Simulcast

Simulcast (a portmanteau of simultaneous broadcast) is the broadcasting of programs or events across more than one medium, or more than one service on the same medium, at exactly the same time (that is, simultaneously). For example, Absolute Radio is simulcast on both AM and on satellite radio.[1][2] Likewise, the BBC's Prom concerts were formerly simulcast on both BBC Radio 3 and BBC Television. Another application is the transmission of the original-language soundtrack of movies or TV series over local or Internet radio, with the television broadcast having been dubbed into a local language.

Early radio simulcasts

Before launching stereo radio, experiments were conducted by transmitting left and right channels on different radio channels. The earliest recorded found was a broadcast by the BBC in 1926 of a Halle Orchestra concert from Manchester, using the wavelengths of the regional stations and Daventry. (Practical Television, April 1964, p305. see http://www.americanradiohistory.com/Archive-Practical/Television/60s/Practical-Television-1964-04.pdf)

In its earliest days the BBC often transmitted the same programme on the "National Service" and the "Regional Network".

Between 1990 and 1994 the BBC broadcast a channel of entertainment (Radio 5) which offered a wide range of simulcasts, taking programs from the BBC World Service and Radio 1, 2, 3 and 4 for simultaneous broadcast.

Simulcasting to provide stereo sound for TV broadcasts

Before stereo TV sound transmission was possible, simulcasting on TV and Radio was a method of effectively transmitting "stereo" sound to music TV broadcasts. The band Grateful Dead and their concert "Great Canadian Train Ride" in 1970 was the first TV broadcast of a live concert with FM simulcast. In the 1970s WPXI in Pittsburgh broadcast a live Boz Scaggs performance which had the audio simultaneously broadcast on two FM radio stations to create a quadrophonic sound, the first of its kind. The first such transmission in the United Kingdom was in 1975, when the BBC broadcast a recording of Van Morrison's London Rainbow Concert simultaneously on BBC2 TV and Radio 2 (see It's Too Late to Stop Now).

Similarly, in the 1980s, before Multichannel Television Sound or home theater was commonplace in American households, broadcasters would air a high fidelity version of a television program's audio portion over FM stereo simultaneous with the television broadcast. PBS stations were the most likely to use this technique, especially when airing a live concert. It was also a way of allowing MTV and similar music channels to run stereo sound through the cable-TV network. This method required a stereo FM transmitter modulating MTV's stereo soundtrack through the cable-TV network, and customers connecting their FM receiver's antenna input to the cable-TV outlet. They would then tune the FM receiver to the specified frequency that would be published in documentation supplied by the cable-TV provider.

With the introduction of commercial FM stations in Australia in July 1980, commercial TV channels began simulcasting some music based programs with the new commercial FM stations and continued to do so into the early 1990s. These were initially rock based programs, such as late night music video shows and rock concerts, but later included some major rock musicals such as The Rocky Horror Picture Show and The Blues Brothers when they first aired on TV. During the mid 1980s the final Australian concert of several major rock artists such as Dire Straits were simulcast live on a commercial TV and FM station. The ABC also simulcast some programs on ABC Television and ABC FM, including the final concert of Elton John with the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra.

The first cable TV concert simulcast was Frank Zappa's Halloween show (October 31, 1981), live from NYC's Palladium and shown on MTV with the audio-only portion simulcast over the FM's new "Starfleet Radio" network. Engineered by Mark G. Pinske with the UMRK mobile recording truck. A later, notable application for simulcasting in this context was the Live Aid telethon concert that was broadcast around the world on July 13, 1985. Most destinations where this concert was broadcast had the concert simulcast by at least one TV network and at least one of the local FM stations.

Most stereo-capable video recorders made through the 1980s and early 1990s had a "simulcast" recording mode where they recorded video signals from the built-in TV tuner and audio signals from the VCR's audio line-in connectors. This was to allow one to connect a stereo FM tuner that is tuned to the simulcast frequency to the VCR's audio input in order to record the stereo sound of a TV program that would otherwise be recorded in mono. The function was primarily necessary with stereo VCRs that didn't have a stereo TV tuner or were operated in areas where stereo TV broadcasting wasn't in place. This was typically selected through the user setting the input selector to "Simulcast" or "Radio" mode or, in the case of some JVC units, the user setting another "audio input" switch from "TV" or "Tuner" to "Line".

