Solar eclipse of April 8, 2024

A total solar eclipse will take place on Monday, April 8, 2024, visible across North America. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between Earth and the Sun, thereby totally or partly obscuring the image of the Sun for a viewer on Earth. A total solar eclipse occurs when the Moon's apparent diameter is larger than the Sun's, blocking all direct sunlight, turning day into darkness. Totality occurs in a narrow path across Earth's surface, with the partial solar eclipse visible over a surrounding region thousands of kilometres wide. With a magnitude of 1.0566, its longest duration of totality will be of four minutes and 28 seconds near the town of Nazas, Durango, Mexico, and the nearby city of Torreón, Coahuila.

This eclipse will be the first total solar eclipse to be visible from Canada since February 26, 1979,[1] the first in Mexico since July 11, 1991,[2] and the first in the U.S. since August 21, 2017.

It will be the only total solar eclipse in the 21st century where totality is visible in Mexico, the United States of America, and Canada.[3]

Solar eclipse of April 8, 2024
SE2024Apr08T
Map
Type of eclipse
Nature Total
Gamma 0.3431
Magnitude 1.0566
Maximum eclipse
Duration 268 sec (4 m 28 s)
Location Nazas, Durango, Mexico
Coordinates 25°18′N 104°06′W / 25.3°N 104.1°W
Max. width of band 198 km (123 mi)
Times (UTC)
(P1) Partial begin 15:42:07
(U1) Total begin 16:38:44
Greatest eclipse 18:18:29
(U4) Total end 19:55:29
(P4) Partial end 20:52:14
References
Saros 139 (30 of 71)
Catalog # (SE5000) 9561

Visibility

SE2024Apr08T
Animation of path

Totality will be visible in a narrow strip in North America, beginning at the Pacific coast, then ascending in a northeasterly direction through Mexico, the United States, and Canada, before ending in the Atlantic Ocean.

Mexico

In Mexico, totality will pass through the states of Sinaloa (including Mazatlán), Durango (including Durango and Gómez Palacio) and Coahuila (including Torreón, Matamoros, Monclova, Sabinas, Ciudad Acuña and Piedras Negras).

United States

In the United States, totality will be visible through the states of Texas (including parts of San Antonio, Austin, and Fort Worth and all of Arlington, Dallas, Killeen, Temple, Texarkana, Tyler and Waco), Oklahoma, Arkansas (including Hot Springs, Jonesboro, and Little Rock), Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky, Indiana (including Bloomington, Evansville, Indianapolis, Muncie, Terre Haute, and Vincennes), a very small area of Michigan, Ohio (including Akron, Dayton, Lima, Roundhead, Toledo, Cleveland, Warren, Newton Falls and Austintown), Pennsylvania (including Erie), Upstate New York (including Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, the Adirondacks, Potsdam, and Plattsburgh), and northern Vermont (including Burlington), New Hampshire, and Maine,[4][5] with the line of totality going almost directly over the state's highest point Mount Katahdin. The largest city entirely in the path will be Dallas, Texas. It will be the second total eclipse visible from the central United States in just 7 years, after the eclipse of August 21, 2017.

Canada

In Canada, the path of totality will pass over parts of Southern Ontario (including, Leamington, Hamilton, Niagara Falls, Kingston and Cornwall), parts of southern Quebec (including Montreal, Sherbrooke and the Mont Mégantic Observatory),[6] central New Brunswick (including Fredericton and Miramichi),[7] western Prince Edward Island (including Tignish and Summerside),[8] and central Newfoundland (including Gander and Grand Falls-Windsor). Then, it will vanish on the eastern Atlantic coast of Newfoundland. (Some of the Canadian cities listed, such as Hamilton and Montreal, are on an edge of the path of totality. Windsor, London, Toronto and Ottawa lie just north of the path of totality, and Moncton lies just south of it.)

Related eclipses

The path of this eclipse will cross the path of the prior total solar eclipse of August 21, 2017, with the intersection of the two paths being in southern Illinois, in Makanda, just south of Carbondale.[9] The cities of Benton, Carbondale, Chester, Harrisburg, Marion, and Metropolis in Illinois; Cape Girardeau, Farmington, and Perryville in Missouri, as well as Paducah, Kentucky, will be within a roughly 9,000 square mile intersection of the paths of totality of both the 2017 and 2024 eclipses, therefore earning the rare distinction of being witness to two total solar eclipses within a span of seven years.

