Shopian

Shopian or Shupiyan is a town and administrative division of the Shopian district, located in southern part of Kashmir Valley, of Jammu and Kashmir, India.[1] [2]

Shopian
Town
Historic Jamia Masjid Shopian
Historic Jamia Masjid Shopian
Shopian is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Shopian
Shopian
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Shopian is located in India
Shopian
Shopian
Shopian (India)
Coordinates: 33°43′N 74°50′E / 33.72°N 74.83°ECoordinates: 33°43′N 74°50′E / 33.72°N 74.83°E
CountryIndia
StateJammu and Kashmir
DistrictShopian
Area
 • Total612.87 km2 (236.63 sq mi)
Elevation
2,057 m (6,749 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total16,360
 • Density27/km2 (69/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialUrdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationJK22
Sex ratio756 /
Websiteshopian.nic.in

General

The geologist Frederic Drew stated that Shopian derived its name from a distortion of word shah-payan, i.e. "royal stay". However, the local people hold the view that Shopian was earlier named as "Shin-Van" meaning "snow forest". The Shias have a different view, believing it was earlier inhabited by Shias so it is "Shin-Van" that is "The Forest of Shias". Shopian is an ancient town of Kashmir and had an importance due to it being situated on the ancient imperial route, commonly known as Mughal Road, which connects Lahore and Srinagar.[3] Shopian was one out of six Wazarat Headquarters in Kashmir from 1872-1892 A.D. [4]

Shopian town is 51 kilometres (32 mi) from Srinagar and 20 kilometres (12 mi) from Pulwama at an elevation of 2,146 metres (7,041 ft) above sea level. It has decades-old road connectivity with Anantnag as well as Kulgam.

Geography

Shupiyan is located at 33°43′N 74°50′E / 33.72°N 74.83°E.[5] It has an average elevation of 2057 metres (6748 feet). It is 54 km from Srinagar.

Demographics

According to 2011 Census of India, Shopian Municipal Committee has population of 16,360 which further extends to 9,319 (males) and 7,041 (females), The average population of the town is 6 persons each house. [6]

Population

According to 2011 Census report, Shopian Town had a population of 12,396. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Shupiyan has an average literacy rate of 59%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 67%, and female literacy is 51%. In Shupiyan, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. [7]

Education

In 1988, The Government of J&K established a college namely Government Degree College, Shopian which provides higher education infrastructure to the people of shopian district.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Snowfall in south Kashmir's Shopian". greaterkashmir.com. Greater Kashmir.
  2. ^ "Shopian - Dc Msme" (PDF). dcmsme.gov.in. Development Commissioner Ministry of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises.
  3. ^ Bloeria, Sudhir S. (2000). Pakistan's Insurgency vs India's Security: Tackling Militancy in Kashmir. New Delhi: Manas Publications. p. 172. ISBN 978-81-7049-116-3.
  4. ^ "Districts of India".
  5. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Shupiyan
  6. ^ "Shupiyan Population Census 2011 - 2018". census2011.co.in. 2011 Census of India.
  7. ^ "Shupiyan District Population Census 2011". Census Commission of India.

External links

2009 Shopian rape and murder case

The Shopian rape and murder case is the abduction, rape and murder of two young women allegedly by Indian troops

in mysterious circumstances between 29 and 30 May 2009 at Bongam, Shopian district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Two women who were sisters-in-law went missing from their orchard on the way home on 29 May 2009. The next day morning, their bodies were found both one kilometer apart. Local police rejected the allegations saying that the women appeared to have drowned in a stream.

2016 attacks on India

There have been several attacks on Indian Armed Forces by militants in 2016.

Afghan–Sikh Wars

The Afghan–Sikh wars were a series of wars between the Afghan Pashtuns Durrani Empire, and the Sikh Empire. The conflict had its origins stemming from the days of the Dal Khalsa.

Anantnag (Lok Sabha constituency)

Anantnag Lok Sabha constituency is one of the six Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Jammu & Kashmir state in northern India.

Battle of Shopian

The Battle of Shopian took place on 3 July 1819 between an expeditionary force from the Sikh Empire and Jabbar Khan, the governor of the Durrani Empire province of Kashmir. It was the decisive battle in the 1819 Kashmir expedition

Bufliaz

Bufliaz or Bafliaz is a small town located in Surankote tehsil of Poonch district in the state of Jammu and Kashmir in India. It connects Kashmir valley via Mughal Road which is 83.9 km long from district Shopian. In winter, heavy snowfall blocks the 83.9 km long road due to non-availability of the facilities provided by the state government and Public Works Department - Jammu & Kashmir.

Government Degree College, Shopian

Government Degree College Shopian (Urdu;گورنمنٹ ڈگری کالج شوپیان) also known as GDC Shopian, is an autonomous degree college affiliated with University of Kashmir, located on a 67 kanal (8.375 acre) campus in Shopian in the Indian administrative state of Jammu and Kashmir. The college provides admission in more than 146 combinations involving more than 30 subjects. In addition, the college facilitates off-campus education in collaboration with IGNOU, MANUU and the Department of Distance Education of University of Kashmir. The college is recognized by the UGC, under sections 2(f) and 12(b) and rating B+

Hirpora

Hirpora (or Hir Pora or Heerpora) is a village in the Shopian district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It is the second largest village in the district, after Devepora. It is situated on the Mughal Road, 12 km west of Shopian, which is its district headquarters; and 64 km from Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir, via the Srinagar-Pulwama Road. To the west of Hirpora is the Peer Ki Gali mountain pass over the Pir Panjal Range.

