Sigma Phi Epsilon

Sigma Phi Epsilon (ΣΦΕ), commonly known as SigEp, is a social college fraternity for male college students in the United States. It was founded on November 1, 1901, at Richmond College (now the University of Richmond), and its national headquarters remains in Richmond, Virginia. It was founded on three principles: Virtue, Diligence, and Brotherly Love (often abbreviated as "VDBL"). Sigma Phi Epsilon is one of the largest social fraternities in the United States in terms of current undergraduate membership.[2]

Sigma Phi Epsilon
The official coat of arms of Sigma Phi Epsilon.
FoundedNovember 1, 1901
Richmond College, Virginia
Mission statementBuilding Balanced Men
Colors     Red
Sigma Phi Epsilon flag
FlowerViolet and Dark Red Rose
PhilanthropyBig Brothers Big Sisters
Members14,105[1] collegiate
325,252[1] lifetime
Founding principlesVirtue, diligence, and brotherly love
HeadquartersZollinger House
310 S. Boulevard

Richmond, Virginia
United States


OU Sigma Phi Epsilon
Sigma Phi Epsilon Fraternity House at Ohio University.


In the fall of 1900 18-year-old divinity student Carter Ashton Jenkens, the son of a Baptist minister, transferred from Rutgers College of New Jersey to Richmond College, a Baptist institution in the Virginia capital.[3] At Rutgers Jenkens had been initiated into the Chi Phi Fraternity. At Richmond, which did not have a chapter of Chi Phi, Jenkens was part of group of friends who were meeting regularly under the unofficial name the "Saturday Night Club".[4] By early October, 1901, Jenkens had persuaded the group, which had grown to twelve men, to try and establish a chapter of Chi Phi at Richmond. These men were reportedly spurned by the existing fraternities on campus for their sense of morality (seven of the twelve were studying for the ordained ministry) and for their rural, middle-class backgrounds.[3] Jenkens had convinced the others that their chapter could be different from the other fraternities on campus and assured them that Chi Phi's principles were in line with their own. The group's request for a charter, however, was met with refusal as the national fraternity felt that Richmond College was too small to host a Chi Phi chapter.[3] Jenkens and his friends therefore founded their own fraternity.

After several secret meetings throughout October 1901, the new fraternity took shape and on November 1, 1901, the fraternity's first membership roster was publicly posted at the school. It listed the twelve founding members in this order: Carter Ashton Jenkens, Benjamin Donald Gaw, William Hugh Carter, William Andrew Wallace, Thomas Temple Wright, William Lazelle Phillips, Lucian Baum Cox, Richard Spurgeon Owens, Edgar Lee Allen, Robert Alfred McFarland, Franklin Webb Kerfoot and Thomas Vaden McCaul. After much discussion, the group settled on a secret motto and called their fraternity Sigma Phi.[4]

Jenkens, Gaw and Phillips then met with a faculty committee to seek official recognition for their new fraternity. The faculty members were reluctant to recognize a sixth fraternity in a school with only 300 students, especially as more than half the members would be soon-to graduate seniors. Additionally, another national fraternity already existed using the name Sigma Phi.[5] The founders responded that their new fraternity would be different from the others at Richmond, as was being founded upon biblical, egalitarian principles,[5] and new members would quickly be taken in from the undergraduate classes to increase the new fraternity's size, and the fraternity's name was still open to debate.[6] With these assurances from the founders, the faculty committee approved the new fraternity's request for official recognition. Shortly afterwards, the founders met and decided to rename the fraternity Sigma Phi Epsilon.[5]

