Silkstone

Silkstone is a village and civil parish in the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley in South Yorkshire, England. It is situated in the foothills of the Pennines, between the towns of Barnsley and Penistone, and includes the village of Silkstone Common. At the 2001 census it had a population of 2,954,[1] increasing to 3,153 at the 2011 Census.[2]

Silkstone Parish is twinned with Saint-Florent-des-Bois in France.

Silkstone
Silkstone Church

Church of All Saints, Silkstone
Silkstone is located in South Yorkshire
Silkstone
Silkstone
Location within South Yorkshire
Population3,153 (2011)
OS grid referenceSE289058
Civil parish
  • Silkstone
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
PoliceSouth Yorkshire
FireSouth Yorkshire
AmbulanceYorkshire
EU ParliamentYorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
Websitehttp://www.silkstoneparishcouncil.gov.uk/

History

The name Silkstone is Old English in origin and is thought to derive from the Anglo-Saxon man's name Sylc and the suffix tūn meaning a farmstead, giving "Sylc's farmstead".[3] The earliest known written record of Silkstone is the Domesday Book of 1086, when Silkstone is referred to as a part of the manor of Cawthorne:

In Calthorne (Cawthorne) Ailric had three carucates of land to be taxed and there may be two ploughs there. The same now has it of Ilbert; himself two ploughs there, and four villanes with two ploughs. There is a vicor and a church, wood pasture two miles long and two broad; the whole manor three miles long and two broad. Value in King Edward's time forty shillings, now twenty shillings. To this manor belongs Silchestone, one carucate and a half.

The church mentioned may be a predecessor of the current Church of All Saints, the parish church in Silkstone.[4] Silkstone parish originally included Cawthorne, West Bretton, Cumberland, Barnsley, Dodworth, Stainborough, Thurgoland, and Hoylandswaine.

The Silkstone coal seam is at its shallowest in the Silkstone area, and mining was an important local industry. In 1809 a waggonway was built through the village by the Barnsley Canal Navigation Company.[5] The waggonway was used to transport coal from collieries in the Silkstone valley to Cawthorne. A memorial commemorating the waggonway stands in the village.[6]

Sport

The village has sporting facilities, in the shape of the Pavilion. It is host to both a football and cricket team, with both sports being played at junior and senior levels. Silkstone is frequented by ramblers as many walking routes start from the village.

Culture and attractions

The Church of All Saints was constructed in the 12th century (with alterations/renovations in the 15th and 19th centuries), it is a Grade I listed building.[7] It is locally known as the minster of the moors. The Grade II listed Noblethorpe Hall near the village was built in the early 19th century for the Clarke family (local colliery owners).[8] During the Second World War it was used as an army camp. Pot House Hamlet is located below Silkstone Church and was the site of a 17th-century pottery and 18th century glassworks. English Heritage have deemed this an underground national ancient monument.[9] Pot House Hamlet today houses many independent retail outlets.

One of the village's famous sons was John Charles Brooke, Esq, FSA (1748–1794) who became Somerset Herald in 1777. He was crushed to death in a crowd at the Haymarket Theatre in London on 3 February 1794.

Wagonway silkstone
The Silkstone Wagonway Memorial

The Wagonway runs through Silkstone and also as far as its neighbouring village Cawthorne, it was used as a route for the transportation of coal from the nearby mines. The sleeper stones were originally laid in the early 19th century when coal mining was booming, and was used throughout until the 20th century. The stones can still be from the ring o bells pub to Pot House Hamlet on the route.

Today, the Wagonway is a scenic route ideal for country walks, with storey boards, it is preserved as a historic route and is part of the village's history.

The village is also home to "Old Silkstone Band" brass band. The band has a long history dating back almost 150 years. In recent times, the band has been very successful, competing for the first time in the championship section, against more famous bands like Grimethorpe and Black Dyke. The band is run without major sponsporship, and is well supported by the villages of Silkstone and Silkstone Common.

Silkstone Common

Silkstone Common has Junior and Infants Schools, a railway station, a single local shop and the Station Inn.

One of the most notable events in the history of the village was the Huskar Pit Disaster, which occurred on 4 July 1838 when a freak storm flooded part of the mine, killing 26 children, the youngest was 7 years, the oldest 17. A historical account of this event has been documented in the book entitled Children of the Dark.

Notable buildings include Knabbe's Hall which was built in the late 17th century for William and Elizabeth Wood of Wortley Forge.[10]

Silkstone Common house prices are high due to the local amenities and close proximity to Penistone Grammar School.

