Sirius XM Satellite Radio

Sirius XM Holdings, Inc., doing business as Sirius XM Satellite Radio, is a broadcasting company headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City that provides three satellite radio and online radio services operating in the United States: Sirius Satellite Radio, XM Satellite Radio, and Sirius XM Radio. The company also has a minor interest in SiriusXM Canada, an affiliate company that provides Sirius and XM service in Canada. At the end of 2013, Sirius XM reorganized their corporate structure, which made Sirius XM Radio Inc. a direct, wholly owned subsidiary of Sirius XM Holdings, Inc.[4]

Sirius XM Radio was formed after the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approved the acquisition of XM Satellite Radio Holding, Inc. by Sirius Satellite Radio, Inc. on July 29, 2008, 17 months after the companies first proposed the merger.[5] The merger brought the combined companies a total of more than 18.5 million subscribers based on current subscriber numbers on the date of merging.[5] The deal was valued at $3.3 billion, not including debt.[6] Through Q2 2017, Sirius XM has more than 32 million subscribers.[7]

The proposed merger was opposed by those who felt a merger would create a monopoly. Sirius and XM argued that a merger was the only way that satellite radio could survive.[6]

In September 2018, the company agreed to purchase the competing streaming music service, Pandora[8], and this transaction was successfully completed on the 1st of February 2019.[9]

Sirius XM Holdings, Inc.
Public
Traded asNASDAQSIRI
NASDAQ-100 Component
Russell 1000 Component
IndustryRadio broadcasting
FoundedJuly 29, 2008
FounderMartine Rothblatt
David Margolese
Robert Briskman
Headquarters1221 Avenue of the Americas
New York, NY 10020
U.S.
Area served
United States and Canada
Key people
Greg Maffei
(Chairman)
James E. Meyer
(CEO)
Gene Balboa
(President and CCO)
ProductsSatellite radio
Internet radio
RevenueIncrease US$5 billion (2016)[1]
Increase US$1.876 billion (2016)[1]
Increase US$746 million (2016)[1]
Total assetsIncrease US$8.0003595 billion (2016)[1]
Total equityDecrease −US$792.015 million (2016)[1]
OwnerLiberty Media (68.5%)[2]
Number of employees
2,323 (2015)[3]
DivisionsSirius Satellite Radio
XM Satellite Radio
Pandora Radio
Websitewww.siriusxm.com

Pre-merger

Early days of Sirius

Sirius Satellite Radio was founded by Martine Rothblatt, David Margolese, and Robert Briskman.[10][11] In 1990, Rothblatt founded Satellite CD Radio in Washington, DC.[10][12] The company was the first to petition the FCC to assign unused frequencies for satellite radio broadcast, which "provoked a furor among owners of both large and small [terrestrial] radio stations."[12] In April 1992, Rothblatt resigned as chairman and CEO to start a medical research foundation.[10] Former NASA engineer Briskman, who designed the company's satellite technology, was then appointed chairman and CEO.[13][14] Six months later, in November 1992, Rogers Wireless co-founder Margolese, who had provided financial backing for the venture, acquired control of the company and succeeded Briskman. Margolese renamed the company CD Radio, and spent the next five years lobbying the FCC to allow satellite radio to be deployed, and the following five years raising $1.6 billion, which was used to build and launch three satellites into elliptical orbit from Kazakhstan in July 2000.[14][15][16][17] In 1997, after Margolese had obtained regulatory clearance and "effectively created the industry," the FCC also sold a license to XM Satellite Radio, which followed Sirius' example.[18] In November 1999, marketing chief Ira Bahr convinced Margolese to again change the name of the company, this time to Sirius Satellite Radio, in order to avoid association with the soon-to-be-outdated CD technology.[11] Having secured installation deals with automakers, including BMW, Chrysler and Ford,[17] Sirius launched the initial phase of its service in four cities on February 14, 2002,[19] expanding to the rest of the contiguous United States on July 1, 2002.[20]

In November 2001, Margolese stepped down as CEO, remaining as chairman until November 2003, with Sirius issuing a statement thanking him "for his great vision, leadership and dedication in creating both Sirius and the satellite radio industry."[21] Joe Clayton, former CEO of Global Crossing, followed as CEO from November 2001 until November 2004; stayed on as chairman until July 2008.[22] Mel Karmazin, former president of Viacom, became CEO in November 2004 and remained in that position through the merger, until December 2012.[23][24]