Badge and colors

The colors dark red and royal purple were chosen to represent fraternity, while the golden heart was chosen as the fraternity's symbol. The principles of Virtue, Diligence and Brotherly Love, were chosen as "The Three Cardinal Principles". Jenkens also designed the fraternity's badge as a golden heart surmounted by a black enameled heart-shaped shield. Upon the shield are inscribed, in gold, the Greek-letters of the fraternity, ΣΦΕ, and below these letters, a skull and crossbones. The meaning of these symbols is divulged during the initiation ritual and known to members only. The founders' badges were designed and ordered before the addition of "Epsilon" to the fraternity's name. Thus they had only a "Sigma" and a "Phi" inscribed on the lobes of the heart, with the skull and crossbones below. A last-minute telegraph sent to the jeweler requested that an "Epsilon" be added "somewhere" on the already-complete badges, so the jeweler replaced the bottom-most gemstones with a black enameled "Epsilon." The badges of founders Carter and McCaul are on display at the Sigma Phi Epsilon headquarters at the fraternity's headquarters.

Chapter house doors are traditionally painted red. The tradition of the red door on Sigma Phi Epsilon Chapter houses began at Syracuse University (New York Alpha) in the 1920s. Brothers there painted the front door of their house red as a token of fraternalism, because it is a fraternity color. Today, all 260 SigEp chapters have red doors.[7]

Acceptance of transgender members

In December 2014, Sigma Phi Epsilon became the first fraternity in the North-American Interfraternity Conference to accept transgender men as members. The National Board of Directors passed the policy by an 8-0 majority vote with three abstentions.[8]


In 2017, the chapter at Auburn University was shut down after several serious allegations were made public about the behaviors of the chapter. As a result, the national office initiated a thorough investigation into the chapter which determined it was guilty of hazing, illicit drug use, and alcohol violations.[9]

In October 2016, the chapter at the University of Wisconsin–Madison was shut down after repeated alcohol and safety violations. The fraternity was consistently cited for providing alcohol to underage students when hosting parties at their fraternity house.[10]

In August 2016, member Dan Drill was sentenced to 74 months in prison after pleading guilty to two counts of rape.[11][12]

In March 2016, the chapter at Purdue University was placed on suspension until 2020 for brutal hazing, alcohol violations, and non-compliance with university rules.[13]

In September 2015, a Sigma Phi Epsilon member at the West Virginia University (WVU) was arrested for allegedly raping a WVU female student at the fraternity's chapterhouse. He faces up to 25 years of prison for the felony charge.[14][15]

In October 2015, Sigma Phi Epsilon revoked the charter of the Jacksonville State University chapter due to hazing and other alleged actions including racism and sexual misconduct. The chapter was ordered to cease operations for three years and remove itself off-campus if the chapter was to be re-activated.[16][17]

In 2014, the Sigma Phi Epsilon chapter of the University of Mississippi was closed after three of its members were found guilty of draping a noose around the statue of James Meredith, the first black student to attend the university. A thorough investigation of the chapter also uncovered the fraternity was guilty of brutally hazing pledges and providing alcohol to underage students.[18][19][20][21]

In September 2014, Tucker Hipps, of Clemson University located in Clemson, South Carolina was found dead in Lake Hartwell after his pledge brothers reported him missing after a run that morning. Both the university and the national fraternity found that the chapter had violated its code of conduct. The investigation is ongoing. In February 2015, Clemson chapter was given a five-year suspension for alleged violations of the student organization conduct code after the death of Hipps.[22][23]

In February 2014, two sexual assaults were reported at the Yale University SigEp chapter fraternity house one block from campus.[24] The fraternity released a statement stating they had allowed their facility to be used by another student group for a private event. According to the fraternity, the allegations were not made against members of the chapter.[25]

In January 2014, 178 grams of marijuana and .21 grams of cocaine were seized from the fraternity house at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. One fraternity member was arrested and charged for drug possession and intent to sell. [26]

In 2013, the fraternity was suspended for two years at Southern Methodist University after torturing a Hispanic fraternity member of Lambda Chi Alpha for four hours. Four Sigma Phi Epsilon members were arrested and charged with assault for kicking, punching, spraying Formula 409 on wounds and cuts, making racist comments, and holding the Lambda Chi Alpha member captive against his will.[27]

In December 2011, the chapter at the University of Vermont was suspended and heavily criticized for circulating a survey that asked fraternity members "If I could rape someone, who would it be?" Feminist groups on campus fought to have the fraternity permanently removed from campus for preying on women and encouraging sexual assault.[28]

In August 2011, the National Board of Directors of Sigma Phi Epsilon voted to support criminal prosecution of anyone hazing members.

