A single is awarded when the ball is kicked into the end zone by any legal means—other than a convert (successful or not) or a successful field goal—and the receiving team does not return (or kick) the ball out of its end zone. A single is also scored if the kick travels through the end zone, or—other than on a kickoff—the ball goes out of bounds in the end zone without being touched.
A single is indicated by the referee raising his right arm and index finger. After conceding a single, the receiving team is awarded possession of the ball at its 35-yard line.
Singles are not awarded in the following situations:
In each of the above cases, the defending team is awarded possession of the ball at its 25-yard line.
In the official rules, the single point is also called a rouge, French for "red". The origin is unclear; one theory is that a red flag was used to signal the score in the game's early days. Another is that, because the conceding team had a point deducted from its score on the play in earlier days, the tally was called a "red point".
There is one other way to score one point on a gridiron football play, other than a routine extra point. If either team scores a safety on a conversion attempt after a touchdown, one point is awarded.
The Canadian Football League (CFL) has discussed abolishing the single, but proposals to do so have been rejected. A 2005 proposal to reduce scenarios resulting in a single on missed field goal attempts was also rejected. A less-sweeping proposal would see the single eliminated on punts and field goal attempts that travel through the sidelines of the end zone – such a change would eliminate the "consolation" point for a failed coffin corner attempt. Other proposals would have the rouge scored only on kicks scrimmaged from beyond a certain point and/or are otherwise deemed 'returnable', having touched the end zone or a return team player without being advanced back into the field of play.
The lowest scoring game in CFL history, a 1–0 victory by the Montreal Alouettes over the Ottawa Rough Riders in 1966, had no scoring except for a single in the fourth quarter on a missed field goal attempt.
In American football, Canadian football-type singles are not used. Receiving teams are allowed to down the ball in the end zone for a touchback, and kicking the ball out of bounds through the end zone also results in a touchback.
Some indoor American football leagues have used the single, namely the National Indoor Football League, the American Indoor Football Association and the Professional Indoor Football League, all now defunct. The single was applied only on kickoffs, and was scored if the receiving team failed to advance the ball out of the end zone when kicked. The NIFL and AIFA also allowed a single to be scored by kicking a kickoff through the uprights (as in a field goal); this type of single was nicknamed (and was later codified in the AIFA rules as) an uno, from the Spanish word for the number one.
The concept of the rouge dates back to several public school sports played in England from the early 19th century. In Rossall Hockey played at Rossall School, and the Eton field game, both of which are still played today, a rouge can be scored after the ball has gone into the local equivalent of the 'end zone' after striking another player. The Sheffield Rules, a 19th-century code of football, also used the rouge as a secondary scoring method, as did the first rules formulated by the Football Association in 1863. The behind used in Australian rules football is similar in concept to the Canadian single (worth one point whereas goals are worth six), as is the point in Gaelic football, hurling, and camogie (where a ball into the net scores three points, while a ball passing over the crossbar scores one).
The 1998 Atatürk Cup was a single football match contested between 1998 Presidential Cup winners Beşiktaş and 1998 Chancellor Cup winners Fenerbahçe. Fenerbahçe won the game 2–0.2000 Atatürk Cup
The 2000 Atatürk Cup was a single football match contested between Turkish domestic cup winners and rivals Beşiktaş J.K. and Galatasaray S.K. Beşiktaş won the game 2-1. This was the fourth and final edition of the Atatürk Cup.Carlos Babington
Carlos Alberto Babington (born 20 September 1949) is an Argentine former football attacking midfielder. He represented the Argentina national team at the 1974 World Cup.David Skea
David Frederick Skea (February 1871 – c. 1950) was a Scottish footballer.England national football team
The England national football team represents England in senior men's international football and is controlled by The Football Association, the governing body for football in England.England is one of the two oldest national teams in football, alongside Scotland, whom they played in the world's first international football match in 1872. England's home ground is Wembley Stadium, London, and their headquarters are at St George's Park, Burton upon Trent. The team's manager is Gareth Southgate. Although part of the United Kingdom, England's representative side play in major professional tournaments, but not the Olympic Games.
