Siberian Federal District

Siberian Federal District (Russian: Сиби́рский федера́льный о́круг, Sibirsky federalny okrug) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. Its population was 17,178,298 (??% urban) according to the 2010 Census,[2] living in an area of 4,361,800 square kilometers (1,684,100 sq mi).[1] The entire federal district lies within the continent of Asia.

The district was created by presidential decree on May 13, 2000 and covers around 30% of the total land area of Russia.[4] In November 2018, Buryatia and Zabaykalsky Krai were removed from the Siberian Federal District and added to the Far Eastern Federal District in accordance with a decree issued by Russian President Vladimir Putin.[5]

Coordinates: 55°N 83°E / 55°N 83°E

Siberian Federal District

Сибирский федеральный округ
Location of the Siberian Federal District
Location of the Siberian Federal District
Country Russia
EstablishedMay 18, 2000
Administrative centerNovosibirsk
 • Presidential EnvoySergey Menyaylo
 • Total4,361,800 km2 (1,684,100 sq mi)
Area rank2nd
 • Total17,178,298[2]
 • Rank3rd
 • Density3.8/km2 (10/sq mi)
 • Urban
 • Rural
Federal subjects10 contained
Economic regions2 contained
HDI (2017)0.788[3]
high · 7th


Federal subjects

The district comprises the West Siberian (part) and East Siberian economic regions and ten federal subjects:

Siberian Federal District
# Flag Federal subject Area in km2[1] Population (2010) Capital/Administrative center
1 Flag of Altai Republic.svg Altai Republic 92,900 206,168 Gorno-Altaysk
2 Flag of Altai Krai.svg Altai Krai 168,000 2,419,755 Barnaul
3 Flag of Irkutsk Oblast.svg Irkutsk Oblast 774,800 2,248,750 Irkutsk
4 Flag of Kemerovo oblast.svg Kemerovo Oblast 95,700 2,763,135 Kemerovo
5 Flag of Krasnoyarsk Krai.svg Krasnoyarsk Krai 2,366,800 2,828,187 Krasnoyarsk
6 Flag of Novosibirsk oblast.svg Novosibirsk Oblast 177,800 2,665,911 Novosibirsk
7 Flag of Omsk Oblast.svg Omsk Oblast 141,100 1,977,665 Omsk
8 Flag of Tomsk Oblast.svg Tomsk Oblast 314,400 1,047,394 Tomsk
9 Flag of Tuva.svg Tuva Republic 168,600 307,930 Kyzyl
10 Flag of Khakassia.svg Republic of Khakassia 61,600 532,403 Abakan

Presidential plenipotentiary envoys

  1. Leonid Drachevsky (May 18, 2000 - September 9, 2004)
  2. Anatoly Kvashnin (September 9, 2004 - September 9, 2010)
  3. Viktor Tolokonsky (September 9, 2010 - May 12, 2014)
  4. Nikolay Rogozhkin (May 12, 2014 - July 28, 2016)
  5. Sergey Menyaylo (since July 28, 2016)[6]

See also


  1. ^ a b c "1.1. ОСНОВНЫЕ СОЦИАЛЬНО-ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКИЕ ПОКАЗАТЕЛИ в 2014 г." [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014]. Regions of Russia. Socioeconomic indicators - 2015 (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  4. ^ "Siberia Federal District, Russia (Siberian)". Retrieved July 15, 2012.
  5. ^ "Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации". Retrieved November 4, 2018.
  6. ^ "Путин освободил Меняйло от должности губернатора Севастополя" (in Russian). Echo of Moscow. July 28, 2016. Retrieved July 28, 2016.

External links

2007 Siberian orange snow

The Siberian orange snow of 2007 was an anomalous phenomenon that occurred in early February, 2007. Beginning on Wednesday, January 31st, 2007 an orange-tinted snow fell across an area of 1,500 square kilometres (580 sq mi) in Omsk Oblast, Siberian Federal District, Russia, approximately 1,400 miles from Moscow, as well as into the neighboring Oblasts of Tomsk and Tyumen. It was unclear what caused the orange snow. Speculation ranged from pollutants to a storm in neighboring Kazakhstan.

2014 Russian Artistic Gymnastics Championships

The 2014 Russian Artistic Gymnastics Championships will be held in Penza, Russia from April 3 to April 6 for WAG and April 10 to April 13 for MAG.