Early days of XM

The origin of XM Satellite Radio was a Petition for Rulemaking filed at the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) by regulatory attorney and Founder of Satellite CD Radio Martine Rothblatt, to establish frequencies and licensing rules for the world's first-ever Satellite Digital Audio Radio Service (SDARS).[25][26] On May 18, 1990, Satellite CD Radio, Inc. (SCDR) filed a Petition for Rule Making in which it requested spectrum to offer Compact Disc quality digital audio radio service to be delivered by satellites and complementary radio transmitters.[27] Following the Allocation NPRM, the FCC established a December 15, 1992 cut-off date for applications proposing satellite DARS to be considered in conjunction with CD Radio's application.[28][29] One such application came from American Mobile Radio Corporation (AMRC), the predecessor company to XM Satellite Radio.[30] XM Satellite Radio was founded by Lon Levin and Gary Parsons.[31][32] It has its origins in the 1988 formation of the American Mobile Satellite Corporation (AMSC), a consortium of several organizations originally dedicated to satellite broadcasting of telephone, fax, and data signals.[33] In 1992, AMSC established a unit called the American Mobile Radio Corporation, dedicated to developing a satellite-based digital radio service; this was spun off as XM Satellite Radio Holdings, Inc. in 1998.[34][35] Its planned financing was complete by July 2000, at which point XM had raised $1.26 billion and secured installation agreements with General Motors, Honda, and Toyota.[17][36] Initially scheduled for September 12, 2001, XM's service start date was postponed due to the September 11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and The Pentagon.[37] XM Satellite Radio's first broadcast was on September 25, 2001, nearly four months before Sirius.[20]

Gary Parsons served as chairman of XM Satellite Radio from its inception through the merger, and resigned from the position in November 2009.[32] Hugh Panero served as XM's CEO from 1998 until July 2007, shortly after the merger with Sirius was proposed. Nate Davis was appointed interim CEO until the merger was completed, at which point Sirius CEO Mel Karmazin took over as CEO of the newly merged company, Sirius XM.[38]

Merger

Announcement

After years of speculation (the New York Post first reported on a potential merger in January 2005)[23] and three months of serious negotiations, the $13 billion merger between Sirius and XM was officially announced on February 19, 2007.[39] At the time, the nation's only two satellite radio providers reported nearly 14 million combined subscribers (with nearly 8 million belonging to XM), with neither having turned an annual profit. Sirius was valued at $5.2 billion, and XM at $3.75 billion.[33] Each subscription was sold for $12.95 monthly.[40]

XM and Sirius executives felt the merger would lower programming costs by eliminating overlapping stations and duplicated marketing costs. According to their original operating licenses, the two companies were not allowed to ever own each other's license. In proceeding with the merger, Sirius CEO Mel Karmazin ignored this rule, gambling that the FCC would consider other audio entertainment to be competitors and allow the merger to proceed by waiving the rule.[39][41]

Approval

After a 57-week review process, the U.S. Justice Department approved the Sirius and XM merger on March 24, 2008, concluding that satellite radio competes with terrestrial radio, online streaming, and mp3 players and tablets.[41][42] On July 25, 2008, the FCC approved the merger with a 3–2 vote, determining that it was not a monopoly because of all the competition on the Internet. FCC chairman Kevin Martin stated, "The merger is in the public interest and will provide consumers with greater flexibility and choices."

The biggest challenge for the newly unified company was selling more subscriptions with the drop in the number of cars sold annually in the US, the subsequent reduced demand for cars equipped with satellite radio, as well as online radio-streaming competition. Conditions of the merger included allowing any third-party company to make satellite radio devices; producing new radios that can receive both XM and Sirius channels within one year; allowing consumers to choose which channels they would like to have; freezing subscription rates for three years; setting aside 8% of its channels for noncommercial programmers; and paying $19.7 million in fines for past rule violations.[43][44] Sirius and XM began merging their channels on November 12, 2008.[45]

Each share of XM stock was replaced with 4.6 shares of Sirius stock. Each company's stockholders initially retained approximately 50% of the joined company.[46]

At the time of the merger, Sirius' top programming included channels for Howard Stern, and Martha Stewart; live NBA and NFL games; and live NASCAR races. XM's programming included channels for Willie Nelson, Opie and Anthony, Snoop Dogg, and Oprah Winfrey; and live Major League Baseball games.[42]

Opposition

The National Association of Broadcasters was adamantly opposed to the merger, calling it a monopoly.[39] Shortly after the Justice Department gave its support to the merger without restrictions, attorneys general from 11 states (Connecticut, Iowa, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, Ohio, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, Utah, and Washington) urged the FCC to impose restrictions on the merger.[47] Several Congressional Democrats also opposed the merger, calling it anticompetitive and criticizing the Bush administration for allowing it to go through.[42]

Post-merger

Resurgence and growth

After coming close to filing for Chapter 11 only months after the 2008 merger, having gone so far as to hire lawyers to prepare a possible bankruptcy filing,[48] Sirius XM was able to avoid declaring bankruptcy with the assistance of a $530 million loan from Liberty Media in February 2009, which Mel Karmazin negotiated in exchange for a 40% equity stake in Sirius XM.[49][50]

