Shizuoka Prefecture

Shizuoka Prefecture (静岡県 Shizuoka-ken) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshu.[1] The capital is the city of Shizuoka, while Hamamatsu is the largest city by population.[2]

Mt fuji with a duck
View of Mt. Fuji from Fujinomiya
Shizuoka Prefecture

静岡県
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese静岡県
 • RōmajiShizuoka-ken
Flag of Shizuoka Prefecture

Flag
Official logo of Shizuoka Prefecture

Symbol
Location of Shizuoka Prefecture
Coordinates: 34°55′N 138°19′E / 34.917°N 138.317°ECoordinates: 34°55′N 138°19′E / 34.917°N 138.317°E
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
IslandHonshu
CapitalShizuoka
Largest cityHamamatsu
SubdivisionsDistricts: 5, Municipalities: 35
Government
 • GovernorHeita Kawakatsu
Area
 • Total7,777.42 km2 (3,002.88 sq mi)
Area rank13th
Population
 (July 1, 2010)
 • Total3,774,471
 • Rank10th
 • Density485.17/km2 (1,256.6/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeJP-22
Websitewww.pref.shizuoka.jp/a_foreign/english
Symbols
BirdJapanese paradise flycatcher (Terpsiphone atrocaudata)
FlowerAzalea (Rhododenron)
TreeSweet osmanthus (Osmanthus fragrans var. aurantiacus)

History

Shizuoka Prefecture was established from the former Tōtōmi, Suruga and Izu provinces.[3]

The area was the home of the first Tokugawa shōgun. Tokugawa Ieyasu held the region until he conquered the lands of the Hōjō clan in the Kantō region and placed land under the stewardship of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. After becoming shōgun, Tokugawa took the land back for his family and put the area around modern-day Shizuoka city under the direct supervision of the shogunate. With the creation of Shizuoka han in 1868, it once again became the residence of the Tokugawa family.

Geography

Map of Shizuoka Prefecture Ja
Map of Shizuoka Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City      City      Town

Shizuoka Prefecture is an elongated region following the coast of the Pacific Ocean at the Suruga Bay. In the west, the prefecture extends deep into the Japan Alps. In the east, it becomes a narrower coast bounded in the north by Mount Fuji, until it comes to the Izu Peninsula, a popular resort area pointing south into the Pacific.

As of 1 April 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely the Fuji-Hakone-Izu and Minami Alps National Parks; Tenryū-Okumikawa Quasi-National Park; and four Prefectural Natural Parks.[4]

Tokai earthquakes

Throughout history, a disastrous earthquake called the Tokai earthquake has hit Shizuoka every 100 to 150 years. On Tuesday, March 15, 2011, Shizuoka Prefecture was hit with a magnitude 6.2 earthquake approximately 42 km (26 mi) NNE of Shizuoka City.

Cities

Nihondaira from shizuoka plain
Shizuoka City
Hamamatsu City - panoramio (1)
Hamamatsu City
Numazu and Mount Fuji
Numazu and Mount Fuji
Fujinomiya 20120909
Fujinomiya
熱海サンビーチ(熱海ムーンライトビーチ)海水浴場 - panoramio
Atami

Twenty-three cities are located in Shizuoka:

Towns

These are the towns in each district:

Mergers

List of governor of Shizuoka (since 1947)

# Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party
1 Takeji Kobayashi (小林武治)
(1899-1988)
23 April, 1947 22 April, 1951 Independent
2 Toshio Saito (斎藤寿夫)
(1908-1999)
1 May, 1951 8 January, 1967 Liberal Party (1951-1959)
Liberal Democratic Party (1959-1967)
3 Yutaro Takeyama (竹山祐太郎)
(1901-1982)
31 January, 1967 24 June, 1974 LDP
4 Keizaburo Yamamoto (山本敬三郎)
(1913-2006)
10 June, 1974 6 July, 1986 LDP
5 Shigeyoshi Saito (斉藤滋与史)
(1918-2018)
7 July, 1986 23 June, 1993 LDP
6 Yoshinobu Ishikawa (石川嘉延)
(born in 1940)
3 August, 1993 17 June, 2009 Independent
7 Heita Kawakatsu (川勝平太)
(born in 1948)
7 July, 2009 Incumbent Independent

Transportation

Rail

Roads

Expressways

Toll roads

  • Shizuoka East-West Road
  • Shizuoka South-North Road
  • West Fuji Road (not a toll road anymore as of 2012)
  • Fujinomiya Road

National highways

Airports

Fujisan-Shizuoka airport,Makinohara-city,Japan
Shizuoka Airport

Ports

  • Shimizu Port
  • Atami Port and Shimoda Port - Mainly ferry route to Izu Island
  • Numazu Port

Education

Universities

National universities

Public universities

Private universities

Senior high schools

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Shizuoka.