Since first entering the tournament in 1950, England has qualified for the FIFA World Cup fifteen times. They won the 1966 World Cup, when they hosted the finals, and finished fourth in 1990 and 2018. Since first entering in 1964, England have never won the UEFA European Championship, with their best performances being third-place finishes in 1968 and 1996, the latter as hosts.General Harrington Cup
The General Harington Cup was a single football match between the Turkish multi-sport club Fenerbahçe SK and a team put together by General Charles Harington composed of soldiers and professional players. It took place at the conclusion of the British invasion of Turkey, with the local team beating the British team 2-1.Georgian Super Cup
The Georgian Super Cup is a competition consisting of a single football match played between the champions of the Erovnuli Liga and the winners of the Georgian Cup. It was first held in 1996.
When a club has won both competitions, the Georgian Cup losing finalists play for the Super Cup. This occurred in 1996, 1997, 2013 and 2014 when Dinamo Tbilisi won the Double on all four occasions.Iggy Pop
James Newell Osterberg Jr. (born April 21, 1947), better known as Iggy Pop, is an American singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, and actor. Designated the "Godfather of Punk", he was the vocalist of influential proto-punk band the Stooges, who were formed in 1967 and have disbanded and reunited multiple times since. He is well known for his outrageous and unpredictable stage antics.Pop's music has encompassed a number of styles over the course of his career, including garage rock, punk rock, hard rock, art rock, new wave, jazz, blues, and electronic. Though his popularity has fluctuated through the years, many of Pop's songs have become well-known, including "Search and Destroy" and "I Wanna Be Your Dog" by the Stooges, and his solo hits "Lust for Life", "The Passenger", and "Real Wild Child (Wild One)". In 2010, the Stooges were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.List of AFF Championship hat-tricks
This is a list of all hat-tricks scored during ASEAN Football Federation Championship; that is, the occasions when a footballer has scored three or more goals in a single football AFF Championship match. There have been 18 hat-tricks scored in the 12 editions of the AFF Championship tournament.
The first hat-trick was scored by Sanbagamaran Kalasigaram of Malaysia playing against the Philippines in the 1996 AFF Championship; the most recent was by Safuwan Baharudin of Singapore, scoring thrice against Timor-Leste in the 2018 AFF Championship.
Indonesian Bambang Pamungkas became the first player to get two hat-tricks in a single competition and the first player to score four goals in a single match. His teammate Zaenal Arief also scored 4 goals in that very same match beating the Philippines 13-1. Vietnamese Phan Thanh Bình, Singaporean Noh Alam Shah and Thai Adisak Kraisorn are the other three players that have scored more than three goals.
Noh Alam Shah of Singapore and Kraisorn are the only players who have scored a double hat-trick in a single match, with Alam Shah scoring a record seven goals. He also became the first player to get a hat-trick in two consecutive tournaments. The fastest hat-trick was scored by Sarayuth Chaikamdee of Thailand who did it within four minutes.List of Copa América hat-tricks
This is a list of all hat-tricks scored during Copa Américas; that is, the occasions when a footballer has scored three or more goals in a single football Copa América match. Scoring a hat-trick in a Copa América is a relatively rare event: only 63 hat-tricks have been scored in 725 matches in the 44 editions of the Copa América tournament. As CONMEBOL is a governing body of football (soccer), official hat-tricks are only noted when CONMEBOL recognises that at least three goals were scored by one player in one match.
The first hat-trick was scored by Arthur Friedenreich of Brazil, playing against Chile in the 1919 South American Championship; the most recent was by the Argentinian Lionel Messi, playing against Panama in the 2016 Copa América Centenario.