In the fourth quarter of 2009, Sirius XM posted a profit for the first time, with a net income of $14.2 million. This came after net losses of $245.8 million in the year following the merger. The company's resurgence was owed in part to the loan from Liberty Media. Increased automobile sales in the US was also a factor. Sirius XM ended 2009 with 18.8 million subscribers.[49] By the end of 2012, Sirius XM's subscriber base had grown to 23.9 million, mostly due to an increase in partnerships with automakers and car dealers; a strong push in the used-car market; and continued improved car sales in the US in general. The renewal of radio show host Howard Stern's contract through 2015 ($400 million for five years, $100 million less than Stern's previous five-year deal) was also a factor in the company's steady growth; Stern's show attracted over 12 million listeners per week.[50][51]

As of 2017, Sirius XM had approximately a 75% penetration rate in the new car market. Out of that 75%, approximately 40% become subscribers. SiriusXM is available in vehicles from every major car company as well as in assorted trucks, boats and aircraft. The company offers trial subscriptions to new car owners, and then offers customers a variety of subscription options. There are more than 100 million cars on the road with SiriusXM radios installed.

After trying for four years, on December 21, 2010, Sirius XM received approval from the FCC to add service in Alaska and Hawaii. Sirius XM announced on January 17, 2011 that it would place repeaters in those states and adjust three of its satellites to cover those areas. The move gave Sirius XM coverage in all 50 states.[52]

On January 12, 2011, XM Satellite Radio, Inc. was dissolved as a separate entity and merged into Sirius XM Radio, Inc.[53] On April 11, 2011, the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) approved the merger of Sirius and XM's Canadian affiliates in SiriusXM Canada.[54]

On April 11, 2013, a New York appeals court upheld a New York judge's ruling, from April 2012, that Howard Stern was not entitled to stock bonuses based on Sirius XM's exceeding subscriber target projections. The court ruled that subscribers to XM Satellite Radio from before the Sirius XM merger should not be counted as "Sirius subscribers" for the purposes of Stern's lawsuit. Stern argued the opposite, because his popularity had played an integral role in helping Sirius acquire XM. He had been seeking $330 million in stock bonuses.[55][56]

In 2017, SiriusXM surpassed 32 million subscribers.

On September 24, 2018, Sirius XM announced its intent to acquire Pandora for $3.5 billion.[57]

Executives

Following the merger, Sirius CEO Mel Karmazin became CEO of the combined company, and XM chairman Gary Parsons retained his role.[58] XM CEO and co-founder Hugh Panero stepped down in August 2007, shortly after the merger was first announced.[6]

XM Satellite Radio executives who were not offered jobs in the new combined company were assured golden parachute severance packages that had been approved in 2007. Former CEO Nate Davis received a severance package worth $10 million. Erik Toppenberg, executive vice president of programming, received a severance package worth $5.34 million. CFO Joseph Euteneuer received a severance package worth $4.9 million. Vernon Irvin, chief marketing officer, received a severance package worth $4.5 million.[59]

In November 2009, Parsons resigned as chairman of Sirius XM, receiving a payout of more than $9 million.[32][59] He was succeeded by Eddy Hartenstein, former publisher and CEO of the Los Angeles Times.[32] In December 2012, Mel Karmazin stepped down as Sirius XM CEO after Liberty Media gained control of 49.5% of the company. James E. Meyer was named interim CEO.[60] On April 30, 2013, he was named permanent CEO.[61] Also in April 2013, Liberty Media CEO Greg Maffei was named Sirius XM's chairman, succeeding Hartenstein.[62]

Internet and mobile

Sirius XM radio content is available to stream online either as an add-on to existing subscriptions or as an Internet-only option.[63] Internet and mobile services directly challenging Sirius XM include iHeartRadio, Pandora, and Spotify.[50]

In August 2011, SiriusXM announced that the company would start offering a personalized interactive online radio experience. MySXM debuted on April 15, 2013, allowing users to fine-tune over 50 existing Sirius XM channels. MySXM is available to all Sirius XM subscribers.[63][64]

The internet player allows subscribers to customize most stations to their liking by adjusting settings like: familiar/hits or unfamiliar/depth, studio recordings or live performances, and new/recent or old/classic material. These customized stations also allow listeners to play music without DJ interruptions. SiriusXM apps also include an extensive lineup of archived programming on SiriusXM On Demand.