Basketball

Motorsport

Rugby

Football

Volleyball

Tourism

Museums

Theme parks

  • Air Park Japan Air Self-Defense Force Hamamatsu Public Information Building)[5]
  • Shimizu Sushi Museum[6]

Festivals and events

Hamamatsu festival 3
A kite festival in Hamamatsu, May 2013
  • Shimoda Black Ship Festival, held in May
  • Shimizu Port Festival, held on August 5 to 7
  • Shizuoka Festival, held in April
  • Daidogei World Cup in central Shizuoka City, held in November
  • Enshu Daimyo Festival in Iwata, held in April
  • Numazu Festival, held in July
  • Mishima Festival, held in August
181124 Shuzenji Onsen Izu Shizuoka pref Japan01s3

Shuzenji Onsen Izu

LakeSanaru2

Lake Sanaru HamamatsuNishi-ku

Beach in Atami City with sea bathers

Atami Sun Beach Atami

Prunus lannesiana cv. Kawazu-zakura 05

Kawazu Cherry blossom Kamo DistrictKawazu

富士サファリパーク ライオン2 Fuji-safari-park-Lion2

Fuji Safari Park Susono

Hanahaku2014-4

Hamanako Garden Park HamamatsuNishi-ku

Snowtown Yeti

Snowtown Yeti & Mount Fuji Susono

Jogasaki Coast 20111016 b

Jogasaki Coast Itō

Notes

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Shizuoka-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 876, p. 876, at Google Books; "Chūbu" in p. 126, p. 126, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Shizuoka" at p. 876, p. 876, at Google Books.
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780, p. 780, at Google Books.
  4. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  5. ^ "About Air Park Japan Air Self-Defense Force Hamamatsu Public Information Building - Shizuoka Travel Guide | Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved 2017-11-17.
  6. ^ "About Shimizu Sushi Museum - Shizuoka Travel Guide | Planetyze". Planetyze. Retrieved 2017-11-17.

References

External links

Enkei Corporation

Enkei Corporation (エンケイ株式会社, Enkei Kabushiki-gaisha) is a Japanese motorcycle and passenger car wheel manufacturer for both motorsport and street use, founded in 1950.

Fuji Speedway

Fuji Speedway (富士スピードウェイ, Fuji Supīdowei) is a motorsport race track standing in the foothills of Mount Fuji, in Oyama, Suntō District, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. It was built in the early 1960s. In the 1980s, Fuji Speedway was used for the FIA World Sportscar Championship and national racing. Originally managed by Mitsubishi Estate Co., Fuji Speedway was acquired by Toyota Motor Corporation in 2000. The circuit hosted the Formula One Japanese Grand Prix in 2007, after an absence of 30 years, replacing the Suzuka Circuit, owned by Honda. After Fuji Speedway hosted the 2008 race, the Japanese Grand Prix returned to Suzuka for the 2009-onward races. The Super GT Fuji 500 km race is held at the racetrack on Golden Week.

Fuji Speedway has one of the longest straights in motorsport tracks, at 1.475 km (0.917 mi) in length. The circuit has FIA Grade 1 license.

Fujinomiya, Shizuoka

Fujinomiya (富士宮市, Fujinomiya-shi) is a city located in central Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 July 2019, the city had an estimated population of 132,507 in 56,655 households ,and a population density of 340 persons per km². The total area of the city is 388.99 square kilometres (150.19 sq mi).

Haibara District, Shizuoka

Haibara (榛原郡, Haibara-gun) is a rural district located in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.

As of July 2012, the district has an estimated population of 37,550 and a population density of 72.6 persons per km². The total area was 517.56 km².

Hayase Station

Hayase Station (早瀬駅, Hayase-eki) is a railway station on the Iida Line in Tenryū-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central).

Izu-Jūkan Expressway

The Izu-Jūkan Expressway (伊豆縦貫自動車道, Izu-Jūkan Jidōsha-dō) is an incomplete two-lane national expressway in Shizuoka Prefecture. It is owned and operated primarily by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT), but has a short section maintained and tolled by the Central Nippon Expressway Company at its northern terminus with the Tōmei Expressway. The route is signed E70 under MLIT's "2016 Proposal for Realization of Expressway Numbering."

Izu Province

Izu Province (伊豆国, Izu-no kuni) was a province of Japan in the area of Shizuoka Prefecture. Izu bordered on Sagami and Suruga Provinces. Its abbreviated form name was Zushū (豆州).

The mainland portion of Izu Province, comprising the Izu Peninsula, is today the eastern portion of Shizuoka Prefecture and the Izu Islands are now part of Tokyo.

Kakegawa Station

Kakegawa Station (掛川駅, Kakegawa-eki) is an interchange railway station in the city of Kakegawa, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, jointly operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Tōkai). It is connected to the adjacent Tenryū-Hamanako Railway Kakegawa Station, which is located in a separate building.

