Simmons University

Simmons University, established in 1899, and known as Simmons College until 2018, is a private women focused undergraduate university and private co-educational graduate school in Boston, Massachusetts.

Simmons University
Simmons University Seal
TypePrivate women's-centered Undergraduate, Co-educational Graduate
Endowment$175 million (2017)[1]
PresidentHelen Drinan
Academic staff
251 full-time/327 part-time
Undergraduates2,060 women, men, and non-binary students
Postgraduates2,873 men, women, and non-binary students
Location, ,
AffiliationsColleges of the Fenway
Simmons University Logo


Simmons was founded in 1899 with a bequest by John Simmons, a wealthy clothing manufacturer in Boston. Simmons founded the college based on the belief that women ought to live independently by offering a Liberal Arts education for undergraduate women to integrate into professional work experience.[2] Simmons is a member of the Colleges of the Fenway consortium, which also includes Emmanuel College, Wentworth Institute of Technology, Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, and Massachusetts College of Art and Design. Simmons absorbed Garland Junior College in 1976.[3]. Wheelock College, a former member, merged with Boston University to become the Boston University Wheelock College of Education & Human Development

Simmons graduated its first African American student in 1914. Furthermore, Simmons was one of the few private colleges not to impose admission quotas on Jewish students for the first half of the 1900s.[2]

The undergraduate program is women-centered, with approximately 1800 students enrolled in the 2012–2013 academic year. The graduate schools (Library and Information Science, Social Work, Health Sciences, Business Management, and an Arts and Sciences program that provides degrees in Education, Communications Management, Gender and Cultural Studies, Public Policy and Liberal Arts) are coed, and have about 3,000 students. The school's MBA program is the first in the world designed specifically for women. The co-ed online MBA program, MBA@Simmons, was founded in 2016.[4]

In November 2014, the institution released an explicit policy on the acceptance of transgender students, claiming a strong tradition of empowering women and challenging traditional gender roles and a "rich history of inclusion." Its undergraduate program accepts applicants who are assigned female at birth as well as those who self-identify as women, making Simmons the third women-centered college in the United States to accept transgender women.[5] Government documentation of gender is not required. Graduate programs are co-educational, so gender identity is not of concern.[6]

The original site of the Simmons College Graduate School of Social Work is featured on the Boston Women's Heritage Trail.[7]

In 2018 Simmons College decided to change their name to Simmons University after reorganizing the structure of the school.[8]


Simmons University currently consists of two separate campuses located near the Back Bay Fens in Boston:

Academic Campus

The Academic Campus is located at 300 The Fenway in the Longwood Medical Area. It is immediately adjacent to the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum and the Boston Latin School. This campus currently consists of five buildings:

Simmons MCB
Simmons College Main College Building
  • One Palace Road
  • Main College Building
  • Beatley Library/Lefavour Hall
  • Park Science Center
  • School of Management Building (a recent green construction[9])

Residential Campus

The Residence Campus is located one block from the main campus. It is near the Landmark Center and the Fenway and Longwood MBTA stations. The residence campus consists of 13 buildings centered on a grassy quad:

  • Simmons Hall (Freshman and Sophomore housing)
  • Dix Hall (Sophomore housing)
  • Smith Hall (Senior housing, also houses Quadside lounge and mail-room)
  • Arnold Hall (Junior housing)
  • North Hall (Upperclassman and Graduate housing)
  • Health Center and Residence Life Offices
  • Holmes Sports Center
  • South Hall (Wellness housing)
  • Alumnae Hall (Multipurpose room)
  • Bartol Dining Hall (also houses late-night dining service Bartol Late Night)
  • Evans Hall (Senior housing)
  • Mesick Hall (Freshman and Sophomore housing, renovated in 2010)
  • Morse Hall (Freshman and Sophomore housing)

Most of the buildings on the residence campus serve as dormitories, but the campus also includes a large dining hall, a health center, a large fitness center, a public safety office, an auditorium, and several other facilities.

The residence campus is separated from the main campus by Emmanuel College and Merck Research Laboratories Boston.


