Smoko

"Smoko" (also "smoke-o" or "smoke-oh") is a term used in Australian, New Zealand and Falkland Islands English for a short, often informal break taken during work or military duty, although the term can also be used to describe any short break such as a rest or a coffee/tea break. Among sheep shearers in Australia, "smoko" is a mid-morning break, between breakfast and lunch, in which a light meal may be eaten.[1]

There is a town in Victoria, Australia called Smoko, which "gained its name in the 1850s because gold seekers regularly stopped here for a smoke and a rest on their way to and from the goldfields".[2]

The term is believed to have originated in the British Merchant Navy,[3] and was in use as early as 1865.[4] The term is still in use in the British Merchant Navy today. The tradition of a smoko in the Australian sense seems to have begun amongst sheep shearers in the 1860s.[5]

Although a slang term, the word "smoko" has been used in government writing and industrial relations reports to mean a short work break.[6]

The term "smoko" has found an American foothold after being popularized by the Australian pub-punk band The Chats.[7]

AWLA smoko time
A painting titled Smoko time with the AWLA

Smoko as an Australian institution

The smoko break in Australia has become an institution symbolic of working culture and even of workers' rights. The Australian Industrial Relations Commission has arbitrated cases of industrial action over workers' entitlement to a smoko break.[8]

There are, however, considerable health and productivity concerns about smoke breaks, and non-smoking workers are sometimes concerned that their smoking colleagues take more time on breaks.[9]

In 2006, the Australian government's Department of Industry, Tourism and Resources banned the "smoko" from its Canberra offices,[10] prompting then Health Minister Tony Abbott to declare that the "smoko has had its day".[11] In January 2010 the Health Department announced a ban on its employees taking cigarette breaks.[12]

References

  1. ^ McDonald, Roger (1992). Shearers' Motel. Sydney: Picador. ISBN 0-330-27351-5.
  2. ^ Mevissen, Andrew (4 June 2006). "Weird place names". The Age. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  3. ^ Lind, Lewis James (1982). Sea Jargon: A Dictionary of the Unwritten Language of the Sea. Sydney: Kangaroo Press. ISBN 0-949924-22-9.
  4. ^ Ayto, J.; Simpson, J., eds. (1992). The Oxford Dictionary of Modern Slang. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  5. ^ "The Australian Tobacco Timeline" (PDF). University of Sydney. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 October 2009. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  6. ^ "Glossary of common industrial relations terms". Department of Employment and Industrial Relations (Queensland). Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  7. ^ "Smoko by The Chats". YouTube. 3 October 2017. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  8. ^ "Application to Stop or Prevent Industrial Action". Australian Industrial Relations Commission. 17 October 2002. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  9. ^ "Workplace 'smoko' unfair". The Sydney Morning Herald. 22 October 2003. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  10. ^ McKenzie, Sheena (7 October 2006). "Ban the smoko? No way, gasp diehard smokers". The Age. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  11. ^ "Abbott says smoko has had its day". The Age. 6 October 2006. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
  12. ^ Wallace, Natasha (13 January 2010). "Health Department bans staff smoke breaks". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 29 September 2018.
2MCE

2MCE FM Bathurst is a local community radio station, located on the campus of Charles Sturt University in Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia. It broadcasts to the communities of Bathurst and Orange and their surrounds.2MCE FM is supported by CSU's School of Communication in conjunction with the local community, and operates two frequencies:

92.3 MHz in the Bathurst area (including Oberon), broadcasting from a transmitter atop Mount Panorama, with a power output of 1,000 watts.

94.7 MHz in the Orange area, broadcasting from a transmitter atop Mount Canobolas, with a power output of 500 watts.

32 Zel/Planet Shrooms

32 Zel/Planet Shrooms is the debut double EP by American rapper Denzel Curry. It was released on June 9, 2015 by C9 Records. The album features guest appearances from Mike Dece, Twelve'len, Big Rube, Nell, J.K. the Reaper, Leonardo Safari and Fortebowie. The album was supported by the two singles: "Ultimate" and "Ice Age" featuring Mike Dece.