Mount Fuji

Mount Fuji (富士山, Fujisan, IPA: [ɸɯꜜdʑisaɴ] (listen)), located on Honshū, is the highest volcano in Japan at 3,776.24 m (12,389 ft), 2nd-highest volcano of an island in Asia (after Mount Kerinci in Sumatra), and 7th-highest peak of an island in the world. It is a dormant stratovolcano that last erupted in 1707–1708. Mount Fuji lies about 100 kilometers (60 mi) south-west of Tokyo, and can be seen from there on a clear day. Mount Fuji's exceptionally symmetrical cone, which is snow-capped for about 5 months a year, is commonly used as a symbol of Japan and it is frequently depicted in art and photographs, as well as visited by sightseers and climbers.Mount Fuji is one of Japan's "Three Holy Mountains" (三霊山, Sanreizan) along with Mount Tate and Mount Haku. It is also a Special Place of Scenic Beauty and one of Japan's Historic Sites. It was added to the World Heritage List as a Cultural Site on June 22, 2013. According to UNESCO, Mount Fuji has "inspired artists and poets and been the object of pilgrimage for centuries". UNESCO recognizes 25 sites of cultural interest within the Mount Fuji locality. These 25 locations include the mountain and the Shinto shrine, Fujisan Hongū Sengen Taisha, as well as the Buddhist Taisekiji Head Temple founded in 1290, later immortalized by Japanese ukiyo-e artist Katsushika Hokusai.

Oyama, Shizuoka

Oyama (小山町, Oyama-chō) is a town located in Suntō District, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 August 2019, the town had an estimated population of 18,458 in 7516 households and a population density of 140 persons per km2. The total area of the town is 135.74 square kilometres (52.41 sq mi).

SBS Cup

The SBS Cup is an association football tournament held annually in the Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan.

It began in 1977 as several friendly matches between South Korean and Japanese high schools to celebrate Shizuoka Broadcasting System's (SBS) 25th anniversary. It was expanded to become a tournament in 1979 and since 2002, it has been a round-robin competition for national teams and a representative team from the Shizuoka Prefecture.

Sakawa River

The Sakawa River (Japanese: 酒匂川(さかわがわ), Hepburn: sakawagawa) is a river in Shizuoka Prefecture and Kanagawa Prefecture Japan. In Shizuoka Prefecture it is called the Ayuzawa River. It flows into the Pacific Ocean.

Shizuoka Airport

Shizuoka Airport (静岡空港, Shizuoka Kūkō) (IATA: FSZ, ICAO: RJNS), also called Mt. Fuji Shizuoka Airport, is located in Shizuoka Prefecture Japan. Opened on June 4, 2009, the airport has domestic service to Sapporo, Fukuoka, Naha (Okinawa), Komatsu, Kumamoto, and Kagoshima. International routes connect it to Ningbo, Seoul, Taipei, and Shanghai.The airport is located in Makinohara and Shimada. It is 27 km (17 mi) southwest of Shizuoka Station and about 45 km (28 mi) from Hamamatsu, 80 km (50 mi) from Mt. Fuji, 130 km (81 mi) from Nagoya airport, and 175 km (109 mi) from Tokyo in a direct line.

Shizuoka Stadium

Shizuoka Stadium ECOPA (静岡スタジアム・エコパ, Shizuoka Sutajiamu Ekopa) is a sports stadium used primarily for football. The stadium is in Fukuroi City, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, although the stadium itself is merely the centrepiece of the larger Ogasayama Sports Park which extends into neighbouring Kakegawa. The stadium's capacity is 50,889. It is now the primary venue for major sporting events in Shizuoka Prefecture, including track and field, for which it is fully equipped.

Suruga Province

Suruga Province (駿河国, Suruga no kuni) was an old province in the area that is today the central part of Shizuoka Prefecture. Suruga bordered on Izu, Kai, Sagami, Shinano, and Tōtōmi provinces; and was bordered by the Pacific Ocean through Suruga Bay to the south. Its abbreviated form name was Sunshū (駿州).

Tōtōmi Province

Tōtōmi Province (遠江国, Tōtōmi-no kuni) was a province of Japan in the area of Japan that is today western Shizuoka Prefecture. Tōtōmi bordered on Mikawa, Suruga and Shinano Provinces. Its abbreviated form name was Enshū (遠州). The origin of its name is the old name of Lake Hamana.

Urakawa Station (Shizuoka)

Urakawa Station (浦川駅, Urakawa-eki) is a railway station on the Iida Line in Tenryū-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company (JR Central).

Veltex Shizuoka

The Veltex Shizuoka is a professional basketball team that will compete in the third division of the Japanese B.League.

Yamaha Stadium

Yamaha Stadium (ヤマハスタジアム, Yamaha Sutajiamu) is a football stadium located in Iwata City, Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan, owned by Yamaha Motors, next to whose plant it is located, and was purpose-designed for use with soccer or rugby.

It is the home ground for the J1 League club Júbilo Iwata, and the rugby union team Yamaha Jubilo. The stadium has a seating capacity of 15,165 people.

Shadow picture of Shizuoka prefecture.png Shizuoka Prefecture
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