Most of Hirpora's area is occupied by thick forests. The Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary was established between 1987 and 1989. The spiral-horned Markhor goat is a notable part of this wildlife.

Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary

Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary or Heerpora Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Shopian district of Kashmir, 70 kilometers south of Srinagar. It spreads over an area of 341 km2. It is bounded to the north by Lake Gumsar, northeast by Hirpora village, east by Rupri, south by Saransar and to the west by the Pir Panjal pass. The slopes are gentle to moderately steep on the eastern aspect and very steep with many cliffs on the higher northern and western aspect. The

southern and southeastern portions are moderately steep.

Indian Army operations in Jammu and Kashmir

Indian Army operations in Jammu and Kashmir include security operations such as Operation Rakshak (Protector) and Operation Sarp Vinash. Other operations include humanitarian missions such as Operation Megh Rahat and operations with a social aim such as Operation Goodwill and Operation Calm Down.

Kashmir Valley

The Kashmir Valley, also known as the Vale of Kashmir, is an intermontane valley in the portion of the Kashmir region administered by India. The valley is bounded on the southwest by the Pir Panjal Range and on the northeast by the main Himalayas range. It is approximately 135 km long and 32 km wide, and drained by the Jhelum River.Kashmir division is one of the three administrative divisions of the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Kashmir division borders Jammu Division to the south and Ladakh to the east while Line of Control forms its northern and the western border. The division consists of the following districts: Anantnag, Baramulla, Budgam, Bandipore, Ganderbal, Kupwara, Kulgam, Pulwama, Shopian and Srinagar.

Mughal Road

Mughal Road is a road in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. It gives the rest of India access to the Kashmir valley other than the Jammu-Srinagar National Highway (part of NH 44).

The southern end of the road is Rajouri. It ascends following a river called Tawi (not the one at Jammu) past Aitey, Thanamandi, and Azmatabad, passes over the Pir Panjal mountain range, at an altitude of 3,500 metres (11,500 ft), higher than the Banihal pass at 2,832 metres (9,291 ft), and descends to Bufliaz, a town in the Surankote tehsil of the Poonch district on the Poonch River. From there, the Surankote Draba Road follows this river westward to Poonch, near the border with Pakistan.

The Mughal Road goes up the Poonch River eastward to the Peer Ki Gali pass. It then picks up the Rimbiara River and descends to Shopian, in the Shopian District, at the westerly edge of the Kashmir Valley. This segment, which passes through Behramgalla, Chandimarh, Poshana, Chattapani, Aliabad, Zaznar, Dubjan, and Hirpora, is 84 km long. It is the key route from Poonch to Shopian; the journey of 126 km would otherwise take 588 km. For travelers between Jammu and the Kashmir valley, the Mughal Road is part of a rougher alternative to the Jammu-Srinagar National Highway.

Panzer, Shopian

Panzer is the 63rd least populous village, in Shopian district, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Its administrative headquarters and units are in Shopian town. Panzer village is bounded by 4 villages, Tukroo towards Pulwama-Srinagar road, Wanpora towards Keller-Shadimarg Road, Watho towards East, and Diaroo towards West.

Rambi Ara

Rambi Ara is a river and tributary to the River Jhelum located in Shopian District in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It joins the Veshaw River near Sangam in Anantnag District before the confluence finally meets the Jhelum. The Rambi Ara originates in the Pir Panjal Range and has two major tributaries. The Rambi Ara is known for fluctuating water levels and is often affected by flash floods.

Reshnagri

Reshnagri is a village located in Shopian district of Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. Reshnagri is the combination of two Sanskrit words "Resh" (priest) and "nagri" (land) which means the land of priests. Its headquarters are located in Shopian which is 10 km away from the village. Reshnagri is situated on the banks of Veshaw River which comes under south-western part of Kashmir Valley.

Shopian district

Shopian or Shupiyan is a hill district with its administrative division in Shopian, located in south side of Kashmir Valley in Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, since it is situated on the historical road commonly known as Mughal Road, most of its area is occupied by forests. Shopian district comes under the Pir Panjal Range which makes it very cold in winter. . After the indo-pak division, it was a Tehsil of Pulwama district and in March, 2007, the district status was granted by the Government of India when Ghulam Nabi Azad was the chief minister of the J&K state.

Sunset Peak (Jammu and Kashmir)

Sunset Peak also known as Romesh Thong is a mountain massif with a peak elevation of 4,745 metres (15,568 ft), in Shopian district of Jammu and Kashmir. It is the highest peak of this massif, the other peak is Tatakooti Peak 4,725 m (15,502 ft), Sunset Peak, as the name suggests lies in the west of The Vale of Kashmir as a whole. It is located 40 km west of Shopian town, 105 km southwest of Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir.

Tatakooti Peak

Tatakooti Peak or Tatakuti is a mountain with a peak elevation of 4,725 metres (15,502 ft), in Poonch district of Jammu and Kashmir. The highest peak of this massif is Sunset Peak at 15,568 ft (4,745 metres). Tatakooti along with Sunset Peak lies in the west of The Vale of Kashmir. It is located 40 km west of Shopian town, 105 km southwest of Srinagar, the capital of Jammu and Kashmir.

Toolihalan

Toolihalan is a small village in Shopian district in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir.

Toolihalan is situated on the banks of Rambi Ara, 4.3 km away from Shopian. The village is bounded by "Chowgam, shopian" towards East, Devepora towards West, "Day Gam" village towards North, and Hirpora Wildlife Sanctuary towards South. It has decades-old road that connects it to the main town of Shopian.

Places adjacent to Shopian
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