Sitges

Sitges (Catalan pronunciation: [ˈsidʒəs]) is a town about 35 kilometres southwest of Barcelona, in Catalonia, renowned worldwide for its Film Festival and Carnival. Located between the Garraf Massif and the sea, it is known for its beaches, nightspots, and historical sites.

While the roots of Sitges' artistic reputation date back to the late 19th century, when Catalan painter Santiago Rusiñol took up residence there during the summer, the town became a centre for the 1960s counterculture in mainland Spain, in Francoist Spain, and became known as "Ibiza in miniature".

Today, Sitges' economy is based on tourism and culture offering more than 4,500 hotel beds, half of them in four-star hotels.

Almost 35% of the approximately 26,000 permanent inhabitants are from the Netherlands, the UK, France and Scandinavia, whose children attend international schools in the area. There are 17 beaches. Sitges was also the site of the annual Bilderberg conference held in June 2010.

Sitges has been referred to as the Saint-Tropez of Spain,[3] with property prices approaching those of the most expensive European cities, the main reason for this being the setting by the sea and the surrounding Parc Natural del Garraf. Proximity to Barcelona-El Prat Airport is also a major advantage.

Sitges
Sitges
Sitges
Flag of Sitges
Flag
Coat of arms of Sitges
Coat of arms
Sitges is located in Catalonia
Sitges
Sitges
Location of Sitges within Catalonia
Coordinates: 41°14′13″N 1°49′23″E / 41.237°N 1.823°ECoordinates: 41°14′13″N 1°49′23″E / 41.237°N 1.823°E
CountrySpain Spain
Autonomous communityCatalonia Catalonia
ProvinceBarcelona
ComarcaGarraf
Judicial districtVilanova i la Geltrú
Government
 • MayorMiquel Forns Fusté (2015)[1] (Convergence and Union)
Area
 • Total43.8 km2 (16.9 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
(2016)[1]
 • Total28,478
Demonym(s)Sitgetans
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
08870
Dialing code93
Official languagesCatalan
Spanish
Websitewww.sitges.cat

History

Human presence in the area dates to at least the Neolithic area, and an Iberian settlement from the 4th century. In the 1st century BC it included two separated villages, later absorbed by the Romans.

During the Middle Ages, a castle was built in Sitges, owned by the bishopric of Barcelona, which later ceded it to count Mir Geribert (1041). In the 12th century the town fell under the rule of the Sitges family. The latter held it until 1308, when Agnes of Sitges sold the town to Bernat de Fonollar, after whose death it went to the Pia Almoina, a charitable institution, to which it belonged until 1814.

Sitges' economy was mostly based on the production of wine until the economic boom of the 1960s, after which it became a tourist resort.

Miquel Forns i Fusté is the current, 5th Mayor, of Sitges (L'alcalde de Sitges).

Carnival

For over a century, Sitges has celebrated Carnestoltes, or Carnival, between the months of February and March, according to the liturgical calendar.

The festivities begin on Dijous Gras, or Fat Thursday, with King Carnestoltes’ arrival. They continue until the burial of the sardine — late afternoon on Ash Wednesday.

Folk dances and xatonades (traditional local salad served with assorted omelets) are also characteristic carnival elements. The two most important moments are the Rua de la Disbauxa, or the Debauchery Parade, on Sunday night and the Rua de l'Extermini, or Extermination Parade, on Tuesday night. Around forty floats with more than 2,000 participants fill Sitges.

Gastronomy

Xató is Sitges' most typical dish. Its first recorded mention is in local newspaper Eco de Sitges report on Maundy Thursday, published on 16 February 1896. The report refers to a meal that three days before had gathered together a selected group of Catalan artists and intellectuals, including Santiago Rusiñol, Miquel Utrillo and Gaietà Buigas. The name “xató” comes from an expression pronounced years before by Canudas, a member of the Rusiñol's group.

The main ingredients of xató are endive salad, cod, tuna, anchovies, aubergine and black olives. However, the essence of the dish is its sauce, made with scalded chillies, toasted almonds, garlic, olive oil, salt, vinegar and hot peppers. The complete xató meal consists of some different omelettes or fricandó (a typical Catalan hot meal) and as a dessert, coca de llardons (typical Catalan cake, made from pork scratchings), served with a bottle of Penedès black wine.

Sitges cuisine includes many Catalan sailors' dishes such as rice Sitges style, stewed sepia with potatoes and allioli (Catalan garlic sauce), bull de tonyina (made with tuna fish), fideuada (similar to paella, but with noodles and seafood) or stuffed peppers with cod.