In 2011, three Sigma Phi Epsilon members from East Carolina University were arrested and charged with several offenses for possession of 49 grams of marijuana, three Adderall pills, and a dozen stolen street signs at their fraternity house.[29]

In 2010, the fraternity at Florida Atlantic University was suspended after sending a pledge to the hospital. Pledges were "kidnapped" during a prank and their hands and feet were bound with duct tape. They were forced to chug beer and liquor out of a bowl and was sprayed with a squirt gun and colored on with markers. No pledge decided to press charges against members of the fraternity for hazing violations.[30]

In 2007, four members of the fraternity were arrested from Florida State University for hazing after police found 31 pledges shivering in 30 degree weather and covered in raw eggs, catfish-stink bait, flour and vinegar, and their bodies were red with welts.[31]

In 1997, the chapter at San Diego State University was shut down for several years after a pledge nearly died due to a hazing ritual.[32]



  1. ^ a b c
  2. ^ "Fraternity Facts - The National Fraternity". Sigma Phi Epsilon Fraternity. Retrieved 2010-03-23.
  3. ^ a b c "The History of Sigma Phi Epsilon - The first 50 Years > Sigma Phi Epsilon Founded". Retrieved 2006-11-13.
  4. ^ a b "The History of Sigma Phi Epsilon - The first 50 years >The First Meeting". Retrieved 2006-11-13.
  5. ^ a b c "The History of Sigma Phi Epsilon - The First 50 Years > Fraternity Recognized". Retrieved 2006-11-13.
  6. ^ "The First 50 Years". Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  7. ^ "MO Zeta of Sigma Phi Epsilon at Southeast Missouri State University - MO Zeta, Sigma Phi Epsilon , Southeast Missouri State University, chapterspot fraternity websites, chapterspot sorority websites,". Retrieved 2018-12-21.
  8. ^ "National Board of Directors Meeting Minutes" (PDF). December 6, 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 7 August 2015.
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ Salinger, Tobias (September 1, 2016). "University of Minnesota rape victim speaks out on attacker's sentence: 'I expected that I would feel happy, but I just don't'". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
  12. ^ LaBelle, Lindsey (December 29, 2015). "Charges: Ex-U student raped 2 women at frat party, apartment". KMSP-TV. Fox. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  13. ^
  14. ^ Jake Jarvis (September 9, 2015). "Student faces sexual assault charge". The Daily Athenaeum. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  15. ^ Ramsey, Pam (September 9, 2015). "WVU student charged with sexual assault at fraternity house". WTAE. Associated Press. Retrieved December 2, 2015.
  16. ^ Blandin, Venton (October 14, 2015). "Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity at Jacksonville State accused of hazing, has charter revoked". ABC Birmingham. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
  17. ^ Thornton, River (October 14, 2015). "JSU fraternity's charter revoked over hazing allegation". Retrieved October 16, 2015.
  18. ^ "Fraternity shuts Ole Miss branch after James Meredith statue noose tying>". Retrieved 2014-04-20.
  19. ^ "Ole Miss frat shuttered in wake of noose incident". CBS News. Associated Press. 18 April 2014. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  20. ^ Golgowski, Nina (22 February 2014). "University of Mississippi fraternity suspended, 3 members kicked out over noose on statue". New York Daily News. Retrieved 11 December 2014.
  21. ^
  22. ^ Barnett, Ron (5 February 2015). "Clemson suspends Tucker Hipps' fraternity". Greenville Online. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
  23. ^ Cahill, Harrison (4 February 2015). "Clemson University suspends fraternity for five years in wake of student death". The State (South Carolina). Retrieved 10 March 2015.
  24. ^ Southall, Ashley (February 21, 2014). "Two Sexual Assaults Are Reported at Yale". The New York Times. The New York Times. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  25. ^ Ramilo, Marek (February 24, 2014). "YPD reports two sexual assault allegations". Yale Daily News. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  26. ^ "Drugs seized from Sig Ep". The Daily Tar Heel. 2015-11-08. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  27. ^ "SMU fraternity suspended from campus for two years, following alleged assault". Dallas Morning News. 2013-03-26. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  28. ^
  29. ^ "ECU fraternity ordered to cease activities in wake of drug bust | News - WCTI NewsChannel 12". Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  30. ^
  31. ^ "State: 4 students arrested in hazing investigation". 2007-01-31. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
  32. ^