Altai Republic

The Altai Republic (; Russian: Респу́блика Алта́й, romanized: Respúblika Altáj, pronounced [rʲɪˈspublʲɪkə ɐlˈtaj]; Altai: Алтай Республика, Altay Respublika) is a federal subject (a republic) of Russia. It is geographically located in the West Siberia region of Asian Russia, and is part of the Siberian Federal District. The Altai Republic covers an area of 92,600 square kilometers (35,800 sq mi) and has a population of 206,168 (2010 Census), the least-populous republic of Russia and federal subject in the Siberian Federal District.Gorno-Altaysk is the capital and the largest town of the Altai Republic.

The Altai Republic is one of Russia's ethnic republics, primarily representing the indigenous Altay people, a Turkic ethnic group that form 35% of the Republic's population, while ethnic Russians form a majority at 57%, and with minority populations of Kazakhs, other Central Asian ethnicities, and Germans. The official languages of the Altai Republic are Russian and the Altay language.

Anatoly Kvashnin

General of the Army Anatoly Vasiliyevich Kvashnin (Russian: Анатолий Васильевич Квашнин; born 15 August 1949, Ufa) was the Chief of the Russian General Staff from 1997 to 2004, when he was dismissed by President Vladimir Putin.

Kvashnin graduated from the Kurgan Machine-building Institute in 1969 and served in the armed forces from this time. He began serving in the military as deputy commander of a tank company then moved on to hold various command and staff positions. He later attended the Malinovsky Tank Academy graduating in 1976. It was reported that he commanded the 78th Tank Division in the Central Asia Military District from 1982 to 1987. He graduated from the USSR Armed Forces General Staff Academy in 1989. He holds a candidate degree in sociological sciences, a doctorate in military sciences and is a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Missile and Artillery Science.

Kvashnin had previously served as commander of the North Caucasus Military District. As of 2007, he served as the President's Representative in the Siberian Federal District.

As Chief of the Russian General Staff he had some success in reforming the command structure for the strategic deterrent forces, but feuded with Defence Minister Sergei Ivanov and many of his subordinates. Kvashnin also proved to be indecisive at times, he split then merged the Volga-Urals Military District, combined the Strategic Rocket Forces with the Russian Space Forces and the Early Warning System, then restored their independence.

Borders of Russia

Russia has international borders with 16 sovereign states, including two with maritime boundaries (US, Japan), as well as with the partially recognized states of South Ossetia and Abkhazia. With a land border running 20,241 kilometres (12,577 mi) in total, Russia has (after China), the second-longest land border of any country.

East Siberian economic region

East Siberian economic region (Russian: Восто́чно-Сиби́рский экономи́ческий райо́н, Vostochno-Sibirsky ekonomichesky rayon) is one of twelve economic regions of Russia.

In this area of plateaus, mountains, and river basins, the major cities—Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk, Ulan-Ude, and Chita—are located along the Trans-Siberian Railroad. A branch line links Ulan-Ude with Mongolia and Beijing, China. There are hydroelectric stations at Bratsk, Krasnoyarsk, and Irkutsk. Coal, gold, graphite, iron ore, aluminum ore, zinc, and lead are mined in the area, and livestock is raised.

List of airports in Russia

This is a list of airports in Russia (Russian Federation), sorted by location. As of September 2018, Russia had 227 operational airports registered by the Federal Air Transport Agency.

List of rural localities in Tomsk Oblast

This is a list of rural localities in Tomsk Oblast. Tomsk Oblast (Russian: То́мская о́бласть, Tomskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). It lies in the southeastern West Siberian Plain, in the southwest of the Siberian Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Tomsk. According to the 2010 Russian Census, the population is 1,047,394.

5 kilometr

86th Kvartal







Novy Tevriz

Novy Vasyugan



Sredny Vasyugan


Russia women's national gymnastics team

The Russia women's national artistic gymnastics team represents Russia in FIG international competitions.

Russian Far East

The Russian Far East (Russian: Дальний Восток России, tr. Dal'niy Vostok Rossii, IPA: [ˈdalʲnʲɪj vɐˈstok rɐˈsʲiɪ], literally "The distant East of Russia") comprises the Russian part of the Far East, the easternmost territory of Russia, between Lake Baikal in Eastern Siberia and the Pacific Ocean.

The Far Eastern Federal District shares land borders with Mongolia, the People's Republic of China and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea to its south, and shares maritime borders with Japan to its southeast and with the United States to its northeast. Although geographically part of Siberia, the Russian Far East is categorized separately from the Siberian Federal District to its west in Russian geographical schemes.

Sergey Menyaylo

Sergey Ivanovich Menyaylo (Russian: Сергей Иванович Меняйло; born in 22 August 1960) is a Russian political military commander, former deputy commander of the Black Sea Fleet and between April 2014 and July 2016. He served as the Governor of Sevastopol between 2014 and 2016, but decided to leave the post to be appointed to be a Presidential Envoy of the Siberian Federal District.

