Shinny (also shinney, pick-up hockey, pond hockey, or "outdoor puck") is an informal type of hockey played on ice. It is also used as another term for street hockey. There are no formal rules or specific positions, and generally, there are no goaltenders. The goal areas at each end may be marked by nets, or simply by objects, such as stones or blocks of snow. Body checking and lifting or "roofing/reefing/raising the puck" (shooting the puck or ball so it rises above the ice) are often forbidden because the players are not wearing protective equipment. Shinny is a game that all levels of hockey enthusiasts can play because it requires no rink, requires no skills except ability to hold a stick and at the very least to try to touch the puck or ball when it goes by. Shinny may be completely non-competitive and recreational.

In his book Country on Ice, Doug Beardsley claims that most Canadian hockey professional players have played some form of shinny in their youth.[1]

Sarnia Shinny
A group of boys picking teams for a game of shinny, Sarnia, Ontario, 1908

Team formation

There is a common ritual for choosing teams, which has each player "throwing" their hockey stick into a pile at centre ice, or the middle area between two nets. If there are not enough people on the rink who are playing an organized game, one player may approach another player and ask, "Wanna get a game goin', bud?", or simply toss his own stick into the middle. Once people follow suit and enough sticks are in the pile, someone divides the pile into two smaller piles, perhaps strategically assigning sticks to one side or another. Players then pick up their own sticks, the teams having been formed. If there are too many players for the size of playing area, three teams may be created, with one team waiting to play the winner. Otherwise, the two teams can put the extra players on the "bench," allowing for players to rest between shifts.

Very often teams are formed with intent to divide the group into approximately equal levels of skills among the players. Players joining after play has started are usually told "which way they are going" (which net they should shoot towards) based upon the score of the game and their skill level. Some games continue for many hours with a variety of players participating for as long as they want.

History and name origin

Shinny, generally believed to be a precursor to ice hockey, was informal enough in its formative years that the pucks and sticks were often makeshift. During the Great Depression, for example, northern boys used tree branches or broomhandles as sticks, a tin can, a piece of wood, and even a frozen road apple (horse dropping) as a puck. Any object about the right size might serve as a puck.

The name is derived from the Scottish game shinty and indeed shinny was a common name for one of shinty's many regional variations in Scotland. Shinny, a primarily Canadian term,[2] is usually called scrimmage, pick-up hockey, drop-in hockey, stick and puck (SAP), or RAT Hockey in the United States.

Institutionalized usage

In some municipalities around the world where the climate permits, part of a city's taxes may go to the formal set-up and maintenance of skating rinks designed specifically for shinny. In some cities, such as Montreal; Quebec; and Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, numerous rinks are erected and are maintained by civil servants throughout the winter as long as the weather allows their usage to continue.

The City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada, known for both its hockey fan reputation and fresh waves of new immigrants, hosts free or low-cost shinny sessions and also has programs for adults to learn how to shinny on city rinks. The programs, expanded in 2011, include parent/child shinny and two levels of beginner, and are supervised by city-paid coaches.


  1. ^ Beardlsey, Doug (1988). Country on Ice (PaperJacks ed.). Toronto: PaperJacks. ISBN 9780770110857.
  2. ^ Retrieved 16 December 2012.

External links

Ashley Sexton

Ashley Sexton (born 21 October 1987) is an English professional boxer who was born in Edmonton, North London. He originally came from Wood Green and then moved to Cheshunt and competes in the flyweight division. He is the holder of the English flyweight title and has also competed for the full British title. Sexton is currently trained by Paul Rees and is managed by London promoter Michael Helliet.