In the mid to late 1990s, video game developer Nintendo utilized simulcasting to provide enhanced orchestral scoring and voice-acting for the first ever "integrated radio-games"[3] – its Satellaview video games. Whereas digital game data was broadcast to the Satellaview unit to provide the basic game and game sounds, Nintendo's partner, satellite radio company St.GIGA, simultaneously broadcast the musical and vocal portion of the game via radio. These two streams were combined at the Satellaview to provide a unified audiotrack analogous to stereo.[4]

Other uses

The term "simulcast" (describing simultaneous radio/television broadcast) was coined in 1948 by a press agent at WCAU-TV, Philadelphia.[5] NBC and CBS had begun broadcasting a few programs both to their established nationwide radio audience and to the much smaller—though steadily-growing—television audience. NBC's "Voice of Firestone" was an early example. Toscanini's NBC Symphony performance of 15 March 1952 is perhaps a first instance of radio/TV simulcasting of a concert, predating the much-heralded rock concert simulcasts beginning in the 1980s.

Presently, in the United States, simulcast most often refers to the practice of offering the same programming on an FM and AM station owned by the same entity, in order to cut costs. With the advent of solid state AM transmitters and computers, it has become very easy for AM stations to broadcast a different format without additional cost; therefore, simulcast between FM/AM combinations are rarely heard today outside of rural areas, and in urban areas, where often the talk or all-news radio format of an AM station is simulcast on FM, mainly for the convenience of office buildings in urban cores which easily block AM signals.

During apartheid in South Africa, many foreign programmes on SABC television were dubbed in Afrikaans. The original soundtrack, usually in English, but sometimes in German or Dutch was available on the Radio 2000 service.[6] This could be selected using a button labeled simulcast on many televisions manufactured before 1995.

Radio programs have been simulcast on television since the invention thereof however, as of recent, perhaps the most visible example of radio shows on television is The Howard Stern Show, which currently airs on Sirius Satellite Radio as well as Howard TV. Another prominent radio show that was simulcast on television is Imus in the Morning, which until the simulcast ended in 2015, aired throughout the years on MSNBC, RFD-TV and Fox Business Network, in addition to its radio broadcast distributed by Citadel Media. Multiple sports talk radio shows, including Mike & Mike, The Herd with Colin Cowherd and Boomer and Carton also are carried on television, saving those networks the burden of having to air encores of sporting events or other paid sports programming which may draw lower audiences.

In professional wrestling, a simulcast happened on March 26, 2001 between WWF Raw is War and WCW Monday Nitro upon WWE's purchase of WCW's assets to merge the storylines of the two wrestling promotions, which was the last episode of Monday Nitro.

In another case, popular programs will be aired simultaneously on different services in adjacent countries, such as The Simpsons, airing Sunday evenings at 8:00 p.m. (Eastern and Pacific times) on both Fox in the United States and Global in Canada. "Simulcast" is often a colloquial term for the related Canadian practice of simultaneous substitution (simsub).

Simulcasts are also used for the purposes of television ratings, mainly with awards ceremonies such as the MTV Video Music Awards and the Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards where the ceremony airs on other sister channels in the same corporate family. These allow a bulk ratings number to be competed which allows for more homes to be calculated in a final rating, along with removing any in-house competition, with each of the networks carrying the same ceremony and same advertising. Another example is a "roadblock strategy", where a family of networks will air the premiere of a new series, music video or other event such as a telethon at the same time to maximize their audiences. During major breaking news events, a simulcast of the Fox News Channel is aired on the Fox broadcast network and Fox Business Network.

"Live Simulcast" is also used throughout South America for a real-time live broadcasting from the USA, where it differs from just a live broadcasting in that, on the former case, the event is being broadcast live while it is happening in real time (e.g. the NFL games), while, the latter, a show may be a live recording but not necessarily being broadcast in real time of when the event took place (e.g. a live concert recording). Yet, local live productions (soccer games, for instance) being broadcast in real time in South America are often just called live, without the use of the word simulcast.