External links

Benjamin Stephenson House

The Benjamin Stephenson House is a Federal style home built in 1820 in the city of Edwardsville, Illinois, United States. The house was constructed by prominent Edwardsville citizen and Illinois politician Benjamin Stephenson. He died shortly after the home's completion and the home had 15 subsequent owners, some of whom made major alterations to the original structure. In 1845 the addition of an ell altered the appearance of the house. The last two owners were the Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity and the current owner, the city of Edwardsville.

In 1999 the city of Edwardsville purchased the home from the Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity and in 2001 a restoration project began. The project aimed to restore the house to its authentic 1820s appearance and open the house as a public museum. The house has been the subject of tales of ghostly activity since at least the 1970s, though no recent reports exist. The Stephenson House has prominence for its architecture and for its affiliation with Illinois politics. The building was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1980.

Christian Claudio

Christian Claudio, (born on 17 June 1973 in San Juan, Puerto Rico) was a two-time member of the Puerto Rican national taekwondo Olympic team.Although born in Puerto Rico, Christian Claudio was raised in Oklahoma, where he attended Putnam City High School and then University of Oklahoma, where he was a member of the Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity, and from where he graduated in 1995. He was Oklahoma State Taekwondo Champion in the Middle or Heavy weight division from 1988 until 1994. Christian also was on the Puerto Rican National Olympic Team as an alternate for 1996 Games in Atlanta and was the team Heavy Weight for the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, Australia. Unfortunately, Christian was forced to resign from the team due to injury and retired from International Competition soon after.Currently, Christian Claudio is the Director of the Physical Therapy and Sports Performance Practice at Kaye/Bassman International. He was named Kaye/Bassman’s Rookie of the Year in 2009. Furthermore, he completed the year as the highest billing non-partner consultant within the organization. Christian is one of the most sought after retained consultant for the nation's leading Healthcare Systems and Sports Performance Facilities.He currently resides in McKinney, Texas with his wife and his two children.

Hobson Snead

Ernest Hobson Snead (1896–1947) was an American football player and coach. He served as the head football coach at Bluefield College in Bluefield, Virginia from 1923 to 1924. Snead played college football at the University of Richmond, where he was a starting fullback in 1919.

Hubert A. Caldwell

Hubert Augustus Caldwell (December 26, 1907 – August 9, 1972) was an American athlete who competed in Men's Crew.

He was in the University of California, Berkeley class of 1929 and a member of the California-Alpha Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity. An oars-man for his university's crew team, he competed in the 1928 Olympics in Amersterdam for which the team brought back gold medals. He was a member of the US National Championship Crew Team that year.


Humorology, or "Humo" for short, is an annual juried musical/variety show that takes place at the Union Theater of the University of Wisconsin–Madison. The competition consists of six original mini musical comedies written, produced and performed by independent companies and overseen by a student-run executive board. Begun, in 1948, Humorology is one of the oldest traditions at the UW–Madison.

Iowa Beta Chapter of Sigma Phi Epsilon

Iowa Beta Chapter of Sigma Phi Epsilon is a historic building in Ames, Iowa, United States. It is a large four-story brick structure that was built in 1931 for the Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity at Iowa State College (now Iowa State University). It was designed by Des Moines architect Amos B. Emery. It is the only Tudor Revival style building designed by Emory, and only one of two fraternity houses that he designed. The building features ornamental half-timbering and stucco veneered walls, a steeply pitched roof with two separate cross-gabled sections, and a two-story wing that is oriented diagonally from the main body of the house. Three of the four-floors are above grade and one is exposed on the back side via the sloping lot.

