Sheshnag Lake

Sheshnag Lake (Sanskrit: शेषनाग झील) is an alpine high altitude oligotrophic lake[1] situated at the track leading to Amarnath cave 23 kilometers from Pahalgam in Anantnag district of Kashmir valley in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir at an elevation of 3590 meters. It has a maximum length of 1.1 kilometers and maximum width of 0.7 kilometers.

Sheshnag Lake
LocationAnantnag, Kashmir valley, India
Coordinates34°05′37″N 75°29′48″E / 34.093697°N 75.496686°ECoordinates: 34°05′37″N 75°29′48″E / 34.093697°N 75.496686°E
TypeOligotrophic lake
Primary inflowsMelting of snow
Primary outflowsA tributary of Lidder River
Max. length1.1 kilometres (0.68 mi)
Max. width0.7 kilometres (0.43 mi)
Surface elevation3,590 metres (11,780 ft)
FrozenDecember to March

Etymology, geography

According to the Hindu mythology Sheshnag means the king of snakes[2] and the lake was dug by Sheshnag himself.[3] It is believed by the Hindus that Sheshnag stays in this Lake even today.[4] It is one of the most ancient places of pilgrimage for the Hindus, as it lies on the track of Amarnath cave.

Sheshnag Lake is home to many types of fish[5] among of which is the brown trout.[6] It freezes during winter, and is inaccessible during this season due to heavy snowfall. It is surrounded by green lush meadows and mountains covered by snow.[7] Sheshnag Lake is one of the famous tourist destinations in Kashmir Valley. It is mostly fed by melting of snow and streams coming down from mountaintops. It drains out through a stream which joins Lidder River at Pahalgam.


Sheshnag Lake is situated 120 kilometers east from Srinagar and 23 km from Pahalgam. It can be accessed[8] 113  km by road up to Chandanwari from which ponies can be hired to cover a trek of 7  km upslope to reach the Sheshnag Lake. Amarnath cave is situated 20 kilometers north of this lake. The best time to visit the lake is from the month of June to September.


Sheshnag Lake-Amarnath Yatra Series
Sheshnag Lake


  1. ^ Raina, HS; KK Vass (May – June 2006). "Some biological features of a freshwater fairy shrimp, Branchinecta schantzi, Mackin, 1952 in the Northwestern Himalayas, India" (PDF). J. Indian Inst. Sci. 86: 287–291. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
  2. ^ "Indian Mythology; Hindu Myrhology: Sheshnag". Retrieved 23 April 2012.
  3. ^ "Sheshnag Lake". Archived from the original on 19 June 2014. Retrieved 23 April 2012.
  4. ^ Bhag-P 5.25.1 Archived 20 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Fishes and Fisheries in high altitude lakes, Vishansar, Gadsar, Gangabal, Krishansar". Retrieved 1999. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  6. ^ Petr, ed. by T. (1999). Fish and fisheries at higher altitudes : Asia. Rome: FAO. p. 72. ISBN 92-5-104309-4.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  7. ^ "Pahalgam Sheshnag". Retrieved 23 April 2012.
  8. ^ "Travel to Sheshnag lake". Retrieved 23 April 2012.
2017 Amarnath Yatra attack

On 10 July 2017, the first Monday of the month of Shraavana, 8 Hindu civilian pilgrims on the way from Amarnath Temple in Kashmir Valley, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir were killed in a terror attack. The pilgrims mostly belonged to the Indian state of Gujarat. Seven people were killed and at least 18 people were injured in the attack.

Amarnath Temple

Amarnath cave is a Hindu shrine located in Jammu and Kashmir, India. The cave is situated at an altitude of 3,888 m (12,756 ft), about 141 km (88 mi) from Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir and reached through Pahalgam town. The shrine forms an important part of Hinduism, and is considered to be one of the holiest shrines in Hinduism. The cave is surrounded by snowy mountains. The cave itself is covered with snow most of the year except for a short period of time in summer when it is open for pilgrims. Hundreds of thousands of Hindu devotees make an annual pilgrimage to the Amarnath cave across challenging mountainous terrain.

The Amarnath temple is one of 18 Maha Shakti Peethas, or "Grand Shakti Peethas" – highly revered temples throughout South Asia that commemorate the location of fallen body parts of the Hindu deity Sati.

