Solar eclipse of July 16, 2186

There will be a solar eclipse on July 16, 2186, which will be the longest total eclipse for thousands of years. The eclipse will pass over the southern Galápagos Islands (with a total eclipse of 4 minutes occurring over the southern tip of Española Island), the northern tip of Ecuador (with a total eclipse of 3 minutes and 26 seconds on Isla Santa Rosa), central Colombia (4 minutes and 50 seconds over Bogota), central Venezuela, and northern Guyana (7 minutes and 4 seconds just north of Anna Regina).[1]

Solar eclipse of July 16, 2186
SE2186Jul16T
Map
Type of eclipse
NatureTotal
Gamma-0.2396
Magnitude1.0805
Maximum eclipse
Duration449 sec (7 m 29 s)
Coordinates7°24′N 46°30′W / 7.4°N 46.5°W
Max. width of band267 km (166 mi)
Times (UTC)
Greatest eclipse15:14:54
References
Saros139 (39 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000)9933

Extreme duration

Solar eclipse greatest eclipse July 16 2186
267 km diameter shadow at greatest eclipse
Solar saros 139 duration graph
Saros 139 member durations

This will be the longest total solar eclipse between the dates of 4000 BC and at least AD 8000 (12,000 years), lasting a maximum of 7 minutes, 29 seconds. The factors that will make this such a long eclipse are:

  • The Earth being very near aphelion (furthest away from the Sun in its elliptical orbit, making its angular diameter nearly as small as possible). This occurs around July 6th.
  • The Moon being almost exactly at perigee (making its angular diameter as large as possible). The moment of greatest eclipse will be just 50 minutes after perigee.[2]
  • The midpoint of the eclipse being very close to the Earth's equator, where the Earth's rotational velocity is greatest.
  • The midpoint of the eclipse being near the subsolar point (the part of the Earth closest to the Sun, and therefore also closest to the Moon during an eclipse).
  • The vector of the eclipse path at the midpoint of the eclipse aligning with the vector of the Earth's rotation (i.e. not diagonal but due east). For solar eclipses at the ascending node (odd numbered saros) this occurs approximately 12 days after the summer solstice.[3][4]

The longest historical total eclipse lasted 7 minutes 28 seconds on June 15, 744BC.[5] The longest eclipse theoretically possible for the 3rd millennium is 7 minutes and 32 seconds.[6]

Related eclipses

Saros 139

It is a part of saros series 139, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, 8 hours, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on May 17, 1501. It contains hybrid eclipses on August 11, 1627 through December 9, 1825 and total eclipses from December 21, 1843 through March 26, 2601. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 3, 2763. Members in the same column are one exeligmos apart and thus occur in the same geographic area.

The solar eclipse of June 13, 2132 will be the longest total solar eclipse since July 11, 1991 at 6 minutes, 55 seconds.

The longest duration of totality will be produced by member 39 at 7 minutes, 29 seconds on July 16, 2186.[7] This is the longest solar eclipse computed between 4000BC and 6000AD.[8]

Series members 24–39 occur between 1901 and 2100
24 25 26
SE1916Feb03T
February 3, 1916
SE1934Feb14T
February 14, 1934
SE1952Feb25T
February 25, 1952
27 28 29
SE1970Mar07T
March 7, 1970
SE1988Mar18T
March 18, 1988
SE2006Mar29T
March 29, 2006
30 31 32
SE2024Apr08T
April 8, 2024
SE2042Apr20T
April 20, 2042
SE2060Apr30T
April 30, 2060
33 34 35
SE2078May11T
May 11, 2078
SE2096May22T
May 22, 2096
SE2114Jun03T
June 3, 2114
36 37 38
SE2132Jun13T
June 13, 2132
SE2150Jun25T
June 25, 2150
SE2168Jul05T
July 5, 2168
39
SE2186Jul16T

July 16, 2186

References

  1. ^ Total Solar Eclipse of 2186 July 16 - Interactive Eclipse Path Using Google Maps NASA Eclipse Website, Fred Espenak.
  2. ^ "Lunar Perigee and Apogee Calculator".
  3. ^ Meeus, J. (December 2003). "The maximum possible duration of a total solar eclipse". Journal of the British Astronomical Association. 113 (6): 343–348. Bibcode:2003JBAA..113..343M. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
  4. ^ M. Littman, et al.
  5. ^ Ten Millennium Catalog of Long Solar Eclipses, -3999 to +6000 (4000 BCE to 6000 CE) Fred Espenak.
  6. ^ Mark Littman; Fred Espenak; Ken Wilcox (2008). "A Quest to Understand". Totality: Eclipses of the Sun (3rd ed.). New York: Oxford University Press Inc. ISBN 0-19-953209-5. "Eclipse expert Jean Meeus calculates the maximum possible eclipse duration of totality in a solar eclipse is currently 7 minutes 32 seconds.
  7. ^ Saros Series Catalog of Solar Eclipses NASA Eclipse Web Site.
  8. ^ Ten Millennium Catalog of Long Solar Eclipses, -3999 to +6000 (4000 BCE to 6000 CE) Fred Espenak.

External links

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