On June 17, 2009, Sirius XM released an application for use on Apple's iPhone and iPod Touch, allowing its subscribers to listen to its programming on those devices. The app did not feature all of the programming available to satellite listeners.[65] On March 17, 2011, the app was also made available for the iPad.[66] In 2012, the app was updated for iOS and Android, featuring additional content, and the ability to pause, rewind, and fast-forward through audio streams.[67]

2015 Sirius XM iPad screenshot
Sirius XM's mobile app (version 3.0), as seen on the iPad Mini

On February 4, 2010, the Sirius XM BlackBerry application was announced, for use on BlackBerry smartphones (the Bold, Curve, Storm, and Tour).[68] As of April 2013, the app featured over 150 channels.[69]

On May 28, 2010, the Sirius XM application for Android smartphones was announced.[70] As of April 2013, the app features over 130 channels.[71]

As part of Howard Stern's new five-year contract with Sirius XM, which he signed on December 9, 2010, The Howard Stern Show, which hadn't previously been made available on mobile devices, would now be a part of Sirius XM's mobile app package.[72]

On March 18, 2015, SiriusXM released a refreshed user interface of the application on Android and iOS.[73]

As of October 2017, SiriusXM is available for streaming via custom apps on a variety of connected devices including Amazon Alexa[74] and Fire TV, Sonos, PlayStation, Roku, and smart TVs.

In May 2018, SiriusXM unveiled a new look for both the desktop web player and the mobile apps. The MySXM feature, including all the custom mixes that listeners saved overtime, was removed. SiriusXM claims that they're working on a more personalized feature that will release in the upcoming months.[75]

Subscriptions

Following the merger, Sirius XM began offering numerous new options, including a la carte offerings, a family-friendly version, and "mostly music" or "news, sports, and talk" packages, ranging in price from $6.99 to $16.99 per month.[76]

Prior to the merger, Sirius offered, for a one-time fee, a lifetime subscription (lasting the lifetime of the receiver, not the subscriber).[33] After the merger, due to changes in bundling policies, some customers who had purchased lifetime subscriptions had their service reduced or canceled, and were unable to obtain a refund.[77]

Legal settlement

On December 4, 2014, Sirius XM Holdings agreed to a $3.8 million USD settlement with 45 states and the District of Columbia, over a suit initiated by the Ohio Attorney General, Mike DeWine, stemming from the company's billing and service renewal practices. The suit alleged Sirius XM Holdings was engaged in "misleading, unfair and deceptive acts or practices in violation of state consumer protection laws," Attorney General DeWine said.[78]

Programming

SiriusXM is the exclusive home to Howard Stern with two dedicated Howard Stern channels. SiriusXM’s talk, news and comedy programming features channels from news outlets including BBC, CNBC, FOX News, CNN, MSNBC, Bloomberg, NPR, C-SPAN, exclusive talk and entertainment channels including TODAY Show Radio, Business Radio Powered By The Wharton School, Entertainment Weekly Radio, Faction Talk, Radio Andy, Joel Osteen Radio, and comedy from channels including Comedy Central Radio, Comedy Greats, The Foxxhole, Laugh USA, Raw Dog Comedy and George Carlin’s Carlin’s Corner.

SiriusXM music programming includes artist branded channels from The Beatles, Bruce Springsteen, Eminem, Garth Brooks, Tom Petty, Pearl Jam, Kenny Chesney, Pitbull and many more, curated music channels dedicated to multiple decades and genres that span rock, pop, country, R&B, hip-hop, electronic dance, jazz and more, and concept-based channels, such as The Coffee House, SiriusXM Chill, Road Trip Radio, Yacht Rock Radio, and The Covers Channel.

SiriusXM offers live play-by-play coverage of every NFL, Major League Baseball, and NBA game; every NASCAR race; NHL games; PGA Tour events; and live college sports, as well as news, analysis and opinions from more than a dozen dedicated sports talk channels.

Canadian counterparts

In Canada, Sirius Canada and XM Canada were partially owned by Sirius XM (20% and 23.3% respectively) in joint ventures with Canadian companies.[79] After the US merger, the two Canadian ventures did not immediately agree to a similar merger, but instead remained in competition as distinct services.[80] Complicating matters was that Sirius Canada has nearly 80% of the total satellite radio subscriber base in that country, and felt they deserved greater than a 50/50 split of the new company, whereas XM Canada felt their deal with the NHL—a particularly lucrative prize in Canadian sports broadcasting—also warranted a significant amount of value in the new company.[80]

On November 24, 2010, XM Radio Canada and Sirius Canada announced that they would merge their services.[81] On April 12, 2011, the CRTC approved the companies' merger into SiriusXM Canada.[82] John Bitove's Canadian Satellite Radio Holdings Inc., the licensee of XM Canada, gained a 30% share in the new company as its primary and controlling shareholder, while Slaight Communications and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the current owners of Sirius Canada, each retained 20% ownership. Sirius XM's American parent company would hold 25%.[54] The merger was completed on June 21, 2011.[83]

Technical

Receivers

XM and Sirius use different compression and conditional access systems, making their receivers incompatible with each other's service. A condition of the merger was that Sirius XM would bring to the market satellite radios that can receive both XM and Sirius channels within one year.[44] The interoperable radio, called the MiRGE, was made available beginning in March 2009[84] but was soon discontinued after both services eliminated duplicate channels, obviating the need for it. As of February 2016, Sirius XM offers radios for home, office, automotive, marine, and aviation use.[85]

SiriusXM Marine is graphical weather and fishing info for boaters. The service works with most major marine-electronics hardware companies, such as Raymarine, Furuno, Simrad and Garmin.[86] The Marine Offshore package includes graphical weather radar; cloud-to-cloud and cloud-to-ground lightning; high-resolution coastal and offshore wave heights, direction and intervals; high-resolution sea-surface temperatures; pressure isobars; buoy data, etc.