The only editions not to have at least one hat-trick scored was 1916, 1917, 1920, 1921, 1922, 1937, 1956, 1979, 1983, 1989, 1991, 1993, 1995, 1997, 1999 and 2001. The record number of hat-tricks in a single Copa América tournament is five, which occurred during the following tournaments: 1926 South American Championship in Chile, 1942 South American Championship in Uruguay, 1945 South American Championship in Chile, and 1957 South American Championship in Peru.List of FIFA Confederations Cup hat-tricks
This is a list of all hat-tricks scored during FIFA Confederations Cups; that is, the occasions when a footballer has scored three or more goals in a single football FIFA Confederations Cup Finals match. Scoring a hat-trick in a FIFA Confederations Cup is a relatively rare event: only 9 hat-tricks have been scored in 108 matches in the 8 editions of the FIFA Confederations Cup tournament. As FIFA is the governing body of football, official hat-tricks are only noted when FIFA recognises that at least three goals were scored by one player in one match.
The first hat-trick was scored by Vladimír Šmicer of the Czech Republic, playing against the United Arab Emirates in the 1997 FIFA Confederations Cup; the most recent (as of 2013) was by Abel Hernández of Uruguay, scoring four times against Tahiti in the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup.
Spain's Fernando Torres became the first player to score hat tricks at two different FIFA Confederations Cups. He completed his first hat trick against New Zealand in 2009, while repeating that same feat in 2013 against Tahiti.
Aside from the first two King Fahd tournaments (1992 King Fahd Cup, 1995 King Fahd Cup), were there wasn't any hat-trick scored, since the current format of the competition in 1997 only in two occasions there wasn't any hat-tricks: in the 2001 FIFA Confederations Cup in South Korea and Japan, and in the 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup in France. The record number of hat-tricks in a single Fifa Confederations Cup tournament is four, which occurred during the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup in Brazil.List of FIFA Women's World Cup hat-tricks
This is a list of all hat-tricks scored during FIFA Women's World Cups; that is, the occasions when a footballer has scored three or more goals in a single football World Cup match (not including FIFA Women's World Cup qualification matches). So far, 19 hat-tricks have been scored in 204 matches in the 7 editions of the World Cup tournament. As FIFA is the governing body of football (soccer), official hat-tricks are only noted when FIFA recognises that at least three goals were scored by one player in one match.
The first hat-trick was scored by Carolina Morace of Italy, playing against Chinese Taipei in the 1991 FIFA Women's World Cup; the most recent (as of 5 July 2015) was by Carli Lloyd of the United States, playing against Japan in the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup.
The record number of hat-tricks in a single World Cup tournament is six, which occurred during the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup in Canada, coinciding with the expansion of the tournament to 24 teams from 16.List of FIFA World Cup hat-tricks
This is a list of all hat-tricks scored during FIFA World Cups; that is, the occasions when a footballer has scored three or more goals in a single football World Cup match (not including FIFA World Cup qualification matches). Scoring a hat-trick in a World Cup is a relatively rare event: only 52 hat-tricks have been scored in over 800 matches in the 21 editions of the World Cup tournament. As FIFA is the governing body of football, official hat-tricks are only noted when FIFA recognises that at least three goals were scored by one player in one match.
The first hat-trick was scored by Bert Patenaude of the United States, playing against Paraguay in 1930; the most recent was by Harry Kane of England, playing against Panama on 24 June 2018.
The only World Cup not to have at least one hat-trick scored was the 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany. The record number of hat-tricks in a single World Cup tournament is eight, during the 1954 FIFA World Cup in Switzerland.List of UEFA European Championship hat-tricks
This is a list of all hat-tricks scored during UEFA European Championships; that is, the occasions when a footballer has scored three or more goals in a single football European Championship match (not including qualification matches). Scoring a hat-trick in a European Championship is a relatively rare event: only eight hat-tricks have been scored in the 15 editions of the European Championships. As UEFA is the governing body of European association football, official hat-tricks are only noted when UEFA recognises that at least three goals were scored by one player in one match.
