Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China

The Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, also referred to as the 2010 Chinese Census, was conducted by the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China with a zero hour of November 1, 2010.[1]

Sixth National Population Census
Sixth China Population Census logo
Simplified Chinese第六次全国人口普查
Traditional Chinese第六次全國人口普查

Census procedure

Census procedure was governed by the Regulations on National Population Census and the Circular of the State Council on the Conduct of the 6th National Population Census.[1] The census cost 700 million RMB.[2]

Results

Total population

第六次人口普查表格
Some of the forms used to collect census data

It found the total population of Mainland China to be 1,339,724,852 persons, an increase of 73,899,804 persons from the previous census conducted in 2000.[3] This represented a growth rate of 5.84% over the decade, and an average annual growth rate of 0.57%. The population undercount rate of the census was estimated at 0.12%. The census also listed the population of Hong Kong Special Administrative Region as 7,097,600 persons, the population of Macau Special Administrative Region as 552,300 persons, and the population of Taiwan as 23,162,123 persons.[1][4]

Population composition and demographics

The census found a total of 401,517,330 family households in Mainland China, with an average of 3.10 persons per household, a decrease of 0.34 persons from the 2000 census. 51.27% of the population is male, and 48.73% is female, giving a male to female ratio of 105.20 men for every 100 women, a decrease from the 2000 figure of 106.74. 49.68% of the population resided in urban areas, and 50.32% resided in rural areas, an increase of 13.46% in the proportion of the urban population. 261,386,075 people had lived in a place different from their household registration for at least six months, with 221,426,652 of these living in a different city from their registration.[1]

16.60% of the population was aged 0–14, 70.14% was aged 15–59, and 13.26% were aged 60 or over. This represented a decrease of 6.29% in the share of the population in the youngest age group, and increases of 3.36% and 2.93% for the 15-59 and 60+ shares, respectively. 91.51% of the population was of the Han Chinese nationality, and 8.49% was of other ethnic groups. The Han population increased by 5.74%, and the population of other groups increased by a combined 6.92%.[1]

Educational attainment

The census found that, in Mainland China, 119,636,790 people had completed higher education, 187,985,979 had completed only senior secondary education, 519,656,445 had completed only junior secondary education, 358,764,003 had completed only primary education, and 54,656,573 were illiterate. Since 2000, out of every 100,000 people, the number with higher education has increased from 3,611 to 8,930, the number with senior secondary education has increased from 11,146 to 14,032, the number with junior secondary education increased from 33,961 to 38,788, and the number of people with only primary education decreased from 35,701 to 26,779. The illiteracy rate declined from 6.72% to 4.08%.[1]