Batak mythology

Batak mythology is the original belief that was once adopted by the Batak people of North Sumatra, Indonesia, namely before the arrival of Protestant, Catholic, or Islamic religions. There are various tarombo (ancestor myth) versions written on pustaha (ancient books) which historians study, but generally refer to the figures below.In this belief, the highest god who made the universe and everything in it was Debata (Ompung) Mulajadi na Bolon, who reigned in the sky. Apart from being the ruler of the upper world, Debata Mulajadi na Bolon was also the ruler of the middle world, and the underworld of the spirits, but there he was called by other names. As the ruler of the middle world, he was called Silaon na Bolon, and as the ruler of the world of the spirits, he was called Pane na Bolon. The first creation of Debata Mulajadi na Bolon was Manukmanuk Hulambujati, a magical chicken with an iron-beaked and shinny braceleted-claws. Manukmanuk Hulambujati then laid three eggs, each egg gave rise to gods named Debata Batara Guru, Debata Sorisohaliapan, and Debata Balabulan, who were then summoned together as Debata na Tolu.Si Boru Deak Parujar, the daughter of Debata Batara Guru, was the first heavenly creature that descended to earth, namely in a mountain called Pusuk Buhit. On earth, Si Boru Deak Parujar married Raja Odapodap, which also came from one of Manukmanuk Hulambujati later eggs. Their first child was shaped round like an egg, not similar at all to humans, then Debata Mulajadi na Bolon told them to bury it, where out of it came plants that spread on the surface of the earth. Therefore, the plants were seen as the older sibling of humans in the Batak myth. Next, male–female twins were born, called Raja Ihat Manisia and Boru Ihat Manisia.After Raja Ihat Manisia and Boru Ihat Manisia became adults, the two then got married and gave rise to all other humans, including the eponymous ancestor of the Batak people named Si Raja Batak. Si Boru Deak Parujar and Raja Odapodap then returned to the sky after their two children got married, and since then the connection between heaven and earth has been broken off, unlike before.

Chris Edwards (boxer)

Chris Edwards (6 May 1976 – 30 March 2018) was an English professional boxer from Stoke-on-Trent who competed in the flyweight and super flyweight divisions.

Coos people

Coos people are an indigenous people of the Northwest Plateau, living in Oregon. They live on the southwest Oregon Pacific coast. Today, Coos people are enrolled in the following federally recognized tribes:

Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua and Siuslaw Indians of Oregon

Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians of Oregon

Coquille Indian Tribe.

First indoor ice hockey game

On March 3, 1875, the first recorded indoor ice hockey game took place at the Victoria Skating Rink in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Organized by James Creighton, who captained one of the teams, the game was between two nine-member teams, using a wooden 'puck'. Members used skates and sticks used for outdoor hockey and shinny games in Nova Scotia, where Creighton was born and raised. It is recognized as the first organized ice hockey game.

Go (radio)

Go! was a Saturday morning entertainment show on the Radio One network of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation that ran from 2002 to 2010, hosted by Brent Bambury. The show included interviews, music, live performances, and comedy bits.

The show was produced in Ottawa before moving to Toronto in 2005. After 2004, most episodes were broadcast in front of a live studio audience.

The show's format commonly took the form of a pop culture contest of some type. For example, three celebrities would compete against each other in a trivia match, or celebrity judges would evaluate amateur stand-up comedians or celebrity impersonators. Early in the show's run, this included a consistent regular feature titled Groove Shinny, which set a Canadian musician against a "perfect musical mind" (Richard Crouse) and a "perfect stranger", for a music trivia match.

Regulars included Nana Aba Duncan who appeared in an audience participation features titled "Contest Nana", in which she presents an audio montage of soundclips which listeners can e-mail the show to identify. The feature was previously hosted by comedian Sabrina Jalees. Kliph Nesteroff hosted a segment titled That Time of the Month, showcasing unintentionally funny audio ephemera from the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s. A live musical guest also appeared, performing three or four numbers during the course of the show.

The last episode of the show aired on June 26, 2010. In September, Bambury launched a new public affairs magazine show, Day 6, in the same time slot. Go's weekly listener montage contest was retained on Day 6 as "Riffed from the Headlines".

Ice hockey

Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice, usually in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points. The sport is known to be fast-paced and physical, with teams usually consisting of six players each: one goaltender, and five players who skate up and down the ice trying to take the puck and score a goal against the opposing team.