SiriusXM Aviation provides satellite-based graphical weather info for pilots, which provides better signal coverage and faster data refresh rate than land-based ADS-B service.[87] The 2020 FAA Mandate does not require pilots to equip with ADS‑B/FIS‑B weather. [88]

SiriusXM Aviation receiver Model # SXAR1 and Garmin GDL51/GDL52 enables pilots to use an iPad or iPhone with the Foreflight Mobile App, via Bluetooth, to view the SiriusXM Aviation in-flight weather and data delivered via satellite to monitor storm fronts, track lightning strikes, TAFs, METARs, winds and more.[89]

Satellites

As of May 2017, there are five satellites in orbit: two XM and two Sirius satellites and one spare.[90] XM-3 and XM-4 are the active satellites for the XM service and replaced the original XM-1 and XM-2 satellites which were placed into a disposal orbit. Sirius FM-5 and FM-6 function as the primaries for the Sirius side. FM-6 which was launched on October 25, 2013 and declared ready for service on December 2, 2013 initially served as an in orbit spare while the company worked to deploy repeaters for the Sirius side which were needed to transition to full geostationary operation. In 2016 FM-6 was put into active service and officially replaced Sirius originals FM-1 through FM-3 which operated in elliptical orbit. FM-1 through FM-3 were later placed into disposal orbits. With this change FM-5 and FM-6 exclusively serve the Sirius service mirroring XM-3 and 4. Before FM-6 was launched, XM-5 was sent into orbit by Proton from Kazakhstan, on October 14, 2010, and is capable of broadcasting to either service.[91][92] XM-5 serves as the in orbit spare for the entire system and can function in place of either a Sirius or XM satellite. In late 2016 Sirius XM placed an order for two new satellites SXM-7 and SXM-8 which will replace XM-3 and XM-4. These are scheduled for launch in 2019 and 2020 respectively.

Sirius satellites broadcast within the S band frequencies from 2.3200–2.3325 GHz, while XM radio uses adjacent frequencies 2.3325–2.3450 GHz.[93][94]

Milestones

The following milestones have been set during and after the merger:

Date Event Comments
February 2007 Execute definitive agreement
March 2007 File FCC application
June 2007 FCC places application on "Public Notice" (DA 07-2417) Comments and petitions were due July 11, 2007; responses and oppositions were due July 24, 2007.
November 2007 Sirius/XM shareholder votes Announced October 4, 2007, and voted upon on November 13, 2007. 96% of Sirus shareholders approved the merger,[95] and 99.8% of XMSR shareholders also approved.[96]
March 2008 Receive regulatory approvals On March 24, 2008, the U.S. Department of Justice ended its investigation of the merger (i.e. decided against blocking the deal).[97]
July 2008 Receive FCC approval On July 25, 2008, the FCC approved the merger voting 3-2 down party lines.[98]
July 2008 Merger completed XM stock trading ceases July 28, 2008. Sirius XM Radio, Inc. becomes the name of the merged corporation.
November 2008 Programming merged
March 2009 MiRGE released First receiver to compatible with both Sirius and XM signals is released
December 2010 Alaska and Hawaii expansion Receives FCC approval to add service to the two states, thus giving Sirius XM coverage in all 50 states
April 2013 MySXM debuts A personalized interactive online radio experience
October 2013 Clear Channel-programmed stations removed Channels programmed by Clear Channel, including America's Talk, Sixx Sense, Fox Sports Radio and WSIX-FM, are removed months after Clear Channel sells its stake in Sirius XM; WHTZ/New York and KIIS-FM/Los Angeles are retained under a separate agreement.[99]
April 2016 Surpasses 30 million subscribers Sirius XM announces through Q1 of 2016, the company has a total of 30.1 million subscribers.[100]
August 2017 Dark Horse Radio Laura Cantrell presents the music of George Harrison.

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External links

Beyond the Beltway

Beyond the Beltway, hosted by Bruce DuMont, is a nationally syndicated political talk-radio show based in Chicago. It airs 7-9 PM (ET) every Sunday on more than 30 terrestrial stations and Sirius XM Satellite Radio (POTUS Channel 124) as well as online at beyondthebeltway.com. In February 2015, Beyond the Beltway was removed from the lineup of Chicago's 50,000-watt WLS 890 AM, the show's flagship station since November 1992, and picked up by WCGO 1590 AM, a 10,000-watt station based out of Evanston, Illinois.It is videotaped live at the Museum of Broadcast Communications, which DuMont founded in 1987, and is shown at various times throughout the week, including Mondays at 11 PM, on CN100 in the Chicago area; the televised version of Beltway was also broadcast on WYCC, Chicago's secondary PBS station, on Sunday nights from 1996 until the station went off the air in 2017. Beyond the Beltway made headlines in March 2012 when DuMont challenged Republican presidential candidate Rick Santorum for criticizing President Obama's stance on prosecuting child pornographers.

