Solar eclipse of October 24, 1995

A total solar eclipse occurred on October 24, 1995. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. The path of totality went through Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, southwestern tip of Bangladesh, Burma, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Spratly Islands, northeastern tip of Sabah of Malaysia, Philippines and Indonesia.

An aerial observation of this eclipse was done over India,[1] when a MiG-25 reconnaissance aircraft of the Indian Air Force was used to take images of this eclipse at an altitude of 25 km.[2]

Solar eclipse of October 24, 1995
Hao WLCC 941103
Corona during total solar eclipse by Fred Espenak from Dundlod, India
SE1995Oct24T
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.3518
Magnitude 1.0213
Maximum eclipse
Duration 130 sec (2 m 10 s)
Coordinates 8°24′N 113°12′E / 8.4°N 113.2°E
Max. width of band 78 km (48 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse 4:33:30
References
Saros 143 (22 of 72)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9498

Related eclipses

Solar eclipses 1993-1996

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.

Solar eclipse series sets from 1993–1996
Descending node   Ascending node
Saros Map Saros Map
118 May 21, 1993
SE1993May21P
Partial
123 November 13, 1993
SE1993Nov13P
Partial
128 May 10, 1994
SE1994May10A
Annular
133
Diamond Ring, Total Solar Eclipse, Bolivia, 1994 (3183977692)
Totality at Bolivia
November 3, 1994
SE1994Nov03T
Total
138 April 29, 1995
SE1995Apr29A
Annular
143
Hao WLCC 941103
Totality at Dundlod, India
October 24, 1995
SE1995Oct24T
Total
148 April 17, 1996
SE1996Apr17P
Partial
153 October 12, 1996
SE1996Oct12P
Partial

Solar 143

It is a part of Saros cycle 143, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, containing 72 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on March 7, 1617 and total event from June 24, 1797 through October 24, 1995. It has hybrid eclipses from November 3, 2013 through December 6, 2067, and annular eclipses from December 16, 2085 through September 16, 2536. The series ends at member 72 as a partial eclipse on April 23, 2873. The longest duration of totality was 3 minutes, 50 seconds on August 19, 1887.[3]

Series members 17–28 occur between 1901 and 2100
17 18 19
SE1905Aug30T
August 30, 1905
SE1923Sep10T
September 10, 1923
SE1941Sep21T
September 21, 1941
20 21 22
SE1959Oct02T
October 2, 1959
SE1977Oct12T
October 12, 1977
SE1995Oct24T
October 24, 1995
23 24 25
SE2013Nov03H
November 3, 2013
SE2031Nov14H
November 14, 2031
SE2049Nov25H
November 25, 2049
26 27 28
SE2067Dec06H
December 6, 2067
SE2085Dec16A
December 16, 2085

Metonic series

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).

21 eclipse events between August 12, 1942 and August 11, 2018
August 10-12 May 30 March 18 January 4-5 October 23-24
115 117 119 121 123
SE1942Aug12P
August 12, 1942
SE1946May30P
May 30, 1946
SE1950Mar18A
March 18, 1950
SE1954Jan05A
January 5, 1954
SE1957Oct23T
October 23, 1957
125 127 129 131 133
SE1961Aug11A
August 11, 1961
SE1965May30T
May 30, 1965
SE1969Mar18A
March 18, 1969
SE1973Jan04A
January 4, 1973
SE1976Oct23T
October 23, 1976
135 137 139 141 143
SE1980Aug10A
August 10, 1980
SE1984May30A
May 30, 1984
SE1988Mar18T
March 18, 1988
SE1992Jan04A
January 4, 1992
SE1995Oct24T
October 24, 1995
145 147 149 151 153
SE1999Aug11T
August 11, 1999
SE2003May31A
May 31, 2003
SE2007Mar19P
March 19, 2007
SE2011Jan04P
January 4, 2011
SE2014Oct23P
October 23, 2014
155
SE2018Aug11P

August 11, 2018

In popular culture

Phil Whitaker's prize-winning debut novel Eclipse of the Sun published in 1997 and set in India has at its centre a dramatic attempt to organize a public viewing of the eclipse.

Notes

  1. ^ The MIGnificient Flying Machines - MiG-25R Bharat Rakshak.com 22 August 2017
  2. ^ Bhatnagar, A; Livingston, William Charles (2005). Fundamentals of Solar Astronomy. World Scientific. p. 157. ISBN 9812382445.
  3. ^ Espenak, F. "NASA - Catalog of Solar Eclipses of Saros 143". eclipse.gsfc.nasa.gov.

References

Photos:

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