On October 14, 2016, 32 Zel/Planet Shrooms along with Nostalgic 64 was removed from iTunes and streaming services and was later replaced by Denzel's second studio album Imperial. He states that they will return soon and will be remastered. On September 22, 2017, a remastered version of 32 Zel with re-recorded vocals was released to iTunes and streaming services. Notable differences include "Ultimate" (feat. Juicy J) [Remix] and "Ice Age", which now lacks a Mike Dece feature.

.Notes

^[a] signifies a co-producer

^[b] signifies an additional producer

"Delusional Shone" features background vocals by Vares of Twelve'len.

Chazezesa Challengers

Chazezesa Challengers are a Zimbabwean Sungura music band formed in 1993 under the direction of the late System Tazvida in Chitungwiza. System, a Khiama Boys alumnus, grew sick of not receiving his fair share of royalties and decided to form his own band. Both his stints in Khiama Boys and the Sungura Boys had ended without any financial compensation. He recruited some experienced musicians, including his bassist brother Peter. The band of five are veterans of the Zimbabwe music scene. His brother Peter is a Nyami Nyami Sounds alumnus. Guitarist LeeRoy Lunga had played with both the Super Sounds and the Kasongo Band, while percussionist Lucky Mumiriki had experience with the Hurungwe Sounds and the Sungura Boys. The group is also known as Boyz DzeSmoko.

Falkland Islands English

Falkland Islands English is mainly British in character. However, as a result of the isolation of the islands, the small population has developed and retains its own accent/dialect, which persists despite a large number of immigrants from the United Kingdom in recent years. In rural areas (i.e. anywhere outside Stanley), known as ‘Camp’ (from Spanish campo or ‘countryside’), the Falkland accent tends to be stronger. The dialect has resemblances to Australian, New Zealand, West Country and Norfolk dialects of English, as well as Lowland Scots.

Two notable Falkland Island terms are ‘kelper’ meaning a Falkland Islander, from the kelp surrounding the islands (sometimes used pejoratively in Argentina) and ‘smoko’, for a smoking break (as in Australia and New Zealand).

The word ‘yomp’ was used by the British armed forces during the Falklands War but is passing out of usage.

In recent years, a substantial Saint Helenian population has arrived, mainly to do low-paid work, and they too have a distinct form of English.

Frenzal Rhomb

Frenzal Rhomb is an Australian punk rock band that formed in 1992, with Jason Whalley on lead vocals and rhythm guitar during this entire period. In 1996, Lindsay McDougall joined the line-up on lead guitar and backing vocals. Three of the group's albums have entered the top 20 on the ARIA Albums Chart: A Man's Not a Camel (1999), Hi-Vis High Tea (2017) and Smoko At The Pet Food Factory (2011). Hi-Vis High Tea reached 9th position in the charts, sandwiched between two Ed Sheeran albums. The group has supported Australian tours by The Offspring, Bad Religion, NOFX, and Blink-182. Frenzal Rhomb have also toured in the United States (US), United Kingdom (UK), Canada, Japan, South Africa, Israel and Taiwan.

Kami (rapper)

Kene Ekwunife (born January 5, 1993), better known by his stage names Kami (sometimes stylized as KAMI) and Kami de Chukwu, is an American rapper from Chicago, Illinois. He is one half of Leather Corduroys. He is one of the founding members of Savemoney. He was included on RedEye's "5 Chicago acts to watch in 2017" list, as well as Fact's "10 rappers to watch in 2018" list.

Karl Alvarez

Karl Matthew Alvarez (born March 10, 1964) is an American bassist and songwriter for both the Descendents and All, the band that resulted after the Descendents disbanded again in 1987.

Alvarez joined the Descendents after the Enjoy! album from his previous bands The Massacre Guys and Bad Yodelers, and played on all of the All albums, and the Descendents albums All, Everything Sucks, Cool To Be You and "Hypercaffium Spazzinate". He plays finger style bass and provides backing vocals when live (and lead vocals as heard in "Cause" on the All Live Plus One album). Since joining the band he has been a major songwriter contributing many songs to All (both the album and the band), Everything Sucks and Cool To Be You. In the summer of 2006 he joined Gypsy Punk band Gogol Bordello for part of the Van's Warped Tour and the Reading and Leeds Festivals. Karl currently plays guitar and sings in Endless Monster and the Vultures.