CBC Radio One

CBC Radio One is the English-language news and information radio network of the publicly owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. It is commercial-free and offers local and national programming. It is available on AM and FM to 98 percent of Canadians and overseas over the Internet, and through mobile apps.

A modified version of Radio One, with local content replaced by additional airings of national programming, is available on Sirius XM Satellite Radio channel 169. It is downlinked to subscribers via SiriusXM Canada and its U.S.-based counterpart, Sirius XM Satellite Radio.

In 2010, Radio One reached 4.3 million listeners each week. It was the largest radio network in Canada.

Celeste Katz

Celeste Katz is a New York-based senior political reporter for Glamour. She is also a co-host of "Driving Forces" on WBAI-FM New York radio and a guest host for Sirius XM satellite radio.

Dave Sims

Dave Sims (born February 14, 1953) is an American sportscaster. He currently is the television play-by-play commentator for the Seattle Mariners on Root Sports Northwest, the radio play-by-play man for Sunday Afternoon Football on Westwood One, and the co-host (with Mike Krzyzewski) of Basketball and Beyond with Coach K on Sirius XM Satellite Radio. Sims was also the television play-by-play host for the UFL on Versus.

David Margolese

David Margolese (born October 24, 1957) is an entrepreneur and a founder of Sirius XM Radio, serving as chairman and CEO from 1993 to 2002. Considered "one of the earliest advocates of pay radio," he "effectively created the industry."

Faction Punk

Faction Punk is an uncensored punk rock channel on Sirius XM Satellite Radio. Airing on channel 314, its focus is specifically modern punk rock.

Prior to the temporary replacement of the channel for GNR radio, Faction was branded as just Faction and played a mix of hard rock, hip hop, heavy metal along with punk rock. It would also air an afternoon re-broadcast of The Jason Ellis Show, which used to air live on the channel when it was known as Faction with Jason Ellis, before Ellis' show moved to the re-branded Faction Talk in January 2017.

Faction Punk was previously home to Marky Ramone's Punk Rock Blitzkrieg, Tim Armstrong's "Tim Timebomb and Friends", The Voice Boyce Show with Dave "The Voice" Boyce, Do It Yourself Radio, Tony Hawk's Demolition Radio, and hourly FU's (Faction Updates).

Gary Parsons

Gary Parsons is the former chairman of the board for Sirius XM Radio. Parsons was also formerly on the board of WorldSpace.

Parsons was with MCI Communications Corporation, where he served in a variety of roles from 1990 to 1996. He served as chairman of the board of directors for XM Satellite Radio from May 1997. He served as CEO until the recruitment of Hugh Panero. Parsons was chairman of the board of directors of Motient Corporation from March 1998 to May 2002. Parsons joined Motient in July 1996, and also served as its chief executive officer and president. He serves on the board of Sorrento Networks Corporation and is chairman and was previously chief executive officer of Mobile Satellite Ventures L.P. Parsons resigned from his position as chairman of the board for Sirius XM Radio in November 2009, and was succeeded by independent director Eddy Hartenstein. He has two sons, Gary "Mike" Michael Parsons Jr. and Kenneth James Parsons. He is currently the Executive Chairman of the Board at NextNav.

Jonathan Morris (priest)

Jonathan Morris (born August 22, 1972), is an American Roman Catholic priest currently serving in the Archdiocese of New York. Best known as a commentator on religious matters in the media, he has been a contributor and analyst for Fox News since 2005. He is currently a Pastor in the Bronx.

Morris is author of the books The Promise: God's Purpose and Plan for When Life Hurts and God Wants You Happy: From Self-Help to God's Help. His newest book is The Way of Serenity: Finding Peace and Happiness in the Serenity Prayer.

Lino at Large

Lino at Large is a weekly radio talk show hosted by Lino Rulli. A podcast of the show is released weekly via iTunes. It also airs on The Catholic Channel on Sirius XM Satellite Radio and is syndicated throughout North America. Lino at Large features comedic segments directed to young Catholic adults. The show is sponsored by the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, specifically the Catholic Communication Campaign.

Meg Griffin (DJ)

Meg Griffin (born December 2, 1953) is an American radio disc jockey, currently heard on the Sirius XM Satellite Radio channels The Loft, Classic Vinyl, and Deep Tracks.Primarily known for classic and modern rock music genres, Griffin began her disc jockey career in 1975 alongside Howard Stern at WRNW in Briarcliff Manor, New York. Griffin later had stints at K-Rock (WXRK), WNEW-FM and WBAI in New York City, WLIR on Long Island, and WMMR (1978 and 1980) in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Her on-air nickname is "Megless."