The Iowa Beta chapter of Sigma Phi Epsilon was chartered on April 20, 1916. It was the fraternity's fortieth local chapter. During World War II part of the building was rented to female students as many male students left to join the military. A fire damaged the third floor in 1943. In 1952, the kitchen and the house mother's quarters were expanded. Journalist Robert L. Bartley resided here until his graduation from Iowa State in 1959. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014.

J. C. Snead

Jesse Carlyle "J. C." Snead (born October 14, 1940) is an American professional golfer who has won many tournaments on both the PGA Tour and Champions Tour. Snead is the nephew of the legendary Sam Snead.Snead, who preferred if people called him by his middle name Carlyle, was born in Hot Springs, Virginia. He attended East Tennessee State University in Johnson City, Tennessee, where he was a member of Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity. He played pro baseball in the Washington Senators farm system before becoming a professional golfer in 1964. He joined the PGA Tour in 1968.Snead won eight tournaments on the PGA Tour, four on the Champions Tour, and one in international competition. He was a member of the 1971, 1973 and 1975 Ryder Cup teams. Snead's biggest career disappointment is that he never won a major championship on the PGA Tour; however, Snead made his career mark as one of the tour's most consistent players with more than 7 million dollars in career earnings. Snead recorded two runner-up finishes in majors. He finished 2nd at 1973 Masters Tournament and in a tie for 2nd at the 1978 U.S. Open.In 2003, Snead was inducted into the Virginia Sports Hall of Fame.

In his free time Snead enjoys hunting and farming. He has one son, Jason, who was born in 1978. He currently resides in Hobe Sound, Florida.

Julian Illingworth

Julian Illingworth (born January 30, 1984) is a retired American professional squash player.

Illingworth first made an impression on the American junior circuit in 1998-1999 when he finished third in the country for boys under 16.

Illingworth attended Yale University when his age was 18. He was a 4 time All-American selection and 4 time All-Ivy selection on the squash team. He also won 2 national individual titles during his junior and senior years at Yale.While at Yale, Illingworth was also a member of Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity.After Illingworth graduated from college in 2006, he played professionally for 8 years. He became the highest-ranked American male player of all-time after reaching no. 24 in the world. He is a record 9-time U.S. national champion, with 8 successive titles from 2005 to 2012. He was the inaugural US Pro Squash Series champion for the 2012-13 season. Illingworth retired from playing full-time on the PSA World Tour in 2014.

Kenneth T. Derr

Kenneth T. Derr is a member of the board of directors of the Halliburton Company. He is a retired Chairman of the Board, Chevron Corporation (international oil company). He served as Chevron's Chairman and Chief Executive Officer from January 1, 1989, to December 31, 1999, when he was succeeded by David J. O'Reilly. Derr is also a former Chairman of the Board of Calpine Corporation, a director of Citigroup Inc., and a former director of Potlatch Corporation. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.

Derr attended Cornell University and was a member of the Sphinx Head Society and the Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity.

Derr had served as the vice chairman starting in 1985, where he was responsible for the firm's domestic operations. He had earlier spent a year and a half charged with responsibility for implementing the merger of Chevron and Gulf Oil after the firm purchased Gulf in 1984. In August 1988, Chevron named Derr as chairman to succeed George M. Keller, who would be reaching the mandatory retirement age of 65. Keller was to leave office as of January 1, 1989.

Kent C. Nelson

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A native of Kokomo, Indiana, Nelson received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Business Administration from Ball State University in 1959. At Ball State, Oz became a brother of the Sigma Phi Epsilon Fraternity.