Simulcasting of sporting events

In sports, such as American football and baseball, simulcasts are when a single announcer broadcasts play-by-play coverage both over television and radio. The practice was common in the early years of television, but since the 1980s, most teams have used a separate team for television and for radio.

As all NFL television broadcasts are done by the national networks or via cable, there are no regular TV-to-radio football simulcasts. However, NFL rules require that games airing on cable and satellite networks (ESPN, NFL Network) be simulcast on local over-air TV stations in markets serving the two local teams participating in each game.

Similarly, no current National Basketball Association teams use a simulcast. Al McCoy (Phoenix), Chick Hearn (Los Angeles), Kevin Calabro (Seattle) and Rod Hundley (Utah) were the last NBA team broadcasters to simulcast.

In Major League Baseball, until his retirement in 2016, Vin Scully continued the practice; however, he simulcasted only the first three innings of Los Angeles Dodgers games at Dodger Stadium and other National League Western Division parks. As a result of his retirement, no MLB team uses a simulcast now.

In the National Hockey League, two teams currently use a simulcast:

Simulcasts via satellite can be a challenge, as there is a significant delay because of the distance - nearly 50,000 miles (80,000 km) round-trip - involved. Anything involving video compression (and to some extent audio data compression) also has an additional significant delay, which is noticeable when watching local TV stations on direct-broadcast satellites. Even though the process is not instantaneous, this is still considered a simulcast because it is not intentionally stored anywhere.

(Multiplexing—also sometimes called "multicasting"—is something of a reversal of this situation, where multiple program streams are combined into a single broadcast. The two terms are sometimes confused.)

In horse racing, a simulcast is a broadcast of a horse race which allows wagering at two or more sites; the simulcast often involves the transmission of wagering information to a central site, so that all bettors may bet in the same betting pool, as well as the broadcast of the race.

The San Francisco Giants simulcast with the Oakland Athletics while playing each other on their respective stations and commercials with a mix of broadcasters from both teams.

On cable television systems, analog-digital simulcasting (ADS) means that analog channels are duplicated as digital subchannels. Digital tuners are programmed to use the digital subchannel instead of the analog. This allows for smaller, cheaper cable boxes by eliminating the analog tuner and some analog circuitry. On DVRs, it eliminates the need for an MPEG encoder to convert the analog signal to digital for recording. The primary advantage is the elimination of interference, and as analog channels are dropped, the ability to put 10 or more SDTV (or two HDTV, or various other combinations) channels in its place. The primary drawback is the common problem of over-compression (quantity over quality) resulting in fuzzy pictures and pixelation.

In universities with multiple campuses, simulcasting may be used for a single teacher to teach class to students in two or more locations at the same time, using videoconferencing equipment.

In many public safety agencies, simulcast refers to the broadcasting of the same transmission on the same frequency from multiple towers either simultaneously, or offset by a fixed number of microseconds. This allows for a larger coverage area without the need for a large number of channels, resulting in increased spectral efficiency. This comes at the cost of overall poorer voice quality, as multiple sources increase multipath interference significantly, resulting in what is called simulcast distortion.

With some of the latest Simulcast control equipment for FM radio networks, the distortion experienced is almost in-audible to the human ear. With the introduction of Line Equalisation Modules and Tone Generation Modules, the phasing advance and retard is so well calculated that the distortion is almost entirely averted.

The Tone Generation Module (or TGM) generates a pilot tone at 3300 Hz which is then sampled by the Line Equalisation Module (or LEM) which each channel on each radio high site has 2 of located back at the main control site. This then determines the phase shift in the signal and adjusts the transmission accordingly such that all the overlap areas in transmission are in phase with each other.

In 2012 Coke Zero 400 at Daytona broadcast on TNT simulcasted on TruTV.

