Skellow

Skellow is a village in rural South Yorkshire part of the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, the village is roughly six miles north-north west of Doncaster. The village falls in the Askern Spa Ward of Doncaster MBC. To the north and south is mixed farmland, the A1 runs immediately along the western edge of the village, and to the east Skellow merges with the adjacent village of Carcroft along the B1220.

Skellow
Skellow is located in South Yorkshire
Skellow
Skellow
Location within South Yorkshire
Population4,103 (2001)
OS grid referenceSE522102
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townDONCASTER
Postcode districtDN6
Dialling code01302
PoliceSouth Yorkshire
FireSouth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament

Geography

The village derives its name from the River Skell which flows from the nearby village of Skelbrooke, through the locally named 'Five Lanes End' area of Skellow where it joins the Ea Beck, a tributary of the River Don, of which it joins near the former Thorpe Marsh Power Station at Barnby Dun. The village lies on the north side of the east-west Ea Beck valley. To the north-east with access from the village is Burghwallis.

Skellow is well served for open public spaces, with a range of small and medium-sized parks scattered through both the modern housing estates to the west and the older former council estates which border Carcroft. Today most of the western half of Skellow is occupied by a patchwork of late 20th century housing estates.

History

During the English Civil War, Cromwell placed a cannon battery at the village to protect the Great North Road. The mounds for the cannon still remain and the surrounding area of cottages and 15th century inn (now known as the 'Bridge House') remain to this day.

On the east bank of the Skell lies old Skellow, a cluster of older houses facing Skellow Hall. The hall was originally built in 1642 and is now in use as a residential care home for the elderly.

Godfrey Higgins was the son of the owner of much of the land, known as Skellow Grange, of what is now Skellow village.

The church of Saint Michael located in the village is a sister church to the nearby Grade I listed All Saints, Owston.

Coal mining

Further east is a sizeable former council housing estate which is in a generally good state of repair, and a good example of the coal mining related social housing developments typical of southern part of the West Riding in the early to mid-20th century. This area is the heart of the village, containing most of the local amenities including various shops and the local primary school. Several local clubs exist on the sites of former working men's clubs, and the area has an active local nightlife including live music events.

Coal mining in the area ceased in the 1980s but some remnants from the industry are visible in the area, including winding wheel relics at Bullcroft. Demographic evidence of the former mining community is also evident in both higher than average levels of unemployment, and a strong sense of community with residents knowing their neighbours and those that live around them.

External links

A1(M) motorway

A1(M) is the designation given to a series of four separate motorway sections in England. Each section is an upgrade to a section of the A1, a major North-South road, which connects London, the capital of England, with Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. The first section, the Doncaster Bypass, opened in 1961 and is one of the oldest sections of motorway in Britain. Construction of a new section of A1(M) between Leeming and Barton was completed on 29 March 2018, a year later than the anticipated opening in 2017 due to extensive archaeological excavations. Its completion linked the Barton to Washington section with the Darrington to Leeming Bar section, forming the longest A1(M) section overall and reducing the number of sections from five to four.

There has been a proposal to renumber the section of A1(M) to M1 between Micklefield to Washington, making this section a northern extension of the M1.

Adwick railway station

Adwick railway station serves the communities of Adwick-le-Street and Carcroft, in the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster, South Yorkshire, England. Located on the line linking Leeds to Doncaster via Wakefield, immediately south-east of the point where it passes beneath Church Lane, the present station is the second to serve Adwick: the first, the main building of which still stands, lay on the other side of the present road bridge.

Carcroft

Carcroft is a rural village and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster, South Yorkshire, England. Historically part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, the village is roughly six miles north-north west of Doncaster. At the time of the 2011 Census the village fell within the ward of Adwick in the Doncaster MBC.

Castles in South Yorkshire

While there are many castles in South Yorkshire, the majority are manor houses and motte-and-bailey which were commonly found in England after the Norman Conquest.

Doncaster

Doncaster (, ) is a large town in South Yorkshire, England. Together with its surrounding suburbs and settlements, the town forms part of the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster, which had a mid-2017 est. population of 308,900. The town itself has a population of 109,805 The Doncaster Urban Area had a population of 158,141 in 2011 and includes Doncaster and neighbouring small villages. Part of the West Riding of Yorkshire until 1974, Doncaster is about 17 miles (30 km) north-east of Sheffield, with which it is served by an international airport, Doncaster Sheffield Airport in Finningley. Under the Local Government Act 1972, Doncaster was incorporated into a newly created metropolitan borough in 1974, itself incorporated with other nearby boroughs in the 1974 creation of the metropolitan county of South Yorkshire.

Hanging Wood, South Yorkshire

Hanging Wood is also known as Highfields Wood. It is situated between the old Great North Road and the Roman Road, and between the mining villages of Highfields and Woodlands. The Woodlands wildlife park and an ornamental lake, Highfields Lake are features of the wood, as is Woodlands, a former country house, now a social club.

Woodlands is an early 20th-century model village, built for the miners at Brodsworth Colliery.

Hanging Wood was part of Barnsdale Forest, where the original Robin Hood ballads are set. There is a Robin Hood's stream rises near the Roman Road at Highfields approximately 200 yards east of the Cinder path between Highfields and Woodlands and flows into the river Pick or (Pick burn) which itself flows into Highfields Lake.

Hanging Wood was reputedly one of the favourite 'hold up' spots for the 17th Century Highwayman William Nevison (Swift Nick,Black Bob).

The London to York Stage coach had to negotiate a small valley at the point where the Roman Ridge crossed over the Pick Burn in Hangingwood due to having to reduce speed to negotiate this natural obstacle the Stage coaches had to reduce speed to walking pace which made them vulnerable to ambush in what is still an isolated location.

