Sibi

Sibi (Balochi and Urdu: سِبی‎; Pashto: سيوۍ‎) or Siwei is a city situated in the Balochistan province of Pakistan. The city is the headquarters of the district and tehsil of the same name.[2]

Sibi

سِبی, Siwei
Sibi is located in Balochistan, Pakistan
Sibi
Sibi
Sibi is located in Pakistan
Sibi
Sibi
Coordinates: 29°33′N 67°53′E / 29.550°N 67.883°ECoordinates: 29°33′N 67°53′E / 29.550°N 67.883°E
Country Pakistan
ProvinceBalochistan
DistrictSibi
Government
 • Senior Superintendent of JailSyed Abdul Razzaq
Elevation
130 m (430 ft)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total157,000
 • Density32/km2 (80/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
[1]

Etymology

The origin of the town's name is attributed to Rani Sewi, a Hindu lady of the Sewa Dynasty who ruled Balochistan before the 7th century.[3]

History

The history of the Sibi region dates back to the 7th century at the earliest, when it was ruled by the Sewa dynasty.[4] In the early 13th century, Sibi was a dependency of Multan under Nasiruddin Qabacha of the Ghurid Empire. The area was then variously subject to Multan or Sindh throughout much of its history. The Arghun dynasty of Kandahar invaded in the late 15th century and seized Sibi from the Samma dynasty of Sindh, but it was returned to Sindh during the Mughal period.[5][6] Sibi was governed by the Kalhora dynasty during the early 18th century, which in turn paid tribute to the Afsharids after Nader Shah's invasion in 1737. In 1747, the Durrani Empire assumed control of Sibi[7] and appointed local administrators from the Barozai clan.[8]

Sibbi came under the control of the British Crown in 1880, and was an important junction on the Harnai and Quetta loop railway lines.[9] It later achieved independence as part of the new nation of Pakistan in 1947.

Besides the town of Sibi, the district once included the hill station of Ziarat, the summer residence of the government[10] and The Victoria Memorial Hall, now known as Jirga Hall,[11] which was built in 1903.[12]

Festivals

Sibi Mela is celebrated every February and has been observed since the 16th century.

Climate

Sibi has globally record high temperatures especially in the month of June with an average of 52 °C in the afternoon. Precipitation is light and mainly falls in two distinct periods: early spring in March and April, and during monsoon season in July and August.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Sibi Falling Rain Genomics
  2. ^ https://www.politicpk.com/sibi-district-uc-list-mna-mpa-seats-and-profile/
  3. ^ The tribal Baluchistan by Syed Abdul Quddus page 49
  4. ^ The tribal Baluchistan by Syed Abdul Quddus page 49
  5. ^ Khan, Muhammad Jawad. "BHC :: Sibi > History of District". bhc.gov.pk. Retrieved 2017-07-31.
  6. ^ Davies, p. 627
  7. ^ Ansari, Sarah F. D. (1992-01-31). Sufi Saints and State Power: The Pirs of Sind, 1843–1947. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521405300.
  8. ^ Khan, Muhammad Jawad. "BHC :: Sibi > History of District". bhc.gov.pk. Retrieved 2017-07-31.
  9. ^ "Sibbi Balouchistan Pakistan". Travel and Culture Services. Retrieved 2019-06-27.
  10. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Sibi" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 18.
  11. ^ "Sibi". Government of Balochistan. Archived from the original on 10 March 2012. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  12. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica: a new survey of universal knowledge, Volume 3. Encyclopœdia Britannica. Retrieved 2008-08-17. Almost all the people are Muslim ; the largest Hindu minorities are in the Sibi (9%) and Kalat (2%) districts.
  13. ^ "Sibbi Climate Normals 1971–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 17, 2013.

Sibi City

A. K. Lohithadas

Ambazhathil Karunakaran Lohithadas (5 May 1955 – 28 June 2009) was an Indian screenwriter, playwright, director, and producer known for his extensive work in Malayalam cinema. Lohithadas was known for his rich, detailed, and realistic screenplays. In a career spanning over two decades, his films have won a National Film Award, 6 Kerala State Film Awards, and 14 Kerala Film Critics Award for Best Script.Lohithadas made his debut as a screenwriter with Thaniyavarthanam (1987). He has written screenplays for 35 films in a 24-year-long career, such as Vicharana (1988), Ezhuthapurangal (1988), Kireedam (1989), Dasharatham (1989), Mrugaya (1989), His Highness Abdullah (1990), Sasneham (1990), Bharatham (1991), Amaram (1991), Aadhaaram (1992), Kamaladalam (1992), Vatsalyam (1993), Venkalam (1993), Padheyam (1993), Chenkol (1993), Chakoram (1994), Thooval Kottaram (1996), Sallapam (1996), and Veendum Chila Veettukaryangal (1999). He later became a director, and made his directorial debut with Bhoothakkannadi (1997). He later wrote and directed other films such as Karunyam (1997), Kanmadam (1998), Joker (2000), and Kasthooriman (2003). He died on 29 June 2009 due to a heart attack.