Malvasia is a delicate liquor wine served in Sitges, primarily with dessert. The name “malvasia” comes from the Peloponnesian port Monemvasía. In Sitges, the Hospital Sant Joan Baptista continues producing and marketing malvasia according to the traditional method from its own vines and within its own cellars. The proceeds go to charity. The annual production is approximately 4,000 bottles.

Museums

Beaches

Beach-Monastery-in-sitges
The Beach and Church of Sant Bartomeu i Santa Tecla (church built in 17th-century with numerous later modifications.)

Sitges has 17 sand beaches. Four of them are in the east: the first one called Les Botigues at the beginning of the coast, next to the beaches of Castelldefels and the other three are following the coast of Garraf (Road C-31). One of them is Garraf village beach.

There are eleven beaches in the town and two to its west, which are difficult to access.

All the eastern and urban beaches have flags indicating the state of the sea and most of them have quality diplomas and blue flags awarded by the European Union.

There are three main nudist beaches located in Sitges. One of which is Platja dels Balmins, the second nudist beach is Platja d'Aiguadolç, both of these beaches are populated by all members of the community. The third nudist beach is Playa del Muerto, which is more populated by the gay community. Platja dels Balmins and Platja d'Aiguadolç are located on the eastern side of Sitges while Playa del Muerto is located on the western side of Sitges and is more difficult to reach. [5]

Sister cities

Motor racing

Sitges is part of the long history of motor racing in Catalonia. From 1908–1920 events were staged over public roads from Sitges to Canyelles to Vilanova i la Geltrú, and from Mataro to Vilassar de Mar and Argentona. In 1922 and 1923 the Real Moto Club de Catalunya ran the Penya Rhin Grand Prix over a 9-mile circuit around the town of Vilafranca del Penedès until it was replaced by a short lived purpose built circuit, the banked Autodromo Sitges Terramar, which is still visible at 41°14′18.35″N 1°46′50.20″E / 41.2384306°N 1.7806111°E. Albert Divo won the only Spanish Grand Prix held at the banked 'Sitges Terramar' driving a Sunbeam.

Notable residents

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Ajuntament de Sitges". Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015-11-13.
  2. ^ "El municipi en xifres: Sitges". Statistical Institute of Catalonia. Retrieved 2015-11-23.
  3. ^ Boyd, Mark (August 2011). "Sitges is Hot Property". blog.lucasfox.com. lucasfox.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-30. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
  4. ^ 3cat24, El Museu d'Art Contemporani de Sitges obrirà portes el mes d'abril de 2011 Consulta 11/12/2010
  5. ^ "Nudist Beaches of Sitges". Barcelona-Home Blog. Retrieved 2015-10-19.
  • Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria; Rios Calvet, Jaume; Rabella Vives, Josep Maria (1989). Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3 (Spanish). ISBN 84-87135-02-1 (Catalan).

External links

1923 Grand Prix season

The 1923 Grand Prix season saw Grand Prix motor racing in Europe. For the first time, the Indianapolis 500 was also designated a Grand Épreuve by the International Sporting Commission of the AIACR. The French Grand Prix was held in Tours. The Italian Grand Prix (which was also the European Grand Prix) was held at Monza. Spain entered the Grand Prix circus with the Spanish Grand Prix at Sitges-Terramar and the first San Sebastián Grand Prix at Lasarte.

Autódromo de Sitges-Terramar

Autódromo de Sitges-Terramar is a former racing circuit located in Sant Pere de Ribes near Sitges (Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain). Although minor races were sporadically held on the circuit through the 1950s, it was largely abandoned after the inaugural season of 1923.

Beauty and the Beast (1978 film)

Beauty and the Beast (Czech: Panna a netvor) is a Czechoslovak horror fairy tale film directed by Slovak film director Juraj Herz in 1978. The film is a re-telling of the classic tale Beauty and the Beast. Herz made the innovative decision to depict the beast as a bird-like creature. It has a gothic atmosphere and setting, and a pervasive atmosphere of dread.

For his direction, Herz received the Medalla Sitges en Oro de Ley at the Sitges Film Festival in 1979.

Brotherhood of Blood

Brotherhood of Blood is a 2007 American horror film, starring Jason Connery, Victoria Pratt, Sid Haig and Ken Foree, directed by Peter Scheerer and Michael Roesch. The movie had its world premiere at the prestigious Sitges Film Festival in Sitges, Spain in October 2007.

For the release in the US and Canada, Sam Raimi´s label Ghosthouse Underground has picked up the movie. It was released on home video in North America through Lionsgate on October 14, 2008.

