Siirt Province

Siirt Province, (Turkish: Siirt ili, Kurdish: Parêzgeha Sêrt‎) is a province of Turkey, located in the southeast. The province borders Bitlis to the north, Batman to the west, Mardin to the southwest, Şırnak to the south, and Van to the east. It has an area of 5,406 km² and a total population of 300,695 (as of 2010). The provincial capital is the city of Siirt. The majority of the province's population is Kurdish.[2]

Siirt Province

Siirt ili
Location of Siirt Province in Turkey
Location of Siirt Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionSoutheast Anatolia
SubregionMardin
Government
 • Electoral districtSiirt
Area
 • Total5,406 km2 (2,087 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total331,670
 • Density61/km2 (160/sq mi)
Area code(s)0484
Vehicle registration56

Districts

Siirt province is divided into 7 districts (capital district in bold):

Notes

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Watts, Nicole F. (2010). Activists in Office: Kurdish Politics and Protest in Turkey (Studies in Modernity and National Identity). Seattle: University of Washington Press. p. 167. ISBN 978-0-295-99050-7.

External links

Coordinates: 37°55′48″N 42°16′13″E / 37.93000°N 42.27028°E

2003 Siirt Province by-election

The 2003 by-election in the Province of Siirt was held on 9 March 2003 in order to elect three Members of Parliament from the eastern Turkish province of Siirt to the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. The by-election was held four months after the 2002 general election in November, which the Supreme Electoral Council of Turkey declared null and void in Siirt due to voting irregularities in the district of Pervari. The council decided on 2 December 2002 that the complaints by the local electoral authorities had influenced on the election result, thus calling a by-election.The by-election remains a significant event in Turkish politics, since it allowed Justice and Development Party (AKP) leader Recep Tayyip Erdoğan to run for parliament. Despite having won the 2002 general election with nearly a two-thirds supermajority, Erdoğan had been barred from running for office due to a previous conviction for inciting religious intolerance in 1998. The AKP government, led by the party's co-founder Prime Minister Abdullah Gül, annulled Erdoğan's political ban and thus allowed him to run in the by-election. Gül subsequently resigned and Erdoğan became the 25th Prime Minister of Turkey on 14 March 2003.

Four parties contested the by-election, as opposed to the 19 that contested the 2002 general election. Similar to general elections, the by-election elected three MPs through a party-list proportional representation system using the D'Hondt method. The parties contesting the election were the Justice and Development Party (AKP), the Republican People's Party (CHP), the Workers' Party (İP) and the Communist Party of Turkey (TKP). The AKP won all three seats up for election with 84.82% of the votes, gaining the two other seats that had been won by the CHP and an independent candidate in November 2002. The CHP came second with 13.79% of the vote and lost their seat despite increasing their vote share since November.

Alkumru Dam

The Alkumru Dam is a rock-fill embankment dam on the Botan River, located 14 km (9 mi) east of Siirt in Siirt Province, Turkey. The dam was constructed between 2008 and 2011. It was inaugurated by President Abdullah Gül and Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on 19 May 2011. Its primary purpose is hydroelectric power generation and it supports a 265.5 MW power station. The first two generators were commissioned in March 2011 with the third and final in April 2011.

Botan River

The Botan River (Turkish: Botan Çayı, Botan Suyu, or Uluçay; Kurdish: Çemê Botanê; Neo-Syriac: ܒܵܘܗܬܵܢ ܨܘܼ‎ bō(h)tān ṣū) is located in the Siirt Province of southeastern Turkey. The upstream of the Botan River is often called Çatak, which flows mostly in the Van Province. The uppermost part of the Çatak River, west of the town of Çatak, is sometimes called Norduz. It originates in the high mountains around the Nordüz Plateau, near the border between Van and Hakkâri, and flows westwards before it turns to the northwest. The river has shaped a canyon on its way. The altitude difference between the valley and the top of the mountains reaches about 1,000 m (3,300 ft).

Rulers: Botan river once Had Mir(s)مير ruling it under the Shahen Family later followed by his son Ahmed and the last Mir of Botan Shahen's Grandson Rasul

The Çatak River is joined by the Büyükdere River at Çukurca, near Pervari in the Siirt Province, after which it is named Botan Suyu (Uluçay). Running westwards by east of Aydınlar and Siirt, it reaches Bostancık locality. Here, the rivers Zorava and Bitlis join the Botan. Finally at Çattepe in Siirt Province, it joins the Tigris River, after which the Tigris sharply turns southwards.The discharge of Botan River from spring to mid-summer averages about 100–300 m³/s (3,500–11,000 cu ft/s), while it reaches in April and June about 400–600 m³/s (14,000–21,000 cu ft/s, and in May it peaks at about 700–1,000 m³/s (25,000–35,000 cu ft/s and sometimes more. At this time, it looks much bigger than the Tigris River. At the end of summer or in the fall, its depth is not less than 1 m (3.3 ft), and its outflow not less than around 60–80 m³/s (2,100–2,800 cu ft/s).Crossing is only possible by boat. The river runs in narrow, deep and steep valleys. Lowlands are rare on its way, preventing it use for irrigation.

Diyarbekir Vilayet

The Vilayet of Diyâr-ı Bekr (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت ديار بكر‎, Vilâyet-i Diyarbakır) was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, wholly located within what is now modern Turkey. The vilayet extended south from Palu on the Euphrates to Mardin and Nusaybin on the edge of the Mesopotamian plain. After the establishment of Republic of Turkey in 1923, the region was incorporated into the newly created state.

At the beginning of the 20th century, it reportedly had an area of 18,074 square miles (46,810 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 471,462. The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.