The principal academic units of Simmons University are:

  • Undergraduate College
  • College of Arts and Sciences Graduate Studies
  • School of Library and Information Science (SLIS), est. 1902[10][11]
  • School of Nursing and Health Sciences (SNHS)
  • School of Management (SOM)
  • School of Social Work (SSW)


Simmons University sponsors athletics teams in a variety of sports including basketball, crew, cross country, field hockey, lacrosse, soccer, softball, swimming & diving, tennis and volleyball. The mascots are the Sharks and the colors are blue and yellow. They compete as members of the NCAA Division III in the Great Northeast Athletic Conference (GNAC),the New England Women's and Men's Athletic Conference (NEWMAC) and the Eastern College Athletic Conference (ECAC).


Simmons has made several significant sustainability efforts. Former President Susan Scrimshaw signed the American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment (ACUPCC) as a formal commitment to eliminate campus greenhouse gas emissions over time. Furthermore, the School of Management is addressing sustainability in its curriculum as well as in building and resource-management programs. [12]

Simmons' environmental efforts earned the school a "C" on the College Sustainability Report Card 2010, published in Fall 2009 by the Sustainable Endowments Institute.[13]

Notable alumni

Simmons alumni include

Notable faculty

See also


  1. ^ As of March 21, 2018. {{cite web |url=
  2. ^ a b "History: About Simmons College". Simmons College.
  3. ^ Massachusetts Colleges that have Closed, Merged, or Changed Names, Brown, Ray C., retrieved January 8, 2015
  4. ^ "Online Master of Business Administration | Simmons College". Retrieved 2018-06-20.
  5. ^ "Simmons College Opens Its Doors to Trans Students". The Advocate.
  6. ^ "Admission Policy for Transgender Students FAQ". Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  7. ^ "Back Bay East". Boston Women's Heritage Trail.
  8. ^ "Simmons Announces University Designation". Retrieved 5 October 2018.
  9. ^ "Simmons College School of Management - LEED Gold". Lee Kennedy Co Inc. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  10. ^ "Library Schools and Short Courses: Simmons College School of Library Science", American Library Annual 1917/1918, New York: R.R. Bowker
  11. ^ June Richardson Donnelly (1918). "Views of Library School Directors: Simmons College". Public Libraries. Chicago: Library Bureau. 23 (1) – via HathiTrust.
  12. ^ "Environmental Commitments". Simmons College. Retrieved June 7, 2010.
  13. ^ "Simmons College – Green Report Card 2010". June 30, 2008. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
  14. ^ Fox, Margalit. "Barbara Margolis, Prisoners’ Advocate, Dies at 79", The New York Times, July 12, 2009. Accessed July 21, 2009.
  15. ^ "In Memoriam: Catherine (Norris) Norton". Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Retrieved September 7, 2015.

External links

Coordinates: 42°20′23″N 71°06′01″W / 42.339800°N 71.100200°W

1925 Simmons Cowboys football team

The 1925 Simmons Cowboys football team was an American football team that represented Simmons University (later known as Hardin-Simmons University) as an independent during the 1925 college football season. In its second and final season under head coach P. E. Shotwell, the team compiled a 7–2 record and outscored all opponents by a total of 151 to 74. The team played its home games at Parramore Field in Abilene, Texas.

1930 Simmons Cowboys football team

The 1930 Simmons Cowboys football team was an American football team that represented Simmons University (later known as Hardin-Simmons University) as an independent during the 1930 college football season. In its first season under head coach Les Cranfill, the team compiled a 5–1–4 record and outscored opponents by a total of 142 to 45.

1935 Hardin–Simmons Cowboys football team

The 1935 Hardin–Simmons Cowboys football team was an American football team that represented Hardin–Simmons University as an independent during the 1935 college football season. In its first season under head coach Frank Kimbrough, the team compiled a 6–3–1 record, tied with New Mexico A&M in the 1936 Sun Bowl, and outscored all opponents by a total of 182 to 64.

1939 Hardin–Simmons Cowboys football team

The 1939 Hardin–Simmons Cowboys football team was an American football team that represented Hardin–Simmons University as an independent during the 1939 college football season. In its fifth season under head coach Frank Kimbrough, the team compiled a 7–1–1 record and outscored opponents by a total of 137 to 54.

Abilene, Texas

Abilene ( AB-i-leen) is a city in Taylor and Jones counties in Texas, United States. The population was 117,463 at the 2010 census, making it the 27th-most populous city in the state of Texas. It is the principal city of the Abilene Metropolitan Statistical Area, which had a 2017 estimated population of 170,219. It is the county seat of Taylor County. Dyess Air Force Base is located on the west side of the city.