Docteur Jekyll et les femmes

Docteur Jekyll et les femmes, also known as Blood of Dr. Jekyll, is a 1981 horror film directed by Walerian Borowczyk. The film is a variation on Robert Louis Stevenson's story Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde and stars Udo Kier, Marina Pierro, Patrick Magee, Howard Vernon, and Gérard Zalcberg.

The film, a co-production between France and West Germany, was released in France in 1981 and won an award for Best Feature Film Director at the 1981 Sitges Film Festival for Borowczyk.

Gaspar Noé

Gaspar Noé (Spanish: [gasˈpaɾ noˈe]; French: [ɡas.paʁ nɔ.e]; born December 27, 1963) is an Argentine-French filmmaker. He is the son of Argentine painter, writer and intellectual Luis Felipe Noé. He is mostly known for his five feature films: I Stand Alone (1998), Irréversible (2002), Enter the Void (2009), Love (2015), and Climax (2018).

His film Love premiered at the Grand Theatre Lumiere in the Midnight Screenings section at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival.

Hard Candy (film)

Hard Candy is a 2005 American thriller film focusing on a 14-year-old female vigilante's trapping and torture of a man whom she suspects of being a sexual predator. The film was directed by David Slade, written by Brian Nelson, and starred Ellen Page and Patrick Wilson. It was the first feature film for Slade, who had primarily directed music videos.

The film premiered at the 2005 Sundance Film Festival, and was screened at the Florida Film Festival in April 2006. It had limited release in two theaters in the US. The film made over $7 million at the box office, including almost $6 million from outside the US, on a budget of under $1 million.

Hard Candy won three awards at the 2005 Sitges Film Festival, four awards at the Málaga Film Festival, and was also awarded Overlooked Film of the Year at the 2006 Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards. Page won Best Actress at the 2006 Austin Film Critics Association Awards.

Jon Bakero

Jon Bakero (born 5 November 1996) is a Spanish footballer who currently plays for Toronto FC in Major League Soccer. In 2018, Bakero won the MAC Hermann Trophy, an annual award given to the top college soccer player in the United States.

Mindscape (film)

Mindscape (also known as Anna) is a 2013 internationally co-produced psychological thriller film, and the directorial debut of Spanish filmmaker Jorge Dorado. The film stars Taissa Farmiga, Mark Strong, Noah Taylor, and Brian Cox. The screenplay was written by Guy Holmes and follows John, a detective with the ability to enter people's memories; he takes on the case of a brilliant but troubled and dangerous 16-year-old girl, Anna, to determine whether she is a sociopath or a victim of psychological trauma.The world premiere was held at the 46th Sitges Film Festival on October 13, 2013, and received critical acclaim from audiences in its native Spain. Warner Bros. released the film in Spain on January 24, 2014. The film had its North American premiere at the Dallas International Film Festival on April 5, 2014. The film was retitled Anna for North America, where it was released through video on demand on May 6, 2014 and in a limited release on June 6, 2014 by Vertical Entertainment.

Pacha Group

Pacha Group is a Spanish holding company specialized in the leisure, entertainment and hospitality businesses. It was founded in 1966 by Ricardo Urgell.

Pitof

Jean-Christophe "Pitof" Comar (born 4 July 1957) is a French visual effects supervisor and director notable for Vidocq and Catwoman.

Province of Barcelona

Barcelona (Catalan: [bəɾsəˈlonə], Spanish: [baɾθeˈlona]) is a province of eastern Spain, in the center of the autonomous community of Catalonia. The province is bordered by the provinces of Tarragona, Lleida, and Girona, and by the Mediterranean Sea. Its area is 7,726 km2 (2,983 sq mi). 5,609,350 people live in the province, of whom about 30% (1,620,343) live within the administrative limits of the city of Barcelona, which itself is contained in the Barcelona metropolitan area.

The capital of the province is the city of Barcelona, and the provincial council is based in the Casa Serra on the Rambla de Catalunya in that city. Some other cities and towns in Barcelona province include L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Badalona, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Martorell, Mataró, Granollers, Sabadell, Terrassa, Sitges, Igualada, Vic, Manresa, Berga.

See also List of municipalities in Barcelona.

Since the division by provinces in Spain and the division by comarques in Catalonia do not completely agree, the term comarques of the province of Barcelona would not be entirely correct. However, a list of the comarques that are included—totally or partially—in the province of Barcelona can be made:

Fully included:

Alt Penedès

Anoia

Bages

Baix Llobregat

Barcelonès

Garraf

Maresme

Vallès Occidental

Vallès Oriental

Partially included:

Berguedà (all municipalities except Gósol)

Osona (all municipalities except Espinelves, Vidrà and Viladrau)

Selva (only the municipality of Fogars de la Selva)

RC Sitges

Rugby Club Sitges is a Spanish rugby team based in Sitges.