Since 2004 Karl has played with The Last along with Descendents/All drummer Bill Stevenson. He is currently a singer in a band called Endless Monster.In 2006 Karl played on The Lemonheads self-titled comeback album which was released on Los Angeles' Vagrant Records.

During their last two Canadian tours (in 2007 and 2009), Karl filled in on bass for Canadian celtic-punk group The Real McKenzies.Australian punk band Frenzal Rhomb wrote a song about Karl, on their 2011 album, Smoko At The Pet Food Factory, called "Alvarez".

Karl suffered a mild heart attack on August 11, 2007.

List of kakapo

Every known living kakapo, except some young chicks, has been given a name by Kakapo Recovery Programme officials. Many of the older birds were given English language names, but more recent chicks have been given Māori names. Some kakapo, such as Richard Henry and Moorhouse, are named after people who have provided assistance to the preservation efforts. A Kakapo interactive family tree is available.

Quarterthing

Quarterthing (stylized as QUARTERTHING) is the debut studio album by Chicago rapper Joey Purp. It was released on September 7, 2018. Music videos have been created for "Bag Talk" and "Aw Sh*t.

Shire of Bright

The Shire of Bright was a local government area about 280 kilometres (174 mi) east-northeast of Melbourne, the state capital of Victoria, Australia. The shire covered an area of 3,108 square kilometres (1,200.0 sq mi), and existed from 1862 until 1994.

Smoko, Victoria

Smoko is a locality in north east Victoria, Australia. The locality is in the Alpine Shire local government area, 337 kilometres (209 mi) north east of the state capital, Melbourne. The town "gained its name in the 1850s because gold seekers regularly stopped here for a smoke and a rest on their way to and from the goldfields".

At the 2016 census, Smoko had a population of 46.

Smoko Mount

Smoko Mount is a mountain on East Falkland, Falkland Islands. "Smoko" is Falkland Islands English for a smoking break.

Smoko at the Pet Food Factory

Smoko at the Pet Food Factory is a 2011 album by the Australian punk band Frenzal Rhomb. It was recorded in Colorado, USA, with Bill Stevenson as producer and was released in Australia on Shock Records on August 19, and in the USA on Fat Wreck Chords on October 11.

The album's name is a double reference: in Australia, a smoko is a popular term for a short, informal cigarette break and Bill Stevenson's Blasting Room studio where the album was recorded is located next to a pet food processing factory the smell of which permeates the surrounding area.

System Tazvida

Funuel Nyasha Tazvida, best known as System Tazvida, was a Zimbabwean musician born on the 2nd May 1968 in Zaka Masvingo (Fort Victoria ) during the Rhodesia era the modern day Zimbabwe. Very popular in his home country mainly in the 1990s, though not as well known internationally. System Tazvidas music was sang more in a satirical manner but was very pregnant with meaning and was more of a social commentator on various issues that affect people in their day to day living. Tazvida wrote and performed songs mainly in his native Shona language.

The song which put him in the lime light was Mabhauwa which he sang together with Khiama boys system was on vocals . This song used to be played in nightclubs of Zimbabwe and all kinds of places such as pubs.

Tazvida was best known for his hits Anodyiwa Haataure and Mushandi Ndimambo. However, it was his 1993 hit Rudo Tsika Nemagariro which propelled him to national stardom.

Tazvida had played with various bands including the Khiama Boys, the Mabhauwa Express and the Sungura Boys before he formed the Chazezesa Challengers. The Challengers included his brothers Peter Tazvida on bass, Isaac Tazvida on backing vocals, Lucky Mumiriki on Rhythm a former member of Nyami Nyami Sounds, Hurungwe Sounds and the Sungura Boys, Roggers Fatiya a former member of Titus Zihute on Drums and his young brother Last Fatiya who also played with Titus zihute was on Lead guitar. Guitarist LeeRoy Lunga, who had played with the Super Sounds and the Kasongo Band joined Chazezesa Challengers in 1997 after the hit Anodyiwa Haataure. In 1997 Roggers Fatiya, Last Fatiya and young Tazvida, Isaac Tazvida left the group then Roy Lunga became the Lead guitarist and backing vocalist.

