A sołectwo [sɔˈwɛt͡stfɔ] (listen) (Polish plural: sołectwa) is an administrative unit in Poland, an optional subdivision of a gmina. In many cases it consists of one village, but sometimes large villages may be divided into several sołectwos, while in other cases one sołectwo may consist of several villages or hamlets. Like the dzielnica and osiedle, a sołectwo is an auxiliary unit (jednostka pomocnicza) of a gmina. Only rural locations are assigned to sołectwos, while the comparable administrative unit in town is either dzielnica or osiedle.
The elected head of a sołectwo is a sołtys (both office and its name being derived from the German Schultheiß). In Polish villages the house of the current holder of that post is customarily marked with a red plaque bearing the word SOŁTYS. The sołtys may be assisted by an elected sołectwo council (rada sołecka).Aleksandrów (sołectwo Wąsosz)
Aleksandrów [alɛkˈsandruf] is a village in the sołectwo of Wąsosz, in the administrative district of Gmina Koniecpol, within Częstochowa County, Silesian Voivodeship, in southern Poland. It lies approximately 8 kilometres (5 mi) south of Koniecpol, 41 km (25 mi) east of Częstochowa, and 71 km (44 mi) north-east of the regional capital Katowice.
The village has a population of 120. There is also another Aleksandrów in the gmina, having sołectwo status.Brzana Górna
Brzana Górna [ˈbʐana ˈɡurna] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Bobowa, within Gorlice County, Lesser Poland Voivodeship, in southern Poland. It lies approximately 4 kilometres (2 mi) north-west of Bobowa, 21 km (13 mi) north-west of Gorlice, and 79 km (49 mi) south-east of the regional capital Kraków. The village has a population of 600.
The name Brzana Górna means "Upper Brzana". The village and Brzana Dolna ("Lower Brzana") make up a single sołectwo called Brzana.Dzielnica
In the Polish system of local administration, a dzielnica [d͡ʑelˈɲit͡sa] (Polish plural dzielnice) is an administrative subdivision or quarter of a city or town. A dzielnica may have its own elected council (rada dzielnicy, or dzielnica council), and those of Warsaw each have their own mayor (burmistrz). Like the osiedle and sołectwo, a dzielnica is an auxiliary unit (jednostka pomocnicza) of a gmina. These units are created by decision of the gmina council, and do not have legal personality in their own right.
The subsidiary units of many towns and cities are called osiedles rather than dzielnicas, although it is also possible for osiedles to exist within a dzielnica. Numbers and sizes of dzielnicas vary significantly between cities. Warsaw has 18 dzielnicas, as does Kraków; Gdańsk has 34, Gdynia 22, Lublin 27, Katowice 22 and Szczecin 4. Some cities are no longer formally divided into dzielnicas, although formerly existing dzielnicas continue to be referred to as such and serve as areas of jurisdiction for administrative offices. Łódź, Wrocław and Poznań are each divided into five districts of this type.
The word dzielnica is also used informally in Polish to refer to any distinct part of a town or city. Historically it can also refer to a region of the country, in particular any of the five principalities into which Poland was divided following the death of Bolesław III Wrymouth in 1138; see Testament of Bolesław III Krzywousty.Dąbrowa (Rościn)
Dąbrowa [dɔmˈbrɔva] is a settlement in the administrative district of Gmina Myślibórz, within Myślibórz County, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, in north-western Poland. It is part of the sołectwo of Rościn.
Before 1945 the area was part of Germany. For the history of the region, see History of Pomerania.Glinnik, Gmina Zgierz
Glinnik [ˈɡlinnik] (german: Lehmfeld; 1943-1945) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Zgierz, within Zgierz County, Łódź Voivodeship, in central Poland. It lies approximately 6 kilometres (4 mi) north-east of Zgierz and 12 km (7 mi) north of the regional capital Łódź.In 2005 the village had a population of 70. It is the seat of the sołectwo of Glinnik, which also includes the villages Palestyna, Samotnik, Siedlisko and Wołyń. The sołectwo had a population of 224 in 2005.It is not to be confused with the nearby village of the same name in Gmina GłownoGmina Gilowice
Gmina Gilowice is a rural gmina (administrative district) in Żywiec County, Silesian Voivodeship, in southern Poland. Its seat is the village of Gilowice, which lies approximately 7 kilometres (4 mi) east of Żywiec and 65 km (40 mi) south of the regional capital Katowice. Its only other village having sołectwo status is Rychwałd.
The gmina covers an area of 28.15 square kilometres (10.9 sq mi), and as of 2006 its total population is 5,667.Gmina Koszarawa
Gmina Koszarawa is a rural gmina (administrative district) in Żywiec County, Silesian Voivodeship, in southern Poland, on the Slovak border. Its seat is the village of Koszarawa, part of which forms a separate sołectwo called Koszarawa Bystra.
