Shimazu Tadahisa

Shimazu Tadahisa (島津 忠久, died August 1, 1227) was the founder of the Shimazu samurai clan.

According to a record of his life, he was reportedly born in Sumiyoshi Taisha in Osaka. He was initially Koremune no Tadahisa (惟宗忠久) but after being given the territory of Shimazu, Hyūga Province to rule from by Minamoto no Yoritomo, he took the name of Shimazu.

Tadahisa was a son of the Shōgun Minamoto no Yoritomo (1147–1199) by the sister of Hiki Yoshikazu.

He married a daughter of Koremune Hironobu, descendant of the Hata clan, whose name Tadahisa at first took.

He received the domain of Shioda (Shinano province) in 1186 and was then named Shugo of Satsuma province. He sent Honda Sadachika to take possession of the province in his name and accompanied Yoritomo in his expedition to Mutsu in 1189. He went to Satsuma in 1196, subdued Hyūga and Ōsumi provinces, and built a castle in the domain of Shimazu (Hyūga) which name he also adopted. He is buried in Kamakura, near his father's tomb.

Shimazu Tadahisa


  • Sansom, George (1961). A History of Japan: 1334-1615. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
  • Turnbull, Stephen (1998). The Samurai Sourcebook. London: Cassell & Co.

Year 1179 (MCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.


Year 1227 (MCCXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Atsuhime (TV series)

Atsuhime (篤姫, "Princess Atsu") is a 2008 Japanese historical television series. It is the 47th NHK Taiga drama. It debuted on January 6, 2008, and aired throughout 2008, completing its run of 50 episodes on December 14, 2008. The story chronicles the life of Tenshōin, based on Tomiko Miyao's 1984 novel Tenshō-in Atsuhime (天璋院篤姫).

August 1

August 1 is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. 152 days remain until the end of the year.

Battle of Mimigawa

The Battle of Mimigawa was a battle, fought in Japan, between the Ōtomo clan and the Shimazu clan in 1578. The Ōtomo force was led by Sorin's brother-in-law Tawara Chikataka, while the Shimazu clan was led by Shimazu Yoshihisa. The Shimazu had been advancing north from their Satsuma Province, when Ōtomo Sōrin (retired daimyō) and his heir Yoshimune, moved south to confront them in May. The Christian Ōtomo army destroyed Buddhist and Shinto religious buildings along the way as they crossed the Mimigawa and laid siege to Takajo Castle on 20 October, with its 500 men led by Yamada Arinobu. The Ōtomo set up their Portuguese cannon, kunikuzuri or "destroyer of provinces", across the Kiribaragawa. The castle was soon reinforced by 1000 men under Yoshihisa's younger brother Shihazu Iehisa. Shimazu Tadahisa was able to ambush some Ōtomo troops and follow the survivors to their headquarters at Matsuyama.Yoshihisa had a dream the night before the battle, which he turned into a poem, and the Shimazu considered a good omen:

The enemy defeated host

Is as the maple leaves of autumn,

Floating on the water

Of the Takuta stream

The Shimazu used their favorite decoy tactic, used 8 times from 1527 to 1600. In the center of their army as decoy was Shimazu Yoshihiro, with Shimazu Tadahira and Shimazu Tadamune on his flanks, and Yoshihisa in reserve. The Ōtomo army in the center, led by Tagita Shigekane and Saeki Korenori, were led on by the Shimaza false retreat, across the Takajogawa, into the Shimaza trap. Shimazu Iehisa and Yamada Arinobu sallied from Takajo castle and attacked the Otomo army from the rear. Tawara Chikataka fled while Tagita Saeki and Tsunokuma were killed. The bodies of the Otomo army littered the 25 km back to the Mimigawa in their retreat and pursuit by the Shimazu army.Fabian Fucan used the battle to warn other daimyōs not to abandon the Buddhist religion.


Bixi, or Bi Xi (Wade–Giles: Pi-hsi), is a figure from Chinese mythology. One of the 9 sons of the Dragon King, he is depicted as a dragon with the shell of a turtle. Stone sculptures of Bixi have been used in Chinese culture for centuries as a decorative plinth for commemorative steles and tablets, particularly in the funerary complexes of its later emperors and to commemorate important events, such as an imperial visit or the anniversary of a World War II victory. They are also used at the bases of bridges and archways. Sculptures of Bixi are traditionally rubbed for good luck, which can cause conservation issues. They can be found throughout East Asia in Japan, Korea, Vietnam, Mongolia, and even the Russian Far East.

Hata clan

The Hata clan (秦氏) was an immigrant clan active in Japan since the Kofun period (250–538), according to the history of Japan laid out in Nihon Shoki.

Hata is the Japanese reading of the Chinese surname Qin (Chinese: 秦; pinyin: Qín) given to the State of Qin and the Qin dynasty (the ancestral name was Ying), and to their descendants established in Japan. The Nihon Shoki presents the Hata as a clan or house, and not as a tribe; only the members of the head family had the right to use the name of Hata.

The Hata can be compared to other families who came from the continent during the Kofun period: the descendants of the Chinese Han dynasty, through Prince Achi no Omi, ancestor of the Aya clan, the Sakanoue clan, the Tamura clan, the Harada, and the Akizuki clan, as well as the descendants of the Chinese Cao Wei Dynasty through the Takamuko clan.

History of Kagoshima Prefecture

The outline of the History of Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan is described herein.

History of Miyazaki Prefecture

This is an outline of the history of Miyazaki Prefecture.