REC (film)

REC (stylized as [•REC]; short for "record") is a 2007 Spanish found footage horror film co-written and directed by Jaume Balagueró and Paco Plaza. The film centers on a reporter and her cameraman covering a firefighter intervention in an apartment building in Barcelona. As the situation escalates, after some of the building's occupants show animalistic and murderous behavior, the reporter and cameraman find themselves confined inside the perilous building.

The film was a commercial and critical success. It is now recognized as one of the early successes, and one of the best films in the found footage genre. Rec placed at number 60 on Time Out's top 100 list.The film spawned the REC franchise, and was followed by three sequels: REC 2 directed by Balagueró and Plaza in 2009, REC 3: Genesis directed by Plaza in 2012, and REC 4: Apocalypse directed by Balagueró in 2014 as the final installment in the franchise. The film was remade in the United States under the name Quarantine in 2008.

SS Columbia (1894)

SS Columbia was a passenger vessel built for the London and South Western Railway in 1894.

Screen Anarchy

Screen Anarchy, previously known as Twitch Film or Twitch, is a Canadian English-language website featuring news and reviews of mainly international, independent and cult films. The website was founded in 2004 by Todd Brown. In addition to films, the website covers various film festivals from Sundance, Toronto and Fantasia to Sitges, Cannes and the Berlinale. They partnered with Instinctive Film in 2011 to found Interactor, a crowd funding and viral marketing site, and with Indiegogo in 2013. Brown is a partner at XYZ Films, and Variety credits Twitch Film as helping to popularize the production company's films.Brad Miska of Bloody Disgusting wrote that Twitch "...quickly established itself as the online world’s leading source for international, independent, cult, arthouse and genre film news, review and discussion." He also wrote: "Over the years I have become increasingly impressed by what Todd Brown has done with Twitch Film, he has cornered the market for all edgy international releases and has given life to foreign films that might never have seen the light here in the States." Ain't It Cool News has linked to Twitch Film pages on multiple occasions and UGO.com quoted a Twitch editor among its list of "critics" at its appearance at Sundance 2010.Screen Anarchy has a large body of writers who reside in most major film markets in the world, including the United States, Canada, Hong Kong, South Korea, Japan, Australia and the United Kingdom.

Sitges Film Festival

The Sitges Film Festival (Catalan: Festival Internacional de Cinema Fantàstic de Catalunya) is a Spanish film festival and one of the world's foremost international festivals specializing in fantasy and horror films. Established in 1968, the festival normally takes place every year in early October in the coastal resort of Sitges, 34 kilometers West-South-West of the city of Barcelona, Catalonia (Spain).

The main venue of the Sitges Film Festival is the Auditori (Auditorium), which has a capacity of 1,384 seats. Also the festival takes place in El Prado, El Retiro and Sala Tramuntana.

The Auditori is located inside the Melia Hotel in the Port d'Aiguadolç area.

The director of the festival is Àngel Sala.

The Human Centipede (First Sequence)

The Human Centipede (First Sequence) is a 2009 Dutch horror film written, directed, and co-produced by Tom Six. The film tells the story of a German surgeon who kidnaps three tourists and joins them surgically, mouth to anus, forming a "human centipede", a conjoined triplet. It stars Dieter Laser as the creator of the centipede, Dr. Josef Heiter, with Ashley C. Williams, Ashlynn Yennie, and Akihiro Kitamura as his victims. According to Six, the concept of the film arose from a joke he made with friends about punishing a child molester by stitching his mouth to the anus of a "fat truck driver". Inspiration for the film also came from Nazi medical experiments carried out during World War II, such as the crimes of Josef Mengele at the Auschwitz concentration camp.

When approaching investors prior to filming, Six did not mention the mouth-to-anus aspect of the plot, fearing it would put off potential backers. The financiers of The Human Centipede did not discover the full nature of the film until it was complete. The film received generally mixed reviews from film critics, but it won several accolades at international film festivals. The film received a limited theatrical release in the United States on 30 April 2010. Two sequels, titled Full Sequence and Final Sequence, also written and directed by Six, were released in 2011 and 2015, respectively. The entire trilogy was compiled into a single film in 2016, titled Complete Sequence, which Six described as a "movie centipede" due to each Sequence leading into its successor, while simultaneously working as a separate standalone film.

Places adjacent to Sitges
Municipalities of Garraf
Municipalities in the province of Barcelona
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