References

  1. ^ Census 2001 Archived 22 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  3. ^ Goodall, Armitage C. (1913). "Silkstone". Place-Names of South-West Yorkshire; that is, of so much of the West Riding as lies south of the Aire from Keighley onwards. Cambridge: University Press. p. 256.
  4. ^ Hunter, Joseph (1831). South Yorkshire. The history and topography of the deanery of Doncaster, in the diocese and county of York. Volume II. London: J.B. Nichols and Son.
  5. ^ "Silkstone Waggonway Trail". Silkstone Parish. Retrieved 30 December 2006.
  6. ^ "Silkstone Waggonway Memorial". PMSA National Recording Project – South Yorkshire. Public Art Research Archive, Sheffield Hallam University. Retrieved 8 April 2007.
  7. ^ Historic England. "Church of All Saints (334283)". Images of England. Retrieved 30 December 2006.
  8. ^ Historic England. "Noblethorpe Hall (334278)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 February 2008.
  9. ^ No 35494 authorised by the Secretary of State for Culutre, Media and Sport on 12 June 2003.
  10. ^ Historic England. "Knabbe's Hall (334295)". Images of England. Retrieved 1 February 2008.
Barbie Fashion Model Collection

The Barbie Fashion Model Collection is a line of dolls introduced in 2000. The collection features dolls aimed at the adult collector, and is primarily sold via the Barbiecollector.com website and online retailers. The dolls in the collection are all made from a material called Silkstone, a durable material that simulates the weight and feel of porcelain dolls. To date, all of the female dolls have featured the 1993 resculpt of the original Barbie face from 1959, with updated facial screening and a variety of skin tones, hair colors, and fashion ensembles. The collection has also featured the Ken character, and as of 2011, the Francie character. In 2010, a line of dolls based on characters from the AMC television drama Mad Men were produced.

Brigshaw High School

Brigshaw High School is located in the village of Allerton Bywater, West Yorkshire, England.

Church of All Saints, Silkstone

The Church of All Saints is the parish church in the village of Silkstone in South Yorkshire, England. It is a Church of England church in the Diocese of Leeds. The building is Grade I listed and dates back to at least the 12th century.

Coal seams of the South Yorkshire Coalfield

The coal seams worked in the South Yorkshire Coalfield lie mainly in the middle coal measures. These are a series of mudstones, shales, sandstones, and coal seams laid down during the Carboniferous period about 350 million years ago. The total depth of the strata is about 1.2 kilometres (0.75 mi).

The list of coal seams that follows starts at the shallowest seam and proceeds downwards with the outcrops occurring progressively further west until the deepest coal seam, the Silkstone Seam which outcropped at the western edge of the coalfield.

The thicknesses and depths of each seam are not given as they vary across the coalfield.

Dodworth railway station

Dodworth railway station serves the village of Dodworth, in the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley, South Yorkshire, England. The station is 2 miles 71 chains (4.6 km) west of Barnsley on the Penistone Line between Huddersfield and Sheffield.Originally its immediate next stations were at Silkstone and Summer Lane. Summer Lane was not reopened, and nowadays the next station eastwards is Barnsley.

Eastern Heights, Queensland

Eastern Heights is a residential suburb in the City of Ipswich, Queensland, Australia. At the 2016 Australian Census the suburb recorded a population of approximately 3,700.

Francie (Barbie)

Francie Fairchild is a fashion doll issued by Mattel from 1966 to 1976 and re-introduced in 2011. Marketed as "Barbie's MODern cousin" (sic) from England, the doll had an extensive line of "mod"-style clothing, often employing bright colors and geometric patterns similar to fashions associated with Carnaby Street in the late 1960s to early 1970s. At 11¼ inches tall, the Francie doll was shorter than Barbie, but taller than Skipper, making the character presumably between the two in age.

Huskar Pit

Huskar Pit was a coal mine on the South Yorkshire Coalfield, sunk to work the Silkstone seam. It was located in Nabs Wood, outside the village of Silkstone Common, in the then West Riding of Yorkshire. Huskar was the scene of a notorious pit disaster in 1838.

List of schools in Barnsley

This is a list of schools in the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley in the English county of South Yorkshire.

Niels Geusebroek

Niels Geusebroek (born 4 August 1979, Amsterdam) is a Dutch singer and songwriter.

Noblethorpe

Noblethorpe is a hamlet in the English county of South Yorkshire. The hamlet falls within the Penistone East Ward of the Barnsley MBC.

Noblethorpe lies on the A628 road between Barnsley and Penistone, to its north is the village of Silkstone and to its south is Silkstone Common. An 1822 description describes Noblethorpe as having a single house.

Penistone Line

The Penistone Line is operated by Northern in the West Yorkshire Metro/ Travel South Yorkshire area of northern England. It connects Huddersfield and Sheffield via Penistone and Barnsley, serving many rural communities. Metrocards (Zone 5) can be used for travel between Huddersfield and Denby Dale and intermediate stations.