Prior to the Sirius/XM merger in 2008, Griffin appeared on the Sirius channels Sirius Disorder and Folk Town. She also appeared on University of Massachusetts Boston station WUMB-FM in 2010-11.She was featured in a 2015 documentary about Radio DJs called I Am What I Play, directed by Roger King.

Octane (Sirius XM)

Octane is an Active Rock radio station on Sirius XM Satellite Radio channel 37 (previously 20) and Dish Network channel 6037. As a part of the Sirius XM Merger, Octane replaced the XM station SquiZZ on XM channel 48 (later moving to 37) and DirecTV channel 835 (until February 9, 2010). The channel has pure explicit music content that isn't freely heard on most FM radio rock stations, and its musical focus is active rock, playing artists that are new and emerging alongside with familiar active rock acts that are already popular. Octane's music directory consists of artists like Shinedown, Linkin Park, Breaking Benjamin, Disturbed, Alice in Chains, Drowning Pool, Nonpoint, Nickelback, Saliva, Tool, System of a Down, Three Days Grace, Evanescence, Anthrax, Rammstein, Rage Against the Machine, 10 Years, Five Finger Death Punch, Down, Staind, Godsmack, Korn, Rob Zombie, Nine Inch Nails, Static-X, Fear Factory, Audioslave, Seether, Slipknot, 12 Stones, Avenged Sevenfold, Otep, Bullet for My Valentine, Killswitch Engage, Limp Bizkit, Skillet, and Fuel. Octane plays a well developed new hard rock and alternative metal style of active rock radio music, similar to that played on most hard rock-leaning terrestrial radio stations in the United States, similar to the old Squizz on XM. Octane had the most fans of any Sirius XM Satellite Radio station on Facebook with over 200,000.

Octane is one of five hard rock and heavy metal channels offered by Sirius XM Radio (Ozzy's Boneyard, Hair Nation, Liquid Metal, and Turbo being the others). Faction was formerly associated with the hard rock category before becoming a more punk rock formatted channel.

Pandora Radio

Pandora Radio (also known as Pandora Internet Radio or simply Pandora) is a music streaming and automated music recommendation internet radio service powered by the Music Genome Project. The service, operated by Sirius XM Satellite Radio, is available in the United States. The service plays songs that have similar musical traits. The user then provides positive or negative feedback (as thumbs up or thumbs down) for songs chosen by the service, and the feedback is taken into account in the subsequent selection of other songs to play. The service can be accessed either through a web browser or with its mobile app. Pandora is a freemium service; basic features are free with advertisements or limitations, while additional features, such as improved streaming quality, music downloads and offline channels are offered via paid subscriptions.

In 2014, Pandora had about 76 million monthly users, and about a 70% share of the internet radio market in the U.S.Pandora's Promoted Stations rely on its core Music Genome Project. Overall, the Music Genome Project of more than 450 attributes assigned to each song with a human-curated database of recorded music.In February 2019, Sirius XM Satellite Radio acquired Pandora for $3.5 billion in stock.

Real Jazz

Real Jazz is a Sirius XM Satellite Radio station devoted to traditional jazz, contemporary jazz and bebop music. It can be heard on XM channel 67 (previously it was on 70), Sirius channel 67 (previously 72) and Dish Network channel 6072. Until February 9, 2010, it was heard on DirecTV channel 850. The program director is Mark Ruffin; former PD Maxx Myrick is still heard as an on-air personality.

The channel bills itself as "Swinging from Coast to Coast". Real Jazz replaced the Sirius channel Pure Jazz.

SED Systems

SED Systems is a communications company supplying both systems and services to the satellite industry. Originating in 1965, SED is located in the Innovation Place Research Park on the University of Saskatchewan campus. As an operating division of the Calian Group Ltd. (TSX:CGY), SED employs approximately 280 employees and annually achieves sales of over 80 million dollars.

SED serves an international market that includes government defense departments, space organizations as well as commercial customers such as Boeing Satellite Systems, Hughes Network Systems, Inmarsat and Sirius XM Satellite Radio.Between 2001 and 2013, SED Systems provided the European Space Agency (ESA) with 3 deep-space antennas, the New Norcia Station, Australia (DSA 1), the Cebreros Station, Spain (DSA 2), and Malargüe Station, Argentina (DSA 3). These are some of the largest antennas in the world, spanning 35 meters, allowing the ESA to track missions such as Rosetta (spacecraft) and the Philae (spacecraft) landing on comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko in 2014.Canada played an active role in the research and development of the International Space Station (ISS) with endeavors such as the Mobile Servicing System (MSS). SED Systems was a part of the Mobile Servicing System program developed the Shuttle Remote Manipulator System (SRMS), or Canadarm 2. The Canadarm 1 was developed by a team led by Spar Aerospace Special Products and Advance Research Division of De Havilland Canada, in which SED Systems also played a key role.