See also

References

  1. ^ Parry, Caroline (18 September 2008). "Absolute Radio signs exclusive Sony Ericsson ad deal". Marketing Week. Retrieved 18 September 2008.
  2. ^ Barnett, Emma (1 September 2008). "Plans revealed to rebrand Virgin Radio as Absolute". Brand Republic. Archived from the original on 7 September 2008. Retrieved 1 September 2008.
  3. ^ Nintendo (February 13, 1995). BS-X: Sore wa Namae o Nusumareta Machi no Monogatari (in Japanese). Satellaview. Nintendo/St.GIGA. Kabe shinbunsha: 8月6日(日)、世界初のジオ/ゲー動プログラム「BSゼルダの伝説」が大好評につき9月の再放送がついに決定した。 External link in |title= (help)
  4. ^ "Satellaview: juegos desde el espacio." Atomicx. pp.54-57. July 2009.
  5. ^ John Crosby, "Television Headache in Etymology," Oakland (CA) Tribune, 15 June 1948.
  6. ^ The voice, the vision: a sixty year history of the South African Broadcasting Corporation, Malcolm Theunissen, Victor Nikitin, Melanie Pillay, Advent Graphics, 1996, page 120
  7. ^ Landa, Amanda (2010-07-02). "Niche Market, Global Scale: Simulcasting Anime Online". Retrieved 2013-02-19.
  8. ^ Aeschliman, Lesley. "What Is Simulcasting? - Anime". Retrieved 2013-02-19.
CCTV-5

CCTV-5 (Chinese: 中国中央电视台体育频道), also known as the Sports Channel, part of the China Central Television family of networks, is the main sports broadcaster in the People's Republic of China. CCTV-5 began broadcasting on 1 January 1995. CCTV-5 now broadcasts 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Digital radio in Australia

Digital broadcast radio in Australia uses the DAB+ standard and is available in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Adelaide, Canberra, Darwin and Hobart. The national government owned networks, the ABC and SBS, and the commercial radio stations in each market provide many of their services and a few digital-only services on the digital platform. Australia uses the AAC+ codec provided with upgraded DAB+ standard.

Discovery HD

Discovery HD is the international name of the high-definition television channels from Discovery Communications.

The international Discovery HD (now Discovery HD World in Asia-Pacific markets) first launched in Korea on February 2005 as a programming block. In December 2005, Discovery HD Japan and Discovery HD Canada (since renamed Discovery World HD) launched as 24-hour channels, becoming the 100th and 101st Discovery networks overall. After this, Discovery HD expanded into other markets as follows:

February 2006 in Germany and Austria on the Sky Germany satellite platform.(Closed November 29, 2012 and was replaced by an HD-simulcast of Discovery Channel Germany.)

May 2006 in the United Kingdom and Ireland on Sky Digital with the launch of the Sky+ HD service.

October 2006 in Poland on the n platform and the Netherlands.

November 1, 2006 in the Nordic countries when Canal Digital launched their HD package in Sweden, with Denmark, Finland and Norway following in 2007.

January 18, 2007 in Singapore on the StarHub TV platform

January 31, 2008 in Hong Kong on now TV.

2008 in Russia on NTV Plus.

March 1, 2009 in South Korea on Skylife

April 1, 2009 in the Czech Republic on Sky Link as Discovery HD Showcase

June 2008 in Australia on Foxtel HD+ and Turkey on HD-Smart.

May 2009 in the Philippines on SkyCable

July 2009 in Italy on Sky Italia

December 2009 in Southern Africa on DStv

February 2010 in the Middle East & North Africa on OSN

February 2010 in India as Discovery HD World India.

March 5, 2010 in India on Sun Direct DTH

April 1, 2010 in the United Kingdom on Virgin Media.

June 2, 2010 in Portugal on Zon as Discovery HD Showcase.

September 1, 2010 in Romania on UPC Romania DVB-C as Discovery HD Showcase

September 6, 2010 in Portugal on Cabovisão DVB-C as Discovery HD Showcase

May 15, 2012 Discovery Benelux began to replace Discovery HD Showcase by an HD simulcast of Discovery Channel in the Netherlands.