Population distribution

2000-2010 China Population Distribution Change
Map displaying provinces whose population as a proportion of Mainland China's total population increased (green) and decreased (red)
Rank
Administrative region
Population as of
2000 Census
[5]
Population as of
2010 Census[6]
Numerical change
Proportion
2000 Census[6]
Proportion
2010 Census[6]
1 Guangdong 85,225,007 104,303,132 Increase19,078,125 6.83% 7.79%
2 Shandong 89,971,789 95,793,065 Increase5,821,276 7.17% 7.15%
3 Henan 91,236,854 94,023,567 Increase2,786,713 7.31% 7.02%
4 Sichuan 82,348,296 80,418,200 Decrease1,930,096 6.58% 6.00%
5 Jiangsu 73,043,577 78,659,903 Increase5,616,326 5.88% 5.87%
6 Hebei 66,684,419 71,854,202 Increase5,169,783 5.33% 5.36%
7 Hunan 63,274,173 65,683,722 Increase2,409,549 5.09% 4.90%
8 Anhui 58,999,948 59,500,510 Increase500,562 4.73% 4.44%
9 Hubei 59,508,870 57,237,740 Decrease2,271,130 4.76% 4.27%
10 Zhejiang 45,930,651 54,426,891 Increase8,496,240 3.69% 4.06%
11 Guangxi 43,854,538 46,026,629 Increase2,172,091 3.55% 3.44%
12 Yunnan 42,360,089 45,966,239 Increase3,606,150 3.39% 3.43%
13 Jiangxi 40,397,598 44,567,475 Increase4,169,877 3.27% 3.33%
14 Liaoning 41,824,412 43,746,323 Increase1,921,911 3.35% 3.27%
15 Heilongjiang 36,237,576 38,312,224 Increase2,074,648 2.91% 2.86%
16 Shaanxi 35,365,072 37,327,378 Increase1,962,306 2.85% 2.79%
17 Fujian 34,097,947 36,894,216 Increase2,796,269 2.74% 2.75%
18 Shanxi 32,471,242 35,712,111 Increase3,240,869 2.60% 2.67%
19 Guizhou 35,247,695 34,746,468 Decrease501,227 2.78% 2.59%
20 Chongqing 30,512,763 28,846,170 Decrease1,666,593 2.44% 2.15%
21 Jilin 26,802,191 27,462,297 Increase660,106 2.16% 2.05%
22 Gansu 25,124,282 25,575,254 Increase450,972 2.02% 1.91%
23 Inner Mongolia 23,323,347 24,706,321 Increase1,382,974 1.88% 1.84%
24 Shanghai 16,407,734 23,019,148 Increase6,611,414 1.32% 1.72%
25 Xinjiang 18,459,511 21,813,334 Increase3,353,823 1.52% 1.63%
26 Beijing 13,569,194 19,612,368 Increase6,043,174 1.09% 1.46%
27 Tianjin 9,848,731 12,938,224 Increase3,089,493 0.79% 0.97%
28 Hainan 7,559,035 8,671,518 Increase1,112,483 0.62% 0.65%
29 Ningxia 5,486,393 6,301,350 Increase814,957 0.44% 0.47%
30 Qinghai 4,822,963 5,626,722 Increase803,759 0.41% 0.42%
31 Tibet 2,616,329 3,002,166 Increase385,837 0.21% 0.22%
Military 2,498,600 2,300,000 Decrease198,600
Residence Difficult to Determine 4,649,985
National total (excluding below) 1,245,110,826 1,339,724,852 Increase94,614,026 100% 100%
* Hong Kong S.A.R. 6,708,389 7,061,200 Increase352,811
* Macau S.A.R. 431,500 552,300 Increase120,800
* Taiwan Area 22,276,672 23,162,123 Increase885,451

Foreign nationals and residents of Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan

Mainland China Foreign Nationals By Country of Origin 2010
A breakdown of foreign nationals in Mainland China at the time of the census.[7]

The census also recorded 593,832 foreign nationals, 234,829 residents of Hong Kong SAR, 21,201 residents of Macau SAR, and 170,283 residents of Taiwan residing in Mainland China, a total of 1,020,145 additional persons. 605,821 of these were male, and 414,324 were female. Of the foreign nationals, 120,750 were from the Republic of Korea, 71,493 were from the United States, 66,159 were from Japan, 39,776 were from Myanmar, 36,205 were from Vietnam, 19,990 were from Canada, 15,087 were from France, 15,051 were from India, 14,446 were from Germany, and 13,286 were from Australia. The remaining 181,589 were from other countries.[7]

Naturalisation

According to The Economist, China had only 1,448 naturalised Chinese in total at the 2010 census.[8]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census (No. 1)". National Bureau of Statistics of China. April 28, 2011. Archived from the original on November 8, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
  2. ^ Branigan, Tania (November 1, 2010). "China census could be first to record true population". The Guardian. Retrieved May 7, 2011.
  3. ^ This figure excludes foreign nationals, residents of Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macau temporarily staying in Mainland China, and Chinese citizens who have permanently settled abroad, but includes Chinese citizens who were temporarily abroad when the census was taken.
  4. ^ These three figures were obtained from the relevant authorities in each region.
  5. ^ 省、自治区、直辖市的分性别、户口登记状况的人口 (in Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of China. April 2001. Archived from the original on November 15, 2013. Retrieved July 9, 2011.
  6. ^ a b c "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census (No. 2)". National Bureau of Statistics of China. April 29, 2011. Archived from the original on November 14, 2013. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
  7. ^ a b "Major Figures on Residents from Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan and Foreigners Covered by 2010 Population Census". National Bureau of Statistics of China. April 29, 2011. Archived from the original on May 14, 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
  8. ^ Who is Chinese? The upper Han, The Economist, 19 November 2016 (page visited on 19 November 2016).
2010 census