Amarnath pilgrimage terrorist-attack massacre (2001)

On 20 July 2001, in the month of Shraavana, 13 people were killed and 15 other injured in a terror attack on a pilgrim night camp at Sheshnag Lake near the Amarnath Temple glacial cave shrine in Kashmir Valley in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir, in two explosions and firing by militants. In a pre-dawn attack, terrorists penetrated several layers of security cordon and exploded two improvised explosive devices (lEDs), casualties included 8 Hindu civilian pilgrims entailing 2 women, and 3 Muslim civilians and 2 security personnel.

Amarnath pilgrimage terrorist-attack massacre (2002)

On 30 July and 6 August 2002, in the month of Shraavana, 11 people were killed and 30 injured in a terror attack by terrorists from Lashkar-e-Taiba's front group of al-Mansuriyan, on Nunwan base camp at Pahalgam of the Amarnath Hindu pilgrimage to Amarnath Temple glacial cave shrine in Kashmir Valley in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. In the spate of attack on yatra in the third consecutive year, 2 pilgrims were killed and 3 injured on 30 July when terrorists threw grenades at a civilian taxi of pilgrims in Srinagar. Further, 9 people were killed and 27 injured on 6 August by Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) terrorists' hail of bullets at Nunwan base camp at Pahalgam.

Doru Shahabad

Doru Shahabad (also written as Dooru Shahabad or only Doru) is a town and a notified area committee in Anantnag district of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is also known as historical township in South Kashmir's Anantnag district. Doru shahabad has been known as a place of intelligentia where great scholars like Mehmood shah Gami, Rasul Mir shahabadi, were borne who contributed to the literature and culture of kashmir. In present times shahabad has produced chief minister like syed mir qasim and many other politicians, beuracrates and some leading agricultural scientists.

Kashmir Valley

The Kashmir Valley, also known as the Vale of Kashmir, is an intermontane valley in the portion of the Kashmir region administered by India. The valley is bounded on the southwest by the Pir Panjal Range and on the northeast by the main Himalayas range. It is approximately 135 km long and 32 km wide, and drained by the Jhelum River.Kashmir division is one of the three administrative divisions of the Indian administered state of Jammu and Kashmir. The Kashmir division borders Jammu Division to the south and Ladakh to the east while Line of Control forms its northern and the western border. The division consists of the following districts: Anantnag, Baramulla, Budgam, Bandipore, Ganderbal, Kupwara, Kulgam, Pulwama, Shopian and Srinagar.

Lidder River

Lidder or Liddar is a 73 kilometres (45 mi) long river in the Kashmir region of India in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It originates from the Kolhoi Glacier and joins the Jehlum River at Mirgund Khanabal at an altitude of 1,615 metres (5,299 ft).

Lidder Valley

The Lidder Valley or Liddar Valley in the state of Jammu and Kashmir, India, is a Himalayan sub-valley that forms the southeastern corner of the Kashmir Valley. The Lidder River flows down the valley. The entrance to the valley lies 7 km northeast from Anantnag town and 62 km southeast from Srinagar, the summer capital of Jammu and Kashmir. It is a 40-km-long gorge valley with an average width of 3 km.

List of lakes

For rank-order lists, see List of lakes by area, List of lakes by depth, List of lakes by volume.

List of lakes of India

This is a list of notable lakes in India.


Panchtarni is a locality in Anantnag district of the Indian state of Jammu & Kashmir. It is a popular pilgrimage and tourist destination on the way to Amarnath Temple near the Amarnath Glacier in Himalayas. It is located 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Pahalgam base camp and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) ahead of last halt camp of Sheshnag Lake in the north. It is a meadowland on the banks of eponymous Panchtarni River where five glacier-fed tributary streams meet in eponymous Panchtarni Valley surrounded by snow-capped mountains at an altitude of 11,500 feet (3,500 m). It is also the final helicopter drop off for the Amarnath yatra pilgrims, who have to trek the rest of the 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) journey either on foot or by mule from this camp.

Poonch River

The Poonch River (also known as Punch River, Punch Tohi, Tohi of Punch) is a tributary of the Jhelum River flowing through Jammu and Kashmir, India and Azad Jammu and Kashmir in Pakistan.

Uri, Jammu and Kashmir

Uri is a town and a tehsil in the Baramulla district, in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. Uri is located on the left bank of the Jhelum River, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of the Line of Control with Pakistan.

Hill stations
Mughal gardens
See also
Dams, Barrages
Hydrography of surrounding areas


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