December 4, 2012 in Brazil as Discovery Channel HD, like the USA channel he simulcasts the main Discovery Channel SD feed, but airs high-definition versions of programming when available.

December 14, 2012 in Bosnia and Herzegovina on Logosoft as Discovery HD Showcase

June 2, 2014 in Flanders (Belgium) as Discovery Channel HD, replacing Discovery HD Showcase. Although not officially announced, it will probably be a HD simulcast of the SD feed.

March 1, in Kazakhstan on Otau TV as Discovery Showcase HD Kazakhstan in HD and SD versions with Kazakh, Russian an English audio tracks.The first American HD Discovery channel has the name Velocity and launched in June 2002.

A second Discovery HD channel, called 'Discovery Channel HD', was launched in the USA on Dish Network the week of August 13, 2007. This new channel simulcasts the main Discovery Channel feed, but airs high-definition versions of programming when available. It is also available on DirecTV and various U.S. cable operators along with fellow sister high definition version networks TLC, Animal Planet, and Science Channel.

In the United Kingdom and Ireland, Discovery HD began to simulcast the main Discovery Channel feed in high-definition on June 30, 2011 rather than use a separate schedule.

KESS-FM

KESS-FM (107.1 FM) is a radio station broadcasting a Spanish CHR format. The station's city of license is Benbrook, Texas. The transmitter of KESS-FM is located in southern Parker County; the signal covers the western half of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. nagoo kendiyaa. The station's studios are located along the John W. Carpenter Freeway in the Stemmons Corridor of Northwest Dallas, and is owned and operated by Uforia Audio Network, a division of Univision Communications.

The station had been branded as "Estereo Latino" until February 19, 2009, when "La Que Buena" was moved from 107.9 FM (KESS-FM) and simulcast on 99.1 FM (KFZO). The Reggaeton station known as "La Kalle" was then moved to 107.9 FM and retooled to Latin Pop/CHR.

KESS-FM broadcasts in HD.On June 23, 2011, KDXX changed their format from a simulcast of regional Mexican-formatted KFZO 99.1 FM to Spanish adult hits, branded as "Recuerdo 107.1".

On June 28, 2012, KDXX changed their format to Regional Mexican, branded as "La Jefa 107.1" and changed their call sign to KFZO.On July 29, 2013 KFZO flipped to a simulcast of Spanish AC KDXX 99.1.

On August 9, 2013 KFZO swapped call letters with KESS-FM.

On September 28, 2014, 107.1 rebranded as "Latino Mix".

KTCK-FM

KTCK-FM (96.7 FM) is a commercial radio station licensed to serve the community of Flower Mound, Texas. KTCK-FM, established in 1967 as KDSQ, is managed locally at 2221 East Lamar Blvd., Suite 300 in Arlington, and is currently owned by Cumulus Media. As of October 21, 2013, the station broadcasts a sports/talk radio format to the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex area as a simulcast of sister station KTCK "The Ticket" (1310 AM).

KTHT

KTHT (97.1 FM), branded as "Country Legends 97.1", is a 100,000 watt FM station licensed to Cleveland, Texas. The KTHT service area includes Houston, Lufkin, and most of East Texas with a classic country format. The station is owned by Cox Radio and is co-owned with KGLK, KHPT, and KKBQ. It is headquartered out of Suite 2300 at 3 Post Oak Central in the Uptown district in Houston, Texas, United States and has a transmitter site in Sam Houston National Forest in Polk County, Texas.

KTHT programming is simulcast in HD radio on sister station 92.9 KKBQ's HD-2 sub channel.

List of HD channels in the United Kingdom

This is a list of current high definition channels that are available in the United Kingdom, together with those coming in the future, and those that have ceased broadcasting.

All HD channels in the UK broadcast at 1080i, apart from BT Sport 4K UHD and Virgin TV Ultra HD which are broadcast at 4K. HD channels can dynamically switch between 1080i/25 and 1080p/25 when broadcast via Freeview HD.

