Shaoguan

Shaoguan[1] (Chinese: 韶关) is a prefecture-level city in northern Guangdong Province, China, bordering Hunan to the northwest and Jiangxi to the northeast. It is home to the mummified remains of the sixth Zen Buddhist patriarch Huineng. Its built-up or metro area made up of Zhenjiang and Wujiang urban districts was home to 688,229 inhabitants at the 2010 census, Qujiang district not being conurbated yet.[2]

Shaoguan
韶关市
Prefecture-level city
Qujiang Bridge (曲江桥)
Qujiang Bridge (曲江桥)
Location of Shaoguan City jurisdiction in Guangdong

Location of Shaoguan City jurisdiction in Guangdong
Shaoguan is located in China
Shaoguan
Shaoguan
Location in China
Coordinates: 24°49′N 113°36′E / 24.817°N 113.600°E
Country People's Republic of China
Province Guangdong
County-level divisions 10
Municipal seat Zhenjiang District
Government
 • CPC Secretary Jiang Ling (江凌)
 • Mayor Luo Weifeng (骆蔚峰)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 18,645 km2 (7,199 sq mi)
 • Urban 2,870.7 km2 (1,108.4 sq mi)
 • Metro 1,249.9 km2 (482.6 sq mi)
Elevation 59 m (194 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city 2,826,246
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
 • Urban 991,600
 • Urban density 350/km2 (890/sq mi)
 • Metro 688,229
 • Metro density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) (0)751
ISO 3166 code CN-GD-02
Licence plate prefixes 粤F
Local dialect Hakka (regional)
Cantonese (non-native; provincial level)
Major Nationalities Han
Shaoguan
SG name
"Shaoguan", as written in Chinese
Simplified Chinese 韶关
Traditional Chinese 韶關
Hakka Shâu-kûan
Postal Shiukwan
Shiuchow (former)
Literal meaning Beautiful pass
Transcriptions
Standard Mandarin
Hanyu Pinyin Sháoguān
Wade–Giles Shao2-kuan1
Wu
Romanization zau1kuae1
Hakka
Romanization Shâu-kûan
Yue: Cantonese
Yale Romanization Sìuhgwāan
Jyutping siu4gwaan1

History

Pearl River Yujitu
Shaoguan (as "Shaozhou") on the 1136 Yuji Tu.

Shaozhou was a prefecture under the Tang and Song.

In 1589, Matteo Ricci relocated his mission house – the first ever Jesuit mission in mainland China – to Shaoguan after a fallout with the authorities in Zhaoqing. He remained in Shaoguan for a few years, eventually benefiting from Shaoguan's location on the important north-south travel route to establish connections with traveling dignitaries that allowed him to move north, to Nanchang, Nanjing, and Beijing.[3]

During World War II the city, then called Kukong, was the capital of Guangdong Province.

In June 2009, Uyghurs and Han workers clashed at a toy factory in Shaoguan, which was followed by the Ürümqi riots in July.

Geography

Shaoguan is the northernmost prefecture-level city of Guangdong, bordering Chenzhou (Hunan) to the northwest and north, Ganzhou (Jiangxi) to the northeast, Heyuan to the east, Guangzhou and Huizhou to the south, and Qingyuan to the west. It spans latitude 23° 05'−25° 31' N and longitude 112° 50'−114° 45' E. It is situated at the southern end of the Nan Mountains (Nan Ling), which primarily run east-west here, and is marked by numerous erosion-created valleys; within its borders lies the 1,902 m (6,240 ft) Mount Shikeng (石坑崆), the highest point in the province. The city is located on the Jingguang Railway (Beijing−Guangzhou) about 221 kilometres (137 mi) north of the provincial capital of Guangzhou. Shaoguan is also readily accessible by road as it is adjacent to the G4 Beijing–Hong Kong–Macau Expressway as well as numerous other National Highways.

At Shaoguan, the Wu River from the northwest and the Zhen River from the northeast join up to create the North River (Bei Jiang) which flows south to Guangzhou. The downtown part of Shaoguan is located on a peninsula between the Wu and Zhen Rivers. The rivers are maintained at a constant level by a dam about 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) downstream from the city. The city has about 20 kilometres (12 mi) of tree-lined riverside esplanades along the banks of the rivers. There are seven bridges crossing the three rivers.

Climate

Shaoguan has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with short, mild, damp winters, rainy springs, long, hot, and humid summers, and relatively sunny autumns. Due to the city's location far inland, winters are significantly cooler than in the rest of the province, with freezing rain possible in the nearby mountain passes in some years. Winter begins dry and relatively sunny but becomes progressively cloudier and damper. Spring is the cloudiest and wettest season, with the sun shining less than 30% of the time. The annual rainfall is around 1,580 mm (62 in), much of it delivered from April thru June. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 10.3 °C (50.5 °F) in January to 29.0 °C (84.2 °F) in July; the annual mean is 20.5 °C (68.9 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 16% in March to 54% in July, the city receives 1,617 hours of bright sunshine annually.

