Società Italiana Ernesto Breda

Società Italiana Ernesto Breda, more usually referred to simply as Breda, was an Italian mechanical manufacturing company founded by Ernesto Breda in Milan in 1886.

Società Italiana Ernesto Breda
IndustryEngineering
SuccessorAnsaldoBreda
BredaMenarinibus
Founded1886
HeadquartersItaly
ProductsTransport aircraft
Bombers
Experimental planes
Air force trainers
Seaplanes
Ship
Locomotives
SubsidiariesBreda Meccanica Bresciana
IMAM
WebsiteBreda

History

The firm was founded by Ernesto Breda in Milan in 1886. It originally manufactured locomotives and other railway machinery, but later branched out into armaments and aircraft. Occasionally, not continuously, the company also built trolleybuses. In 1935, it acquired the railway division of Officine Ferroviarie Meridionali and, soon afterwards, the aircraft division of the same company.

In 1962, Breda was nationalised as part of EFIM, but was liquidated in the 1990s. The train and tram manufacturing division fused with Ansaldo to form AnsaldoBreda, the armaments division became an independent entity as Breda Meccanica Bresciana, as did the research division as Istituto Scientifico Breda.

Products

Milano Torre Breda
Breda Tower in Milan, the company's headquarters
Ernesto Breda 1929
Warrant of the Società Italiana Ernesto Breda per Costruzioni Meccaniche, issued 1. February 1929

Aircraft

Rolling stock

Ernesto Breda
Ernesto Breda, c. 1920

Locomotives

Multiple units

Trolleybuses

The production of trolleybuses was a small part of Breda's output, carried out through its subsidiary Breda Costruzioni Ferroviarie (it), and was not under way continuously. Between 1936 and 1940, the company built a total of 28 trolleybuses, most for the Rome system but including six for Genoa.[2] At various times between 1938 and 1956, more trolleybuses were built, but totalling only 16. Production resumed in 1988. Almost all of Breda's customers for trolleybuses were Italian trolleybus systems, but a notable exception was an order of 236 dual-mode buses that Breda built for the Seattle system between 1988 and 1991.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ "old STEAM LOCOMOTIVES in South Africa". steam-locomotives-south-africa.blogspot.it. July 2009. Retrieved 2013-04-12.
  2. ^ a b Murray, Alan (2000). World Trolleybus Encyclopaedia. Yateley, Hampshire, UK: Trolleybooks. p. 106. ISBN 0-904235-18-1.

Further reading

  • Luigi Giugni, Le imprese a partecipazione statale, Naples, Jovene, 1972
  • Pasquale Saraceno, Il sistema delle imprese a partecipazione statale nell'esperienza italiana, Milano, Giuffrè, 1975
  • Bruno Amoroso - Ole Jess Olsen, Lo stato imprenditore, Bari, Laterza, 1978
  • Nico Perrone, Il dissesto programmato. Le partecipazioni statali nel sistema di consenso democristiano, Bari, Dedalo, 1991
  • Nico Perrone, Italian and American Patterns in a Conflictive Development, Roskilde, Roskilde Universitetscenter, 1992
  • La Breda produce, mostra fotografica, dal sito dell’Istituto per la Storia dell’Età Contemporanea [1]
  • La linea del fuoco[2]
  • Gunston, Bill (1993). World Encyclopedia of Aircraft Manufacturers. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. p. 56.

External links

Breda-SAFAT machine gun

Breda-SAFAT (Società Italiana Ernesto Breda per Costruzioni Meccaniche / Breda Meccanica Bresciana - Società Anonima Fabbrica Armi Torino) was an Italian weapons manufacturer of the 1930s and 1940s that designed and produced a range of machine-guns and cannon primarily for use in aircraft. Based on the M1919 Browning machine gun, the Italian guns were chambered to fire indigenous ammunition with 7.7 mm (0.303 in) and 12.7 mm (0.500 in) calibres, predominantly ball, tracer for the 7.7mm, including high-explosive-incendiary-tracer (HEIT) (filled with 0.8 grams of PETN), or armour-piercing (AP) for the 12.7mm.

Breda A.14

The Breda A.14 was a prototype three-engined biplane, designed by Società Italiana Ernesto Breda as a night bomber in 1928. The aircraft was proposed to the Regia Aeronautica, but failed assessments, and was abandoned. The aircraft was designed to solve the flight problems experienced on the A.8. The A.14 was tested in 1928, powered by three 340 kW (450 hp) Alfa Romeo Jupiter engines. Although performance was improved, the Regia Aeronautica decided not to accept the A.14. To make up for the costs, it was suggested that a demilitarised version be sold to civilians, but a lack of civilian interest resulted in the abandonment of the project.