Silkstone, Queensland

Silkstone is a suburb of Ipswich, Queensland, Australia. At the 2016 Australian Census, the suburb recorded a population of 3,480. Bundamba Creek marks the eastern boundary of Silkstone.

Silkstone (group)

Silkstone was a Dutch pop band that was established in 1996, by singer Niels Geusebroek and guitarist Frans van Essen. There were many changes in line-up of the band with various members that included earlier on Daniel van Luipen (bass), Paul van Twisk (keyboards), Boxie van Gerrisheim and Jeroen Vrolijk (drums).

After initial limited success, they were picked up by Sony BMG that signed them in 2001. Their debut single "Ready" gained heavy play on Dutch radio becoming their first charting hit. Soon followed their debut album What's the Reason that was released on Sony in 2003 and sold more than 15,000 copies. In addition to singer Geusebroek and guitarist van Essen, the line-up of Silkstone now included Niels Bik (drums), Dave Besse (bass) and Marco Kuypers (keyboards). The band toured in Europe and notably the States and Russia.

For their second album, they started working with local producers John Sonnveld and Oscar Holleman and English producers Paul Simm and Sam Frank. The result was Here in Your World released in 2008 with the title track being the first single from the album. The band called quits in 2009, after heaving played for 13 years, with members preferring to go their separate careers.

Silkstone Common

Silkstone Common is a village in the metropolitan borough of Barnsley in South Yorkshire, England.

The village has Junior and Infants Schools, a railway station, a single local shop and the Station Inn.

One of the most notable events in the history of the village was the Huskar Pit Disaster, which occurred on 4 July 1838 when a freak storm flooded part of the mine, killing 26 children; the youngest was 7 years, the oldest 17. A historical account of this event has been documented in the book entitled Children of the Dark.

Notable buildings include Knabb's Hall which was built in late 17th century for William and Elizabeth Wood of Wortley Forge, and the Old Station House, a building located directly beside the railway line which once housed the railway owner but now functions as a residential building.

Silkstone Common railway station

The present Silkstone Common railway station, which opened by British Rail on 14 May 1983 serves the village of Silkstone Common, near Barnsley in South Yorkshire, England. The station is 3 miles (4.8 km) west of Barnsley on the Penistone Line between Huddersfield and Sheffield.

Silkstone glassworks

Silkstone glassworks is situated at Pot House Hamlet, a historic former industrial site in Silkstone, South Yorkshire, England. A glass works was established at Silkstone around 1659 by John Pilmey, who had emigrated from France some years earlier. The glassworks had two furnaces, one for green glass and the other for white.

Pilmey married Abigail Scott at Silkstone in 1658. Later she was one of the signatories who successfully petitioned Parliament against the Glass Tax in 1696. Her death is recorded on William Scott’s gravestone in the North Aisle of Silkstone Church.

In 1718, John Warburton, when preparing his map of Yorkshire, noted as he passed Silkstone Church "pass a rill at the bottom the glass house on the right."

The remains of the glassworks and pottery were excavated by English Heritage in 2003, and the site was subsequently protected as a Scheduled Ancient Monument.Pot House Hamlet now consists of a number of independent small businesses.

Smithies, South Yorkshire

Smithies is an area of Barnsley in South Yorkshire, England. It lies about two miles north east of the town centre.

Smithies was historically a village in the township of Monk Bretton in the parish of Royston in the West Riding of Yorkshire, on the border with the township of Carlton. Monk Bretton became a separate civil parish in 1866, and in 1921 was absorbed into the County Borough of Barnsley. In 1974 the county borough was abolished, and Smithies became part of the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley in the new county of South Yorkshire.

William Foxley Norris

William Foxley Norris (4 February 1859 – 28 September 1937) was Dean of York between 1917 and 1925 and of Westminster from then until his death in 1937.

Born into a clerical family, he was educated at Charterhouse and Trinity College, Oxford, before taking holy orders at Leeds Clergy School. After curacies in Eton and Chatham he embarked on a career that was to take him from pastoral (Incumbencies in Oxfordshire and Yorkshire) to administrative (Diocesan Educational Inspector) posts before a steady rise up the ecclesiastical ladder. He was successively Rural Dean of Silkstone, Rector of Barnsley, and Archdeacon of Halifax. In July 1902 he was appointed an honorary Canon of Wakefield Cathedral.He became Dean of York in 1917, serving as such until 1925 when he was appointed Dean of Westminster. An exceptionally talented artist he wrote widely on church treasures. A much respected cleric, he died on 28 September 1937 and was buried in Westminster Abbey.His grandson was Air Chief Marshal Sir Christopher Foxley-Norris the Battle of Britain pilot who went on to have a distinguished air force career.

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