The gmina covers an area of 31.24 square kilometres (12.1 sq mi), and as of 2006 its total population is 2,493.Gmina Złoczew
Gmina Złoczew is an urban-rural gmina (administrative district) in Sieradz County, Łódź Voivodeship, in central Poland. Its seat is the town of Złoczew, which lies approximately 23 kilometres (14 mi) south-west of Sieradz and 73 km (45 mi) south-west of the regional capital Łódź.
The gmina covers an area of 118.02 square kilometres (45.6 sq mi), and as of 2006 its total population is 7,398 (out of which the population of Złoczew amounts to 3,403, and the population of the rural part of the gmina is 3,995).Gromada
Gromada [ɡrɔˈmada] is a Polish word meaning "gathering", "group", or "assembly". In the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the term referred to a village organization which embraced all the inhabitants of a village and acted as a local authority, as well as overseeing tax payments. In this sense the gromada developed between the 16th and 18th centuries, and continued to function in Congress Poland. Their chiefs took the title of sołtys and were elected by the local population.
The gromada continued to function in interwar Poland, as a subdivision of a gmina.
In communist Poland between 1954 and 1972, gromadas constituted the lowest tier of local government, taking over the role previously played by gminas. A gromada would generally consist of several villages, but they were smaller units than the gminas had been. In 1973 gminas were reintroduced and gromadas abolished. At present the smallest unit of local government in rural Poland (subordinate to the gmina) is the sołectwo.
A gromada is a former Polish unit of local government e.g.
Gromada Tursko WielkieKowalewo-Sołectwo
Kowalewo-Sołectwo [kɔvaˈlɛvɔ sɔˈwɛt͡stfɔ] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Słupca, within Słupca County, Greater Poland Voivodeship, in west-central Poland.Lućmierz-Las
Lućmierz-Las (pronounced [ˈlut͡ɕmjɛʂ ˈlas], Lućmierz Forest) is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Zgierz, within Zgierz County, Łódź Voivodeship, in central Poland. It lies approximately 6 kilometres (4 mi) north-west of Zgierz and 14 km (9 mi) north-west of the regional capital Łódź.The village has a population of 20. Along with the neighbouring settlement of Lućmierz-Ośrodek the village forms the Sołectwo Lućmierz. The first mention of Lućmierz appeared in 1391.Mokrosęk
Mokrosęk ([mɔˈkrɔsɛŋk]; Latin: Mokrosang) is a village and sołectwo in the administrative district of Gmina Jedlińsk, within Radom County, Masovian Voivodeship, in the east-central Poland. Sołectwo Mokrosęk contains two villages: Mokrosęk and Gryzów.Ochaby
Ochaby (German: Ochab) is a sołectwo in Gmina Skoczów, Cieszyn County, Silesian Voivodeship, southern Poland. It has a population of about 2,128. It consists of two villages: Ochaby Wielkie and Ochaby Małe. It is known from a large horse stud farm, one of the largest in Silesia.Osiedle
Osiedle [ɔˈɕɛdlɛ] (Polish plural: osiedla) is a term used in Poland to denote a designated subdivision of a city or town, or of a dzielnica, with its own council and executive. Like the dzielnica and sołectwo, an osiedle is an auxiliary unit (jednostka pomocnicza) of a gmina. These units are created by decision of the gmina council, and do not have legal personality in their own right. In the case of an urban-rural gmina, it is also possible for a whole town to be designated an auxiliary unit.
Not all Polish cities or towns have osiedles in the above sense. However the word osiedle is also frequently used to denote any housing estate or development. (In this sense it sometimes appears in addresses, where the abbreviation "Os." is commonly used.)Osiedle Słoneczne
Osiedle Słoneczne [ɔˈɕɛdlɛ swɔˈnɛt͡ʂnɛ] is a settlement in the administrative district of Gmina Chojnice, within Chojnice County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It is approximately 10 kilometres (6 mi) south of Chojnice and 109 km (68 mi) southwest of the regional capital of Gdańsk. It belongs to the sołectwo of Ogorzeliny.
For details on the region's history, see History of Pomerania.Piecewo, Pomeranian Voivodeship
Piecewo [pjɛˈt͡sɛvɔ] is a settlement in the administrative district of Gmina Wejherowo, within Wejherowo County, Pomeranian Voivodeship, in northern Poland. It lies approximately 10 kilometres (6 mi) south-east of Wejherowo and 28 km (17 mi) north-west of the regional capital Gdańsk. It belongs to the sołectwo of Bieszkowice.Serwitut (sołectwo Czarna)
Serwitut [sɛrˈvitut] is a small village in the administrative district of Gmina Złoczew, within Sieradz County, Łódź Voivodeship, in the central area of Poland.Serwitut (sołectwo Stolec)
Serwitut [sɛrˈvitut] is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Złoczew, within Sieradz County, Łódź Voivodeship, in central Poland.Władysławowo
Władysławowo [vwadɨswaˈvɔvɔ] (Kashubian/Pomeranian: Wiôlgô Wies, German: Großendorf) is a town on the south coast of the Baltic Sea in Kashubia in the Pomerelia region, northern Poland, with 15,015 (2009) inhabitants.
It was named after King Władysław IV Vasa, who initiated the construction of the Polish Navy.