Solar eclipses 2022–2025

Each member in a semester series of solar eclipses repeats approximately every 177 days and 4 hours (a semester) at alternating nodes of the Moon's orbit.

Solar eclipse series sets from 2022-2025
Ascending node   Descending node
119 April 30, 2022
SE2022Apr30P
Partial
124 October 25, 2022
SE2022Oct25P
Partial
129 April 20, 2023
SE2023Apr20H
Hybrid
134 October 14, 2023
SE2023Oct14A
Annular
139 April 8, 2024
SE2024Apr08T
Total
144 October 2, 2024
SE2024Oct02A
Annular
149 March 29, 2025
SE2025Mar29P
Partial
154 September 21, 2025
SE2025Sep21P
Partial

Saros 139

It is a part of saros series 139, repeating every 18 years, 11 days, 8 hours, containing 71 events. The series started with partial solar eclipse on May 17, 1501. It contains hybrid eclipses on August 11, 1627 through December 9, 1825 and total eclipses from December 21, 1843 through March 26, 2601. The series ends at member 71 as a partial eclipse on July 3, 2763. Members in the same column are one exeligmos apart and thus occur in the same geographic area.

The solar eclipse of June 13, 2132 will be the longest total solar eclipse since July 11, 1991 at 6 minutes, 55 seconds.

The longest duration of totality will be produced by member 39 at 7 minutes, 29 seconds on July 16, 2186.[10] This is the longest solar eclipse computed between 4000BC and 6000AD.[11]

Series members 24–39 occur between 1901 and 2100
24 25 26
SE1916Feb03T
February 3, 1916
SE1934Feb14T
February 14, 1934
SE1952Feb25T
February 25, 1952
27 28 29
SE1970Mar07T
March 7, 1970
SE1988Mar18T
March 18, 1988
SE2006Mar29T
March 29, 2006
30 31 32
SE2024Apr08T
April 8, 2024
SE2042Apr20T
April 20, 2042
SE2060Apr30T
April 30, 2060
33 34 35
SE2078May11T
May 11, 2078
SE2096May22T
May 22, 2096
SE2114Jun03T
June 3, 2114
36 37 38
SE2132Jun13T
June 13, 2132
SE2150Jun25T
June 25, 2150
SE2168Jul05T
July 5, 2168
39
SE2186Jul16T

July 16, 2186

Tritos series

This eclipse is a part of a tritos cycle, repeating at alternating nodes every 135 synodic months (≈ 3986.63 days, or 11 years minus 1 month). Their appearance and longitude are irregular due to a lack of synchronization with the anomalistic month (period of perigee), but groupings of 3 tritos cycles (≈ 33 years minus 3 months) come close (≈ 434.044 anomalistic months), so eclipses are similar in these groupings.

Series members between 1901 and 2100
SE1904Mar17A
March 17, 1904
(Saros 128)
SE1915Feb14A
February 14, 1915
(Saros 129)
SE1926Jan14T
January 14, 1926
(Saros 130)
SE1936Dec13A
December 13, 1936
(Saros 131)
SE1947Nov12A
November 12, 1947
(Saros 132)
SE1958Oct12T
October 12, 1958
(Saros 133)
SE1969Sep11A
September 11, 1969
(Saros 134)
SE1980Aug10A
August 10, 1980
(Saros 135)
SE1991Jul11T
July 11, 1991
(Saros 136)
SE2002Jun10A
June 10, 2002
(Saros 137)
SE2013May10A
May 10, 2013
(Saros 138)
SE2024Apr08T
April 8, 2024
(Saros 139)
SE2035Mar09A
March 9, 2035
(Saros 140)
SE2046Feb05A
February 5, 2046
(Saros 141)
SE2057Jan05T
January 5, 2057
(Saros 142)
SE2067Dec06H
December 6, 2067
(Saros 143)
SE2078Nov04A
November 4, 2078
(Saros 144)
SE2089Oct04T
October 4, 2089
(Saros 145)
SE2100Sep04T
September 4, 2100
(Saros 146)

Metonic series

The metonic series repeats eclipses every 19 years (6939.69 days), lasting about 5 cycles. Eclipses occur in nearly the same calendar date. In addition, the octon subseries repeats 1/5 of that or every 3.8 years (1387.94 days).