Nelson is chairman of the Annie E. Casey Foundation, the world's largest foundation dedicated to helping disadvantaged children. He serves as a director of the United Way of America and the United Way of Metropolitan Atlanta.He has been active in several educational initiatives: the Partnership for Kentucky Schools and the Atlanta Chamber of Commerce Education Committee. Nelson was also appointed to the Georgia Governors Education Reform Committee. Nelson serves on the Board of Trustees of The Carter Center of Emory University and the Ball State University Foundation. He is also a member of the board of directors Columbia/HCA Healthcare Corporation and the CDC Foundation.

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List of Oklahoma State University Greek alumni

This is a list of notable Greek alumni from Oklahoma State University.

List of Sigma Phi Epsilon brothers

List of notable members of Sigma Phi Epsilon.

List of Sigma Phi Epsilon chapters

The following is a list of the chapters of the Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity. They are listed by school name, their Greek letter designation, and the year in which it was first chartered. Inactive (closed) chapters are noted in italics, while chapters that are currently Sigma Epsilon Chapters (SEC: newly formed chapters not yet chartered, sometimes known as "colonies") and chapters which are Residential Learning Communities (RLC) are noted as well.

List of Worcester Polytechnic Institute fraternities and sororities

The following is a list of fraternities and sororities at Worcester Polytechnic Institute. As of 2013, there were 13 active fraternities and 6 sororities.

Marshall Glenn

Marshall "Little Sleepy" Glenn (April 22, 1908 – October 11, 1983) was a player and coach of American football and basketball and a physician. He served as the head football coach at West Virginia University from 1937 to 1939, compiling a record of 14–12–3, and the school's head basketball coach from 1933 to 1938, tallying a mark of 61–46. Glenn was born on April 22, 1908 in Elkins, West Virginia. He died on October 11, 1983 at Washington Country Hospital in Hagerstown, Maryland from injuries sustained in a car accident on U.S. Route 340. While attending West Virginia University he was a member of Sigma Phi Epsilon.

Roger Festa

Roger R. Festa was a professor of chemistry at Truman State University in Kirksville, MO. Festa completed his AB at Saint Michael's College, his MA at the University of Vermont, his PhD at the University of Connecticut, and post-doctoral study at Indiana University. Festa served as president of the American Institute of Chemists during 1996 and 1997, and on the AIC Board of Directors for 18 years, seven of which as an officer. He continued his service as a member of the Board of Trustees of the American Institute of Chemists Foundation. From 1980 to 1990, Festa served as an associate editor of the Journal of Chemical Education. His primary research interest was in the processes and outcomes of undergraduate chemistry education. Festa was also a member of Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity, and served as the faculty advisor of the Missouri Mu chapter at Truman State University. He was also a member of the Board of Governors of the Sigma Phi Epsilon Educational Foundation. In 1985, Festa and H. David Wohlers established Truman's chapter of Alpha Chi Sigma, the co-ed professional fraternity in chemistry. Festa was an emeritus member of the Council of Scientific Society Presidents. Roger Festa died in St. Louis on May 25, 2018.

Sigma Phi Epsilon Literary Society

Sigma Phi Epsilon Literary Society (ΣΦΕ) is one of three female societies at Illinois College in Jacksonville, IL. Sigma Phi Epsilon was founded January 22, 1916. Sigma Phi Epsilon is headquartered on the top floor of the David A. Smith house on the Illinois College campus.

Theta Upsilon Omega

Theta Upsilon Omega (ΘΥΩ), or TUO, was a national collegiate fraternity. Representatives of several local fraternities at a December 1, 1923 meeting of the National Interfraternity Conference concluded to form a new national through amalgamation, resulting in the creation of Theta Upsilon Omega on May 2, 1924. On April 23, 1938, it merged with Sigma Phi Epsilon.

Tom Mullen

Thomas Patrick Mullen (born November 11, 1951) is a former American football offensive lineman who played five seasons in the National Football League with the New York Giants and St. Louis Cardinals. He was drafted by the New York Giants in the second round of the 1974 NFL Draft. He played college football at Southwest Missouri State University and attended St. John Vianney High School in Kirkwood, Missouri. Mullen is a brother of Sigma Phi Epsilon Fraternity.

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