The tournament was first held in 1960, but not hat-trick was scored in any of the first four editions. In the semi-finals of the 1976 version, Dieter Müller scored the first hat-trick in his first international game, as West Germany came from behind to defeat Yugoslavia 4–2 after extra time. Four years later his compatriot Klaus Allofs scored the second hat-trick, in a 3–2 group stage win over the Netherlands. In the 1984 edition, there were more than one hat-trick in the tournament for the first time, both by French captain Michel Platini, who became the only player to score more than one in the same tournament. After Marco van Basten's three goals for the Netherlands in a 3–1 group stage win over England in 1988, there were no hat-tricks in the 1992 and 1996 stagings.
In UEFA Euro 2000, there were a joint-record two hat-tricks: Sérgio Conceição scored all of the goals in Portugal's group stage victory over the Germans, and Patrick Kluivert recorded three goals in the Netherlands' 6–1 win over the Yugoslavs in the quarter-finals. Of the last four editions of the tournament (2004, 2008, 2012, 2016), there has only been one hat-trick, when Spain's David Villa scored three times in a 4–1 win over Russia in the 2008 group stage.Every player who has scored a hat-trick in the European Championship has ended on the winning team in that match. On all but three occasions they have ended up winning the tournament. No player has scored in a Championship final, nor has any recorded more than three goals in the same game.Multidimensional analysis
In statistics, econometrics, and related fields, multidimensional analysis (MDA) is a data analysis process that groups data into two categories: data dimensions and measurements. For example, a data set consisting of the number of wins for a single football team at each of several years is a single-dimensional (in this case, longitudinal) data set. A data set consisting of the number of wins for several football teams in a single year is also a single-dimensional (in this case, cross-sectional) data set. A data set consisting of the number of wins for several football teams over several years is a two-dimensional data set.Nathan Pond
Nathan Louis Pond (born 5 January 1985) is an English professional footballer who plays as a defender and defensive midfielder for Salford City. He previously played for Fleetwood Town over a fifteen year period, whilst also having spells with Lancaster City, Kendal Town and Grimsby Town.
Having played in seven divisions for Fleetwood through the course of six promotions, Pond was recognised by Guinness as holding the world record for appearing in the most different divisions with a single football club.SoCal BMW Crosstown Cup
The SoCal BMW Crosstown Cup is a year-long all-sports college competition between the UCLA Bruins and the USC Trojans. While UCLA and USC have had a sports rivalry since the 1920s, the official yearly head-to-head all-sports competition began with the 2001–2002 season as the Lexus Gauntlet. After the 2008–2009 season, Lexus' sponsorship ended. For the next five seasons USC and UCLA continued to keep track of the scores and yearly winners. Without an official sponsor, the competition was referred to as the Crosstown Gauntlet from fall 2009 to spring 2014. Starting with the 2014–2015 season, the series was sponsored by The Southern California BMW Centers and renamed the SoCal BMW Crosstown Cup.During the original Lexus sponsorship, a Northern California version of the Gauntlet was held between Stanford University and University of California, Berkeley for three seasons.Thank God I'm a Country Boy
"Thank God I'm a Country Boy", also known as "Country Boy", is a song written by John Martin Sommers and recorded by American singer/songwriter John Denver.
The song was originally included on Denver's 1974 album Back Home Again.
A version recorded live on August 26, 1974, at the Universal Amphitheatre in Los Angeles was included on his 1975 album An Evening with John Denver.
The live version was released as a single and went to No. 1 on both the Billboard magazine Hot Country Singles and Billboard Hot 100 charts. The song topped both charts for one week each, first the country chart (on May 31), and the Hot 100 chart a week later. Thank God I'm a Country Boy also became the name of a variety special show hosted by Denver in 1977.
"Thank God I'm a Country Boy" was one of six songs released in 1975 that topped both the Billboard Hot 100 and Billboard Hot Country Singles charts. Denver's two-sided hit "I'm Sorry"/"Calypso" also received that distinction.
Gridiron football concepts
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