List of Indianapolis Colts broadcasters

The Colts' flagship station from 1984-1998 and again starting in the 2007 season is WIBC 1070AM (renamed WFNI as of December 26, 2007); under the new contract, games are simulcast on WLHK 97.1 FM. From 1998 through 2006, the Colts' flagship station was WFBQ 94.7FM (with additional programming on WNDE 1260AM). Matt Taylor is the team's play-by-play announcer, holding that title since 2018 following Bob Lamey's retirement. Former Colts quarterback Jim Sorgi serves as color commentator. Mike Jansen serves as the public address announcer at all Colts home games. Mike has been the public address announcer since the 1998 season.

Preseason games not shown on national television are seen locally on WTTV-4, "Indiana's 4." Colts radio sideline reporter Matt Taylor provides play-by-play with former Colts defensive coordinator Rick Venturi as analyst. Regular-season Monday Night and NFL Network games are simulcast on WTTV-4 and WTHR-13, respectively.

List of PBS member stations

This is a list of member stations of the Public Broadcasting Service, a network of non-commercial educational television stations in the United States. The list is arranged alphabetically by state and based on the station's city of license and followed in parentheses by the designated market area when different from the city of license. There are links to and articles on each of the stations, describing their local programming and technical information, such as broadcast frequencies. The station's advertised channel number follows the call letters. In most cases, this is their virtual channel number.

Major PBS stations are in Bold.

List of programs broadcast by DZBB

These are the programs aired on DZBB, the flagship AM station of GMA Network in Metro Manila

List of stations owned or operated by Sinclair Broadcast Group

Sinclair Broadcast Group is the largest owner of television stations in the United States, currently owning or operating a total of 193 outlets across the country in 89 markets ranging in size from as large as Washington, D.C. to as small as Ottumwa, Iowa–Kirksville, Missouri.The stations are affiliates of various television networks, including ABC, CBS, NBC,Fox and The CW as well as numerous specialty channels.

Many stations are owned outright by the company, while others are owned by legally distinct companies but operated by Sinclair through a local marketing agreement, a concept Sinclair pioneered in Pittsburgh in 1991 when the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) forbade duopolies. (The stations involved in the initial deal, WPGH-TV and WPTT — now WPNT — are now both owned by Sinclair outright.) Sinclair has established local marketing agreements with various companies, most notably Cunningham Broadcasting and Deerfield Media.On December 3, 2018, Sinclair's biggest competitor, Nexstar Media Group announced their intent to buy Tribune Media, after a bid by Sinclair to acquire that company was rejected earlier in the year.

MBC Music

MBC Music (Korean: MBC 뮤직, 엠비씨 뮤직) is a South Korean specialty television channel owned by MBC Plus Media. The cable channel primarily broadcasts programming related to music.The channel opened on February 1, 2012, with a new music program Show Champion.

Television in Brazil

Television in Brazil has grown significantly since the first broadcasts in 1950, becoming one of largest and most productive commercial television systems in the world. Its biggest network, Rede Globo, is the second largest commercial network in the world, and is one of the largest television exporters around the world, particularly of telenovelas, which have become popular in many countries.

WEAN-FM

WEAN-FM (99.7 FM, "News Talk 99.7 FM & AM 630 WPRO") is a radio station licensed to Wakefield-Peacedale, Rhode Island. The station is owned by Cumulus Media, and airs a news-talk format. WEAN-FM is a full-time simulcast of WPRO/630 in Providence, serving as WPRO's satellite in southern Rhode Island. Operations are based at WPRO's studios in East Providence.

Prior to becoming WEAN-FM on March 11, 2008; 99.7 was modern rock "99.7 The Edge" WUAE, later WDGE; hard rock "99.7X" WXEX; classic rock simulcast "The Hawk"; '80s simulcast "Z100" (as WZRA) & finally "The Score" (WSKO-FM), which broadcast a sports format that simulcast most programming from WSKO/790 (now WPRV).

WMAL-FM

WMAL-FM (105.9 FM) – branded 105.9 FM & AM 630 WMAL – is an FM radio station licensed to Woodbridge, Virginia, serving the Washington, D.C. Metro area. WMAL-FM airs a talk radio format and is owned and operated by Cumulus Media. The station's studios are located at 4400 Jenifer Street NW in Washington, two blocks from the city's border with Maryland, and the transmitter site is in Falls Church, Virginia, off Lee Highway. Since September 19, 2011, all of WMAL-FM's programming is simulcast from co-owned WMAL (AM) at 630 kHz.