Breda A.2

The Breda A.2 was a small sport and touring aircraft developed in Italy in 1921.

Breda A.8

The Breda A.8 was a prototype twin-engined biplane, designed by Società Italiana Ernesto Breda, as a night bomber in 1927.

Breda Ba.25

The Breda Ba.25 was an Italian two-seat biplane trainer designed and built by the Breda company. It was the most widely used Italian basic trainer of the 1930s.

Breda Ba.39

The Breda Ba.39, a touring and liaison aircraft designed and built in Italy, was a scaled-up version of the Breda Ba.33, achieving some success in sporting events, and distance flights.

Breda Ba.44

The Breda Ba.44 was a biplane airliner developed in Italy in the mid-1930s and which saw limited military service when impressed into the Regia Aeronautica as transports.

Breda Ba.46

The Breda Ba.46 was a three engined Italian bomber transport, developed from a similar but lower powered civil transport. It was designed in Italy in the mid-1930s for colonial policing but not put into production.

Breda Ba.75

The Breda Ba.75 was an Italian prototype two-seat reconnaissance and ground-attack aircraft designed and built by the Società Italiana Ernesto Breda. Only one aircraft was built and the type did not enter production.

Breda Ba.79S

The Breda Ba.79S was a single-engine four-seat high-wing private aircraft built in Italy in the late 1930s. Only a few were produced.

Breda Model 1931 machine gun

The Breda Model 31 was a widely used Italian heavy machine gun produced by Società Italiana Ernesto Breda and used by the Italian Navy and Italian Army during World War II. At sea it was employed as a light anti-aircraft gun, while on land it was mounted on armored command vehicles where it was used as a heavy machine gun. After World War II it remained in use aboard the patrol boats of the Guardia di Finanza.

Breda Model 35

The Cannone-Mitragliera da 20/65 modello 35 (Breda), also known as Breda Model 35, was a 20 mm anti-aircraft gun produced by the Società Italiana Ernesto Breda of Brescia company in Italy and used during World War II. It was designed in 1932 and was adopted by the Italian armed forces in 1935. It was the one of two 20-millimetre-calibre anti-aircraft guns used by Italy during World War II, the other being the 20 mm Scotti. Both weapons fired the 20x138mmB cartridge.

FS Class E.330

The FS Class E.330 was a small class of three-phase electric locomotive used in Italy, introduced in the 1910s.

FS Class ETR 200

The ETR 200 (for "Elettro Treno Rapido 200", Italian language meaning "Rapid Electric Train series 200") is an Italian electric multiple unit (EMU) introduced in 1936.

On July 20, 1939 the ETR 200 number 12 obtained the world record average speed, between Bologna and Milan.

FS Class ETR 240

The ETR 240 (Italian: ElettroTreno Rapido 240; meaning Fast Electric Train, series 240) is an Italian electric multiple unit (EMU) introduced in the 1980s.

Hitachi Rail Italy

Hitachi Rail Italy S.p.A. (HRI) is a rail transport engineering company based in Italy whose main products are the design and manufacturing of railway and mass transit vehicles.

Formerly AnsaldoBreda S.p.A., a subsidiary of Finmeccanica, the company was sold in 2015 to Hitachi Rail along with the 40% share of Ansaldo STS that Finmeccanica owned. After the deal was finalized, the current name was adapted in November 2015 to reflect the new ownership.

IMAM

IMAM (Industrie Meccaniche e Aeronautiche Meridionali) was an Italian aircraft manufacturer founded in 1923. In 1955 it merged into Aerfer.

South African type KT tender

The South African type KT tender was a steam locomotive tender.

The Type KT tender first entered service in 1925, as tenders to the Class 15CB Big Bill 4-8-2 Mountain type and Class 16D Big Bertha 4-6-2 Pacific type steam locomotives which were acquired by the South African Railways in that year.

Tebaldi-Zari

The Tebaldi-Zari was an Italian fighter prototype of 1919. The Breda company later acquired the rights to it.

Aircraft produced by Società Italiana Ernesto Breda
Breda
Breda-Pittoni
Breda-Zappata
Tebaldi-Zari

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