardinals, which was originally also in Chicago. The team played home games at Wrigley Field on Chicago's North Side through the 1970 season; they now play at Soldier Field on the Near South Side, next to Lake Michigan. The Bears have a long-standing rivalry with the Green Bay Packers.The team headquarters, Halas Hall, is in the Chicago suburb of Lake Forest, Illinois. The Bears practice at adjoining facilities there during the season. Since 2002, the Bears have held their annual training camp, from late July to mid-August, at Ward Field on the campus of Olivet Nazarene University in Bourbonnais, Illinois.

Chicago Blitz

The Chicago Blitz was a professional American football team that played in the United States Football League in the mid-1980s. They played at Soldier Field in Chicago, Illinois.

Chicago Fire Soccer Club

The Chicago Fire Soccer Club is an American professional soccer club based in the suburb of Bridgeview, Illinois. The team competes in Major League Soccer (MLS) as a member of the league's Eastern Conference, having moved to the conference in 2002.

The franchise is named after the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, and was founded on October 8, 1997, the event's 126th anniversary. The team began play in 1998 as one of the league's first expansion teams. The Fire won the MLS Cup as well as the U.S. Open Cup (the "double") on their first season. They also won U.S. Open Cups in 2000, 2003, and 2006, in addition to the 2003 MLS Supporters' Shield. In 2015, the club won the first ever MLS Wooden Spoon, and repeated the feat in 2016.

The Fire maintains an extensive development system, consisting of the Chicago Fire Development Academy and the Chicago Fire Juniors youth organization. They also operate the Chicago Fire Foundation, the team's community-based charitable division. SeatGeek Stadium is the Fire's home stadium.

Chicago Rockets

The Chicago Rockets were an American football team that played in the All-America Football Conference from 1946 to 1949. During the 1949 season, the team was known as the Chicago Hornets. Unlike the Cleveland Browns, San Francisco 49ers, and Baltimore Colts, the franchise did not join the National Football League prior to the 1950 season.

The Chicago Rockets franchise was owned by Chicago trucking executive John L. "Jack" Keeshin, president of the National Jockey Club that owned and operated Sportsman's Park race track in Cicero, Illinois. He originally attempted to purchase the Chicago White Sox from the Comiskey family but was turned down. Chicago Tribune sports editor Arch Ward suggested starting a pro football team in the AAFC. In a market where the NFL Chicago Bears and Chicago Cardinals were already well established, Keeshin stood little chance of success. He did cause a stir by attempting to sign Chicago Bears stars Sid Luckman, George McAfee and Hugh Gallarneau without success.

The Rockets played their home games at Soldier Field.

Chicago Spurs

The Chicago Spurs were an American professional soccer team based out of Chicago, Illinois that was a charter member of the non-FIFA sanctioned National Professional Soccer League (NPSL) in 1967. The owners of the franchise were Al Kaczmarek, William Cutler and Michael Butler. The team played at Soldier Field. The Spurs also played non-league games in

Tickets for the Spurs games were marketed and sold through Sears Roebuck and Co in the Chicago area.

With the merger of the NPSL following the 1967 season to form the North American Soccer League, the Spurs were moved to Kansas City, Missouri and became the Kansas City Spurs, so as not to compete with fellow NASL team, the Chicago Mustangs. The club's colors were red and white.

Fog Bowl (American football)

In American football, the Fog Bowl was the December 31, 1988 National Football League (NFL) playoff game between the Philadelphia Eagles and Chicago Bears. A dense fog rolled over Chicago's Soldier Field during the 2nd quarter, cutting visibility to about 15–20 yards for the rest of the game. Philadelphia moved the ball effectively all day and Eagles quarterback Randall Cunningham had 407 passing yards despite the low visibility; but they could not get the ball into the end zone. Many players complained that they could not see the sidelines or first-down markers. The Bears ended up winning 20–12. The game eventually was named #3 on NFL Top 10's Weather Games.The game was also notable in that it involved head coaches who had been previously worked on the same staff of a Super Bowl winning team. Eagles coach Buddy Ryan had been the defensive coordinator for Mike Ditka on the Bears when the team won Super Bowl XX. An NFL Network special on the game highlighted how unusual the conditions were: the fog was caused by a very rare late-December mix of cold and hot air in the atmosphere, and the fog itself covered a very small part of Chicago (less than 15 city blocks) for a very short amount of time (less than three hours). If the game had been played in the late afternoon or at night, there would have been no fog during the game at all.

History of the Chicago Cardinals

The professional American football team now known as the Arizona Cardinals previously played in Chicago, Illinois as the Chicago Cardinals from 1920 to 1959 before relocating to St. Louis, Missouri for the 1960 season.

Museum Campus

Museum Campus is a 57-acre (23 ha) park in Chicago that sits alongside Lake Michigan in Grant Park and encompasses five of the city's most notable attractions: the Adler Planetarium, America's first planetarium; the Shedd Aquarium; the Field Museum of Natural History; Soldier Field, home of the NFL Chicago Bears football team; and the Lakeside Center of McCormick Place. Museum Campus sits adjacent to Northerly Island along the waterfront.

Rogers Field (Washington)

Rogers Field was an outdoor athletic stadium in the northwest United States, on the campus of Washington State University in Pullman, Washington. It was the home venue of the WSU Cougars football and track teams until severely damaged by a fire in April 1970. Demolished in early 1971, Rogers Field was replaced by the concrete Martin Stadium, which was built on the same site and opened in 1972.

Soldier Field succession and navigation boxes

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