There is a record of one such attack in the Archives at Doncaster Council where a 'Hue and Cry' (Posse) was raised and said highwayman chased to Owston Village via Skellow before he evaded his pursuers.

The Ghost of a 'Headless Horseman' allegedly haunts the Roman Ridge at Hanging wood.

Joan Croft Halt railway station

Joan Croft Halt railway station was a small halt on the East Coast Main Line (ECML) situated by a level crossing at Joan Croft Junction in South Yorkshire, England. The junction gives access from the ECML to the Skellow line of the West Riding and Grimsby Railway and eventually to Hull, Immingham and Grimsby Docks.

The halt consisted of two flanking platforms to the south of the level crossing, with brick-built station buildings on the York-bound side. These buildings still stand in private use. The station was set in the countryside, with just a few cottages situated either side at some distance.

The station was not shown in railway timetables as it was only for the use of platelayers and crossing keepers (and their families) to enable them to get into, and out of, Doncaster for weekend shopping.The station opened circa 1920 and closed in the 1950s.

In May 2011, Network Rail applied to the Infrastructure Planning Commission for permission to construct a North Doncaster chord to link two lines, the Askern line and the Skellow line, with a viaduct passing above Joan Croft junction. The aim of the project was to eliminate the need to use the ECML for slow-moving, westbound bulk freight trains from the Humber ports, in particular, coal from Immingham to Ferrybridge power station. As part of the proposed works, the Joan Croft level crossing was closed and replaced by a road bridge. Closing the level crossing allowed engineers to lower the overhead wires on the ECML (because the wires no longer had to be higher than the highest road vehicle plus a safety margin), thus allowing the new railway viaduct to be constructed at a lower level. The new 2.0-mile (3.2 km) chord opened to traffic on 1 June 2014.

Len White

Leonard Roy "Len" White (23 March 1930 – 17 June 1994) was an English professional footballer who played as a centre-forward, most noted for playing at Newcastle United. He is Newcastle United's third highest goalscorer of all-time.

List of schools in Doncaster

This is a list of schools in the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster in the English county of South Yorkshire.

List of settlements in South Yorkshire by population

This is a list of settlements in South Yorkshire by population based on the results of the 2011 census. The next United Kingdom census will take place in 2021. In 2011, there were 34 built-up area subdivisions with 5,000 or more inhabitants in South Yorkshire, shown in the table below.

Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster

The Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster is a metropolitan borough of South Yorkshire in Yorkshire and the Humber Region of England.

In addition to the town of Doncaster, the borough covers the towns of Mexborough, Conisbrough, Thorne, Bawtry and Tickhill.

The borough was created on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, as a merger of the former county borough of Doncaster along with the urban districts of Adwick le Street, Bentley with Arksey, Conisbrough, Mexborough, Tickhill along with Doncaster Rural District and Thorne Rural District, the parish of Finningley from East Retford Rural District and small parts of the parish of Harworth from Worksop Rural District from Nottinghamshire.

Robin Hood's Well

Robin Hood's Well is at Skellow, South Yorkshire, England by the old Great North Road, in what was known as Barnsdale or Barnsdale Forest.

The well was moved from its original location when the dual carriageway alongside it was built. Hence it is no longer a real well, and has a solid concrete base.

Shap Stone Avenue

The Shap Stone Avenue (an unofficial name) is a megalithic complex near Shap in Cumbria comprising stone circles, a two-mile avenue (actually two avenues) of stones, and burial mounds.

South Kirkby Football League

The South Kirkby Football League was an amateur, English association football league based in South Kirkby, West Yorkshire, and surrounding area.

Twilight Robbery

Twilight Robbery by Frances Hardinge, is a children's or young adults' comic fantasy novel by Frances Hardinge, published on 4 March 2011 by Macmillan in the UK, and by Harper Collins in the USA. It was shortlisted for the 2011 Guardian Children's Fiction Prize. It is the sequel to Fly by Night, featuring the same protagonist Mosca Mye. It is set in the same grotesque fantasy world of The Realm, which Hardinge describes as bearing some similarity to early 18th century England. The people follow the cult of numerous small deities, known as the Beloved, each sacred in just a few hours in the year. Everyone is named according to the Beloved in whose time they are born.

The novel is mostly located in the town of Toll, which has the only surviving bridge over the Langfeather gorge. Toll’s unique character comes from its division into Toll-by-Day and Toll-by-Night, the two towns time-sharing the same physical space. Residents are assigned to day or night according to their name, aligned to the Beloved they are born under, and must wear a badge showing their classification. For example, Mosca has a night name. Babies must be transferred and adopted if their birth time means their name type will not match their parents’.

Twice a day, at dawn and dusk, the bugle sounds for the 15 minute day/night changeover. The Jinglers lock one population into their sleeping quarters, and then release the other. Doors and trade-signs, even the street pattern, are reorganised at the changeover by use of moving panels. It is traditional that on Saint Yacobray’s night a Clatterhorse roams the town collecting vegetables hung on people’s doors. Nightlings must pay the Jinglers’ tax by putting money in the vegetables.

Toll charges a steep entry toll and separate exit toll, only affordable by the well-off. Exit from Toll-by-Night is twice the day charge. Visitors who pay for entry may stay three days in Toll-by-Day, regardless of their name. If they do not pay for exit, they become residents, and must live in Toll-by-Day or Toll-by-Night according to their name.

Toll has been stable through the political upheavals in the Realm, and its bridge has survived. Most dayfolk superstitiously believe that a charm called the Luck, held in a room at the top of the Clock Tower, keeps them safe. But the mayor relates it to the confinement of troublesome people to Toll-by-Night, supervised by the Locksmiths.

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