Ice hockey is most popular in Canada, central and eastern Europe, the Nordic countries, Russia and the United States. Ice hockey is the official national winter sport of Canada. In addition, ice hockey is the most popular winter sport in Belarus, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Finland, Latvia, Russia, Slovakia, Sweden, and Switzerland. North America's National Hockey League (NHL) is the highest level for men's ice hockey and the strongest professional ice hockey league in the world. The Kontinental Hockey League (KHL) is the highest league in Russia and much of Eastern Europe. The International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) is the formal governing body for international ice hockey, with the IIHF managing international tournaments and maintaining the IIHF World Ranking. Worldwide, there are ice hockey federations in 76 countries.In Canada, the United States, Nordic countries, and some other European countries the sport is known simply as hockey; the name "ice hockey" is used in places where "hockey" more often refers to the more popular field hockey, such as countries in South America, Asia, Africa, Australasia, and some European countries including the United Kingdom, Ireland and the Netherlands.Ice hockey is believed to have evolved from simple stick and ball games played in the 18th and 19th centuries in the United Kingdom and elsewhere. These games were brought to North America and several similar winter games using informal rules were developed, such as shinny and ice polo. The contemporary sport of ice hockey was developed in Canada, most notably in Montreal, where the first indoor hockey game was played on March 3, 1875. Some characteristics of that game, such as the length of the ice rink and the use of a puck, have been retained to this day. Amateur ice hockey leagues began in the 1880s, and professional ice hockey originated around 1900. The Stanley Cup, emblematic of ice hockey club supremacy, was first awarded in 1893 to recognize the Canadian amateur champion and later became the championship trophy of the NHL. In the early 1900s, the Canadian rules were adopted by the Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace, the precursor of the IIHF and the sport was played for the first time at the Olympics during the 1920 Summer Olympics.

In international competitions, the national teams of six countries (the Big Six) predominate: Canada, Czech Republic, Finland, Russia, Sweden and the United States. Of the 69 medals awarded all-time in men's competition at the Olympics, only seven medals were not awarded to one of those countries (or two of their precursors, the Soviet Union for Russia, and Czechoslovakia for the Czech Republic). In the annual Ice Hockey World Championships, 177 of 201 medals have been awarded to the six nations. Teams outside the Big Six have won only five medals in either competition since 1953. The World Cup of Hockey is organized by the National Hockey League and the National Hockey League Players' Association (NHLPA), unlike the annual World Championships and quadrennial Olympic tournament, both run by the International Ice Hockey Federation. World Cup games are played under NHL rules and not those of the IIHF, and the tournament occurs prior to the NHL pre-season, allowing for all NHL players to be available, unlike the World Championships, which overlaps with the NHL's Stanley Cup playoffs. Furthermore, all 12 Women's Olympic and 36 IIHF World Women's Championships medals were awarded to one of these six countries. The Canadian national team or the United States national team have between them won every gold medal of either series.

Kenora Thistles

The Kenora Thistles, officially the Thistles Hockey Club, were a Canadian ice hockey team based in Kenora, Ontario. Founded in 1894, they were originally known as the Rat Portage Thistles. The team competed for the Stanley Cup, the ice hockey championship of Canada, five times between 1903 and 1907. The Thistles won the Cup in January 1907 and defended it once before losing it that March in a challenge series. Composed almost entirely of local players, the team comes from the least populated city to have won the Stanley Cup. Nine players—four of them homegrown—have been inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame, and the Stanley Cup champion team was inducted into the Northwestern Ontario Sports Hall of Fame.

Though Kenora is in Ontario, the Thistles competed in Manitoba-based leagues throughout their existence, owing to the city's proximity to that province. The team joined the Manitoba Hockey Association (MHA) in 1902, winning the league championship in three of their six seasons. They were idealized "as a team of hometown boys who used to play shinny together on the streets of Rat Portage". The Thistles were unable to cope with the advent of professionalism in ice hockey during the early 1900s. This combined with an economic downturn in 1907, and being unable to sustain their success, the team disbanded in 1908. The name "Thistles" has been used since for several senior, minor, and junior Kenora teams.

Lane cake

Lane cake, also known as prize cake or Alabama Lane cake, is a bourbon-laced baked cake traditional in the American South. According to food scholar Neil Ravenna, the inventor was Emma Rylander Lane, of Clayton, Alabama, who won first prize with it at the county fair in Columbus, Georgia. She called it "Prize Cake" when she self-published a cookbook, A Few Good Things to Eat in 1898. Her published recipe included raisins, pecans, and coconut, and called for the layers to be baked in pie tins lined with ungreased brown paper rather than in cake pans.

The Lane cake is sometimes confused with the Lady Baltimore cake, which also is a liquor-laden fruit-filled cake, but of different pedigree.Many variations of the Lane cake now exist, with three or more layers of white sponge cake, separated by a filling that typically includes pecans, raisins and coconut soaked in a generous amount of bourbon, wine or brandy. It may be frosted on the top, on the sides, or both.

Lane cake is often found in the South at receptions, holiday dinners, or wedding showers.