21 eclipse events between June 21, 1982, and June 21, 2058
June 21 April 8-9 January 26 November 13-14 September 1-2
117 119 121 123 125
SE1982Jun21P
June 21, 1982
SE1986Apr09P
April 9, 1986
SE1990Jan26A
January 26, 1990
SE1993Nov13P
November 13, 1993
SE1997Sep02P
September 2, 1997
127 129 131 133 135
SE2001Jun21T
June 21, 2001
SE2005Apr08H
April 8, 2005
SE2009Jan26A
January 26, 2009
SE2012Nov13T
November 13, 2012
SE2016Sep01A
September 1, 2016
137 139 141 143 145
SE2020Jun21A
June 21, 2020
SE2024Apr08T
April 8, 2024
SE2028Jan26A
January 26, 2028
SE2031Nov14H
November 14, 2031
SE2035Sep02T
September 2, 2035
147 149 151 153 155
SE2039Jun21A
June 21, 2039
SE2043Apr09T
April 9, 2043
SE2047Jan26P
January 26, 2047
SE2050Nov14P
November 14, 2050
SE2054Sep02P
September 2, 2054
157
SE2058Jun21P

June 21, 2058

Other solar eclipses crossing the United States

Notable total and annular solar eclipse crossing the United States from 1900 to 2050:

Total Total Total Annular Total Annular Total Annular
SE1918Jun08T
Jun 8, 1918
SE1954Jun30T
Jun 30, 1954
SE1979Feb26T
Feb 26, 1979
SE1994May10A
May 10, 1994
SE2017Aug21T
Aug 21, 2017
SE2023Oct14A
Oct 14, 2023
SE2045Aug12T
Aug 12, 2045
SE2048Jun11A
Jun 11, 2048

References

  1. ^ Dickinson, Terence (August 3, 2017). "Canada's last solar eclipse in 1979". Maclean's. Retrieved August 24, 2017.
  2. ^ Total Solar Eclipse in Mexico, 1991 (in Spanish). National Autonomous University of Mexico. Retrieved 2009-04-02.
  3. ^ "Location of Total Solar Eclipse of April 8, 2024". GreatAmericanEclipse.com. Retrieved 9 September 2017.
  4. ^ Gore, Leada (August 22, 2017). "Solar eclipse 2024: Best U.S. cities to see the next total solar eclipse". The Birmingham News. Retrieved February 11, 2018.
  5. ^ Eliasen, Terry (August 21, 2017). "Next Solar Eclipse Puts New England In Path Of Totality". CBS Boston. Retrieved February 11, 2018.
  6. ^ "August 21st Solar Eclipse". Astrolab du parc national du Mont-Mégantic. Retrieved August 29, 2017. Prepare for the next Total Solar Eclipse, on April 8th, 2024. The totality will pass directly in Mont-Mégantic National Park and it's ASTROLab !
  7. ^ Fowler, Shane (August 23, 2017). "Prime location to view total eclipse in 7 years? New Brunswick". CBC News. Woodstock and Miramichi will spend the most time in the dark with totality durations of 3:17 and 3:09. Fredericton will experience about 2:21 minutes of totality. Moncton, Saint John and Bathurst will just miss out on experiencing a total technical blackout, but will still see 98 to 99 per cent of the sun disappear.
  8. ^ Yarr, Kevin (August 23, 2017). "P.E.I. on the path for 2024 total solar eclipse". CBC News. Retrieved August 29, 2017. Totality will cover the Island from about Summerside and west, with the centre of the path crossing over North Cape.
  9. ^ "Total Solar Eclipse 2017 - Path Overlap with the 2024 Eclipse". eclipse2017.org. Retrieved 2017-09-01.
  10. ^ Saros Series Catalog of Solar Eclipses NASA Eclipse Web Site.
  11. ^ Ten Millennium Catalog of Long Solar Eclipses, -3999 to +6000 (4000 BCE to 6000 CE) Fred Espenak.

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