2010 census may refer to:

Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China

2010 Dominican Republic Census

Indonesia 2010 census

2010 Malaysian Census

Russian Census (2010)

2010 Turkish census

2010 United States Census

2010 Zambian censusSixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China

Australians in China

Australians in China include Australian expatriates in China, international students, Chinese Australians as well as Chinese people of Australian descent. In 2001, there were over 55,000 Australians present in China. Out of them, over 2,000 lived in the capital Beijing; an estimated 3,900 in Guangzhou and about 2,500 in Shanghai. Notwithstanding mainland China, the remaining overwhelming 46,000 Australians resided in Hong Kong. By 2010, the number of Australians living in Mainland China had grown to 13,286, according to the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China.

Baohe District

Baohe District (simplified Chinese: 包河区; traditional Chinese: 包河區; pinyin: Bāohé Qū) is a district of Hefei, the capital of Anhui Province, China, located on the northwest shore of Lake Chao. The district has an area of 294.94 km2 (113.88 sq mi) and a population of 817,686 inhabitants. It governs 7 subdistricts and 2 towns.

Changfeng County

Changfeng County (simplified Chinese: 长丰县; traditional Chinese: 長豐縣; pinyin: Chángfēng Xiàn) is a county in the north-central part of Anhui Province, People's Republic of China. It is the northernmost county-level division of Hefei, the provincial capital. The county has a surface of 1,922.24 km2 (742.18 sq mi) and a population of 629,535 inhabitants. It contains 9 towns, 6 townships, and a development zone.

Chuzhou

Chuzhou (Chinese: 滁州; pinyin: Chúzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Anhui Province, China. It borders the provincial capital of Hefei to the south and southwest, Huainan to the west, Bengbu to the northwest, and the province of Jiangsu to the east. According to the 2010 Census, the city of Chuzhou has a registered population of 3,937,868 inhabitants, whom 994,342 lived in the built-up (or metro) area made of 2 urban districts and now Lai'an county largely being urbanized. Nevertheless, 7,260,240 persons declared to be permanent residents.. Its proximity to Nanjing and the building of a 54.4 km Metro line till Nanjing North station is transforming the city in a new Nanjing outer suburb.

Feidong County

Feidong County (simplified Chinese: 肥东县; traditional Chinese: 肥東縣; pinyin: Féidōng Xiàn) is a county to the east of Hefei, Anhui Province, People's Republic of China. The county has a surface of 2,215.53 km2 (855.42 sq mi) and a population of 861,960 inhabitants. It contains 18 towns and 2 development zones.

Feixi County

Feixi County (simplified Chinese: 肥西县; traditional Chinese: 肥西縣; pinyin: Féixī Xiàn) is a county in the central part of Anhui Province, China. It is under the administration of Hefei city. The county has an area of 2,053.19 km2 (792.74 sq mi) and a population of 858,895 inhabitants.

Fifth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China

The Fifth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China took place in AD 2000.

Huangshigang District

Huangshigang District (simplified Chinese: 黄石港区; traditional Chinese: 黃石港區; pinyin: Huángshígǎng Qū) is a district of the city of Huangshi, Hubei province, located on the western (right) bank of the Yangtze River. Edong Bridge is located in this district. In the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China, there were five subdistricts in Huangshigang.

Jinfeng District

Jinfeng District (simplified Chinese: 金凤区; traditional Chinese: 金鳳區; pinyin: Jīnfèng Qū; Wade–Giles: Chin-fêng Ch’ü; literally: 'golden phoenix') is a district and the seat of Yinchuan, the capital of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China. It has a total area of 290 km2 (110 sq mi), and, according to the 2010 China Census, a population of 282,554 people.