Balochistan, Pakistan

Balochistan (; Urdu: بلوچِستان‎)

is one of the four provinces of Pakistan. It is the largest province in terms of land area, forming the southwestern region of the country, but is the least populated. Its provincial capital and largest city is Quetta.

Balochistan shares borders with Punjab and the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the northeast, Sindh to the east and southeast, the Arabian Sea to the south, Iran to the west and Afghanistan to the north and northwest.

The main ethnic groups in the province are the Baloch people and the Pashtuns, who constitute 52% and 36% of the population respectively (according to the preliminary 2011 census). The remaining 12% comprises smaller communities of Brahuis, Hazaras along with other settlers such as Sindhis, Punjabis, Uzbeks and Turkmens. The name "Balochistan" means "the land of the Baloch". Largely underdeveloped, its provincial economy is dominated by natural resources, especially its natural gas fields, estimated to have sufficient capacity to supply Pakistan's demands over the medium to long term. Aside from Quetta, the second-largest city of the province is Turbat in the south, while another area of major economic importance is Gwadar Port on the Arabian Sea.

Balochistan is noted for its unique culture and extremely dry desert climate.

Bukhtiarabad Domki railway station

Bukhtiarabad Domki railway station (Urdu: بختیار آباد ڈومکی ریلوے اسٹیشن ‎, Balochi:بختیار آباد ڈومکی ریلوے اسٹیشن ) is located in Bukhtiarabad Domki town, Nasirabad district of Balochistan province of the Pakistan.

Constituency PB-21 (Sibi-I)

PB-21 (Sibi-I) is a constituency of the Provincial Assembly of Balochistan.

Flash (2007 film)

Flash is a 2007 Indian Malayalam-language thriller film directed by Sibi Malayil and written by S. Bhasurachandran. It was produced and distributed by Tomichan Mulakuppadam. The film stars Mohanlal and Parvathy Thiruvothu. The plot revolves around Dhwani (Parvathy), who has to go through some harrowing experiences, and her big, joint family. Flash was released on 25 December 2007

Lehri District

Lehri District was the 31st district in Balochistan, Pakistan. It was created in May 2013 from parts of the districts of Sibi and Kachhi.Mostly the people are from the Domki, Sial and Jamote tribes are living in same district. In January 2018, the Cabinet of Balochistan decided to remove Lehri district, which would be annexed into Sibi.

Lehri District used to consist of the following tehsils:

Bhag

LehriBakhtiarabad will be the headquarters of the new district carved out under section 6 of the Balochistan Land Revenue Act 1967, according to a notification issued by the revenue department on Tuesday.

It said the district would comprise the tehsils of Lehri and Bhag, except the Sorani revenue area. The tehsils have been separated from the districts of Sibi and Kachhi.

Separating Lehri from Sibi was a longstanding demand of political parties and people of the area.

The number of districts in Balochistan has now reached 31.

NA-259 (Dera Bugti-cum-Kohlu-cum-Barkhan-cum-Sibbi-cum-Lehri)

NA-259 (Dera Bugti-cum-Kohlu-cum-Barkhan-cum-Sibbi-cum-Lehri) is a newly-created a constituency for the National Assembly of Pakistan. It comprises the districts of Dera Bugti, Kohlu, Barkhan, Sibi and Lehri from the province of Balochistan.

Nedumudi Venu

Kesavan Venugopal Nair (born 22 May 1948), known popularly by his stage name Nedumudi Venu, is an Indian film actor from Kerala. Widely regarded as one of the greatest actors in Indian cinema, he has acted in more than 500 films. He has also written screenplays and has directed one film. He has won two National Film Awards and six Kerala State Film Awards for his various performances.

Perak railway station

Perak railway station (Urdu: پیراک ریلوے اسٹیشن‎, Balochi:پیراک ریلوے اسٹیشن) is located in Perak village, Sibi district of Balochistan province, Pakistan.

Sabbeh

Sabbeh (Persian: سبه‎, also Romanized as Sabeh; also known as Sibi) is a village in Rob-e Shamat Rural District, Sheshtomad District, Sabzevar County, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 409, in 99 families.

Sibi Airport

Sibi Seaport (IATA: SBQ, ICAO: OPSB) is a domestic airport located at Sibi, a city in the Balochistan province of Pakistan.

Sibi District

Sibi (Balochi: سبی‎) is a district in the Balochistan province of Pakistan. The main mountain ranges are Zen, Bambore and Dungan. The climatic and topography of Sibi District is quite varied compared to other districts of Balochistan. It is also known as the "Hot spot" of Pakistan where the temperatures in the summer exceed 52.6 °C (126.7 °F). Until 2013 the district had two sub-divisions, Sibi and Lehri, further organized into tehsils and sub-tehsils: Sibi, Lehri, Kutmandi and Sangan.