Abilene is located off Interstate 20, between exits 279 on its western edge and 292 on the east. Abilene is 150 miles (240 km) west of Fort Worth. The city is looped by I-20 to the north, US 83/84 on the west, and Loop 322 to the east. A railroad divides the city down the center into north and south. The historic downtown area is on the north side of the railroad.

Bulldog Turner

Clyde Douglas "Bulldog" Turner (March 10, 1919 – October 30, 1998) was an American football player and coach. He was elected, as a player, to the College Football Hall of Fame in 1960 and the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1966. He was also selected in 1969 to the NFL 1940s All-Decade Team.

Turner played college football as a center at Hardin–Simmons University from 1937 to 1939 and was selected as an All-American in 1939. After being selected by the Chicago Bears in the first round of the 1940 NFL Draft, he played professional football for the Bears, principally as a center on offense and linebacker on defense, for 13 years from 1940 to 1952. He was selected as a first-team All-Pro eight times (1940–1944, 1946–1948) and was a member of Bears teams that won NFL championships in 1940, 1941, 1943, and 1946.

After his playing career was over, Turner held assistant coaching positions with Baylor University (1953) and the Chicago Bears (1954–1957). He was the head coach of the New York Titans of the American Football League (AFL) during the 1962 AFL season.

Candy Noble

Candy Noble (born June 10, 1982), is a Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives for District 89, which encompasses a portion of Allen in Collin County.

Don Collier

Don Collier (born October 17, 1928) is an actor particularly known for his role in television westerns during the 1960s. He played U.S. Marshal Will Foreman in the 1960–1962 NBC series Outlaws, with Barton MacLane (1902–1969), Jock Gaynor (1929–1998), and Bruce Yarnell (1935–1973). He appeared as a deputy marshal to MacLane in the first season of Outlaws and was promoted to full marshal in the second season, with Yarnell as the new deputy. MacLane left the series after the first season.

Dorothy Patterson

Dorothy Kelley Patterson (born 1943) was most recently professor of theology in women’s studies at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary. She is the wife of former SWBTS president Paige Patterson.

Dorothy Patterson has degrees from Hardin-Simmons University, New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, Luther Rice Seminary, and the University of South Africa. She has been described as "one of today's leading scholars on the topic of biblical womanhood."

Frank Bridges

Frank B. Bridges (July 4, 1890 – June 10, 1970) was an American football, basketball, and baseball coach. He served as the head football coach at Baylor University from 1920 to 1925, at Simmons University—now Hardin–Simmons University—from 1927 to 1929, and at St. Mary's University in San Antonio, Texas during the 1930s. Bridges was also the head basketball coach at Baylor from 1920 to 1926, at Simmons from 1927 to 1929, and at St. Mary's from 1935 to 1939, tallying a career college basketball mark of 104–135. In addition, he was Baylor's head baseball coach from 1920 to 1927, amassing a record of 95–73, and the head baseball coach at St. Mary's in 1938. In 1944, Bridges served as the co-head coach with Pete Cawthon and Ed Kubale for the Brooklyn Tigers of the National Football League (NFL). He graduated from Harvard University.

George H. Mahon

George Herman Mahon (September 22, 1900 – November 19, 1985) was a Texas politician who served twenty-two consecutive terms (1935–1979) as a member of the United States House of Representatives from the Lubbock-based 19th congressional district.

His legacies include the development of federal farm programs, the establishment of the former Reese Air Force Base in Lubbock and Webb Air Force Base in Big Spring, leadership in the development of Interstate 27, a short connection between Amarillo and Lubbock, and disaster relief during droughts and tornadoes common to West Texas.

Hardin–Simmons Cowboys football

The Hardin–Simmons Cowboys football team represents Hardin–Simmons University in the sport of college football.Hardin–Simmons began competing in intercollegiate football in 1897. The program rose to prominence under Frank Kimbrough who compiled a 47–8–3 record (.836) as head coach from 1935 to 1940. Kimbrough's teams played in the 1936 and 1937 Sun Bowls, and his undefeated and untied 1940 team was ranked No. 17 in the final AP Poll.