WSIX-FM

WSIX-FM (97.9 FM, "The Big 98") is a radio station licensed in Nashville, Tennessee. Owned by iHeartMedia, the station broadcasts a country music format. WSIX's studios are located in Nashville's Music Row district and the transmitter site is in Brentwood, Tennessee.

WVFN

WVFN (730 AM, "The Game") is a radio station licensed to East Lansing, Michigan, broadcasting a sports radio format. It broadcasts on AM frequency 730 kHz and is under the ownership of Townsquare Media. 730 AM is a Mexican and Canadian clear-channel frequency.

As WVIC, AM 730 was a Top 40 music station in Lansing for many years (see also: WMMQ, current sister station and former simulcast partner).

WVFN is an affiliate of the Detroit Tigers baseball and Grand Valley State Laker football radio networks.WVFN began broadcasting as WVIC in 1965 with a Middle-of-the-Road (MOR) format, as sister station WVIC-FM programmed a Beautiful Music format. WVIC and WVIC-FM adopted a full-time Top 40 format in 1968, competing with cross-town rivals WJIM and WILS. WVIC and WVIC-FM would simulcast the Top 40 format full-time for most of the 1970s, eventually leading WVIC-FM to beat out its AM competitors with the advantage of a 24-hour FM stereo signal. WVIC, during this time, was licensed to operate from 6:00 am to local sunset, and aired a promotional announcement at nightly sign-off, encouraging listeners to tune to WVIC-FM. WVIC made a partial break in their simulcast with WVIC-FM in 1979, airing an Urban Contemporary format during the midday, while continuing to simulcast WVIC-FM for the remainder of the broadcast day.

WVIC and WVIC-FM were purchased by Goodrich Broadcasting in August 1981, and WVIC was reprogrammed with Al Hamm's Music of Your Life format, featuring Big Band music from the 1940s, along with vocal standards from the 1950s and 1960s. Along with the format change came a call-sign change to WVGO. Less than two years later in July 1983, the Music of Your Life format was abandoned, the WVIC call-sign was restored, and the station returned to a Top 40 simulcast with WVIC-FM as "The New 73 AM". The simulcast would continue until May 1992, when the current Sports Talk format was introduced under the call-sign WVFN.

Goodrich Broadcasting changed the call-sign of WVIC to WAAP for a brief period in 1989, apparently to prevent cross-town rival WLNZ (The Ape 92) from acquiring the same call-sign (WLNZ later changed its call-sign to WGOR). There were no programming changes made to WVIC during this period.

WYMB

WYMB (920 AM) is a radio station broadcasting a sports format. It is licensed to Manning, South Carolina, United States. The station is owned by Cumulus Media. It is simulcast with WWFN-FM in Lake City, South Carolina.

WYTV-DT2

WYTV-DT2 is a digital subchannel of ABC affiliate WYTV for the Mahoning Valley of Northeastern Ohio and Northwestern Pennsylvania. owned by Vaughan Media, but operated through a shared services agreement (SSA) and a joint sales agreement (JSA) by Nexstar Media Group. It is affiliated with MyNetworkTV. It broadcasts in standard definition on 33.2 and is simulcast into high definition on WYFX-LD 19.2. In order to provide 720p HD distribution over-the-air, this subchannel is being simulcast over WYFX-LD2; however, that high-definition simulcast of My YTV is being aired over a low-powered signal and its broadcasting radius only covers the immediate Youngstown area (as WYTV-DT2 is currently in standard definition, and its high definition simulcast is on a low-power station, MyNetworkTV programming in HD is only available on cable and satellite outside the immediate Youngstown area). WYTV-DT2 can also be seen on Time Warner Cable digital channel 373. Syndicated programming on the sub channel includes Cops Reloaded, How I Met Your Mother, and The Middle among others.

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