Taymyr Peninsula

The Taymyr Peninsula (Russian: Полуостров Таймыр, Таймырский полуостров) is a peninsula in the Far North of Russia, in the Siberian Federal District, that forms the northernmost part of the mainland of Eurasia. Administratively it is part of the Krasnoyarsk Krai Federal subject of Russia.

Tomsk Oblast

Tomsk Oblast (Russian: То́мская о́бласть, Tomskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). It lies in the southeastern West Siberian Plain, in the southwest of the Siberian Federal District. Its administrative center is the city of Tomsk. Population: 1 078 923

(1,047,394 (2010 Census).The development of the territory which now constitutes the oblast began in the early 17th century. Tomsk itself was founded in 1604. Some of the oblast's 316,900 square kilometers (122,400 sq mi) territory is inaccessible because it is covered with taiga woods and swamps. Tomsk oblast contains Vasyugan Swamp, the biggest swamp in the northern hemisphere. The oblast borders with Krasnoyarsk Krai and Tyumen, Omsk, Novosibirsk, and Kemerovo Oblasts.

Turukhan Airlines

LLC Turukhan Airlines (Russian: ООО Авиакомпания "Турухан") is an airline based in Krasnoyarsk, Russia. Established in 1997 as subsidiary of "Yeniseyskij Meridian" airlines, it became independent in 2001. It operates regional scheduled and charter services in Siberian Federal District.In 2015 Turukhan Airlines received the fleet of Katekavia.In 2017 Turukhan Airlines operated 8 743 flights and transported 256 835 passengers.

Viktor Tolokonsky

Viktor Aleksandrovich Tolokonsky (Russian: Виктор Александрович Толоконский, born 27 May 1953 in Novosibirsk) is a Russian politician. He was governor of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia from 2014 to 2017 and governor of Novosibirsk Oblast from 2000 to 2010.

Previously, Tolokonsky was the mayor of Novosibirsk, governor of Novosibirsk Oblast and the Presidential Envoy to the Siberian Federal District.

In 1993, he was elected as the head of the Novosibirsk administration, and mayor when the position was established in 1996. He served until 2000, when he was elected as governor of Novosibirsk Oblast. On 6 July 2007, Russia's President Vladimir Putin reappointed him for further five-year term. As a governor, he also had a seat on the State Council of the Russian Federation.

West Siberian Plain

The West Siberian Plain, also known as Zapadno-sibirskaya Ravnina, (Russian: За́падно-Сиби́рская равни́на) is a large plain that occupies the western portion of Siberia, between the Ural Mountains in the west and the Yenisei River in the east, and by the Altay Mountains on the southeast. Much of the plain is poorly drained and consists of some of the world's largest swamps and floodplains. Important cities include Omsk, Novosibirsk, Tomsk and Chelyabinsk.

West Siberian economic region

West Siberian economic region (Russian: За́падно-Сиби́рский экономи́ческий райо́н;

tr.: Zapadno-Sibirsky ekonomichesky rayon) is one of twelve economic regions of Russia.

This vast plain—marshy and thinly populated in the north, hilly in the south—is of growing economic importance, mostly due to the abundance of natural resources: oil, coal, wood, water. There are vast oilfields in the West Siberian petroleum basin, and Russia's largest oil refinery is in Omsk. The Kuznetsk Basin around Kemerovo and Novokuznetsk is a center of coal mining, and the production of iron, steel, machinery, and chemicals. Logging is a significant industry throughout the region. Hydroelectric stations dam the Ob near Novosibirsk and Kamen-na-Obi. The navigable Ob-Irtysh watershed covers most of this area, and the southern part is also criss-crossed by the Trans-Siberian, South Siberian and Turkestan-Siberian rail lines. Agricultural products include wheat, rice, oats, and sugar beets, and livestock is raised.

Zabaykalsky Krai

Zabaykalsky Krai (Russian: Забайкальский край, tr. Zabajkaljskij kraj, IPA: [zəbɐjˈkalʲskʲɪj kraj], lit. "(The) Transbaikal krai"; Buryat: Үбэр Байгалай хизаар, Über Baigalai khizaar; Mongolian: Өвөр Байгалын хязгаар, Över Baigalyn khyaegaar) is a federal subject of Russia (a krai) that was created on March 1, 2008 as a result of a merger of Chita Oblast and Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug, after a referendum held on the issue on March 11, 2007. Formerly part of the Siberian Federal District, the Krai is now part of the Russian Far East as of November 2018 in accordance with a decree issued by Russian President Vladimir Putin. The administrative center of the krai is located in the city of Chita. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 1,107,107.

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