Sibi Division

Sibi Division (Balochi: سبی‎) was an administrative division of Balochistan Province, Pakistan, until the reforms of 2000 abolished the third tier of government.

At abolition it contained the following districts:

Sibi District (created 1903)

Kohlu District (1974)

Dera Bugti District (1983)

Ziarat District (1986)

Harnai District (2007)

Lehri District (2013)

Sibi Kuroto Forest Park

Sibi Kuroto Forest Park is a forest park in the Gambia. Established on January 1, 1954, it covers 174 hectares.

Sibi Malayil

Sibi Malayil (born 2 May 1956) is an Indian film director who works in Malayalam cinema.

Sibi Sathyaraj

Sibi Sathyaraj (also credited as Sibiraj) is an Indian actor working in the Tamil film industry. He is the son of Tamil film actor Sathyaraj.

Sibi railway station

Sibi Junction railway station (Urdu: سبی جنکشن ریلوے اسٹیشن‎, Balochi: سبی جنکشن ریلوے اسٹیشن) is located in Sibi, Balochistan, Pakistan. It is staffed and has a booking office. The station served as the junction between the Rohri-Chaman Railway Line and Kandahar State Railway.

Udaykrishna–Sibi K. Thomas

Udaykrishna–Sibi K. Thomas is a screenwriter duo known for their works in Malayalam cinema. Most of their works are in the comedy genre. They wrote films such as Mattupetti Machan (1998), Udayapuram Sulthan (1999), Dhosth (2001), C.I.D. Moosa (2003), Runway (2004), Thuruppu Gulan (2005), Twenty:20 (2008), Pokkiri Raja (2010), Christian Brothers (2011) and Mayamohini (2012); all commercial hits.The duo began as assistant directors under writer/director Balu Kiriyath and wrote their first screenplay in 1997, for Hitler Brothers. They got their break through Mattuppetti Machan (1998). Udayapuram Sulthan (1999) made them bankable screenwriters. They made memorable films with directors including Joshiy, Johny Antony, Jose Thomas and Sandhya Mohan.

The duo are often criticised for the lack of content in their screenplays and their continuing association with superstars. Most of their films were hits. The duo parted in 2015. Udayakrishna continued as a scriptwriter while Sibi K. Thomas became a filmmaker. Udayakrishna's first independent script was Pulimurugan (2016) which became the first Malayalam film to gross over ₹100 and ₹150 crore at the box office, the highest-grossing Malayalam film ever.

Climate data for Sibi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 33.2
(91.8)
33.4
(92.1)
41.1
(106.0)
47.0
(116.6)
51.0
(123.8)
52.0
(125.6)
51.7
(125.1)
48.5
(119.3)
46.1
(115.0)
43.9
(111.0)
40.0
(104.0)
34.0
(93.2)
52.0
(125.6)
Average high °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
25.0
(77.0)
30.9
(87.6)
37.7
(99.9)
43.5
(110.3)
46.0
(114.8)
42.9
(109.2)
41.1
(106.0)
39.8
(103.6)
37.0
(98.6)
30.5
(86.9)
24.5
(76.1)
35.1
(95.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.1
(57.4)
16.7
(62.1)
22.7
(72.9)
30.1
(86.2)
35.6
(96.1)
38.6
(101.5)
36.3
(97.3)
34.9
(94.8)
32.8
(91.0)
28.0
(82.4)
21.4
(70.5)
15.8
(60.4)
27.2
(81.1)
Average low °C (°F) 5.9
(42.6)
8.8
(47.8)
15.0
(59.0)
22.1
(71.8)
27.7
(81.9)
30.8
(87.4)
29.9
(85.8)
29.1
(84.4)
26.2
(79.2)
19.3
(66.7)
12.4
(54.3)
7.0
(44.6)
19.5
(67.1)
Record low °C (°F) 0.0
(32.0)
1.0
(33.8)
3.8
(38.8)
12.2
(54.0)
18.0
(64.4)
23.0
(73.4)
20.6
(69.1)
19.7
(67.5)
15.6
(60.1)
10.0
(50.0)
4.0
(39.2)
−2.3
(27.9)
−2.3
(27.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 6.9
(0.27)
9.9
(0.39)
24.7
(0.97)
14.9
(0.59)
2.4
(0.09)
6.0
(0.24)
35.6
(1.40)
30.3
(1.19)
7.7
(0.30)
1.1
(0.04)
1.5
(0.06)
3.3
(0.13)
144.3
(5.67)
Source: NOAA (1971–1990)[13]
Populated places
Railway stations

Languages

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