List of British flyweight boxing champions

List of British flyweight boxing champions is a table showing the boxers who have won the British flyweight championship. The title has been sanctioned by the National Sporting Club since 1909, and later by its replacement British Boxing Board of Control since 1929.

A champion may retire or voluntarily relinquish the title in order to fight for a higher-ranked championship. Where a champion relinquished the title, the date of his final defence is shown with "(rel)" after it. If he did not defend his title, then "(rel)" is shown after the date at which he won the title.

Logan in Overtime

Logan in Overtime is a novel by Paul Quarrington, published in 1990 by Doubleday Canada. The novel was actually written much earlier in Quarrington's career, even preceding his 1987 novel King Leary. It was slated for publication by Avon Books in 1986, but was delayed after that company discontinued its Canadian fiction line.The novel's core theme explores the ways in which modern life needlessly complicates and ruins the simple pleasures in life. Its central character, Mars Logan, is a washed-up ice hockey player who was forced to retire from the National Hockey League due to his bad knees and is now consigned to playing for the Falconbridge Falcons, an oldtimers league team in Falconbridge, Ontario. He also has a personal passion for astronomy, due to a persistent belief that his professional hockey career ended because aliens from Sirius intentionally wrecked his knees, although he is so dissatisfied with his life that he spends most of his free time too drunk to clearly see the sky or identify the constellations.The plot is set in motion when a game against the Hope Blazers goes into overtime. With both teams persistently unable to score the winning goal, a national media frenzy — even attracting the anchors of Hockey Night in Canada to town — is ignited as the game approaches a new record for the longest overtime game in the entire history of the sport. Ultimately, as the game enters its fifth day, the two teams decide to settle the game with a simple round of shinny on a nearby pond, setting the stage for the game's resolution and for Logan's own victory over his personal demons.The novel forms an unofficial trilogy with Quarrington's other novels The Life of Hope and King Leary; The Life of Hope, although not about hockey, is set in the same town of Hope whose Blazers who are the opposing team in Logan, and the protagonist in King Leary lives in South Grouse, the same town where Logan was born and raised.In 2016, Canadian film production company Arc Multimedia optioned rights to a feature film adaptation of the novel, tentatively slated to begin production in 2017.

Orin Isaacs

Orin Isaacs is a Canadian bass guitarist, record and television music producer, best known as the bandleader on Mike Bullard's late-night talk shows Open Mike with Mike Bullard and The Mike Bullard Show.Isaacs' composing and production work can also be heard on The Launch, Big Brother Canada, Never Ever Do This at Home, The Amazing Race Canada, Chopped Canada, Top Chef Canada, The People's Couch, Ice Road Truckers, But I'm Chris Jericho, Intervention Canada, Undercover Boss Canada, Canadian Screen Awards, Match Game, Hockey Night in Canada, Project Runway Canada, Canada Sings, Canada's Got Talent, Canada's Smartest Person, The Jon Dore Television Show, Divine Design, Soul, Are You Smarter Than a Canadian 5th Grader?, Divine Restoration and Canada's Worst Driver 2, as well as numerous Canadian television specials like the 2015 Pan Am and ParaPan Games, 2006 Torino and 2002 Salt Lake City Winter Olympic Games and Award shows like the Junos, Genies, Geminis, NHL, CFL and Canada's Walk of Fame.

He has also composed music for three National Film Board productions, Jane and Finch Again, Shinny and Flemingdon Park, as well as the theatrical film My Father’s Hands. Orin also continues to work with independent artists, most recently producing and performing on the Indie Soul EP by Canadian songwriter, singer and recording artist AHI.

As a bandleader and/or bassist, Isaacs has worked with Mariah Carey, Martina McBride, Natasha Bedingfield, Billy Ray Cyrus, Kid Rock, Roger Hudgson, Lionel Richie, Patti Labelle, Richard Marx, Paul Shaffer, George Clinton, Deborah Cox, Brett Michaels, Macy Gray, David Cox, Rich Little, Dennis Deyoung, Paul Anka, Tom Jones, Anne Murray, Martin Short, Burton Cummings, and William Shatner.

He has received an Eva Award, The Harry Jerome Award for Professional Excellence, Urban Music Industry Special Achievement Award, The Reel Black Award for composition, a Men of Excellence award and a spot on The Men on the Move calendar as well as several awards for his active community service.

