Solar eclipse of March 29, 2006

A total solar eclipse occurred on March 28–29, 2006. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. It was visible from a narrow corridor which traversed half the Earth. The magnitude, that is, the ratio between the apparent sizes of the Moon and that of the Sun, was 1.052, and it was part of Saros 139.

Solar eclipse of March 29, 2006
Diamondring-eclipse-March03-29-2006
Totality from Side, Turkey
SE2006Mar29T
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.3843
Magnitude 1.0515
Maximum eclipse
Duration 247 sec (4 m 7 s)
Coordinates 23°12′N 16°42′E / 23.2°N 16.7°E
Max. width of band 184 km (114 mi)
Times (UTC)
(P1) Partial begin 7:36:50
(U1) Total begin 8:34:20
Greatest eclipse 10:12:23
(U4) Total end 11:47:55
(P4) Partial end 12:45:35
References
Saros 139 (29 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9521

Visibility

Solar eclipse animate (2006-Mar-29)
Animated path

The path of totality of the Moon's shadow began at sunrise in Brazil and extended across the Atlantic to Africa, traveling across Ghana, the southeastern tip of Ivory Coast, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Libya, and a small corner of northwest Egypt, from there across the Mediterranean Sea to Greece (Kastellórizo) and Turkey, then across the Black Sea via Georgia, Russia, and Kazakhstan to Western Mongolia, where it ended at sunset. A partial eclipse was seen from the much broader path of the Moon's penumbra, including the northern two-thirds of Africa, the whole of Europe, and Central Asia.

Observations

People around the world gathered in areas where the eclipse was visible to view the event. The Manchester Astronomical Society, the Malaysian Space Agency, the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, as well as dozens of tour groups met at the Apollo temple and the theater in Side, Turkey. The San Francisco Exploratorium featured a live webcast from the site, where thousands of observers were seated in the ancient, Roman-style theater.[1]

Almost all actively visited areas in the path of totality had perfect weather. Many observers reported an unusually beautiful eclipse, with many or all effects visible, and a very nice corona, despite the proximity to the solar minimum. The partial phase of the eclipse was also visible from the International Space Station, where the astronauts on board took spectacular pictures of the moon's shadow on Earth's surface. It initially appeared as though an orbit correction set for the middle of March would bring the ISS into the path of totality, but this correction was postponed.

Gallery

Totality libya 2006

Sahara, Libya, 12:11 local time (10:11 UTC)

Eclipse Sol 290306 Valencia

Valencia, Spain, 12:16 local time (10:16 UTC)

Smolyan-eclipse

Smolyan, Bulgaria, 13:30 local time (10:30 UTC)

Diamondring-eclipse-March03-29-2006

Side, Turkey, 13:55 local time (10:55 UTC)

Eclipse fromISS 2006-03-29

International Space Station over Turkey and Cyprus, 13:57 local time (10:57 UTC)

Eclipse 29032006

Berkhamsted, England, 12:01 local time (11:01 UTC)

Eclipsenovosib

Novosibirsk, Russia, 18:42 local time (11:42 UTC)

Eclipse krasnoyarsk 29 03 2006

Krasnoyarsk, Russia, 20:21 local time (12:11 UTC)

Zatm lagan

Kalmykia, Russia, 16:22 local time (12:22 UTC)

20060329sequence

Degania A, Israel: The Solar Eclipse

Animation eclipse

Satellite failure

The satellite responsible for SKY Network Television, a New Zealand pay TV company, failed the day after this eclipse at around 1900 local time. While SKY didn't directly attribute the failure to the eclipse, they said in a media release that it took longer to resolve the issue because of it, but this claim was refuted by astronomers. The main reason for the failure was because of an aging and increasingly faulty satellite.[2]

Related eclipses

This solar eclipse was preceded by the penumbral lunar eclipse on March 14, 2006.