Climate data for Shaoguan (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 26.7
(80.1)
30.5
(86.9)
32.6
(90.7)
33.7
(92.7)
35.9
(96.6)
38.5
(101.3)
40.4
(104.7)
40.3
(104.5)
38.3
(100.9)
36.6
(97.9)
34.0
(93.2)
28.5
(83.3)
40.4
(104.7)
Average high °C (°F) 15.1
(59.2)
16.4
(61.5)
19.2
(66.6)
24.6
(76.3)
28.9
(84)
31.6
(88.9)
34.0
(93.2)
33.9
(93)
31.5
(88.7)
28.0
(82.4)
22.7
(72.9)
17.8
(64)
25.3
(77.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
12.3
(54.1)
15.3
(59.5)
20.7
(69.3)
24.6
(76.3)
27.3
(81.1)
29.0
(84.2)
28.7
(83.7)
26.4
(79.5)
22.5
(72.5)
17.0
(62.6)
11.9
(53.4)
20.5
(68.9)
Average low °C (°F) 7.2
(45)
9.4
(48.9)
12.5
(54.5)
17.8
(64)
21.5
(70.7)
24.4
(75.9)
25.6
(78.1)
25.2
(77.4)
22.9
(73.2)
18.5
(65.3)
13.0
(55.4)
7.9
(46.2)
17.2
(62.9)
Record low °C (°F) −2.5
(27.5)
0.1
(32.2)
0.9
(33.6)
6.2
(43.2)
12.7
(54.9)
16.6
(61.9)
21.3
(70.3)
20.8
(69.4)
15.1
(59.2)
6.3
(43.3)
2.5
(36.5)
−4.3
(24.3)
−4.3
(24.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 69.3
(2.728)
106.0
(4.173)
177.9
(7.004)
221.1
(8.705)
248.9
(9.799)
249.6
(9.827)
159.4
(6.276)
129.1
(5.083)
100.8
(3.969)
43.8
(1.724)
51.9
(2.043)
41.7
(1.642)
1,599.5
(62.973)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 11.4 14.8 19.1 18.8 19.3 17.1 13.6 14.7 10.1 7.8 6.9 6.8 160.4
Average relative humidity (%) 75 79 82 82 80 80 75 77 76 71 72 72 77
Mean monthly sunshine hours 89.7 67.5 57.6 75.5 113.9 150.5 226.6 206.7 177.6 164.0 147.0 140.8 1,617.4
Percent possible sunshine 27 21 16 20 28 37 54 51 48 46 45 43 36
Source #1: China Meteorological Data Service Center
Source #2: China Meteorological Administration(precipitation days, sunshine hours 1971-2000)

Administrative divisions

Shaoguan has direct jurisdiction over 3 districts, 2 county-level cities and 5 counties:

Map Name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2010 census)
Area
(km2)
Density
(/km2)
Zhenjiang District 浈江区 Zhēnjiāng Qū 393,521 572.11 688
Wujiang District 武江区 Wǔjiāng Qū 294,708 677.78 435
Qujiang District 曲江区 Qǔjiāng Qū 303,371 1,620.77 187
Shixing County 始兴县 Shǐxīng Xiàn 205,452 2,131.91 96
Renhua County 仁化县 Rénhuà Xiàn 200,354 2,223.22 99
Wengyuan County 翁源县 Wēngyuán Xiàn 331,120 2,174.87 152
Xinfeng County 新丰县 Xīnfēng Xiàn 206,091 1,967.39 105
Ruyuan Yao Autonomous County 乳源瑶族自治县 Rǔyuán Yáozú Zìzhìxiàn 177,471 2,299.01 77
Lechang City 乐昌市 Lèchāng Shì 397,779 2,419,28 164
Nanxiong City 南雄市 Nánxióng Shì 316,179 2,326,18 136

Tourism

The Fengcai Tower in the centre of Shaoguan was built in the Ming Dynasty. To the south of the tower, at the other end of a pedestrian shopping street, the Dajian Monastery was founded in 660.

Near Shaoguan is the town of Maba, home of relics and museum of the Maba Man, Chinese Neanderthals. Near Maba is Nanhua Temple, which was founded by Huineng, the Sixth Patriarch of Zen Buddhism. Shaoguan Iron and Steel is also located near Maba.

Danxia Mountain is located in Renhua County, Shaoguan.

Northwest of Shaoguan, at the town of Pingshi, a stretch of river known as the Nine Torrents and Eighteen Shoals is a popular place for white-water rafting.

Education

Shaoguan University (a xueyuan) is in the city.

Gallery

Shaoguan plane Feb 2016

Aerial view of Shaoguan city

Shaoguanzhongxindao

Central Shaoguan

Gdgv01

Guangdong Grand Canyon in Shaoguan

See also

References

  1. ^ Alternative transliterations include Shiuchow (postal), Shiukwan (postal), Shaokwan, Shao-chow, Xaocheu (Willem Blaeu's maps) and Chau Chew (Johan Nieuhof's illustration)
  2. ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/php/china-guangdong-admin.php
  3. ^ De Christiana expeditione apud Sinas

External links

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