Linfen

Linfen is a prefecture-level city in the southwest of Shanxi province, People's Republic of China, bordering Shaanxi province to the west. It is situated along the banks of the Fen River. It has an area of 20,275 square kilometres (7,828 sq mi) and according to the 2010 Census, a population of 4,316,612 inhabitants of which 944,050 live in the built-up (or metro) area made up of Yaodu urban district. The GDP of Linfen ranked second in Shanxi Province. It was known as Pingyang (平陽) during the Spring and Autumn period. In 2006, the American Blacksmith Institute listed Linfen as one of the ten most polluted cities in the world.Prior to 1978, Linfen was famous for its spring water, greenery and rich agriculture and therefore nicknamed "The Modern Fruit and Flower Town". Since then it has been developing into a main industrial center for coal mining, which has significantly damaged the city's environment, air quality, farming, health and its previous status as a green village.

Luyang District

Luyang District (simplified Chinese: 庐阳区; traditional Chinese: 廬陽區; pinyin: Lúyáng Qū) is a district under the administration of Hefei, the capital of Anhui Province, People's Republic of China. It makes up the main part of the old city area of Hefei. It has a total area of 139.32 square kilometres (53.79 sq mi), and a population of 609,239 inhabitants.

Meilan District

Meilan (simplified Chinese: 美兰区; traditional Chinese: 美蘭區; pinyin: Měilán Qū) is an urban district of Haikou, the capital of Hainan province, China. The district's total area is 553 km2 (214 sq mi), and its population was about 620,000 people in 2010 according to Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China.

National Bureau of Statistics of China

The National Bureau of Statistics or NBS is an agency directly under the State Council of the People's Republic of China charged with the collection and publication of statistics related to the economy, population and society of the People's Republic of China at the national and local levels.

Shushan District

Shushan District (simplified Chinese: 蜀山区; traditional Chinese: 蜀山區; pinyin: Shǔshān Qū) is a district of Hefei, the capital of Anhui Province, China. The district has an area of 261.36 km2 (100.91 sq mi) and a population of 1,022,321 inhabitants as of the 2010 Census. It contains 8 subdistricts and two towns.

Situ (surname)

Situ is one of the more common surviving Chinese compound surnames. It is also spelled in Wade–Giles as Ssŭtu or in the Mathews system as Szŭtu, and romanised from Cantonese as Szeto or Seto, or from Taishanese as Soohoo. It originated from the ancient Chinese title Situ, which can be translated as "Minister over the Masses". The surname is common in Guangdong province, particularly around Kaiping.

Tungusic peoples

Tungusic peoples are the indigenous peoples who speak Tungusic languages. They inhabit Eastern Siberia and Manchuria.

During the 17th century, the Tsardom of Russia was expanding east across Siberia, and into Tungusic-speaking lands, ending with the 1689 Treaty of Nerchinsk. The first published description of a Tungusic people to reach beyond Russia into the rest of Europe was by the Dutch traveler Isaac Massa in 1612. He passed along information from Russian reports after his stay in Moscow.

Xingqing District

Xingqing District (simplified Chinese: 兴庆区; traditional Chinese: 興慶區; pinyin: Xīngqìng Qū; Wade–Giles: Hsin-ch’ing Ch’ü, Xiao'erjing: سٍ شٍ ﺛُﻮْ‎) is a district of Yinchuan, the capital of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China, bordering Inner Mongolia to the east. It has a total area of 757.6 km2 (292.5 sq mi), and, according to the 2010 China Census, a population of 678,306 people.

Yaohai District

Yaohai District (simplified Chinese: 瑶海区; traditional Chinese: 瑤海區; pinyin: Yáohǎi Qū) is a district of Hefei, the capital of Anhui Province, China. The district has a surface of 142.9 km2 (55.2 sq mi) and a population of 902,830 inhabitants. It contains 1 township, 1 town, 10 subdistricts, 1 industrial park, and 1 development zone.

Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu PinyinDì Liù Cì Quánguó Rénkǒu Pǔchá
National Population Census of the People's Republic of China

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