Solar eclipses 2004–2007

This eclipse is a member of a semester series. An eclipse in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.[3]

Solar eclipse series sets from 2004–2007
Ascending node   Descending node
Saros Map Saros Map
119 2004 April 19
SE2004Apr19P
Partial (south)
124 2004 October 14
SE2004Oct14P
Partial (north)
129
Solar eclipse at sunset (2937676527)
Partial from Pico Naiguatá
2005 April 8
SE2005Apr08H
Hybrid
134
Ecl-ann
Annular from Madrid, Spain
2005 October 3
SE2005Oct03A
Annular
139
Diamondring-eclipse-March03-29-2006
Total from Side, Turkey
2006 March 29
SE2006Mar29T
Total
144
Helder da Rocha - Partial solar eclipse (by-sa)
Partial from São Paulo, Brazil
2006 September 22
SE2006Sep22A
Annular
149
Solar Eclipse (3445137697)
From Jaipur, India
2007 March 19
SE2007Mar19P
Partial (north)
154
Eclipse solar 02 (1359795781)
From Córdoba, Argentina
2007 September 11
SE2007Sep11P
Partial (south)

Saros 139

It is a part of saros series 139, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, 8 hours, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on May 17, 1501. It contains hybrid eclipses on August 11, 1627 through December 9, 1825 and total eclipses from December 21, 1843 through March 26, 2601. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 3, 2763. Members in the same column are one exeligmos apart and thus occur in the same geographic area.

The solar eclipse of June 13, 2132 will be the longest total solar eclipse since July 11, 1991 at 6 minutes, 55 seconds.

The longest duration of totality will be produced by member 39 at 7 minutes, 29 seconds on July 16, 2186.[4] This is the longest solar eclipse computed between 4000BC and 6000AD.[5]

Series members 24–39 occur between 1901 and 2100
24 25 26
SE1916Feb03T
February 3, 1916
SE1934Feb14T
February 14, 1934
SE1952Feb25T
February 25, 1952
27 28 29
SE1970Mar07T
March 7, 1970
SE1988Mar18T
March 18, 1988
SE2006Mar29T
March 29, 2006
30 31 32
SE2024Apr08T
April 8, 2024
SE2042Apr20T
April 20, 2042
SE2060Apr30T
April 30, 2060
33 34 35
SE2078May11T
May 11, 2078
SE2096May22T
May 22, 2096
SE2114Jun03T
June 3, 2114
36 37 38
SE2132Jun13T
June 13, 2132
SE2150Jun25T
June 25, 2150
SE2168Jul05T
July 5, 2168
39
SE2186Jul16T

July 16, 2186

Metonic series

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).

21 eclipse events, progressing from north to south between June 10, 1964, and August 21, 2036
June 10–11 March 27–29 January 15–16 November 3 August 21–22
117 119 121 123 125
SE1964Jun10P
June 10, 1964
SE1968Mar28P
March 28, 1968
SE1972Jan16A
January 16, 1972
SE1975Nov03P
November 3, 1975
SE1979Aug22A
August 22, 1979
127 129 131 133 135
SE1983Jun11T
June 11, 1983
SE1987Mar29H
March 29, 1987
SE1991Jan15A
January 15, 1991
SE1994Nov03T
November 3, 1994
SE1998Aug22A
August 22, 1998
137 139 141 143 145
SE2002Jun10A
June 10, 2002
SE2006Mar29T
March 29, 2006
SE2010Jan15A
January 15, 2010
SE2013Nov03H
November 3, 2013
SE2017Aug21T
August 21, 2017
147 149 151 153 155
SE2021Jun10A
June 10, 2021
SE2025Mar29P
March 29, 2025
SE2029Jan14P
January 14, 2029
SE2032Nov03P
November 3, 2032
SE2036Aug21P
August 21, 2036

Notes

  1. ^ Total Solar Eclipse: Live from Turkey in 2006
  2. ^ Press release by Sky TV. Solar eclipse interferes with satellite restoration Archived 2005-02-10 at the Wayback Machine. Friday, 31 March 2006.
  3. ^ van Gent, R.H. "Solar- and Lunar-Eclipse Predictions from Antiquity to the Present". A Catalogue of Eclipse Cycles. Utrecht University. Retrieved 6 October 2018.
  4. ^ Saros Series Catalog of Solar Eclipses NASA Eclipse Web Site.
  5. ^ Ten Millennium Catalog of Long Solar Eclipses, -3999 to +6000 (4000 BCE to 6000 CE) Fred Espenak.

References

Photos:

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