From 1941 to 1961, the team competed as a member of the Border Conference. During this time, the Cowboys won three conference championships: 1942 (shared with Texas Tech) and 1946 under head coach and College Football Hall of Fame inductee Warren B. Woodson, and 1958 under head coach and College Football Hall of Fame inductee Sammy Baugh. During the period of its membership in the Border Conference, the team appeared in seven bowl games, including a record three bowl games (Grape, Shrine, and Camellia Bowls) for the 1948 team.From 1960 to 1963, the football program compiled a record of 3–35–1 and was outscored by a total of 999 to 313. In January 1964, the university trustees ordered the elimination of the university football program. The chairman of the board said the move was necessitated by "financial difficulties and losses" in the athletic program.The school did not field a football team from 1964 to 1989. The football program returned in 1990, but the school now competes at the NCAA Division III level. Jimmie Keeling was the head coach for 21 years from 1990 to 2010, winning 11 American Southwest Conference championships and compiling a record of 172–53 (.764). Jesse Burleson has been the head coach since 2011.

Hardin–Simmons University

Hardin–Simmons University (HSU) is a private Baptist university in Abilene, Texas.

List of colleges named Simmons

Institutions of learning called Simmons College or Simmons University include:

Simmons University, a women's liberal arts college in Boston, Massachusetts

Simmons College of Kentucky, a historically black college in Louisville, Kentucky

Hardin–Simmons University, in Abilene, Texas

Marion Zimmer Bradley

Marion Eleanor Zimmer Bradley (June 3, 1930 – September 25, 1999) was an American author of fantasy, historical fantasy, science fiction, and science fantasy novels, and is best known for the Arthurian fiction novel The Mists of Avalon, and the Darkover series. While she is noted for her feminist perspective in her writing, her popularity has been posthumously marred by multiple accusations against her of child sexual abuse and rape by two of her children, Mark and Moira Greyland, and others.

Omar Burleson

Omar Truman Burleson (March 19, 1906 – May 14, 1991) was a U.S. Representative from Texas.

Born in Anson, the seat of Jones County, north of Abilene, Texas, Burleson attended the public schools and Abilene Christian College and Hardin-Simmons University, both in Abilene.

Burleson graduated in 1929 from Cumberland University in Lebanon, Tennessee He was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Gorman in Eastland County, Texas.

County attorney of Jones County, Texas from 1931 to 1934.

He served as Jones County judge from 1934 to 1940. He was a special agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1940 and 1941. He was a secretary to U.S. Representative Sam Russell of Texas in 1941 and 1942 and general counsel for the Housing Authority in the District of Columbia in 1942.

He served in the United States Navy from December 1942 to April 1946, with service in the South Pacific Theater.

Burleson was elected as a Democrat to the Eightieth Congress. He was reelected to the fifteen succeeding Congresses and served from January 3, 1947, until his resignation, December 31, 1978.

He served as chairman of the Committee on House Administration (Eighty-fourth through Ninetieth Congresses), Joint Committee on the Library (Eighty-fourth through Ninetieth Congresses), Joint Committee on Printing (Eighty-fourth Congress).

He was not a candidate for reelection in 1978 to the Ninety-sixth Congress and was succeeded by fellow Democrat Charles Stenholm of Stamford, also in Jones County.

After his congressional years, he resided in Abilene until his death there on May 14, 1991. He is interred at the Mount Hope Cemetery in Anson.

Rupert N. Richardson

Rupert Norval Richardson, Sr. (April 28, 1891 – April 14, 1988), was an American historian and a former president of Baptist-affiliated Hardin-Simmons University in Abilene, Texas. Active in professional development, he was one of the founders of the West Texas Historical Association.

Simmons College of Kentucky

Simmons College of Kentucky, is an accredited private, co-educational, historically black college located in Louisville, Kentucky. Founded in 1879, Simmons College of Kentucky is the nation's 107th historically black college. Simmons College of Kentucky is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of the Association for Biblical Higher Education to grant certificates and degrees at the Associate and Baccalaureate levels.

Thomas G. Barnes

Thomas G. Barnes (August 14, 1911 – October 23, 2001) was an American creationist, who argued in support of his religious belief in a young earth by making the faulty scientific claims that the Earth's magnetic field was consistently decaying and that Einstein's theory of relativity was incorrect.

Full members
Football associate members
Other associate members

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