Sivas Province

Sivas Province (Turkish: Sivas İli), (Kurdish: Sêwas) is a province of Turkey. It is largely located at the eastern part of the Central Anatolia region of Turkey; it is the second largest province in Turkey by territory. Its adjacent provinces are Yozgat to the west, Kayseri to the southwest, Kahramanmaraş to the south, Malatya to the southeast, Erzincan to the east, Giresun to the northeast, and Ordu to the north. Its capital is Sivas.

The majority of Sivas Province shares the climate of the Central Anatolian Region, in which the summer seasons are hot and dry, while winter seasons are cold and snowy. However, the northern part of the province shares the Black Sea climate, while the eastern portion shares the climate of the Eastern Anatolian higher region.

This province is noted for its thermal springs.

Sivas Province
Location of Sivas Province in Turkey
Location of Sivas Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionCentral Anatolia
SubregionKayseri
Government
 • Electoral districtSivas
Area
 • Total28,488 km2 (10,999 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total646,608
 • Density23/km2 (59/sq mi)
Area code(s)0346
Vehicle registration58

Districts

Sivas province is divided into 17 districts (capital district in bold):

History

The route of the Silk Road and the Persian Royal Road run through Sivas.

According to the written historical sources, the region of Sivas province was first inhabited during the period of the Hittite civilization by the beginning of 2000 BC and became an important settlement. The region then encountered the reign of Armenian, Roman, Byzantine, Seljukian, and Ottoman civilizations.

The foundations of the modern Turkish Republic were laid in the Sivas Congress assembled on 4 September 1919, during the presidency of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, thus making the province of Sivas important to the history of the Turkish nation.

Economy

Historically, the province produced alum, copper, silver, iron, coal, asbestos, arsenic, and salt.[2] Alfalfa was also produced in the area.[3]

References

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. pp. 74–75.
  3. ^ Prothero, W.G. (1920). Armenia and Kurdistan. London: H.M. Stationery Office. p. 63.

External links

Coordinates: 39°31′11″N 37°17′42″E / 39.51972°N 37.29500°E

4 Eylül Dam

4 Eylül Dam (September 4 Dam) is a dam in Sivas Province, Turkey, built between 1996 and 2002. The dam creates a lake which is 5.6 km ².

Divriği

Divriği, historically known as Tephrike (Greek: Τεφρική Tephrike, Armenian: Տեւրիկ Tewrik) and formerly sometimes called Divrik, is a small town and a district of Sivas Province of Turkey. The town lies on gentle slope on the south bank of the Çaltısuyu river, a tributary of the Karasu river.

Divriği Great Mosque and Hospital

Divriği Great Mosque and Hospital (Turkish: Divriği Ulu Cami ve Darüşşifası) is an ornately decorated mosque and hospital complex built in 1228–1229 by the local dynasty of the Mengujekids in the small Anatolian town of Divriği, now in Sivas Province, Turkey. The complex is located in the upper town, below the citadel.

Gazibey Dam

Gazibey Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Gölova Dam

Gölova Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Gürün

Gürün is a town and a district of Sivas Province of Turkey. The mayor is Nami Çiftçi (MHP).

Karacalar Dam

Karacalar Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Kılıçkaya Dam

Kılıçkaya Dam (Kılıçkaya Barajı in Turkish) is 25 km north of town of Suşehri 158 km northeast of Sivas city in center east of Turkey and located on the Kelkit, a tributary of the Yeşilırmak River which flows down along a large fault in the north east Anatolia than runs into the Black Sea.

Geology in the river basin, where many landslides can be observed, is of sedimentary formation.

List of populated places in Sivas Province

Below is the list of populated places in Sivas Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

Maksutlu Dam

Maksutlu Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Mursal Dam

Mursal Dam is an irrigation and industrial water dam in Sivas, Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works. The dam was initiated in 1986 and completed in 1992. The Mursal dam is constructed of earth and rockfill. The plant is hydroelectric.

Nicopolis (Armenia)

Nicopolis (Greek: Νικόπολις, "city of victory") was a Roman colony in Lesser Armenia founded by Pompey in 63 BC after conquering the Kingdom of Pontus in the third Mithridatic War. It became part of the Roman province of Armenia Prima. Today, the city of Koyulhisar in northeastern Turkey occupies the site.

Sivas Airport

Sivas Nuri Demirag Airport (IATA: VAS, ICAO: LTAR) is an airport located 22 kilometres (14 mi) northwest of Sivas, Turkey.

Sivas Vilayet

The Vilayet of Sivas (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت سيوس, Vilâyet-i Sivas‎;) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, and was one of the Six Armenian vilayets. The vilayet was bordered by Erzurum Vilayet to the east, Mamuretülaziz Vilayet to the south-east, the Trebizond Vilayet to the north and Ankara Vilayet to the west.

At the beginning of the 20th century it had an area of 32,308 square miles (83,680 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 996,126. The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.

Sivas railway station

Sivas railway station (Turkish: Sivas garı) is the main railway station in Sivas, Turkey. Located just southwest of the city center, the station is serviced by three inter-city trains from Ankara, which continue east to Kars, Tatvan and Kurtalan respectively. Due to the rehabilitation of the Kalın-Samsun railway, only one regional train to Divriği services Sivas.

The station was opened in 1930 but the building wasn't completed until 1934.The rectangular plan building has a basement, a ground floor and an upper floor. There are two main gates one in the south and one in the north. It is registered as a cultural asset of the city.

Yapıaltın Dam

Yapıaltın Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Çamlıgöze Dam

Çamlıgöze Dam is an embankment dam on the Kelkit River in Sivas Province, Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Özen Dam

Özen Dam is a dam in Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

İmranlı Dam

İmranlı Dam is a dam in Turkey on the Kızılırmak. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Sivas Province of Turkey
Districts

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