Eruh

Eruh (Kurdish: Dih‎) is a district of Siirt Province of Turkey. Its eponymous city center has 8855 inhabitants.

Hértevin language

The Hértevin language is a modern Eastern Aramaic or Syriac language. It was originally spoken in a cluster of villages in Siirt Province in southeastern Turkey. Speakers of Hértevin Aramaic have emigrated mostly to the West, and are now scattered and isolated from one another. A few speakers remain in Turkey.

Kirazlık Dam

The Kirazlık Dam is a gravity dam on the Botan River, 9 km (6 mi) east of Siirt in Siirt Province of southeastern Turkey. The purpose of the dam is to regulate the outflow of the Alkumru Dam upstream and to produce hydroelectric power with a run-of-the-river design. The dam was completed in late 2011 and the power station become operational in 2013. The power plant houses three 15 MW Kaplan turbine-generators.

Kurtalan

Kurtalan (Kurdish: Misirc‎) is a district of Siirt Province of Turkey.

List of populated places in Siirt Province

Below is the list of populated places in Siirt Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

Pervari

Pervari (Kurdish: Xisxêr‎) is a district of Siirt Province of Turkey.

Siirt

Siirt (Arabic: سِعِرْد‎ Siʿird, Armenian: Սղերդ Sġerd, Syriac: ܣܥܪܬ‎ siʿreth, Kurdish: Sêrt‎, Ottoman Turkish: سعرد‎ Greek: Σύρτη) is a city in southeastern Turkey and the seat of Siirt Province). The population of the city according to the 2009 census was 129,188. The majority of the city's population is Kurdish.

Siirt (electoral district)

Siirt is an electoral district of the Grand National Assembly of Turkey. It elects three members of parliament (deputies) to represent the province of the same name for a four-year term by the D'Hondt method, a party-list proportional representation system.

Siirt Airport

Siirt Airport (IATA: SXZ, ICAO: LTCL) is an airport in Siirt, the city in Southeastern Anatolian region of Turkey.

Siirt raid

The Siirt raid was an armed raid of PKK in a Turkish military base in Eruh, Siirt province. The raid killed six soldiers from a village guard militia that was supporting the Turkish army in the area. Seven others were injured, while one of the injured, died later of his wounds. No PKK fighters died during the raid, but Turkey claimed that they killed three PKK fighters linked to the attack in Hazro, Diyarbakır Province.

Tigris

The Tigris (; Sumerian: 𒁇𒄘𒃼 Idigna or Idigina; Akkadian: 𒁇𒄘𒃼 Idiqlat; Arabic: دجلة‎ Dijlah [didʒlah]; Syriac: ܕܹܩܠܵܬ‎ Deqlaṯ; Armenian: Տիգրիս Tigris; Դգլաթ Dglatʿ; Hebrew: חידקל Ḥîddeqel; Turkish: Dicle; Kurdish: Dîcle, Dîjla دیجلە‎) is the eastern of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia, the other being the Euphrates. The river flows south from the mountains of southeastern Turkey through Iraq and empties into the Persian Gulf.

Tillo

Tillo or Aydınlar is a district of Siirt Province of Turkey. Name of the district was Aydınlar until 7 November 2013.

Syriac language Tillo means holy spirits, and appropriately it is the home of many tombs. In the 1514 reign of Yavuz Sultan Selim, Tillo was taken by the Ottoman Empire by the Çaldıran Victory. After Tillo became a district of Siirt, it was named Aydınlar. It has an ancient cultural and social history. Lots of visitors come to visit the mausoleums of holy persons such İsmail Fakirullah Hz.,İbrahim Hakkı Hz., Şeyh Hamza El Kebir Hz., Şeyh Mücahit Hz., Gavsul Memduh Hz., Zemzemul Hassa Hz.(Kadın Evliya).

Name of the district is changed on 30-October-2013 by Turkish Parliament after change of constitutional law, which forbids languages to be used for city names other than Turkish, on 30-September-2013.

Van Vilayet

The Vilayet of Van (ولايت وان, Vilâyet-i Van; Armenian: Վանի վիլայեթ, Vani vilayet') was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire. At the beginning of the 20th century it reportedly had a population of about 400,000 and an area of 15,000 square miles (39,000 km2). It was one of the so-called six Armenian vilayets and held, prior to World War I, a large number of Armenians, as well as Assyrian and Azeri minorities.

Çetin Dam

The Çetin Dam is a rock-fill dam with an asphalt-concrete core, currently being constructed on the Botan River in Siirt Province, Turkey. The dam will be located directly downstream of the Botan and Büyük River confluence and have a height of 145 m (476 ft). The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation. The dam's power plant will house three 135 MW Francis turbine-generators. Also part of the Çetin project is a smaller dam 6 km (4 mi) downstream with 45 m (148 ft) in height. The Çetin lower dam will regulate outflows from the Çetin main dam and also produce hydroelectric power with a 112 MW capacity via two 56 MW Kaplan turbine-generators.

The owner was the Norwegian, Statkraft, at a cost of US $678 million. The Contractor was Yϋksel-iLci Joint Venture. Veidekke Industri AS was the subcontractor for Cetin dam. Of the six dams to be built on the Botan River, it will have the largest power plant. Construction on the main dam began in December 2011 and the power plant was expected to be complete in 2015. The project has experienced delays due to Kurdistan Workers' Party attacks on the construction site and equipment. In February 2016, Statkraft suspended construction.

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Şirvan, Turkey

For the city in Azerbaijan, see Şirvan, Azerbaijan.Şirvan (Kurdish: Şêrwan‎) is a district of Siirt Province of Turkey.

Siirt Province of Turkey
Districts

Languages

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