Kagoshima (鹿児島市, Kagoshima-shi, Japanese: [ka̠ɡo̞ɕima̠]) is the capital city of Kagoshima Prefecture at the south western tip of the island of Kyushu in Japan, and the largest city in the prefecture by some margin. It has been nicknamed the "Naples of the Eastern world" for its bay location (Aira Caldera), hot climate, and emblematic stratovolcano, Sakurajima. The city was officially founded on April 1, 1889.

List of Cultural Properties of Japan - paintings (Kagoshima)

This list is of the Cultural Properties of Japan designated in the category of paintings (絵画, kaiga) for the Prefecture of Kagoshima.

List of Japanese people

This is a list of notable Japanese people.

If a sub-list is indicated, names should be placed in the sub-list instead of this list.

To be included in this list, the person must have a Wikipedia article showing they are Japanese.

List of samurai

The following is a list of Samurai and their wives. They are listed alphabetically by their family names. Some changed their names and they are listed by their final names. Note that this list is not complete or comprehensive; the total number of persons who belonged to the samurai-class of Japanese society, during the time that such a social category existed, would be in the millions.

Minamoto no Yoritomo

Minamoto no Yoritomo (源 頼朝, May 9, 1147 – February 9, 1199) was the founder and the first shōgun of the Kamakura shogunate of Japan. He ruled from 1192 until 1199. His Buddhist name was Bukōshōgendaizenmon (武皇嘯原大禅門).

Mōri Suemitsu

Mōri Suemitsu (毛利 季光, 1202 – July 8, 1247) was a samurai during the Kamakura period and a gokenin of the Kamakura shogunate. He was the fourth son of Ōe no Hiromoto. He was the founder of the Mōri clan.

He served three generations of the army of Minamoto no Sanetomo at Tsurugaoka Hachimangū. He took the name Mōri after the name of his estate in Sagami Province. He fought in the Jōkyū War in 1221. His wife was a daughter of Miura Yasumura and he fought with the Miura clan against the Hōjō clan.In 1223 he became an official surveyor for the Kamakura shogunate. He was defeated by Hōjō Tokiyori in 1247 and committed suicide (seppuku) at Minamoto no Yoritomo's shrine (hokkedō) along with his Miura allies.

His grave (yagura) is in Kamakura, only a few hundred yards from the grave of Minamoto no Yoritomo along with his father and Shimazu Tadahisa who founded the Shimazu clan. The Miura clan's family tomb is also nearby.


Shimazu is a Japanese surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Esther Shimazu (born 1957), American/Hawaiian sculptor

Saeko Shimazu (born 1959), Japanese voice actress

Shimazu clan, daimyō of the Satsuma han

Shimazu Hisamitsu (1817-1887), Japanese samurai prince

Shimazu Katsuhisa (1503-1573), the fourteenth head of the Shimazu clan

Shimazu Nariakira (1809-1858), Japanese feudal lord (daimyō)

Raisei Shimazu (島津 頼盛, born 1999), Japanese footballer

Shimazu Tadahisa (died 1227), founder of the Shimazu clan

Shimazu Tadatsune (1576-1638), Tozama daimyō of Satsuma

Shimazu Tadayoshi (1493-1568), daimyō (feudal lord) of Satsuma

Shimazu Takahisa (1514-1571), daimyō during Japan's Sengoku period

Shimazu Toshihisa (1537-1592), senior retainer to the Shimazu clan

Shimazu Yoshihiro (1535-1619), general of the Shimazu clan

Shimazu Yoshihisa (1533-1611), daimyō of Satsuma

Takako Shimazu (born 1939), Japanese princess

Yasujirō Shimazu (1897–1945), Japanese film director

Shimazu Estate

The Shimazu Estate (島津荘, Shimazu no shō) was a shōen (estate or manor) in southern Kyushu of Japan. It was the largest shōen of medieval Japan. The Shimazu clan was named after this estate as the clan succeeded the position of jitō (land steward).

Shimazu clan

The Shimazu clan (島津氏, Shimazu-shi) were the daimyō of the Satsuma han, which spread over Satsuma, Ōsumi and Hyūga provinces in Japan.

The Shimazu were identified as one of the tozama or outsider daimyō families in contrast with the fudai or insider clans which were hereditary vassals or allies of the Tokugawa clan.

Tomb of Minamoto no Yoritomo

The tomb of Minamoto no Yoritomo (源頼朝の墓) (see photo below) is a monument in Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan, located some hundred meters north of the site where the palace called Ōkura Bakufu, seat of Minamoto no Yoritomo's government, once stood. Although there is no evidence his remains are actually there, it is commonly assumed to be the resting place of Minamoto no Yoritomo, founder and first shōgun of the Kamakura shogunate. The cenotaph consists of a 186 cm gorintō (a Buddhist stone stupa) surrounded by a stone tamagaki (a fence usually delimiting the sacred soil of a Shinto shrine), and was built during the Edo period (1603–1868), far after the shōgun's death in 1199. In the course of history, the site's prestige has attracted other structures, so that now it is occupied by the Site of the Hokke-dō, (the spot where Yoritomo's Hokke-dō, or funeral temple, used to stand during the Edo period), Shirahata Shrine (白幡神社, Shirahata Jinja) (not to be confused with the homonymous shrine part of Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gū), and the black stone stele commemorating the Hokke-dō and the mass suicide of the Miura clan. A couple of hundred meters further to the east lie the yagura (an artificial cave used during the Kamakura period as a grave or as a cenotaph) of the Miura clan, the twin tombs of Oe no Hiromoto and of his son Mōri Suemitsu, and the grave of Yoritomo's illegitimate son Shimazu Tadahisa. The grave of Yoritomo and the ruins of the Hokke-dō are national Historic Sites.


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