Paul Edwards (boxer)

Paul Edwards (born 1 October 1986) is an English boxer who fights in the flyweight division. He won the British welterweight title on 15 December 2010 with a victory over Shinny Bayaar after the bout was stopped with Bayaar having received a cut. Edwards defended the title on 11 June 2011 and lost in his first defence to namesake Chris Edwards via split decision over 12 rounds.Edwards lost a Commonwealth title challenge to Kevin Satchell in May 2012 when he retired in the 10th round.

Pick-up game

In sports, a pick-up game (also known as a scratch game) is a game that has been spontaneously started by a group of players. Players are generally invited to show up beforehand, but unlike exhibition games there is no sense of obligation or commitment to play. Pick-up games usually lack officials and referees, which makes them more disorganized and less structured than regular games, but the total number of players in such games globally is likely to be greater than the number playing in formal competitions and leagues.Without formal rules and regulations, pick-up games are often played with a less rigid set of rules.

Pond hockey

Pond hockey is a form of ice hockey similar in its object and appearance to traditional ice hockey, but simplified and designed to be played on part of a natural frozen body of water. The rink is 50 to 80 percent the size of a standard NHL-specification rink, and has no boards or glass surrounding it; usually only a barrier of snow keeps the puck in play. In addition, because there are no protective barriers behind the goal to contain high errant shots, the top of the goal is lower, in fact only slightly taller than the width of a puck, and the game does not have a formal goalie. Because of these differences, pond hockey places more emphasis on skating and puckhandling ability and less on shooting and checking. Non-competitive pond hockey is played with improvised goals, rinks of a variety of sizes, and no boards or snow barriers. Their can only be 4 players playing per team at a time but have many subs to sub in.

There exists a World Pond Hockey Championship and several other events for players to aspire to.

The term "pond hockey" is often used, especially in Canada, as a synonym to shinny. In that context, it is meant to describe any form of disorganized ice hockey that is played outdoors, typically on a naturally frozen body of water.

Shinny Bayaar

Shinebayar Sukhbaatar 'Shinny Bayaar' (born 27 August 1977) is a Mongolian professional boxer with British nationality fighting in the flyweight division. He is based in Oldham, Greater Manchester and is the former British Flyweight champion.

Tom Shinny

Thomas "Tom" Shinny (1899 - 8 May 1963) was an Irish hurler who played as a goalkeeper for the Limerick senior team.

Born in Fedamore, County Limerick, Shinny first arrived on the inter-county scene at the age of twenty-five when he first linked up with the Limerick senior team. He made his senior debut during a tournament game in 1925. Shinny went on to enjoy a lengthy inter-county career, and won one All-Ireland medal and one National Hurling League medal.Shinny represented the Munster inter-provincial team at various times, winning two Railway Cup medals on the field of play and a third as a substitute. At club level he won one championship medal with Fedamore.

His retirement from inter-county hurling came following the conclusion of the 1935-36 National Hurling League.

William P. Foley

William P. "Bill" Foley II (born December 14, 1944) is an American businessman and former attorney, specializing in financial services. He serves as Chairman of the Board for Fidelity National Financial and Black Knight Financial Services, and Vice Chairman of the board for Fidelity National Information Services Inc. (FIS). Foley is also the lead investor in Black Knight Sports & Entertainment, a consortium that was awarded an expansion ice hockey franchise named the Vegas Golden Knights for Las Vegas, Nevada that began play in the National Hockey League in 2017.

Growing up, Foley mostly lived in Texas with his family and extended family who were ranchers. For a time, he lived in Ottawa, Ontario, when his father was posted in the United States Air Force there. Foley played shinny, an informal type of ice hockey and started a lifelong appreciation for the sport.Foley graduated from West Point in 1967. While still at West Point he made $40,000 on the stock market which he played in his spare time. Foley later transferred to the Air Force, where as an officer he negotiated million-dollar defense contracts with Boeing. After leaving the Air Force, Foley moved into corporate law upon earning his J.D. from the University of Washington in 1974. Later he bought and revitalized the then struggling title insurance firm Fidelity National Financial. He later invested in wineries, golf courses, hotels, ski resorts, steak houses, fast-food restaurants and auto parts manufacturers.

Basket sports
Football codes
Bat-and-ball games
Stick and ball sports
Net sports
Other sports

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.