SiriusXM Canada

Sirius XM Canada Holdings Inc. (commonly referred to as SiriusXM Canada) is a Canadian radio broadcasting company, which operates as a Canadian affiliate of Sirius XM Radio. The company received approval from the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission on April 11, 2011 to merge the formerly distinct XM Radio Canada and Sirius Canada services, following the merger of XM Satellite Radio and Sirius Satellite Radio in the United States. The merger was subsequently completed as of June 21, 2011.John Bitove's Canadian Satellite Radio Holdings Inc., the licensee of the former XM Radio Canada, holds 30.3% and effective control of the new company. Slaight Communications and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, the primary shareholders in the former Sirius, each hold 20.4%, and the American parent Sirius XM holds 25%. Both Bitove and Mark Redmond, the former president and CEO of Sirius Canada, hold executive roles with the new company.

Steve Covino

Steve Covino (Bulgous Temporalis) , aka "El Covino", (born August 9, 1976), is an American Television/Radio Talk Show Host/Disc Jockey heard daily on Sirius XM Satellite Radio.

Straight Talk with Ross Mathews

Straight Talk with Ross Mathews (STWR) is a weekly podcast described as "Advice & LOLs from the Gay Best Friend You Wish You Had and Know You Need," hosted by Ross Mathews. The audio podcast episodes are typically between forty-five minutes to one and one-half hours in length. The show features celebrity interviews, personalized segments, and group discussion on pop culture & current events. The show was first released on November 11, 2014. The show's theme song is "Straight Talk" by Dolly Parton.

The program features segments including Pre-Podcast Prayer Circle, Press-Conference, Snack Attack!, Are You Smarter Than Mark?, Nikki B. Trending, Minute Mark, Balls Deep with Fagsy, Senior Citizens Gay Movie Critic Bill's Movie Reviews,), The Blackness, Gettin’ Saucy with JRod, and more! The show also features specialized segments such as The Straight Talkie Awards, Rapid Fire Kisses, and Kiss Kiss & Tell. The show features regulars such as Jillian Barberie, co-hosts such as CJay, and celebrity guests such as Rosie O’Donnell.

The Catholic Channel

The Catholic Channel is a Roman Catholic lifestyle radio station on Sirius XM Satellite Radio (Channel 129) and is operated by the Archdiocese of New York. It carries daily and Sunday Mass live from St. Patrick's Cathedral, as well as talk shows, educational programming and a small amount of music. Cardinal Timothy M. Dolan, Archbishop of New York, is a regular contributor. The channel also is the home for the play-by-play of University of Notre Dame football and basketball.

Most of the programming consists of call-in talk shows hosted by Roman Catholic personalities, such as the Busted Halo Show, featuring a Catholic Priest with the Paulist Fathers. Catholic doctrine and lifestyle is discussed, such as current events, political issues, comedy, psychological issues, family life, among other things. The channel is an arm of the Archdiocese of New York in Manhattan.

The Jason Ellis Show

The Jason Ellis Show is a radio show on Sirius XM Satellite Radio hosted by Jason Ellis.The show is largely unscripted and involves Jason Ellis speaking his opinion on current events, relationship issues, life advice, Hollywood and National news, and sports such as Mixed Martial Arts, Motocross, and Auto Racing. The show is co-hosted by former producer Michael Tully, and includes regular appearances from Will Pendarvis, Kevin "Cooltard" Kraft, Andrew "The Giant" Gruss,Luke "Dingo" Trembath and Mike Catherwood. The show often includes segments consisting of trivia games, unsigned band music reviews, and other comedy-centric discussions and interviews that often involve the celebrity guests of the talk show. Throughout the broadcast and towards the end of the show, listeners call in to discuss the current topics, or ask for relationship and life advice.

Guests of The Jason Ellis Show have included such talent as Actor Thomas Haden Church, Musicians Everlast, B-Real, and Mark McGrath, Actor/Producer Kevin Smith, Comedians Ron White, Jeff Ross, and Carrot Top to name a few.

Making full use of the uncensored nature of Sirius XM Satellite Radio, Jason Ellis' use of adult language and sexually explicit content is part of the appeal to many listeners who see the show as a "Shock Jock" style broadcast. Hardcore fans of The Jason Ellis show are a tight-knit group of mainly American and Canadian listeners who refer to themselves as "EllisFam". Many fans also become members of an exclusive club called "The Wolfknives". Fans often purchase and wear Wolfknives clothing merchandise (a company owned and operated by Jason himself), and are given nicknames chosen by Jason, Mike Tully, and Will Pendarvis on air.

The Jason Ellis Show premiered on Faction May 4, 2005.

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