The band blended elements of sungura, jazz, South African mbaqanga and traditional music. They recorded several successful albums in the mid-to-late 1990s, their first being Rudo Tsika Nemagariro, which sold more than 20,000 copies. Their album Mutunhu Unemago sold more than 30,000 copies. Popular songs included Anodyiwa Haature, Mabhauwa, and Vaforomani. They were also popular in Mozambique, and toured there.

The band experienced two deaths in quick succession, as drummer Wezhira Shoko and talismanic leader System Tazvida both died near the turn of the millennium. The group has continued without System and Wezhira. Since their deaths they have produced three albums, including the tribute record Panopfungaira Pane Moto in honour of their former leader. The band assumed a new name, Boyz dzeSmoko, in which "Smoko" is an acronym for "simple music of Kanindo origin", the name Tazvida gave to his style of music. System's successor and younger brother Peter died in 2002. The group continued under the leadership of Lee Roy Lunga and released their twelfth album, Smoko Pachena/Chabvondoka, in December 2002.

His Influence has led to the remaking of some of his popular hits with the notable popularity of Chindidawo a remake of Babe Rakanaka done by one of Zimbabwe's rising artist and producer Casper BeatzSystem Tazvida was married to Barbara Mabuyaye but nothing is known to most of the people whether he had children.

Albums

Rudo Tsika nemagariro 1994

Mutunhu unemago 1995

Wadenha Mago 1996

Watosvorwa 1997

Huni Nyoro Mumoto 1998

Rimi Remoto 1999

System Tazvida & Chazezesa Challengers Hits ‎ 2005

The Best of Tazvida Irombe Weshira Singles Collection 2006

Taihape railway station

Taihape railway station in Taihape, New Zealand was an important intermediate station on the North Island Main Trunk line, with a refreshment room, marshalling yard and locomotive depot. The station was opened for goods from 4 August 1904 and for passengers from 1 November 1904. The NIMT was opened to through Auckland to Wellington trains from 9 November 1908, with the first NIMT express trains from 14 February 1909.

After closing from 10 April 2005, the station was reopened for passengers for a twelve months trial period from 23 October 2009.The marshalling yard and locomotive depot operated until the late 1970s. A banker locomotive was added to trains proceeding over the long incline across the central plateau. A turntable was available to turn around locomotives, but it was dismantled and removed in the early 1980s. The goods shed and locomotive depot were at the south end of the rail yard. The New Zealand Railways Road Services bus depot was alongside the railway station.

In 1999 Tranz Rail demolished the historic Taihape railway station. The Refreshment Rooms remained on the former station platform, as did the goods shed and locomotive depot compound at the south end of the Yard.

After a long period of fund-raising by Rotary, the loco turntable was re-purchased and installed, so that special trains can run to Taihape and turn around for the return run. A local engineering company installed an old steam whistle operated by compressed air; which has become the town smoko signal, sounding at 10am, noon, and 3pm. Tourists often mistake the sound for a steam engine at the station.

The Autobiography (Vic Mensa album)

The Autobiography is the debut studio album by American rapper Vic Mensa. The album was released on July 28, 2017, by Roc Nation and Capitol Records. The album features guest appearances from Weezer, Syd, The-Dream, Chief Keef, Joey Purp, Pharrell Williams, Saul Williams, Ty Dolla Sign and Pusha T. The album was released for streaming, a week early from its release date via NPR.

The Chats

The Chats are an Australian punk rock band from Sunshine Coast, Queensland. The band is best known for their song "Smoko" and its music video, which went viral.The Chats is composed of Josh Price on guitar and backing vocals, Matt Boggis on drums, and Eamon Sandwith on bass and lead vocals. The band takes its name from the Sydney suburb of Chatswood. They have cited Australian bands Cosmic Psychos, Dune Rats and Eddy Current Suppression Ring as major influences, and coined the term "shed rock" to describe their sound.

There's Alot Going On

There's Alot Going On is the debut extended play (EP) by American rapper Vic Mensa. It was released on June 3, 2016, by Roc Nation. It serves as a prelude for his upcoming debut album.

U Mad

"U Mad" is a single by American rap artist Vic Mensa, featuring fellow rapper Kanye West. It was released on April 20, 2015 as a non-album single.

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